Heinrich Rantzau

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Heinrich Rantzau, 60 years old, with the Elephant Order

Heinrich Rantzau , also: Heinrich Ranzow, pseudonym: Christianus Cilicius Cimber, (* March 11, 1526 at the Steinburg ; † December 31, 1598 at Schloss Breitenburg ) was governor (Schleswig-Holstein) (produx cimbricus ) of the Danish from 1556 to 1598 Königs for the royal shares in the Duchy of Schleswig and the Duchy of Holstein . He was an important representative of the Renaissance and humanism in the German-Danish area and emerged as a financier and political advisor to three Danish kings, as well as an economist and builder, as an improver of the estate economy, as a geographer, as an author and as a correspondent for important contemporaries. In his draft of a European general peace based on freedom of belief and conscience, he was way ahead of his time.


Heinrich was the eldest son of Johann Rantzau , royal Danish general and councilor, and his niece Anna Walstorp. The Rantzau family belonged to the Equites Originarii , the ancient nobility of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein . Heinrich was enrolled at the University of Wittenberg by his father at the age of twelve . There he received such a good education in the Latin language under the guidance of his court master Johannes Saxonius that he was able to make use of it as an author and neo-Latin poet. Saxonius also turned his interest to the areas of rhetoric and jurisprudence . At times the young Rantzau frequented Martin Luther's house with Saxonius and his somewhat younger cousin Daniel Rantzau .

From 1548 Heinrich Rantzau was with his cousin Daniel in the entourage of Adolf von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf at the court of Emperor Charles V. There he acquired the cosmopolitanism that later benefited him as a Danish statesman. In addition, he received concrete object lessons in the inextricably intertwined denominational and national conflicts of post-Reformation Europe, e. B. in the unsuccessful siege of Metz, which was occupied by the French King Henry II on the basis of his illegal treaty of Chambord with Moritz of Saxony and other Protestant imperial princes.

Marriage and children

In 1554 Heinrich Rantzau married Christine von Halle from Rahden near Minden. She is said to have brought a dowry of four tons of gold into the marriage, which consisted of bonds for 400,000 guilders , one of the bases of later credit transactions Rantzau and his wife. The couple had twelve children, seven sons and five daughters, seven of whom the parents survived:

The Arx Segeberga from the Civitates orbis terrarum von Braun and Hogenberg, Cologne 1588. To the right of the mountain is the city palace built by Heinrich Rantzau.
  • Magdalene Rantzau (1559–1635) ⚭ 1573 Claus von Ahlefeldt (1543–1616) at Gut Gelting
  • Theodor Rantzau (1562–1573)
  • Catharine Rantzau (1563–1587) ⚭ January 28, 1582 Friedrich von Ahlefeldt
  • Øllegaard Rantzau (1565–1619) ⚭ 1582 Bendix von Ahlefeldt
  • Elisabeth Rantzau (1567–1646) ⚭ May 7, 1587 with Cai von Rantzau (1566–1607)
  • Margarethe von Rantzau (1568–1629) ⚭ October 13, 1583 Balthasar von Ahlefeldt

Bailiff von Segeberg and governor of the Danish king

Heinrich Rantzau set this epitaph for his maternal grandfather, Gerhard Walstorp (Marienkirche in Bad Segeberg) in 1562.

King Christian III appointed the not yet 30-year-old to the royal council in 1554, one year later to the bailiff of Segeberg . As such, he moved into the royal castle on the Kalkberg , but soon began building his own town hall. Then Christian III ordered made him his governor (produx) in the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein on March 1, 1556 , but died soon afterwards.

When the Copenhagen court was preoccupied with itself by King Friedrich II's accession to the throne in 1559 , Duke Adolf von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf saw the opportunity to eradicate the disgrace of Hemmingstedt and submit to the wealthy Dithmarschen . Heinrich Rantzau demonstrated his statesmanship for the first time. He first informed his father Johann Rantzau and then the other regents of Schleswig-Holstein, namely the newly enthroned King Friedrich II and Duke Johann the Elder. Ä. of Schleswig-Holstein-Hadersleben , so that it came to a joint and this time successful attack on the peasant republic, which was divided among the three winners. He published a description of this campaign, in which he personally took part, in 1570 under the pseudonym Christianus Cilicius Cimber in Latin at Basel .

