|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||297 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||221.05 km 2|
|Residents:||246,334 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1114 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||09111-09131, 09224, 09228 , 09247|
|Primaries :||0371, 037200 , 037209 , 03722 , 03726|
|License plate :||C.|
|Community key :||14 5 11 000|
|LOCODE :||DE CHE|
|City structure:||39 districts including
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor (as administrator ):||Sven Schulze ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Chemnitz in Saxony|
Chemnitz [ ˈkʰɛmnɪt͡s ] (from 1953 to 1990 Karl-Marx-Stadt ) is an independent city in the southwest of the Free State of Saxony and its third largest city after Leipzig and Dresden . The eponymous river runs through the city located on the northern edge of the Ore Mountains in the Ore Mountains Basin. Chemnitz is the headquarters of the State Office for Saxony and is part of the metropolitan region of Central Germany . On October 28, 2020, the city was selected as the European Capital of Culture 2025 .
The oldest documented mention as Kameniz (from Sorbian kamjenica , "Steinbach") dates from 1143. With the industrial revolution , the population grew rapidly in the 19th century, and after the founding of the empire in 1871, Chemnitz developed into an important industrial city . During the period of high industrialization in the German Empire , Chemnitz became a major city in 1882 . The population reached the beginning of the 1930s -years with over 361,000 people to their historical high. In World War II80% of the city center was destroyed in the air raids on Chemnitz in February and March 1945. By resolution of the Central Committee of the SED and the government of the GDR , the name was changed to Karl-Marx-Stadt on May 10, 1953 .
With over 200 years of industrial history, the city is now a technology location with a focus on the automotive and supplier industry , information technology, and mechanical and plant engineering. Chemnitz is the location of a technical university .
Chemnitz forms a city triangle with the other two major Saxon cities of Leipzig and Dresden, with Chemnitz forming the southwest corner. The city is located in the natural area of the Ore Mountains Basin and the urban area in the south on the foothills of the Middle Ore Mountains and in the north on the approximately 300 m high elevations of the Mulde-Loess hill country , which is sometimes also called the Middle Saxon hill country . The Chemnitz river (river bed at about 290 meters above sea level), which flows from the confluence of the two low mountain rivers Zwönitz and Würschnitz in Altchemnitz bears this name, has favored the creation of a settlement with the excavation of a wide valley.
The geological subsurface of Chemnitz can be divided into three different large units. The northern and northwestern parts of the city are located on the granulite mountains that extend as part of the Central Saxon hill country between Glauchau and Döbeln . This geological zone is further subdivided from north to northwest into the Auerswalder loess hill country , the lower Chemnitz valley , the Wittgensdorfer loess plate and the Röhrsdorf slate hill country.
The seven to eight kilometers narrow ore mountain basin near Chemnitz stretches through the city in a south-west-north-east direction. Within the basin is the Beutenberg (420.9 m), which borders the city in the northeast. The predominant rocks in the Erzgebirge basin are Rotliegend sediments, tuff and loess clay layers . In the Chemnitz area, the Erzgebirge basin becomes the Zschopau-Hochtalboden , the Kohlung-Platte , the Zeisigwald-Struth-Hügelland , the Chemnitz Valley , the Chemnitz-Terrassenriedel , Siegmar-Bornaer Hügelland , the Neukirchener Hügelland and theLower Würschnitztal subdivided.
The northern edge of the Ore Mountains shows a clear relief in the Chemnitz area. In this geological unit south of the line from Galgenberg in the Euba district (471.2 m) via the Adelsberg (508.4 m) to the Klaffenbach district , phyllites and floodplain sediments similar to slate dominate . Cut by the valleys of the Würschnitz and Zwönitz , this terrain level, southwest of the confluence with the Chemnitz, reaches heights of 500 to 550 m above sea level. Here is the highest mountain in the city: the Klaffenbacher Höhe with 523.4 m above sea level. The space is named Erzgebirgsnordrandstufe ,Lower Zwönitztal , Harthauer Würschnitztal , Berbisdorfer Riedelgebiet , Dittersdorfer Riedelgebiet another subdivision.
Chemnitz is a city with extensive green areas and large parks. With more than 1000 hectares of parks, meadows and forest areas, there are statistically more than 60 square meters of green space for every inhabitant. In the city of Chemnitz there are three nature reserves ( Around the Eibsee , Am Schusterstein and Am northern Zeisigwald ), as well as numerous landscape protection areas . These include, for example, the Chemnitz Valley , the Sternmühlental and the Rabensteiner Forest .
The city consists of 39 districts . The districts of Einsiedel, Euba, Grüna, Klaffenbach, Kleinolbersdorf-Altenhain, Mittelbach, Röhrsdorf and Wittgensdorf are also localities within the meaning of Sections 65 to 68 of the Saxon municipal code. In the course of the last wave of incorporation after 1990, these districts came to the city of Chemnitz as formerly independent communities and therefore enjoy this special position compared to the other districts. For each of these localities there is a local council , which, depending on the number of inhabitants of the locality concerned, has between ten and 16 members and a local chiefas chairman of the same. The local councils are to be heard on important matters affecting the locality. A final decision, however, rests with the city council of the city of Chemnitz. The city districts are officially identified by numbers according to the following principle: starting from the city center (city districts Zentrum and Schloßchemnitz ), all other city districts are assigned the tens digit of their code in ascending order in clockwise order, the units digit is assigned in ascending order towards the city periphery.
|The districts with their official numbers:|
¹ also locality
After numerous incorporations, the urban area does not include a uniform, closed settlement area. The rural settlements, mainly in the eastern part of the city, are separated from the settlement area of the Chemnitz core city, while this continues in part over the western city limits to Limbach-Oberfrohna and Hohenstein-Ernstthal.
- in the district of Central Saxony : Hartmannsdorf , Burgstädt , Taura , Lichtenau , Frankenberg / Sa. , Niederwiesa , Flöha and Augustusburg
- in the Erzgebirge district : Gornau / Erzgeb. , Amtsberg , Burkhardtsdorf , Neukirchen / Erzgeb. , Jahnsdorf / Erzgeb. and Lugau
- in the district of Zwickau : Oberlungwitz , Hohenstein-Ernstthal , Callenberg and Limbach-Oberfrohna
In the period from 1961 to 1990, July and August were the warmest months with average temperatures of 16.6 and 16.4 ° C, while the average minimum temperature in January was −1.2 ° C. The average annual temperature was 7.9 ° C. The average duration of sunshine is around 1530 hours a year, with 200 hours of sunshine July is the sunniest month.
The absolute heat record is +37.8 ° C and was registered on August 20, 2012 at the weather station of the German Weather Service DWD at an altitude of 420 m above sea level. The previous cold record dates from February 10, 1956 with a low of −28.4 ° C.
Due to the location on the windward side of the Ore Mountains, there is relatively high rainfall. The annual rainfall in the urban area is between 650 and 800 mm. In the reference period 1961 to 1990, an average annual precipitation of 775 mm was recorded on the Küchwald. The month with the most precipitation in the urban area is June with 85 to 90 mm precipitation height, with 35 to 45 mm February is the month with the lowest precipitation.
The previous maximum precipitation record in one day was 78 liters of rain per square meter, measured on August 12, 2002. The highest registered snow cover so far was measured on March 11, 1988 at a height of 66 cm at the weather station in Stelzendorf.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Chemnitz
Source: DWD, data: 2015–2020
Meaning and origin of the name
Prehistory and early history
The later urban area was located at the equator during the Permian period and was overgrown by tropical rainforest plants. The region was characterized by active volcanism caused by tectonic processes. The fauna and flora were buried under the ash and rock cover ejected by volcanic eruptions. The Petrified Forest of Chemnitz was created through the subsequent fossilization .
Until the 11th century, the area of Chemnitz was not yet continuously populated. Dense forests covered the land and mountains. Forest and water were probably used to a small extent by Slavic hunters and fishermen who had lived in the old settlement area around Rochlitz since the 6th century .
In 1136, Emperor Lothar III founded near Chemnitz the Benedictine monastery of St. Marien, which was granted market privilege in 1143. The Chemnitz settlement, which is (presumably) located at the Johanniskirche, was granted city rights by Emperor Friedrich I (Barbarossa) between 1171 and 1174 . A new, larger urban area was laid out in the drained Chemnitz-Aue from the 13th century. The new city layout corresponded to the high medieval image of a walled city. Chemnitz was the intersection of two important long-distance connections, the road from Leipzig / Altenburg via Zschopau to Bohemia and the Frankenstraße, which was built in the 13th centuryfrom Nuremberg / Hof to Freiberg / Dresden and further east to Breslau. The city was a resting and trading place for merchants.
After the Wettin victory in the Battle of Lucka in 1307 for supremacy in the Pleißenland , Chemnitz became a Wettin country town, but the monastery retained its imperial position. Up until the 16th century there were repeated disputes between the city and the monastery. In 1357 four citizens of the city received the important bleaching privilege through the margraves Balthasar and Friedrich . This gave Chemnitz a central position in textile production and in the textile trade of the margraviate.
Early modern age
By purchasing corridors of almost all the monastery villages of the Benedictine monastery (1402), the city expanded its territory considerably, and new suburbs could develop.
In the 15th century, Chemnitz was still characterized by textile production. With the Great Berggeschrey around 1470, which went hand in hand with the discovery of silver in Schneeberg , a new commercial phase began for Chemnitz. Families from Chemnitz were not only involved in the mining business, but also in the subsequent treatment and processing. Kupferhammer and Saigerhütte were built in front of the city gates on the Chemnitz. At the end of the 15th century, the town hall, the drapery house, the Latin school and several town houses were built that shaped the town.
From around 1531, the important polymath and founder of the mining sciences Georgius Agricola lived and worked as a city doctor in Chemnitz. In 1546, 1547, 1551 and 1553 he took over the office of mayor by order of Duke Moritz von Sachsen . His main work De re metallica libri XII was created in Chemnitz .
With the introduction of the Reformation in Albertine Saxony, the first church visitation in Chemnitz took place in 1539 . In 1540 the Chemnitz Franciscan monastery was dissolved. The Benedictine monastery was administered secularly from 1541 and converted into a castle and the monastery area into an office in 1546/1547.
From 1621 to 1622 Chemnitz had a tipper mint, in which interim coins (tipper coins) were struck under mint master Christoph Stundheim. These were tipper groschen and cruiser pieces up to the so-called Kippertaler at 60 groschen.
In the Thirty Years' War Chemnitz was destroyed several times. In 1645, as a result of the war , the population of the city was decimated to less than a quarter and numbered only 1200 people. Of 448 houses in the city, 288 were destroyed. The repayment of the war debts lasted until 1698.
“Three men, Meister Röder, Braun and Sauer, whose names have become indelible, not only for Chemnitz but for Saxony, yes for Germany, founded a new branch of industry this year (1728) by weaving cotton stockings, hats and gloves etc. to Chemnitz. "
The publishing industry developed in the distribution of goods.
From 1756–1763, Chemnitz was occupied by Prussian troops during the Seven Years' War . The city's losses amounted to 1.1 million talers. In the period after the Seven Years' War, Saxony experienced an upswing in economy, trade and commerce thanks to state aid. Chemnitz and the surrounding area developed into a center of calico printing .
The Chemnitz economy achieved a new quality through the mechanization of spinning by means of water power. Based on the English model, machine spinning mills were built under the protection of electoral privileges , as the first and as the starting point of the industrial revolution in Saxony from 1798 onwards, the Bernhardsche spinning mill in Harthau near Chemnitz.
19th and early 20th centuries
In the course of the 19th century, Chemnitz developed into one of the most important industrial cities in Germany, above all into a center of German mechanical engineering . Steam engines have been built in Chemnitz since 1835 and locomotives since 1844. The appearance of the city changed as a result of the use of steam power in Chemnitz from 1822. The large number of chimneys in factories and foundries and the associated smoke and dirt development gave Chemnitz the nickname “Saxon Manchester”. In the industrial city, the social contrasts came to light. The proportion of wage workers in the mid-19th century was a third of the population. In 1852 Chemnitz got with the opening of the Riesa – Chemnitz railway line a railway connection.
The long-time Lord Mayor of Chemnitz, Wilhelm André, was one of the initiators alongside Werner von Siemens for the enactment of the German Patent Act of 1877, which gave inventions legal protection for the first time. In 1891 there were six times more patent applications from Chemnitz than the national average.
In 1883 Chemnitz became a major city with 103,000 inhabitants. With the rapid population growth since the middle of the 19th century, the city was expanded considerably. In the last third of the 19th century, the residential areas of Brühl , Sonnenberg and Kaßberg were built .
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Chemnitz was shown in administrative reports and address books as a “factory and trading town”. Mechanical engineering and the textile industry dominated. In addition, the iron foundry, metal goods manufacturing, electrical engineering, bicycle manufacturing, dyeing and chemical industry had developed into important branches of production. During this time, the city recorded the highest per capita tax revenue and the highest per capita added value of all German cities.
Up until the First World War, representative buildings for cultural institutions, for administration and for trade were built in Chemnitz, such as the Theaterplatz (1909) with the König Albert Museum and the New City Theater (from 1925 Opera House ), the New Town Hall (1911) and the Tietz department store (1913).
In the 1920s, many projects with social goals in housing could be realized. In 1928 the city passed a resolution on social housing. New housing developments in the style of garden cities and courtyards were built. A whole series of new buildings for industry, trade and administration were built in the modern style , such as the Schocken department store on Brückenstraße based on a design by the architect Erich Mendelsohn until 1930 . Chemnitz also received new, modern school buildings, and the sports and recreational facilities were expanded. In the municipal theaters began with General Manager Anton Richard Tauberthe "era of Tauber". On March 2, 1913, his son Richard Tauber sang an opera at the municipal theater for the first time in his career.
Since 1926 Chemnitz had an airport with a connection to international air traffic, which no longer exists today.
In 1930 the city had its largest population to date with over 360,000 inhabitants.
Third Reich and World War II
Chemnitz was among the first cities in Germany, where the Nazis , the city council same off . The development of culture and education was interrupted, 650 works of art were removed from the art collections and 3300 books from the city library.
In the 1930s , construction projects that had begun before the global economic crisis were completed, such as the construction of the municipal swimming pool and the southern combat track as well as the construction of the " New Castle Ponds " on the site of the former Hartmannwerke. A central thoroughfare in downtown Chemnitz was named after the founder of Hartmannwerke. In 1936 Auto Union AG moved its headquarters to Chemnitz. Vehicle construction became a determining branch of production in Chemnitz, the "Wanderer" brand automobiles were manufactured in Chemnitz.
