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The sea battle at Hanko on August 7, 1714
In the naval battle of Hanko
, the Imperial Russian Navy wins
a victory over Sweden in the Great Northern War .
George I.
George I becomes King of Great Britain and Ireland .
Elisabetta Farnese as Queen of Spain
Elisabetta Farnese is her marriage to Philip V Queen of Spain .
Memorials of the 1714th year
Memorabilia memorials of the 1714th year.
1714 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1162/63 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1706/07 (New Year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1119/20 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2257/58 (southern Buddhism); 2256/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the wood horse甲午 ( at the beginning of the year water snake癸巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1076/77 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4047/48 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1092/93
Islamic calendar 1125/26 (turn of the year 16/17 January)
Jewish calendar 5474/75 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 1430/31 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 889/890
Seleucid era Babylon: 2024/25 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2025/26 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1770/71 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

The war in the Baltic region 1709–21

Ottoman Empire / Venice


Member of the Baden Peace Congress 1714, painting by Johann Rudolf Huber
The wedding celebrations between Philip V and Elisabetta Farnese

Great Britain and Ireland / Hanover

The royal coat of arms of George I.

North America

Caribbean / Indian Ocean



  • During the Edo period in Japan , Arai Hakuseki , the advisor to the four-year-old Shogun Tokugawa Ietsugu , introduced a new metal currency. The falling price of rice lowers the income of the samurai vassals who are paid in rice. In the long term, this weakens the position of the sword nobility in relation to the emerging but despised merchants.
  • The Englishman Henry Mill was the first to receive a patent on a typewriter .

science and technology

Natural and geosciences

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit


Teaching and Research

Technical achievements



The baroque water features in the Wilhelmshöhe mountain park in Kassel


Music and theater

Johann Sebastian Bach

JS Bach as concertmaster in Weimar, around 1715



Old Synagogue, etching by Friedrich August Calau



First half of the year

Memorial plaque on Markt 18 in Weimar

Second half of the year

Christoph Willibald Gluck, 1775

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy around 1712

May to August

Queen Anne

September to December

Anna Waser: Self-Portrait, 1691

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1714  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files