After this latest feud is Schleswig-Holstein enjoyed the up to the Thirty Years' War in ending pax danica . Heinrich Rantzau was able to use his comprehensive education for peaceful purposes, to raise the economy and culture in the country and as a negotiator for Denmark in the Peace of Szczecin , in which the three-crown war that had taken place in southern Sweden was ended in 1570 . The politics of Copenhagen was influenced for four decades by the more than 1000 written relations of the governor, who was always well informed through his extensive network of correspondents. Frederick II recognized Rantzau's services by awarding him the Elephant Order in 1580 , the highest Danish order with which Rantzau is depicted on many portraits.

Last years of life

The last years of Rantzau's life were overshadowed by the death of four of his children: Johann, 16, died as a student in Heidelberg of the plague ; Friedrich, 30, in French military service, was ambushed, pillaged and murdered by robbers; Kai, 29, on a diplomatic mission, also died of the plague; Rantzau claims to have foreseen the death of his 24-year-old daughter Katharina in a dream (as he writes in De somnibus ). But the most profound impact on his life was the death of his employer and friend King Frederick II of Denmark in 1588. During the immaturity of Christian IV's successor (he was eleven when his father died), the queen widow Sophie took over the reign and insisted that the land be divided up among her sons again. The country was already fragmented enough by the previous divisions, which is why Rantzau had to oppose this plan as the first representative of the local knighthood. In 1598 there was a conflict and Heinrich Rantzau was released from his offices by the young king and died shortly afterwards on New Year's Eve 1599. His son Gerhard Rantzau succeeded him as royal governor.

In 1588 the Langben Rises Høj was excavated by Rantzau in search of ancient giants .

The economist

View over Plön to the south, east of the lake (top left) the family seat of his family, Gut Rantzau, bought by Heinrich Rantzau in 1590, with the castle he built on it in the Italian style . From Braun and Hogenberg: Civitates orbis terrarum

Rantzau increased the inherited and married fortune in a targeted manner by u. a. acted as a lender on the Kiel envelope . He financed his employer's involvement in the Three Crowns War for his employer, Friedrich II . The interest rate averaged 6 percent a year. In 1596 Danzig repaid a loan of 50,000 thalers; other important cities were also Rantzau's debtors. One of his largest transactions, a loan to the city of Antwerp in the amount of around 200,000 thalers, failed as a result of the armed conflict with Spain , and the city of Antwerp never repaid it. It proves Rantzau's financial strength that he got over this loss. The consequence of this may have been that he bought up more and more property, which was easier than ever in the course of the reallocation of property by the Reformation . As a manager of numerous estates, Rantzau also benefited from the price revolution of the 16th century: the price of grain had almost tripled in just a few decades. The high inflation was to the disadvantage of smaller farmers who had to sell and, for better or worse , went into serfdom . Of course, when Rantzau acquired a new property, e.g. B. from Holmekloster (today's Brahetrolleborg on Fyn ), even accept a sharply increased price. When the drought tightened grain in Italy and Spain, Rantzau's ships got there faster than those of the Hanseatic League.

Memorial stele made of sandstone near Winseldorf for the resettlement of the fir in Schleswig-Holstein.

Rantzau countered the overexploitation of the forest with a tree nursery . He obtained seeds for conifers from the Elector of Brandenburg in order to test their profitability. Towards the end of the 16th century, Rantzau was the first to plant pine trees in Schleswig-Holstein and thus outside of their natural range. Important sources of income were pig fattening and the operation of mills for grain, paper, copper, oil and powder. The mining of the Segeberg gypsum was also a "gold mine" for Rantzau. At the end of his life he was a landlord about 20 times and had almost tripled his fortune.