The Jewish population, who contributed to the development and upswing of Chemnitz, was discriminated against and persecuted. Jewish entrepreneurs were expropriated. The synagogue was burned down on the night of the pogrom and then completely removed. The Jewish population that could not escape was deported to ghettos and extermination camps .
During the air war in World War II , the city was late to become a target of Allied air raids because of its difficult accessibility. The attacks on 14./15. February and March 5, 1945 by British Royal Air Force bombers as part of the Allied Operation Thunderclap ("Thunderbolt") were mainly directed against the city center. The attacks of the United States Army Air Forces focused on railway stations and armament factories like the work Siegmar of Auto Union , where half of all engines for the tanks " Tiger " and " Panther were built." The Chemnitz Flakhad already been relocated to the Eastern Front at this point. A total of 7,360 tons of bombs were dropped on the city in over 10 air strikes. The stock of churches, public buildings and residential buildings in the historic city center and the inner suburbs was almost completely destroyed, and a quarter of the city's housing stock was destroyed. A total of around 3,700 air war victims were mourned in Chemnitz.
American troops reached the north of Chemnitz in mid-April 1945. In the west they advanced to the Chemnitz-Zwickau autobahn and moved into the towns of Grüna , Rabenstein and Siegmar-Schönau . After the city was continuously bombarded with artillery, the city administration tried to hand Chemnitz over to the Americans without a fight. In accordance with Allied resolutions, Chemnitz was handed over to a Soviet city commander on the morning of May 8th. On the same day, an advance command of the Soviet army marched into Chemnitz.
The war destruction left 100,000 homeless. The city took in refugees and displaced persons . The resulting large number of people looking for accommodation had to move to the surrounding communities. As one of the first measures, the city administration restored the supply of water, electricity and gas.
The clearing of the city began. A rubble track transported the recovered material to the Südkampfbahn, where a new cycling track was built by 1950. Other large amounts of debris were filled in the former quarries in the Zeisigwald . A cement substitute developed in Chemnitz was used together with the timber-saving vaulted construction technology to build the first new residential buildings.
After the war, only about a seventh of the Chemnitz companies were able to produce. By dismantling , withdrawals and reparations sustained losses arose. As a result of orders from the occupying power and as part of the “referendum on the expropriation of Nazi and war criminals” in Saxony (1946) , 127 companies in Chemnitz were expropriated .
In June 1946, an advisory assembly consisting of representatives of the various parties and organizations was constituted as the predecessor of the city council. On September 1, 1946, the SED in Chemnitz achieved an absolute majority in the municipal elections. The city council made its decisions on the basis of orders from the Soviet military administration and the local command. After the founding of the GDR in 1949, the city commandant handed over the tasks of the Soviet military administration to the City Council of Chemnitz. Chemnitz remained a Soviet garrison town . In 1948 Chemnitz became the seat of the Soviet Wismut stock corporation , which operated uranium mining in the GDR.
In 1952, the south-western part of Saxony was merged into the Chemnitz district as part of the “ democratization of administration ”. As the third largest Saxon city, Chemnitz received the status of a district town. Chemnitz thus formed the administrative center of the GDR's most populous and densely populated district with 2 million inhabitants .
On the occasion of the " Karl Marx Year" in 1953, Chemnitz was renamed Karl Marx Stadt. On May 10, Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl carried out the name change in a state act and justified this primarily with the strong traditions of the workers' movement in Chemnitz and the city's achievements in rebuilding. The decision to rename was made by the Central Committee of the SED and the government of the GDR . The city residents were not given the opportunity to express their views. At the same time the district was renamed "District Karl-Marx-Stadt" and the district was renamed "Kreis Karl-Marx-Stadt".
With the renaming of the city, a special claim was associated with the rebuilding of the city center. Initially, the reconstruction was carried out until the beginning of the 1950s based on the old city layout, following on from local building traditions. With the reconstructions of the old town hall , the Siegert house on the market, the red tower and the opera house , important buildings of old Chemnitz were restored. Different views on the layout of the "Central Square" in the city center as a parade ground for political rallies and traffic management via a new intersection area or the old Johannisplatzentailed the revision of the plans and delayed the further construction of the city center. It was not until 1960 that the second phase of the reconstruction of the Karl-Marx-Städter city center began with the construction of the buildings on the Strasse der Nations and the Rosenhof. A revised plan was implemented, which provided for a holistic new construction of the streets in the city center. The architecture of the buildings was shaped by industrial construction . In the 1960s, the city center saw extensive construction work. In addition to residential and administrative buildings, infrastructure such as the central bus stop (1967) and the bus station were also built(1968). As the core of the new inner city, the building ensemble of the city hall Karl-Marx-Stadt with the hotel high-rise "Congress" was built from 1969 to 1974 . The "Central Square", originally planned as a parade ground, was modified as a park at the town hall. It was framed by the administrative buildings of the industrial center Karl-Marx-Stadt and the council of the district, which were newly built between 1966 and 1971, with the Karl Marx Monument , which was unveiled on October 9, 1971 . In the course of the GDR housing program decided in 1973 After the completion of the “Kongreß” hotel high-rise in 1974, there were only a few new buildings in the city center until reunification and the implementation of the planning for the reconstruction of the city center remained unfinished.
In the course of the redesign of the inner city, the old city quarters that had been preserved since the mid-1960s were demolished. On March 15, 1961, the ruins of the Paulikirche, built between 1750 and 1756, were blown up in the city center.
Since the 1960s, several new large residential areas were built in Karl-Marx-Stadt, such as the Flemming area ( Altendorf ) 1962–1965, the Beimler area ( Gablenz ) 1967–1970 and the Yorck area 1970–74. The largest new residential area, the Fritz Heckert area , was built in an industrial style from 1974 and by 1990 had a population of 80,000.
Karl-Marx-Stadt developed a powerful industry. 20% of the industrial production of the GDR was concentrated in Karl-Marx-Stadt, almost half of the textile machines manufactured in the GDR and about a third of the machine tools came from the city. Even with state regulation and the suppression of private sector initiatives, the Karl-Marx-Städter industry produced products and technologies of international standing (such as the Malimo stitchbonding technique ).
The district town was a center of attraction in terms of culture and sport. The town hall Karl-Marx-Stadt has been one of the most modern event centers in the GDR since it opened in 1974. The Karl-Marx-Stadt theaters were successful throughout the GDR with the performance of contemporary plays. As a center of competitive sports, Karl-Marx-Stadt received international attention, especially in the sports of figure skating, cycling, swimming and weightlifting.
In Karl-Marx-Stadt towards the end of the 1980s, the economic problems and democratic deficits in the GDR came to light. There was an open exchange of ideas in the already existing church groups and in the new citizens' initiatives and movements that emerged in the summer / autumn of 1989. On October 7, 1989, the first demonstration for democratic reforms in the GDR took place in Karl-Marx-Stadt.
In Karl-Marx-Stadt there was also a movement to reintroduce the historic city name. Until April 22, 1990, the residents of the city were able to place their cross for Karl-Marx-Stadt or Chemnitz on voting cards. On April 23, 1990 the votes were counted and in the evening the result of 76% of the votes for Chemnitz was announced. The new, democratically elected city parliament decided at its first session on June 1, 1990 to rename Karl-Marx-Stadt in Chemnitz.
1990 to the present
Chemnitz and the Chemnitz region experienced a structural change after 1990 . The lack of sales markets in Eastern Europe particularly affected the classic branches of industry in Chemnitz and - combined with the problems associated with the privatization by the Treuhandanstalt - resulted in job cuts. With its high potential of well-trained specialists, Chemnitz was able to develop into a modern location for business, technology and innovation with globally active companies in the more than two decades after reunification. Since 1995, more than 7,000 new companies have emerged in Chemnitz and the region.
In connection with the re-establishment of the Free State of Saxony in October 1990, the Karl-Marx-Stadt district, which had existed since 1952, was dissolved. Chemnitz remained an important administrative location. From 1991 to 2008 Chemnitz was the administrative seat of the administrative district of Chemnitz . In the course of the Saxon administrative reorganization and the district reform of Saxony in 2008, Chemnitz was subsequently the administrative seat of the Chemnitz administrative district until 2012 . Since March 1, 2012, Chemnitz has been the headquarters of the State Office of Saxony .
After 1990 the cultural offerings of the city of Chemnitz were expanded. The construction of the Saxon Industrial Museum in Chemnitz began. It opened in 1992 and has been located in the reconstructed former machine tool factory "Hermann und Alfred Escher AG" on Zwickauer Strasse since 2003. In 1992, after four years of renovation, the Chemnitz Opera House reopened as one of the most modern in Europe. In September 1995, after a 15-year construction period, the Schloßbergmuseum Chemnitz reopened as a city history museum in the former Benedictine monastery of St. Marien. In particular, the Chemnitz art collections made under their director Ingrid Mössingerthe city has been known nationwide as a city of culture since the 1990s with its well-attended exhibitions. In 2004, in the former Tietz department store on Bahnhofstrasse, which was built in 1913, the cultural department store " DAStietz " opened, which houses the Chemnitz Adult Education Center, the Chemnitz City Library , the Chemnitz Natural History Museum , the New Saxon Gallery as well as shops and cafés on around 20,000 square meters . In 2003 Alfred Gunzenhauser transferred a large part of his private collection of German art of the 20th century to a foundation based in Chemnitz, where for this purpose the former headquarters of Sparkasse Chemnitz from 1930 was converted into a museum from 2005 to 2007. TheMuseum Gunzenhauser was opened on December 1st, 2007 by the then Federal President Horst Köhler . Since May 15, 2014 Chemnitz has with the National Museum of Archeology Chemnitz a state museum . After 1990, Chemnitz also received an individual cultural stamp through a large number of initiatives and associations, through festivals and projects.
After reunification, the main task in Chemnitz was to modernize the housing stock and further develop the city center. As a result of the ownership structure inherited from the GDR, the housing stock that was newly built after 1945 and a large part of the old buildings in the city were owned by a few housing associations. The focus of renovation work here since the 1990s has been on the modernization of the building fabric that was created in the GDR. In spite of the destruction in World War II in 1990, Chemnitz still owned a large part of the city extensions from the early days. Large parts of the Chemnitz Wilhelminian-style district remained in the GDR despite selective construction measures from the end of the 1970s without renovation and in 1990 they were in a poor structural condition. Due to this large number of Wilhelminian-style apartments that were no longer habitable and the extensive number of newly built apartments in the GDR, there was a considerable overcapacity of apartments in Chemnitz following the decline in population since reunification as a result of emigration and declining birth rates.
The renovation of old buildings in Chemnitz had been almost exclusively on the initiative of private companies from 1990 until then.
“The demolition of some historically valuable monuments from the Wilhelminian era in favor of upgrading prefabricated building areas, which was also associated with the“ Urban Redevelopment East ”, was therefore very controversial.” Between 1990 and 2007, more than 250 architectural monuments were leveled. "But now, with a headless demolition policy, the architectural legacy is being decimated [and] the new fallow land is evidence of the utmost ruthlessness towards the urban organism," formulated a well-known architecture critic. Supported by state-subsidized home construction, there has been a strong migration to the surrounding area since the mid-1990s, which benefited rural urban areas such as Reichenhain and Adelsberg .
There was a protest movement by the citizens of Chemnitz against the demolition of the old building, supported by the local and national press. After the end of the demolition funding and the associated demolitions, there was an extensive change in ownership of the unrenovated Chemnitz old building from the municipal housing company to the private sector between 2010 and 2013. Subsequently, a stronger renovation activity of the private sector developed on the Chemnitz old building substance, favored by the interest situation with the construction financing. Part of this development was the Wilhelminian-style district of Brühl, which was converted into a shopping street at the end of the 1970s and has been largely vacant since the 2000s.
Chemnitz has an extensive inventory of historical industrial buildings. With the decline of industry after 1990 and the creation of new commercial areas, the old industrial sites in the city lost their use. Many monuments of industrial history in Chemnitz have been refurbished since 1990 through new uses, such as office use, residential use or use for gastronomic facilities. Due to vacancies with the accompanying decay and a lack of initiative, numerous industrial monuments in Chemnitz were also torn down.
The reconstruction of the Karl-Marx-Städter city center had not been completed in the GDR, so that the Chemnitz city center in the 1990s was not very urban and characterized by residential quarters in industrial construction, administrative buildings, open spaces and multi-lane streets. Several urban planning plans in the course of the 1990s for the further construction of the Chemnitz city center were not implemented. Only with the urban planning framework for the city center in 2000, which, based on the layout of the city center, provided for the densification of the immediate center around the town hall complex by 1945, and the construction of the Galerie Roter Turm shopping center and the Kaufhof department store, structural development began Chemnitz city center.
Numerous internationally renowned architects such as Hans Kollhoff , Helmut Jahn and Christoph Ingenhoven provided the designs for the new buildings . In the 2000s, a new structural edging of the market square and the Neumarkt was created, as well as the “Mittelstandsmeile”, a small-scale district, between the Innere Klosterstrasse and the town hall complex. Since 1990, more than 66,000 square meters of retail space have been created in downtown Chemnitz.
At the DIFA-AWARD 2006 , the international real estate award of the cities, the inner city of Chemnitz was awarded the second prize and achieved the best result of all German participating cities. According to the jury, the inner-city quarter around the town hall is a prime example of successful development policy in Germany as a “successful mixture of retail, office, gastronomy, living, leisure and culture”.
In the period from 2010 to 2015 there were no other new construction projects apart from the construction of a parking garage in downtown Chemnitz. In the coming years, the inner city development should focus on the undeveloped areas on the Getreidemarkt, the areas on Bahnhofstrasse and the “Neue Johannisvorstadt” quarter at the Johanniskirchefocus. For this purpose, the city administration of Chemnitz has developed urban master plans in cooperation with planning offices. On a 1.5 hectare area in the city center, the former “Contiloch”, an office complex was built in 2015, in which the city's technical town hall has been rented since 2017. While hardly any building construction projects have been carried out in Chemnitz since the 2000s, more and more multi-family houses have been built in the city again since 2013. New urban planning plans for the structural densification of the inner-city quarters.
At the end of August 2018, Chemnitz hit the national headlines after spontaneous civil protests , as well as xenophobic and right-wing extremist riots and protests and clashes between various political groups that went on for days in the city on the occasion of a homicide against a 35-year-old German- Cuban .
As a reaction to the events and as a protest against the right-wing extremist riots, an open-air concert with the motto “ We are more ” by well-known bands such as Die Toten Hosen and Kraftklub took place on September 3, 2018, with an estimated 65,000 visitors.
