|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Annaberg-Buchholz|
|Area :||1,827.91 km 2|
|Residents:||334,948 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||183 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP|
|Circle key :||14 5 21|
|Circle structure:||59 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Frank Vogel ( CDU )|
|Location of the Erzgebirgskreis in Saxony|
The district encompasses almost the entire Saxon West and Middle Ore Mountains , from the ridge region on the German-Czech state border to the transition to the Ore Mountains basin between the cities of Chemnitz and Zwickau .
The highest point of the Erzgebirge and at the same time Saxony is at Fichtelberg .the
Other important rivers that run through the district are the Zwickauer Mulde , the largest flowing water, and the Flöha , which forms the geomorphological border to the Eastern Ore Mountains in the east .
The Eibenstock dam is the largest standing body of water .
In the more densely populated west and north, the Erzgebirgskreis borders clockwise on the Vogtlandkreis , the district of Zwickau and the independent city of Chemnitz, in the less populated east and south on the district of Central Saxony and the Ústí region and the Karlsbad region in the Czech Republic .
As part of the administrative reform of the state authorities , a Saxon district reform took place on August 1, 2008 , in which the districts of Aue-Schwarzenberg , Annaberg , Stollberg and Mittlerer Erzgebirgskreis with their at that time a total of 28 cities and 43 municipalities were merged into one Erzgebirgskreis.
Annaberg-Buchholz was confirmed as the district seat on January 23, 2008. In addition, the city of Aue registered a claim to the district seat and turned to the Constitutional Court of the Free State of Saxony with an application for municipal norms control to take action against the determination of Annaberg-Buchholz as the seat of the district office. On June 27, 2008, the Constitutional Court rejected the city of Aue's motion.
In order to offer the former district towns a compensation for the loss of the district seat , it was made possible for them, like other towns in the earlier Saxon district area reforms, to be appointed major district town without the actually necessary minimum number of inhabitants. In addition, after the reform, the locations of various units and departments in the newly formed district in Aue as well as in Marienberg and Stollberg were retained, their function as administrative centers with corresponding jobs and purchasing power secured, and short distances for the citizens maintained.
The district election of the Erzgebirgskreis took place on June 8th, 2008. In the first ballot, every applicant failed to achieve the required absolute majority, so that a runoff election on June 22, 2008 had to be held. In the second ballot, Frank Vogel (CDU) prevailed against his four competitors with 55.8 percent of the valid votes. He took office on August 1, 2008. On June 7, 2015, Vogel was re-elected with 58.7 percent of the valid votes.
The district council of the Erzgebirgskreis was last elected on May 26, 2019. The 98 seats in the district council are distributed among the individual parties as follows:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||31.9||32||43.2||44|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||21.5||21st||7.6||7th|
|FWE||Free voters Erzgebirge||17.9||18th||11.4||11|
|THE LEFT.||THE LEFT.||11.0||11||15.7||16|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||5.8||5||8.4||8th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||5.1||5||3.4||3|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||4.7||4th||5.1||5|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||2.2||2||4.7||4th|
|DSU||German Social Union||-||-||0.3||-|
|FWG||Free community of voters We for our city / Alternative List Sport||-||-||0.3||-|
|Turnout in percent||64.0||51.7|
The following parliamentary groups have formed in the district council: CDU / FDP (36 members), AfD (21 members), FWE (18 members), DIE LINKE. (11 members), SPD (5 members), GRÜNE (5 members). The 2 members of the NPD are non-attached.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold over a green mountain, in which a silver mallet and a silver iron crossed diagonally, striding, a red armored and tongued black lion."
On November 27, 2008, the district council voted for a design by the Weimar heraldist Michael Zapfe. This draft can be used as a coat of arms, after heraldic examination by the main state archive in Dresden and confirmation by the Chemnitz regional directorate , since December 18, 2008. A similar draft with a black background in the lower area had previously been rejected by the district council.
The black lion on a golden background is supposed to symbolize the margraviate of Meißen , to whose domain the area of the Erzgebirgskreis belonged. However, the coat of arms of the Erzgebirgskreis is not a Meißner lion , as it was designed to lie down and not upright. In the lower area there are sticks and irons for the mining industry, which gave the Erzgebirge its name and importance. The gently curved, green background symbolizes the densely forested mountains.