His economic skill is reflected in his interest in statistical information. From his Cimbricae Chersonesi descriptio nova we not only find out how many miles each described place is from the nearest and at what degree pole height it is, but also how many pigs could be fattened where: “In the woods that belong to Gottorf Castle , (can) with an average yield of acorns and beechnuts (per year) about 30,000 pigs are made fat. "

The mediator

Heinrich Rantzau after Goltzius, from Dominicus Custos: Atrium heroicum part 3, Augsburg 1600
King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway, from Dominicus Custos: Atrium heroicum , part 4, Augsburg 1602

As the governor of a Protestant king, Heinrich Rantzau was a Protestant. His brother Paul, however, was an officer in the service of the fanatical Catholic Duke of Alba , and even Rantzau did not let his denomination deter him from being portrayed with a rosary and from correspondence with Catholic correspondence: with the Cologne dean Georg Braun , whom he supplied with material for his monumental work Civitates orbis terrarum and thus ensured that his country was more than adequately represented in this work; with Archduke Ferdinand of Tyrol , whom he supplied with armor for his Ambras collection : one each from his father, his famous relative, the Danish captain Daniel Rantzau , and one from himself; even with Giulio Antonio Santorio , the papal Grand Inquisitor at the time, who himself almost became Pope. What unified the confessional antagonisms was humanism, to which Rantzau felt connected with all piety, which is why he repeatedly tried to mediate between the denominational antagonisms that were often instrumentalized in power politics. His material interests probably also played a role here. B. the loan to the city of Antwerp lost as a result of the war with Spain. In the Peace of Szczecin, Rantzau distinguished himself as a mediator between Denmark, Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire. In 1586/87 the Danish government tried - probably at Rantzau's suggestion - to mediate between Spain and England, which supported the Dutch in their struggle for freedom. In 1591 he corresponded with Ulrich von Mecklenburg , who was highly educated in humanism , the father of Queen Sophie, who had taken over the business of government for her underage son after the death of Frederick II, about the plan for a European peace based on freedom of conscience and belief. Rantzau demanded

"That one could not think of any action where Spain, France, Angels and the Netherlands were not, as it were, under one roof, a general freedom made and religion freed and consciences left unconstrained."

He submitted this plan to Prince Count Karl von Arenberg , diplomat, military man and advisor to King Philip II , and finally inaugurated the Danish court. "This peace plan was an unusually modern and bold venture for its time." In his - not crowned with success - peace vision Rantzau anticipated what the time was ripe for only after the terrible devastation of the Thirty Years' War in the Peace of Westphalia .

The builder and collector

Stump of the Rantzau obelisk in Segeberg
The Segeberger pyramid in the Commentarii rerum memorabilium in Europa gestarum by Peter Lindenberg.

Since the Three Crowns War, Heinrich Rantzau was almost constantly busy with building projects. At an early stage, he began to expand the Breitenburg that his father, Johann Rantzau, inherited. He provided them with a portal framed by columns, with a podium for public jurisdiction and a flight of stairs, a stair tower and an astronomical clock. Outside the moat, he laid out a Renaissance garden. Accordingly, he expanded the Mehlbek estate . He completely rebuilt the Wandesburg , the three-gabled manor house of Nütschau , today a monastery, the strictly axially symmetrical three-wing complex of the now no longer existing property Redingsdorf near Süsel and as the highlight and last building in the "Italian style" Gut Rantzau . For this he obtained marble tables from Ferdinand von Medici , whom he also asked for two marble blocks for the altar figures in the chapel, and marble vases from Minuzio Minucci .

Further building projects arose from the governor's wish to find a suitable place to stay in the towns of Schleswig-Holstein, which he often visited. In Itzehoe he took over his father's house. In Segeberg he built his own palace in order not to have to reside in the draughty castle. In Kiel, which he visited for the financial market of the Kieler Umschlag , he probably built two houses on Kehdenstrasse. Since the state parliament often took place in Flensburg, Rantzau also built a house here near the old town hall , referred to as "palatium venustum" by Peter Lindeberg, a close colleague of Rantzau.