A first expansion of the corridors of the city of Chemnitz took place in 1402 with the purchase of the desolate towns of Borssendorf and Streitdorf and parts of the monastery villages of Bernsdorf , Gablenz and Kappel . In the 19th century, Chemnitz and its surrounding communities experienced a rapid industrial boom as a result of industrialization, but the factories and manufactories mostly settled outside the city for reasons of space and taxation. The surrounding communities soon made the first proposals to be incorporated into Chemnitz for economic reasons. The incorporation process began in 1880, apart from the incorporation of Niklasgasse1844, with the merger with Schloßchemnitz . Up to and including 1900, the heavily industrialized communities Altchemnitz , Altendorf , Gablenz and Kappel were incorporated into Chemnitz. Other communities, Borna and Hilbersdorf , followed until 1914 partly for economic reasons, as well as for the use of settlement space for the workers who had moved to Chemnitz.
The equally industrially strengthened communities of Schönau , Siegmar and Rottluff to the west of Chemnitz rejected the merger with the city on principle. However, the latter was incorporated together with Ebersdorf and Markersdorf in the next wave of incorporation before the Second World War . Only after the founding of the GDR were Siegmar and Schönau, now elevated to the city of Siegmar-Schönau , merged with Chemnitz together with other communities around Chemnitz. After that there were only minor border shifts, including the confiscation of a territory from Neukirchenfor the establishment of the " Fritz Heckert area ".
After the re-establishment of the Free State of Saxony in 1990, the Chemnitz district was dissolved. As part of the district reform in Saxony in 1994, some of the cities and municipalities in the Chemnitz district were incorporated into the new Chemnitzer Land district. The other part went up in the Mittweida district , some communities came to the Middle Ore Mountains and the Stollberg district . For a long time there have been efforts to incorporate the Neukirchen community into Chemnitz. So far this has failed due to the resistance of the district of Stollberg and the community of Neukirchen itself. Chemnitz itself remained an independent city.
The last wave of incorporation so far took place from 1994 to 1999, in which Einsiedel , Röhrsdorf and Grüna, among others , were included in the city. At the end of 1993 the size of Chemnitz was 129.75 square kilometers, at the beginning of 1997 it reached 175.67 square kilometers and on January 1st, 1999 it was already 220.85 square kilometers. After these extensive incorporations, Chemnitz is one of the largest cities in Germany .
Population development and demographics
In 1883 Chemnitz became the 15th major city in Germany with a population of over 100,000 and in 1930 reached its highest population level with a population of over 360,000. Due to the turmoil of the war, the population fell briefly to below 250,000 by 1945, and increased in the following decades - until the fall of the Wall1989 - again by a quarter. Since then, the city has suffered a decline in population. The city has lost more than 20% of its population since 1990, based on the current territorial status. Despite numerous incorporations in the 1990s, the negative population trend could only be stopped for a short time. The city's population fell below 250,000 in December 2003, to around 240,000 by 2011. By 2015 it had risen to over 248,000. On November 30, 2019, it was 246,550. As of April 30, 2020, the population was 245,769.
A Meissen metropolitan dialect is spoken in Chemnitz , which has influences from the Vorerzgebirge . In addition to the no'r already described there , Chemnitz often uses here (Saxon hioorr ) as a filler word. In GDR times, Chemnitz was therefore referred to as the city with the three "o" ( Korl-Morx-Stodt ).
The population of the city of Chemnitz initially belonged to the diocese of Meißen . The city was already the seat of an archdeaconate from 1254 . From 1313 the respective abbot of the Benedictine monastery was the archdeacon. In 1539 the Reformation was introduced and a superintendent was connected with the pastor in St. Jacobi . In 1540 the remaining monasteries were closed. After that, Chemnitz was a predominantly Protestant city for many centuries. The Lutheran creed was predominant , but Reformed people came in the 16th centuryEfforts on which, however, could not prevail. Chemnitz always remained the seat of a superintendent within Saxony. This administrative district is called the ecclesiastical district . The parishes of the city all belong to this church district within the Chemnitz region of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Saxony . The church district of Chemnitz also includes parishes outside the city of Chemnitz. Within the Evangelical Church in Chemnitz there is a regional church community .
Catholics returned to the city in the 19th century . They soon founded their own parish. Like all Catholics in what was then the Kingdom of Saxony , the congregation in Chemnitz belonged to the Apostolic Vicariate based in Dresden, which had been the responsible administrative district since 1743 in the succession of the Diocese of Meissen, which was dissolved during the Reformation. From this administrative district, the Diocese of Meißen emerged (again) in 1921, and since 1980 Diocese of Dresden-Meißen , which belongs to the Church Province of Berlin ( Archdiocese of Berlin ). Chemnitz became the seat of a deanery within the diocese of Meißen , which also includes parishes outside of Chemnitz.
In addition to these churches, many congregations from various free churches can look back on a long service in Chemnitz. These include a congregation of the Evangelical Lutheran Free Church , the Elim congregation (member of the Bund Freikirchlicher Pentecostal congregations ), two congregations in the Bund Evangelical Free Church congregations - a Baptist congregation and a Brethren congregation - the Salvation Army , two Evangelical Methodist congregations and one in Clinic ( Bethanien ) located at the United Methodist Church . There is also a Seventh-day Adventist Churchand a Free Evangelical Church .
There are also 12 Jehovah's Witnesses congregations .
Life in the city of Chemnitz was strongly influenced by a lively Jewish community that emerged in the second half of the 19th century . In 1879 the first burial took place in the Jewish cemetery in the Altendorf district and in 1899 the first Chemnitz synagogue was inaugurated on Stephanplatz. In 1923 the Jewish community had reached its peak with 3,500 members. There were 26 Jewish associations and every third of the 600 Chemnitz manufacturers, every tenth doctor and many artists were Jews. As in all of Europe, many Jewish citizens lost their lives or had to flee as a result of the Nazi terror. In the pogrom night from November 9th to 10th, 1938the synagogue was destroyed. From 1945 there was again a tiny community. In 1957 it had just 35 members. In 1961 the Jewish community was given a community center at Stollberger Strasse 28. In 1989 the community had shrunk to twelve people. After German reunification , the number rose to around 650 members due to immigration from CIS countries . In 2002 a new synagogue was consecrated. Since September 6, 2015, the Jewish community in Chemnitz has had its own rabbi, Jakov Pertsovsky, for the first time since 1938.
In Chemnitz there is also a Muslim community whose prayer rooms are located in the city center.
According to the 2011 census , 12.9% of the population were Protestant and 2.1% Roman Catholic . 85% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. Currently (December 31, 2017) of the 247,422 inhabitants, 28,463 (11.5%) are Protestant and 5,559 (2.2%) are Roman Catholic. 86.3% are non-denominational or belong to another religious community. A decrease in the number of Protestants contrasts with a slight increase in the number of Catholics.
In 1298 Chemnitz already had a mayor and a council, both of which were at the head of the city administration. In the 14th century the council and the mayor had a total of twelve members. From 1415 there were three councils, the "old council" (from the previous year), the "new council" and the "dormant council", whereby the old and new council together resulted in the "full council". The mayor presided over him. After the Thirty Years' War there was only one council. In 1831 a new city order was introduced. Then the citizens elected their representation, which in turn elected the mayor and the paid city councilors. With the departure of the city of Chemnitz from the administrative authority in 1874, the mayor received the titleLord Mayor . Well-known mayors from before 1874 were Ulrich Schütz (around 1500), Georgius Agricola (1546, 1547, 1551 and 1553), Paul Neefe (1556), Atlas Crusius (1663–1675), Christian Friedrich Wehner (1831–1846) as well Johannes Friedrich Müller (1848–1873).
During the time of National Socialism , the mayor was appointed by the NSDAP . Shortly after the Second World War , the Soviet occupying power set up the “City Council” or the city council . Elections took place in the GDR and there was often no real possibility of choosing. Strong direct and indirect pressure was exerted on sections of the population that did not conform to the line, and the elections were not free and independent.
After the GDR joined the Federal Republic of Germany, the body, initially known as the City Council, now known as the City Council , was freely elected again. The chairman of this body was initially a special chairman (from 1990 Reinhold Breede, CDU). The Lord Mayor is the chairman of the city council. The city council also initially elected the mayor. However, since 1994 the mayor has been elected directly by the city's citizens.
List of Lord Mayors since 1874
- 1874–1896: Wilhelm André
- 1896–1908: Heinrich Gustav von Beck
- 1908–1917: Heinrich Sturm
- 1917–1930: Johannes Hübschmann ( DVP )
- 1930–1933: Walter Arlart
- 1933–1936: Otto Härtwig (officiating)
- 1936–1938: Walter Schmidt (officiating, NSDAP )
- 1938–1945: Walter Schmidt
- 1945 Ernst Ring :
- 1945 Fritz Gleibe :
- 1945 Heinrich Engelke (officiating) :
- 1945 : Kurt Wuthenau
- 1945–1952: Max Müller ( SED )
- 1952–1960: Kurt Berthel (SED)
- 1960–1961: Fritz Scheller (SED)
- 1961–1986: Kurt Müller (SED)
- 1986–1990: Eberhard Langer (SED)
- 1990–1991: Dieter Noll ( CDU )
- 1991–1993: Joachim Pilz (CDU)
- 1993-2006: Peter Seifert ( SPD )
- 2006–2020: Barbara Ludwig (SPD)
After Peter Seifert announced his resignation on July 31, 2006 for reasons of age in the spring of 2006, the first round of new elections for the mayor took place on June 11, 2006, in which no candidate could achieve the required absolute majority of votes. The second round was won on June 25, 2006 by Barbara Ludwig (SPD) with 49.65% of the votes cast. However, she was initially unable to take up the office of Lord Mayor because there was a lawsuit against the circumstances of the election. In September 2006, she was initially elected by the city council as administrative administrator, who carries the title of mayor. The swearing-in as elected mayor took place only after the legal proceedings had ended on July 18, 2007. The time as administratorcounts towards the mayor's term of office. In November 2020, Sven Schulze was elected administrative officer because three election challenges were filed against his election as mayor .
The composition of the Chemnitz City Council is characterized by a broad spectrum of party politics, which also includes parties from the political fringes.
After the 2004 election, the parliamentary groups changed due to a change of parliamentary group in two city councilors. Initially, the FDP had four seats, and the Perspektive Chemnitz parliamentary group three. When a city council moved to the FDP shortly afterwards, it won a seat; The Perspective Chemnitz parliamentary group remained two councilors. A city council left the Republican faction, leaving it with four seats instead of the original five. In June 2008, MP Paus left the CDU parliamentary group because, in his opinion, the CDU had come to an agreement with the DIE LINKE parliamentary group on the election of the legal department. The city council therefore had two non-attached members until June 2009.
In the 2009 election, the FDP parliamentary group initially had seven seats. Since there was no civic faction between the electoral associations List C, Perspective and People's Solidarity, the city councils of List C and Perspective switched to the FDP. In September 2010 the City Councilor Hans-Peter Lohse changed again, this time to the CDU; now the parliamentary group of the FDP had eight and that of the CDU 15 seats. In June 2010 one of the city councilors elected on the People's Solidarity List moved to the SPD faction.
The distribution of seats in the city council since 1990
|City council election||May 26, 2019||May 25, 2014||June 7, 2009||June 13, 2004||June 14, 1999||June 12, 1994||May 6, 1990|
|CDU||13||15th||15 (14)||13 (14)||21st||15th||29|
|Die Linke (until 2004: PDS )||10||15th||14th||15th||16||13||13|
|Pro Chemnitz. / DSU (until 2004: REP )||5||3||3||4 (5)||1||-||-|
|FDP||4th||3||8 (7)||5 (4)||2||2||2|
|Perspective Chemnitz||-||-||- (1)||2 (3)||-||-||-|
|List C||-||-||- (1)||-||-||-||-|
|Association of the disabled||-||-||-||-||-||-||1|
|Turnout in percent||61.3||44.1||46.8||43.4||48.7||-||-|
After the local elections in 2019, the following parliamentary groups formed in the city council: CDU (13 members), AfD (11 members), DIE LINKE./Die PARTTEI (11 members), GRÜNE (including VOSI + PIRATEN, 9 members), SPD (7th Members), Pro Chemnitz (5 members) and FDP (4 members).
Coat of arms, flag and official seal
The “Great Coat of Arms” of the city of Chemnitz shows two blue poles in gold on the right in heraldic split shield, and on the left in gold an upright, black, red armored lion ( Meißner lion ). Above the red-lined helmet with a medallion and a blue-silver blanket, it shows a golden crown, growing out of it, two silver buffalo horns with mouth holes, both of which are decorated with five three-leaf silver linden twigs on the outside. Only the shield is used as the “small coat of arms”. The official seal shows the “small coat of arms” of the city with the inscription “City of Chemnitz”.
The crown refers to the former imperial city of Chemnitz, which was pledged to the Saxon princes in 1324 by King Ludwig IV , who came from Bavaria (hence the blue-silver colors) and was not redeemed again. This property changes the lion suggest for the Margraviate of Meissen and the piles Landsberger for Mark Landsberg down. Both heraldic symbols can be found in the seals of the city since the 15th century (see the arms of Leipzig and Dresden ). They were also ruled by the Electors of Saxony as rulers of the city of Chemnitz. Both heraldic symbols have been shown in a split shield since the 18th century.
The city of Chemnitz uses the colors blue (above) and gold (below) as the flag. These city colors, often yellow instead of gold, are often used by city-owned companies.
City arms before 1904
The coat of arms of the city, as an imperial city, was a gate with three towers, on the middle two imperial eagles on shields. As a margravial town of Meissen, three towers standing behind a fortress wall, with an open gate, in which the bust of the apostle James appears as the patron saint of the town in a coat with a staff. Above the gate an open helmet, above it two buffalo horns and on the middle tower ten flags, above in two shields on the right two inclined beams and on the left the Meissnian lion. The small coat of arms only contains the last two shields with the two sloping beams (Saxony) and the lion (the margraviate of Meißen), above it depicting the helmet and two buffalo horns with ten flags, three-leaf diamonds.
The Chemnitz coat of arms was last changed in 1904. In contrast to the existing coat of arms, the lion looked outward to the edge of the shield until 1904.
In addition to the coat of arms, flag and official seals , the city commissioned a signet in the 1990s that could be officially used by every citizen of the city. After discrepancies in city marketing, the “Chemnitzer Copyright C” was replaced by a campaign with the new “Chemnitz - City of Modernity” logo.
