Calendar overview 1607
the first permanent
English settlement in North America .
by Claudio Monteverdi
will be premiered in Mantua.
|Eighty Years' War in the Battle of Gibraltar .|
|1607 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1055/56 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1599/1600 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1012/13 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2150/51 (southern Buddhism); 2149/2150 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||969/970 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3940/41 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||1015/16 (turn of the year April 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||5367/68 (September 21/22)|
|Coptic calendar||1323/24 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1917/18 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1918/19 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1663/64 (April)|
Politics and world events
- Sommer: Another pretender is using the unstable domestic political situation in Russia to make another attempt against the Vasilis IV regime . He appears as the second pseudodimitri in Starodub in July and once again rallies the peasants and Cossacks who were scattered in the defeat of Ivan Isayevich Bolotnikov . His company receives open support from Poland and individual representatives of the Russian nobility who are hostile to Vasily. In December he and his troops stood before Bryansk without encountering any significant resistance.
- After the defeat, Ivan Isajewitsch Bolotnikow holed up in the Tula fortress , which has been besieged by Vasily IV's troops since mid-June. On 10 October the inhabitants open the gates, Bolotnikov is captured and in 1608 Kargopol blinded and drowned. The insurrectionary movement is thus robbed of its leading head and soon collapses.
- February 11 : Sigismund I. Rákóczi is elected Prince of Transylvania by the Transylvanian state parliament to succeed Stephan Bocskai, who died the previous year .
Eighty Years War
- April 25th : The Dutch fleet under Jacob van Heemskerk defeats the Spanish naval forces in the Eighty Years' War in the battle of Gibraltar , although the Dutch admiral is killed in the battle. The following day, the Dutch squadron remained in the Bay of Gibraltar and attempted an attack on the fortress itself, but this failed. The Dutch seafarers therefore start plundering the suburbs from which the population has already fled. The Dutch eventually leave Gibraltar and cruise around the Azores , Canary Islands and along the Portuguese coast in search of prizes before heading back home to the United Provinces.
Holy Roman Empire
- January 24th : The Protestant Elector Friedrich IV of the Palatinate gives the city of Mannheim, which was founded in the previous year as a bulwark against the Catholic powers, city rights.
- April 25 : As in the previous year, a Catholic procession through the predominantly Protestant Donauwörth leads to tumult, the so-called cross and flag battle .
- August 3 : Kaiser . Rudolf II imposed on the free city of Donauwörth the imperial ban . Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria is commissioned by him to execute the Reich .
- December 17 : Bavarian troops occupy the majority Protestant and outlawry located Donauwörth . The cause of the punitive action commissioned by Emperor Rudolf II was the disruption of two Catholic processions . The Bavarian Duke Maximilian I kept the free imperial city as a pledge. The Catholic occupation of the city contributes to the establishment of the Protestant Union .
- September: Escape of the Counts : Aodh Mór Ó Néill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell flee Ireland with several relatives to avoid being arrested by English troops. Originally on the way to Spain, they already go ashore in France and go to Italy, from where they never return.
- January 30th : According to a royal cédula real , it is forbidden in future to use Indians baptized as Christians as serfs. This promotes the development of Jesuit reductions in South America from 1609 .
- May 13 : English merchants establish Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America .
- Havana becomes the capital of the Spanish colony of Cuba .
- The Tarrantin War between the Penobscot Confederation under its superior Sagamore Bashabes on the one hand and the Micmac ( Tarrantinern ) and the Maliseet allied with them on the other, who live in what is now Maine and the neighboring Canadian provinces, begins. It lasted with interruptions until 1615 .
- The tapestry manufacture in Paris is founded.
science and technology
- The National and University Library of Zagreb is founded as part of the Jesuit- run Neoacademia Zagrabiensis monastery college .
- February 24th : L'Orfeo , a Favola in Musica by Claudio Monteverdi , is premiered by the Accademia degli Invaghiti in the Ducal Palace in Mantua . The work is often referred to as the first opera .
- 23rd and 24th August : The opening ceremony of the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in Joachimsthal takes place in the presence of Elector Joachim Friedrich .
