Calendar overview 1500
Pedro Álvares Cabral
discovers Brazil for Portugal .
prints the map of the Romweg .
Gentile Bellini paints
The Miracle of the Cross on the Bridge of San Lorenzo
|1500 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||948/949 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th tubes - Chicome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th rabbit - Chicuace Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2043/44 (southern Buddhism); 2042/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||862/863 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3833/34 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||905/906 (turn of the year July 27/28)|
|Jewish calendar||5260/61 (August 24/25)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1810/11 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1811/12 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1556/57 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- February 5th : Ennetbirgische campaigns : Duke Ludovico Sforza recaptures Milan , his former possession, with Swiss help.
- April 10th : French troops lay siege to the city of Novara, defended by the Duchy of Milan under Ludovico Sforza . Because on both sides federal mercenary fighting, conveys the Federal Diet , in order to prevent themselves paid confederates that fight each other. King Ludwig XII. finally agrees to a free withdrawal by the Swiss. During the so-called betrayal of Novara , Ludovico Sforza was handed over to France by the Confederates and taken as a prisoner to Loches Castle in the Loire Valley.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- February 17th : In the battle of Hemmingstedt , farmers from Dithmarsch, led by Wulf Isebrand, defeat the numerically superior troops of the Danish King Johann I and his brother Duke Friedrich von Holstein . At the mediation of Lübeck and Hamburg , a peace between Denmark and the peasant republic of Dithmarschen is concluded on May 15 , which can preserve its independence for the next few decades.
- March 11th : The Bohemian Landtag adopts the Vladislav regional order , which is considered the first written constitution in Bohemia . Mostly it is a collection and specification of older privileges of the nobility.
- April 10 : The Reichstag in Augsburg opens. The deliberations lead to the issuance of a Reich execution order , the execution of the judgments of the Reich Chamber Court and the division of the Reich into six Reich districts . The imperial regiment is introduced.
- August 26th : After the death of Philip I the Younger , his son Reinhard IV becomes Count von Hanau-Munzenberg , after having been informal in government for the past four years. He exchanged rights with Ludwig II of Isenburg , gave up his shares in Offenbach am Main and his share in Bracht Castle , and in return received all rights to the village of Bischofsheim . This clears up the disputes that have dragged on between the two neighboring territorial lords for years.
- May: Another Russian-Lithuanian war begins.
- July 14th : In the Battle of the Wedrosch , the army of the Grand Duchy of Moscow under Prince Daniel Wassiljewitsch Shtschenja defeats an army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and takes Grand Hetman Konstantin Ivanovich Ostroschski prisoner.
- The construction of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin to protect the border of the Moscow state begins.
- November 11th : In the Treaty of Granada , France's King Louis XII. and Spain's Queen Isabella the Catholic to conquer the Kingdom of Naples and divide the country equally among themselves.
- King Manuel I, the lucky one , of Portugal marries the Infanta Maria of Spain .
Portuguese and Spanish colonies
- 23 August : Francisco de Bobadilla , who last year by the Catholic Monarchs governor of Las Indias has been appointed and coroner, meets with two caravels, 500 soldiers and 14 originally enslaved by Columbus Tainos that of Queen Isabella I. back to their Were sent home to Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola . He should investigate the allegations made against Christopher Columbus for alleged mismanagement and embezzlement .
- 1500: Portuguese settlers found on the westernmost Azores -Insel Flores places Lajes das Flores and Santa Cruz das Flores .
European voyages of discovery
- January 26th : Vicente Yáñez Pinzón is the first Spaniard to set foot on the soil of Brazil in what is now Pernambuco . He also discovered an estuary of the Amazon and probably also the Oiapoque river .
- March 9 : Pedro Alvares Cabral stands on behalf of the Portuguese King Manuel I of Lisbon from 13 ships to India to sea. Among the captains of the well-equipped expedition are famous seamen such as Bartolomeu Dias , his brother Diogo Dias and Nicolao Coelho , who already took part in the first Portuguese voyage to India under Vasco da Gama .