The slogan "City of Modernity", which has been officially used since 2007, refers to the city's economic aspiration during industrial modernism and the clear influences of cultural and architectural modernity , which are reflected in the contrasting architectural landscape and in the list of famous sons and daughters . Up until 2007, other slogans, alluding to the Karl Marx Monument and the innovative strength of the region, were “Stadt mit Köpfchen” and “InnovationsWerkStadt”.
Karl-Marx-Stadt became the leitmotif of several pieces of music. The Russian band Megapolis released a hit in 1992, followed by Kraftklub in 2012 with the rap song Ich komm aus Karl-Marx-Stadt and in 2019 their frontman Felix Kummer with the solo single 9010 (former postcode of Karl-Marx-Stadt).
In 1997 Astrid Himmelreich wrote the Chemnitz song . The rock anthem Chemnitz comes from Klemmi, singer of ROCKWÄRTS . Hitradio RTL Sachsen published the Sachsen hit on December 19, 2014 : Chemnitz , a counterfactor from Another One Bites the Dust .
In addition, individual districts maintain partnerships with other municipalities in Germany and abroad. There was a partnership with Irkutsk . Chemnitz is an active member of the European city network Eurocities .
Economy and Infrastructure
The core sectors of the automotive industry and mechanical engineering are closely networked with a broad base of companies from related sectors, especially materials and coating technology , metal processing, automation technology and microsystem technology . This system competence and a strong presence of company-related service providers ensure comprehensive coverage of the value chain .
Since 1995, more than 7,000 new companies have been created in Chemnitz and the region. Well-known companies such as the Volkswagen engine factory , Union Werkzeugmaschinen GmbH and Hörmann Rawema are based in the city. The Continental AG and IBM have branches. The Swiss Starrag Group took over Heckert Werkzeugmaschinen GmbH . Niles Simmons (USA), Barmag (Switzerland) and Anchor Lamina (Canada) are involved in Chemnitz.
The unemployment rate in Chemnitz averaged 13 percent in 2008, which was the lowest value in 15 years. In the following years this value could be further improved, but in April 2018 it was still above average at 7.4 percent and an underemployment rate of 10 percent in a national and Saxon comparison.
In the fourth quarter of 2016, around 115,000 employees subject to social security contributions were working in Chemnitz. The number has been increasing steadily since 2006. The gross domestic product in 2015 was around 8.1 billion euros, which corresponds to 55,407 euros per employed person and 32,795 euros per inhabitant. Chemnitz thus ranks 7th out of 13th in terms of economic output (measured by the GDP per employed person) in a comparison of urban and rural districts in Saxony.
The Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH group, the largest municipal hospital in East Germany, currently employs over 5,000 people, making the company - after VW Saxony - the second largest employer in the Chemnitz region. The former district hospital is a maximum care hospital that is involved in the Schneeberg miners' hospital and operates radiation therapy in Zschopau. The stroke unit at the hospital belongs to the same as the level 1 perinatal center , the breast and the intestinal centerto the units with supraregional importance, the clinic was also selected as one of three model regions for geriatric networks in Saxony. Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH was the first hospital in Germany to be certified in accordance with the Joint Commission International in 2000. As the third hospital in the world, the third re-certification was achieved in 2010.
There are also two standard care hospitals in Chemnitz , the Zeisigwaldkliniken Bethanien and the DRK hospital in Rabenstein , a former Wismut hospital . The Chemnitz DRK hospital cooperates closely with the DRK hospital in Lichtenstein , so both houses have a joint managing director. The Zeisigwaldkliniken has a certified colon and prostate cancer center, in Rabenstein there is a breast and a skin cancer center.
The Carolabad Clinic in Rabenstein is a center for behavioral medicine, psychosomatics, psychotherapy and psychiatric rehabilitation.
Mechanical and plant engineering
Chemnitz has had the reputation of a center of mechanical engineering since the middle of the 19th century. From 1848 onwards, Johann von Zimmermann focused exclusively on the construction of machine tools in his company in Germany. Smiled at by others, he was successful and was the first in Germany to sustainably and permanently build machine tools. Chemnitz has the oldest machine tool factory in Saxony and one of the oldest in Germany: UNION Werkzeugmaschinen GmbH. It was founded in 1852 by David Gustav Diehl, an Alsatian. As early as 1850, 62 percent of all mechanical engineering factories in Saxony were in Chemnitz. Chemnitz thus became the cradle of German mechanical engineering and the most important mechanical engineering location in Germany until the end of the Second World War.
Over 100 medium-sized companies are active in this core industry. In addition, there are more than 500 mechanical engineering and supplier companies in the regional area. The industry is characterized by an export quota of over fifty percent. Outstanding competencies in the Chemnitz area lie in the manufacture of machine tools, textile and special machines as well as in automation technology. More than 10,000 skilled workers are employed in this sector.
Automotive and supplier industry
Auto Union AG was founded in 1932 and was based here from 1936 to 1948. Later this was the seat of the VEB IFA Combine PKW, Karl-Marx-Stadt and the WTZ-Automobilbau (WTZ - scientific and technical center). The companies SITEC Industrietechnologie, ESKA Schraubenwerke, Hydroforming Chemnitz, Anchor Lamina, Niles Simmons and IAV Ingenieurgesellschaft should be mentioned at this point . In the Chemnitz engine plant , a Volkswagen Sachsen GmbH company, 3,400 engines and 3,000 balancer shaft gearboxes are manufactured every day. With the aim of securing jobs in the long term, the Saxon automotive companies cooperate within the framework of theAMZ Association initiative for automotive suppliers Saxony .
Microsystems technology is one of the leading future industries in Germany. In Chemnitz and the region, 40 companies have established themselves in this market segment. A particular locational advantage for Chemnitz is the proximity to the most important user sectors of the automotive industry and mechanical engineering / automation. Intensive research work in the field of microtechnology is carried out at the Chemnitz University of Technology. The TU Chemnitz maintains a center for microtechnology as well as professorships for measurement and sensor technology, microsystems and medical technology, microtechnology and microfabrication technology. The Department for Micro Devices Integration of the Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems is also an important non-university research partnerand the system technology department of the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology . With the Smart Systems Campus , a commercial site was created in 2008 to link the university research facilities of the TU Chemnitz with companies in the microsystem technology sector, which among other things houses the 3D-Micromac AG.
Smart Systems Campus
A competence center for microsystem technology, the “Smart Systems Campus”, was built on 6.3 hectares in Chemnitz. The last construction work was completed in summer 2009. In the immediate vicinity of the Chemnitz University of Technology, the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology and the Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems, young, fast-growing start-ups can settle alongside well-known international companies. The connection between research and development and industrial implementation is facilitated by short distances between one another. The “start-up building” built by the city with a usable area of 2,500 square meters offers space for around 15 start-ups. Around 3.3 hectares are available for company settlements.
High-tech cluster eniPROD
The cutting-edge technology cluster for energy-efficient product and process innovations in production technology (eniPROD) of the Chemnitz University of Technology and the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology prevailed in the Saxon state excellence competition and will receive 35 million euros in research funds from state funds and from the European over the next few years Fund for regional development promoted. The task of the project group is to increase energy efficiency in production. In addition to research, a close and intensive cooperation with industrial users is planned.
eniPROD will make a significant contribution to strengthening Chemnitz's profile as a location for mechanical and plant engineering.
Chemnitz Exhibition Center
The Chemnitz Exhibition Center was opened in 2003 and is located in two halls on the site of the former Wanderer works in Chemnitz-Schönau . For the " Chemnitz Arena " exhibition hall , a production hall built in 1956, in which aircraft engines were manufactured, was converted. A special architectural feature of the Chemnitz Arena are the former test towers for the aircraft engines integrated into the building.
Messe Chemnitz is part of C³ Chemnitzer Veranstaltungszentren GmbH, an independent subsidiary of the city of Chemnitz. It has 11,000 m² of exhibition space in the two halls and 8,000 m² of outdoor space. Every year, around 100 events with more than 240,000 visitors take place at the Chemnitz Exhibition Center.
In the GDR, Karl-Marx-Stadt owned the exhibition halls on the castle pond . After the opening of the Chemnitz Exhibition Center, these were demolished in 2007.
The shopping landscape in Chemnitz is shaped by the shopping centers and department stores that were built after 1990. Historically grown retail structures are less common than in other cities of the same size. In the city center, for example, the Red Tower Gallery (since April 27, 2000), Galeria Kaufhof (since October 18, 2001), Peek & Cloppenburg (since September 3, 2003), Rathauspassage, Schmidt-Bank-Passage, Klosterstrasse and Rosenhof have been built . Large shopping centers (Chemnitz Center, Neefepark and others) were built on the outskirts of the city of Chemnitz.
View of the “ Galerie Roter Turm ” and the Terminal 3 shopping mall
The glass department store of the Galeria Kaufhof by Helmut Jahn
Other resident companies (selection)
- Braustolz GmbH
- Bruno Banani
- Deutsche Post AG - letter center
- Deutsche Telekom AG
- Eins Energie in Sachsen GmbH & Co. KG - energy company in south-west Saxony
- Envia Mitteldeutsche Energie AG - regional energy service provider in Eastern Germany
- Karl Mayer Malimo Textilmaschinenfabrik GmbH, automatic warp knitting machine for technical textiles, inventor of the Malimo textile manufacturer
- Megware Computer GmbH - "High Performance Computing" from Saxony
- OC Oerlikon
- Siemens AG Chemnitz
- Terrot GmbH, knitting machines
- Einsiedler Brauhaus GmbH
- DeSonic GmbH - company in the construction of special systems for ultrasonic cleaning
- ThyssenKrupp Presta Camshafts - assembled camshafts for cars and trucks
Chemnitz is the main center of the former Chemnitz administrative district. The city is a commuter city with around 46,000 in- commuters every day. Around a quarter of the employees in Chemnitz come from the regional environment. This underlines the great importance of the city as an employment factor for the region. The increase in employment in Chemnitz since 2006 is one third higher than in the administrative district. Every third new job in south-west Saxony was created in Chemnitz.
The city is essentially involved in three regional contexts: the metropolitan region of Central Germany, the economic region of Chemnitz-Zwickau and the newly founded regional convention.
Education and Research
Chemnitz University of Technology (TUC)
The Technical University of Chemnitz goes back to the Königliche Gewerbschule Chemnitz , founded in 1836 , which was initially an educational institution for the textile industry. Electrical engineering was added in 1882. Until the end of the Second World War , it was run as the State Academy for Technology and reopened in 1947 under the name of Technische Lehranstalten . In 1953 it rose to the college of mechanical engineering and in 1963 it became a technical college. Finally, in 1986, it was elevated to the rank of Technical University. The Technical University has between 10,000 and 11,000 students.
In order to further improve the cooperation between the city and the university, a corresponding cooperation agreement was made in 2007, which promotes the exchange on many levels.
Around 50 research and development facilities in Chemnitz guarantee a dynamic innovation process for local companies.
- Institute Chemnitzer Maschinen und Anlagenbau e. V. (ICM e.V.)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology (IWU)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems (ENAS)
- Fraunhofer Research Center Systems and Technologies for Textile Structures (STEX)
- Center for Microtechnologies (ZfM) of the TU Chemnitz
- Institute for Mechatronics V. (IfM)
- Institute for Construction and Composite Structures V. (KVB)
- SIVUS gGmbH Society for process, environmental and sensor technology
- Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut e. V. (STFI)
- Cetex Chemnitz textile machine development gGmbH
- Center of Excellence for Automobile Production at the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU and Volkswagen AG
- Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden (IFW), Chemnitz research location
Continuing education and training
- Chemnitz Adult Education Center
- Education center of the Saxon trade gGmbH
- LEB in the Free State of Saxony e. V.
- PROFIL Bildungsgesellschaft mbH
In the 2017/18 school year there were 87 schools in Chemnitz, 45 of which were elementary schools, 16 high schools and ten grammar schools. Until 2008 the number of schools decreased continuously, as did the number of pupils. Since then, however, there has been a stabilization in the number of schools and a significant increase in the number of pupils up to the 2017/18 school year, to which an investment program for the construction of several primary and secondary schools is being responded to.
Well-known schools are the sports high school (formerly GDR children's and youth sports school Karl-Marx-Stadt), at which later top athletes such as Katarina Witt, Michael Ballack and Lars Riedel were trained. The Johannes-Kepler-Gymnasium , formerly “Special School Hans Beimler”, is known because of the participation of its students in various world championships in the mathematical and scientific field. The oldest grammar school in the city is the Georgius Agricola grammar school , which offers bilingual classes, among other things. The Karl-Schmidt-Rottluff-Gymnasium is in an even older tradition, namely that of the Latin school opened in 1399on the Kaßberg , which has been teaching since 1871. Stefan Heym and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff were among his students . The historically significant former Alexander von Humboldt Gymnasium was the “Chemnitz Experimental School” in the 1920s. There is also the Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe-Gymnasium in the Bernsdorf district and the musically-oriented Dr.-Wilhelm-André-Gymnasium on the Kaßberg.
The school landscape in Chemnitz is diversified, from a free Waldorf school to schools with competitive sports orientation (sports high school and sports high school) and independent schools to evening high school and evening high school. The Chemnitz school model is an exception in the Saxon school systemwhich is run as a community school with a “special pedagogical profile”. In the Sonnenberg district, the “Terra Nova Campus” was built as a support center for the physically handicapped for 35 million euros. There are also special schools for the hearing impaired, the visually impaired and the speech impaired. Additional facilities such as a boarding school at the sports high school, a home for physically handicapped children and young people with multiple disabilities, a media education center and a school planetarium are also available.
Inventions and patents
Since 2005, the number of patent applications in Chemnitz has risen by around 67 percent and was 50.3 patent applications per 100,000 inhabitants in 2008.
Young, innovative companies and start-ups find support in the Technologie Centrum Chemnitz (TCC). The TCC is one of the most successful technology centers in Central Germany. As a modern service center, the TCC supports and accompanies technology-oriented start-ups and start-ups. 66 companies with 406 employees are supported in the TCC. You will find the best conditions on 11,000 square meters of workshop and office space. The products of the companies in the TCC are predominantly classified as "higher quality technology" or "top technology". Around 75 percent of the TCC companies conduct their own research and development.
The people of Chemnitz were already very resourceful in the past. Inventions made in Chemnitz include:
- The design of the bandoneon was developed in 1834 by the Chemnitz instrument maker Carl Friedrich Uhlig and called the "New Kind of Accordion" or "Harmonica".
- The zero circle with a fixed axis (1874) and the puncturing spring were invented by the trained watchmaker Emil Oskar Richter .
- The teacher Adolf Ferdinand Weinhold created the basis for the thermos flask . In his textbook “Physical Demonstrations” he described a vacuum jacketed bottle for laboratory purposes.
