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Heads of State · Obituary · Year of Literature

Paris on Saint Bartholomew's Night, painting by François Dubois, oil on panel
Thousands of Huguenots are murdered by Catholics in Paris on Saint Bartholomew 's Night.
Os Lusiadas
The Portuguese national epic The Lusiads
by Luís de Camões
appears for the first time.
Execution of Tupac Amarus
Túpac Amaru , the last nominal ruler of the Inca Empire, is tracked down, kidnapped and later executed by the Spanish .
1572 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1020/21 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1564/65
Buddhist calendar 2115/16 (Southern Buddhism); 2114/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Water Monkey壬申 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Sheep 辛未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 934/935 (New Year's April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3905/06 (October 2nd/3rd)
Iranian calendar 950/951
Islamic calendar 979/980 (New Year May 13th/14th)
Jewish calendar 5332/33 (September 7th/8th)
Coptic calendar 1288/89
Malayalam calendar 747/748
Seleucid era Babylon: 1882/83 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 1883/84 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1628/29 (April turn of the year)


politics and world affairs


Gaspard de Coligny

England / Spanish Empire

  • May 24: Vice-Admiral Francis Drake sets out on two ships with 72 followers on his second great raid in the Caribbean .
  • July 28: Francis Drake attacks the town of Nombre de Dios in present-day Panama in the early hours of the morning and, after a brief skirmish, captures it. However, he suffers a gunshot wound in the leg and collapses from the loss of blood, after which his people call off the action and retreat to the island of Bastimentos .
  • August 15: Francis Drake sails into the port of Cartagena and captures two ships. He then makes contact with the Cimarrones , with whom he forms an alliance and besieges Cartagena for several months.
  • Autumn: A yellow fever epidemic breaks out among Drake's crew, killing 40% of his people.


The Netherlands in late 1572


With the death of the childless Sigismund II August on July 7, the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland-Lithuania came to an end, and the country became a noble republic with a king elected by the nobility .

Holy Roman Empire

The Beheading of Johann Sylvanus



  • July 5: Chinese Emperor Longqing of the Ming Dynasty dies unexpectedly after five years in office . On July 19, his eight-year-old son Zhu Yijun ascends the dragon throne under the name Wanli . At the urging of Empress Dowager Xiaoding, he is under the influence of Zhang Juzheng , who is appointed tutor to the young emperor. This marks the beginning of a fruitful era characterized by economic upswing and social change.
  • Phra Nga Sen Sulintara Lusai deposes his one-year-old grandson , No Keo Kuman , for whom he has been the regency since the previous year, and makes himself the new king of Lan Xang .

Inca Empire


science and technology

Duke Julius



Frans Hogenberg: Magdeburg around 1572
Calicut 1572 from the Civitates Orbis Terrarum

From 1572 Georg Braun published the city views work Civitates Orbis Terrarum . The six-volume work up to 1618, presumably inspired by Sebastian Münster 's Cosmographia , clearly based in format and layout on Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum orbis terrarum , published in 1570 , sets completely new standards and acts as a model and a treasure trove for templates for well over a hundred years . The city views are given inside on double pages, while the respective historical and topographical descriptions are printed on the outside. Frans Hogenberg is essentially the creator of the plates in the first volume. Other people involved include the Dutch miniature painter Georg Hoefnagel and the painter and cartographer Daniel Freese , who supplied templates commissioned by Heinrich Rantzau . Works by Jacob van Deventer , Sebastian Münster and Johannes Stumpf are also used .

Title page Eulenspiegel rhyme wise

The early New High German poet Johann Fischart published the works Eulenspiegel rhyme weis , an adaptation of the Eulenspiegel theme in verse, artliches praise of the lute , all practice grandmother and a preparation in the "Amadis" in the publishing house of his brother-in-law Bernhard Jobin in Strasbourg . In most of his works he uses the art of wordplay and doggerel verse .

The epic Os Lusíadas ( The Lusiads ) by Luís de Camões appears for the first time. Dedicated to King Sebastian of Portugal , the work depicts in verse form (adapted from Homer 's Odyssey ) the idealized history of Portugal from its beginnings to the time of Camões, particularly the Portuguese discoveries and conquests in Asia. Because of its quality, but also because of its great patriotism, it is considered the greatest testimony of Portuguese literature and makes Camões the Portuguese national poet to this day . The Lusiads are the inhabitants of Lusitania , the Roman name for Portugal said to derive from Lusus , a companion of Bacchus . The work consists of 10 cantos, each containing a different number of stanzas . The 1,102 stanzas contain a total of 8,816 verses .


The autumn

Giuseppe Arcimboldo creates the second series of The Four Seasons while staying at the Prague court . The works, three of which survive today, are painted in oil on canvas.



On February 24th, Archduke Karl II granted the estates of Inner Austria full freedom of conscience and freedom of religion in the Libell of Graz , subject to the condition of due obedience to him.

Coat of arms of Gregory XIII

On May 13, in less than 24 hours, the conclave elected Ugo Buoncompagni, a consistent representative of the Counter-Reformation , as the successor to Pope Pius V , who died on May 1. The new pope took the name Gregory XIII. on. Gregor is a supporter of science and education. On October 7, he renames the feast of Our Lady of Victories , introduced by his predecessor on the occasion of the won naval battle of Lepanto , to Our Lady of the Rosary .


date of birth saved

  • January 22: John Donne , English novelist and metaphysical poet (died 1631)
  • January 23: Johanna Franziska von Chantal , French noblewoman, founder of the Sisters of the Visitation of Mary (Salesians), Catholic saint (died 1641)
  • February 1: Ellen Marsvin , influential mother-in-law of the Danish king Christian IV (d. 1649)
  • March 20: Otto III. , Duke of Brunswick-Harburg († 1641)
Moritz of Hesse-Kassel

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1572


First half of the year

Second half of the year

John Knox

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1572  - Collection of images, videos and audio files