|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||1 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||24.3 km 2|
|Residents:||25,416 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1046 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||24837|
|Area code :||04621|
|License plate :||SL|
|Community key :||01 0 59 075|
|LOCODE :||DE SLS|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Stephan Dose ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Schleswig in the Schleswig-Flensburg district|
Schleswig ([ ˈʃleːsvɪç ], Low German : Sleswig , Danish : Slesvig , angeldän . Sljasvig ) is a medium - sized town in Schleswig-Holstein on the Schlei bay . It is the district town of the Schleswig-Flensburg district , the former capital of the Duchy of Schleswig and is also known as the judicial capital of the state because - for historical reasons - it is the seat of the state constitutional court , as well as three other higher courts and the public prosecutor 's office.
The urban area of Schleswig is located at the western end of the Schlei, which protrudes far into the inland . To the west of the Kleine Breite , large parts of it are located on the north shore of the Baltic Sea bay in the area of the transition from the landscape of the Schleswig-Holstein hill country to the Schleswig Geest .
Schleswig is divided into various unofficial districts:
- the old town with the St. Petri Cathedral and the town hall
- the Holm (Danish: Holmen ) with its small fishermen's houses on the Schlei and the St. John's Monastery
- the Lollfuß ( Lolfod ) with the district court
- the Hesterberg ( Hestebjerg ) northwest of Lollfuß
- the chicken houses ( Hønsehuse ) north of Hesterberg
- the Friedrichsberg ( Frederiksberg ) with the aristocratic palaces, the higher regional court and the tallest residential building in the city, the 90 meter and 27 storey high Wikingturm
- the Neustadt with Gottorf Castle , the Burgsee and the baroque prince's garden
- Sankt Jürgen ( Sankt Jørgen ) with the city's commercial area
- On the freedom ( Friheden ) with modern buildings in the Bauhaus style, classic pitched roof houses and swimming houses
- Klapschau ( Klapskov )
- Schleswig-Nord with the tallest structure in the city, the 139-meter-high Schliekieker radio tower and the city's northern industrial area
The areas of the following municipalities border directly on the urban area :
The urban area includes natural altitudes from 0 to Tiergarten and Pöhler Gehege extend northwest of the city . In the northern part of the city is the Brautsee . The seagull island (Danish: Mågeøen ) (officially: Möwenberg) is also part of the urban area .. Only the landfill on the northern edge of the district has more exposed locations up to 62 m in height. The forest areas
Derivation of the city name
The city name comes from Old Norse and means Bay of the Schlei or Port of the Schlei .
Beginnings as a trading metropolis of the Vikings
Schleswig was first mentioned as Sliasthorp in 804 (Danish form: Sliestorp ). The ending thorp (translated village) indicates that it is a sub-settlement.
The Viking settlement on Haddebyer Noor called Haithabu was expanded into a trading center by King Gudfred (Göttrik) in 808 and destroyed by Slavs in 1066. The question of whether the germ cells of today's opposite city of Schleswig were only founded after the destruction of Haithabu or whether they had existed for a few years has been the subject of controversial research so far. In any case, medieval Schleswig took over Haithabu's legacy as a center of Northern European trade - together with the western port at Hollingstedt, which had existed since the Viking Age : the land route between the Baltic and North Sea was particularly short here.
Swedish Vikings under their King Olaf conquered the area around 900 . In 934 the East Franconian King Heinrich I defeated Olaf's son Canute I and made Haithabu pay tribute. King Otto I founded the diocese of Schleswig in 947 . In 983, the Danish Viking king Harald Blauzahn temporarily recaptured the area. A few decades later, the emperors finally gave up the Schleswig mark and Schleswig fell back to the Danish crown. Around this time the focus of settlement shifted from Haithabu to today's Schleswig.
Bishop's residence in the Middle Ages
The chronicler Adam von Bremen reported in detail as early as 1076 on the importance of Haithabus and Schleswig. A synod was held in Schleswig under Archbishop Adalbert von Bremen , to which representatives from all over Northern Europe were invited. The first bishops of Schleswig were Harald (Haroldus), Poppo and Rodolphus.
