Aue (Saxony)

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Large district town of Aue-Bad Schlema
Aue coat of arms
Coordinates: 50 ° 35 ′ 7 ″  N , 12 ° 42 ′ 3 ″  E
Height : 350 m
Area : 20.92 km²
Residents : 16,012  (Dec. 31, 2017)
Population density : 765 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 2019
Postal code : 08280
Area code : 03771
Aue (Saxony)

Location of Aue in Saxony

View over the center of the district
View over the center of the district

Aue has been a district of the large district town of Aue-Bad Schlema in the Saxon Ore Mountains since January 2019 and is part of the Silberberg city association .

The city lies in a deep basin of the Zwickauer Mulde and was considered an important mining and industrial city until the end of the 20th century . In the 16th and 17th centuries, the mining and processing of iron , silver and tin ores, as well as kaolin clay, saw its first boom. Due to the extraction of nickel from the ores occurring in the area and the production of argentan as well as the industrialization in the 19th century, important companies of metal processing , mechanical engineering and textile processing settled and contributed to a new upswing. A third golden age began after the Second World War , than by the Wismut of uranium mining was promoted. Aue is mainly known nationwide through the soccer club FC Erzgebirge Aue (formerly Wismut Aue ) and the handball club EHV Aue .


Geographical location

Aue is located in the southwestern part of Saxony, southeast of Zwickau on the northern edge of the Ore Mountains . It can be reached from the federal autobahn A72 via the Zwickau-Ost and Zwickau-West junctions and then via the federal highway 93 and the Hartenstein junction and then via the state road 255.


View over floodplain

Aue is located at the confluence of the two main waterways of the Western Ore Mountains, Schwarzwasser and Zwickauer Mulde , which have dug themselves deep into the cleavage roofing to the north and have carved out a striking valley basin , the deepest point of which is 330 meters above sea level on the Mulde. While the granite rock by erosion has removed more, the harder remained Contact shale zones as hills around back to the valley. These include the Brünlasberg (514 m) with the Hohen Holz, the Heidelsberg (512 m), the Eichert (564 m), the Brickstone (601 m), the Hirschknochen (517 m) and the Eisenstein (516 m).

During construction work in 1896 a peat bog covered by weathered debris was opened up on a slope on Schneeberger Straße to the left of the Mulde , which was created in the Pleistocene and is an indication of an even greater earlier expansion of the valley basin. The cell district is located on a rock terrace on which the river bed of the Schwarzwassers ran in the direction of Lößnitzbach . The steep slope in the direction of the Auerhammer district is a former bank of the Mulde. The tributary Zschorlaubach worked out the valley widening from the direction of Auerhammer. The Kuttenbach (also: Rumpelsbach) filled the Niederpfannenstieler alluvial fan . Together with the Mulde, the Lößnitzbach formed the oldest floodplain in the valley.

The Mineralienatlas lists 13 historical ore mining sites in Aue and the surrounding area. A total of 59 different minerals have been identified in this area.


Climate diagram of Aue

The average air temperature is 8.0 ° C, the annual rainfall of 790 millimeters is about the German average and slightly lower than in the places upstream of the Black Water. Due to the relatively high number of days with precipitation and the low average temperatures, the weather is rough, especially in the transition seasons.

The forest areas brain skull, deer bones, Eisenstein, Eichert, Heidelsberg and Hohes Holz ensure the production of fresh air and the drainage of cold air in the microclimate of the Au valley basin.


Pioneer trees such as spruce, beech, fir and pine initially settled on the heights around the Au valley basin . Today the mountains are covered with mixed forest. On the banks of the Mulde there are red alders , broken willows and wild willows , various kinds of ferns and reed grass . The dusty usury flower , which was introduced from Spain around 1850 and is popularly known as the Schwarzenberg edelweiss , has spread along the Schwarzwassertal . Tall perennials , black devil's claw , red night carnation and gnarled figwort can be found near the river . On the sliding slopes of the bends in the river, mountain pale herb , lily of the valley and spring cress grow in spring . In summer, species with vigorous growth predominate, including forest angelica , hairy calf's goiter , alant thistle and forest cranesbill . Occasionally there are masterwort and quivering grass sedge, as well as simple native orchids such as orchids , the great two -leaved or the broad-leaved sitter . Lichen and moss spread on the rock surfaces, of which the reindeer lichen , beard lichens and reindeer moss are common. In 2003 the city administration issued a tree protection statute for its territory , with which above all the structure of the place and landscape, "inner-city greening", the preservation of the efficiency of the natural balance and a minimization of harmful effects from air pollution and noise should be achieved.

On April 24, 2007 on the occasion of been the day of the tree in the drinking water reserve Zschorlauer meadows more than 1800 of the Hamburg Fielmann AG donated silver fir planted.

Expansion of the urban area

Wettinerstraße with a view of the Friedenskirche

The urban area of ​​Aue has a total area of ​​20.9 square kilometers and, due to its location in a valley basin and the incorporated districts, has a rugged structure. The distance between the Erzgebirge Stadium in the northeast of the city and the quarry on Bockauer Strasse is around 3.3 kilometers. The stretch from Klösterlein cell in the northwest to the southwest exit of the town on Schwarzenberger Strasse is about three kilometers long. The local areas Alberoda (in the north) and Neudörfel (in the west) are located a little outside the urban area. The largest expansion of the entire urban area is about 9 kilometers north-south and about 6 kilometers west-east. From January 1, 2019, the urban area expanded to include the formerly independent village of Bad Schlema . The reason given is: "We are laying the foundation stone for a strong city here in the Western Ore Mountains and are reacting to the decline in population and the associated decline in the financial resources of the municipalities."

Neighboring communities

Aue-Bad Schlema and the neighboring towns of Lauter-Bernsbach , Lößnitz and Schneeberg as well as Schwarzenberg form a medium-sized urban network.

The city is bordered by Hartenstein ( Zwickau district ) and Lößnitz in the north, Lauter-Bernsbach in the east, Bockau in the south, Schneeberg in the west and Zschorlau in the south-west .

City structure

There are no official districts of Aue, but the city is divided into different local areas with their own history. In addition to the historic core of the settlement, since January 2019 these have been the four official districts of Aue, Bad Schlema , Wildbach and Alberoda . In addition, there are the settlement areas Klösterlein and cell or Zeller Berg in the north and northeast, Niederpfannenstiel in the east, Eichert in the southeast, Auerhammer and Neudörfel in the south and Brünlasberg in the southwest.


Klösterlein cell: starting point for the settlement of the city

First settlement

A stone ax found in 1919 while building a road in the Auer Valley serves as evidence that people roamed the area on their way to the Bohemian Basin in the Neolithic Age , along with the finds of a pointed hoe and ceramic shards . A permanent settlement at this point in time is excluded.

In an imperial deed dated May 7, 1173, the founding of an Augustinian canons propstei on the Mulde is confirmed, which is considered to be the origin of the later city. The founding date of this cell is regarded as the time when the later city was built and is a reference point for anniversaries.

The name Aue is derived from the name for the wet meadow at the confluence of the Schwarzwasser and Zwickauer Mulde rivers, on which settlers from the Schwarzenberg rule had settled as farmers next to the little cloister cell . It is doubtful that Bertoldus prepositus de Owa , who is mentioned in a document in 1219 as a witness in connection with a monastery foundation, was actually provost of the Zell monastery and that the meadow there is meant is doubtful. The mention of Awe in the fragment of the Naumburg diocese register, dated to 1286, is not the first documentary mention, as this fragment of the document dates from around 1470. Aue was probably first mentioned in a document for the first time in 1460/62 in the Zwickau Franciscan terminology book.

After its creation in the late Middle Ages, Aue slowly developed as a small farming village and initially remained of no major economic importance.

From the 17th century to the end of the 18th century

Granting of market rights

With the discovery of minable iron ore veins on the slopes of the Brünlasberg and in the Lumbachtal and the mining of tin, silver and cobalt ores from the 15th century onwards, Aue turned into a mining town. In 1627, Elector Johann Georg I granted market rights for a Bartholomew's fair (August 24th) on today's Altmarkt, and in 1632 for a second, the Katharinenmarkt (November 25th) on today's Neumarkt. When the market rights were granted, Aue became a town and has been designated as such in documents and in the coat of arms since 1635. The inhabitants mostly worked as farmers, miners and carters.

