from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 14th century | 15th century | 16th century |
| 1390s | 1400s | 1410s | 1420s | 1430s | 1440s | 1450s |
◄◄ | | 1421 | 1422 | 1423 | 1424 | 1425 | 1426 | 1427 | 1428 | 1429 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Emperor Xuande
Xuande becomes the fifth
emperor of China
from the Ming Dynasty .
John VIII Palaeologus
John VIII Palaiologus
becomes Emperor of the
Byzantine Empire .
1425 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 873/874 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1417/18
Aztec calendar 10. Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th pipes Chicuhnahui Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1968/69 (southern Buddhism); 1967/68 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 787/788 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 803/804
Islamic calendar 828/829 (turn of the year 12/13 November)
Jewish calendar 5185/86 (September 12-13)
Coptic calendar 1141/42
Malayalam calendar 600/601
Seleucid era Babylon: 1735/36 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1736/37 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1463
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1481/82 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Byzantine Empire


Empire of China

Emperor Xuande on the hunt

After the sudden death of his father Hongxi, Xuande becomes the fifth emperor of China from the Ming Dynasty . The first thing he does is break with his father's plan to move the capital back to Nanjing and instead bring the rest of the administration to Beijing . Immediately after taking office, however, the 26-year-old emperor is faced with a much more serious problem, the rebellion of his uncle Zhu Gaoshu, the prince of Han. On September 2nd, he declares war on the imperial court, raises an army and begins to deploy his own imperial officials.

After Grand Secretary Yang Jung assured him that both the administration and the army were united behind him, Emperor Xuande himself took command of the army on September 9 and went into battle alongside the experienced General Xu Lu against his uncle. September 22nd20,000 soldiers storm the city of Le'an and take the rebel prince prisoner. The uprising was quickly put down and Zhu Gaoshu and his entourage were taken to Beijing and executed. More than 600 unfaithful military and civilian officials share this fate, and another 2,200 officials are banished to the borders. Research reveals that two other uncles of the emperor are involved in the plot. Xuande spared them, however, but in return disempowered all Ming princes and condemned them to be completely dependent on the imperial Ming court.

science and technology

Coat of arms of the old University of Leuven

With the foundation bull Sapientiae immarcescibilis, Pope Martin V founds the University of Leuven on December 9th as the studium generale and first university in the Brabant-Dutch area and gives it the same rights, privileges and immunities as the universities of Cologne, Vienna and Leipzig own . The bull gives approval for the establishment of four faculties : an artist faculty, a civil law faculty, a canon law faculty, and a medical faculty.

The St. Ives Bridge over the Great Ouse is completed.

Culture and society

  • around 1425: The original form of the tarot card game emerges in the Po Valley . It is one of the oldest traditional card games in the world.



Date of birth saved

Portrait of Adolf von Kleve, around 1485

Exact date of birth unknown

Johannes Nauclerus

Born around 1425


January to July

August to December

Exact date of death unknown

Born around 1425

Web links

Commons : 1425  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files