- Heinrich Gottlob Bertsch invented the first fully synthetic mild detergent (Fewa) in 1932 .
The following bodies and institutions or corporations under public law have their headquarters in Chemnitz :
- Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (branch office)
- Federal Agency for Technical Relief , local association and regional office in Chemnitz
- Chamber of Crafts Chemnitz
- IHK Chemnitz (formerly IHK Südwestsachsen Chemnitz-Plauen-Zwickau)
- State Office for Taxes and Finance, Chemnitz Office (formerly Oberfinanzdirektion Chemnitz and State Office for Finance, Chemnitz branch)
- Regional Directorate Saxony of the Federal Employment Agency (former State Labor Office )
- State Directorate Saxony
- Saxon State Labor Court
- Saxon State Social Court
- Chemnitz District Court
- Chemnitz District Court
- Chemnitz Social Court
- Administrative court of Chemnitz
- Chemnitz Labor Court
- Municipal Social Association of Saxony , Chemnitz branch
- Chemnitz Road Construction Office
- State Office for Road Construction and Transport (LASuV), Chemnitz motorway maintenance authority
- Main customs office in Erfurt - Chemnitz location (formerly the main customs office in Chemnitz)
- CWE / Chemnitzer Wirtschaftsförderungs- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH
- German Pension Insurance Knappschaft-Bahn-See , Chemnitz Regional Directorate (responsible for Saxony)
- Saxon Education Agency ( state authority subordinate to the Saxon State Ministry for Education , which mainly performs the tasks of the former regional school offices)
- Saxon State Office for Museums
- State Research Institute for Health and Veterinary Affairs, Chemnitz location
- Federal Office of Administration, Chemnitz location
The history of the garrison town of Chemnitz goes back to the year 1644, when Chemnitz became a garrison town of Electoral Saxony. In 1739 the military main guard was built on the Topfmarkt (part of the Neumarkt). The construction of the new barracks on Zschopauer Strasse was completed in 1850, and the structure was expanded considerably from 1870 to 1872. A closed barracks complex with parade ground, parade hall, officers' apartments, administration building, military building office, military hospital and military court was built near the inner city for the infantry regiment "Prinz Maximilian", which was completely relocated to Chemnitz from 1877. The regiment, which was renamed several times in the course of several reclassifications in the Saxon Army and most recently from 1903 until its dissolution in 1919 was named Infantry Regiment "Crown Prince" No. 104carried, kept the garrison on Zschopauer Strasse until its dissolution in 1919.
Since structural extensions on the site on Zschopauer Strasse were no longer possible, the necessary buildings for the new machine gun company of the 5th Kgl. Saxon. "Kronprinz" infantry regiment No. 104 established on Kreherstrasse. In 1913 planning began for another barracks on the same site between Breitenlehnweg (today Liselotte-Herrmann-Straße) and Kreherstraße for the III. Battalion of the 104th Infantry Regiment. Due to the outbreak of the First World War, the planned system of four crew houses, a staff building, two family houses, an officers' dining room, a chamber building and a large parade hall could only be partially built. The buildings were used for residential purposes after 1945 and have been converted into condominiums since 2013 after they were vacant. The barracks on Zschopauer Strasse were destroyed in the Second World War and new residential buildings were built around 1960. Parts of the military court building on Ritterstrasse have been preserved.
The barracks complex for the 15th Royal Saxon Infantry Regiment No. 181, which was set up in 1900 and assigned to the city of Chemnitz as a garrison , was built on an area of 120,000 m² on Planitzstrasse from 1902 onwards . At the same time as the barracks were built, the garrison hospital was built in the Zeisigwald. On October 1, 1905, the 3rd Royal Saxon Uhlan Regiment No. 21 "Kaiser Wilhelm II., King of Prussia" was transferred to the barracks. In the same year, the first expansion of the barracks with a cavalry barracks took place. In 1909 barracks were built for the MG company as well as a washing facility and the provisions office. After the demilitarization of Germany through the Treaty of Versaillesthe barracks complex was used for public institutions, including the Saxon state police. The garrison hospital became a public hospital (today Zeisigwaldkliniken Bethanien Chemnitz ). When the Wehrmacht was rearming , the site was again taken over by the military in 1935. After the end of the Second World War , the barracks were occupied on May 26, 1945 by the Soviet occupation forces - the 841st Chernovtsian Guards Artillery Regiment (11th Red Banner Guards Panzer Division). The military hospital was handed over to the city of Chemnitz as a hospital, the former barracks in Chemnitz-Ebersdorf served as the new military hospital. The stationed troops changed several times in the following years, mostly artillery and rocket troops with up to 4,000 men at peak times were stationed in the barracks on Leninstrasse. From 1990 to 1993 the Soviet / Russian troops withdrew. With the exception of two ancillary buildings, the barracks were demolished after a long period of deterioration. The area was then built on with the new physically handicapped school of the city of Chemnitz.
Another large barracks in Chemnitz was in Ebersdorf. From 1912 to 1915 the Friedrich-August-Kaserne was built there for the Reserve Field Artillery Regiment No. 68 , which had been stationed in Riesa . During the First World War, the barracks were used as a prisoner of war camp and then converted into a residential complex. In the 1920s, the automobile production of Moll-Werke AG was housed in the building . In 1935 the area was taken over by the 24th Infantry Division's intelligence departmenttaken over and expanded by several buildings. From 1946 the barracks served as a military hospital for the Soviet troops. From 1983 the 288th Artillery Brigade was stationed in Ebersdorf. The barracks, which were almost completely preserved, had been empty since the fall of the Wall, but were then renovated in accordance with the preservation of historical monuments and converted into a condominium.
Chemnitz is crossed by two motorways. The east-west axis of Erfurt - Dresden runs through the north- west of the city and meets at the Chemnitz junction with the one coming from Hof through the west of the city . The continuation of the to Leipzig is under construction. There are eight connection points to the two motorways in the city of Chemnitz. The one between Chemnitz and Komotau (CZ) via Zschopau and Marienberg is partially expanded to four lanes, the expansion within the city is imminent.
By the Chemnitz city area run the federal highways , , , and . All federal highways form the southeastern part of the so-called Cityring, which completely surrounds the city center. The south ring is to be extended in a north-easterly and north-westerly direction so that in future traffic from the Ore Mountains can be routed via this connection to the motorway . A connection with the one to the west of the city already exists.
The idea of two city rings around the historic center was born in the early 20th century. However, neither of the two rings could be realized. There is a section of the inner city ring in the area between Zschopauer and Zwickauer Strasse as well as a larger part of the outer city ring, the south ring further out of town.
Development of the railway network in the Chemnitz area
Since the completion of the Chemnitz-Riesa Railway in 1852, the city was connected to the other two major Saxon cities of Leipzig and Dresden by rail via Riesa . In 1858 the line was expanded to Zwickau as part of the Niedererzgebirgische Staatsbahn , and in the following years further lines were added to Annaberg in 1866, to Dresden and Hainichen in 1869, to Leipzig and to Limbach in 1872, to Aue and to Marienberg in 1875, to Stollbergas well as to Wechselburg in 1895 and 1902 . In 1903 the freight bypass line to Grüna, intended for freight traffic, followed .
Rail transport today
Regional trains of the Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn run to Dresden and Zwickau every hour, and regional express trains from Dresden also serve the Sachsenmagistrale to Hof . Until December 2011, a regional express connection linked Chemnitz via the Central-Germany connection with Erfurt and Göttingen , since then it has been necessary to change trains in Glauchau . Regional Express trains provide an hourly connection to the national hub in Leipzig Central Station . On the routes towards Annaberg-Buchholz and Vejprtyand to Pockau-Lengefeld and Olbernhau via Flöha and Aue , regional trains run by the Erzgebirgsbahn . The routes to Stollberg , Burgstädt and Hainichen are served by the Chemnitz City Railway .
The routes to Grüna / Wüstenbrand and Limbach-Oberfrohna are closed and are not used for either passenger or freight traffic.
On December 11, 2005, Deutsche Bahn started efforts to improve connections to and from Chemnitz with the Chemnitz-Leipzig Express (CLEX) and the campaign “Start-finish victory: 59 minutes from Chemnitz to Leipzig”. Although the line to Leipzig was expanded in 2004-2006 for a speed of up to 160 km / h in sections, the railway line is largely single-track and also not electrified.
After the closure and demolition of the Chemnitz-Hilbersdorf marshalling yard, Chemnitz is no longer a rail hub in rail freight transport .
After the Interregio Berlin-Riesa-Chemnitz was discontinued in 2006, the Vogtland Express was the only long-distance transport connection in the city. As of December 31, 2012, this line was discontinued and replaced by a long-distance bus line of the same name .
Chemnitz is currently one of the cities in Germany that is hardest to reach by train and the largest German city with no connection to long-distance Deutsche Bahn.
Local public transport
The inner-city public transport use five tram lines , 25 city bus lines of Chemnitzer traffic corporation (CVAG) and 27 regional bus services. Furthermore, several tram lines now lead from the city center to Stollberg, Burgstädt, Mittweida and Hainichen. The low-floor vehicles use both the tram and the railway network. Every day between 11:45 p.m. and 4:45 a.m., eight night bus routes serve all densely populated parts of the city. The city of Chemnitz is part of the central Saxony transport association(VMS) involved. All public transport can therefore be used at uniform VMS tariffs.
The three most important public transport stops are central stops with four tram and light rail lines as well as nine city bus lines, the bus station as the central bus station (ZOB) for regional and long-distance bus services and the main station , the junction of the 19 train stations in the city area as the central transfer point to Rail transport.
The tram route network is relatively small and mainly serves urban districts in the southern part of the city, as routes were closed by the end of the 1980s as part of a re-gauging program (from 925 mm to 1435 mm) and not (yet) reactivated, especially in northern parts of the city. The five tram lines have single-digit line numbers. Around half of all tram vehicles used are low-floor.
All city bus routes are operated by handicapped-friendly low-floor buses that are equipped with electronically controlled air suspension . City buses have two-digit route numbers, the eight night bus routes have the prefix N in front of the two-digit route IDs .
In addition to the purely urban local transport, 27 regional bus routes (operated by Regiobus Mittelachsen and Regionalverkehr Erzgebirge ) are served in the city area . These include two express bus routes . The regional bus routes have a three-digit number.
Since 2014, as part of the “ Chemnitz Model ”, the regional light rail lines to Burgstädt, Hainichen and Mittweida have been successively extended into Chemnitz city center with newly created two-system vehicles in low-floor construction via the tram network. From 2014, a passage was created in the main train station to connect the tram and rail network. After the completion of the new tram route via the Technical University to the Technopark terminus in December 2017, a link to the Chemnitz – Adorf railway line will be the nextcreated in order to develop the southern parts of the city with city-surrounding railways. Further expansion stages provide for the development of northern and eastern parts of the city with tram routes and their respective continuation into the surrounding area.
The regional rail lines of the city-rail Chemnitz Stollberg (C11), Burgstädt (C13), Mittweida (C14) and Hainichen (C15) carry two digit line numbers with a preceding set C . Only low-floor trams are used on the C11-C15 city-suburbs.
Chemnitz-Jahnsdorf airfield is located south of Chemnitz . [obsolete] This airfield is currently being expanded. In the final stage it will have a 1400 m long and 20 m wide runway (superstructure: asphalt). He will then have a terminal with a tower, a gas station and a hangar. The lighting of the runway and taxiways, including the approach flash (approach direction) and PAPI (glide angle), is new. This makes it possible to approach in bad weather and at night, but only for visual flight.
Chemnitz-Jahnsdorf airfield is not the first Chemnitz airport. The first aviation events based on the construction principle “ heavier than air ” took place on 21./23. and 29 May 1911 on the old airfield on Zschopauer Strasse. Years later, a new airport was opened on Stollberger Strasse. The inauguration took place on May 2, 1926 and regular air traffic took place one day later. There were connections to Dresden, Leipzig, Plauen and Prague. As the aircraft became bigger and faster in the 1930s, short trips were no longer worthwhile and scheduled flights were discontinued. Later still used for sightseeing flights, with the beginning of the Second World War the civil air traffic was completely stopped. From 1958 to 1962, Deutsche Lufthansa served the GDRthe airport in domestic air traffic. Airplanes of the type Antonow An-2 served Berlin-Schönefeld (up to six times a day), Dresden, Leipzig and Erfurt. The airfield was used by the GST until the 1970s . Only the airport building (also called "Ikarus") on Stollberger Strasse has been preserved from the former airport, the former airfield was built on and part of the "Fritz Heckert" residential area .
The nearest international airports are Dresden Airport (80 kilometers) and Leipzig / Halle Airport (90 kilometers). There is also Altenburg-Nobitz Airport, about 50 kilometers away , which currently does not offer any scheduled flights. There is no shuttle service from Chemnitz to any of the airports.
Media house Chemnitz
The Medienhaus Chemnitz is located on Carolastraße between the Street of Nations and Chemnitz Central Station. The history of the building begins in the years 1862 to 1864, when the construction of two separate private villas in what was then "Karolinenstrasse" No. 4 and No. 6 began. In the years 1910 to 1911, house no. 4 was redesigned as the headquarters of the Chemnitz Chamber of Commerce according to plans by the Chemnitz architects Zapp & Basarke. After 28 years, in 1938, the Chamber of Commerce acquired property no. 6 and merged the two houses through a structural merger according to the plans of the architect Erich Basarke. After the war in 1945, the house came into the possession of the Soviet military administration. In 1950 the media company again became the headquarters of the Chemnitz Chamber of Commerce and Industry at Bahnhofsstrasse 4-6. After the fall of the Wall in 1991, the house was placed under a preservation order and Bahnhofstrasse was renamed Carolastrasse. From 1991 to 2000, various companies set up offices in the house. In 2000 and 2001 the house was completely renovated and set up as a media house in Chemnitz. There are print companies (such as Telefonbuch-Verlag Sachsen GmbH), radio stations (such as Radio Chemnitz , MDR 1 Radio Sachsen , apollo radio ), production studios (such as soundjack tonstudios gmbh ) and television stations (such as Chemnitz Fernsehen) come under.
The daily newspaper “ Freie Presse ” appears in the former Chemnitz administrative district . With a sold circulation of 311,200 copies per working day in the fourth quarter of 2007 (source: IVW ), it is the regional daily newspaper with the highest circulation in Central Germany. Furthermore, the Chemnitzer Morgenpost (sold edition VI / 2007: 33,000 copies) by Gruner + Jahr appears in the city as a local edition of Morgenpost Sachsen. There is a separate issue on Sunday ("Morgenpost am Sonntag"). The nationwide Bild-Zeitungserves the region with an editorial office in Chemnitz, circulation: 50,600 copies. The monthly city magazines "371 Stadtmagazin" (around 17,000), "Stadtstreicher" (around 17,400), "Blitz! Chemnitz "(around 22,700) and" port01 "(around 8,600) contain an event planner for Chemnitz, Zwickau and their greater area.
