|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Management Community :||Scheibenberg-Schlettau|
|Height :||680 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9 km 2|
|Residents:||2083 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||231 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||09481|
|Area code :||037349|
|License plate :||ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP|
|Community key :||14 5 21 510|
|LOCODE :||DE SIJ|
City administration address :
35 09481 Scheibenberg
|Mayor :||Michael Staib (Citizens' Forum)|
|Location of the city of Scheibenberg in the Erzgebirge district|
The city is located northwest of the mountain of the same name at an altitude of around 600 to 670 m. The highest point is the Scheibenberg at 807 m.
The districts of Oberscheibe and Brünlasgüter belong to the city of Scheibenberg .
After the first prospecting work on the Scheibenberg, the mountain master, Michael Zechendorfer, announced on May 4, 1522, on behalf of the landlords Wolf and Ernst von Schönburg, that farms would be awarded to those willing to mine. On May 20, 1522, Duke Georg, at the request of Ernst von Schönburg , granted the Scheibenberg miners initial benefits. At the same time he determined that the Annaberg Mountain Regulations should be applied in Scheibenberg and that he did not waive his tithing. On May 31, 1522, Elector Friedrich and his brother Johann granted the settlement town charter - such a new town - and granted it extensive freedom. This document also shows that no silver has yet been found on the Scheibenberg. In the next few years the city was built with a town hall, church and brewery. Large parts of the town were destroyed in a fire in 1529. The Reformation was introduced in 1539, of which an inscription on the back of the Scheibenberg Altar announces. At the beginning of May 1559, Scheibenberg and the entire Upper Forest part of the County of Hartenstein came into the possession of the Electorate of Saxony and were subordinated to the Crottendorf Office . At the end of the 16th century mining gradually came to a standstill. The city had its own mining office between 1530 and 1767 , which then existed until 1847 as the sub-mining office of the Annaberg mining office. In 1632, the citizens of Scheibenberg also tried to defend the Wiesenthaler Pass against the invasion of the general Heinrich von Holk . During the entire Thirty Years' War , Scheibenberg suffered from looting and raids, which Pastor Christian Lehmann reported impressively in his war history.
With the completion of the Annaberg – Schwarzenberg road in 1824, traffic conditions are improved. The Sparkasse was founded in 1861, followed by the Scheibenberg volunteer fire brigade a year later . From 1884 the construction of a central water supply began . With the inauguration of the Buchholz – Schwarzenberg (Erzgeb) railway line on December 1, 1889, Scheibenberg received a rail connection and the previously operating mail was discontinued. A mountain inn was built on the Scheibenberg in 1892. A city hospital was opened in 1897, and on May 1, 1899 the railway line to Zwönitz. In 1911 the place was connected to the electricity supply. In 1914, the mining of basalt began . In order to preserve the mountain, the basalt mining was stopped again in 1928. In 1971 the dilapidated lookout tower had to be blown up. In 1994 a new tower was inaugurated.
- January 1, 1994: Upper pane
On October 3, 1990, Scheibenberg had 2,476 inhabitants. The following population figures refer to December 31 of the previous year:
1993 to 1997
1998 to 2002
2003 to 2007
from 2009 on
- Source: State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony
Since the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the 12 seats of the city council are distributed as follows:
- Free Voters Citizens' Forum (FWBF): 7 seats
- CDU : 2 seats
- We for Scheibenberg and Oberscheibe (WIR): 3 seats
The Lidste WIR was able to gain one seat compared to the previous election in 2014, the CDU lost one and the FWBF was able to keep the number of its seats.
The chairman of the city council is the mayor, since August 1, 2015 Michael Staib (non-party, citizens' forum).
coat of arms
The coat of arms is based on the large council seal that the city received with city charter in 1530. Blazon: divided by silver over red, above two natural spruce trees, below diagonally crossed silver mallets and iron, covered with a silver disc with an upright red griffin inside.
The city also has a large coat of arms with two miners as shield holders.
- Community of Gundelfingen im Breisgau ( Baden-Württemberg )
- Huisseau-sur-Mauves commune in central France
- Small town of Schlettau in the Ore Mountains (Saxony)
- Simmelsdorf municipality ( Northern Bavaria )
Culture and sights
- Ev.-luth. St. Johannis Church , construction started in 1559, outwardly baroque appearance with much older elements; one of the most beautiful interiors in the Ore Mountains, late Gothic winged altar and crucifix, baroque pulpit, numerous boxes, floating angels, double galleries, tomb for Pastor Christian Lehmann
- Regular city layout
- Baroque town houses
- Local museum on the market
- A monument in the city park commemorates the victims of the war.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Christian Fiedler private brewery in the Oberscheibe district
Due to the city's location on an old trade route to Bohemia via the Wiesenthaler or the Preßnitzer Pass, there has always been a high volume of traffic. In the past the place was often the victim of looting and raids by armies due to this strategic location. Today the 101 leads through Scheibenberg from Annaberg-Buchholz to Aue .
Since 1889, the city has been connected to the Annaberg-Buchholz Süd - Schwarzenberg railway with the Scheibenberg train station . However, passenger traffic has ceased in 1997. From time to time the route is used for tourist train journeys. The railway line to Zwönitz was finally set and closed in 1966.
- Richard Steche : Scheibenberg. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 4th booklet: Official Authority Annaberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1885, p. 83.
- Christian Lehmann: Chronicon Scheibenbergense. Heidler & Fahle, Scheibenberg, 1992
- City administration Scheibenberg (ed.): 475 years Scheibenberg - commemorative publication for the 475th anniversary, 1522–1997 . Heidler & Fahle, Scheibenberg 1997
- Local history group (ed.): Carl Benjamin Dietrich: His life - his works; The little chronicles of the free mountain town of Scheibenberg with Oberscheibe . Scheibenberg 2005
- Jens Hahn: Elterlein-Scheibenberg-Oberwiesenthal: Three mining towns in the Ore Mountains - ore mining and miners' union until the middle of the 20th century . Upper Erzgebirge Silver Mirror, Zwönitz 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-029673-4
- Scheibenberg. In: Max Grohmann "The Upper Ore Mountains and its Cities", pp. 1–12 of Chapter 12, Graser Annaberg 1903
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- The Scheibenberg Mining Office in the State Archives of the Free State of Saxony
- Election results of the local elections 2019 - City of Scheibenberg , accessed on November 10, 2019
- The Scheibenberg city arms