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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Stans Declaration
The eight old places
seal the
Stans contract .
Johann II.
John II
ascends the
Portuguese throne.
Sandro Botticelli: Scenes from the Life of Moses
Sandro Botticelli begins the scenes from the life of Moses .
1481 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 929/930 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1473/74
Aztec calendar 1. Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 13th pipes - Matlactli omey Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2024/25 (southern Buddhism); 2023/24 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Metal Ox辛丑 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Rat 庚子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 843/844 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 859/860
Islamic calendar 885/886 (turn of the year March 1st / 2nd)
Jewish calendar 5241/42 (August 24/25)
Coptic calendar 1197/98
Malayalam calendar 656/657
Seleucid era Babylon: 1791/92 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1792/93 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1519
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1537/38 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Spain, Portugal and their colonies

The castle of Zahara de la Sierra


Holy Roman Empire / Scandinavia

John I of Denmark
  • May 21 : After the death of Christian II , his son Johann I becomes King of Denmark without any problems and thus also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein . In the other two countries of the Kalmar Union , Norway and especially Sweden , however, he has to contend with greater resistance.
  • December 22nd : The Eight Old Places of the Confederates seal the Stans Decree , with which the internal conflict, especially between urban and rural locations , is settled. The conflict was sparked, among other things, over the division of spoils of war after the Battle of Nancy in 1477 and the agreement of mutual castle rights between the cities of Zurich, Bern and Lucerne on the one hand and Freiburg and Solothurn on the other. After a message from the well-known hermit Niklaus von Flüe to the Diet , the parties to the dispute come to an agreement. The compromise is to include Freiburg and Solothurn in the federal government and in return abolish castle law. The agreement includes the prohibition of violent attacks on comrades or their allies; the protection of an attacked place by the others; the punishment of the perpetrators either by the domestic courts or by those on the scene; a ban on community meetings or gatherings without the permission of the authorities; a ban on inciting the subjects of another place; the obligation of the places to mediate in uprisings by subjects of other places and the confirmation of the Sempacher and Pfaffenbrief . The unions are to be sworn every 5 years and the three decrees are read out. After all, the spoils of war are to be distributed among the towns according to head count in the future.

Ottoman Empire

Bayezid II


science and technology



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Alfons V.

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1481  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files