Emser studied law and theology in Tübingen from 1493 and in Basel from 1497 . In 1504 he gave lectures at the University of Erfurt , which were also heard by Martin Luther. The following year Emser earned his Bachelor of Theology and the secretary and chaplain of the Duke later became George the Bearded of Saxony .
In 1505 he dedicated a German-language poem to the Duchess Barbara of Saxony in defense of the dignity of the marital status ( Eyn deutsche Satyra vnd straffe des Eebruchs ) with many ancient examples and learned comments. The term satire is still used here in the sense of "denouncing a vice".
From 1519 onwards Emser had a passionate, literary dispute with Luther. Since Emser accused Luther of errors and lies in his translation of the Bible , for example in the Leipzig pamphlet Aus Wasgrund vnnd vrsach Luther's interpretation of the nawe testament / the common one had been predicted from 1523, he in turn translated the new one on behalf of Duke George of Saxony Will in German. In this work he revised Luther's version with recourse to the Latin Vulgate , as the church rejected Luther's word creations and translations. In 1527, this work was printed in Dresden under the title Das naw testament nach lawt der Christian kirkerechte text / corrected / und widerumb brought in and a second edition was published just a year later. This translation was widespread among the Catholic population and was used by Johannes Eck in 1537 as the basis for his Upper German translation of the New and Old Testaments. A Low German transmission based on Emser had already appeared in Rostock in 1530.
Emser died in 1527 and was buried in the Frauenkirchhof in Dresden.
- as translator: Das gantz neü testament / Edited by Johann Dietenberger - Cologne: Quentel / Tübingen: Morhart, 1532. Digitized edition of the University and State Library in Düsseldorf
- Eyn deutsche Satyra vnd straffe des Eebruchs , Leipzig: Melchior Lotter, 1505. Digitized edition of the Munich digitization center
- Gustav Kawerau : Hieronymus Emser: A life picture from the history of the Reformation. Published by Max Niemeyer, Halle (Saale), 1898
- Heribert Smolinsky : Augustin von Alveldt and Hieronymus Emser. A study of the controversial theology of the early Reformation period in the Duchy of Saxony (= RST Reformation History Studies and Texts , Issue 122), Aschendorff, Münster 1984, ISBN 3-402-03769-6 (Habilitation thesis University of Würzburg 1981, 467 pages).
- Gustav Kawerau: Emser, Hieronymus . In: Realencyklopadie for Protestant Theology and Church (RE). 3. Edition. Volume 5, Hinrichs, Leipzig 1898, pp. 339-342.
- Theodor Kolde : Emser, Hieronymus . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, pp. 96-99.
- Heinrich Grimm: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , p. 488 f. ( ). In:
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Emser, Hieronymus. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 1508-1509.
- Literature by and about Hieronymus Emser in the catalog of the German National Library
- Christoph Volkmar: Emser, Hieronymus . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
- Hieronymus Emser: Eyn German Satyra vnd straffe des Eebruchs Leipzig 1505, in Cinquecentine.de
- Werner Besch: History of Language ; Chapter 5.4 Catholic Correction Bibles , p. 270; Walter de Gruyter, 1998, ISBN 978-3-11-011257-3
Court chaplain in Dresden
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Catholic theologian and opponent of Luther|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 26, 1478|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Weidenstetten near Ulm|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 8, 1527|
|Place of death||Dresden|