Saxo Grammaticus mentions the cathedral for the first time in 1134 . He reports that the Danish King Niels wanted to flee from the brothers of the St. Knudsgilde in the cathedral, but was slain because he had Jarl Knud Lavard , the son of his older brother Erik Ejegod , killed in 1131 , who belonged to the Schleswig family had been popular.
The residence of the bishops was initially a castle, which is now located under Gottorf Castle and was first mentioned in 1161, when the Schleswig Bishop Occo moved his seat to the castle island after the destruction of his Alt-Gottorf Castle, northwest of Schleswig. The castle remained in the possession of the bishop until 1268, after which it was given to the dukes of Schleswig in exchange for Schwabstedt castle and in 1340 passed to the Counts of Schauenburg who ruled Holstein. The Bishop's Palace was then the Königsteinsche Palais at Norderdomstrasse 15, the Rumohrenhof. As long as the Catholic diocese of Schleswig existed, the court was the center of the episcopal property administration. The origins of the building go back to the middle of the 15th century. The builder is said to have been Bishop Nicolaus Wulf (1429–1474). After the death of the last Catholic bishop Gottschalk von Ahlefeldt in 1541, the building had different owners. After the cathedral chapter was dissolved in 1773, the court was sold to Baron Johann Ludwig von Königstein , who had the old buildings rebuilt and given their current appearance.
In the 13th century, Schleswig had to cede its role as the supraregional trading metropolis of the north to Lübeck , but at that time it was still a trading center of regional importance, but regional primacy also passed to Flensburg in the late Middle Ages : the Schlei was for the merchant ships of that time often not deep enough.
Old fisherman's house in the Holm
Medieval hospitals for lepers
From 1344 a total of three medieval leprosories can be identified in Schleswig; the first was built in today's St. Jürgen district and gave the district its name because St. Georg (Low German: St. Jürgen) was the patron saint of all leprosories in Schleswig-Holstein. From 1392 another leprosy can be found on the Gallberg, which was called Laurentius Hospital and Sikenhus ("hospital"). The third leprosarium was built on Hesterberg in the 15th century.
Residence of the Dukes of Gottorf
After the Reformation , almost all of the city's numerous churches and monasteries disappeared, with a few exceptions. Some of them were broken down to the foundations, which was shown during excavations of the Maria Magdalena Church of the Dominican monastery . On the other hand, numerous aristocratic palaces were built within the city limits, in which the high officials of the flourishing duchy resided.
After the division of the country in 1544, the city became the residence of the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf . These initially remained closely linked to the Danish crown in terms of foreign policy, but in the 17th century they led an increasingly independent policy.
In the witch hunts between 1548 and 1551 at least 38 women were convicted and executed. The place of execution was the market square. The trial files have been preserved in the Schleswig city archive. In 2014, the church and mayor Arthur Christiansen remembered the victims of the witch trials in a memorial service in Schleswig Cathedral.
Under Duke Friedrich III. From Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf the Gottorfer Hof flourished. Chancellor was Johann Adolph Kielmann von Kielmannsegg . The following artists were active on the farm at this time: painter Jürgen Ovens (Rembrandt's student), the carver Hans Gudewerdt the Younger . The court scholar Adam Olearius described his travels to Moscow (1633) and Persia (1636) in 1647. A little later, the dukes also obtained an imperial privilege to found a university, when Schleswig was initially also under discussion before it was finally settled in Kiel .
In 1711 the two suburbs of Lollfuß and Friedrichsberg were incorporated. Schleswig, Lollfuß and Friedrichsberg were merged to form the "combined city of Schleswig". Schleswig got its first mayor for the whole city.
After the Great Northern War (1700–1721) and the associated victory of Denmark over the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf , the Gottorf shares in the Duchy of Schleswig fell to the Danish king, who was also Duke of Schleswig. This meant serious economic disadvantages for the city of Schleswig, as it lost its position as the ducal residence of a partially sovereign state.