The city of Chemnitz publishes the weekly "Official Journal Chemnitz". It is editorially supported by the press office in the town hall and, with a circulation of 130,000 copies, is distributed free of charge to the majority of Chemnitz households on Wednesdays. The “Rathaus-Journal”, which is partly financed by advertisements, publishes official announcements and reports on current events in the city. It can be downloaded as a PDF file (back to 2005) from the city's website.
Since May 23, 1993 the radio station Radio Chemnitz can be received terrestrially on the frequency 102.1 MHz in the Chemnitz region. The "Radio UNiCC" - the university radio of the TU Chemnitz - and the Chemnitz Free Radio from 7 to 11 pm (Saturday and Sunday from 12 noon to midnight) can also be terrestrial on 102.7 MHz Monday through Friday from 6 to 7 pm Radio T can be received. The Saxon apollo radio broadcasts from the Chemnitz media company on the same frequency . One of the Saxon training and testing channels ( SAEK for short ) is based in Chemnitz and broadcasted via live stream on the Internet. The Mitteldeutsche Rundfunk (MDR) reports on the 92.8 MHz frequency in the programMDR 1 Radio Sachsen several times a day from his Chemnitz studio. The private radio channel Radio PSR (100.0 MHz) had a regional studio in Chemnitz from 1992, which was later closed. Regional information from Chemnitz and the surrounding area is also available in the Radio Energy program (97.5 MHz), which has been broadcasting here since June 21, 1993 and initially maintained a regional studio at Rosenhof and later in Schulstrasse (Europark) .
In the Chemnitz region, the television station Sachsen Fernsehen can be received via cable and antenna , which is produced by 09111 Studio Chemnitz GmbH & Co. KG . First, this regional station began on 4 October 1993 with the first quarterly, then half-hour broadcast hub Chemnitz , as the factory daily regional window the analog broadcast on the terrestrial channel 45 VOX interrupted 17:30 to 18:00. The repetition took place from 6:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m., also on weekdays, on channel 47, on which the RTL program was broadcast. Saxony has been a television company since July 1999can be seen all day on the terrestrial channel previously used by RTL. Other licensees are Leipzig TV and Dresden TV .
The SAEK operates a television area in Chemnitz where young television producers can try out their skills. Sachsen Fernsehen provides a program window for this on Sundays. In addition, there was another regional program called MIG Chemnitz TV in 1995/96 , which was broadcast mainly analogue in the RFC cable network. In addition to a screen newspaper, a weekly regional magazine that was repeated daily was shown.
There are also several films with Chemnitz as the location, such as “Picture Book Germany: Chemnitz - The Gate to the Ore Mountains”, the 45-minute documentary was first broadcast on ARD on June 27, 2004. The nine-part youth series “Die Eisprinzessin” from ARD in 1991 also had Chemnitz as a film location.
The episode “Reklamierte Rosen” from the 1976 television series Polizeiruf 110 is set in part in Karl-Marx-Stadt.
The Chemnitz film offspring is supported by the Chemnitz film workshop.
In 2010 Chemnitz became the location for the German film Go West - freedom at all costs, which was broadcast for the first time in 2011 . In the first part of the film, the Chemnitz-Hilbersdorf Railway Museum is the location for a Czech freight yard. In the second part, Chemnitz is a location for a scene in Budapest. The buildings in Chemnitz city center and the Sonnenberg with its striking St. Mark's Church can be seen in the background.
The city's sights, its events and trade fairs and its proximity to the Ore Mountains attract numerous tourists and business travelers. Almost 215,000 guests visit the city every year and spend an average of two days. The share of foreign, mostly European guests was almost 20%.
A large number of hotels were located in the old industrial and trading town of Chemnitz until it was destroyed in 1945. Large houses like the “Hotel Stadt Gotha” or the “Hotel Carola” also shaped the city architecturally. Chemnitz owned hostels and hotels even before the founding period. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe stayed at the Hotel de Saxe on Roßmarkt in September 1810 during his stay in Chemnitz.
The "Hotel Chemnitzer Hof", which opened in 1930 and was built in a modern style, forms the core of the hotel offering in Karl-Marx-Stadt together with the " Dorint Kongresshotel " and the "Hotel an der Oper", as well as a large number of smaller hotels Chemnitz.
The hotel "Chemnitzer Hof" designed by the architect Heinrich Straumer and opened in 1930
Sights and culture
The most famous landmark of the city is the Karl Marx Monument by the Russian artist Lev Kerbel, inaugurated in 1971 . It was the backdrop for pageants and other mass events during the GDR festivities. During the GDR era, the building behind it at Karl-Marx-Allee 10/12 (today Brückenstraße ) served as the headquarters of the district council and the SED district management. At house number 10 there is a blackboard with the slogan “Workers of all countries unite!” From the Communist Manifesto in German, English, French and Russian. The Chemnitz vernacular also refers to the monument as Nischel ( Saxon dialect forHead ). It is the second largest freestanding head in the world after the Egyptian Sphinx and the second largest portrait bust in the world after the Lenin head in Ulan-Ude, Russia .
The Red Tower is the most striking monument from the medieval history of Chemnitz. Its quarry stone base probably dates from the late 12th or early 13th century. During systematic investigations in 1957/1958 it was found that the city wall is younger than the tower and is connected to it. In 1555, the upper floor was made of brick with Gothic facing architecture. For a long time the tower served as the town's front festival. In March 1945 it burned down during the air raids, was given an emergency roof in 1952, rebuilt in 1957/58 and set up as a museum. The Red Tower for Chemnitz has been featured in the German edition of the game Monopoly since September 2007 .
The distinctive orientation point of Chemnitz city center is the double town hall , consisting of the old and the new town hall . The late Gothic old town hall was built between 1496 and 1498 on the site of the previous wooden buildings and was later rebuilt several times. During the Second World War it burned out except for the vaults on the first floor and was increased by one floor during the reconstruction. Which is located at the front of the City Hall tower Judith - Lucretia portal from 1559, which was attached to the side from destruction. The older high tower belongs to the town hall complex, which was probably part of an inner-city self-fortification from around 1200. The tower collapsed on the night of February 3rd to 4th, 1946. The ruins were initially blown up, but the tower was later rebuilt. The New Town Hall was built from 1908 to 1911 according to a design by the city building officer Richard Möbius . The portal from the end of the 14th century comes from the old Latin school, which was then abandoned.
The city church of St. Jakobi is the oldest preserved church in the city. It dates from the 14th century and is located in the city center directly behind the old town hall. It was badly damaged in the Second World War, on March 5, 1945 it burned down due to the impact of a bomb, the vaults and pillars in the nave collapsed in June 1945, and the neo-Gothic interior from the late 19th century was destroyed. By attaching an emergency roof in 1945, preserved parts of the vault could be saved. The bricked-up choir has been used again since 1949. Further safety and repair work on the church took place over the next few decades, the reconstruction in the choir is not yet complete.
The Siegert House with a magnificent baroque facade stands on the market square . It was built between 1737 and 1741 according to the plans of the architect Johann Christoph von Naumann . After the destruction in World War II, only the baroque facade of the house remained. When the building was rebuilt in 1953/1954, it was integrated into the new building.
A remnant of the former Benedictine monastery is the castle church on the Schloßberg, a late Gothic hall church and successor to a Romanesque basilica from 1136. The castle church is assumed to be the place where the city of Chemnitz was founded. The Schloßbergmuseum Chemnitz joins it. In 1945 the castle church suffered bomb damage to the neo-Gothic spire , the roof and the north facade. The damage repair and simplified tower closure took place from 1946 to 1949, the restoration of the interior from 1950 to 1957.
The Theaterplatz represents an inner-city architectural ensemble that suggests the architectural character of Chemnitz before 1945. On the left is the King Albert Museum with the art collections , built in 1909 by the city planner Richard Möbius ; on the right is the Petrikirche , a neo-Gothic sandstone building designed by the architect Hans Enger and consecrated in 1888. Between the two buildings, the opera house (1906–1909 by Richard Möbius) closes off the modernly designed square.
The most important villas in Chemnitz include Villa Esche, built between 1903 and 1911, and Villa Koerner from 1914. Both were designed by the important Art Nouveau architect Henry van de Velde ; Villa Esche was his first residential building in Germany.
The tallest building in Chemnitz is the 301.80 meter high chimney of the Chemnitz-Nord thermal power station , which was completed in 1984 and was designed in color as part of an art project by the French painter Daniel Buren . It is also the tallest structure in Saxony and the second tallest chimney in Germany.
The Chemnitz theaters are a five-part theater. They consist of the theater, the opera, the Robert Schumann Philharmonic, the ballet and the puppet theater. Since the 2013/2014 season, Christoph Dittrich has been General Director of the Städtische Theater Chemnitz gGmbH.
Until the beginning of the 19th century, traveling drama companies made guest appearances in Chemnitz. The Gewandhaus on the market square, built between 1498 and 1500, served as a performance venue. With the industrial boom and the growing population, a first theater hall was built in 1805/06 in the courtyard of the “Hotel de Saxe” on Rossmarkt. In 1836 the citizens of Chemnitz founded a "Theater Actienverein", which collected the financial means for a new theater. From 1837 the new theater building was built in the classical style. The Chemnitz master builder Johann Traugott Heinig was commissioned with the construction. On February 7, 1838, the new Chemnitz city theater was opened, in which traveling theater groups continued to perform. In 1862 the city theater passed into municipal ownership. In 1924/25 the city theater was rebuilt and enlarged, since then it has been called "Schauspielhaus". The old Chemnitz theater was destroyed in the Second World War.
After the destruction of the old playhouse, the ballroom of the municipal nursing home in Rembrandtstrasse was expanded as a new venue for the municipal theater in Karl-Marx-Stadt. In 1976 a fire destroyed the stage building. The current building complex of the theater in the Park of the Victims of Fascism was subsequently built up to 1980 with the construction of the stage and the foyer.
The Karl-Marx-Stadt playhouse was one of the most prominent houses in the GDR. Actors like Ulrich Mühe , Corinna Harfouch and Michael Gwisdek started their careers here. Important contemporary directors such as Frank Castorf , Hasko Weber , Michael Thalheimer and Armin Petras worked in Karl-Marx-Stadt.
A drama studio is attached to the Schauspielhaus Chemnitz. After basic studies at a university, acting students are trained here in practice.
Today's Chemnitz Opera House was opened in 1909 as the “New City Theater”. The architect of the architecturally elaborate building was the Chemnitz city planner Richard Möbius . Originally conceived as a multi-branch theater, the New City Theater developed into a venue for opera and classical drama. From 1925 the New City Theater was called the Opera House. From 1912 Anton Richard Tauber was theater director in Chemnitz and from 1918 to 1930 general director of the city theater in Chemnitz. His son Richard Tauber sang in an opera for the first time in 1913 at the Chemnitz Theater. Well-known soloists and conductors such as Richard Strauss , Paul Hindemith , Max von Schillings andFritz Busch gave concerts in Chemnitz.
The performance of Wagner operas has a long tradition in Chemnitz and has given the city the nickname “Bayreuth of Saxony”. In the 1910/11 season, 42 of the 143 opera performances were Wagner evenings. Often the entire ring tetralogy was listed. On February 13, 1914, the first performance of Wagner's Parsifal stage festival took place in Chemnitz.
In the bombing raids on Chemnitz in World War II, shortly before the end of the war, the opera house was destroyed except for the outer facade. On May 26, 1951, Chemnitz was the first city in Germany to put a rebuilt opera house into operation. From 1957 to 1990 Carl Riha was the opera director in Karl-Marx-Stadt and shaped the method of “realistic theater” at the opera house.
An extensive renovation of the opera house took place between 1988 and 1992. The building was reconstructed from the original version from 1909 and a functional building was added. The auditorium and the foyers were redesigned after the gutting. Today classical and modern operas , operettas , ballets and musicals are on the program of the Chemnitz Opera.
Robert Schumann Philharmonic
The Robert Schumann Philharmonic is one of the most traditional orchestras in Germany. The election of Wilhelm August Mejo as music director in 1832 marks the birth of the Chemnitz City Chapel. This was initially responsible for church music, dance music and other musical performances. With the takeover in municipal administration in 1907 and the opening of the New City Theater in 1909, the orchestra was mainly used in music theater. After 1945 it was still affiliated to the theater as a municipal orchestra, and combined with an expansion in personnel and artistry, it developed into the main organizer of the concert industry in Chemnitz. On the occasion of the orchestra's 150th anniversary, it was renamed “Robert Schumann Philharmonic” in 1983.
In addition to performances in operas, operettas, musicals and ballet, the orchestra's tasks include monthly symphony concerts and numerous other concerts with both symphonic and chamber music ensembles. The symphony concerts of the Robert Schumann Philharmonic take place mainly in the opera house and in the city hall of Chemnitz. The orchestra gives guest performances worldwide. In 2009 the Robert Schumann Philharmonic received the Echo Klassik for the CD with all of the concerts for piano and orchestra by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy , recorded together with the pianist Matthias Kirschnereit .
The international ballet ensemble of the Chemnitz Theater is directed by Sabrina Sadowska . The Ballet Chemnitz shows the classical ballet repertoire and its own creations.
After the opening of the New City Theater in 1909, with its establishment as an opera house from 1925, the Chemnitz Ballet developed into an independent department of the Chemnitz Theater. In the 1920s, well-known solo dancers such as Mary Wigman and Gret Palucca made guest appearances in Chemnitz.
The Chemnitz Ballet dances across all disciplines in operas, musicals and drama. With matinees, rehearsals and training visits, lectures and workshops on topics related to dance, the Chemnitz Ballet offers an accompanying program to the performances. The Opera Ballet School of Ballett Chemnitz offers children from 6 years of age the opportunity to gain experience in children's dance and classical ballet under the professional guidance of a dance teacher.
The Puppet Theater Chemnitz was founded in 1951. It is the oldest communal puppet theater in the area of the former GDR. The theater of the Puppet Theater Chemnitz is located in the Schauspielhaus Chemnitz. There it has the former small stage with around 100 seats.