- In order to take advantage of the trade winds and avoid the adverse currents and wind conditions on the West African coast, Cabral has the other ships in the Cape Verde Islands swing out in a wide arc to the west after losing a ship. The equatorial current of the Atlantic drives its fleet to the west. It is possible, however, that he is consciously heading west on behalf of the Portuguese king.
- April 22nd : Cabral is probably the first European to reach the coast of today's Brazil with his expedition and calls it Ilha da Vera Cruz . On May 1, he sends one of the ships under the command of Gaspar de Lemos to Portugal with a letter from the chronicler Pero Vaz de Caminha . Parrots and Brazil wood are sent on the ship as evidence of the discovery and occupation of the land. The expedition then continues its journey towards India.
- May 29 : Four ships of the Cabrals expedition sink in heavy storms off the Cape of Good Hope. Among other things, the discoverer Bartolomeu Dias was killed. Six ships finally reached the port of Sofala in present-day Mozambique on July 16 .
- July: Diogo Dias , who was separated from the rest of the fleet with his ship in the storms in May, is the first European to sight the island of Mauritius and La Réunion .
- August 10 : Diogo Dias is the first European to sight Madagascar and names the island of São Lorenço . He then returned to Portugal via Mozambique on the east coast of Africa.
- September 13th : The remaining Cabral fleet lands in Calicut , where it is hostile to the influence of Arab traders who fear for their monopoly .
- October: Shortly after returning from his foray into Spain with Alonso de Ojeda , Juan de la Cosa joins Rodrigo de Bastidas' expedition and again goes to the " New World " to explore the coasts of Panama and Colombia in search of precious metals to explore. Vasco Núñez de Balboa also participates as a simple sailor in the two-ship expedition .
- November 25th : Christopher Columbus ' third journey ends with his transport in chains to Spain . Francisco de Bobadilla , his successor as governor, had him arrested in Santo Domingo on charges of mismanagement.
- October 21 : When the 103rd Tennō Go-Tsuchimikado dies, the Japanese imperial court has such serious financial problems due to the effects of the Ōnin War during the Sengoku period that they keep the emperor's body at the court for more than 40 days must before the money for the funeral ceremony can be raised. Go-Kashiwabara succeeds his father on the throne. His coronation ceremony cannot take place either.
- Visunharat Thipath dethrones his 14-year-old nephew Somphu , for whom he has so far ruled, and has himself crowned King of Lan Xang in Laos .
- Saxon coin history : The folding cap thaler was first minted under Elector Friedrich the Wise and the Dukes Johann and Albrecht of Saxony. After Albrecht's death on September 12th, the coinage continued with the bust portraits of the dukes Johann and Georg the Bearded .
science and technology
- The earliest road map of Central Europe is the Romwegkarte printed by Erhard Etzlaub on the occasion of the holy year in 1500 . The map, entitled This is the Rome route to meylen of meylen with puncten recorded by eyner stat to the other by deutzsche landt., Like all cards Etzlaubs gesüdet (south is at the top), three directions are with Sunrise, lunch and Undergang labeled. The course of the road is shown and the distances between the cities can be measured by means of points at a distance of one German mile (7.4 km).
Medicine and science
- around 1500: The Thurgau pig cutter Jacob Nufer probably performs the first successful caesarean section on his wife , which mother and child survive.
- July 23 : The southern Martinsturm of Basel Minster is completed by Hans von Nussdorf . This means that the cathedral is officially completed after almost 500 years of construction.
- On December 10 received Raphael and Evangelista da Pian di Meleto jointly commissioned a large altarpiece for the chapel Baronci in the church of Sant'Agostino in Città di Castello paint. The Pala of Blessed Nicholas of Tolentino will be completed around a year later.
- around 1500: Hieronymus Bosch paints the triptych The Garden of Earthly Delights .
- around 1500: Genre painting emerged in the visual arts .
- around 1500: The Hohokam culture in the southwest of today's USA disappears.
