Chemnitz art collections

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Chemnitz art collections
place Chemnitz
Art history museum
ISIL DE-MUS-843416
The König-Albert-Museum is the seat of the municipal art collections and houses the museum on Theaterplatz .

The Chemnitz art collections with around 65,000 exhibits are located in the King Albert Museum on Theaterplatz , which opened in 1909 and designed by Richard Möbius .

The Chemnitz art collections were included in the Blue Book published in 2001; they are also responsible for the administration of the Gunzenhauser Museum , which opened in 2007 , the Henry van de Velde Museum in the Villa Esche and the Schloßberg Museum . In 2010 the museum was awarded the title Museum of the Year 2010 by the German section of the International Art Critics Association AICA , especially for its development work since 1990.


King Albert Museum

As early as December 1, 1859, there were initial considerations for the establishment of an association that was to promote the fine arts in particular with exhibitions, lectures and art raffles, and which was then launched on January 24, 1860 and registered under the name of Kunsthütte . At the turn of the century, the work of the Kunsthütte took on new momentum. In 1902, 21 paintings by older masters came to Chemnitz on loan from the management of the Königliche Gemäldegalerie in Dresden , and in 1904 a further six paintings by modern masters were loaned to the Kunsthütte after the museum was completed due to the prospect of representative exhibition opportunities. At this point in time, there was a noticeable revival of the intellectual climate, which the public authorities responded to with the decision to build both a theater and a museum.

After the museum building was completed in 1908, selected associations in the city were able to move in, including the Kunsthütte and the Industrie- und Kunstgewerbe-Verein. They found excellent conditions for the presentation of their collections in the spacious, bright skylight rooms. In the presence of the Saxon King Friedrich August III. Both the theater and the King Albert Museum were ceremoniously opened on September 1, 1909 .

The years of World War I and the November Revolution presented numerous difficulties. The associations in the museum had to keep their exhibitions closed several times. New acquisitions of Symbolism and German Impressionism enabled works by well-known artists such as Oskar Zwintscher , Arnold Böcklin , Ferdinand Hodler , Max Klinger and Max Liebermann to be incorporated into the collection. The portfolio of paintings had grown to 115 works in 1919.

The regulation of art and ownership had become so urgent that the Chemnitz administration finally decided in 1920 to found a municipal art collection in the museum, which in the democratic understanding of the young Weimar Republic was now called the Städtisches Museum. Primarily committed to contemporary art, the Chemnitz Museum, thanks to its clear and far-sighted activity, advanced to become one of the most renowned collections of contemporary art in Germany within just a decade.

The highlights of the exhibition at the Kunsthütte were the XV. Exhibition of the Deutscher Künstlerbund 1920, German contemporary painting 1925, at the turn of the year 1925/26 the exhibition Neue Sachlichkeit (third station after Mannheim and Dresden) as well as personal exhibitions by Lovis Corinth , Emil Nolde , Robert Sterl , Karl Schmidt-Rottluff , Karl Hofer , Max Pechstein , Otto Mueller , Alexej von Jawlensky , Max Beckmann , Oskar Kokoschka , Paul Klee , Lyonel Feininger , an exhibition by the New Secession Munich , the Association Das Junge Rheinland and the artist group Chemnitz . The list bears witness to efforts to convey the positions, above all an objective expressionism .

Paintings from the art collections around 1930

After Friedrich Schreiber-Weigand, who was dismissed in 1933 , was reappointed to the office of director of the municipal art collections on June 15, 1945, the textile and applied arts collection as well as the collection for city history in the Schloßbergmuseum , where in September 1946, were under his management the museum at Theaterplatz was not yet operational again, the first personal exhibition on Karl Schmidt-Rottluff took place after the war. Since both the Kunsthütte and the Textile and Applied Art Collection had been relieved of their property when the associations were dissolved in 1945, both collections came into the hands of the city. In an effort to build on the work of the twenties, Friedrich Schreiber-Weigand headed the house until the end of his life in 1953.

In the sixties and seventies, the head of the art collection at the time, Karl Brix , succeeded in re-establishing personal contacts with Karl Schmidt-Rottluff , so that numerous purchases of his works were made up into the eighties. Finally, in 1984, after the textile and arts and crafts collection and the municipal art collection had already been jointly managed under the management, the merger took place again: The proper name Städtische Kunstsammlungen has been in the plural since then and now comprises the painting and sculpture collection as three departments, the graphic cabinet and the textile and arts and crafts collection.

Renovated since 1992, taking into account the historical preservation requirements, the museum meets today's requirements for a contemporary art presentation. In 2010 it was opened as a pure art museum. In addition to excerpts from its own stock, the Chemnitz art collections show positions of classical modern and contemporary art in changing exhibitions , both from Saxon and international provenance. At the same time, the inventory is continuously being scientifically processed; Individual catalogs are already available, others are in preparation. In terms of conservation, three specialist restorers constantly look after the collections. Museum education programs convey art encounters not only intellectually, but also in an experience-oriented manner, following a playful and holistic approach. Lectures, concerts and interdisciplinary projects also add to the offer of the house. An extensive library with around 80,000 volumes and a script archive are available to the public for research purposes.