Thirty Years War and Disasters

Auer Talessel around 1628 after a drawing by Wilhelm Dilich : In the foreground left the Mulde, in the middle of the picture the parish church

During the Thirty Years War , mercenaries of General Holk from the Wallenstein Army burned down the Auer Town Hall with all the archives in 1633. The destruction of the Auer hammer was prevented by the forges there. After the city was ravaged again by the imperial troops, everything "... except for three small houses" was destroyed. Although a peace treaty existed as early as 1635, Swedish soldiers went through the mountains and plundered Aue in 1637 and 1639. Veit Hans Schnorr , founder of the Niederpfannenstiel blue paint factory and owner of the Auer Hammer, was captured by roaming Russian soldiers in 1648 and went to the Urals as a mining expert carried off.

The city was affected several times by waves of plague rampant in the Ore Mountains until the 17th century , including 1599, 1607, 1624–1627 and 1633. In 1633, 62 people died of the epidemic in Aue. In 1624 and 1627 the contagious diseases of dysentery and bladders claimed victims.

Only towards the end of the 17th century had Aue recovered from the consequences of the fighting, looting and epidemics . The destroyed houses had been replaced by new buildings.

Half-timbered house on the Berg Freiheit miners' settlement from the 17th century

Iron and tin mining in the 17th and 18th centuries

Wars and natural disasters led to destruction, economic setbacks and a fluctuating population that did not exceed 800 people in the city. After tin ore was first found in Aue in 1661 , the character of the town changed significantly. In addition to the existing iron ore mines, tin ore pits, new stamping works , hammer mills and mills were built that opened up the ores. The metals and by-products of the mines were partly sold directly, partly processed on the spot. Around 250 ore mining sites were soon in operation in Aue and the surrounding area. Many farmers now worked as charcoal burners , miners and ironworkers. Wage workers came to the city from other German and neighboring countries and built their own settlement on Heidelsberg (see picture).

Establishment of the first industrial companies

During the mining of iron and tin bearing rocks, ores with cobalt, nickel and bismuth content were mined, as well as the "white earth", later called kaolin . The processing of these materials led to new types of products and the establishment of new businesses, especially along rivers. The blue color works in Pfannenstiel and Oberschlema emerged, which opened up cobalt and bismuth. A new alloy of copper, zinc and nickel led to Argentan ( nickel silver ), from which rustproof and inexpensive cutlery could be made. Three cutlery factories were founded in Aue. In addition, the processing of wool and cotton began in cloth factories , bleaching plants and weaving mills. The Auer Weißerdenzeche St. Andreas achieved a monopoly in Saxony in 1711, as it became the sole supplier of kaolin for the porcelain manufactory in Meißen through the electoral privilege .

The trade in the many new products led to Europe-wide relationships between the Auer factory owners and an initial economic rise. The population in the city and the surrounding villages increased. In 1839 there were 1006 people in Aue, most of whom worked in the new factories, in agriculture and as carters.

Beginning of the 19th century until the end of the Second World War

Further industrial growth

In Aue, the waters of Zwickauer Mulde, Schwarzwasser and Zschorlaubach were diverted multiple and multiple times and enabled the use of this energy for sheet metal processing based in the surrounding area and the establishment of numerous new industrial companies in the fields of iron processing, mechanical engineering (textile and sheet metal processing machines) and Textile industry. The rapidly spreading, more powerful drive technologies steam engine and electric motor led to the modernization of the production facilities in the city. With the construction of railway lines to Zwickau and Chemnitz and the incorporation of the surrounding villages beginning in 1879, Aue became one of the most important industrial cities in Saxony. The population had increased eightfold between 1839 and 1895.

Effects of the First World War

During the First World War , women and later forced laborers were employed in the city's factories. Only certain war-essential products such as nickel and sheet iron were produced in large quantities. As a result of the provision of war bonds and inflation , the industrial boom and the urgently needed housing construction in Aue slowed down.

Emergency money issued by the city of Aue, 1918

From the Weimar Republic to 1945

Between the two world wars, the political and financial developments in Germany determined life in Aue. After the hyperinflation , most of the companies were back in full swing. In their free time, the residents turned to cultural pleasures; theaters, cinemas, coffee houses, other parks and clubs were built.

During the time of National Socialism , Jewish trading house owners were expropriated (like the Schocken family) and metalworking companies switched to war production. Other Jewish housemates were persecuted and had to emigrate or were placed in camps. Only later, in 2012, were the first public actions to commemorate this dark German chapter. On Schwarzenberger Straße, in front of house number 1, Gunter Demnig laid five stumbling blocks for the Thorn family (David Thorn, Rosette Thorn, Max Schüftan, Betty Schüftan (née Thorn), Herta Kreinberg (née Thorn)). On May 4, 2016, the fate of the Kaiser family, who last lived at Lessingstrasse 1 (Lina Kaiser, Gerda Kaiser, Bernd Ludwig Kaiser), will be remembered with a second stumbling block campaign.

In the early 1940s, refugees came from the former areas in the east.

From November 1944 to the end of April 1945 during the Second World War, there was a satellite camp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp , whose 20 prisoners had to do forced labor for the SS. The prisoners had to convert a disused Hitler Youth home into an SS leadership school.

At the end of the war the American army reached Aue without occupying it. In implementing the Yalta resolutions , the Soviet army entered Aue as an occupying power after four weeks .

1945 until the end of the GDR

Uranium ore

Six large Auer factories, which had produced goods essential to the war effort during the Nazi era, were dismantled after the end of the war and their owners were expropriated. A new economic start was made more difficult. With uranium ore mining for the victorious Soviet power from 1946 onwards, mining revived in the city. Newly recruited workers mined large areas of ore containing uranium under the guidance of specialists; Aue became the administrative center of the later SDAG Wismut . The population multiplied. New residential areas were created in the former peripheral settlements, the urban infrastructure was significantly improved. With around 40,000 inhabitants and the status of a district town, the development of Aue reached its peak between 1950 and 1970. As a result of the decline in uranium mining due to decreasing yields, the development of foreign deposits and automation in the factories, the number of jobs and the number of inhabitants fell sharply. By the late 1980s, around 20,000 people were still living in the city. The cityscape was increasingly dominated by ailing factory buildings, mining dumps and desolate residential areas.

As in many other cities in the GDR , there were demonstrations in Aue in 1989 and 1990 for social change and the renewal of the state.

Aue in the united Germany

Administrative changes and new structures

Branch of the new district office

Aue was initially the administrative seat of the Aue district and from 1994 the seat of the new Western Ore Mountains district (renamed the Aue-Schwarzenberg district in 1995 ). During the Saxon administrative reform in 2008, it lost its district seat . As compensation, the city was given the status of large district town .

The Silberberg Association of Cities has existed since 1996 and includes Aue as well as Schneeberg, Schwarzenberg, Bad Schlema, Lauter and Lößnitz. The long-term goal is a merger to form a city of Silberberg.

Merger with Bad Schlema to form the large district town of Aue-Bad Schlema

Aue and Bad Schlema have been part of the major district town of Aue-Bad Schlema since January 1, 2019 . This is a first important step towards merging in the region. In October 2018, the Saxon Ministry of the Interior issued the approval for the merger, the certificate of which was handed over to the two city administrations on October 22nd in a small ceremony in the town hall of Au.

Population development

The number of inhabitants has declined since reunification due to the emigration of young families and the higher number of deaths compared to births. In 1998 the number fell below 20,000 and is now around 17,000.

year Residents
1551 about 300-350
(26 possessed men , 19 cottagers , 27 residents)
1560 0350
1748 about 500
(96 possessed men)
1790 0790
1839 1.006
and 263 (Auerhammer, Neudörfel,
1855 1,529
1871 2.237
and 520 (Auerhammer, Neudörfel,
1875 2,677
1880 3,523
1890 6.004
and 1.180 (Auerhammer, Neudörfel,
1895 8,400
year Residents
1900 15,200
1910 19,363
and 1,696 (Auerhammer, Neudörfel)
1925 21.296
and 1.764 (Auerhammer)
1933 1 25,836
1939 25,445
and part of the
Bernsbach community (Oct. 1, 1939)
1946 25,567
1950 40,747
1958 31,840
1964 31,720
1970 30,960
1971 32,000
1981 28,914
1988 26,660
1990 25,765
year Residents
2000 19,422
2001 19,124
2002 18,961
2003 18,759
2004 18,611
2005 18,327
2006 18,029
2007 (June) 18,000
2009 17,533
2010 17,447
2011 17,326
2012 16,879
2013 16,614
2014 16,617
2016 16,235
2017 16,012
1 Incorporation completed
Data sources: 1950: Aue literature
- 40 years of everyday life in the GDR , p. 9; until 1990: Digital historical directory of Saxony and literature Aue, mosaic stones of history …; from 1998: State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony; 1
Graphic overview
Population development of Aue (Saxony) .svg
Between 1551 and 2016
Population development of Aue (Saxony) - from 1871
Detail from 1871

With the merger between Aue and Bad Schlema on January 1, 2019, the new large district town with almost 21,000 inhabitants is the most populous city in the Ore Mountains . As before, the administrative offices will remain in Aue, Goethestrasse 5 and Bad Schlema, Joliot-Curie-Strasse 13. Initially, all of the resident registration tasks will continue to be carried out in both facilities. For the time being, nothing will change in the postcodes or license plates. The 16 duplicate street names will be changed gradually and with the inclusion of citizens' opinions.