The Erzgebirgskreis has six partnerships:
- District of Nürnberger Land , Germany
- Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim district , Germany
- District of Ansbach , Germany
- District of Emmendingen , Germany
- Kalisz Pomorski , Poland
- Kaohsiung , Republic of China (Taiwan)
Economy and Infrastructure
As a result of the centuries of mining, the Ore Mountains District developed a disproportionately high industrial density compared to the whole of Saxony. Around 30 percent of all employees work in industry with a focus on toolmaking , mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. Another characteristic of the economic structure, which is mainly characterized by small and medium-sized companies, is a wide variety of industries . Branches of the economy such as handicrafts and services also form strong pillars. Tourism also plays an important role in the Erzgebirge district and, in terms of external perception, the manufacture of wood art , which only employs a good 1 percent of all employed people.
The largest employers in the district include Scherdel Marienberg GmbH , KOKI TECHNIK Transmission Systems GmbH, FSG Automotive , Hoppe AG , KSG GmbH , AWEBA Werkzeugbau GmbH, Nickelhütte Aue , ES Automobilguss GmbH, Eisenwerk Erla GmbH. In July 2020, 8,358 people were unemployed in the district, which corresponds to an unemployment rate of 4.9 percent.
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Erzgebirgskreis was ranked 368th out of 402 rural districts and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with "high future risks".
- Helios Klinikum Aue ( main supply ) with medical supply center Schwarzenberg
- EKA Erzgebirgsklinikum Annaberg gGmbH
- Kliniken Erlabrunn gGmbH, the first new hospital building in the GDR
- Klinikum Mittleres Erzgebirge gGmbH, houses in Zschopau and Olbernhau
- Bergarbeiter-Krankenhaus Schneeberg gGmbH, the Chemnitz Clinic is the majority shareholder
- District Hospital Stollberg gGmbH
The EKH Erzgebirgische Krankenhaus- und Hospitalgesellschaft mbH operated the oncological specialist hospital Marienstift Schwarzenberg, now there is only the Marienstift health and care center in Schwarzenberg.
- Rehabilitation clinics and medical facilities
- Asthma healing cave in the Zinngrube Ehrenfriedersdorf visitor mine
- Alte Flugschule Therapeutic facility for addicts in Großrückerswalde
- AWO health center at Spiegelwald mother / father-child clinic Grünhain-Beierfeld
- Psychosomatic Rehabilitation Clinic EUBIOS Focus on language and speech disorders Thalheim
- Rehabilitation Clinic Miriquidi Orthopedics and Neurology, Specific Treatment Methods for Scoliosis Thermalbad Wiesenbad
- Knappschafts-Klinik Warmbad Rehabilitation clinic for orthopedics, internal medicine and neurology Wolkenstein OT Warmbad
- Medical technology
- AKULA Medizintechnik Annaberg GmbH
- AMEDTEC Medizintechnik Aue GmbH
- METRONIK SUESS OHG Aue
- SUESS Medizin-Technik GmbH Aue
- Funeralia GmbH Ehrenfriedersdorf
- SIGMA Medizin-Technik GmbH Gelenau
- GRAUPNER GmbH & Co. KG Geyer
- Goltec Innovative Medizintechnik GmbH Lugau
- Fresenius Medical Care Thalheim GmbH Stollberg
- MGZ medical technology Geissler Zwönitz
The most important traffic axes in the Ore Mountains are the federal roads. In the west-east direction it opens up in particular the B 101 , but also the B 171 , the B 180 and the B 283 . From north to south there are the B 93 , B 95 , B 169 and B 174 that connect the region with the regional centers of Chemnitz and Zwickau. With the between Oelsnitz / Erzgeb. and Neukirchen / Erzgeb. However, through the A 72 leading to the north-west of the district , the region is also directly connected to the motorway network. For traffic in the neighboring Czech Republic, there are border crossings approved for motor vehicles in Johanngeorgenstadt , Oberwiesenthal , Bärenstein , in the Marienberg district of Reitzenhain and in Deutschneudorf .
The railway traffic in the district is operated on four regional railway lines by the Erzgebirgsbahn and on two lines by the City-Bahn Chemnitz . The routes mostly run along the valleys and connect the region with the Chemnitz-Zwickau agglomeration . In addition to these standard-gauge railways, there is the Fichtelbergbahn, a narrow-gauge line between Cranzahl and Oberwiesenthal operated by the Saxon Steam Railway Company . Other narrow-gauge railways are only operated as museum railways. Cross-border rail traffic is on the Schwarzenberg – Johanngeorgenstadt railway line in Johanngeorgenstadt and on the Zschopautalbahn in Bärenstein.
