Calendar overview 1526
|Battle of Mohács , the Turks under Suleyman the Magnificent win over the Hungarians under Ludwig II.|
Johann Zápolya , like the Habsburg Ferdinand I, was
elected King of Hungary .
|1526 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||974/975 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th house - Chicome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2069/70 (southern Buddhism); 2068/69 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||888/889 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3859/60 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||932/933 (turn of the year 7/8 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5286/87 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1836/37 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1837/38 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1582/83 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 14 : Emperor Charles V and the captured French King Francis I make the peace of Madrid after the battle of Pavia . The king renounces Naples and Milan and guarantees the return of Burgundy . After his release, he breaks the contract.
- May 22nd : The League of Cognac against Emperor Charles V is formed, the main participants of which are the French King Francis I and Pope Clement VII .
German Peasants' War
- May 9th : In his draft of a new Tyrolean state order, the peasant leader Michael Gaismair conceives an egalitarian, Christian-democratic miners 'and peasants' state. He then gathered loyalists and supported the peasant uprising in Salzburg .
- May / June: While besieging Radstadt , Michael Gaismair fights successful battles against advancing armies.
- July 1 : The Pinzgau rebels suffer a defeat in the Peasants' War near Zell am See against the troops of the Swabian Federation .
- July 2nd : Michael Gaismair and his peasant army suffer a devastating defeat in the Battle of Radstadt. This ends the Peasants' War in Tyrol . Gaismair escapes across the Alps to Veneto.
Further events in the Empire / Iberian Peninsula
- February 27 : In response to the Dessau League of several Catholic princes, Elector Johann the Steadfast of Saxony and Landgrave Philipp of Hesse form a defensive alliance in Gotha , which a number of other princes join in the summer, including the Dukes of Prussia, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow as well as Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Braunschweig-Grubenhagen ( Torgauer Bund ).
- March 10th : Emperor Charles V , also King of Spain Carlos I , marries Isabella of Portugal , sister of the Portuguese King John III , in Seville . Because of the close relationship between the two, they need a dispensation granted by Pope Clement VII . In summer the couple moves to Granada and stays in the Alhambra until the end of the year .
- June 12th : With the Magdeburg Treaty, further north German princes of Protestant faith join the Torgau Bund , which strengthens the political influence of the association during the Reformation .
- June 25 : The Bundestag of the Three Leagues passes the second Ilanz articles
- August 27 : The Reichstag in Speyer resolves on the religious question to allow the imperial estates to live, rule and hold for themselves, like everyone else against God and Käyserl. Your Majesty hopes and trusts to answer. The Edict of Worms is thus effectively repealed; a final decision is reserved for a national council that has yet to be convened.
Hungary / Ottoman Empire
- August 29th : The Turks under Suleyman the Magnificent defeat the Hungarians in the battle of Mohács . Ludwig II , King of Hungary and Bohemia , drowns while fleeing.
- October 16 : Ludwig's uncle Johann Zápolya is elected King of Hungary in Tokaj by a majority representation of the lower and middle secular nobility and the high clergy . His election was confirmed by another meeting in Stuhlweissenburg on November 10th and crowned the following day as Johann I with the crown of St. Stephen .
- December 16 : Ludwig's brother-in-law Ferdinand I from the House of Habsburg is elected King of Hungary by the estates in Pressburg . Among the few Hungarian supporters of Ferdinand are prominent high nobility, especially from western Hungary. In the following year there is a civil war in Hungary .
- The Ottomans conquer the Hungarian city of Pest .
- April 20 : Founding of the Mughal Empire : Babur , a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur Lang , defeated Ibrahim Lodi , the last Sultan of Delhi in the First Battle of Panipat , and founded the Mughal Empire in northern India on his soil.
- June 9 : After Go-Kashiwabara's death on May 19, his younger brother Go-Nara becomes Tennō of Japan . Due to financial problems, however, his coronation ceremony can only be held in 1536.
Voyages of discovery
- January: García Jofre de Loaísa's expedition reaches Patagonia with great difficulty .
- August 21 : The Spanish explorer and explorer Alonso de Salazar discovers the Marshall Islands .
- May 31 : Cord Broyhan invents in Hannover the Broyhan beer . This light brown, top-fermented beer quickly became an export hit for the city, giving it an economic boom.
science and technology
- Philipp Melanchthon founds the first grammar school in Nuremberg , later the Melanchthon grammar school named after him .
- Albrecht Altdorfer paints Susanna and the two old people in oil on wood .
- The unfinished triumphal procession of Emperor Maximilian is printed for the first time.
