from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 15th century | 16th century | 17th century |
| 1560s | 1570s | 1580s | 1590s | 1600s | 1610s | 1620s |
◄◄ | | 1587 | 1588 | 1589 | 1590 | 1591 | 1592 | 1593 | 1594 | 1595 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Tsarevich Demetrius
Tsarevich Demetrius
is murdered.
Pope Innocent IX
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti
becomes Pope Innocent IX.
The final battle of the Revenge
The HMS Revenge has its final battle against the Spaniards under the command of Sir Richard Grenville .
1591 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1039/40 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1583/84 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 996/997 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2134/35 (southern Buddhism); 2133/34 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the metal rabbit辛卯 ( at the beginning of the year metal tiger 庚寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 953/954 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3924/25 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 969/970
Islamic calendar 999/1000 (turn of the year 18/19 October)
Jewish calendar 5351/52 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1307/08 (September 11th / 12th)
Malayalam calendar 766/767
Seleucid era Babylon: 1901/02 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1902/03 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1647/48 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events



The Saadian Empire at the time of its greatest expansion
  • March: On a campaign by the Saadians to the south of their empire, after the decisive battle of Tondibi, the Songhai empire on the Niger is smashed and the trading centers of Gao and Timbuktu are conquered. However, the conquests with which the Moroccan Empire reached its greatest extent cannot be sustained. Instead, the Sahara trade is shifting to Tripoli and Tunis.

science and technology

Model of the Rialto Bridge by Wolf Jacob Stromer


The first large barrel in Heidelberg Castle


With his bull Cogit nos on March 21, Pope Gregory XIV introduced a ban on betting on the election of a Pope, the duration of a pontificate and the creation of new cardinals. He provides excommunication as a punishment for violations. On October 16, after almost a year in office, he died at the age of only 56 in Rome. On October 29, after only two days of deliberation , the conclave elects Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti as his successor, who takes the name Innocent IX. accepts. He began his pontificate as a sick man and died two months later on December 30th . During these two months, however, he reformed the papal secretariat of state, which he divided into three main departments, one for Germany, one for France and Poland and a third department for Italy and Spain.


Lady Elizabeth Throckmorton
Title page of the witches' tract

The publisher Adam Berg is bringing a German translation of the 1589 witch's tract Tractatus de confessionibus maleficorum et sagarum, & auctior redditus , prepared by the assessor of the Munich City Court, Bernhard Vogel, in Munich . An, & quanta fides ijs abhibenda sit? by the auxiliary bishop of Trier and witch theorist Peter Binsfeld . The work with the title Tractat from the acquaintance of sorcerers and witches. Whether and how much to believe the same thing experiences a total of six editions and is considered a standard work in the field of witchcraft for at least 100 years .



Historical maps and views

Map of Florida 1591


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1591


First half of the year

  • March: Jodocus Amman , Swiss-German draftsman, etcher and engraver, form cutter, painter and author (* 1539 )

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1591  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files