Art History Museum
|architect||Julius Robert Enger|
|opening||July 11, 1876|
The Lindenau Museum in Altenburg ( Thuringia ), as an art history museum, houses the collections of the Saxon-Thuringian statesman, scholar and art collector Bernhard von Lindenau (1779–1854). The magnificent building, constructed by Julius Robert Enger, a student of Gottfried Semper , was completed in 1876. It is a listed building .
It has been refurbished since January 2020 and is closed.
Lindenau's collection of early Italian panel paintings is famous . With 180 works, the Lindenau Museum has the largest special collection outside of Italy, which establishes the museum's international standing. The focus is on works by masters from Siena , Florence and Umbria from the 13th to 16th centuries. There are also around 300 plaster casts of masterpieces from Greco-Roman antiquity, but also of works of art from Egypt and Mesopotamia, as well as the Italian Renaissance and Classicism .
After the Second World War, the collections were expanded under director Hanns-Conon von der Gabelentz to include European paintings from the 16th to 20th centuries and German sculptures from the 19th and 20th centuries. The museum also houses a graphic collection of around 50,000 sheets, the focus of which is on graphic portfolios from the 1920s (Alfred Hoh collection, Fürth) and on the work of Gerhard Altenbourg (1926–1989).
In 2009, with the support of the Hermann Reemtsma Foundation , the Cultural Foundation of the Länder, the State of Thuringia, other state institutions and financial institutions , the museum bought more than 100 unique works by the artist Gerhard Altenbourg worth one million euros. As a result, the museum has the largest Altenbourg collection in the world.
The replica of the Sistine Madonna was acquired again in 2014 by the Ernst von Siemens Art Foundation in Munich . Bernhard von Lindenau had the painting done by the Dresden painter Louis Castelli in 1847. It was sold with around 190 other replicas from the museum in the 1960s.
Von Lindenau amassed a collection of 400 ancient Greek-Etruscan ceramics and a historical art library, which served and serves to research his collections. Lindenau made its collections accessible to the public as early as 1848. At the same time, he started an art school, which has been running since 1971 under the name Studio Bildende Kunst to this day. The close connection between an art school and a museum is unique in Germany.
The Lindenau Museum was included in the Blue Book published in 2001. The Blue Book is a list of nationally important cultural institutions in East Germany and currently includes 23 so-called cultural lighthouses .
After a structural renovation of the building and renovation work in the exhibition rooms, the museum reopened on November 5, 2006 with the special exhibition Paris, 158 Boulevard Haussmann (50 Italian masterpieces from the Musée Jacquemart-André , Paris).
At the beginning of 2016, a leadership crisis in the museum was the subject of cultural reporting. As a result of the non-renewal of the contract of the successful museum director Julia Nauhaus, which can be traced back to District Administrator Michaele Sojka , four of 16 members of the board of trustees for the Gerhard Altenbourg Prize, which is awarded every two years, declared their resignation from the board of trustees in protest. The winner of the 2016 award, Miriam Cahn from Switzerland , then rejected the award. Julia Nauhaus took over the management of the Gemäldegalerie and the Kupferstichkabinett of the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna in April 2016.
In August 2016, the museum announced in a press conference that Roland Krischke , the former press spokesman for Schloss Friedenstein in Gotha, will take over the position of director from November 2016.
Support group and support programs
The Friends of the Lindenau Museum e. V. was founded in 1994 and with more than 200 members is one of the largest in the Altenburger Land .
The museum has been awarding the Gerhard Altenbourg Prize every two years since 1998 , which is linked to an exhibition in the Lindenau Museum and prize money and is dedicated to the artist Gerhard Altenbourg.
In addition, the Bernhard von Lindenau scholarship is awarded to graduates of art schools in Central Germany .
