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completes his main work
Astronomia Magna .
Pope Paul III
Pope Paul III prohibits the bull Sublimus Dei the slavery .
Gripsholm Castle
Under Gustav I. Wasa , construction began
on Gripsholm Castle in Mariefred, Sweden .
1537 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 985/986 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1529/30
Buddhist calendar 2080/81 (southern Buddhism); 2079/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 899/900 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3870/71 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 915/916
Islamic calendar 943/944 (turn of the year 9/10 June)
Jewish calendar 5297/98 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1253/54
Malayalam calendar 712/713
Seleucid era Babylon: 1847/48 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1848/49 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1593/94 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Alessandro de 'Medici

Turkish Wars

Other events in Europe

  • The chicken war , an anti-royalist and anti-absolutist rebellion by the Polish Szlachta , the middle and lower nobility with its center in today's Galicia in Poland , soon ends with minor concessions from King Sigismund I , because the Polish nobility is divided.



  • around 1537: The Hustaler is minted for the first time.

science and technology


Portrait of a young woman called Anthea
  • Parmigianino completes the portrait of a young woman called Anthea, painted in oil on canvas .
  • Book printing and papermaking come to the Bergisches Land through Johannes Soter ; the paper mill and printer, which existed until 1996, publishes important works of humanities.


Sublimis Deus

In the bull Sublimis Deus proclaimed on May 29, Pope Paul III forbids the enslavement of Indians and all other people. The Pope repeated this his position he previously a month in the letter Veritas ipsa from May 2 to Cardinal Juan de Tavera , the archbishop of Toledo , has represented. Paul III declares that the Indians are rational beings with a soul , and rejects any claim to the contrary as devilish. He condemns their humiliation to slaves as null and void, and that applies to all peoples, including those who have not yet been discovered. He grants them the right to freedom and property and closes with an appeal for their Christianization . The bull had a powerful influence on the Valladolid dispute , and the principles expressed in it eventually became the official position of Charles V , although it is often ignored by the settlers and conquistadors .

Corner bible

Bible - Old and New Testament by Johannes Eck, 1537

The Ingolstadt theologian Johannes Eck publishes a German translation of the New and Old Testaments . The Eck Bible was created as a Catholic answer to the Luther Bible from 1534 and is therefore counted among the Correction Bibles. He does not write in an East Central German Saxon , but in a very Bavarian Upper German, similar to the Maximilian chancellery language . With this, Eck differentiates himself not only theologically but also linguistically from Martin Luther. This work was commissioned by the Bavarian Duke Wilhelm IV and is entitled Old and New Testament, according to the text used in the hailigen kirchen, by doctor Johan. Corners, with diligence, interpreted at Hohteutsch . Eck's part of the New Testament is based on the translation by the humanist Hieronymus Emser from 1527 and is based entirely on the Latin Vulgate and not on the original Hebrew and Greek texts as in Luther. His Bible is dedicated to the Cardinal and Archbishop of Salzburg, Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg .


January to August

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1537


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1537  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files