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Pedro Álvares Cabral
discovers Brazil for Portugal .
Etzlaub Romweg
Erhard Etzlaub
prints the map of the Romweg .
Miracle of the Cross, Bellini
Gentile Bellini paints
The Miracle of the Cross on the Bridge of San Lorenzo
1500 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 948/949 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1492/93
Aztec calendar 7th tubes - Chicome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th rabbit - Chicuace Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 2043/44 (southern Buddhism); 2042/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the metal monkey庚申 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Sheep 己未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 862/863 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3833/34 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 878/879
Islamic calendar 905/906 (turn of the year July 27/28)
Jewish calendar 5260/61 (August 24/25)
Coptic calendar 1216/17
Malayalam calendar 675/676
Seleucid era Babylon: 1810/11 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1811/12 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1538
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1556/57 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Italian wars

" Treason of Novara ": Swiss travelers hand over the Duke of Milan to the French ( Lucerne Chronicle 1513)
  • April 10th : French troops lay siege to the city ​​of Novara, defended by the Duchy of Milan under Ludovico Sforza . Because on both sides federal mercenary fighting, conveys the Federal Diet , in order to prevent themselves paid confederates that fight each other. King Ludwig XII. finally agrees to a free withdrawal by the Swiss. During the so-called betrayal of Novara , Ludovico Sforza was handed over to France by the Confederates and taken as a prisoner to Loches Castle in the Loire Valley.

Other events in the Holy Roman Empire

Memorial to the Battle of Dusenddüwelswarf

Eastern Europe

Iberian Peninsula

Portuguese and Spanish colonies

European voyages of discovery

red: Cabral's route via Brazil to India, blue: way back
Carta de Pero Vaz de Caminha
blue: route of Cabral's fleet
green: route of the aborted Diogo slide
  • July: Diogo Dias , who was separated from the rest of the fleet with his ship in the storms in May, is the first European to sight the island of Mauritius and La Réunion .
  • August 10 : Diogo Dias is the first European to sight Madagascar and names the island of São Lorenço . He then returned to Portugal via Mozambique on the east coast of Africa.
  • September 13th : The remaining Cabral fleet lands in Calicut , where it is hostile to the influence of Arab traders who fear for their monopoly .


  • October 21 : When the 103rd Tennō Go-Tsuchimikado dies, the Japanese imperial court has such serious financial problems due to the effects of the Ōnin War during the Sengoku period that they keep the emperor's body at the court for more than 40 days must before the money for the funeral ceremony can be raised. Go-Kashiwabara succeeds his father on the throne. His coronation ceremony cannot take place either.


science and technology


  • The earliest road map of Central Europe is the Romwegkarte printed by Erhard Etzlaub on the occasion of the holy year in 1500 . The map, entitled This is the Rome route to meylen of meylen with puncten recorded by eyner stat to the other by deutzsche landt., Like all cards Etzlaubs gesüdet (south is at the top), three directions are with Sunrise, lunch and Undergang labeled. The course of the road is shown and the distances between the cities can be measured by means of points at a distance of one German mile (7.4 km).

Medicine and science

Contemporary depiction of a caesarean section, woodcut from 1506



Lithograph of the Basel Minster

Visual arts

Interior of the triptych The Garden of Earthly Delights



  • around 1500: The Hohokam culture in the southwest of today's USA disappears.



Historical maps and views

Largest cities in the world around 1500

Metropolitan areas
rank Surname region Residents
1. Beijing Empire of China 670,000
2. Vijayanagar Vijayanagar , South India 500,000
3. Cairo Mamluk Empire , Egypt 400,000
4th Paris France 300,000
5. Hangzhou Empire of China 250,000
6th Tabriz Timurid Empire, Iran 250,000
7th Venice Republic of Venice 200,000
8th. Istanbul / Constantinople Ottoman Empire 200,000
9. Tenochtitlan Aztec Empire 200,000
10. Naples Kingdom of Naples 150,000
11. Guangzhou Empire of China 150,000
12. Nanjing Empire of China 147,000
13. London Kingdom of England 125,000
14th Milan Duchy of Milan 100,000


Date of birth saved

Child portrait of seven-year-old Karl (painting by the master of the Magdalene legend around 1507)

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1500


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Gravestone of Philip I of Hanau-Munzenberg in the Marienkirche in Hanau

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1500  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files