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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Mary Stuart as a widow
The 18-year-old widow Maria Stuart returns to Scotland back
to after 13 years of
residence in France
to take over the throne.
St. Basil's Cathedral
The St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is completed.
Madrid 1562
Madrid becomes the capital of Spain .
1561 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1009/10 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1553/54
Buddhist calendar 2104/05 (southern Buddhism); 2103/04 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the metal rooster辛酉 ( at the beginning of the year metal monkey 庚申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 923/924 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3894/95 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 939/940
Islamic calendar 968/969 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Jewish calendar 5321/22 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 1277/78
Malayalam calendar 736/737
Seleucid era Babylon: 1871/72 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1872/73 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1617/18 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

British Islands

Holy Roman Empire

Eastern and Northern Europe

Spain and its colonies


The death of Yamamoto Kansuke


science and technology

Religion and culture

The Ebert organ of the Hofkirche in Innsbruck
San Giorgio dei Greci

nature and environment

Nuremberg leaflet: Heavenly phenomena over Nuremberg
  • April 14th : Citizens of Nuremberg see a sky phenomenon that appears like an aerial warfare between large tripartite and cylindrical objects and ends with a big bang of smoke. A leaflet by Hans Glaser describes the event five years later, which is presumably a halo .

Historical maps and views

Girolamo Ruscelli : Map of West Africa 1561
Map of Iceland 1561


January to July

Francis Bacon

August to December

Sophia Hedwig von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1561


Date of death secured

Menno Simons

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1561  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files