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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle of Fornovo, contemporary depiction, 15./16.  century
Venice defeats Charles VIII of France in the Battle of Fornovo .
Manuel I.
Manuel I from the house of Avis becomes King of Portugal .
"God punishes humanity with syphilis", Joseph Grünpeck
The "French disease" is spreading in Europe.
1495 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 943/944 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1487/88
Aztec calendar 2nd rabbit - Ome Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st house - Ce Calli )
Buddhist calendar 2038/39 (southern Buddhism); 2037/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the wooden hare乙卯 ( at the beginning of the year wooden tiger 甲寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 857/858 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3828/29 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 873/874
Islamic calendar 900/901 (turn of the year 20/21 September)
Jewish calendar 5255/56 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1211/12
Malayalam calendar 670/671
Seleucid era Babylon: 1805/06 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1806/07 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1533
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1551/52 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Italian wars

French troops enter Naples
Troop movements before the Battle of Seminara
  • June 28th : Despite a French victory in the Battle of Seminara in Calabria, this does not change the overall situation of the isolated French units in southern Italy.
  • On July 6th, the Battle of Fornovo takes place southeast of Parma . The Venetians and their allies actually succeeded temporarily in driving the French out of Italy in the first major battle of the Italian Wars .
  • July 7th : Ferdinand II returns to Naples as king .

Holy Roman Empire

  • March 18 : Maximilian I arrives in Worms . He is planning an Italian campaign, which he wants to combine with an imperial coronation in Rome.
  • March 26 : The Diet of Worms is opened by the Roman-German King Maximilian I. Contrary to his optimistic ideas, he will not leave Worms until September because the imperial estates are not interested in his campaign but in a comprehensive imperial reform . The Estates negotiations did not officially begin until April 7th , with the Estates first discussing their reform wishes among themselves and without the presence of the King.
  • On April 27, Maximilian declares himself ready at the Reich Assembly to negotiate first about the Reich Regiment , Landfriede and Kammergericht , after which foreign aid and Reich taxes are to be discussed. In the following, Maximilian asked several times for support in Italy and tried to stir up fear that France would be too strong. Despite the terrible news from Italy and appearances by ambassadors from the members of the Holy League, Maximilian was unable to assert himself against the estates.
Coat of arms of the Duchy of Württemberg

Russo-Swedish War


Spain and its colonial policy

Cardinal Cisneros with the legate's cross and miter


science and technology


  • May 15 : The chess book Libre dels jochs partits dels schacs en nombre de 100, ordenat e compost per mi Francesch Vicent nat en la ciutat de Segorb e criat e vehi de la insigne e valerosa ciutat de Valencia by Francesc Vicent appears in print in Valencia .
The defamation of Apelles



Date of birth saved

Date of birth unknown

Born around 1495


First half of the year

Second half of the year

John II of Portugal

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1495  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files