Seat of government and parliament of the Duchy of Schleswig
After the loss of the residence function for the Gottorf dukes, who had ruled the Duchy of Schleswig in their shares since 1658, Gottorf Castle now became the seat of the Supreme Court and the government and judicial authority for the entire Duchy of Schleswig , later (1834) as part of a judicial and administrative reform also seat of a common government for both duchies (Schleswig and Holstein). Since the Duke of Schleswig, as the Danish king, stayed mostly in Copenhagen, he always appointed a governor to Gottorf.
Under the governor Landgrave Carl von Hessen (1744–1836), Schleswig once again experienced a cultural heyday. In 1836/1843 the government and the court were separated and the duchy's assembly of estates was re-established. The state hall of the town hall served as the conference room of this “parliament” . Schleswig itself had around 11,000 inhabitants at that time.
From 1840, the German-Danish conflict became the dominant theme in the city, whose citizens mostly sided with the German Schleswig-Holsteiners. Among other things, the Schleswig-Holstein-Lied was created in Schleswig, it was enthusiastically sung from 23 to 25 July 1840 at the singing festival of the Schleswig-Holstein song boards in Schleswig. The text comes from the Schleswig advocate Chemnitz, the music from C. G. Bellmann, cantor at St. Johannis Monastery. At the same time the first blue-white-red (Schleswig-Holstein colors) banner was shown.
In 1848 the Schleswig-Holstein uprising of the German-minded population of Schleswig and Holstein against the rule of the Danish king in the duchies broke out. On 23/24 April 1848 came the battle of Schleswig. In this conflict, known as the “Easter Battle”, the Danish troops were expelled from the city of Schleswig, but at the end of the warlike years of 1851 the Kingdom of Denmark had won over the Schleswig-Holstein movement. As a result, Schleswig and Holstein remained initially connected to the Danish monarchy as duchies through a personal union. The Duchy of Schleswig with the city of Schleswig retained its position as a fiefdom of the Kingdom of Denmark, while Holstein remained a member of the German Confederation.
The ducal authorities within the entire Danish state were finally reorganized. As a result, Schleswig lost all of the ducal government authorities, and the Schleswig Assembly of Estates met from 1852 in the Estates building in Flensburg.
Capital of the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein
With the equality of Jews in the North German Confederation in 1869, a small Jewish community emerged in Schleswig, which dissolved again by the First World War due to the emigration of many of its members to larger cities.
The city of Schleswig replaced Kiel as the seat of the upper president from 1879 to 1917 and was the capital of the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein until 1945 . The Schleswig-Holstein Provincial Parliament continued to meet in the old state hall until 1904. During the Prussian period from 1888 to 1894, the 112 meter high Schleswig cathedral tower was built.
Under Prussian rule, Schleswig was also a garrison town until the end of the First World War. On November 9, 1866, the regimental staff and the 3rd battalion of the newly established Prussian 84th Infantry Regiment came to the city. The 1st and 2nd battalions followed in 1890 and 1892. One battalion was in Gottorf Castle, while the barracks on Moltkestrasse were built in 1892 for the other battalions. In 1867 the regiment was named "Schleswigsches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 84" and was renamed in 1888 in honor of General von Manstein in "Infanterie-Regiment von Manstein (Schleswigsches) Nr. 84". It was dissolved again after the revolution in 1918. In 1866 the newly established Prussian Hussar Regiment No. 16 came to Schleswig. In 1867 it was named "Schleswig-Holstein Hussar Regiment No. 16". In 1872 Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria was nominally head of the regiment, the name of which was changed to "Hussar Regiment Emperor Franz-Joseph of Austria, King of Hungary (Schleswig-Holstein) No. 16". Gottorf Castle was his barracks until it was dissolved after the revolution of 1918.
