St. Bartholomew's Day in Paris are
thousands Huguenots murdered by Catholics.
epic The Lusiads
by Luís de Camões
appears for the first time.
|Túpac Amaru , the last nominal ruler of the Inca Empire, is tracked down by the Spaniards , kidnapped and later executed.|
|1572 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1020/21 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2115/16 (southern Buddhism); 2114/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||934/935 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3905/06 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||979/980 (turn of the year 13/14 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5332/33 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1882/83 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1883/84 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1628/29 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- August 22nd : The influential Huguenot Gaspard II. De Coligny, seigneur de Châtillon , is assassinated, which he survives unharmed.
- August 24th : Bartholomew Night : Pogrom by the Catholics against the Calvinists ( Huguenots ) in France, in which thousands are murdered.
Great Britain / Spanish Empire
- May 24th : Vice-Admiral Francis Drake sets out with 72 followers on two ships on his second big pirate voyage to the Caribbean .
- July 28th : Francis Drake attacks the city of Nombre de Dios in what is now Panama in the early hours of the morning and conquers it after a brief skirmish. However, he suffers a gunshot wound in the leg and collapses due to the loss of blood, whereupon his people break off the action and retreat to the island of Bastimentos .
- August 15th : Francis Drake sails into the port of Cartagena and captures two ships. He then made contact with the Cimarrones , with whom he formed an alliance and besieged Cartagena for several months.
- Autumn: A yellow fever epidemic breaks out under Drake's occupation, killing 40% of his people.
- April 1 : First rebel conquest in the Netherlands ( Brielle by the Geusen ). See: Eighty Years War
- July 15th : Dordrecht meeting of estates : The cities of the Netherlands decide to be independent from Spain .
- July 19 : The Dordrecht assembly of estates recognizes William of Orange as “their” governor of the Netherlands. The affront to Spain promotes the Eighty Years' War with the protestant provinces striving for independence.
Holy Roman Empire
- With the division of Erfurt after the Erfurt Partition Treaty of November 6, 1572, Thuringia is divided into the new Duchy of Saxony-Weimar and the new Principality of Saxony-Coburg-Eisenach .
- December 23 : Johannes Sylvanus is executed on the Heidelberg market square on charges of Unitarian heresy .
- The Franconian Reichskreis is the only Reichskreis to issue its own police regulations.
- August 8 : Days of fighting in the Battle of Molodi between a Russian army and the invading army of the Crimean Khanate , supported by Janissaries , end with a success for the Russians.
- July 5 : After a five-year term in office, the Chinese Emperor Longqing from the Ming Dynasty dies unexpectedly . On July 19, his eight-year-old son Zhu Yijun ascended the dragon throne under the name Wanli . At the insistence of the Dowager Empress Xiaoding, he is under the influence of Zhang Juzheng , who is appointed tutor to the young emperor. This is the beginning of a fertile era that is characterized by economic upswing and social change.
- Phra Nga Sen Sulintara Lusai overturns his one-year-old grandson No Keo Kuman , for whom he has reigned since last year, and makes himself the new king of Lan Xang .
- July 24th : The Spaniards, led by Captain Martín García Óñez de Loyola, conquer the Inca fortress of Vilcabamba and arrest the last Inca ruler, Túpac Amaru , who is brought to Cusco .
- September 24th : With the execution of the last Inca ruler Túpac Amaru in the Plaza de Armas in Cusco, the Inca empire, which has existed in Peru for centuries, is finally smashed by the Spaniards.
- With the oak shelf, the Princely House of Anhalt-Dessau has secured the unrestricted right to use and replant oaks and beeches .
science and technology
- April 5th : Duke Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel founds the Ducal Library in Wolfenbüttel by issuing a Liberey order with printed works he collected himself .
- The Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe discovered the supernova 1572 with an apparent magnitude of −4 mag in the constellation Kassiopeia on November 11th . Since he thinks she is a new star , he coined the term “ Nova ”.
- L'Algebra , a summary of the mathematical knowledge of his time and his own findings, is published by Rafael Bombelli .
- The University of Nancy is founded.
- Henricus Stephanus (II.) Publishes the first comprehensive dictionary of the Greek language, the Thesaurus linguae Graecae .
- Jean de La Taille describes in his work L'art de la tragédie with reference to Aristotle and Scaliger the basics of the structure of the tragedy .
From 1572 Georg Braun published the city view work Civitates Orbis Terrarum . The work, comprising six volumes up to 1618, presumably inspired by Sebastian Munster's Cosmographia , in format and layout clearly based on the Theatrum orbis terrarum by Abraham Ortelius published in 1570 , sets completely new standards and acts as a model and as a treasure trove for templates for well over a hundred years . The city views are given on double pages on the inside, while the respective historical and topographical descriptions are printed on the outside. Frans Hogenberg is essentially the creator of the panels in the first volume. Other people involved include the Dutch miniature painter Georg Hoefnagel and the painter and cartographer Daniel Freese as a supplier of templates based on orders from Heinrich Rantzau . Works by Jacob van Deventer , Sebastian Münster and Johannes Stumpf are also used.
The early New High German poet Johann Fischart publishes the works Eulenspiegel rhyming with the publishing house of his brother-in-law Bernhard Jobin in Strasbourg , an adaptation of the Eulenspiegel theme in verse, Artliche Praise der Lauten , Aller Praxis Grandmother and A preparation in the "Amadis" . In most of his works he makes use of the art of pun and Knittel verse .
