Calendar overview 1653
|Christian Schybi leads Lucerne's subjects in the Swiss Peasants' War .||
Oliver Cromwell forcibly dissolves
the rump parliament .
sea battle at Scheveningen is the final battle of
the First Anglo-Dutch War .
|1653 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1101/02 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1645/46 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1058/59 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2196/97 (southern Buddhism); 2195/96 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1015/16 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3986/87 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1063/64 (November 21-22)|
|Jewish calendar||5413/14 (September 21/22)|
|Coptic calendar||1369/70 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1963/64 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1964/65 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1709/10 (April)|
Politics and world events
- February 28 : The Anglo-Dutch War leads to the sea battle near Portland . After three days of fighting, in which the Dutch losses are higher, English supremacy in the English Channel is restored.
- March 14 : In the sea battle near Livorno, the Dutch under Johan van Galen defeat an English squadron and gain control of the Mediterranean.
- June 12 : The Netherlands suffer one of their worst defeats in the sea battle at Gabbard . The English then control the North Sea and block the Dutch coast, which practically paralyzes its economy.
- August 10th : The naval battle at Scheveningen is the last battle with weapons in the first Anglo-Dutch War . Both sides claim victory for themselves. The death of their admiral Maarten Tromp in battle encourages, among other things, the willingness of the Dutch to make peace.
Commonwealth of England
- April 20 : In England , Oliver Cromwell with 30 gunmen drives out the roughly 100 members of the rump parliament . In the days before, they refused to resolve the self-dissolution of parliament.
- April 27 : The last organized Irish rebel force surrenders at Cloughoughter, County Cavan. The recapture of Ireland by Cromwell's forces is now complete.
- December 16 : England's first written constitution , the Instrument of Government is promulgated by the British Army Council in London . Oliver Cromwell accepts the title of Lord protector of England, Scotland and Ireland .
- In Scotland , the Glencairn uprising of royalists begins under the leadership of William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn , against Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate.
Swiss peasant war
- January: Beginning of the uprisings under Niklaus Leuenberger and Christian Schybi .
- June 3 : Swiss Peasants 'War - The peasants ' campaign to Zurich ends with the battle near Wohlenschwil , which the people of Zurich set on fire. The uprising collapses.
- June 4th : In the Peace of Mellingen , the defeated farmers have to accept harsh conditions. The leaders of the uprising are banished or punished with death.
Holy Roman Empire
- May 31 : Ferdinand IV is elected German King in Augsburg and crowned on June 18 .
- Friedrich Wilhelm (the Great Elector) creates a unified civil service in Brandenburg-Prussia.
Other events in Europe
- Through the intercession of his uncle Cornelis de Graeff, Johan de Witt was appointed council pensioner of Holland (until 1672 ).
- End of the Fronde fighting in France
- February 2 : Nieuw Amsterdam , the administrative seat of the Dutch colony Nieuw Nederland and the predecessor of today's New York City , receives city charter .
- The ship De Sperwer of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) on its way to Japan is shipwrecked off the island of Jeju-do . The 36 survivors, including the accountant Hendrik Hamel , are arrested by the local governor and taken to the mainland in the capital Seoul on the orders of the king . They are forbidden to leave the country, but they are assigned various tasks that allow them to get to know the country and its people.
- August 8 : The Paris City Post Office , set up by Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer , issues prepaid paper strips as proof of postage.
science and technology
- Pierre de Fermat represents the Great Fermat's theorem on who will occupy the mathematicians until the 20th century.
- André Tacquet gives the first slide show.
Music and theater
- February 24th : The world premiere of the drama L'inganno d'amore by Antonio Bertali takes place in Regensburg.
- Johann Crüger publishes the fifth edition of his hymn book Praxis pietatis melica , in which a large number of sacred songs by Paul Gerhardt were published for the first time, including Befiehl du dich your ways , Go out, my heart, and seek Freud , I stand at your crib here , Praise to all the Lords who honor him , Jesus, my confidence and how shall I receive you .
- Heinrich Schütz composes the St. Luke Passion as the first part of a chorale trilogy.
- The recipe for a Linz cake in the cookbook by Countess Anna Margarita Sagramosa from Verona is considered the oldest written cake recipe in the world.
