Piero di Giovanni was probably born in Siena between 1365 and 1371. In 1391 he made his vows as a monk with the Camaldolese and lived as Don Lorenzo in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Florence. Only recently has he been called Lorenzo Monaco (Italian: the monk). The monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli was famous for its illumination and some of the miniatures now kept in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana are attributed to Lorenzo Monaco. As Piero di Giovanni he became a member of the painters' guild in 1402 and from then on lived outside the monastery. Initially, he was under the influence of Giotto's successors, Bernardo Daddi and Maso di Banco . After 1404, the works of Gherardo Starnina and Lorenzo Ghiberti gave important impulses for Lorenzo's work. His works are on the cusp of the 14th and 15th centuries between the Trecento -Painting and Quattrocento -images of Masaccio and Fra Angelico , who was influenced by Lorenzo Monaco.
Lorenzo Monaco’s work consists exclusively of religious themes. One of his main works is the fresco painting with scenes of Mary in the Bartolini Chapel of Santa Trinita in Florence. In addition, he created numerous altarpieces. Its large winged altarpiece Madonna and Child ( Uffizi ) and the Coronation of the Virgin (Uffizi) reflect his usually light palette, his preference for folded curtains, rhythmic, curved shapes and his knowledgeable use of light. Lorenzo's feeling for decorative construction and expressive lines is particularly evident in his small predella works in the Galleria dell ' Accademia in Florence.
In his late work, Lorenzo Monaco is influenced by the international Gothic and his formal language shows dreamlike-ecstatic expressiveness. He was buried in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli .
St. Jakob d. Elderly , 1408 ( Santa Croce , Florence)
- 1387-08, The Baptism of Christ , National Gallery , London
- around 1390, The Nativity , Gemäldegalerie , Berlin
- around 1395, The Last Supper , Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
- around 1395, The Beheading of St. Catherine , Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
- 1404, Pieta , Galleria dell'Accademia , Florence
- around 1405, flight to Egypt , Lindenau Museum , Altenburg
- 1407-09, St Benedict , National Gallery, London
- 1408, Christ on the Mount of Olives and Mary on the Tomb , Louvre , Paris
- 1409, Nativity , Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York
- around 1410, Monte Oliveto altar , Palazzo Davanzati, Florence
- around 1410, Annunciation triptych Galleria dell'Accademia , Florence
- 1413, Mary with the Child , National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
- 1414, Coronation of the Virgin Mary , Uffizi Gallery , Florence
- around 1420, Madonna with Child and two angels , Liechtenstein Museum , Vienna
- 1420–1422, frescoes in the Bartolini Chapel , Santa Trinita, Florence
- 1420–1422, altarpiece in the Church of Sant'Egidio in Florence , Uffizi Gallery, Florence
- 1421–1422, Adoration of the Magi , Uffizi Gallery, Florence
- 1st quarter of the 15th century, Mary with the Child , Scottish National Gallery , Edinburgh
- 1st quarter of the 15th century, Madonna Enthroned , Fitzwilliam Museum , Cambridge
- 1st quarter of 15th century, Coronation of Mary , Courtauld Institute of Art , London
- 1st quarter of the 15th century, St. Jerome , Rijksmuseum , Amsterdam
- Günther Jäkel: Lorenzo Monaco. Bastei-Verlag, Bergisch Gladbach 1967.
- Stefanie Renner: The depiction of the Annunciation to Maria in Florentine painting: from Andrea Orcagna (1346) to Lorenzo Monaco (1425). Lemmens, Bonn 1996, ISBN 3-932306-00-7 .
- George R. Bent: Monastic Art in Lorenzo Monaco's Florence: Painting And Patronage in Santa Maria Degli Angeli - 1300–1415. Edwin Mellen Press, New York 2006, ISBN 0-7734-5968-5 .
- Grazia Maria Fachechi: LORENZO Monaco (al secolo Piero di Giovanni). In: Mario Caravale (ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 66: Lorenzetto – Macchetti. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2006.
- Lorenzo Monaco . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 23 : Leitenstorfer – Mander . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1929, p. 391-393 .
- Giorgio Vasari : Vita di Don Lorenzo Monaco degli Angeli di Firenze. In: Vasari: Le vite dei più eccellenti pittori, scultori e architetti. Newton Compton Editori, Rome 2010, ISBN 978-88-541-1425-8 , pp. 254 ff.
- Giorgio Vasari : The life of Taddeo Gaddi, Agnolo Gaddi, Buffalmacco, Orcagna, Spinello Aretino and Lorenzo Monaco. Newly translated into German by Victoria Lorini. Ed., Commented by introduced by Fabian Jonietz, Wolf-Dietrich Löhr and Johannes Tripps. Verlag Klaus Wagenbach, Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-8031-5063-9 .
- Literature by and about Lorenzo Monaco in the catalog of the German National Library
- List of works (selection) by Pietro di Giovanni (Lorenzo Monaco) from the Fondazione Zeri of the University of Bologna
- Geoffredo Silvestri: La luce di Lorenzo , article from La Repubblica on the exhibition Lorenzo Monaco dalla tradizione giottesca al Rinascimento 2006 in the Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence.
- Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Giovanni, Piero di|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian painter of the early Renaissance|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1370|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Siena|
|DATE OF DEATH||around 1425|
|Place of death||Florence|