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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pope Urban VII
Giovanni Battista Castagna
Pope Urban VII for a few days .
Book of heroes
Sigmund Feierabend publishes
book of heroes .
The effects of the Neulengbach earthquake
An earthquake shook the area around Neulengbach .
1590 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1038/39 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1582/1583 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 995/996 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2133/34 (southern Buddhism); 2132/33 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Metal Tiger庚寅 ( at the beginning of the Earth-Ox 己丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 952/953 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3923/24 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 968/969
Islamic calendar 998/999 (turn of the year 29/30 October)
Jewish calendar 5350/51 (September 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1306/07 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 765/766
Seleucid era Babylon: 1900/01 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1901/02 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1646/47 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Huguenot Wars in France

Procession of the Holy League in Paris 1590, Carnavalet Museum
  • The French port city of Saint-Malo declares itself an independent republic that will last for around three years.

Eighty Years War

The conquest of Breda


Ottoman Empire


  • August 18 : On his return from England after a three-year absence, John White finds the Roanoke colony in North America deserted. Where the 118 people remained remains unclear, traces of violence are missing.


Statue of King Naresuan the Great


science and technology

Culture and society


Tomb of Sixtus V in the Cappella Sistina in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome
Pope Gregory XIV.

After more than five years in office, Pope Sixtus V dies on August 27th at the age of 68 in Rome. On September 15, the conclave elects the Grand Inquisitor of the Holy Office , Giovanni Battista Castagna, as his successor, who takes the name Urban VII . But the day after his election he fell ill, presumably of malaria, and finally died on September 27th after only 12 days of pontificate . This time the conclave needed two months to elect a successor. On December 5th, Niccolo Sfondrati finally becomes the third Popeelected of the year. He chooses in honor of his predecessor Gregory XIII. who made him cardinal in 1583, named Gregory XIV for his pontificate.


A 6.0 magnitude earthquake after Richter south of Neulengbach shook Vienna and Lower Austria on September 15 . In Frankenstein in Silesia, just under 300 kilometers away , the bell tower there shows an inclined position for the first time .

Historical maps and views

Santander around 1590


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1590


First half of the year

Relics of St. Caterina in Prato
Francis Walsingham, oil painting by John de Critz (around 1587)

Second half of the year

Statue of Pope Sixtus V above the portal of the Palazzo Comunale in Fermo

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1590  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files