The Chemnitz art collections include a collection of paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, including works by Caspar David Friedrich , Johan Christian Dahl , Max Liebermann , Georg Baselitz, and Carsten and Olaf Nicolai . Furthermore, the Chemnitz art collections contain around 300 works, the second largest collection of works by the expressionist Karl Schmidt-Rottluff .

The sculpture collection includes works by Edgar Degas , Aristide Maillol , Constantin Meunier , Wilhelm Lehmbruck , Georg Kolbe , Richard Scheibe , Gustav Seitz and Tony Cragg, among others .

The Graphik-Kabinett owns 25,000 works on paper from Albrecht Dürer to AR Penck , Markus Lüpertz , Jörg Immendorff and Richard Serra .

Art from the GDR era is also in the museum's possession, but was hardly presented in 2010 despite the generous donation from Ursula Mattheuer-Neustädt , Wolfgang Mattheuer's widow and the donation from Hartmut Koch.

The Carlfriedrich Claus Archive Foundation and the Textile and Applied Arts collection, including Coptic fabrics and extensive collections of textiles from the 19th and 20th centuries, including one of the largest collections of socks around 1900 and posters and wallpapers from this period, are part of the inventory of the museum.


The Chemnitz art collections consist of four museums: Museum am Theaterplatz , Museum Gunzenhauser , Schloßbergmuseum and the Henry van de Velde Museum .

In 2001, after the renovation of the Villa Esche built by Henry van de Velde , the Chemnitz Art Collections opened the Henry van de Velde Museum there with numerous objects and furniture by the famous Belgian artist. In 2004 the Schloßberg Museum was added. It is located in a late Gothic monastery and contains objects relating to the history of Chemnitz . After extensive construction work, the entire public property of late Gothic sculptures from Saxony has been presented in the appropriate historical setting since 2009. In 2007 the Museum Gunzenhauser opened as the fourth museum of the Chemnitz art collections, whose collection consists of important works of classical modernism and the second half of the 20th century.



  • The luck of being an artist. Fortunate to be an artist. Peter Iden interviews. Edited by Ingrid Mössinger with co-workers. by Anja Richter. Translated from the German by Pauline Cumbers. Kerber, Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-86678-174-0 (interview volume with Helmut Schmidt, Nina Sten-Knudsen, Anselm Kiefer, Wolfgang Mattheuer, Markus Prachensky, Richard Serra, Markus Lüpertz, Dennis Hopper, Gotthard Graubner, Georg Baselitz, Georg Karl Pfahler, Lothar Quinte, Anthony Cragg, Norbert Tadeusz, Raimund Girke and Ingrid Mössinger; all interviews for the first time in a bilingual publication [German / English]).
  • Artist posters from the GDR 1967–1990. Donated by Margrit and Gerd Becker on the occasion of the exhibition “Artists posters of the GDR, 1967–1990” in the Chemnitz Art Collections, 2009. Edited by Ingrid Mössinger and Katharina Metz. With an introduction by Gunter Ziller. Kerber, Bielefeld / Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-86678-238-9 .
  • Honoré Daumier. “It's a mocker and a sharp joke”. Lithographs, sculptures, paintings. Edited by Ingrid Mössinger and Karin Sagner. With text contributions and a. by Karin Sagner, Charles Baudelaire, Gabriele Juppe. Translated into French by Jean-Philippe Hashold and Françoise Gilbert. Kerber, Bielefeld / Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-86678-168-9 (German, French).
  • Hans Günter Flieg. Documentary photography from Brazil. Documentary Photography from Brazil (1940-1970). Edited by Ingrid Mössinger and Katharina Metz. Among employees by Anja Richter. Translated from the English by Irmgard Hölscher; Translation into English by Carola Kleinstück-Schulmann. With text contributions by Michael Nungesser , Helfried Strauss , Martina Merklinger, Gabriele Stiller-Kern, Sergio Burgi. Kerber, Bielefeld / Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-86678-163-4 .
  • Bob Dylan "The Drawn Blank Series". Edited by Ingrid Mössinger and Kerstin Drechsel. Prestel, Munich a. a. 2007, ISBN 978-3-7913-3944-3 (on the occasion of the exhibition on Bob Dylan's Drawn Blank Series 2007–2008).
  • The Friends of the Chemnitz Art Collections. With texts by Tilo Richter and Kerstin Seliger and a foreword by Robert Rademacher. Chemnitz 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-029720-5 .
  • The Peredvizhniki. Russian realism painter. City of Chemnitz Kunstsammlungen, Chemnitz 2012, ISBN 978-3-930116-13-3 (on the occasion of the exhibition on the Peredwischniki 2012).
  • Revolutionary! Russian avant-garde from the Vladimir Tsarenkov collection. Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz, Chemnitz 2016, ISBN 978-3-95498-269-1 .

Web links

Commons : Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Museum of the Year 2010. Report from AICA, German section. In: International Association of Art Critics, October 7, 2010, archived from the original on March 11, 2016 ; accessed on July 12, 2018 .

Coordinates: 50 ° 50 ′ 15.7 "  N , 12 ° 55 ′ 28.6"  E