Chemnitz City Hall
The Chemnitz City Hall was built in what was then Karl-Marx-Stadt from 1969–1974 as the city's cultural center. It forms a structural unit with the neighboring high-rise hotel built in the same period. The leading architect in the construction of the Karl-Marx-Stadt town hall was Rudolf Weißer. The hall building on the floor plan of a hexagon and its façade cladding with honeycombs made of exposed concrete is characteristic of the architecture of the building ensemble of the Chemnitz town hall. The Chemnitz City Hall has two event halls.
The City Hall Chemnitz belongs to the C³ Chemnitzer Veranstaltungszentren GmbH, an independent subsidiary of the City of Chemnitz. Every year around 335 events with around 245,000 visitors take place in the Chemnitz city hall. Since it opened in October 1974, over 17.5 million guests have visited the Chemnitz City Hall.
Chemnitz has two cabaret theaters. The venue for the "Chemnitz Cabaret" is located in the cabaret cellar in the historic Chemnitz market hall. The cabaret "Sachsenmeyer & Co." was founded in 1986 and organizes performances at several venues inside and outside of Chemnitz.
More theater stages
Chemnitz has a number of other theater stages that are privately owned or operated by sponsoring organizations.
The open-air stage "Küchwaldbühne" is located in the Küchwaldpark in the Chemnitz-Schloßchemnitz district. It was opened in 1963 and until 1991 was one of the most popular theater stages in Karl-Marx-Stadt. After 18 years of closure and decay, an association was founded in 2009 to promote the Küchwaldbühne and gradually renovated it. From June to December, theater and film performances, concerts and festivals take place on the Küchwaldbühne.
The Fritz Theater is located in the Chemnitz-Rabenstein district and is a privately operated theater in a former cinema.
The FRESSTheater is located in the historic mirror hall of the former “Hotel Continental” on the station forecourt in downtown Chemnitz. The theater performances take place between the audience during a multi-course menu.
The "complex" is a privately operated theater in a former church in the back yard of a building on Zietenstrasse in the Chemnitz-Sonnenberg district . It does not host its own ensemble, but rather runs its program with co-productions, residencies, guest performances, workshops and arthouse cinema.
Chemnitz owned several other theaters. The privately run “Thalia Theater” was located on Zwickauer Strasse on the edge of the city center from 1850 to 1922. In 1865 this theater, which had been founded as a summer theater in the "Tivoli" inn, received a new building. The vaudeville and operetta house "Central-Theater" had been located in its neighborhood on Zwickauer Strasse since 1902. The architecturally complex building had the largest theater in the city. Both houses were destroyed in World War II.
Opposite the former location of the Central Theater, the former “Metropol Theater”, which opened in 1913 and has 600 seats, is still located today. A cinema has been located in the former variety theater since the 1930s.
The Marble Palace was located on Limbacher Straße until it was demolished in 2013. The concert and ball house, built from 1869, served as the operetta house of the municipal theaters between 1945 and 1963.
In the 1930s to 1940s, the family cabaret Palast-Kaffee existed in Chemnitz on the corner of Kronenstrasse and Langestrasse, which was run by Theodor Harloff . The hall held 400 spectators. The stage had the dimensions: 4.50 m wide, 2.50 m deep and 2.70 m high. The musical accompaniment was provided by a 3-man orchestra.
Linked to the city’s intensified efforts since the 1990s to improve the external image of Chemnitz, the development towards a cultural center can also be observed. The new Chemnitz Industrial Museum is seen as an important milestone in this development . Until the end of the Second World War, the foundry of what was then Auto Union , it included an extensive collection of Saxon industrial history. Witnesses of this industrial development are also the Saxon Railway Museum, the technology museum rope drainage system - marshalling yard Chemnitz Hilbersdorf (together with the SEM also referred to as "Railroad Show"), the museum for Saxon vehicles in the historicalStern garages , the buildings of Wanderer-Werke AG and those of the Presto-Werke , which Auto Union moved into in the 1930s.
Furthermore, the Chemnitz art collections are exhibiting an extensive collection of pictures in the König-Albert-Museum with a focus on impressionism and expressionism and supplement this offer with special exhibitions, some of which are highly regarded. Another important cultural and museum facility is the “Kulturkaufhaus” DAStietz , the exhibits of contemporary art in the Neue Sächsische Galerie and the Museum für Naturkundehouses. Part of the Natural History Museum is the so-called "Stone Forest", a fossil find unique in Europe (approx. 300 million years old rain forest). This unique specimen is accessible to visitors free of charge in the foyer of the "Tietz". The art nouveau character of the city is evident in the “Henry van de Velde Museum” in Villa Esche , where exhibits by the Belgian architect and designer Henry van de Velde are made accessible to the public. Since December 2007, the picture collections of modern and contemporary art of the Munich gallery owner Alfred Gunzenhauser have been in a building specially set up for this purpose, the Museum Gunzenhauser, presents. The city thus builds a bridge to its cultural heyday of modernity at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Museum of City History is integrated in the Schloßberg Museum . In addition to the city's history, medieval sculptures from the Chemnitz Art Collections and the Dresden State Art Collections are presented there. The premises of this museum are used for numerous exhibitions on historical topics. In the Burg Rabenstein is told through various exhibitions of the history of the smallest castle obtained in Saxony.
Moreover, smaller numerous special museums are located in the urban area, such as the German Games Museum , the Ebersdorfer School Museum , the Tram Museum Kappel , the Medical History Collection of the Klinikum Chemnitz and the cultural history Special Museum of Military History and the museum store Ebersdorf .
The development of Chemnitz as a museum location is ongoing. The city of Chemnitz opened the State Museum of Archeology Chemnitz in the former Schocken department store on May 15, 2014 to provide visitors with comprehensive information about the archaeological and cultural-historical development of Saxony.
In the city of Chemnitz, film screenings took place as early as September 12, 1897, two years after the first public film screening in Germany. The cameraman Clemens Seeber and his son Guido presented mostly weekly reviews of the city and its region in the Varieté Mosella-Saal , which were very well received by the audience. The Luxor Palace movie theater opened in 1929existed until mid-2011 after modernization and expansion. With the expropriation of all cinemas in the state of Saxony in 1948, all cinemas in the Chemnitz region became public property. Before and especially after the reunification of Germany, numerous small cinemas both inside and outside the city center had to close for reasons of profitability. The Europe 70 , the world echo or Youth Film Theater (formerly film actor ) may be mentioned here as examples.
The cinema life in Chemnitz is shaped by the Cinestar chain , which operates the large cinema Filmpalast on the Red Tower . It essentially offers films that are also shown in cinemas nationwide. There are also a number of smaller cinemas such as the Clubkino Siegmar , the Weltecho , where other cultural events also take place, the m54 cinema of the Alternative Youth Center Chemnitz e. V., the film club in the middle of the University of Chemnitz and the Metropol , which is known for its offers in the low price segment. The Cinestar cinema in the “Vita-Center” was removed after only a few years due to the population emigrationLarge housing estate "Fritz Heckert" abandoned again.
Stefan Heym Prize
In memory of its honorary citizen and son of the city, Stefan Heym, the city of Chemnitz has awarded the City of Chemnitz's International Stefan Heym Prize every three years since 2008 . It is intended to honor “outstanding authors and publicists who, like Heym, interfered in social and political debates to fight for moral values”. The 40,000 euro award was first presented on April 14, 2008.
The local cuisine of Chemnitz mainly uses the Ore Mountains cuisine . This is due to the high proportion of immigrant population from the Ore Mountains region at the time of industrialization in the late 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The cuisine of the Ore Mountains is mostly characterized by heartiness and simplicity of preparation; the potato is often used as an ingredient. Typical regional dishes are the Klitscher , Quarkkäulchen , at Christmas time the Christstollen and the Neunerlei .
Gastronomy and night life
With 666 catering establishments, Chemnitz has - compared to other university cities in Germany - a high density of pubs of 6.4 pubs per 100 students. The Chemnitz gastronomy is shaped regionally and internationally.
Alternative cultural institutions
Chemnitz has several alternative cultural institutions. Clubs, cinemas, theaters and galleries are located in the houses run by sponsoring associations. The facilities were mostly built in previously vacant properties. Well-known houses are the “weltecho”, the “KOMPOTT” and the “LOKOMOV”.
The Chemnitz "event year" begins on a March weekend with the Chemnitz Linux Days . Other events in March are the Days of Jewish Culture, the MACH automobile show in the Chemnitz Arena and the Chemnitz School Theater Weeks. In addition, the fiesta “la grande” (Easter fiesta), which is well-known far beyond the city gates, takes place in April in the Chemnitz city hall with around 5000 visitors every year. From May to September the arts and crafts market takes place on the first Friday of the month. The Chemnitz Museum Night takes place every May. In the following period from August to September, the Chemnitz city festival is held. Furthermore, the Chemnitz Days of Industrial Culture, an international breakdance event - theSOUL EXPRESSION , the Latin-Chem and the artist fair take place. The cultural festival “Inspections” takes place annually in August and the SCHLINGEL international film festival in October. The "event year" ends with the days of Ore Mountains folklore in November and the Ore Mountains Christmas market every December. In summer, mostly July or August, the splash! Festival the largest hip-hop and reggae festival in Europe. In 2007 it was relocated to Bitterfeld for organizational reasons . It has been taking place in Ferropolis since 2009 .
Chemnitz claims to be a sports city . Arguments for this are the high number of medal winners at the Chemnitz Olympic Games and the high participation of the population in popular sport. The city is also part of the Olympiastützpunkt Chemnitz / Dresden and has a gymnasium with the sports gymnasium, which enjoys an excellent reputation as an elite sports school with a deeper athletic profile. According to a study by the Sports Science Department at Chemnitz University of Technology in 1998 and 2001, around 63% of the city's population are physically active inside or outside a club. The Heavy 24 MTB takes place at the Oberrabenstein reservoir every year in June the largest 24-hour MTB race in the new federal states takes place with 1000 starters.
Once a year, the Chemnitz “Sportsman of the Year” is awarded the Chemmy . Previous winners include such prominent athletes as Matthias Steiner , Lars Riedel, Stev Theloke as well as Aljona Savchenko and Robin Szolkowy .
The world's longest non-stop relay race in the world starts once a year in Chemnitz . The Lauf-KulTour covers 4,000 kilometers around Germany within 16 days. Participants are twelve students from Chemnitz University of Technology .
The city of Chemnitz has around 200 sports clubs with a total of more than 30,000 members. Well-known clubs in the city are the soccer clubs Chemnitzer FC and VfB Fortuna Chemnitz , the gymnastics club KTV Chemnitz and the men's basketball club ( BV Chemnitz 99 ) and the women's basketball club ( Chemnitzer Basketgirls ). Further sports clubs are the basket girls' performance department ( ChemCats ), the women's volleyball team of the CPSV ( Chemnitzer Polizeisportverein ) CPSV Volleys Chemnitz , in floorball (also called floorball) the Floor Fighters Chemnitz , the Chemnitzer Ice Skating Club (CEC), the speed skating club Chemnitz (ECC) , the ice and roller sports club 07 ERV Chemnitz 07 , the boxing club Chemnitz 94 “Die Wölfe” or the wrestling club Chemnitz e. V. The professional track cycling team Team Erdgas.2012 is based in Chemnitz.
The most important basketball clubs are BV Chemnitz 99 (men) and Chemnitzer Basketgirls (women), which split off from BV Chemnitz 99 in 2002. The men have been playing in the 2nd Basketball Bundesliga South since the 2002/2003 season, and in the 2nd Basketball Bundesliga ProA since the restructuring of the 2nd Basketball Bundesliga for the 2007/08 season . In the 2019/2020 season, the Niners, as the sovereign leader of the table, were appointed to promoted to the BBL after the corona-related termination. The women's team returned to the DBBL first division in 2006. Since then, they have been relegated once for financial and once for sporting reasons, but were able to rise again in the following year. They last returned to the first division in 2013.
The volleyball women of the Chemnitz Police Sports Club (CPSV) were promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga South in 2001. They played from 2006 under the name Fighting Kangaroos Chemnitz. The team has been running under the name CPSV Volleys Chemnitz since 2013 . In the 2007/08 season they made it to the first women's volleyball division and played there for one season.
In weightlifting, the Chemnitz AC has played an important role nationally and internationally for decades. Many world and European champions as well as Olympic and Olympic medalists went through their school here: Matthias Steiner , Gerd Bonk , Stefan Grützner , Joachim Kunz , Ingo Steinhöfel , Frank Mantek , Andreas Letz . The Chemnitz AC is also a state, federal and Olympic base.
The sports forum , which opened in 1926 as the Südkampfbahn , is located in Bernsdorf in the immediate vicinity of the sports high school . The sports area includes a main stadium with 18,500 seats, an athletics / multi-purpose hall with a capacity of 1,450 and a cycling track that can accommodate 15,000 spectators. There are also three grass pitches, two hard pitches, an artificial turf pitch, a 50-meter indoor swimming pool, a boxer / wrestler hall, two gymnasiums and a game and judo hall.
The stadium on Gellertstrasse is the home ground of Chemnitzer FC , the stadium holds 15,000 spectators. The Richard-Hartmann-Halle is located directly on Chemnitz and was the home of the men's basketball team NINERS Chemnitz (BV Chemnitz 99) until the 2018/19 season and can accommodate 2,600 guests. The sports hall at Schloßteich , the venue for the ChemCats, has around 750 seats. Since the 2019/2020 season, the NINERS basketball players have played their home games in the Chemnitz Arena, which is also used for other sporting events, such as boxing matches. The exhibition and event hall can accommodate up to 13,000 spectators.
Numerous facilities are available for mass sports outside of clubs. The ice sports and leisure center in Chemnitz in the immediate vicinity of the Küchwald is known as a training facility for Katarina Witt as well as Aljona Savchenko and Robin Szolkowy. In addition to the ice rink with 4000 seats, there is a training hall, a 400-meter speed skating rink and a roller hockey stadium in the area . In the city area there is also the city pool and two other indoor pools and five outdoor pools. Swimming in nearby reservoirs in and outside of the city is popular, such as at the Oberrabenstein reservoir .
Numerous personalities received honorary citizenship of the city. In addition to politicians, the honorary citizens of Chemnitz include, in particular, scientists and people from artistic and cultural life who worked in and for Chemnitz; see the list of honorary citizens of Chemnitz .
The most famous honorary citizens of the city of Chemnitz include the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck , the painter Karl Schmidt-Rottluff , the cosmonauts Waleri Bykowski and Sigmund Jähn , the figure skating trainer Jutta Müller , the two-time Olympic figure skating champion Katarina Witt , the writer Stefan Heym and the former chairman of the board of Volkswagen AG Carl Hahn junior .
- Thematic city maps of Chemnitz. 5 parts on individual architectural epochs. edition full beard, Chemnitz 2002/2003.
