|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||650 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||36.42 km 2|
|Residents:||4052 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||111 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||09474|
|Area code :||037344|
|License plate :||ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP|
|Community key :||14 5 21 130|
|LOCODE :||DE CTF|
|Community structure:||2 districts|
|Address of the
|Annaberger Strasse 230c
|Mayor :||Sebastian Martin (independent)|
|Location of the municipality of Crottendorf in the Erzgebirge district|
Geographical location and municipality structure
Crottendorf is located in the Ore Mountains on the northern foothills of the Fichtelberg , right at the beginning of the Zschopau valley. The place stretches at an average altitude of 650 m for a length of almost 6 km from north to south along the Zschopau . In the east it is delimited by the slopes of the Schießberg (795 m) and the Liebenstein (756 m), in the west by the flatter meadows and heather up to the foot of the Scheibenberg (807 m).
The Walthersdorf district has belonged to Crottendorf since January 1st, 1999 .
The exact year that Crottendorf was founded is not known. It is assumed, however, that the place was founded in the middle of the 12th century as an inheritance of the Meinheringer in the county of Hartenstein . Originally Crottendorf was laid out as a rural forest hoof village with allegedly 16 hooves.
The place Crottendorf was founded in the area that belonged to the Reichslehen of the Meinheringer . The Meinheringer castle in this area is first referred to as Hartenstein Castle, then Hartenstein Castle . The imperial fief is attested for the first time in 1157 and the castle was completed in 1170.
In 1406 the county of Hartenstein was pledged by the Meinheringers to Mr. Veit von Schönburg . Crottendorf is mentioned in a document for the first time in the pledge of July 2, 1406. The village was plundered by the Hussite invasions between 1406 and 1438 and the church was so desecrated that it had to be re-consecrated by the bishop after it was rebuilt. In 1439 the Schönburgers finally became owners of the county of Hartenstein and thus also feudal lords over Crottendorf.
Due to the ore wealth of the mountains, the mining towns of Scheibenberg (1522) and Oberwiesenthal (1527) were founded in the area. There were no silver deposits in Crottendorf itself, but it was an important place for the administration of the "High Forests".
In 1539 the Schönburgers introduced the Protestant faith in their country, to which Crottendorf also belonged . In 1559 the Schönburgers sold the eastern part of the county of Hartenstein, the so-called "Upper Forest" part, for 146,000 guilders to the Wettins . Thus Crottendorf and the surrounding places belonged to the Electoral Saxony as an office of Crottendorf . Saxon electors stayed several times to hunt in Crottendorf. Limestone mining in Crottendorf was also mentioned for the first time in 1559 .
During the Thirty Years War Crottendorf was repeatedly attacked by pillaging and murdering troops. These also brought in the plague . The year 1633 is considered a particularly bad year of the plague. After the war , the church, damaged by lightning, was rebuilt and consecrated in 1654.
Potatoes were grown in Crottendorf for the first time in 1712. In 1771 and 1772 there were bad harvests. In 1772, 331 people died of famine. That was about seven times more deaths than in previous years. Despite the wars and famines, Crottendorf had around 1700 inhabitants around 1800.
School buildings were built in 1836, 1837, 1878 and 1898. The two younger ones still serve as a school today.
In 1889 the branch line from Walthersdorf to Crottendorf was opened together with the Schwarzenberg – Annaberg-Buchholz railway line. The 6 km long route, which mainly runs through the streets of Crottendorf and Walthersdorf, gained national fame through the resumption of steam operation in 1982, after it had already been discontinued in 1977. In 1996, the operator shut down the line that had been "dieselized" again in 1988;
In the First World War fell 175 soldiers from Crottendorf. There were also many missing people and civilian deaths. In World War II 221 Crottendorfer men died, were added again many missing and civilian casualties.
After the war , the population of Crottendorf rose to around 8,000 due to immigrant refugees and bismuth miners. In June 1945 Crottendorf became part of the Soviet occupation zone and was also a Soviet garrison from 1948 to 1954. The Annaberg district was declared a restricted zone by the Soviet occupying forces until 1959 because of uranium mining . No uranium was mined in Crottendorf itself .
Origin of the place name
It is not entirely clear where the name Crottendorf comes from. There are three guesses as to its origin.
The first explanation is that the first settlers found so many toads or turtles that they originally named the newly founded village " Toad Village". This opinion also corresponds with the village coat of arms, which shows a yellow turtle on a green background.
A second explanation says that the locator of the village was a knight of Crotten from the small town of Crottendorf near Bindlach in Franconia . With this explanation correspond the facts that the village was originally laid out in a Franconian way and that there are linguistic and architectural similarities with the Franconian place.
On October 3, 1990, Crottendorf had 5,485 inhabitants. The following population figures refer to December 31 of the previous year:
1993 to 1997
1998 to 2002
2003 to 2007
from 2009 on
- Source: State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony
Since the municipal council election on May 26, 2019, with a turnout of 71.1% (2014: 58.7%), the 16 seats of the municipal council have been distributed among the individual groups as follows (the changes to the 2014 election in brackets):
- The list “Free Voters Citizens Forum eV” (FWBF) has 12 seats, the share of votes was 73.5% (+ 11.0% p).
- The CDU received 4 seats, the share of the vote was 26.5% (- 8.7% p).