Peace Church on the Zeller Berg

Religious life in the pre-Reformation period was determined by the monks of the Augustinian canons' cell. They organized the church services and looked after the sick in the Auer parish, which was probably built in the 13th century and included the neighboring villages of Bockau (until 1546) and Zschorlau (until 1737). In the course of the Reformation in Ernestine Saxony, a first Lutheran clergyman was appointed in 1529. Since then, the evangelical denomination has been most strongly represented among the city's believers. Today Aue is the seat of the Evangelical Lutheran Superintendent of Aue and has the two parishes of Aue St. Nicolai with the Nicolaikirche and Aue -zelle with the Friedenskirche as well as the Saxon community deaconess house . In addition, there is a parish of the regional church community in the city , the Evangelical Methodist parish of Aue with the Christ Church, the Evangelical Methodist parish of Aue-Neudörfel with the Andreas Chapel as well as communities of the Seventh-day Adventists and the New Apostolic Church .

After further workers immigrated from Catholic Bohemia , Silesia and Italy in the 19th century , the Roman Catholic Aue branch was set up in 1907 , which in addition to Aue included the places Eibenstock , Hartenstein, Johanngeorgenstadt , Zwickau and Zwönitz, initially had around 4050 parish members and in 1915 built the parish church of Mater Dolorosa . After the downsizing of the community through the outsourcing of most of the parish places in the interwar years, it experienced a renewed upswing through the influx of expellees from the former German eastern regions and miners from western Germany. In 2005, the city's Roman Catholic parish had around 1,500 members. Next to the church Auer It includes Mater dolorosa the affiliated churches of St. Pius X in Schneeberg, the Chapel of St. Joseph in Eibenstock, the chapel Precious Blood in Schönheide and the Catholic Church of St. John in Lößnitz.

In 1970 the first ecumenical service with the Catholics took place in the Protestant St. Nicolai Church , which has been held twice a year since then.

Towards the end of the 19th century, some Jewish families from Eastern Europe settled in Saxony, and there were also the first Jewish residents in Aue. They expanded the trade in goods and had department stores, including the Schocken department store, converted from existing buildings. In 1925 there were 29 Jews in the city, which corresponded to 0.14 percent of the total population. As part of the anti-Semitic National Socialist legislation, the Schocken family was expropriated and the department store was renamed Merkur . The renowned cotton weaving mill S. Wolle had to be named after its “Aryan” owner Curt Bauer because of its Jewish founder. According to contemporary witnesses, the window of a lingerie shop on Wettiner Strasse was smashed during the Reichspogromnacht . No documents are available about any deportations .

Overview: absolute figures, in brackets in percent
year Residents Protestant Catholics other Christians Jews
1925 21,296 20,170 (94.7) 00501 (2.35) 0025 (0.12) 29 (0.14)
1933 25,836 23,797 (92.1) 00612 (2.37) 0003 (0.01) 18 (0.07)
May 17, 1939 22,809 15,435 (67.7) 00771 (3.38) 0472 (2.07) 14 (0.06)
2005 18,000 ? 1,300 1 (2.3) > 200 2 (1.1) ?

1 Aue, Schneeberg, Eibenstock, Schönheide and Lößnitz catchment areas
2 estimated from the information provided by the existing parishes


New start in 1990

After the unification of the two German states in 1990, the city's administrative bodies were completely restructured. The highest local authority was the city administration with the mayor (today: Lord Mayor), the city council, members of party factions, committees and offices with subject areas. In 1993, the Saxon municipal code came into force.

City council

City council election 2014
Turnout: 42.3% (2009: 41.6%)
n. k.
FW Aue
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
+ 4.5  % p
+ 4.7  % p.p.
-1.0  % p
-2.3  % p
-7.2  % p
+ 3.3  % p.p.
-2.5  % p
+ 0.4  % p
FW Aue
4th 6th 
A total of 22 seats

From the municipal council election on May 25, 2014 until the municipal merger, the 22 seats of the city council were distributed among the individual groups as follows:

Political party CDU FWA LEFT SPD ALdU total
Seats 9 6th 4th 2 1 22nd

FWA: Aue Free Electoral Association; FBA: Free Citizens' Forum Aue; ALdU: Auer list of independents

The city council advises on factual issues and prepares votes in the committees for administration, urban development and culture / social / school / sport.


Heinrich Kohl (CDU) has been head of the city of Aue since 1999. Since August 1, 2008, the mayor has been officially called the mayor .

The mayor is supported by the alderman and the offices of the main office / real estate, finance, order / environment, building, school and social affairs, as well as the employees of the business development / tourism / city marketing department.

The following table shows the previous mayors of Aue and their terms of office.

Surname Term of office; comment
Maximilian Kretschmar February 14, 1889-1913
Arthur Hoffmann 1913-1934;
since 1924 first mayor
Franz Pillmayer (NSDAP) 1934-1939
Paul Geipel 1940-1945
Max Ziegler May to June 1945;
Acting Mayor
Hermann Graf June to August 1945;
Acting Mayor
Friedrich Lange August 1945 to January 1946
Alfred Franz February 1946 to September 1946
(Dr.) Hennig September to November 1946
Johannes Heinz December 1946 to October 1949
Surname Term of office; comment
Otto Schmutzler November 1949 to January 1950
Max Ebert February to December 1950
Felix Unger December 1950 to 1952
Kurt Mueller 1952-1954
Otto Stange 1954-1956
Emil Schuster 1956-1970
Gotthold Scheinpflug 1970-1988
Horst Uhlig 1988 to June 20, 1990
Emanuel Klan (CDU) 1990 to August 31, 1999
Heinrich Weather December 31, 1998 to October 31, 1999;
Representative of the district administrator to
carry out the mayor's official business
Heinrich Kohl (CDU) November 1, 1999 to December 31, 2018
With the merger of Aue and Bad Schlema , Kohl was officially elected Lord Mayor.


Mayoral election 2006

In the mayoral election on September 17, 2006 in the town of Aue in the Aue-Schwarzenberg district, 15,515 people were eligible to vote. The turnout was 41.5% (6445 votes). 88 votes were invalid.

candidate Political party Absolute votes Share of votes
in percent
Heinrich Kohl CDU 4337 68.2
Hans-Jürgen Rutsatz Individual applicants 1077 16.9
Jens Berghold FWA 943 14.9
total - 6357 100

Heinrich Kohl was elected as full-time mayor for a second term of office.

Elections to the district council and district administrator in 2008

After a district and territorial reform in Saxony, new elections for the district council and the district administrator were held at the beginning of June 2008. Of the 15,354 Auern eligible to vote, 3,648 (23.8%) cast their vote. 1.2% of the votes were invalid. The following election result for the district administrator is available from the district town of Aue :

Political party candidate be right in percent
CDU Frank Vogel 2119 58.8
The left Klaus Jürgen Tischendorf 1030 28.6
FWE Marcel Schmidt 248 6.8
NPD Mario Loeffler 133 3.7
Individual applicants Kurt Udo Hertwich 75 2.1
total - 3605 100

In the second ballot, Frank Vogel was elected as District Administrator of the Erzgebirgskreis with 55.8% of the vote.

Of the 15,362 eligible voters for the district election, 5,705 (37.1%) cast their votes. 212 votes (3.7%) were invalid. The following election result for the district council is available from the district town of Aue in the constituency Aue-Schwarzenberg:

Political party Absolutely Share of votes in percent
CDU 5817 37.2
The left 3718 23.7
FWE 1735 11.1
FDP 1527 9.8
SPD 1266 8.1
NPD 0846 5.4
Green 0532 3.4
DSU 0201 1.3
total 15,642 100

Town twinning

During GDR times, there were partnerships with Genoa , with which a joint friendship committee was founded in 1963 and delegations were exchanged, and since 1983 with the Bulgarian town of Panagjurischte in the Pasardshik district, after which Bockauer Straße was named until 1990. The two partnership agreements were not extended after the end of the GDR.

