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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Charles IX  of Sweden
Karl Wasa becomes
imperial administrator of Sweden .
Enno III.  from East Frisia
Enno III. becomes
Count of East Friesland .
Cahir Castle
Cahir Castle is conquered by the English under Robert Devereux during the Nine Years War in Ireland .
1599 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1047/48 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1591/92 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1004/05 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2142/43 (southern Buddhism); 2141/42 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 961/962 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3932/33 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 977/978
Islamic calendar 1007/08 (turn of the year 23/24 July)
Jewish calendar 5359/60 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1315/16 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 774/775
Seleucid era Babylon: 1909/10 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1910/11 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1655/56 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Nine Years War

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex

Other events in Europe

Mihai Viteazul


  • With English support, Shah Abbas I reformed the Persian army.
  • The Burmese capital, Pegu , is captured and sacked by Arakan's troops and Portuguese mercenaries. In the following 14 years, Burma remained without a single sovereignty.

Voyages of discovery

Map of the South Shetland Islands

City foundations

Third and final design by Heinrich Schickhardt for the royal seat of Freudenstadt in 1599


science and technology


Visual arts

Martyrdom of St. Matthew

Music and theater

Appendix in Nicolai's mirror of joy in eternal life
  • around 1599: William Shakespeare's drama Heinrich V has its world premiere. The very nationalistic piece contains, among other things, the famous St. Crispins Day speech .


  • September 11 : The patrician Beatrice Cenci is executed together with her stepmother Lucrezia and her brother Giacomo for inciting the murder of their father after Pope Clement VIII refused a pardon despite the intervention of numerous high-ranking personalities.


Bishop Heinrich von Knöringen; contemporary engraving
The Ratio Studiorum

Historical maps and views

Map of Guyana 1599


First half of the year

Oliver Cromwell
Diego Velázquez

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Edmund Spenser

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1599  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files