The municipality of Crottendorf's partner municipalities are Markt Feucht and the municipality of Bindlach in Bavaria and the municipality of Radonice in the Czech Republic . The district of Walthersdorf has entered into a partnership with Reute (Breisgau) in Baden-Württemberg .
A distillery located in Crottendorf in earlier times produced a very popular herbal liqueur. The liquor factory was converted into the Crottendorfer Schnaps Museum after the fall of the Wall . Visitors can look at historical equipment and containers such as oak barrels, fruit presses, stills, liqueur mixers, filling and closing machines, with which a show production is maintained. The entire range of spirits produced, including the Grenzwald herbal liqueur , the Fichtelberger drops or the rowanberry liqueur can be tasted and purchased.
Culture and sights
- The Baroque , Evangelical-Lutheran Trinity Church was built in 1654 on the site of a fortified church from the 13th century . It has a richly decorated coffered ceiling with 240 fields. The pulpit and altar date from the second half of the 17th century. The font (1839) consists of Crottendorfer marble . Together with the cantor school (1658–1663) and the rectory, the church forms a structurally intact ensemble from the 17th century that is well worth seeing.
- The Evangelical Methodist Church of Peace was completed in 1907. Exactly 90 years later, a newly built parish hall was inaugurated as an extension . To maintain church music, the congregation maintains a trombone choir, among other things .
- Finally, there is the regional church community (August-Bebel-Straße) and in the district of Walthersdorf the Zionskirche (see picture) and a separate prayer room.
- Church school (outbuilding, rectory) with a half-timbered upper floor from the 17th century
- Eagle colony in the Walthersdorf district
- Wolfner Mühle (ruin of a rest home) in the Mittweidatal
- Memorial in the park in memory of the communist member of the state parliament Richard Schneider, who was imprisoned in the Colditz concentration camp until 1934 and died in 1941 of the abuse he suffered. It was removed in 1991.
- Graves and memorial stone in the local cemetery for those persecuted by the Nazi regime
Economy and Infrastructure
Industry and Transport
- Crottendorf is known for the production of the original Crottendorfer incense cones . The Crottendorfer Räucherkerzen GmbH operates the Räucherkerzenland , where visitors can get to know the tradition and craftsmanship of incense candles.
- The Modellbahnmanufaktur has existed in Crottendorf since 2002 and produces detailed replicas of steam locomotives for model railroaders, preferably for the H0 and TT tracks .
- The N4 plant of HOPPE AG Stadtallendorf has settled in Crottendorf and is considered the largest private employer in the Upper Ore Mountains. Around 580 employees (as of August 2018) are involved in the manufacture and sale of door and window fittings.
- Until December 30, 1996, Crottendorf was the end point of the Walthersdorf – Crottendorf railway , which branched off from the Annaberg – Buchholz – Schwarzenberg railway at Walthersdorf station . It was mainly used by trains on the route (Scheibenberg–) Schlettau – Crottendorf and ran right through the town. This meant that it could sometimes be driven at only 15 km / h and a companion had to ride on the locomotive on all trains. It became known through the renewed use of class 86 steam locomotives in the period 1982–1988.
The municipality of Crottendorf invested in a new lift in 2006. The operator of this lift is the local ski club. In addition to the ski lift, which has undergone a change in route due to the new construction, the association operates a middle station for refreshments .
Sons and daughters of the place
- Crottendorfer Spatzen , singing group
- Otto Peuschel (1867–1932), dialect poet and singer
- Richard Schneider (1876–1941), farmer and politician of the KPD
- Werner Völger (1908 – unknown), director, screenwriter, producer and actor
- Joachim Süß (* 1932), zither soloist, dialect speaker and singer
- Eberhard Heiße (* 1933), youth evangelist, employee of evangelical youth work, author and holder of the Federal Cross of Merit
People related to the place
- Siegfried Bergelt: Original Crottendorfer Railway Stories. Bildverlag Böttger Witzschdorf, 2nd revised edition 2003, ISBN 3-9806606-7-2
- G. Gehler (ed. By the local chronicle): Crottendorf - our home. Vol. 1 1999 ISBN 3-9805904-2-9 , Vol. 2 2006
- Richard Steche : Crottendorf. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 4th booklet: Official Authority Annaberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1885, p. 63.
- Crottendorf in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Literature from and about Crottendorf in the Saxon Bibliography
- Official website of Crottendorf
- Crottendorf in historical pictures
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
- August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony, containing a correct and detailed geographical, topographical and historical representation of all cities, towns, villages, castles, courtyards, mountains, forests, lakes, rivers, etc., the entire Royal. and Prince. Saxon country including the Principality of Schwarzburg, the Erfurt area, as well as the Reussian and Schönburg possessions. Volume 2, Schumann, Zwickau 1815, p. 551 ( digitized version )
- Herman Grimm: The Saxon Ore Mountains. Dresden 1847, p. 201.
- State Statistical Office of Saxony, municipal council election 2019: Crottendorf
- Website of the community of Crottendorf
- The Crottendorfer Schnaps Museum in the Ore Mountains. Grenzwald distillation . Flyer from summer 2014.
- Communitywith information on the churches and monuments in Crottendorf , accessed on May 5, 2011.
- with historical church views , accessed on March 8, 2013
- Homepage of the model railway manufacturer