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◄◄ | | 1534 | 1535 | 1536 | 1537 | 1538 | 1539 | 1540 | 1541 | 1542 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

William the Rich
Wilhelm the Rich becomes Duke of Geldern .
Defeat and execution of Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro el Viejo
is defeated and executed by Francisco Pizarro
Battle of Prevesa
With the victory over the Holy League in the naval battle of Prevesa , the Ottoman Empire rises
to become the greatest sea power in the Mediterranean.
1538 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 986/987 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1530/31
Buddhist calendar 2081/82 (southern Buddhism); 2080/81 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the earth dog戊戌 ( at the beginning of the year fire rooster 丁酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 900/901 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3871/72 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 916/917
Islamic calendar 944/945 (turn of the year 29/30 May)
Jewish calendar 5298/99 (August 25-26)
Coptic calendar 1254/55
Malayalam calendar 713/714
Seleucid era Babylon: 1848/49 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1849/50 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1594/95 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Ottoman Empire / Turkish Wars

Khair ad-Din Barbarossa
Pietro Lando

Pietro Lando is elected as Doge of Venice after Andrea Gritti's death on December 28th . He immediately seeks peace negotiations with the Ottoman Sultan Suleyman I.

Holy Roman Empire

Habsburg-French opposition

Kingdom of England

South America

Battle of Las Salinas
Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada

science and technology


Titian: Venus of Urbino



St. Augustine's Abbey

nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Antonia del Balzo

Second half of the year

Titian : Francesco Maria della Rovere (around 1538)
Andrea Gritti ( Titian )

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1538  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files