The partnership with the North Rhine-Westphalian city of Solingen goes back to connections established in the 1950s between the sports organizations BSG Aufbau Aue-Bernsbach and SV Jahn 09 from Solingen. On April 26, 1990, a contract was signed at the municipal level with the aim of promoting friendly relationships and cooperation on all levels of social and cultural life. Particularly noteworthy is the comprehensive and quick help provided by the twin city after the floods in 2002, when a donation of 300,000 euros was made available and support was provided on a private basis.

Since November 30, 2003, there has been a partnership with the Czech city of Kadaň , with which a diverse cooperation at municipal and company level and in the areas of tourism, culture, sport and education is sought.

The latest partnership was sealed on May 9, 2011 with the French city of Guingamp . To this end, a town twinning committee Aue / Sachsen eV was founded in Aue , which, together with the already existing Saxon-Breton Society , wants to develop or deepen economic, socio-cultural, sporting and club activities.

Since November 1, 2004, the city has been a member of the Erzgebirge regional management, a regional initiative of the Erzgebirgskreis and ten other municipalities in the Erzgebirge .

Auer city coat of arms on the former Sparkasse building (flag opposite)

coat of arms

The Auer coat of arms goes back to a first known version from 1629, which represented a simple wooden bridge with a railing over indicated water. . Decision No 478 of Auer City Council of 24 March 2004 the coat of arms since 1895 in use is as follows emblazoned : "In blue on corrugated silver water surface in the form of a shaft shield foot above the other two golden wooden bridges with two red flags on the railing." Thus, the two wooden bridges over the Mulde (sand bridge) and the Schwarzwasser (cell bridge) are symbolized. Since the beginning of the 16th century, these were the only traffic connections over the rivers, apart from fords, and especially important for mining and metallurgy. Although these bridges were replaced by stone ones in the 18th century, the wooden ones remained in the coat of arms.

Economy and industry

Mining, mechanical engineering, textile industry, arts and crafts

The occurrences of granite , phyllite , slate , andalusite mica rock , red gneiss , lead ore formations , bismuth - cobalt - nickel - silver formations and skarn with the main components iron , tin , cobalt and uranium in the floodplains and in the surrounding hills formed the basis for a comprehensive mining industry in the city. The most important mining products in Aue initially included iron ores, from the 17th century tin ores, kaolin , cobalt ores and, in the 20th century, uranium ores. The important Auer factories Nickelhütte and Halbzeugwerk Auerhammer as well as some residential areas have their origins in this branch of industry.

The bobbin craft , which came to the Ore Mountains in the 16th century through immigrants, developed in house manufactories and local parlors. The bobbin lace found more and more customers all over Europe over the centuries. Lace-making is now practiced as a folk art in small manufactories and lace shops. Some schools in the Ore Mountains, such as the school for the mentally handicapped on the Brünlasberg, teach the craft as a subject. In weaving mills, cloth and machine factories, textiles were produced and processed on a large scale or corresponding machines were manufactured.

As in other Erzgebirge towns, miners initially carved small figures such as angels or miners in historical parade attire as an after-work activity. These were given away to relatives and friends. At the beginning of the 20th century, it became a separate branch of the arts and crafts.

After the end of uranium ore mining in 1991, the newly founded Wismut Development Company (later Wismut GmbH ) began with the rehabilitation and implementation of heaps and the removal of the long-term effects of the construction of shafts . The Saxon state government provided extensive funding for the rehabilitation of the uranium mining dumps. The beginning of 2008 began renovation work on the heap 296 in Alberoda and Verwahrarbeiten the slot 315 on the Zeller Berg, who in 1950 for uranium mining sunk had been and broke about seven feet deep at the beginning of the 21st century.

The research project Regional Seismological Monitoring in the Aue-Zwickau area , a cooperation between the Institute for Geophysics and Geology at the University of Leipzig and the Bergakademie Freiberg in cooperation with Wismut GmbH, focuses on the seismic events caused by the flooding of the former Aue-Alberoda mining area and evaluates them out.


Hotel Blauer Engel on the Altmarkt

The Hotel Blauer Engel was founded in the 17th century and is considered to be the oldest inn in the city. After 1990 the house was re-privatized and renovated until 1995. A central tower tower and stucco decoration brought back something of the historical shape of the building. Inside, the rooms have been adapted to a higher level of guest comfort. The restaurant Hutzen Haisel (see also: Hutzenstube ) was opened in 1969, after 1990 it was empty for a few years. Then it was privatized, reconstructed, reopened in 2006 and mainly serves local food. Other hotels and restaurants that arose with the busy travel activity at the beginning of the 20th century were closed or used for other purposes, for example as sales facilities, residential or commercial buildings. In the first years of the 21st century, the accommodation sector improved mainly through the establishment of pensions and holiday apartments.

Established businesses

Refurbished and converted factory building of the former textile machine factory, on the left in the foreground a piece of the former drying tower of a predecessor factory

After the collapse of the GDR , many of the city's large companies were closed or sold, including the Auer Cutlery and Silverware Works (ABS) , the SDAG Wismut , sheet metal processing factories , laundries and foundries. Other companies were privatized or re-privatized and expanded into marketable companies through rationalization and modernization of the plants.

For his economically successful activity, the managing director of Nickelhütte Aue , Peter Koch, received honorary citizenship of the city of Aue in 2005. The Gebrüder Leonhardt GmbH & Co KG Blema Kircheis (packaging machines), the company Xetma Vollenweider GmbH with their production facility in Alberoda (textile finishing machines ), the AWEBA Werkzeugbau GmbH Aue (supplier to the automotive industry) and the Auerhammer Metallwerk GmbH (temporary shutdown in 1990, then a new start with Flat rolled products, nickel products) continue the traditions of Auer mechanical engineering. After the reprivatisation of the Curt Bauer weaving mill, the Auer textile industry re-established itself among the German manufacturers of high-quality table and bed linen.

Factory buildings of disused factories were demolished (especially on the banks of rivers) or converted for other purposes. After its closure, for example, the large production hall of the Textima factory in the center of the old town with its characteristic 25 meter high tower was gutted, renovated in accordance with listed buildings and converted into a heavily frequented shopping center ( Simmel ). The former eight-story drying tower of a cloth bleaching plant was reduced by two floors, restored and serves as an office and commercial building.

As of June 30, 2011, the official city ​​portal listed 45 establishments, 64 medical practices, 389 craft businesses and 230 tradespeople.


Electricity, gas and heat

After a gas works, an electricity works and many decentralized heating works had been built in Aue since the beginning of the 20th century, today the providers of natural gas, electrical energy and district heating of the city are combined in the Stadtwerke Aue , founded in 1994 , whose administrative headquarters are in a listed building in the Mühlstrasse is located. The supply area extends beyond the city limits of Aue.


Since the early 1950s, drinking water has been coming from the Sosa reservoir near Eibenstock via a ring network . For centuries, the city's wastewater was discharged into the rivers, and it was only from the middle of the 20th century that a larger sewage treatment plant on the outskirts of the city could be put into operation.

In reunified Germany, the provision of drinking water and sewage drainage for Aue are the responsibility of the Westerzgebirge waterworks association (master area Aue) based in Schwarzenberg .

Road traffic

View of the Becherweg (S255) in the southeast of the city

The initially unpaved roads on which horse-drawn vehicles transport the goods were paved in the second half of the 19th century after the new factories were built. In addition, new roads and bridges were added. After the First World War, a powerful bus network was built to secure works traffic, so that around 1927 there were 100 lines in Aue. In 2008 there are only four inner-city bus connections and 25 lines to other localities. The Central Saxon Transport Association is responsible for all bus transport . The station bridge , completed in 1937, played an outstanding role in improving road traffic and eliminated the consequences of a bottleneck at the level crossing .

