1572

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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Year of Literature

1572
Paris during Bartholomew's Night, painting by François Dubois, oil on panel
In the St. Bartholomew's Day in Paris are
thousands Huguenots murdered by Catholics.
Os Lusíadas
The Portuguese national epic The Lusiads
by Luís de Camões
appears for the first time.
Execution of Túpac Amarus
Túpac Amaru , the last nominal ruler of the Inca Empire, is tracked down by the Spaniards , kidnapped and later executed.
1572 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1020/21 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1564/65
Buddhist calendar 2115/16 (southern Buddhism); 2114/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the water monkey壬申 ( at the beginning of the year metal sheep 辛未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 934/935 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3905/06 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 950/951
Islamic calendar 979/980 (turn of the year 13/14 May)
Jewish calendar 5332/33 (September 7/8)
Coptic calendar 1288/89
Malayalam calendar 747/748
Seleucid era Babylon: 1882/83 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1883/84 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1628/29 (turn of the year April)

Events

Politics and world events

France

Gaspard de Coligny

Great Britain / Spanish Empire

  • May 24th : Vice-Admiral Francis Drake sets out with 72 followers on two ships on his second big pirate voyage to the Caribbean .
  • July 28th : Francis Drake attacks the city of Nombre de Dios in what is now Panama in the early hours of the morning and conquers it after a brief skirmish. However, he suffers a gunshot wound in the leg and collapses due to the loss of blood, whereupon his people break off the action and retreat to the island of Bastimentos .
  • August 15th : Francis Drake sails into the port of Cartagena and captures two ships. He then made contact with the Cimarrones , with whom he formed an alliance and besieged Cartagena for several months.
  • Autumn: A yellow fever epidemic breaks out under Drake's occupation, killing 40% of his people.

Netherlands

The Netherlands in late 1572

Poland-Lithuania

With the death of the childless Sigismund II on August 7th, the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland-Lithuania expires , the country becomes a noble republic with a king elected by the nobility .

Holy Roman Empire

The beheading of Johann Sylvanus

Russia

Asia

  • July 5 : After a five-year term in office, the Chinese Emperor Longqing from the Ming Dynasty dies unexpectedly . On July 19, his eight-year-old son Zhu Yijun ascended the dragon throne under the name Wanli . At the insistence of the Dowager Empress Xiaoding, he is under the influence of Zhang Juzheng , who is appointed tutor to the young emperor. This is the beginning of a fertile era that is characterized by economic upswing and social change.

Inca Empire

economy

science and technology

Duke Julius

Culture

literature

Frans Hogenberg: Magdeburg around 1572
Calicut 1572 from the Civitates Orbis Terrarum

From 1572 Georg Braun published the city view work Civitates Orbis Terrarum . The work, comprising six volumes up to 1618, presumably inspired by Sebastian Munster's Cosmographia , in format and layout clearly based on the Theatrum orbis terrarum by Abraham Ortelius published in 1570 , sets completely new standards and acts as a model and as a treasure trove for templates for well over a hundred years . The city views are given on double pages on the inside, while the respective historical and topographical descriptions are printed on the outside. Frans Hogenberg is essentially the creator of the panels in the first volume. Other people involved include the Dutch miniature painter Georg Hoefnagel and the painter and cartographer Daniel Freese as a supplier of templates based on orders from Heinrich Rantzau . Works by Jacob van Deventer , Sebastian Münster and Johannes Stumpf are also used.

Title page Eulenspiegel Reimensweis

The early New High German poet Johann Fischart publishes the works Eulenspiegel rhyming with the publishing house of his brother-in-law Bernhard Jobin in Strasbourg , an adaptation of the Eulenspiegel theme in verse, Artliche Praise der Lauten , Aller Praxis Grandmother and A preparation in the "Amadis" . In most of his works he makes use of the art of pun and Knittel verse .

The epic Os Lusíadas ( The Lusiads ) by Luís de Camões appears for the first time. The work, which is dedicated to King Sebastian of Portugal , depicts in verse (based on Homer's Odyssey ) the idealized history of Portugal from its beginnings to the time of Camões, especially the Portuguese discoveries and conquests in Asia. Because of its quality, but also because of its great patriotism, it is considered the greatest testimony of Portuguese literature and makes Camões to this day the Portuguese national poet . The Lusiads are the inhabitants of Lusitania , the Roman name for Portugal, which is said to go back to Lusus, a companion of Bacchus . The work consists of 10 chants, each with a different number of stanzas . The 1,102 stanzas contain a total of 8,816 verses .

painting

The autumn

Giuseppe Arcimboldo created the second series of the four seasons during his stay at the Prague court . The works, three of which are still preserved today, are painted with oil on canvas.

society

religion

In the Graz Libell, Archduke Charles II granted the estates of Inner Austria full freedom of conscience and religious freedom on February 24, provided that they obey him.

Coat of arms of Gregory XIII.

On May 13, in less than 24 hours, the conclave elects Ugo Buoncompagni, a consistent representative of the Counter-Reformation , to succeed Pope Pius V , who died on May 1. The new Pope takes the name Gregory XIII. on. Gregor is a sponsor of science and education. On October 7th, he renamed the feast of Our Lady of Victory, introduced by his predecessor on the occasion of the won naval battle of Lepanto , to Our Lady of the Rosary .

Born

First half of the year

Moritz of Hessen-Kassel

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1572

Died

First half of the year

Second half of the year

John Knox

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1572  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files