- January 14th : Wiguleus Fröschl von Marzoll is elected Prince-Bishop of Passau to succeed Christoph von Schachner , who died on January 5th .
- Nov. 29 : From Mainz Church of St. Stephen , the Anna Haupt stolen. The relic of St. Anne enters the result into the Annakirche to Düren .
Historical maps and views
Halle an der Saale , market square 1500
|1.||Beijing||Empire of China||670,000|
|2.||Vijayanagar||Vijayanagar , South India||500,000|
|3.||Cairo||Mamluk Empire , Egypt||400,000|
|5.||Hangzhou||Empire of China||250,000|
|6th||Tabriz||Timurid Empire, Iran||250,000|
|7th||Venice||Republic of Venice||200,000|
|8th.||Istanbul / Constantinople||Ottoman Empire||200,000|
|10.||Naples||Kingdom of Naples||150,000|
|11.||Guangzhou||Empire of China||150,000|
|12.||Nanjing||Empire of China||147,000|
|13.||London||Kingdom of England||125,000|
|14th||Milan||Duchy of Milan||100,000|
Date of birth saved
- January 14 : Bartholomäus Schobinger , Swiss merchant and alchemist († 1585 )
- February 7th : João de Castro , Portuguese general and seafarer († 1548 )
- February 22nd : Rodolfo Pio , Cardinal of the Catholic Church († 1564 )
- February 24 : Charles V , Holy Roman Emperor, as Charles I, King of Spain († 1558 )
- March 3 : Reginald Pole , Archbishop of Canterbury († 1558 )
- April 12 : Joachim Camerarius the Elder , German humanist, polymath and poet († 1574 )
- April 23 : Alexander Alesius , German theologian and reformer († 1565 )
- May 17 : Federico II Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua († 1540 )
- July 5 : Paris Bordone , Italian painter († 1571 )
- August 1st : Johannes Rivius , German educator and theologian († 1553 )
- 5th September : Maria von Jever , the last regent of the Jever reign from the chief dynasty of the Wiemkens († 1575 )
- November 3 : Benvenuto Cellini , Florentine sculptor and goldsmith († 1571 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Erasmus Alberus , German theologian, reformer and poet († 1553 )
- Johann Jakob Ammann , Swiss Protestant clergyman and headmaster († 1573 )
- Robert Aske , English lawyer († 1537 )
- Costanza Farnese , Roman cardinal daughter, Countess of Santa Fiora († 1545 )
- Francesco Negri , Italian Benedictine monk, humanist, teacher, writer and reformer († 1563 )
- Camillo Renato Italian Franciscan, teacher and Baptist († 1575 )
- Ditmar Koel , captain, successful pirate hunter and mayor of Hamburg († 1563 )
- Countess Ludovica Torelli von Guastalla , Italian founder of religious women's associations († 1569 )
- Jakob von Jonas , German philologist, legal scholar, politician and diplomat († 1558 )
Born around 1500
- 1499/1500 : Bernardino de Sahagún , Spanish missionary and ethnologist († 1590 )
- 1499/1500 : Diana of Poitiers , mistress of Henry II of France († 1566 )
- 1499/1500 : Mary Boleyn , English court lady and mistress of Henry VIII († 1543 )
- Ambrosius Aigen , Swiss businessman and mayor († 1578 )
- Andreas Althamer , German humanist and reformer († around 1539 )
- Atahualpa , last ruler of the Inca Empire before the Spanish conquest († 1533 )
- Domenico Campagnola , Italian painter, draftsman and engraver († 1564 )
- Hans Denck , German Anabaptist theologian, humanist, writer and Bible translator († 1527 )
- Hayâlî , Ottoman poet († 1557 )
- Hieronymus Hopfer , German etcher and weapon etcher († after 1550)
- Huáscar , ruler of the Inca Empire († 1532 )
- Walter Klarer , Swiss Protestant Reformed pastor in Hundwil, Herisau, Gossau and Urnäsch, reformer in Appenzellerland, innkeeper and chronicler († 1567 )