At the beginning of the First World War in 1914, the church bells rang from 7 a.m. to 8 a.m. in Schleswig on the occasion of the mobilization and the population was initially enthusiastic about the armed forces. The city's public buildings, such as the seat of the provincial government, the train station, the post office, the Reichsbank and the town hall, were occupied by the military, and on August 3 the hussar regiment moved out and on August 8 the von Manstein regiment also left the city . Ultimately, Schleswig suffered around 270 casualties in the First World War, for whom a memorial made of gray granite was erected in 1920 in the cathedral cemetery and in 1926 on the corner of Flensburger Strasse and Neuwerkstrasse.
In the Weimar Republic, Count Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau from Schleswig became the first Foreign Minister of the young German Republic. Mainly the Social Democrats, the National Liberals and the German Nationals were elected (as an example the result of the Reichstag election on May 20, 1928 - 11,557 voters in Schleswig, votes SPD 3,300, DVP 2,120, DNVP 1,313, DDP 810). During the Kapp Putsch at the beginning of 1920, fighting broke out in Schleswig between the garrison at Gottorf Castle, which had joined the anti-democratic coup attempt, and armed workers loyal to the government. In 1936 a memorial stone was erected on the castle to commemorate the putschists who were killed in the process. Supplemented by an explanatory inscription, this stone is still in place today.
The NSDAP also had a strong base in Schleswig early on. In 1925 the Schleswig local group of the party was formed, whose members initially mostly came from rural areas ( Fahrdorf , Busdorf , Tolk ). In the Reichstag election of July 1932, the NSDAP received 50.7 percent of the vote, more than all other political groups combined. At the end of 1932 the local NSDAP group had 700 members. One of the reasons for this success was the situation of the local newspaper market, which was dominated by the Schleswiger Nachrichten . From 1930 the newspaper developed into a mouthpiece for the NSDAP and thus contributed to making National Socialism a majority in Schleswig. In addition, there was the high affinity of the agricultural officials in the city and district of Schleswig to the NSDAP.
Schleswig under National Socialism
During the twelve years of the “ Third Reich ” around 4,000 people from Schleswig were members of the NSDAP . From 1933 to 1937 the barracks were built on the freedom . Furthermore, in 1935 the original colors of Schleswig's city arms were changed from blue-red to blue-gold. Heraldic principles are said to have been decisive for this.
In 1935, the fishing settlement of Holm, surrounded by water, was connected to Fischbrückstrasse and the ditch was filled in. With the construction of the Knud-Laward-Straße as an access to the barracks, the Holm is no longer an island.
Communists, Social Democrats and Jews were persecuted by the National Socialists and deported to concentration or extermination camps. Several hundred patients at the Hesterberg and Stadtfeld sanatoriums, including over 200 children, were also murdered as part of the euthanasia program .
In the second half of the war there were 15 camps for slave laborers with a total of around 500 places in Schleswig . Most of the mostly Polish and Soviet forced laborers were employed in smaller companies, but around 80 of them worked in the Oellerking rope and tarpaulin factory, mainly for military needs.
The militarily insignificant Schleswig was largely spared from the bombing of the Allies during the Second World War . Various monuments (including the larger-than-life Bismarck statue from Rathausmarkt, the cannon monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I at the government building, the bronze figures from the Reventlou-Beseler monument in front of the district court , the Germania monument on upper Michaelis-Allee) were melted down to remove them To be able to use metal for war production. The monuments were never restored even after the war ended. Instead of the Bismarck monument, a fountain now adorns Schleswig's market square.
On May 4, 1945, Hans-Georg von Friedeburg signed the surrender of all German troops in north-west Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on behalf of the last Reich President Karl Dönitz , who had previously left the last Reich government in Flensburg-Mürwik . In the following days, the city of Schleswig was also occupied by British troops.