Works in the collection
Bernardo Daddi :
Crucifixion of Christ
Lorenzo Monaco :
Escape to Egypt
Fra Filippo Lippi :
St. Jerome in the wilderness
Maurice Quentin de La Tour :
The painter Jean Nicolas Vernezobre
Christian Rohlfs :
Ilm Bridge in Weimar
Max Liebermann :
Dutch farmhouse with two children playing
Max Klinger :
Landscape on the Unstrut
- Bernhard August von Lindenau, museum founder (1845-1853)
- Erdmann Julius Dietrich (1853–1878)
- Karl Moßdorf (1878-1893)
- Balduin Richter (1893-1911)
- Otto Pech (1911-1912)
- Albrecht von der Gabelentz (1912–1933)
- Heinrich Mock (1933–1937)
- Walter Scheidig (1937–1939)
- Franz Schmidt (1939–1945)
- Hanns-Conon von der Gabelentz (1945–1968)
- Dieter Gleisberg (1969–1980)
- Jutta Penndorf (1981–2012)
- Julia M. Nauhaus (2012-2016)
- Roland Krischke (since 2016)
- Julia M. Nauhaus (Ed.): The Lindenau Museum Altenburg - a guide through the collections . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-86104-103-0 .
- Klaus Jena: The Bernhard August von Lindenau art library. Catalog . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2002, ISBN 978-3-86104-044-6 .
- Thomas Matuszak: "… restless and without the gift of sleep". Catalog of the German graphic portfolios, illustrated books and magazines with original graphics edited between 1903/04 and 1932 in the Lindenau Museum Altenburg; the original holdings of the Lindenau Museum, the Hoh Collection acquired in 1994/95 and the acquisitions made since 1995 . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Leipzig 2000, ISBN 978-3-934967-00-7 .
- Ruth Gleisberg, Barbara John, Margit Mahn: Early Italian painting in the Lindenau Museum Altenburg . Seemann, Leipzig 1998, ISBN 3-363-00688-8 .
- Eberhard Paul : Ancient ceramics in the Lindenau Museum. The collections of the State Lindenau Museum Altenburg . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 1992, ISBN 3-86104-015-8 .
Publications on the history of the collection
- Sarah Kinzel: Art for everyone. The painting copy collection Bernhard August von Lindenau . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-86104-117-7 .
- Klaus Jena, Ingeborg Titz-Matuszak, Miklos Boskovits: 150 years of the Lindenau Museum Altenburg . Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 1998, ISBN 3-86104-032-8 .
Exhibition catalogs (selection)
- Roland Krischke (Ed.): Four winds. Pia Frieze. Gerhard Altenbourg Prize 2017 . Exhibition cat., Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-86104-146-7 .
- Roland Krischke (Ed.): Bella Italia. The Museum Haus Cajeth Heidelberg visits the Lindenau Museum . Exhibition cat., Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-86104-137-5 .
- Roland Krischke (Ed.): Altenbourg in Altenburg. The Gerhard Altenbourg Foundation . Exhibition cat., Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-86104-132-0 .
- Julia M. Nauhaus (Ed.): Egypt in Altenburg. Egyptomania in the 19th Century - Unknown Treasures from the Collections. Exhibition cat., Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-86104-116-0 .
- Julia M. Nauhaus (Ed.): Asia in Altenburg. Bernhard August von Lindenau's "Chinese Treasures" . Exhibition catalog, Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-86104-107-8 .
- Ulrich Sinn : Dionysus. God of wine - keeper of wine . Exhibition cat., Lindenau-Museum Altenburg, Altenburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-86104-092-7 .
- Florian Heilmeyer: Cultural lighthouses. The development of important cultural institutions in East Germany since 1989. The Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media, September 2019, accessed on June 5, 2020 .
- Regina Mönch : When the water and the microbes come . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, January 25, 2016, p. 13.
- "Controversy at the Lindenau Museum - Gerhard Altenbourg's homestead in trouble" , Deutschlandradio Kultur, January 13, 2016, accessed on February 9, 2016.
- Julia M. Nauhaus new director of the painting gallery of the academy , Der Standard from January 22, 2016, accessed on February 9, 2016.
- The Lindenau Museum has a new director ( Memento from December 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) MDR Kultur on August 16, 2016, accessed on August 22, 2016.