After the Second World War, some road construction work was carried out for uranium mining. In the decades that followed, the existing roads proved to be sufficient for individual and delivery traffic. From 1990/91, major changes were necessary when the number of private vehicles skyrocketed, rail freight traffic declined and the use of trucks increased. Aue is connected to the road network via three federal highways, three state highways and two district roads. The B 101, which leads into the city from Annaberg-Buchholz, joins the B 169 in the city center , which crosses the Aue in a north-east-west direction. The B 283 leads from the upper Vogtland through the south-west of the city and joins the B 101 at the Altmarkt. The state road S 222 begins at Dr.-Otto-Nuschke-Straße and connects the city in an east-northeast direction with Selva . State road 255 crosses the northeast of the city and leads north to the Hartenstein junction of Autobahn 72 . In order to improve the traffic situation in the long term, the federal traffic route plan drawn up in 2003 provides for the urgent relocation of the B 101 in Aue (relief of the town center). The connection between Schwarzenberger Strasse and Lößnitzer Strasse at the foot of the Zeller Berg with crossing of the railway line and Rudolf-Breitscheid-Strasse is planned as a bridge structure. The connection of the B 283 is to take place by converting the disused railway line to Blauenthal at the level of the Erdmann-Kircheis vocational school center. These suggestions are in the process of being weighed up. Implementation dates have not yet been set.

Rail transport

Station area with the remains of the dismantled freight tracks, the station building and a diesel multiple unit of the Erzgebirgsbahn, as of 2008

In the past, Aue (Sachs) station was an important railway junction on the Chemnitz – Aue – Adorf and Schwarzenberg – Zwickau lines . The former was interrupted in 1975 west of Aue due to the construction of the Eibenstock dam . The remaining line from Aue to Blauenthal has also been closed for several years ; the tracks were dismantled. The route was gradually converted to the Muldental cycle path until 2013 .

When the Deutsche Bahn AG (DB AG) emerged after 1989 from the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Deutsche Reichsbahn, renovations and partial dismantling of railway lines and stations were carried out on the basis of agreements between the Free State of Saxony and DB AG for several million D-Marks . The Auer freight track system was dismantled, but the area was no longer used, so it lies fallow. RegioNetze was created for passenger transport with the Erzgebirgsbahn subsidiary. The Aue station site was renovated by 2003 and connected to the existing bus routes. Facilities that were no longer required, such as the depot , the station building and the Aue 2 signal box , were initially shut down and completely demolished by 2008.

Aue is connected to the local rail transport via two lines of the Erzgebirgsbahn . The Zwönitztalbahn runs from Chemnitz via Thalheim into the city and is served every two hours during the day. The route from Zwickau via Aue to Johanngeorgenstadt is driven every hour . There is no direct connection to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn .

In connection with further restructuring of the rail traffic, further modifications of the Auer Bahnhof took place from the 2010s: among other things, it became barrier-free . A complete shutdown of the railway line for passenger traffic (a "cancellation of the Chemnitz – Aue railway line") was prevented by active citizens' initiatives with the support of the city administration. In the summer of 2016, the Verkehrsverbund Mittelachsen (VMS) decided to run trains from Thalheim to Aue every hour. The Chemnitz model used here , a regional light rail system for linking railway and tram routes, with which trams ensure the track connection to the surrounding areas, is rated as a great success by all those involved.

Medical supplies

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the inhabitants could be treated medically in hospitals (at that time accommodation for travelers and those in need), with elixirs from pharmacies and by herbalists. During the Catholic period, monks looked after the sick, later Bader and, from 1869, a general practitioner as "poor doctor, police and vaccine doctor" provided medical help. The situation only improved significantly when a hospital started operating on the Zeller Berg in 1931. During the Second World War, some departments of the hospital and other suitable premises in the city served as a military hospital . From 1945, a separate children's clinic was available next to the hospital, which had been on the way from Tilsit with a refugee route and which could be set up in earlier sanatorium buildings.

After the lively influx of uranium mining workers from 1946 onwards, polyclinics were set up in the newly created city districts . The hospital, named in 1954 after its sponsor Ernst Scheffler Ernst Scheffler Hospital , in which the first GDR's own artificial kidney Aue I was developed in 1960 , and outpatient facilities (today converted into medical centers) ensured the medical care of the residents of Aue and the Neighboring places. In 1991 the hospital was renamed Klinikum Aue and in 1998 it became the property of Helios Kliniken . Around 1,000 people are employed here and around 55,000 inpatients are treated annually.

In 2008 there were 64 medical practices as well as 33 pharmacies and therapy facilities available in addition to the Helios Clinic.

Residential development

Development on Wettinerplatz

With the industrial development in the 19th and 20th centuries, old houses were replaced by new buildings, but these hardly corresponded to today's living ideas. In the 1950s, extensive new construction work began to provide housing for those employed in uranium mining and their families.

Today's city center is characterized by a multi-storey square development with a few gaps and new buildings, which continues in the peripheral areas. On the exit roads, two- to four-story houses that accompany the road usually define the cityscape. Aue has around 11,000 residential units (as of 2007) , 40.8 percent of which are owned by the four major landlords Auer Wohnungsbaugesellschaft mbH , "Wismut" Aue / Lößnitz eG , housing cooperative e. G. Aue cell and brothers Leonhardt + Dr. Winkler Immobilien & Co KG , the remaining 59.2 percent are privately owned. About 83 percent of all residential units are rented, the rest are used by the owners themselves.

Squares and streets

Fountain on the Altmarkt, autumn 2008

Today's Altmarkt, with its low peripheral buildings, was the first settlement core of the place and remained largely unchanged for centuries. It was not until the 20th century that taller buildings were added. The former town hall directly on the market square was demolished and paving stones were laid in its place. Even after that, the site was redesigned several times. About two thirds of the costs of the last major change in 2004 and 2005 could be financed from the European Fund for Regional Development . Other streets and squares such as Anton-Günther-Platz and Schillerplatz were also refurbished after 1990.


Bridges play an important role in Aue both for traffic management and for the growing together of the city districts. For centuries there were only two wooden bridges that crossed the rivers Zwickauer Mulde and Schwarzwasser and were included in the coat of arms as defining the city. Today there are around 60 bridges of various sizes in Aue. Of these, 22 connect the banks of the Zwickauer Mulde within the urban area. Eight bridges lead over the Schwarzwasser, 30 bridges cross the small streams (Alberodaer Bach, Lößnitzbach, Zschorlaubach, Lumpichbach and Floßgraben), eight are used for rail traffic. Aue is nicknamed the city ​​of bridges because of the many crossings .

The station bridge is considered to be of particular technical value due to its construction in prestressed concrete. Other bridges have modest decorations, including the Schul and Schiller Bridge. Most of the city's bridges were renovated after the fall of the Wall and blend into the cityscape. The Lößnitztalbrücke leads the state road 255 to the Autobahn 72 and was rebuilt from 2004 to 2006.

Culture, education, sport and clubs


The regional section "Auer Zeitung" of the Chemnitz daily newspaper Freie Presse reports on local events . The Auer Tageblatt was published from 1906 to 1937 . The Erzgebirge People's Friend had existed since 1848, and its publication only ended in 1945. Its editions from April 1 to June 14 are an important source of information for the time at the end of the Second World War .

city ​​Park

Park attendant on the Heidelsberg

The Auer Stadtpark , which was laid out on the slopes of the Heidelsberg for recreational purposes at the end of the 19th century, was repeatedly adapted to current tastes in the following decades with walking paths, benches, flower beds and the construction of a park guard on the top of the mountain. The first summer toboggan run in Germany, built here on the slope, was an attraction for large and well-attended folk festivals. After the Second World War, there was neither the money nor the capacity to maintain the parks due to the rapid population increase due to uranium mining. The paths fell into disrepair and the summer toboggan run had to be removed. The city administration, on the other hand, had a ski jumping facility designed for children and young people and an open-air stage built in the city park. In this way, the Park Festival , which is held annually in August, was retained as an important folk festival until 1962. The largest building in the park, the historic park control room, has been neglected. Only with the privatization of the restaurant and the revival of park events did the city park become a sight again.


The Aue zoo was created in 1960 for the most part in the National Reconstruction Project under the direction of the initiator Wilhelm Häberer on the site of the former school garden of the Pestalozzi School. In 1964 the 100,000 visitors were welcomed.

A zoo support association founded in 1991 prevented the planned closure of the zoo. In 2005 it became the zoo der minis e.V. V. , after the zoo specialized in the keeping and breeding of lesser-known small animals such as squirrel-sized monkeys, sheep-sized cattle and kangaroo rats. This small animal zoo has at least 70 different animal species and a total of around 300 individual animals (as of 2009). Annual zoo festivals are held together with the city administration .


