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Cosmographia title page 1544
The first edition
of Cosmographia by
Sebastian Münster appears.
Friedrich II.
Friedrich II becomes
elector of the Palatinate .
Old University of Koenigsberg
The Albertus University of Königsberg ("Albertina") is founded
1544 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 992/993 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1536/37
Buddhist calendar 2087/88 (southern Buddhism); 2086/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the wood dragon甲辰 ( at the beginning of the year water rabbit 癸卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 906/907 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3877/78 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 922/923
Islamic calendar 950/951 (turn of the year March 24th / 25th)
Jewish calendar 5304/05 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 1260/61
Malayalam calendar 719/720
Seleucid era Babylon: 1854/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1855/56 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1600/01 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Italian wars

Movements before the Battle of Ceresole

Other events in Europe


Manco Cápac II.


science and technology

Teaching and Research

On July 20, Duke Albrecht of Prussia and Brandenburg-Ansbach issued the foundation diploma Scimus primam omnium in gubernatione curam Principum esse debere, ut vera Dei notitia late propagetur , with which the particular, which has existed in Königsberg since 1540 , is transformed into a full university. The University of Königsberg is inaugurated on August 17th . Georg Sabinus becomes the founding rector and is also professor of poetry and eloquence. After the Brandenburg University of Frankfurt , the Albertus University is the second oldest university in what would later become Brandenburg-Prussia and for three centuries it was the spiritual center of Protestant Prussia . Located outside the Holy Roman Empire , the new college is the first without an imperial or papal privilege because both Emperor Charles V and Pope Paul III. refuse to give their consent to this “real Lutheran” university, whose professors have to take the oath on the Confessio Augustana .

Sebastian Munster's Cosmographia

Sebastian Munster

The first edition of Cosmographia by the cosmographer , humanist and Hebraist Sebastian Münster appears. It is the first scientific and at the same time generally understandable description of the knowledge of the world in German, in which the basics of history and geography, astronomy and natural sciences, regional and folklore are summarized according to the state of knowledge at that time. The title Cosmographia is the Latin form of the Greek kosmographía (description of the world), derived from kósmos (earth, universe) and gráphein (to describe). The full title of the work is: Cosmographia. Description of all countries by Sebastianum Munsterum, in which all peoples, rulers, Stetten and well-known spots come from: manners, customs, order, belief, sects and handling, through the whole world, and especially the German nation. Whatever is found special in any one country and is found in it. Everything is explained with figures and beautiful tables, and made for eyes.

Culture and society

North facade of the Tucherschloss


Historical maps and views

World map by Sebastiano Caboto
Amsterdam 1544


Date of birth saved

Francis II
Torquato Tasso

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Valerius Cordus

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1544  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files