The pyramids and obelisk with which Heinrich Rantzau sought to immortalize the memory of King Friedrich II and at the same time of himself and his family seem to come directly from the mannerist fantasy world of Antoine Caron . The first "pyramid" (so named after the square base and the tapering tent-shaped roof) he built in 1578 in Nordoe , a district of Breitenburg : On three sides, the king Friedrich I , Christian III. and Friedrich II. as well as the Heinrich Rantzaus family and his parents, on the fourth page there was a sundial with the motto: "Salvo Rege Daniae foelices Ranzovii" (If the Danish king is doing well, the Rantzaus are happy). This monument, created during Friedrich II's lifetime, was surpassed by the Segeberg pyramid from the year of his death and the Rantzau obelisk erected shortly afterwards . The cube-shaped base of the pyramid was opened in all four directions like a triumphal arch, inside there was a memorial altar, on the four corner pillars the "Res gestae Frederici II. Daniae Regis" (The Deeds of the Danish King Friedrich II.) Were depicted on 16 copper plates and with Latin epigrams explained. The top of the pyramid rose to about 15 meters. At the same time it was decreed that the poor should be fed regularly from here. Two years later Heinrich Rantzau added an obelisk some distance from the pyramid, on which hung a carillon, the bells of which, moved by the wind, were supposed to remind of the beloved, deceased king. This obelisk is said to have exceeded that of Augustus in Rome in height.

Commemorative plaque from 1588 in the Segeberg pyramid built over to the Rantzau chapel in 1770. The portrait is a copy.
Supralibros Heinrich Rantzaus (1591) on the binding by Hieronymus Henninges: Genealogiae aliquot famliarum nobilium Saxoniae, Hamburg 1590

Heinrich Rantzau set himself another monument with his famous library of over 6,000 volumes, which covered all areas of science at the time and from which it was a pleasure for the author Henricus Ranzovius to quote. Since printed works came on the market mostly unbound, Rantzau had them (often several together) bound in leather into which his coat of arms and that of his wife were pressed. Admittedly, his attempts to escape impermanence were not a lucky star. For the Segeberg pyramid he used the water-soluble anhydrite of the Kalkberg as a building material, which led to the rapid decline of what is probably the most unusual architectural monument in northern Germany. There are only remains of it in what is now called the Rantzau Chapel. In 1627 the library was plundered and scattered around the world by the troops of Wallenstein after they had conquered Breitenburg, which was valiantly defended by a Scottish occupation. There are none of Rantzau's townhouses today. Probably the most important castle or palace building, Gut Rantzau, was built over in baroque style and can only be guessed at in its original “Italian” form.

Around 1587, Rantzau had a family tree designed by Frans Hogenberg and Daniel Freese , which not only represented the branching lines, but also 50 of the Rantzau mansions and the temple of Nordoe . This so-called Rantzau tablet is now kept at Gut Krengerup on Fyn .

The author and correspondent

Due to his wealth, Rantzau was able to work in a variety of ways as a client, helper and patron, making sure that this always served his interests. In order not to disturb his through and through soldier father by making books , Rantzau published his first printed work, Vita et res gestae Johannis Rantzovii after his death and then followed the description of the conquest of Dithmarschen (Belli Dithmarsici descriptio) . He promoted the extensive work of city views by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg Civitates orbis terrarum , but also made sure that the cities of Schleswig-Holstein and Jutland were not neglected and that a map of Denmark by his friend Marcus Jordanus was incorporated. His correspondence with the Cologne dean Georg Braun provides information on this. The latter paid him his thanks by letting the most famous engraver of the time, Hendrick Goltzius , portray the wealthy sponsor for 20 Reichstaler. Rantzau had a close friendship with the royal Danish court astronomer Tycho Brahe ; When Brahe fell out of favor with the same King Christian IV, with whom Rantzau was at odds, Rantzau lodged him for over a year in his house in Wandsbek , the Wandesburg, near the Hamburg border . The career of the later opponent of Brahe, Nicolaus Reimers , who called himself Raimarus Ursus, was based on the promotion by Rantzau.