Schleswig under the occupying powers in the post-war period
From May 10, 1945, the British confiscated numerous buildings to accommodate their soldiers, including many villas to accommodate the English officers. On May 12th, Gottorf Castle and its entire inventory were confiscated by the British, on May 16 the Seefliegerhorst auf der Freiheit, Gewese Luisenbad and its beach, the boat sheds of the Schleisegelclub and the beach hall. Furthermore, the owners of private sailing boats had to make their ships available. Michaeliskirche served as an English garrison church from May 16. By February 1948, the British seized a total of 151 houses with 2,490 rooms and 73,556 m² of living space, including 59 private houses with 456 rooms. As a result of the confiscations, 1,800 people had to be housed elsewhere.
Schleswig had 26,213 inhabitants in the post-war period . In addition, there were 9,767 refugees from the former German eastern regions and evacuees from the bombed cities, a total of around 36,000 people. Due to food shortages, there was great hunger throughout the city .
On October 12, 1945, the British occupying forces imposed a ban on flags with Danish or Schleswig-Holstein colors to prevent conflict of nationalities. After the Second World War, the Danish minority made efforts to join the Kingdom of Denmark. Since the members of the Danish minority received food aid from Scandinavia, residents who claimed to be part of the Danish minority after the end of National Socialism were suspected by German-minded people of purely material motives and insulted as " bacon Danes ".
As a result of the conversion of the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein into a German federal state by the British military government from 1946 onwards , Schleswig lost its prominent role among the cities of Schleswig-Holstein and Kiel became the state capital. Plans to move the University of Kiel to Schleswig for this purpose were not implemented. The British soldiers were later replaced by the Norwegian military as the occupying power.
Justice and culture capital of the federal state Schleswig-Holstein
On October 24, 1948, the first municipal election in the new federal state of Schleswig-Holstein took place. In Schleswig, an electoral alliance between the CDU and SPD won . This achieved a total of 12,286 votes in Schleswig. The SSW , as a party of the Danish minority, received 7187 votes from the entire population and the left-wing extremist KPD received 305 votes. As a result, 20 German and 7 Danish-minded members were elected to the city council. Of the 20 German representatives, 12 belonged to the CDU and 8 to the SPD. Due to the clear German election victory, the city hall and the cathedral tower then hoisted the blue, white and red national colors that the military government had recently approved.
To compensate for the loss of political and administrative functions as the state capital, Schleswig also became the seat of the Higher Regional Court , the State Archives , the State Museum for Art and Cultural History and the State Archaeological Museum after the Second World War . Schleswig is thus today a cultural and judicial center of the federal state Schleswig-Holstein.
The election to the city assembly on May 6, 2018 resulted in the following composition of the council meeting with a turnout of 41.7%:
|Party / list||Seats|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||6 *|
|Free voters for Schleswig e. V.||2|
|Alliance for Citizens in Schleswig-Holstein e. V.||2|
* The faction of “Bündnis 90 / Den Grünen” consists of only five members and one non-attached member due to personal differences within the elected councilors of the party.
|Term of office||Surname|
|December 29, 1885||December 31, 1909||Julius Heiberg|
|January 1, 1910||December 31, 1912||Wilhelm Brückner|
|April 1, 1913||August 10, 1933||Oscar Behrens|
|August 11, 1933||October 23, 1933||Heinrich Blum, acting mayor|
|October 24, 1933||January 22, 1934||Adolf Herting, acting mayor|
|January 22, 1934||October 31, 1937||Franz Friedrich Freiherr von Baselli|
|December 11, 1937||May 1945||Helmut Lemke , NSDAP|
|May 15, 1945||November 30, 1945||Hans Hinrichs, acting mayor|
|December 1, 1945||November 19, 1948||Hermann Clausen , SPD until July 1946, SSW from 1948, acting mayor, elected mayor from March 7th to November 19th, 1948|
|November 19, 1948||April 30, 1950||Jakob Böhme, CDU|
|May 1, 1950||December 30, 1954||Bruno Lorenzen|
|June 1, 1955||August 9, 1973||Werner Kugler, CDU|
|November 12, 1973||January 18, 1977||Bodo Richter , SPD|
|19th January 1978||January 18, 1990||Heinz Bartheidel , CDU|
|January 19, 1990||January 18, 2002||Klaus Nielsky, SPD|
|January 19, 2002||17th January 2014||Thorsten Dahl , initially CDU, later non-party|
|17th January 2014||January 18, 2020||Arthur Christiansen, independent|
|19th January 2020||in office||Stephan Dose, SPD|
Federal and state politics
Schleswig belongs to the federal constituency of Flensburg - Schleswig and the state constituency of Schleswig , both of which were won directly by the CDU in the 2009 elections. The city is the administrative seat of the Schleswig-Flensburg district .
