Lorenzo Monaco

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Illustration of Don Lorenzo Monaco degli Angeli di Firenze in Le vite dei più eccellenti pittori, scultori e architetti by Giorgio Vasari
Coronation of the Virgin , 1414 ( Uffizi Gallery , Florence)
Annunciation Triptych , ca.1410 ( Accademia , Florence)

Lorenzo Monaco (actually Piero di Giovanni with the spiritual name Don Lorenzo ; * around 1370 probably in Siena , † around 1425 in Florence ) was an Italian painter of the late Gothic period.


Piero di Giovanni was probably born in Siena between 1365 and 1371. In 1391 he made his vows as a monk with the Camaldolese and lived as Don Lorenzo in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Florence. Only recently has he been called Lorenzo Monaco (Italian: the monk). The monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli was famous for its illumination and some of the miniatures now kept in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana are attributed to Lorenzo Monaco. As Piero di Giovanni he became a member of the painters' guild in 1402 and from then on lived outside the monastery. Initially, he was under the influence of Giotto's successors, Bernardo Daddi and Maso di Banco . After 1404, the works of Gherardo Starnina and Lorenzo Ghiberti gave important impulses for Lorenzo's work. His works are on the cusp of the 14th and 15th centuries between the Trecento -Painting and Quattrocento -images of Masaccio and Fra Angelico , who was influenced by Lorenzo Monaco.

Lorenzo Monaco’s work consists exclusively of religious themes. One of his main works is the fresco painting with scenes of Mary in the Bartolini Chapel of Santa Trinita in Florence. In addition, he created numerous altarpieces. Its large winged altarpiece Madonna and Child ( Uffizi ) and the Coronation of the Virgin (Uffizi) reflect his usually light palette, his preference for folded curtains, rhythmic, curved shapes and his knowledgeable use of light. Lorenzo's feeling for decorative construction and expressive lines is particularly evident in his small predella works in the Galleria dell ' Accademia in Florence.

In his late work, Lorenzo Monaco is influenced by the international Gothic and his formal language shows dreamlike-ecstatic expressiveness. He was buried in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli .



  • 1387-08, The Baptism of Christ , National Gallery , London
  • around 1390, The Nativity , Gemäldegalerie , Berlin
  • around 1395, The Last Supper , Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
  • around 1395, The Beheading of St. Catherine , Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
  • 1404, Pieta , Galleria dell'Accademia , Florence
  • around 1405, flight to Egypt , Lindenau Museum , Altenburg
  • 1407-09, St Benedict , National Gallery, London
  • 1408, Christ on the Mount of Olives and Mary on the Tomb , Louvre , Paris
  • 1409, Nativity , Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York
  • around 1410, Monte Oliveto altar , Palazzo Davanzati, Florence
  • around 1410, Annunciation triptych Galleria dell'Accademia , Florence
  • 1413, Mary with the Child , National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
  • 1414, Coronation of the Virgin Mary , Uffizi Gallery , Florence
  • around 1420, Madonna with Child and two angels , Liechtenstein Museum , Vienna
  • 1420–1422, frescoes in the Bartolini Chapel , Santa Trinita, Florence
  • 1420–1422, altarpiece in the Church of Sant'Egidio in Florence , Uffizi Gallery, Florence
  • 1421–1422, Adoration of the Magi , Uffizi Gallery, Florence
  • 1st quarter of the 15th century, Mary with the Child , Scottish National Gallery , Edinburgh
  • 1st quarter of the 15th century, Madonna Enthroned , Fitzwilliam Museum , Cambridge
  • 1st quarter of 15th century, Coronation of Mary , Courtauld Institute of Art , London
  • 1st quarter of the 15th century, St. Jerome , Rijksmuseum , Amsterdam


Web links

Commons : Lorenzo Monaco  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI)