|Clarice Strozzi , b. Medici, drives the Medici out of Florence with her husband Filippo .||Atahualpa and his half-brother Huáscar are waging a war for the succession to the throne in the Inca Empire.|
|Charles V's mercenary troops sack Rome in the Sacco di Roma .|
|1527 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||975/976 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8. Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 7th house - Chicome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2070/71 (southern Buddhism); 2069/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||889/890 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3860/61 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||933/934 (turn of the year 26/27 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5287/88 (August 26-27)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1837/38 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1838/39 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1583/84 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 6th : Italian Wars : The Sacco di Roma , the sack of Rome by Charles V's mercenary troops, heralding the end of the Italian Renaissance , begins with the capture of the Borgo . The leader of the mercenaries, Charles III. de Bourbon-Montpensier , died in the attack, allegedly by a bullet by Benvenuto Cellini . Pope Clement VII flees from St. Peter's Basilica through the Passetto di Borgo to Castel Sant'Angelo . 147 men of the Papal Swiss Guard defending the Pope fell on St. Peter's Square . The next day, the Trastevere and then the rest of Rome are taken by the mercenaries. Without a leader recognized by all troops, the standard three-day pillage spins out of control, and troops rob, rape, torture and kill at will. Supporters of Charles V are not spared either. Churches, palaces and hospitals as well as the Vatican are looted and set on fire. Sometimes there are fights between the Germans, Spaniards and anti-Pope Italians, who are actually allies, for the booty.
- June 7th : Clemens VII capitulates after several weeks of siege at Castel Sant'Angelo. He had to hand over the fortresses Ostia , Civitavecchia and Civita Castellana , renounce the cities of Modena , Parma and Piacenza and pay 400,000 ducats and a ransom to free the prisoners. On December 6th, the siege of Castel Sant'Angelo was lifted and Clement VII moved to Orvieto .
- 16 / May 17 : Filippo Strozzi the younger markets with the active support of his wife Clarice , nee de 'Medici, the Medici for a second time from Florence and built again a republic . Ippolito and Alessandro de 'Medici and Cardinal Silvio Passerini as their guardian leave the city.
Other events in Europe
- January 1 : With the Charter of Cetingrad , the Croatian Sabor elects the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg as King of Croatia as the successor to the Croatian-Hungarian King Ludwig II Jagiello, who fell childless the previous year .
America and the Pacific
- November 22nd : In the course of the conquest of Guatemala by Pedro de Alvarado's troops , the capital is relocated to Santiago de los Caballeros de Goathemala near what will later become Antigua Guatemala .
- The Spaniard Juan Gaetano is said to be the first European to land on Hawaii .
- around 1527: The Inca ruler Huayna Cápac dies, as does most of his troops , of smallpox introduced by the Spanish conquistadors . Contrary to his wish that the Inca empire should be divided up after his death, a war of succession breaks out between his sons: Huáscar takes his half-brother Atahualpa prisoner. The years of struggle that followed weakened the empire and favored the later Spanish conquest of Peru .
On April 29th, Duke Johann III, the peaceable , and Duchess Maria von Jülich, Kleve and Berg confer the privilege of “ thread food ”, that is, the monopoly of bleaching and twisting, according to “nowhere in the ducal lands bleached and twisted ”is allowed than in Barmen and Elberfeld (both today in Wuppertal ).
science and technology
- July 1st : Landgrave Philipp I of Hesse founds the Alma Mater Philippina in Marburg . At the same time, the Philippinum grammar school is set up as a Protestant pedagogy .
- December 12th : The Dutchman Adrian Willaert takes up his position as cathedral music director at San Marco in Venice .
- The Marburg town hall will be completed after 15 years of construction.
- In Strasbourg, the German-language hymn Im Frieden dein, o Herre mein, by the reformer Johannes Anglicus, based on the biblical Nunc dimittis, appears on a song sheet . The melody probably comes from Wolfgang Dachstein .
Society and sport
- The statutes of Galway renew the 1367 prohibition of hurling in Ireland.
- Duncan Campbell is said to have spotted a monster in Loch Ness .
The Anabaptist Movement
- January 5th : Felix Manz is drowned as the first martyr of the Zurich Anabaptist movement in the Limmat "because of his rebellious nature, his rioting against the authorities and because he acted against the Christian government and civil unity" .
- February 24 : At a meeting of the Swiss brothers in Schleitheim, the Schleitheim articles prepared by Michael Sattler are accepted. For many Anabaptists , especially the Hutterites and Mennonites , the articles form an important basis for their teaching up to the present day.
- May 21 : Michael Sattler is executed for heresy in Rottenburg am Neckar . A few days later, his wife Margarete is also drowned in the Neckar.