badges and flags
The coat of arms of the city of Schleswig originated from an old seal of the city that is attested as early as the 13th century. In 1935, Schleswig's proposed coat of arms, which was based on the old seal, was approved for the city. The blazon was thus determined: "In blue over blue and silver waves on a goalless golden pinnacle wall, a golden pinnacle tower accompanied by a golden crescent moon and a six-pointed golden star."
The Schleswig flag (blazon: "The city flag is blue-yellow.") Is not registered in the Schleswig-Holstein municipal coat of arms. The colors blue-yellow correspond to those of the Duchy of Schleswig (see also: Schleswig Lion ).
- London Borough of Hillingdon ( United Kingdom ), since 1958
- Mantes-la-Jolie ( France ), since 1958
- Vejle ( Denmark ), since 1977
- Waren (Müritz) ( Germany , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania ), since 1990
The overwhelming majority of the people of Schleswig are Evangelical Lutheran . Ev.-Luth, formed after the merger of the former parishes of St. Michaelis, Friedrichsberg and the cathedral parish in 2015 . Schleswig parish belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany . The city's Danish Lutheran congregation ( Slesvig og omegns danske Menighed ) belongs to the Danish Church in southern Schleswig and was created in 2014 from the merger of the former congregations Ansgar, Frederiksberg and Treja-Øster Ørsted. In addition, there is a pietistic community in the Evangelical Church . There are also congregations of the Catholic Church (St. Ansgar), the Baptists (Evangelical Free Church Congregation), the Seventh-day Adventists , the Pentecostal (Immanuel congregation), the New Apostolic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses . With the immigration of mainly Turkish guest workers, Islam is now also represented in Schleswig. Since 2014 there has been an Ahmadiyya prayer center in Husumer Baum, which offers guided tours and events for the public. At times there was also a small Jewish community in the city.
Schleswig has been the seat of a bishopric since 947. To this day, the Schleswig Cathedral is the Bishop's Church for the Schleswig district within the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany . Relevant church buildings and community centers are:
- St. Petri Cathedral (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Gottorf Castle Church
- Dreifaltigkeitskirche (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Michaeliskirche (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Pauluskirche (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Church of the Resurrection (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Ansgarkirke (Evangelical-Lutheran Danish, in Ansgarhuset)
- Baptist Chapel in Schleswig (Evangelical Free Church )
- Ansgar Church (Catholic)
- New Apostolic Church
- St. Michael's on the mountain (before 1140-1192), Benedictine - double monastery
- St. Johannis Monastery in front of Schleswig (1194), Benedictine monastery, since 1536 women's monastery
- Gray Abbey (1234-1517, actually monastery of St. Paul), Franciscan Monastery
- St. Maria Magdalena (1235–1528 / 29), Dominican monastery
- Presidential monastery (1656–1932), poor monastery
Culture and sights
The list of cultural monuments in Schleswig includes the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Schleswig-Holstein. In addition, the Wikingturm from the 1970s characterizes the cityscape as a comparatively modern counterpart .