- Dolfino Landolfi , Swiss politician, Podestà and printer († 1571 )
- Manco Cápac II , Inca ruler after the Spanish conquest († 1544 )
- Luis de Milán , Spanish composer († around 1561 )
- Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset , English statesman († 1552 )
- Thomas Thirlby , English bishop and diplomat († 1570 )
- Tecun Uman , legendary leader or general of the Quiché tribe of the highland Maya at the time of the Conquista Guatemala by the Spanish († 1524 )
First half of the year
- January 3 : Christoph von Schachner , Bishop of Passau (* around 1447 )
- February 11 : Antonio Urceo , Italian humanist (* 1446 )
- February 17th : Benedikt von Ahlefeldt , knight, lord of the Lehmkuhlen and lord of Hasselburg (* 1440 )
- February 17th : Hans von Ahlefeldt , knight, lord of Haseldorf, Haselau, Seegaard near Kliplev and Seestermühe (* around 1450 )
- February 17th : Thomas Slentz , German Landsknechtsführer
- February 17th : Wilhelm III. , Landgrave of Hessen-Marburg (* 1471 )
- April 10 : Michael Marullus , humanistic scholar, Latin poet and soldier of Greek origin (* around 1458 )
- April 12th : Leonhard , last Count of Görz from the Meinhardin family (* 1444 )
- April 22nd : Hans III. , Herr zu Rodenstein (* 1418 )
- May 29 : Bartolomeu Dias , Portuguese navigator and explorer (* around 1450 )
- June 19 : Edmund Tudor, 1st Duke of Somerset , English prince (* 1499 )
- June 22nd : Juan de Borja Llançol de Romaní , Bishop of Melfi and Archbishop of Capua, Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Valencia (* 1470 )
- June 23 : Elisabeth von Pfalz-Zweibrücken , Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken (* 1469 )
- June 23 : Ludovico Lazzarelli , Italian humanist and poet (* 1447 )
Second half of the year
- August 16 : Theodericus Brandes , German lawyer and Council Secretary of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- August 18 : Alfonso of Aragon , Duke of Bisceglie and Prince of Salerno (* 1481 )
- August 26 : Philip I, the younger , Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (* 1449 )
- August 30 : Viktorin , Reichsgraf and Count von Glatz, Duke of Münsterberg and Duke of Troppau (* 1443 )
- September 12 : Albrecht the Courageous , Duke of Saxony and founder of the Albertine, later royal Saxon line (* 1443 )
- September 15 : John Morton , Archbishop of Canterbury (* 1420 )
- October 1 : John Alcock , Bishop of Lincoln and Worcester, English Lord Chancellor (* around 1430 )
- October 21 : Go-Tsuchimikado , 103rd Emperor of Japan (* 1442 )
- November 5 : Johann , Count of Étampes and Vice Count of Narbonne (* after 1450)
- November 26th : Martin Flach the Elder , Strasbourg printer
- December 15 : Pero Vaz de Caminha , Portuguese navigator and scribe from Pedro Alvares Cabral (* around 1445 )
- December 21 : Lambert von Werle , Abbot of the Eldena Monastery
Exact date of death unknown
- Gaston II. De Foix-Candale , Captal de Buch, Titular Count of Candale and Count of Bénauges and Vice-Count of Castillon
- Gerd the Brave , Count of Oldenburg (* 1430 )
- Johannes Hagnauer , Swiss Benedictine monk, abbot of the Muri monastery
- Neroccio di Bartholomeo di Benedetto de 'Landi , painter and sculptor from the School of Siena (* 1447 )
- Bernardo di Niccolò Machiavelli , Florentine citizen and diary writer, father of Niccolò Machiavelli (* between 1426 and 1429)
- Matthias von Kunwald , Bishop of the Unity of the Bohemian Brothers (* around 1440 )
- Nicholas Meyer to the arrow , German-humanist and writer, magistrate in Mulhouse and the Grand Council and town clerk in Basel (* 1435 / 1445 / 1451 )