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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Execution of the Amboise conspirators
The Amboise conspiracy against the French King
Francis II fails. Hundreds of conspirators are executed.
Erik XIV.
Erik XIV becomes
King of Sweden .
Charles IX  shortly after the accession to the throne
Ten-year-old Charles IX. becomes
king of France .
1560 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1008/09 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1552/53
Buddhist calendar 2103/04 (southern Buddhism); 2102/03 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Metal Monkey庚申 ( at the beginning of the Earth-Sheep year 己未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 922/923 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3893/94 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 938/939
Islamic calendar 967/968 (turn of the year 21/22 September)
Jewish calendar 5320/21 (September 20/21)
Coptic calendar 1276/77
Malayalam calendar 735/736
Seleucid era Babylon: 1870/71 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1871/72 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1616/17 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

France / Scotland


Dominium maris baltici : Development of the Swedish empire from 1560
  • September 29th : Erik XIV becomes king of Sweden after the death of his father Gustav I. Wasa . Erik, who had plans to marry the English Queen Elizabeth I, cancels a planned trip to England . He also quickly tries to consolidate his power, especially with regard to his brothers Johann , Magnus and Karll , who have received large duchies from their father's will, but whose position in relation to the king is not clearly defined.

Ottoman Empire

  • May 14th : The five-day naval battle of Djerba comes to an end. An Ottoman fleet under the command of Piale Pascha prevails against the fleet of a Christian alliance under the command of Giovanni Andrea Doria . The devastating defeat with the loss of 60 galleys and around 20,000 people on the Christian side brought about a climax of Turkish naval rule in the Mediterranean.



The attack on Fort Coligny

Certificates and foundations

science and technology



The children's games

The Dutch Renaissance painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder produced the painting The Children's Games in oil on wood . 80 different children's games from the Netherlands in the 16th century are shown. It is not known whether Bruegel himself gave the painting a name.

Chess game


Historical maps and views

Map of the imperial circles in 1560 after the imperial reform Maximillian I.

The Sindelfingen Chronicle shows the coat of arms of the Duchy of Württemberg and that of Sindelfingen on the right


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1560


First half of the year

Philipp Melanchthon by Lucas Cranach the Elder Elder

Second half of the year

Gustav Wasa's grave in Uppsala Cathedral

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1560  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files