Brahe bust in Wandsbek
Rantzau bust in Wandsbek

Rantzau certainly attached importance to the originality of a humanistic text, but it was even more important to walk on the paths mapped out by the Latin classic . He provided proof of this through fluent Latin and a great willingness to quote. At the same time, he had multiple compilations, and Rantzau was able to secure the support of humanistically educated contemporaries in this and in many of his book and building projects, such as Braun was one in Cologne, Reiner Reineccius in Helmstedt , who edited a text from the world chronicle of Albert von Stade for him , and Georg Ludwig Frobenius . Before he made a name for himself as a Hamburg bookseller, he was the educator of Rantzau's grandchildren and practically his secretary for four and a half fruitful years. In this time was Rantzaus collection of comfort letters he had received of his children to death, the Epistolae consolatoriae , Froben supervised Peter Lindenberg Hypotoposis , an illustrated directory erected by Rantzau buildings Rantzaus Calendarium ranzovianum with tables for the calculation of the calendar (in Denmark the calendar reform of Pope Gregory XIII. , whose contemporary Rantzau was, only adopted in 1700), he helped to compile the Tractatus astrologicus Rantzau and supported Rantzau in the preparation of the political guide for King Christian IV, the Tractatus bellicus , as well as with his booklet De origine Cimbrorum . Froben is likely to have a not inconsiderable degree of co-authorship in all of these works. The fact that Rantzau's manuscript Cimbricae Chersonesi descriptio nova (New Description of the Cimbrian Peninsula) remained unprinted into the 18th century is probably due not only to the lack of interest in his family, but also to the fact that at the end of his life he lacked an employee of Froben's skill.

Heinrich Rantzau had built up a network of pen pals that served him to advance his book and building projects, to support those of his correspondents and to orientate himself politically. He corresponded with the Chyträus brothers, the historian David and the poet Nathan , in Rostock , as well as with the poets Johannes Caselius and Paul Melissus . He supported Michael Beuther at the University of Strasbourg in the publication of the Elogia virorum bellica virtute illustrium , so that he could not avoid also praising Johann, Daniel and Heinrich Rantzau in the appendix. Heinrich Rantzau corresponded with the great Dutch innovator of Stoic philosophy Justus Lipsius , who dedicated his book De constantia to him. His conversion to Catholicism ended the correspondence, although Rantzau was otherwise not bothered by denominational boundaries. Rantzau's Danish correspondents included the theologian Niels Hemmingsen , the Imperial Chancellor Niels Kaas and his successor, the historian Arild Huitfeldt . Scipione Ammirato , the Florentine court historian, was his correspondent as well as Heinrich Sudermann , syndic of the Hanseatic League, and Alessandro Farnese , governor of the Spanish Netherlands. The Hamburg poet Henning Conradinus was co-author of numerous publications by Rantzau.

The character

Heinrich Rantzau's portrait of old age (with rosary). Above is the report of death, below the motto: "The beginning of the temporal life / Is the eternal one beginning."

Gottfried Handelmann says in the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie that Rantzau's fame is only impaired by his “excessive vanity”. This resonates with Hans Braunschweig when he says that the “Cimbrian governor Heinrich Rantzau” brings himself into play “too often” in his description of the country. In this respect, Rantzau can be seen as a typical representative of the Renaissance humanists, because research generally accuses them of unrestrained vanity. Dieter Lohmeier attributes this to the “modern man” Heinrich Rantzau: “Even in the generation of his grandparents, the last who grew up undisputedly in the Christian faith of the Middle Ages, pious foundations had cared for eternity and, at the same time, for their own Salvation thought after death; Heinrich Rantzau, on the other hand, was concerned with earthly fame. ”Rantzau has countered the danger of unimagined disappearance wherever possible, has his name and that of his wife chiseled into boulders and embossed on book covers and put himself at the center of attention as an individual, like it - albeit on a linguistically and mentally much higher level - another feudal lord, castle dweller, library lover and contemporary of Rantzau did: Michel de Montaigne . Unlike the latter, Rantzau did not withdraw from the service of the prince until shortly before his death, but tried to link politics and literacy - most noticeably in his "Commentarius bellicus", which was intended as a guide for the very young and inexperienced King Christian IV.

Of course, he had also succeeded in serving in such a way that the word attributed to Herbert Wehner could come from him: “Whom I serve, he has found his master.” So he has his employer Friedrich II, by giving him the three crown war financed, largely dependent on themselves. His pursuit of profit associated with Protestantism can be seen in connection with Max Weber's thesis that capitalism emerged from Protestant ethics. The hearty humor of Low German appears in some passages of his prose; For example, when he explains the name of a special Eckernförde beer in his “Neue Landesbeschreibung ” : “It is called, following Cardinal Raimund, Cacabille because, in his words - if you may - makes pooping pleasant.” Otto Brandt's The term coined by the “rantzauschen age” should not be read in such a way that Heinrich Rantzau was a typical representative of his class. The opposite is the case: apart from Ulrich von Mecklenburg, he was a "black swan" (or white raven), smiled at by his peers because of his literacy in books. An obituary reads: “He did not like being drunk and, remarkably, forgave himself less easily than others. In this he had a far more correct feeling than most of the nobles, who think that the downfall of their nobility is imminent if they do not stuff themselves daily with food and wine and then sacrifice themselves to Bacchus. ”Rantzau put the following over his portraits in armor Motto in the form of a distich :

Fortior est qui se quam qui fortissima vincit
Moenia. Nec virtus altior ire potest. (cf. Proverbs Solomonis 16, 32)
Whoever is stronger than who the mightiest walls is
Brave defeated. Virtue never rose higher.


To commemorate Heinrich Rantzau the town of Bad Segeberg forgives since 1974 Heinrich Rantzau medal for recognition of special services rendered to the town of Bad Segeberg . Those honored include the former District Administrator Anton Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (1984) and the painter Uwe Bangert (1988).

Contemporary judgments

  • The sun is more likely to deviate from its orbit than Rantzau from the path of law. Attributed to Emperor Charles V von Siemonsen.
  • Uomo dottissimo et versatissimo nei mestieri della pace et della guerra. (A man exceedingly learned and experienced in the crafts of peace and war) . Minuzio Minucci, papal nuncio in a nunciature report around 1580
  • The Calendar of State Papers, Foreign Series (time of Elizabeth I ) identify Heinrich Rantzau in 1586 as The king of Denmark's chief subject and as a principal man about the king .


For a complete overview, see the list of prints from the 16th century published in the German-speaking area (VD 16) .
  • Christianus Cilicius Cimber (= Heinrich Rantzau): Belli Dithmarsici descriptio. Basel: Regius 1570. Strasbourg: Jobin 1574. Reprinted in Albert Krantz: Regnorum Aquilonarium Chronica. Frankfurt: Wechel 1575 and 1583. Newly published, introduced and translated by Fritz Felgentreu , Schleswig: Schleswig-Holstein State Archives 2005 ISBN 3-931292-78-9 .
  • ed. Theophilus Sylvius: Catalogus imperatorum. Antwerp: Plantin 1580. Leipzig: Steinmann 1581. Leipzig: Deffner 1584. Third edition under the title Exempla quibus astrologiae certitudo comprobatur. Cologne: Cholinus 1585.
  • De somniis. Rostock: Myliander 1591, previously published in Rantzaus Epitaphia in obitum patris , Leipzig 1584, and in Michael Boiemus' Historia de somniis eorumque eventibus , Wittenberg 1587.
  • De conservanda valetudine. Leipzig: Steinmann 1576. Often reprinted and translated. First German edition VD 16 R 229, Weiss 3103, Leipzig Steinmann for Wittich, 1585.
  • Commentarius Bellicus. Frankfurt a. M .: Palthenius 1595.
  • Epitaphia in obitum patris. Leipzig: (Deffner) 1584.
  • De origine Cimbrorum. 1594., previously printed in: Peter Lindeberg: Hedysmata. Hamburg: Steinbach 1592.
  • Ranzovianum Calendarium. Hamburg: Wolff 1590. Increased second edition: Diarium sive Calendarium Romanum (secunda editio). Wittenberg: Axinus 1593, also under the title: Opusculum astronomicum. Wittenberg: Axinus 1593. Hamburg: Jandechius 1594. Hamburg: Lucius 1596. Leipzig 1596.
  • Tractatus astrologicus. Frankfurt a. M .: Wechel 1593. Wittenberg: Meissner 1594.
  • Cimbricae Chersonesi descriptio nova. Printed in EJ v. Westphalen: Monumenta inedita rerum Germanicarum … I, Leipzig 1739. New edition with German translation by Hans Braunschweig in Heinrich Rantzau (1526–1598), royal governor in Schleswig and Holstein. A humanist describes his country. Exhibition catalog Schleswig: Schleswig-Holstein State Archives 1999 (= publications of the Schleswig-Holstein State Archives. 64) 1999, ISBN 3-931292-57-6 .