The epic Os Lusíadas ( The Lusiads ) by Luís de Camões appears for the first time. The work, which is dedicated to King Sebastian of Portugal , depicts in verse (based on Homer's Odyssey ) the idealized history of Portugal from its beginnings to the time of Camões, especially the Portuguese discoveries and conquests in Asia. Because of its quality, but also because of its great patriotism, it is considered the greatest testimony of Portuguese literature and makes Camões to this day the Portuguese national poet . The Lusiads are the inhabitants of Lusitania , the Roman name for Portugal, which is said to go back to Lusus, a companion of Bacchus . The work consists of 10 chants, each with a different number of stanzas . The 1,102 stanzas contain a total of 8,816 verses .
- The alchemist Leonhard Thurneysser had a glass ball filled with water made by the Grimnitzer Glashütte , in which birds swim. This is considered to be the forerunner of the first snow globes .
On May 13, in less than 24 hours, the conclave elects Ugo Buoncompagni, a consistent representative of the Counter-Reformation , to succeed Pope Pius V , who died on May 1. The new Pope takes the name Gregory XIII. on. Gregor is a sponsor of science and education. On October 7th, he renamed the feast of Our Lady of Victory, introduced by his predecessor on the occasion of the won naval battle of Lepanto , to Our Lady of the Rosary .
First half of the year
- January 22nd : John Donne , English writer and metaphysical poet († 1631 )
- January 23 : Johanna Franziska von Chantal , French nobleman, founder of the order of the Sisters of the Visitation of Mary (Salesians), Catholic saint († 1641 )
- May 25 : Moritz , Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel († 1632 )
- June 11 (?): Ben Jonson , English playwright and poet († 1637 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Ludwig Jungermann , German botanist and doctor († 1653 )
- August 22nd : Rudolf Goclenius the Younger , German doctor and professor of physics († 1621 )
- September 13 : Daniel Heider , German lawyer and legal historian († 1647 )
- September 15 : Erasmus Widmann , German organist and composer († 1634 )
- September 27 : François van Aerssen , Dutch statesman and diplomat († 1641 )
- November 8 : Johann Sigismund , Elector of Brandenburg from 1608 to 1619 († 1620 )
- November 10 : Kaspar Friederich , Mayor of St. Gallen († 1655 )
- November 22nd : Guilielmus Alardus , poet and hymn composer († 1645 )
- November 25 : Daniel Sennert , German doctor († 1637 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Juan Carlos Amat , Spanish doctor and musician († 1642 )
- Johannes Bayer , German astronomer and lawyer († 1625 )
- Matthias Martinius , German theologian († 1630 )
Born around 1572
First half of the year
- January 1 : Paul Crusius , German Protestant theologian, mathematician and historian (* 1525 )
- January 13 : Jan Augusta , Bohemian bishop (* around 1535 )
- January 13 : William Petre , English politician (* 1505 / 1506 )
- January 22nd : Henry VI. von Plauen , Burgrave of Meißen and Lord of Plauen (* 1536 )
- February 28 : Catherine of Austria , Queen of Poland and Duchess of Mantua (* 1533 )
- February 28 : Aegidius Tschudi , Swiss historian and politician (* 1505 )
- March 5 : Giulio Campi , Italian painter (* around 1500 )
- March 10 : Jacob von Zitzewitz , statesman of Pomerania (* 1507 )
- March 12th : Mem de Sá , Portuguese nobleman, lawyer and Governor General of Brazil (* 1500 or 1504 )
- March 17th : Marcantonio Amulio , Italian cardinal (* 1506 )
- March 22nd : Katharina von Pfalz-Simmern , abbess in the Kumbd monastery (* 1510 )
- March 28th : Annecke Lange , victim of the witch persecution in Neustadt am Rübenberge
- April 2 : Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Duchess of Geldern (* 1494 )
- April 12th : Jean Crespin , Geneva lawyer of French origin, author and printer (* around 1520 )
- May 1st : Antonio Michele Ghislieri, under the name of Pius V Pope (* 1504 )
- May 5th : Margaret Erskine , Scottish noblewoman
- May 13 : Johann Argentier , Italian medic (* 1513 )
- June 2 : Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk , English nobleman (* 1538 )
- June 5th : Ulrich von Mordeisen , Saxon politician and diplomat (* 1519 )
- June 9th : Jeanne III. of Navarre , Queen of Navarre (* 1528 )
Second half of the year
- July 5 : Longqing , Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty (* 1537 )
- July 7 : Sigismund II August , King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, last King of the Jagiellonians (* 1520 )
- August 5 : Isaak Luria , rabbi and religion teacher (* 1534 )
- August 20 : Miguel López de Legazpi , Spanish conquistador (* 1502 )
- August 24th : Gaspard II. De Coligny, Seigneur de Châtillon , French admiral (* 1519 )
- August 24 : Claude Goudimel , French composer (* around 1500 )
- August 24th : Petrus Ramus , French philosopher and humanist (* 1515 )
- August 25 : Christoph Lasius , German Protestant theologian (* 1504 )
- September 22nd : François Clouet , French painter (* 1510 )
- September 24th : Túpac Amaru , last ruler of the Inca Empire (* 1545 )
- September 30th : Francisco de Borja , third general of the Jesuits (* 1510 )
- November 12th : Heinrich zu Stolberg , German regent (* 1509 )
- November 23 : Agnolo Bronzino , Italian painter (* 1503 )
Exact date of death unknown
- May: Guttormur Andrasson , Faroese Prime Minister
- Wulff von Ahlefeldt , heir of Haselau and the Kaden estate
- Jean Goujon , French sculptor (* around 1510 )
- John Hales , English politician (* around 1516 )