The city of Schleswig is home to a number of museums. Among other things, the Schleswig-Holstein State Museums Foundation Gottorf Castle is based in Schleswig. The State Museum for Art and Cultural History and the State Archaeological Museum are housed in the castle . The Schleswig Folklore Museum was located on the Hesterberg until 2014 , the city museum is located in Günderothschen Hof, and the museum for outsider art is located in the presidential monastery. There is a Holm Museum in the fishing settlement of Holm . The Viking Museum Haithabu in Busdorf (district Haddeby) and the Danewerkmuseum (Danevirkegården) in Dannewerk, which is supported by the Danish minority, are located in front of the city gates . The Teddy Bear House on the area of the City Museum in Schleswiger Friedrichstraße (district Friedrichsberg) is mainly visited by families with children. In the presidential monastery on Stadtweg there are also the East German home parlors, in which the associations of expellees remember the former German eastern territories.
The Schleswig-Holstein State Theater and Symphony Orchestra is the largest state stage in Germany. It consists of several venues and regularly goes on tour through western Schleswig-Holstein. In Schleswig itself it was located in a classical building in the Lollfuß district. The hall of this theater building was closed in June 2011 by the Schleswig Building Authority due to the risk of collapse. Since then, the performances have taken place in Slesvighus , which was built as a hotel in 1901 and has been used as a Danish cultural center since 1922. The city theater was demolished in spring 2015, and negotiations are still ongoing about a new theater building.
The Slesvighus is also the venue for Danish-language theater performances.
In the Friedrichsberg district there is also the Low German stage Schleswiger Speeldeel e. V.
Parks and green spaces
The Königswiesen , which was modernized in 2008 as a central area for the first state horticultural show in Schleswig-Holstein , is the central city park . The approximately 16 hectare Königswiesen, which is located directly on the north bank of the Schlei, is used by the population as a local recreation area with a swimming area. In 2008, a disused pumping station in the park was raised to around 14 meters by a steel structure clad with wooden slats and has served as a lookout tower ever since .
There are also several parks in Schleswig. The Neuwerk garden and the baroque prince's garden, which has been faithfully restored and was already known across the borders of Europe under the Gottorf dukes, with the globe house, should be emphasized here.
The Königswiesen from the air
Libraries and Archives
Art and exhibitions
From May to October 2008, an art installation, Mirror of Our Time , was shown in the Schlei gallery on the Schlei Bay . It was organized by the city of Schleswig and the art and culture team Erfundenes Land . Nine artists dealt with the topics of water and climate change in poetry and object art.
Furthermore, exhibitions by world-class artists take place regularly at Gottorf Castle.
Languages and dialects
In Schleswig, High German , Low German (as Schleswigsch , Angeliter Platt ) and Danish (mainly as Sydslesvigdansk ) are spoken, and until the middle of the 19th century also Sønderjysk ("Plattdänisch", in the Anglo-Danish variety).
- Schwahlmarkt : The Schwahlmarkt takes place every year as a pre-Christmas handicraft market in the cloister of St. Petri Cathedral in Schleswig. Choirs and music groups create the supporting program.
- Viking Days : The Viking Days take place every summer on the banks of the Schlei on the Königswiesen . They are among the largest Viking events in Europe.
- Lecture series : Lecture events take place regularly in both the Prinzenpalais and the Higher Regional Court. Speakers are book authors and politicians.
- Cathedral concerts: The cathedral concerts and the classical concerts as part of the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival take place in the summer months.
- Castle Festival : During the summer months, the Schleswig-Holstein State Theater regularly offers open-air performances in the courtyard of Gottorf Castle.
- Gottorfer Landmarkt : The Gottorfer Landmarkt in May extends over the entire area of the castle island and is the largest ecological land market in the region.
- Årsmøder : The annual meeting (Årsmøder) of the Danish minority takes place in Schleswig regularly at the end of May / beginning of June, ending with an open-air event on the grounds of the Danish sports club Schleswig IF.
- Christmas markets: Traditional Christmas markets take place annually on the grounds of the City Museum on the first weekend of Advent, as well as on Capitolplatz.
- Gottorf Garden Festival : The Gottorf Garden Festival takes place every year in August. Regular components of the festival are the sounds of a concert harp , guided tours to the historically traditional plants, a free view from the roof terrace of the globe house and dance formations in historical costumes.
