Saxon bibliography

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Territorial development of Saxony between 1815 and 1990

The Saxon Bibliography , as a regional bibliography, lists independent and dependent publications of all types of media that relate to Saxony in terms of content , striving to be as complete as possible. This is based on the deposit copies collected in the Saxon State and University Library in Dresden . Since 1992, the current listing has been supported by a database. The bibliography was made available on the Internet in 1998, and since 2006 this has been done within the framework of the Southwest German Library Association (SWB).

Historically, the Wettin Duchy , the Electorate , the Kingdom , the State of Saxony and the GDR districts of Dresden , Leipzig and Karl-Marx-Stadt are included .


18th century

Johann Christoph Adelung, painting by Anton Graff

At the end of the 18th century, the chief librarian Johann Christoph Adelung began to systematically collect literature on Saxon regional history and regional studies at the Electoral Public Library in Dresden . One of the most important Saxonica collections quickly emerged . At the same time, Benjamin Gottfried Weinart wrote the two-volume bibliographic work An attempt at a literature on Saxon history and civics, which appeared in print in 1790/91 . This remained the standard work for a long time, although the lack of registers and the lack of gaps made it difficult to use. The regional compulsory deposit favored the development of the Dresden Saxonica collection and the later development of the state bibliography.

Literature of regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Saxony

On behalf of the Geography Association in Dresden , Paul Emil Richter, Senior Librarian of the Royal Public Library , compiled a bibliography on regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Saxony and local history in 1889. In the same year he presented the basic work Litteratur der Landes- und Volkskunde of the Kingdom of Saxony . It contains about 6000 titles up to the end of the report in 1889. Independent and dependently published literature that deals with the regional and folklore of Saxony and was not listed in Weinart's bibliography was included. The work comprises a total of seven volumes with supplements that appeared from 1892 to 1909.

The suspension of the press law from 1848 to 1851 and the abolition of the regulation on regional compulsory deposit in 1870 resulted in considerable gaps in the Royal Public Library.

From 1903 literature on the history of Saxony was also taken into account. From 1909 the bibliography was continued under the sole responsibility of the library. The continuation volumes appeared within the annual reports of the Royal Public Library. The last volume appeared in 1918 for the reporting year 1917. In 1923 Richter's son published a general register for the years 1909 to 1917. The bibliography supplements Weinart's work and the current Saxon bibliography up to the First World War . The incompleteness and the late or missing listing of literature on the history of the country and regent is considered problematic. In 1917 the continuation of this bibliography was stopped in favor of the bibliography of Saxon history .

Bibliography of Saxon History

The Japanese Palace housed the State Library for 159 years

The Royal Commission for Saxon History , founded in 1896, initiated a regular Saxon bibliography. The bibliographical manuscript was to be prepared at the Royal Public Library, the commission itself took care of the publication and printing. The project was oriented towards the humanities and regional history. Scientific writings were not included. The project was primarily conceived as a retrospective basic work, sorted according to subject volumes. The year 1900 was chosen as the last reporting year. Supplementary volumes should be created for the following years. It was assumed that the basic work would be completed before the first supplementary volume had to be drawn up so that a continuously updated bibliography would emerge. This approach should remain a conceptual weak point from the start.

Under the direction of Viktor Hantzsch , two employees of the library collected Saxonica titles in card boxes from 1901, whereby around 62,000 titles had been collected by 1907. A printed volume nevertheless did not appear. Two solutions to the conceptual problem were available: continuing with additional staff or listing the current publications instead of working on a basic work. Both solutions were discarded; the last reporting year 1907 was raised to 1910, the earliest publication date was postponed by several years.

From 1911, Rudolf Bemmann took over the lead work on the bibliography. The first part was completed in 1914, but Volume I, 1 was not printed until 1918 because of the First World War. After Bemmann's departure, Jakob Jatzwauk joined the project in 1918 . The 2nd half volume was published in 1921. From then on, Jatzwauk ran this project on a voluntary basis because of a lack of human resources. It was only thanks to his commitment that new publications were ever recorded between 1918 and 1945. The goal was still to complete the basic retrospective work. Volume II appeared in 1923, Volume III, 1 and III, 2 appeared in 1928 and 1932. Volume III, 3, which was supposed to contain bibliographies for the cities of Leipzig , Dresden and Chemnitz , and the so-called biographical volume had not yet been printed until 1945 . A detailed register of all previous volumes was planned.

From 1950 onwards the retrospective bibliography was again worked on more intensively: Dorothee Denecke was commissioned to produce the register volume. Work on the city bibliographies has resumed. The register volume was only published in 1973 and 1974 as volumes IV, 1 and IV, 2. In the 1980s there was no published bibliography for the reporting years 1945–1960, which led to a gap in the bibliographic index. The two-volume work was published under the direction of Dorothee Denecke in 1989 and 1990 as Volume V of the Bibliography of Saxon History . As the forerunner of the Saxon Bibliography, it is already structured according to its systematics and principles. Due to the lack of staff, there is a large selection of literature.