- January 20 : A flood disaster ( storm surge or tsunami ) kills over 2,000 people and makes thousands homeless on both sides of the Bristol Canal in West England and South Wales . The city of Cardiff is hardest hit .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 6 : Konrad Barthels , German Lutheran theologian († 1662 )
- January 31 : James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby , English peer, politician and military man († 1651 )
- March 8 : Johann Rist , poet and Evangelical Lutheran preacher († 1667 )
- March 22nd : Paul Gerhardt , German hymn poet († 1676 )
- March 24 : Michiel de Ruyter , Dutch admiral († 1676 )
- April 1 : Marie Eleonore von Brandenburg , Countess Palatine and Regent of Simmern († 1675 )
- April 26 : Magdalena Katharina von Pfalz-Zweibrücken , Countess Palatinate and Duchess of Pfalz-Birkenfeld († 1648 )
- June 4 : Brandanus Daetrius , German Lutheran theologian († 1688 )
- June 22 : Johann Benedikt Carpzov I , German Protestant theologian († 1657 )
- June 24th : Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer , French lawyer and post pioneer († 1691 )
Second half of the year
- July 12 : Jean Petitot , Swiss miniature painter († 1691 )
- July 13 : Wenceslaus Hollar , Bohemian engraver, etcher and draftsman († 1677 )
- July 23 : Christian Hoburg , theologian, mystical spiritualist († 1675 )
- August 5 : Philipp Friedrich Böddecker , German composer and organist († 1683 )
- August 8 : Georg Wiegner , German lawyer and mayor of Dresden († 1689 )
- September 7 : Kurt Reinicke von Callenberg , German soldier and administrative officer († 1672 )
- September 20 : Christoph Notnagel , German mathematician and astronomer († 1666 )
- October 15 : Madeleine de Scudéry , French Baroque writer († 1701 )
- October 24 : Jan Lievens , Dutch painter († 1674 )
- November 1 : Georg Philipp Harsdörffer , German Baroque poet († 1658 )
- November 5 : Anna Maria von Schürmann , Dutch-German polymath († 1678 )
- November 15 : Aniello Falcone , Italian painter and engraver († after 1656 )
- November 19 : Erasmus Quellinus II , Flemish painter and engraver († 1678 )
- November 25 : Andreas Heinrich Bucholtz , German Lutheran theologian († 1671 )
- November 25 : Christoph Joachim Bucholtz , German legal scholar and mayor of Hameln († 1679 )
- November 25 : Kanō Naonobu , Japanese painter († 1650 )
- November 28 : Francesco Maria Sforza Pallavicino , Italian cardinal and theologian († 1667 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- December 17 or 27 : Pacecco De Rosa , Neapolitan painter († 1656 )
- Pierre de Fermat , French lawyer and mathematician († 1665 )
- John Harvard , English theologian († 1638 )
- Sigmund Theophil Gottlieb Staden , German organist, composer, town piper, painter and poet († 1655 )
Born around 1607
- Elisabeth Hoffmann , German pastor's wife and landlady, victim of the witch hunt in Idstein († 1676 )
- Gideon Ehrlich von Ehrnfeldt , captain of the dominions Friedland and Reichenberg in Bohemia († September 24, 1670 )
First half of the year
- April 10 : Christophe d'Assonleville , Spanish ambassador (* 1528 )
- April 11 : Bento de Góis , Portuguese Jesuit, missionary and explorer (* around 1562 )
- April 15 : César de Bus , priest and blessed (* 1544 )
- April 25 : Jacob van Heemskerk , Admiral, Captain of the Dutch East India Company (* 1567 )
- May 11 : Michele Ruggieri , Italian priest and missionary in China (* 1543 )
- May 17 : Anna d'Este , Italian noblewoman, Duchess of Guise (* 1531 )
- May 25th : Maria Magdalena von Pazzi , Carmelite, mystic and saint of the Catholic Church (* 1566 )
- May 28 : Georg Mylius , German Lutheran theologian (* 1548 )
- May 28 : Georg Popel von Lobkowicz , Bohemian nobleman and politician (* around 1551 )
Second half of the year
- August 20 : Wilhelm Zepper , Reformed theologian (* 1550 )
- August 22 : Bartholomew Gosnold , English entrepreneur and explorer (* 1572 )
- September 3 : Johann Wilhelm Stucki , Swiss Protestant theologian, philologist and historian (* 1542 )
- September 6th : Johann Zanger the Younger , German lawyer (* 1557 )
- September 11th : Luzzasco Luzzaschi , Italian composer and organist (* 1545 )
- September 22 : Alessandro Allori , Italian painter (* 1535 )
- September 28 : Heinrich Maius , German Protestant theologian (* 1545 )
- October 5 : Matthäus Dresser , German school humanist, educator, philologist and historian (* 1536 )
- October 11 : Johann Stromer , German legal scholar (* 1526 )
Exact date of death not known
- Girolamo Imparato , Neapolitan painter (* around or after 1550)
- Sher Afghan , first husband of the Mughal Empress Nur Jahan