Cai Rantzau (approx. 1383 - approx. 1411)
Breide Rantzau (- approx. 1460)
Henrik Rantzau (approx. 1440–1497)
Emeke Rathlou (- approx. 1430)
Drude von Rathlou (-1451)
Johann Rantzau (1492–1565)
Detlev Buchwald (approx. 1375 - approx. 1460)
Ditlev von Buchwald (1429–1487)
Øllegaard Buchwald (1458–1538)
Hartvig Hummersbüttel (- approx. 1457)
Magdalene Hummersbüttel (-1501)
Heinrich Rantzau (1526–1598)
Ditlev Walstorp
Henneke Walstorp (approx. 1449 - approx. 1490)
Gert Walstorp (-1500)
Claus von Ahlefeldt (ca.1409 - ca.1490)
Abel Ahlefeldt (approx. 1462 - approx. 1516)
Ida Breide (approx. 1409 -)
Anna Walstorp (ca.1505/10 - 1582/83)
Breide Rantzau (- approx. 1460)
Henrik Rantzau (approx. 1440–1497)
Drude von Rathlou (-1451)
Catharine Rantzau (approx. 1483–1564)
Ditlev von Buchwald (1429–1487)
Øllegaard Buchwald (1458–1538)
Magdalene Hummersbüttel (-1501)


  • Heinrich HandelmannRantzau, Heinrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, p. 278 f.
  • Otto Brandt , Wilhelm Klüver: History of Schleswig-Holstein. Kiel 1978, ISBN 3-87559-003-1 .
  • Felgentreu, Fritz (ed., Transl.): Heinrich Rantzau (Christianus Cilicius Cimber). Belli Dithmarsici vera descriptio: True description of the Dithmarsch war. Schleswig: Schleswig-Holstein State Archives, 2009 (publications by the Schleswig-Holstein State Archives, 86).
  • Eckardt Opitz : Johann and Heinrich Rantzau . In: Who are our treasure and wealth. 60 portraits from Schleswig-Holstein . Christians, Hamburg 1990, pp. 15-21 ISBN 3-7672-1115-7 .
  • Dieter Lohmeier: Heinrich Rantzau. Humanism and Renaissance in Schleswig-Holstein . Small Schleswig-Holstein Books, Volume 50, Heide (Boyens), 2000 ISBN 3-8042-0858-4
  • Günther Oestmann: Heinrich Rantzau and astrology. A contribution to the cultural history of the 16th century Braunschweig 2004 (= Disquisitiones Historiae Scientiarum. Braunschweiger contributions to the history of science, 2) ISBN 3-927939-65-X
  • Heinrich Rantzau (1526–1598) - governor in Schleswig-Holstein. A humanist describes his country. Exhibition catalog Schleswig: Landesarchiv Schleswig-Holstein 1999 (= publications of the Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landesarchiv 64) 1999 ISBN 3-931292-57-6 , therein:
  • Hans Braunschweig: Heinrich Rantzau - his book - his country. As an introduction to the New Country Description of 1597
  • Reimer Hansen : Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century
  • Reimer Hansen: From Holmekloster to Rantzausholm (1566–68). History and historical significance of a good purchase
  • Wolfgang Prange: The Rantzau and Schönweide estates in Johann and Heinrich Rantzau's time
  • Silke Hunzinger: The dream of Arcadia - the building history of the Rantzau estate
  • Wiebke Steinmetz: Pyramids and obelisks as symbols of the ruler's praise and noble self-expression
  • Gerhard Kraack: Heinrich Rantzau and the St. Nikolai library in Flensburg
  • Hans Siemonsen: Johann and Heinrich Rantzau. In: Bad Segeberg in nine centuries. Bad Segeberg (Wäser) undated , ISBN 3-87883-023-8
  • Wiebke Steinmetz: Heinrich Rantzau. A representative of humanism in Northern Europe and its effects as a promoter of the arts. 2 volumes, Frankfurt am Main 1991 ISBN 3-631-43712-9
  • Michael Pommerening, Joachim w. Frank: "The Wandsbeker Castle - Rantzau, Brahe and the Schimmelmann family", 2004, ISBN 3-9807460-3-8
  • Johann Peter Wurm: The correspondence of the Hansesyndikus Heinrich Sudermann with the royal governor in Schleswig and Holstein Heinrich Rantzau 1579–1591 . In: Das Gedächtnis der Hansestadt Lübeck , Lübeck 2005, pp. 491-515, ISBN 3-7950-5555-5
  • Wolfgang Harms: Rantzau, Ranzovius, Heinrich, also: Christianus Cilicius Cimber. In: Walther Killy (Ed.): Literaturlexikon. Authors and works in German (15 volumes). Gütersloh, Munich: Bertelsmann-Lexikon-Verl., 1988–1991 (CD-ROM: Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-932544-13-7 ), Vol. 9, pp. 293-294
  • Peter Zeeberg: Heinrich Rantzau. A Bibliography, Copenhagen 2004, ISBN 87-7876-371-1
  • Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau as a politician . In: ZSHG , Vol. 97 (1972), pp. 15-38. Available online in the digital version of the journal at the Hamburg State and University Library. digitalisate.sub.uni-hamburg.de

