Calendar overview 1630
conquers and plunders Mantua .
is mentioned for the first time.
|Willem Blaeu creates the first map of the Moluccas .|
|1630 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1078/79 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1622/23 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1035/36 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2173/74 (southern Buddhism); 2172/73 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||992/993 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3963/64 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1008/09 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1039/40 (9/10 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5390/91 (September 6-7)|
|Coptic calendar||1346/47 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1940/41 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1941/42 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1686/87 (April)|
Politics and world events
The war in Europe
- July 3 : Emperor Ferdinand II opens the Regensburg Electoral Congress . From this he hopes to help the imperial estates against the States General , against France in the Mantuan War of Succession and against the threat from King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden , who wants to support the Protestant side in the Thirty Years' War . He also wants to get his son Ferdinand elected as German king. The Catholic electors are personally present at the opening, while Saxony and Brandenburg are represented by envoys.
- July 6th : The Swedish King Gustav II Adolf intervenes in the Thirty Years War and lands in Pomerania with a force of 13,000 people .
- July 18th : Imperial troops under Johann von Aldringen and Rambold XIII. von Collalto conquer Mantua in the War of the Mantuan Succession .
- 20 July : The Swedish king . Gustav II Adolf moves to its intervention in the Thirty Years' War in Szczecin a. Part of the troops are quartered and take care of the fortification of the city.
- August 13 : Emperor Ferdinand II , under pressure from the imperial estates, including the Catholic ones, resolves to dismiss Wallenstein as imperial commander-in-chief at the Regensburg Electoral Congress. His successor is Johann T'Serclaes von Tilly .
- September 6th : Wallenstein receives the certificate of discharge in Memmingen .
- October 13 : A peace treaty for the Mantuan War of Succession is negotiated in Regensburg , but France does not ratify it.
- November 15th : The Anglo-Spanish War ends with the Peace of Madrid .
- November: The Reichstag in Regensburg ends with a complete defeat of the emperor. Despite the threat from Sweden, the imperial army had to be downsized after Wallenstein's dismissal, and the electors refused to elect his son Ferdinand as king.
Other events in Europe
- November 11 : At the Journée des Dupes , the religious party in France under Queen Mother Maria de 'Medici and Jean-Baptiste Gaston de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans of King Louis XIII. disempowered. Cardinal Richelieu , who with this success is at the height of his power, subsequently takes merciless action against his opponents in the state and thus prepares the heyday of absolutism .
- The municipality of Oberhoff is first mentioned in a document.
- February 16 : Dutch troops under Admiral Loneq conquer the Brazilian city of Olinda in the Dutch-Portuguese War and lay the foundation stone for the Dutch-Brazilian colony . The Dutch subsequently also conquer Pernambuco .
- September 17 : The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony , John Winthrop , amalgamates the two North American settlements Trimountaine and Shawmut in the northeastern part of today's USA , which were settled by Puritans a few months earlier, into a place called Boston and thus founds the city. In the same year, King's Chapel Burying Ground , the city's first cemetery, is inaugurated. In December, another settlement called Cambridge is established in the north of the city .
- around 1630: The Waldglashütte under the Hilsborn is built.
science and technology
- Galileo Galilei completes the Dialogo di Galileo Galilei sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del Mondo Tolemaico e Copernicano ( Dialogue on the two most important world systems, the Ptolemaic and the Copernican ). In this book, Galileo explains, among other things, his principle of relativity and his proposal for determining the speed of light .
- Willem Blaeu creates the first map of the Moluccas .
- Francesco Stelluti , member of the Accademia dei Lincei , publishes for the first time a drawing made with the help of a light microscope .
- October 22nd : The Venetian Doge Nicolò Contarini vows to the Virgin Mary that a church will be built if the plague , which has been raging in Venice for a year, ends. When the epidemic ended shortly afterwards, his promise was kept and the church of Santa Maria della Salute was built.
- The first edition of the Catholic translation of the Bible by Caspar Ulenberg appears.
- English Puritan and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony , John Winthrop preaches A Model of Christian Charity in which he first uses the Trope City upon a Hill .
nature and environment
- The Schmorsdorfer Linde is mentioned in writing for the first time.
Historical views and maps
First half of the year
- April 30th : Ernst Gottlieb von Börstel , Brandenburg War Council and Governor of Magdeburg († 1687 )
Second half of the year
- September 17 : Ranuccio II. Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza († 1694 )
- September 27 : Michael Willmann , German painter († 1706 )
- October 7th : Sophie Hedwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , princess from the older line Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg († 1652 )
- October 14th : Sophie of the Palatinate , also known as Sophie of Hanover, Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Electress of Hanover, Hereditary Princess of Great Britain, since 1701 the ancestral mother of today's royal family of Great Britain and (Northern) Ireland († 1714 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- William Bruce , Scottish architect and politician († 1710 )
- Josiah Child , English merchant and governor of the East India Company († 1699 )
- George Gernert , the Younger († before 1693) Exulantenführer u. Court chief 1657–1682 in Rochlitz ad Iser
- Ernst Sonnemann , German Protestant pastor and hymn poet († 1670 )
- Lucy Walter , mistress of King Charles II of England († 1658 )
First half of the year
- Jan. 16 : Christina Plum , victims of witch-hunting in Cologne (* 1604 / 05 )
- January 21 : Lucia Reichmann , victim of the witch hunt in Laasphe (* around 1564 )
- January 26th : Henry Briggs , English mathematician and astronomer (* around 1561 )
- May 4th : Christine Teipel , victim of the witch hunt in Oberkirchen im Sauerland (* 1621 )
- May 9th : Théodore Agrippa , French nobleman and military man (* 1552 )
- May 17th : Dorothea Flock , victim of witch hunt in the diocese of Bamberg (* 1608 )
Second half of the year
- July 19 : Daniele Crespi , Italian painter (* 1597 )
- July 26th : Charles Emanuel I , Duke of Savoy (* 1562 )
- August 5 : Ferrante II Gonzaga , Duke of Guastalla and Duke of Amalfi (* 1563 )
- August 5 : Antonio Tempesta , Italian painter (* approx. 1555 )
- September 18 : Melchior Khlesl , was Bishop of Vienna and Chancellor of Emperor Matthias (* 1552 )
- September 24th : Karl Günther , Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohnstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Leutenberg, Blankenburg, Sondershausen and Arnstadt (* 1576 )
- September 25th : Ambrosio Spinola , Spanish general, knight, Spanish grandee, prince and duke (* 1569 )
- October 6 : Diego Fernández de Córdoba , Spanish colonial administrator, viceroy of New Spain and Peru (* 1578 )
- October 18 : Volkert Overlander , Mayor of Amsterdam (* 1570 )
- November 15 : Johannes Kepler , German mathematician, astronomer and optician (* 1571 )
- November 18 : Rambold XIII. von Collalto , General under Emperor Ferdinand II (* 1575 )
- November 29th : Johann Hermann Schein , German composer (* 1586 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Aleixo de Abreu , Portuguese doctor (* 1568 )
- Andrianjaka , King of Madagascar (* before 1610 )
- Abu al-Hasan , miniature painter in the Mughal Empire (* 1589 )
- Giovanni Francesco Anerio , Italian conductor and composer (* 1567 )
- Allen Apsley , English trader (* 1567 )
- Fede Galizia , Italian painter (* 1578 )