Saxon bibliography

Burghard Burgemeister

In 1960, considerations by the library director, Burghard Burgemeister , who had been appointed the previous year at the Saxon State Library, led to a continuation of the bibliography. The current listing of new publications has been strengthened. From then on, all subject areas were listed beyond the humanities. This resulted in the "fundamental change from a specialist bibliography with a regional reference to a regional universal bibliography", recognizable by the new name of the bibliography: Saxon Bibliography .

The newly established department of the same name at the State Library was given two posts. The first volume was published in 1962, covering the reporting period 1961, with which the Saxon bibliography was to tie in seamlessly with the bibliography of Saxon history . The bibliography was now divided into three parts: the systematic general subject part, the local part and the personal part. An author and subject title index and a name and subject index were added. A retrospective annual volume was published regularly in printed form. From 1992 onwards, the printing template was made database-supported with the help of the ABACUS computer program (automatic bibliography processing from Allegro-C up to the broken sentence). In 1998 the database was made freely available on the Internet. By switching to the PIEWIN program, which offered a more user-friendly interface, the use of the online database increased and from 2003 the print version of the bibliography was discontinued. This makes the annual volume 2001 the last printed edition.

Saxon bibliography online

The internet database Saxon Bibliography online was maintained in a separate ABACUS database with its own cataloging module and special applications. In 2005, links were set up via the holdings signature on the local OPAC of the State Library. From 2006, the bibliography was integrated into the network system of the Südwestdeutscher Bibliotheksverbund (SWB), so that inventory records were made possible in all network libraries . The conversion work took two years. In 2008 the new SäBi Online database was published. This was followed by the retrospective conversion of the printed catalogs, first for the years 1945 to 1991, then in descending order by year, financed from funds from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). The biographical card catalog , which was the basis for the unpublished volume of biographies , was primarily retro-converted .

In 2002 the library integrated the Saxon Bibliography online into the national catalog Virtual German State Bibliography (VDL). In 2005 the SLUB Dresden started the project Virtual Library for the National History of Saxony (ViBLS) together with the Institute for Saxon History and Folklore eV (ISGV ) . The bibliography should play a central role in this. In 2008 ViBLS was converted into the state portal . Since January 2019, these offers have been online under a new name and with new functions as the regional portal Saxorum (SXRM).


  • Martin Munke : State Bibliography and Citizen Science. Opportunities for cooperation for libraries and wiki communities using the example of the Saxon bibliography . In: Ulrich Hagenah, Lars Jendral, Maria Elisabeth Müller (eds.): Regional bibliographies: research data and sources of cultural memory. Liber amicorum for Ludger Syré . Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim / Zurich / New York 2019, ISBN 978-3-487-15650-7 , pp. 195-207 .
  • Anke Augustin: The history of the Saxon regional bibliography, from the beginnings to the present (diploma thesis) . University of Technology, Economy and Culture (FH), Leipzig 1994.
  • Gritt Brosowski: The German state bibliographies. An overview of their work and offers . In: Klaus Neitmann (Hrsg.): Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte, 149th year . 2013, p. 429-462 .
  • Thomas Bürger ; Konstantin Hermann (Ed.): The ABC of the SLUB. Lexicon of the Saxon State Library - State and University Library Dresden . Michel Sandstein Verlag, Dresden 2006, ISBN 3-937602-69-0 ( ).
  • Barbara Lenk: Bibliographies at the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library: Development of a catalog-related description of tasks for the retrospective conversion of the printed volumes of the Saxon Bibliography and the History of Technology bibliography (diploma thesis, revised version) . University of Applied Sciences Potsdam (Department of Information Sciences), Potsdam 2009 ( ).
  • Susanne Baudisch: Regional bibliographies in Germany between tradition and innovation. A comparative consideration with special consideration of the Saxon bibliography (Master's thesis) . Humboldt University of Berlin (Institute for Library and Information Science), Berlin 2005.
  • Michael Letocha: From the "attempt at a literature of Saxon history" to the "Saxon bibliography". History of regional bibliographies in Saxony . In: Ludger Syré, Heidrun Wiesenmüller (Ed.): The regional bibliography in the digital age. Germany and its neighboring countries (=  magazine for libraries and bibliography. Special volume 90). Verlag Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-465-03461-9 , p. 349-366 .
  • Michael Letocha: Saxon Bibliography in the Digital Age . In: New archive for Saxon history . tape 74/75 , 2004, ISSN  0944-8195 , p. 455-460 .

Web links


  1. See Letocha (2006), pp. 349–351.
  2. See: Augustin, pp. 17–18 and pp. 40 f .; Letocha (2006), pp. 351-352.
  3. Letocha (2006), p. 352.
  4. See: Augustin pp. 21-25; Letocha (2006), pp. 352-355.
  5. See: Augustin pp. 31–32; Letocha (2006), p. 355.
  6. See: Augustin p. 35.
  7. Cf. Augustin p. 36 ff .; Letocha (2006), pp. 357-364, Baudisch p. 10-.
  8. Baudisch, p. 22
  9. See Letocha.
  10. See Brosowski, p. 456.
  11. Lenk, p. 13.
  12. Letocha, pp. 364-365.
  13. Letocha, pp. 364-365.
  14. Martin Munke: From to , February 28, 2019.