Erzgebirgsstadion (now structurally changed), in the background Lößnitztalbrücke

The FC Erzgebirge Aue is the most famous sports club in the city. The traditional football club was founded in 1946, was active for a long time as BSG Wismut Aue and has been GDR champions several times. Since 2003/04 - interrupted by three years of the 3rd division, 2008 to 2010 and 2016 - the team has played in the 2nd Bundesliga . A stadium was built for the club in 1950 that bore the name Otto Grotewohls and has been called the Erzgebirgsstadion since 1991 . Other sports fields belong to the stadium area. In addition to football, the club also had volleyball , wrestling , bowling , archery , gymnastics and gymnastics sections .

The second well-known club from Aue is the EHV Aue ( Erzgebirgische Handballverein Aue ), which emerged in 1990 from the handball department of the BSG Wismut Aue. The club has played in the 2nd handball league without interruption since 2012 . The club plays its home games in the Erzgebirgshalle in the neighboring town of Lößnitz .

The sports hall built in 1959/60 on the Zeller Berg, the neighboring swimming pool, which was inaugurated in 1976, and outdoor pools are available for clubs, schools and private individuals. Since 2006, the Sparkasse has been organizing the Erzgebirge company run , a relay race on an inner-city circuit with four participants each from Auer companies.

Regular festivals

- arranged according to the chronology of the year -

Philharmonic ball

The members of the Erzgebirge Philharmonic organize a dance ball on three floors of the Auer Kulturhaus at the beginning of each year . In addition to the music of the Philharmonic, bands appear. This event started in 2010.

Robert Schumann Street Festival

This festival, which honors the composer Robert Schumann , has been taking place on the sports field in Robert-Schumann-Straße since May 2006 . Small music groups introduce themselves to the public.

City festival

In 2005 the city administration established the Auer city festival . Small businesses, youth groups and traditional associations from the city are involved in the event, which is primarily designed for tourists. The city festival takes place annually on the third weekend in July on Anton-Günther-Platz. It opens with a gun salute, the mayor pokes a beer barrel , there are cultural events on the fairground and some rides offer their services. In the evening there is a lantern parade for the little ones in the city center and a fireworks display with a laser show ends the eventful day.

Wood carving symposium

Artists from the eponart group are invited to create sculptures in public and for public spaces . Organizationally and financially, the symposium is supported by the city council, Auer Stadtwerke and Sparkasse Aue. This cultural event began in 2002 as a flood aid, but has since established itself - albeit irregularly - in the summer.

Stadtwerke Cup

Since 2008, a junior five-a-side football tournament, sponsored by Auer Stadtwerke, has been taking place in May , in which teams of pupils from all Auer schools can take part.

Zoo and pub festival

The annual zoo festival on the last Sunday in May is a tourist attraction . Cultural events take place in and around the Zoo of the Minis , and the zoo employees offer guided tours. The festival was only canceled in 2019. In 2020 the motto is 60 years of Tiergarten Aue .

From the year 2000 until at least 2009, the city administration of Aue organized an annual pub festival for visitors in restaurants and mobile festival tents, which were set up at various locations in the city. Drinks and regional food were offered and music events with rock, blues and pop music were held. All participating restaurants could be visited with the same ticket. In 2009 ten pubs took part in the festival, which is supported by several sponsors.

Erzgebirge performance show

On September 17, 2016, the Western Ore Mountains Exhibition - Out of love for the region, celebrated its premiere in the city garden at the Carolateich. 40 craftsmen and tradespeople showed their products, offered jobs and apprenticeships. The show was accompanied by a large family celebration.


In autumn 2014, the first Oktoberfest based on the Bavarian model took place in Aue. For this purpose, the organizers set up a large heated beer tent on Anton-Günther-Platz, in which beer was served and music played. The response was good.

Christmas Market
Christmas market on the Altmarkt on Schwarzenberger Strasse: Hotel Blauer Engel on the left, pyramid on the right

As early as the 1930s, a Christmas market with children's rides, food stalls and the sale of traditional folk art items took place on the Altmarkt . A large motor-driven pyramid with painted wooden figures (first erected in 1935) forms the center. The Christmas market starts every year with a public pyramid push. In 2000, a parade of living pyramid figures was added as a further attraction on the evening before the push- off .

In 1990 the revival of old mining customs began with a mountain parade and the Raachermannelmarkt (smoker's market), which always begins on the Saturday before the First Advent.

Park festivals

The first park festivals , which took place in the city ​​park until 1939, except for an interruption in the First World War , were resumed in 1953 and continued until 1962. After the establishment of new cultural events in the GDR era, such as the festival weeks as part of the workers' festival and the festival of song and dance in and around the Kulturhaus, which was launched in 1970 , the park festivals were discontinued in the late 1980s.

Erzgebirge ensemble

Listed cultural center in the city garden

The Erzgebirgsensemble Aue , formed in 1963 in the Kulturhaus Aue , was preserved after the political change through the commitment of the artists employed there and continues the traditions of dialect singing and mining music. The Kulturhaus has concert halls and theaters and houses the following cultural institutions: Art Aue Gallery, Erzgebirge Symphony Orchestra, District Music School, Erzgebirge Ensemble Aue, Blema Choir "Gerhard Hirsch" e. V., temporary exhibitions . The large hall offers space for 784 spectators. It is a listed building and was combined with the Museum Schloss Schwarzenberg in 2000 to form the cultural center of the Aue-Schwarzenberg district.


The following compilation does not claim to be complete.

Local and hiking association

A local and hiking association founded in Zell in 1876 for the care of the Erzgebirge cultural assets, to promote the idea of ​​home and the hiking movement as well as nature conservation with some local branches was active until the end of the Second World War. After 1955 former Erzgebirger in the Federal Republic of the Ore Mountain Club had re-established, the association's activities in 1990 in Zschorlau resumed with a similar objective as the 1876th With the support of the city administration, the association laid out a cultural trail in 1996, which connects the mining facilities of the museum, the Vestenburger tunnel and the white earth mine .

Historical Mining Association Aue eV

The seat of this association, founded in 1995, is in the Parkschlösschen. It was created to preserve the remains of mining in the city and the surrounding area and to make them accessible to visitors. For members, friends and onlookers , the association annually organizes a mountain vesper at the Vestenburger Stolln visitor mine (Zwitterweg) with a small mountain lift.

Association for health care and healing arts

The 76 allotment gardens on the Eichert, established in 1886 by the association for natural health care and non-medicinal healing arts for the Aue and the surrounding area , still exist. Some have since been abandoned because of the steep slope. The members of the association built a clubhouse back in the 1970s.

Rabbit breeder

The allotment and breed rabbit breeding association S9 Auer Tal eV has existed since 1894 and celebrated its 120th anniversary in January 2015 with a large special show in the exhibition hall (formerly Disco Sunrise at Parkstrasse 48) on the Eichert .

Model flying club

The Aue-Alberoda eV model flying club was founded in the Alberoda district in 2008. It uses the former uranium dump in Alberoda as a training ground and for public demonstrations and hands-on events.

After the collapse of the GDR, other cultural, social and sports clubs were set up, including the Friends' Association Klösterleinzell . More than 150 clubs are active in Aue (as of 2008) .

Buildings and other sights

see also cultural monuments in Aue


Parish Church of St. Nicolai
  • The first church in today's urban area was probably built during the foundation of the cell monastery church in the 12th century. The Romanesque style monastery church on the road to the Alberoda district replaced an earlier wooden church building around 1230. After the monastery was dissolved, it was the village church of cell until 1914 and is used as a burial chapel.
  • In addition to the monastery church, there was a separate Auer parish with a church building on the former church square (today's Neumarkt) as early as the 13th century. After the destruction in the Thirty Years War, the church was rebuilt in the same place, demolished in 1895 and replaced by the new parish church of St. Nicolai in Aue on Schwarzenberger Straße. The Nikolaikirch parish also includes the chapels on the Eichert and in Auerhammer, consecrated in 1951 and 1960.
  • The community center of the Evangelical Church, built in 1908, is in the immediate vicinity of the Nicolaikirche
    Ev. Community house
    in the Bockauer Strasse.
  • The Zeller parish had the Friedenskirche (Aue cell) built as a parish church on the slope of the Zeller Berg from 1912 to 1914 .
  • The ensemble of church, rectory and church square of the Catholic community of Mater Dolorosa , built between 1913 and 1915, is located on Schneeberger Straße .
  • The Christ Church on Thomas-Mann-Strasse was consecrated in 1903 by the Episcopal Methodist Church. In 1968 this united with the Evangelical Community to form the Evangelical Methodist Church , to which the house of God has belonged ever since.
  • At the foot of the Heidelsberg (in Jägerstraße) stands the simple building of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, inaugurated in 1908 .
  • In Neudörfel there is the Methodist St. Andrew's Chapel on Ricarda-Huch-Straße and the New Apostolic Church in a functional architectural style on Hubertusstraße . The New Apostolic Church was built on the site of the former slaughterhouse and consecrated in 2000.
  • The small church in Alberoda was built by the builder Oskar Schuster from Alberoda and consecrated on October 28, 1951. The residents of the Auer district of Alberoda are parish to Lößnitz.
  • The regional church community has its central house in Niederschlema. The regional church communities are an independent, free work within the Protestant churches.