- Jens Kassner, Christine Weiske: Reform architecture in Chemnitz. An architectural guide through the city's social and architectural history. edition full beard, Chemnitz 2003, ISBN 3-935534-08-6 .
- Karl-Marx-Stadt (= values of our homeland . Volume 33). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1979.
- From the city archive of Chemnitz. Series of publications. Chemnitz 1998 ff.
- Gabriele Viertel , Stephan Weingart: History of the city of Chemnitz . Wartberg Verlag, 2002
- Announcements from the Chemnitz History Association . Yearbook. Chemnitz 1992 ff.
- German city book. Urban History Handbook. Volume 2. Central Germany. On behalf of the Conference of the Regional History Commissions of Germany with the support of the German Municipal Association, ed. by Erich Keyser. Stuttgart 1941.
- Heinrich Magirius: Karl-Marx-Stadt formerly Chemnitz. In: Götz Eckardt (Hrsg.): Fates of German architectural monuments in the Second World War . Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978. Volume 2, pp. 452-460.
- Tilo Richter: Chemnitz. New buildings in the city center 1990–2003 . Edition Leipzig, Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-361-00580-9 .
- Jens Kassner: Chemnitz in the "Golden Twenties". Architecture and urban development . Heimatland Saxony, Chemnitz 2000, ISBN 3-910186-28-9 .
- Jens Kassner: Living in Chemnitz. 75 years of the municipal housing industry 1928–2003 . edition Vollbart, Chemnitz 2003, ISBN 3-935534-11-6 .
- City photographs. Grimm, Klingenthal 2003, ISBN 3-933169-02-X .
- Stefan Weber: Chemnitz. A city center seeks its face Bildverlag Böttger, Limbach-Oberfrohna 1994, ISBN 3-9806125-2-X .
- Richard Steche : Chemnitz. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 7th issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Chemnitz . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1886, p. 8.
- Bernd Weise: Mysterious Chemnitz . Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2004, ISBN 3-8313-1343-1 .
- CW Zöllner: History of the factory and trading city of Chemnitz, from the oldest times to the present. Reprint of the 1888 edition, Copyright 1976 Verlag Wolfgang Weidlich, Frankfurt am Main, ISBN 3-8035-8901-0 .
- H.-D. Langer: The Treasury of Chemnitz - Just a saga of the ancient city? Rhombos-Verlag, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-930894-70-X .
- Walter Schlesinger : The beginnings of the city of Chemnitz and other central German cities. Investigations into royalty and cities during the 12th century , Weimar 1952
- Official website of the city of Chemnitz
- On the trail of the old cityscape and urban development
- Chemnitz through the ages
- Chemnitz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Link catalog on Chemnitz at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 87.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 94.
- see interactive map of the Landschaftsforschungszentrum eV, Dresden
- Ernst Barth among others: Values of our homeland. Karl Marx City. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1979.
- Main statutes of the city of Chemnitz ( Memento from December 29, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 75 kB)
- Deutscher Wetterdienst: mean values for the reference period 1961 to 1990
- Climate Chemnitz, Saxony - Weather Service , German Weather Service, on wetterdienst.de
- Ernst Eichler , Hans Walther (ed.): Historical book of place names of Saxony. Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-05-003728-8 , Volume I, p. 141.
- Ernst Eichler and Hans Walther : Saxony. All city names and their history. Faber and Faber Verlag, Leipzig 2007, ISBN 978-3-86730-038-4 , p. 50.
- Stone Witnesses - Petrified Forest of Chemnitz , accessed on November 15, 2015.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 6.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 8–12.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 17-20.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 25.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 28–30.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 39.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 36–39.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 43.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 45.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 50/51.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 52.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 57.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 56.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 61.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 63.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 74.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 61/62.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 66.
- Sieghard Bender: The "tough dog" in Chemnitz. mdr, February 4, 2011, accessed November 15, 2015 .
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 66–69.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 75.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 77–79.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 79.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 83.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 84.
- A short story on Richard Hartmann, accessed April 20, 2020.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 85.
- Olaf Groehler : Bomb war against Germany . Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-05-000612-9 , p. 449.
- Heinrich Magirius in Fates of German Architectural Monuments in World War II . Edited by Götz Eckardt, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978. Volume 2, pp. 452-460.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 88.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 90.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 89.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), pp. 95/96.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 95.
- http://www.historisches-chemnitz.de:/ The Franciscan Monastery and the St. Paulikirche , accessed on November 16, 2015.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 96.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 98.
- Katharina Leuoth : "Chemnitz, Karl-Marx-Stadt and back", Free Press, April 23, 2010.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 100.
- CWE, Leading Companies , accessed November 17, 2015.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 102.
- Schloßbergmuseum Chemnitz: House history , accessed on November 17, 2015.
- http://www.zeit.de/2010/45/S-Moessinger Zeit online, Ingrid die Große, from November 4, 2010, accessed on November 17, 2015.
- Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz - Museum Gunzenhauser , accessed on November 17, 2015.
- Viertel & Weingart (2002), p. 103.
- ARD Monitor: Chemnitz old buildings: How a city is ruined with subsidies, May 14, 2009.
- Dankwart Guratzsch: Chemnitz has succumbed to demolition madness. Die Welt, April 14, 2009, accessed November 17, 2015 .
- Dankwart Guratzsch : A city's teeth broken out , Die Welt , May 12, 2006.
- Gudrun Müller: The demolition frenzy is fatal for Chemnitz . In Freie Presse , December 7, 2006.
- Arnold Bartetzky : Instructions for city destruction . FAZ March 24, 2009.
- Lutz Polanz: Chemnitz old buildings - How a city is ruined with funding ( Memento from May 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) , Monitor , No. 593 from May 14, 2009.
- Alexandra Gerlach : Wrecking Ball in Chemnitz , Deutschlandradio Kultur November 11, 2008, accessed on November 16, 2015.
- Chemnitzer Morgenpost: After eleven years, the GGG packs the wrecking ball. 1 August 2013.
- Free press, despite vacancies, the Sonnenberg is undergoing major renovations ( memento from November 25, 2015 in the web archive archive.today ), November 10, 2015.
- Free Press: Brühl-Aufbruch: “Finally something is happening here” , November 11, 2015.
- Bernd Sikora : Industrial Architecture in Saxony , Edition Leipzig, 2010.
- City of Chemnitz: City center of Chemnitz - framework plan 2000. City of Chemnitz, 2000.
- www.chemnitz.de, Chemnitz - Stadt der Moderne ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), accessed on November 17, 2015.
- Press, interview on inner-city development: Nothing more happens there , accessed on November 18, 2015.
- www.chemnitz.de, expert opinion on the urban development of the inner city , accessed on November 18, 2015.
- Free press: Conti-Loch-Bebauung: Councils accept fewer shops , accessed on November 18, 2015.
- City of Chemnitz: Urban development framework plan "Sonnenberg-Nord" ( Memento from November 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 18, 2015.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Chemnitz. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- © Federal Statistical Office (Destatis): Federal Statistical Office Germany - GENESIS-Online. March 8, 2020, accessed March 7, 2020 .
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Statistics - Population. Retrieved on March 7, 2020 (see link under the table: Current population figures by district - based on the 2011 census ).
- Süddeutsche Zeitung ( Memento from December 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- welt.de: A Saxon commune with brains. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- Rabbi Jakov Pertsovsky
- City of Chemnitz Religion -in%, 2011 census
- City of Chemnitz Statistical Yearbook 2017–2018 Table 2.5 Population by religion 2012 2017, S35 , accessed on February 15, 2020.
- City of Chemnitz: "Sven Schulze elected official administrator" , press release from: November 25, 2020, accessed on: November 26, 2020.
- Election results: District-free city of Chemnitz, city
- party city councilor changes from the voter association Volkssolidarität to the SPD ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Article by Michael Brandenburg in the Freie Presse on May 8, 2009, accessed on June 20, 2013.
- Мегаполис - Karl Marx Stadt. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- Kraftklub - Karl Marx Stadt. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- KUMMER - 9010. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- Chemnitz - song Astrid Himmelreich. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- CHEMNITZ rock hymn. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- HITRADIO RTL Sachsenhit: Chemnitz. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- Queen - Another One Bites the Dust. Retrieved October 19, 2020 .
- Statistics of the employment office, detailed information
- Statistics from the Employment Agency, as of April 2018
- Statistical quarterly report II / 2017 (PDF; 258 kB)
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Gross domestic product at market prices in the independent city of Chemnitz 1992 to 2015
- Media information 100/2017 of the State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (PDF; 153 kB)
- Members of the Healthy Cities Network
- How do I find the right clinic on the Internet?
- Press release of the Chemnitz Clinic ( Memento from January 31, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 40 kB)
- Homepage of the high-tech cluster eniPROD
- History of the Chemnitz Exhibition Center , May 30, 2016.
- Facts & Figures Chemnitz Exhibition Center , May 30, 2016.
- Sachsen Fernsehen, demolition of the exhibition halls on the Schlossteich ( memento from June 5, 2016 in the web archive archive.today ), May 30, 2016.
- City gallery "Roter Turm" opened in Chemnitz / Risen from the ruins - Architecture and Architects - News / Messages / News - BauNetz.de
- Department store opened in Chemnitz / In the glass house - Architecture and Architects - News / Messages / News - BauNetz.de
- Chemnitz has its city again :: lr-online
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Press release of September 27, 2007 "The workplace at home is becoming increasingly rare - more and more Saxon employees commute"
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Schools and pupils at general education schools and schools of the second educational path according to independent cities and districts
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Schools and pupils at primary schools according to independent cities and districts
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Schools and pupils at middle and high schools according to district-free cities and districts
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Schools and pupils at grammar schools according to independent cities and districts
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Schools (general picture) (number); Chemnitz, city
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Students (general picture) (number); All in all; Chemnitz, city
- Press release 610/2018 of the City of Chemnitz: Chemnitz sets up extensive school investment program - over 100 million euros in new school buildings by 2024
- Press release 71/2016 of the City of Chemnitz: Terra Nova Campus - The Discovery School: Support center for the physically handicapped completed
- Bandoneon returns to its place of origin | Free press - Chemnitz. Retrieved July 20, 2020 .
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: East representative welcomes expansion of the BVA location. Retrieved July 9, 2020 .
- Maximilian Residenz - Die Geschichte, Bert Lochmann ( Memento from November 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 24, 2015.
- [Study] How accessible are major German cities by train? In: future mobility. Martin Randelhoff, December 5, 2011, accessed October 4, 2017 .
- http://www.chemnitzer-modell.de:/ Level 1
- Traffic development 2015 of the city of Chemnitz, Chemnitzer Modell - Linking Point Central Station ( Memento from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 1384 kB)
- Historisches Chemnitz: Chemnitzer Flugtage 1911
- Historical Chemnitz: Air traffic in Chemnitz
- Medienhaus Chemnitz: "website / des Medienhaus Chemnitz" ( Memento from September 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- IVW e. V .: "Circulation figures for the 4th quarter 2010" (516 kB, zip)
- City of Chemnitz: Services of the offices: "Archive of the Chemnitzer Official Journal" ( Memento from December 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Chemnitz film workshop
- ProSieben press release , PDF , accessed on January 8, 2011.
- CMT City-Management und Tourismus Chemnitz GmbH: Tourism report ( Memento from July 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Lenin is bigger than Marx ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Heinrich Magirius in: Götz Eckardt (Hrsg.): Fates of German architectural monuments in the Second World War . Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, p. 454.
- Heinrich Magirius in: Götz Eckardt (Hrsg.): Fates of German architectural monuments in the Second World War . Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, p. 453.
- Fitzcarraldo's dream - Savior wanted. The Kulturpalast Rabenstein near Chemnitz is threatened with demolition. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . July 16, 2011, p. 34.
- Chemnitz, Stadt der Moderne, Städtische Theater , accessed on June 13, 2016.
- Das Schauspielhaus , accessed on October 1, 2016.
- Theater Chemnitz, Das Schauspielhaus ( Memento from August 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 1, 2016.
- Theater Chemnitz, Robert-Schumann-Philharmonie ( memento from October 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 1, 2016.
- Theater Chemnitz, Das Ballett Chemnitz ( memento from October 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 1, 2016.
- & Tanztheater Ensembles in Deutschland, Das Ballett Chemnitz ( memento from October 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 13, 2016.
- Chemnitz, Stadt der Moderne, Figurentheater ( Memento from August 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 13, 2016.
- Time travel to the Chemnitz Hall , accessed on June 19, 2016.
- Stadthalle Chemnitz, Wir über uns - The company , accessed on October 1, 2016.
- Theater stages in Chemnitz , accessed on June 18, 2016.
- Tivoli and Thalia Theaters , accessed October 1, 2016.
- Das Central-Theater , accessed October 1, 2016.
- The Marble Palace , accessed October 1, 2016.
- Address book of international artistry, 1939, Wilhelm Ritter Verlag, Berlin-Dahlem, p. 56.
- Address book of international artistry, 1940/41, 2nd edition, Wilhelm Ritter Verlag, Berlin-Dahlem, p. 80.
- Address book of international artistry, 1941/42, 3rd edition, Wilhelm Ritter Verlag, Berlin-Dahlem, p. 80.
- Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: Prelude by a nurse . (Medical History Collection Chemnitz) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1, Northern Germany. S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 , pp. 184-185.
- freiepresse.de: Museum of Archeology will not open until the beginning of 2014
- Saxon State Ministry for Science and Art Medienservice Sachsen from January 16, 2014: Saxony's cultural history has a permanent exhibition space: State Museum for Archeology Chemnitz opened on May 16, 2014 , accessed on January 17, 2014.
- mdr.de: The name of the future state museum is fixed ( Memento from January 5, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- smac.sachsen.de ( Memento from July 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Focus No. 48/2007: 55 cities in comparison. Where studying is really fun
- Press release from the Technical University of Chemnitz: FOCUS ranking: Chemnitz offers the best study environment in the east
- Website of the city of Chemnitz with a historical description of the sports city of Chemnitz ( memento of December 29, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) accessed on April 15, 2010
- Internet site of the city of Chemnitz with an introductory description of sport in the city of Chemnitz ( memento of April 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) accessed on April 15, 2010
- Internet site of the Technical University of Chemnitz: “Sportstadt Chemnitz ?! or: On the way to a sport and exercise-friendly city " ( Memento from February 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- TanzSportClub Synchron ( Memento from February 18, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Wheelchair dance , accessed on December 8, 2011.
- NINERS move into the fair and start selling season tickets, NINERS Chemnitz in the BARMER 2. Basketball Bundesliga ProA. Retrieved January 7, 2020 .