- From August 20 to 24, a gathering of around 60 Anabaptist leaders from the southern German region will take place in Augsburg with the aim of finding an agreement between the supporters of the Schleitheim article and the radical apocalyptic Anabaptists around Hans Hut . Hut refuses to take back his prophecies, but promises to “not teach them publicly” but only to communicate them to those who privately “desire this themselves” . Since many of the participants in this synod will be martyred in the next few years , the meeting will later be known as the Augsburg Synod of Martyrs .
Other events in the course of the Reformation
- May 10 : In Meersburg the trial of the evangelical early Messner (pastor) Johann Hüglin and his subsequent execution takes place. Today, Hüglin is listed as a martyr in the Evangelical Calendar of Names of the Evangelical Church in Germany .
- October: The Franciscan monastery of Marburg , like numerous other monasteries, is abolished by the Hessian state parliament in the course of the Reformation .
- Hieronymus Emser publishes a translation of the New Testament . It is a counter- translation to Martin Luther's translation of the Bible , whom he accuses of translation lies.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- March 10 : Alfonso d'Este di Montecchio , Margrave of Montecchio († 1587 )
- March 29 : Zaccaria Dolfin , Venetian-Austrian cardinal († 1583 )
- May 21 : Philip II , King of Spain and as Philip I, King of Portugal († 1598 )
- May 31 : Agnes of Hesse , Electress of Hesse († 1555 )
- June 11 : Anna Sophie , Princess of Prussia and Duchess of Mecklenburg († 1591 )
- July 13 : John Dee , British philosopher, mathematician, astrologer and alchemist († 1608 )
- October 16 : Johann Hermann , German medic († 1605 )
- October 21 : Louis I. de Lorraine-Guise , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1578 )
- November 1 : Pedro de Ribadeneira , Spanish Jesuit († 1611 )
- November 18 : Luca Cambiaso , Italian painter († 1585 )
- December 6 : Bernhard VIII , Count zur Lippe († 1563 )
- December 23 : Hugo Donellus , French lawyer († 1591 )
- December 31 : Johannes Bugenhagen the Younger , German Lutheran theologian († 1594 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Benedictus Arias Montanus , Spanish theologian and orientalist († 1598 )
- Barbara Blomberg , lover of Charles V and mother of Don Juan de Austria († 1597 )
- Bess of Hardwick , English noblewoman († 1608 )
- Margaretha von der Marck-Arenberg , Countess of Arenberg († 1599 )
- Hans Vredeman de Vries , Dutch painter and architect († 1609 )
- Philippine Welser , Augsburg patrician daughter and princess of Tyrol († 1580 )
Date of death secured
- January 5 : Felix Manz , Zurich martyr of the Anabaptist movement, executed by drowning (* around 1498 )
- January 14th : Stefan IV. , Voivode of the Principality of Moldova (* 1506 )
- January 21 : Juan de Grijalva , Spanish explorer (* 1490 )
- January 21 : Jakob van Hoogstraten , Inquisitor in the Spanish Netherlands (* around 1460 )
- February 10 : Ludwig von Diesbach , Bernese statesman (* 1452 )
- March 10 : Nam Gon , Korean politician and neo-Confucian philosopher and poet (* 1471 )
- March 19 : Christoph I , Margrave of Baden (* 1453 )
- May 4th : Shōhaku , Japanese poet (* 1443 )
- May 6th : Charles de Bourbon-Montpensier , French military leader (* 1490 )
- May 10 : Johann Hüglin , German pastor and Protestant martyr (* before 1490 )
- May 17th : Jacob Krum , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 15th century)
- May 20 : Hans Hergot , German printer, bookseller and Protestant author (* 15th century)
- May 21 : Michael Sattler , personality of the first generation of Anabaptists (* around 1495 )
- June 21 : Niccolò Machiavelli , Italian politician, historian and poet (* 1469 )
- July 28 : Rodrigo de Bastidas , Spanish conqueror (* probably 1460 )
- September 6th : Marx Treitzsaurwein , Lower Austrian politician, secretary of Maximilian I and councilor of Charles V (* around 1450 )
- September 21 : Casimir , Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (* 1481 )
- 23 September : Charles de Lannoy , imperial general and viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples (* 1487 )
- November 8 : Hieronymus Emser , German Catholic theologian and opponent of Martin Luther (* 1478 )
- November 15 : Katherine of York , English princess (* 1479 )
Exact date of death unknown
- November: Hans Denck , German Anabaptist theologian, humanist, writer and Bible translator (* around 1500 )
Died around 1527
- Huayna Cápac , King of the Inca