Public buildings

Former savings bank building with figurines, right behind the new town hall
Official building

The new town hall (initially called the town hall), built in 1889/1890 according to plans by the town architect Max Püschmann on Goethestrasse , was renovated after 1990 and today houses the town information office in addition to the town administration's offices . The renovation work meant that all issues relating to accessibility were taken into account, taking into account the preservation of historical monuments. That is the reason why the Auer Rathaus received the first Saxon Inclusion Award at the beginning of May 2014 . We are constantly working on further improvements to the welcoming culture.

The two official buildings of the Royal District Court with attached prison and the Royal Tax Office , which were built with the up-and-coming city at the turn of the 20th century, have been preserved and, after extensive reconstruction, continue to serve sovereign tasks in the period 2005–2007 as the district court or land registry .

In Wettinerstraße (between 1950 and 1991 Ernst-Thälmann-Straße ) there is an Art Nouveau- style building from 1924, which was built for the administration of the Wellner company . A department of the district office for the Erzgebirgskreis is housed in the house.

Post, fire brigade and police

The post office, built in 1912/1913 on what was then Ernst-Geßner-Platz (now Postplatz ), has been reconstructed and continues to serve as a post office and telecommunications office.

The Aue Voluntary Fire Brigade , founded in June 1870 as part of a gymnastics club, was separated from this club in 1875 and became independent. Over and above all financial difficulties, the men of the fire brigade carried out extinguishing operations, rescues and tasks in fighting floods. When the Aue Fire Brigade Command , an existing professional fire brigade in the GDR, was disbanded in 1990 , all responsibility for fire protection and assistance rested with the volunteer fire brigade. The city administration had a new fire station, including a hose tower, built on an area on the banks of the Mulde for around 6 million DM between 1994 and 1996 . Newer vehicles could also be purchased.

The building erected in Lessingstrasse in the 1930s as the NSDAP party headquarters served the Soviet city command from 1945. The Auer police station has been located there since 1991 with the Aue, Eibenstock, Lauter, Lößnitz and Schneeberg departments and is responsible for the municipalities of Bernsbach, Bockau, Bad Schlema, Schönheide, Sosa, Stützengrün and Zschorlau. It looks after a total of around 92,000 residents.

Savings and banks

The management of the residents' savings, the financing of investments and construction activities are carried out by numerous banks and credit institutions. In the early years of industrialization, the Stadtsparkasse (1881), branches of the Chemnitzer Bankverein (1897), the Leipziger Bank (1899–1901), the Reichsbank (1901), the Allgemeine Deutsche Credit-Anstalt , the Deutsche Bank and the Vereinsbank were included Aue was founded. Between autumn 1945 and the collapse of the GDR, only the Sparkasse , the German Central Bank (State Bank of the GDR) and a commercial bank existed in the city. After that, banking institutes resettled in Aue, which renovated and used historic buildings or built new ones. Branches of the Erzgebirgssparkasse and other large and small German credit institutions are now available in Aue .

city ​​Museum

In a historic Huthaus 17th century on the mountain freedom home enthusiasts early 20th century taught with first showpieces a local history museum , which is a tradition place ore mining or the Museum of mining engineering and mining history to City Museum changed. A permanent exhibition shows details of the town's history and the development of mining in the Au area. In addition, the museum organizes solo exhibitions on current topics. In autumn 2008 there was an exhibition on the history of the railway in the Western Ore Mountains, followed by an exhibition in 2008 on the history of bells .

Schools and city library
Clemens Winkler High School

The historically developed schools in the city center and in the outer districts were adapted to the respective requirements in terms of organization and equipment. In 2008 there were seven elementary, middle and high schools, three special schools, one vocational, technical, music and adult education center and several training and further education institutes in the Auer urban area. The Albrecht Dürer School on Postplatz, which opened in 1896, is worth mentioning . It celebrates its 120th anniversary on September 24, 2016 with the publication of a calendar for 2017.

The city's library, founded in 1879, is located on Schillerplatz after several moves and extensions and has a total of 33,000 units. In the community center Aue at the post office location there is one, founded by members of the church environmental group Ökopax since 1990 Umweltbibliothek whose support the 1996 Green League is Saxony.

Monuments, sculptures and more

Cenotaph for Soviet prisoners of war
Fountain gossip

There are numerous monuments, memorials, memorial plaques, fountains, sculptures and other works of art throughout the city, including at least 12 larger monuments (for individuals, groups of people or events), 22 memorial plaques, three fountains and countless sculptures in public spaces in May 2009 .

Those honored with memorial stones are people who are directly connected to Aue such as Karl August Müller (the founder of the allotment garden association) or Siegfried Sieber (local researcher). There are also monuments to famous namesake schools, bridges and other buildings and, above all, several places of honor for the dead of the various wars.

On October 3, 2011, a memorial for German unity was inaugurated in the city near the Klatschweiberbrunnen.

Only a remnant piece of the post milestone pillar in private ownership has survived.

The distribution boxes, transformer stations and gas control systems that have been decorated with graffiti since 2010 on behalf of Auer Stadtwerke are worth mentioning . The action continued in 2018.

See also: List of stumbling blocks in Aue


Some of the people born in Aue have achieved national fame. These include the honorary citizen Gustav Hiltmann (1850–1931), co-owner of the Hiltmann & Lorenz (HILO) company, city councilor and city councilor, Siegfried Sieber (1885–1977), educator, writer and local researcher, as well as the factory owners Alexander Bauer , weaving mill owner, and Peter Koch , Managing Director of Nickelhütte Aue GmbH.

Other people who helped shape the history of the city are Ernst August Papst (1843–1921), factory owner, who founded the general gymnastics club in 1862 and the volunteer fire brigade in Aue in 1870; he has a grave of honor in the St. Nicolai churchyard and a street bore his name; the artists Emil Teubner (1877–1958), wood carver and sculptor, and Kurt Teubner (1903–1990), painter and graphic artist. Important persons for the industrial development were Veit Hans Schnorr and Veit Hans Schnorr von Carolsfeld , owners of the Auer Hammer . The invention of the argent by Ernst August Geitner helped Aue to play a central role in the manufacture of metal tableware in Europe.


- Latest on top -

  • The street names of Aue - a city with many names , published by Stadtverwaltung Aue; 2016, ISBN 978-3-7386-5803-3
  • Flyer tour through Aue , published by Hotel Blauer Engel in Aue, 2007.
  • Siegfried Sieber: Festschrift for the 750th anniversary of the city of Aue in the Ore Mountains on May 7, 1923 . 1923, reprint 2007.
  • Ralf Petermann and Lothar Walther: Aue - 40 years of everyday life in the GDR , series of pictures from the GDR, Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2005, ISBN 3-89702-857-3 .
  • Katrin Keller: Small towns in the Electorate of Saxony - changes in a city landscape between the Thirty Years' War and industrialization . Verlag Böhlau, 2001, ISBN 3-412-11300-X .
  • Aue, mosaic stones of history , publisher: Stadtverwaltung Aue, printer and publisher Mike Rockstroh, Aue 1997.
  • Aue in the mirror of historical images of the 20s and 30s of the 20th century ; Geiger Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1993, ISBN 3-89264-829-8 .
  • Aue in the Erzgebirge , Geiger Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1991, ISBN 3-89264-600-7 .
  • Aue in the mirror of historical images; Industrial and urban development in the 19th century , Geiger Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1991, ISBN 3-89264-540-X .
  • City Council of Aue (ed.): 1173–1973 Aue. A city and its citizens , Aue 1973.
  • About Aue, Schwarzenberg and Johanngeorgenstadt (= values ​​of our homeland . Volume 20). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1972.
  • Siegfried Sieber: Aue and surroundings , Berlin 1927.
  • Max Grohmann : Aue. In: The Upper Ore Mountains and its Cities , pp. 1–28 of Chapter 3, Graser Annaberg 1903.
  • Richard Steche : Aue. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 8th booklet: Amtshauptmannschaft Schwarzenberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1887, p. 3.