Web links

Wikisource: Heinrich Rantzau  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Heinrich Rantzau  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Detlef Dreessen: The legend of the immeasurable wealth of Christine von Halle . At: www.kulturstadt-badsegeberg.de (accessed on November 10, 2017)
  2. His epitaph is in Lübeck Cathedral . Complete Latin text with explanations and translation by: Adolf Clasen: Misunderstood Treasures - Lübeck's Latin inscriptions in the original and in German. Lübeck 2002, pp. 70 ff., ISBN 3-7950-0475-6 .
  3. Siemonsen p. 155f
  4. Rantzau's diplomatic efforts to obtain repayment are also the subject of his correspondence in 1585/86 with the syndic of the Hanseatic League Heinrich Sudermann . The Hanseatic League had relocated the Hanseatic Office in Bruges to Antwerp under the responsibility of Sudermann .
  5. See Reimer Hansen: Vom Holmekloster zu Rantzausholm (1566–68). History and historical significance of a good purchase. passim
  6. ^ Karl-Ernst Behre : Landscape history of Northern Germany. Neumünster 2008, p. 210.
  7. Quoted from the translation of the original text in publications by the Schleswig-Holstein State Archives 64. p. 201.
  8. ^ Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century. P. 38.
  9. On Giulio Antonio Santori see Lohmeier p. 64 and Johannes Madey:  SANTORI (Santorio), Giulio Antonio. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 8, Bautz, Herzberg 1994, ISBN 3-88309-053-0 , Sp. 1342-1344.
  10. Quoted from Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century. , P. 37.
  11. ^ Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century.
  12. ^ Information on Gut Redingsdorf
  13. Dieter Lohmeier pp. 65–76; Minuzio Minucci, papal protonotary, † 1604
  14. ^ About Peter Lindeberg see Zeeberg phil-hum-ren.uni-muenchen.de
  15. Gerhard Kraack, pp. 85f
  16. Dieter Lohmeier p. 76ff
  17. A description of the library holdings was provided by Petrus Lindeberg, printed in 1591 by Wolf in Hamburg.
  18. On the collaboration between Rantzau and Reineccius and Froben, see Peter Zeeberg: Heinrich Rantzau and his humanist collaborators phil-hum-ren.uni-muenchen.de
  19. Gottfried Heinrich Handelmann:  Rantzau, Heinrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, p. 278 f.
  20. p. 10
  21. “A great many humanists were vain, conceited, flattering and receptive to flattery. They worked for their own fame and post-fame (“immortality”). ” See here
  22. Lohmeier p. 7.
  23. New country description p. 255.
  24. p. 168
  25. Stephanus Macropus: Immortalitas illustris magnifici et nobilissimi viri Dn. Henrici Ranzovii. Hamburg, 1599.
  26. Quoted from Lohmeier, p. 112.
  27. Articles of Association (PDF) accessed on November 5, 2016
  28. ^ Heinrich Rantzau Medal , accessed on November 5, 2016
  29. Siemonsen p. 154.
  30. Quoted from Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century, p. 34.
  31. Quoted from Reimer Hansen: Heinrich Rantzau and the problem of European peace in the second half of the 16th century. , P. 32.
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on May 4, 2007 .