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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Meditationes de prima philosophia
René Descartes publishes the meditations on the basics of philosophy .
Cardinal Mazarin
The French clergyman
Jules Mazarin
is elevated to the cardinal status.
Siege of Dorsten
The siege of Dorsten ends
with the surrender of the city to the imperial troops.
1641 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1089/90 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1633/34 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1046/47 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2184/85 (southern Buddhism); 2183/84 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the metal snake辛巳 ( at the beginning of the year metal dragon 庚辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1003/04 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3974/75 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1019/20 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1050/51 (April 11-12)
Jewish calendar 5401/02 (September 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1357/58 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 816/817
Seleucid era Babylon: 1951/52 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1952/53 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1697/98 (April)


Politics and world events

Thirty Years' War

Johan Banér

British Isles / Irish Rebellion

Other events in Europe


science and technology

René Descartes in a portrait by Frans Hals


Visual arts

Rembrandt van Rijn : Portrait of Agatha Bas

Music and theater


Prince Wilhelm II of Orange and Princess Maria Henrietta Stuart, Anthonis van Dyck , oil on canvas

On May 2nd, 14-year-old William of Orange , son of Friedrich Heinrich von Oranien , governor of the Netherlands, and Countess Amalie zu Solms-Braunfels , married nine-year-old Princess Royal Maria Henrietta Stuart in the Royal Chapel in the Whitehall Palace in London , eldest daughter of King Charles I Stuart and Princess Henrietta Maria of France .


Cardinal Mazarin's coat of arms


nature and environment

Historical maps and views

Bremen 1641


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1641  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files