- May 31 : With the bull Cum occasione , Pope Innocent X condemns five sentences of Jansenism .
- July 22nd : The Corpus Evangelicorum , the body of the Protestant imperial estates in religious and church affairs, is constituted at the Reichstag in Regensburg . The board of directors is located in Saxony . From the establishment of the Corpus Evangelicorum, resolutions on religious questions are only passed in agreement with both bodies, the Corpus Evangelicorum and the Corpus Catholicorum .
- The Thomas Christians in Kerala take the oath of the Leaning Cross , which later led to the division of the group into a Catholic and an autocephalous part.
- The Regensburg seminary is founded.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 7th : Bernhard Friedrich Albinus , German doctor († 1721 )
- January 11 : Gaspar de la Cerda Sandoval Silva y Mendoza , Spanish colonial administrator and viceroy of New Spain († 1697 )
- January 16 : Johann Konrad Brunner , Swiss doctor († 1727 )
- February 5 : Johann Heinrich May the Elder , German Lutheran theologian, philologist and historian († 1719 )
- February 12 : Siface (originally Giovanni Francesco Grossi), Italian singer and castrato († 1697 )
- February 17 : Arcangelo Corelli , Italian composer († 1713 )
- May 1 : George of Denmark and Norway , husband of Queen Anne of Britain († 1708 )
- May 8 : Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars , Marshal of France († 1734 )
- May 10 : Leander Anguissola , Italian cartographer, educator, engineer and lieutenant colonel († 1720 )
- June 1 : Georg Muffat , French musician and composer († 1704 )
- June 11th : Matthias Klotz , is considered the founder of violin making in Mittenwald († 1743 )
- June 12 : Maria Anna Amalia of Courland , Princess of Courland and Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel († 1711 )
- June 22nd : André-Hercule de Fleury , French cardinal and statesman († 1743 )
Second half of the year
- October 10 : Anton Günther II. , Prince of Schwarzburg, Count of Hohnstein, Lord of Sondershausen, Arnstadt and Leutenberg († 1716)
- October 18 : Abraham van Riebeeck , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies († 1713 )
- November 11th : Anton Günther , Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Prussian Lieutenant General († 1714 )
- November 11th : Carlo Ruzzini , 113th Doge of Venice († 1735 )
- November 16 : Joan van Hoorn , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies († 1711 )
- November 19 : Christian II , Duke of Saxony-Merseburg († 1694 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- February 20 : Paul Marquard Schlegel , German doctor and botanist (* 1605 )
- February 23 : Georg Rodolf Weckherlin , German poet (* 1584 )
- February 27 : Diego López de Pacheco Cabrera y Bobadilla , Viceroy of New Spain and Viceroy of Navarre (* 1599 )
- March 4 : Rudolf von Tiefenbach , Imperial Habsburg general (* 1582 )
- March 15 : Pietro Maino Maderno , ennobled imperial court sculptor (* around 1592 )
- March 20 : Wolfgang Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg , Duke of Pfalz-Neuburg and Duke of Jülich-Berg (* 1578 )
- March 23 : Christian Arnd , German theologian and logician (* 1623 )
- March 23 : Johan van Galen , Dutch squadron commander (* 1604 )
- March 24th : Alphonse-Louis du Plessis de Richelieu , Archbishop of Aix and Lyon (* 1582 )
- May 19 : Carel Reyniersz , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (* 1604 )
- May 26 : Robert Filmer , English political theorist (* 1588 )
Second half of the year
- August 10 : Maarten H. Tromp , Dutch admiral (* 1598 )
- August 22nd : August , Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (* 1575 )
- October 3 : Achatius von Quitzow , member of the fruit-bearing society (* 1606 )
- October 5 : Joseph Clauder , German Protestant theologian, hymn composer and poet (* 1586 )
- October 13 : Christoph Martin von Degenfeld , German general (* 1599 )
- October 25th : Théophraste Renaudot , French doctor and philanthropist (* 1586 )
- December 7th : Christoph Carl Fernberger , German world traveler and explorer (* around 1596 )
- December 15 : Paris von Lodron , Archbishop of Salzburg (* 1586 )