The Erzgebirgskreis is part of the Verkehrsverbund Mittelachsen (VMS). All public transport, with the exception of the Fichtelbergbahn, can therefore be used at uniform VMS tariffs.
With the airfield Chemnitz-Jahnsdorf in the north of the Ore Mountains and the airfield Großrückerswalde near Marienberg there are two airfields . The closest airports with scheduled services are Karlsbad , Leipzig-Altenburg , Dresden , Prague and Leipzig / Halle .
There are 32 designated nature reserves in the district (as of February 2017).
The FC Erzgebirge Aue is probably the best known sports club of the circle.
Oberwiesenthal is the district's winter sports center.
In contrast to many other regions of the GDR, Christian life in the Ore Mountains took less of a back seat. The proportion of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church is around 150,000 people (40% of the population), well above the average for the Free State of Saxony (21%). About 8,000 parishioners (2%) belong to the United Methodist Church . In addition to this, some other free churches , such as the Seventh-day Adventists with several congregations, are also represented. There are also some Roman Catholic parishes and a large number of New Apostolic parishes. The special religious communities Jehovah's Witnesses , Community in Christ Jesus ( Lorenzianer ) with the central sanctuary Eliasburg in Pockau and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ( Mormons ) with communities in Schwarzenberg and Annaberg-Buchholz are also represented locally .
cities and communes
(Population figures as of December 31, 2019)
- March 1, 2009: Merger of Grünhainichen and Waldkirchen / Erzgeb. to the community of Grünhainichen
- January 1, 2010: Incorporation of Venusberg into Drebach
- January 1, 2011: incorporation of Sosa into Eibenstock
- January 1, 2012: incorporation of Pobershau into Marienberg
- December 31, 2012: incorporation of Zöblitz into Marienberg
- January 1, 2013: Merger of the city of Lauter / Sa. with the municipality of Bernsbach to the city of Lauter-Bernsbach , incorporation of Hormersdorf to Zwönitz , incorporation of Erlbach-Kirchberg to Lugau
- January 1, 2014: Pockau and Lengefeld merge to form the town of Pockau-Lengefeld
- January 1, 2015: Borstendorf is incorporated into Grünhainichen
- January 1, 2017: incorporation of Pfaffroda into Olbernhau
- January 1, 2019: Aue and Bad Schlema merge to form the major district town of Aue-Bad Schlema
On August 1, 2008, the district was assigned the distinctive sign ERZ . Since November 9, 2012, the license plate liberalization means that the distinctive signs ANA (Annaberg-Buchholz), ASZ (Aue-Schwarzenberg), AU (Aue), MAB (Marienberg), MEK (Middle Erzgebirgskreis), STL (Stollberg / Erzgebirge), SZB (Schwarzenberg) and ZP (Zschopau) available.
- District Office Erzgebirgskreis: Activity report of the District Office Erzgebirgskreis, district assembly electoral period - 2008 to 2014. Annaberg-Buchholz 2014 ( digitized version )
- Official website of the Erzgebirgskreis
- Website of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior on administrative reform
- Overview maps of the District Reorganization Act
- Profile of the Erzgebirge Economic Development Corporation on the Erzgebirge District (PDF; 2 MB)
- Location profile of the Erzgebirgskreis (PDF; 3.4 MB)
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Free press. January 21, 2009, p. 12.
- Constitutional Court of the Free State of Saxony: Press release of June 27, 2008 ( Memento of October 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- http://www.erzgebirgskreis.de/FILES/AMTSBLATT/erz_2008_1S.pdf Genealogie, Dead Link | url = http: //www.erzgebirgskreis.de/FILES/AMTSBLATT/erz_2008_1S.pdf | date = 2018-12 | archivebot = 2018-12-04 16:33:57 InternetArchiveBot}} (link not available)
- Result of the 2008 district council election . Accessed December 8, 2008 .
- Result of the mayoral elections in 2015. Accessed on January 26, 2017 .
- District election 2019 . Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- Freie Presse, November 28, 2008, page 2.
- Home: News - MITTEL ERZGEBIRGS TELEVISION Online. In: mef-line.de. November 27, 2008, accessed November 2, 2018 .
- Federal Employment Agency, statistics by region
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Church in the Ore Mountains - facts and figures ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).