Web links

Commons : Aue  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Historical postcards from Aue  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Aue  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Aue  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Press release from the Aue Town Hall on December 20, 2018: Merger of Bad Schlema with the large district town of Aue .
  2. Mineralienatlas - Aue, 2014
  3. ^ German Weather Service, normal period 1961–1990
  4. ^ Um Aue, Schwarzenberg and Johanngeorgenstadt , pp. 55f.
  5. Westliches Erzgebirge , Wir-Verlag Walter Weller, Aalen 1991, ISBN 3-924492-56-5 , pp. 42-45.
  6. Tree protection statute from 2003 (PDF; 64 kB)
  7. Info on Tree Day 2007
  8. a b c d Urban development concept for the district town of Aue, 2007 (PDF; 1.3 MB)
  9. ^ Um Aue, Schwarzenberg and Johanngeorgenstadt , p. 12.
  10. Codex Diplomaticus Saxoniae Regiae I, p. 397
  11. ^ Ernst Eichler and Hans Walther : Saxony. All city names and their history , Faber and Faber, Leipzig 2007, p. 42 f.
  12. Codex Diplomaticus Saxoniae Regiae I 3 pp. 194–197 No. 266, here p. 196 (line 34)
  13. Codex Diplomaticus Saxoniae Regiae I, p. B196
  14. ^ Ernst Költzsch: Complete directory of the Liber benefactorum in the Zwickau city archive. Termination book of the Zwickau Franciscans , 1996 (AMF series, 18)
  15. Aue, Mosaiksteine ​​der Geschichte , pp. 70–72
  16. Neue Sächsische Kirchengalerie, Ephorie Schneeberg , p. 219 ff.
  17. ^ Aue, Mosaiksteine ​​der Geschichte , pp. 24–25, 39, 62 and 70–72.
  18. Press release of the Auer city administration from April 19, 2016: “[…] Lina and Gerda Kaiser were forcibly committed to the Zwickau ghetto building on Wilhelmstrasse 54 (former furniture and goods credit house of Merkur Liebermann) on June 3, 1940. […] Gerda had been twice without a Jewish star on her coat and spent a month in the Zwickau prison. "
  19. ^ Website of the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial Accessed July 6, 2016.
  20. Press release of October 18, 2018: Handover of approval notice for the large district town of Aue-Bad Schlema .
  21. Neue Sächsische Kirchengalerie, p. 102ff.
  22. ^ History of the deaconess house on its homepage. Retrieved February 1, 2016 .
  23. ↑ Consecration of the altar in Aue for the 90th anniversary of the parish fair. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 7, 2009 ; Retrieved November 4, 2008 .
  24. a b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Aue. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  25. Homepages of the Evangelical and Catholic parishes in Aue
  26. Results of the 2014 municipal council elections
  27. Mayor election Aue-Bad Schlema 2019 , accessed on May 12, 2020.
  28. a b State Statistical Office of Saxony; District elections 2008
  29. ^ State Statistical Office of Saxony, district elections 2008
  30. Aue - 40 years of everyday life in the GDR , pp. 34–35.
  31. Brief information about Aue on the Solingen homepage ( Memento from February 10, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  32. ^ City partnership Aue - Kadan
  33. City homepage with information on the city partnership with Guingamp , accessed on June 13, 2020
  34. ^ Homepage of the regional management of the Erzgebirge , accessed on March 16, 2015.
  35. Aue in the Erzgebirge , p. 6.
  36. ^ History of the Brünlasberg School., accessed on October 1, 2013 .
  37. a b ( page no longer available , search in web archives: public announcements from January 2008 ).@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /
  38. ^ Website of the University of Leipzig with information on various geophysical research work
  39. Seismology in Saxony: Seismology network for earthquake observation in Saxony. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 7, 2009 ; accessed on May 15, 2015 .
  40. Homepage city administration to the economy
  41. a b c d e Facts and Figures., accessed on October 1, 2013 .
  42. coverage area. (No longer available online.), archived from the original on February 1, 2016 ; accessed on February 1, 2016 .
  43. ^ The Auer Ring ( Memento from December 18, 2015 in the Internet Archive ).
  44. Homepage Wasserwerke Westerzgebirge , accessed on October 18, 2018.
  45. Aue, ... historical pictures, ... 19. Century , p. 45.
  46. Central Saxony transport association
  47. Daily newspaper Freie Presse of October 6, 2008, calendar pages - 45 years ago : Last meeting of the railway depot , p. 14.
  48. Andreas Funkhänel: The railway has a long tradition in Aue… , October 2004 on the fan page for the steam train ( memento from July 15, 2007 in the Internet Archive ).
  49. Homepage of the Association of Historical Westsächsische Eisenbahnen e. V. .
  50. several articles by Falk Thomas in the Preß-Kurier , online.
  51. Homepage of the Erzgebirgsbahn .
  52. ↑ In the future, the tram should roll through to Aue on train tracks - a success for the people and the region! , Press release of the Auer city administration from October 20, 2016.
  53. Aue, ... pictures of the 20s and 30s ... , p. 61ff.
  54. Homepage of the Helios clinics .
  55. Lößnitztalbrücke in the "Brückenweb" database .
  56. According to the catalog available in numerous volumes in the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library , compare the information in the catalog [1] , accessed on March 5, 2015.
  57. Gareth Pritchard: No Man's Land. A History of Unoccupied Germany , 1944-1945, Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN 978-1-107-01350-6 , p. 232.
  58. MDR television broadcast “ Outsiders-Front-Rider ” on July 8, 2009.
  59. ^ Chronicle of the Auer Tiergarten ( memento from February 11, 2009 in the Internet Archive ).
  60. ^ Homepage of the Auer Sparkasse for the company run .
  61. a b Press release from the Aue town hall on the city festival on January 2, 2015.
  62. Press release from the Aue town hall on the city festival on April 24, 2014.
  63. Impressions from the Auer Stadtfest 2013 ( memento from February 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) on; accessed on February 1, 2016.
  64. Press release from the Aue town hall on the city festival on July 2, 2014.
  65. Press release from the Aue town hall on the city festival on May 16, 2014.
  66. Press release of the city of Aue: 8th Stadtwerke-Cup ; May 18, 2016.
  67. ^ Westerzgebirge performance show on September 17, 2016 in Aue ; accessed on September 22, 2016.
  68. Press release from the Aue town hall on the Oktoberfest; 19th September 2014.
  69. Reisezeit im Erzgebirge , newspaper of the Erzgebirge Tourist Association; 13th year, autumn / winter 2008.
  70. Flyer Kulturhaus Aue from May 2009.
  71. Aue in the Erzgebirge , p. 24.
  72. Aue, Mosaic Stones of History , p. 201 ff.
  73. Invitation to the Bergvesper of the Historischen Bergbauverein Aue eV , sent out by the press office of the town hall on November 21, 2017.
  74. Website for the Historisches Bergbauverein Aue eV , accessed on December 28, 2017.
  75. Homepage of the model flying club .
  76. - Homepage of the LKG .
  77. Press release from the town hall of April 2014: “On May 5, 2014 in Chemnitz, the Free State of Saxony will award the large district town of Aue the 1st Saxon Inclusion Prize in the barrier-free category for the town hall, Goethestraße 5. [...] Skilfully installed and taking into account the issues of monument protection and the architectural features of the house, there are elevators, lowered writing and reception areas, automatic door openers and many other aids for physically disabled people at important points. "
  78. ^ Homepage of the Aue Volunteer Fire Brigade .
  79. ^ Homepage of the Saxony Police ( Memento from December 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive ).
  80. Aue, Mosaic Stones of History , pp. 97-102.
  81. ^ Homepage of the city to the city museum .
  82. Press release from the Aue city administration: Calendar for the school festival ; 20th September 2016.
  83. Details on the media inventory of the Auer City Library .
  84. Information about the Au Environmental Library .
  85. ^ Graffiti on behalf of the Auer Stadtwerke , press release from the Auer Town Hall from April 19, 2018.
  86. ^ Information from the director of the Stadtmuseum, Ralf Petermann, from December 2007.
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on February 3, 2009 .