- June 8 : The Baden disputation in Switzerland , which began on May 19, comes to an end. The Catholic side, with its spokesman Johannes Eck , prevailed over the Reformation arguments put forward by Johannes Oekolampad and Berchtold Haller as Ulrich Zwingli's representatives . Nine states of the Diet decide for the old, four for the new faith.
- June: In Oldersum the place Oldersumer colloquy held, one of Ulrich von Dornum initiated public debate of the Emden preacher George Aportanus with the Catholic Dominican prior Laurens Laurensen . The text about the dispute, which Ulrich wrote afterwards, is widely distributed and in this way contributes to the rapid implementation of Protestantism in East Friesland .
- October 21 : Beginning of the Homberg Synod convened by Landgrave Philipp von Hessen ; it decides to introduce a Protestant state church order for the landgraviate. The Hessian monasteries are secularized, the sermon prescribed according to Lutheran doctrine; For the first time, church registers are also created.
Date of birth saved
- January 5 : Christian Schütz , German Protestant theologian († 1592 )
- January 25 : Adolf I , Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf († 1586 )
- February 21 : Abraham Ulrich , German Protestant theologian († 1577 )
- March 4 : Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon , English nobleman († 1596 )
- March 11 : Heinrich Rantzau , Lord of Breitenburg († 1598 )
- March 23 : Joachim vom Berge , German diplomat and statesman († 1602 )
- March 31 : Benedict the Mohr , liberated slave of Ethiopian descent and religious in Sicily, saint of the Catholic Church († 1589 )
- April 26 : Nikolaus Jagenteufel , German Lutheran theologian and educator († 1583 )
- April 26 : Matthias Stoius , German mathematician and doctor († 1583 )
- June 9 : Elisabeth of Austria , titular queen of Poland († 1545 )
- July 22nd : Johann Stromer , German legal scholar († 1607 )
- July 31 : August I , Elector of Saxony († 1586 )
- August 18 : Claude de Lorraine , Duke of Aumale († 1573 )
- September 19 : Martin Crusius , German classical philologist and historian († 1607 )
- September 26 : Wolfgang , Count Palatinate and Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken and Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg († 1569 )
- November 1 : Katharina Jagiellonica , Polish-Lithuanian princess, Queen of Sweden († 1583 )
- November 30th : Philip III. , Count of Hanau-Münzenberg († 1561 )
- December 28 : Anna Maria , Princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Duchess of Württemberg († 1589 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Aman Isa Khan , Uighur Mukam master, poet and musician († 1560 )
- Gabriel de Lorges , Count Montgomery († 1574 )
- Johannes Matthaeus , German Protestant theologian († 1588 )
- Andreas Ellinger , German medic and neo-Latin poet († 1582 )
Date of death secured
- January 16 : Katharina von der Pfalz , Abbess of the Neuburg Monastery (* 1499 )
- January 21 : Apollonia von Wiedebach , Saxon nobleman and donor (* 1470 )
- March 4th : Hans Judenkönig , Austrian lute player (* around 1450 )
- March 24th : Adolf von Anhalt-Zerbst , Catholic Bishop of Merseburg (* 1458 )
- April 20 : Ibrahim Lodi , last ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi (* unknown)
- May 19 : Go-Kashiwabara , 104th Emperor of Japan (* 1464 )
- July 30th : García Jofre de Loaísa , Spanish navigator (* around 1490 )
- August 4 : Juan Sebastian Elcano , Spanish navigator and sail around the world (* 1486 /87 )
- August 29 : Ludwig II , King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia (* 1506 )
- August 29 : Thomas Stoltzer , German composer (* around 1480 )
- September 4th : John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox , Scottish nobleman (* around 1490 )
- November 30th : Giovanni dalle Bande Nere , Italian condottiere (* 1498 )
- December 6th : Heinrich IV. , Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* 1460 )
- December 22nd : Antonius , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Schauenburg (* 1439 )
- December 24th : Veit Hirschvogel , German glass painter (* 1461 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Petrus Martyr von Anghiera , Spanish historian and cartographer (* 1457 )
- Johannes Dörig , Swiss Catholic pastor and reformer (* around 1490 )
- Konrad Grebel , Zurich merchant's son, co-founder of the Anabaptist movement (* around 1498 )
- Guo Xu , Chinese poet (* 1456 )
- Diego Columbus , the Spanish viceroy of Hispaniola, son of Christopher Columbus (* 1478 / 79 )
- Jakob Salzmann , Swiss educator and reformer (* 1484 )
- Jakob Schurtanner , Swiss Catholic priest, evangelical reformed pastor in Teufen and reformer in Appenzellerland (* around 1450 )
Died around 1526
- Pedro Álvares Cabral : Portuguese navigator, one of the first Europeans in Brazil (* around 1467 )
- Garci Sánchez de Badajoz , Spanish songwriter and musician (* around 1450–60)