- Baltic Open Air : a Since 2011, a year-find festival with entertainers including Joe Cocker , Torfrock , Schandmaul and Helloween occurred. In the first year the venue was still on the Königswiesen, in the following years on the former barracks and the new district “Auf der Freiheit”.
- NORDEN - The Nordic Arts Festival : A cross-genre open-air festival that has been taking place on the Königswiesen in late summer since 2018. The artists from the cultural forms of music, literature, dance, street theater and film come from Schleswig-Holstein, the Nordic countries , the Baltic States , Poland and Iceland.
Schleswig as a film set
- Large parts of the film Five Friends (2012) were shot in Schleswig.
- ZDF series under other circumstances u. a. with Natalia Wörner
- ARD - crime scene Borowski and the burning man , u. a. at the AP Møller-Skolen
Economy and Infrastructure
The corporate structure of the city of Schleswig is characterized by medium-sized companies . Since the local sugar factory in Schleswig was closed by the last owner Nordzucker at the end of the beet campaign in 2003 , there are hardly any larger industrial companies in the sector. As a construction company, SAW Schleswiger Asphaltsplitt-Werke has its headquarters in the city.
In the primary sector there is some small-scale coastal fishing. The grinding machines are traditionally based on the handlebar .
The tourism has in Schleswig some importance. The loop is used for water sports. The city and the surrounding area attract many tourists who also use the existing infrastructure for excursion boats on the Schlei.
Other companies based in the city are the Nord-Ostsee Sparkasse , the manufacturer of fitness equipment Sport-Tiedje and the company group Schleswiger Stadtwerke . It consists of four parts, of which Stadtwerke Schleswig GmbH occupies the central position in the network. This is active in the areas of electricity, natural gas, heat and drinking water supply. In the field of environmental services and wastewater disposal, the municipal utilities hit the headlines in March 2017 because millions of small plastic particles from the municipal utilities' systems got into the loop and contaminated them all the way to Arnis .
Motorized private transport
The federal motorway 7 passes to the west of the city . At the connection points Schleswig / Jagel (6) and Schleswig / Schuby (5) there are direct crossings to federal highway 77 and federal highway 201 respectively . The former leads at the southern municipal boundary of Schleswig with the neighboring town of Busdorf directly into the federal highway 76 coming from the north-western urban area and leading in the direction of Eckernförde, Kiel and beyond to Lübeck . This has its origins at the height freely -developed transition of coming from Flensburg state road 317 and it crossed national road two hundred and first
With the Schleswig train station, the city has a connection to the rail network of the Deutsche Bahn group . In local public transport , the trains of the regional express connections 7 and 74 in the Schleswig-Holstein local transport network on the Hamburg – Neumünster – Flensburg and Husum – Kiel routes stop here .
The urban area is opened up in the near and surrounding area by a network of bus routes. On January 1, 2020, the Schleswig-Flensburg district repeatedly awarded concessions for the operation of the so-called bus network south , which also includes Schleswig's city bus service. The company Autokraft is currently entrusted with the operation for the period up to the year 2030.
Furthermore, the place has a small city harbor, from where the city connects other places on the Schlei up to Schleimünde in the excursion shipping as well as in the charter ship traffic .
Schleswig's local daily newspaper is the Schleswig News . It is published by the Schleswig-Holstein newspaper publisher. The Danish-language daily Flensborg Avis also has a local editorial office in town. The Kiel News is also important .
- District Court Schleswig , also Central Dunning Court Schleswig-Holstein
- Schleswig-Holstein Higher Regional Court
- Bugenhagenschule (Friedrichstrasse 103)
- School North (Schützenredder 16)
- St. Jürgen School (Erlenweg 2)
- Wilhelminenschule (Lutherstrasse 11)
- Elementary and secondary schools
- Gottorp Skolen (Danish primary and secondary school, Erdbeerenberg 32)
- Gallberg School (Gallberg 47)
- Dannewerkschule (Erikstraße 50)
- Bruno Lorenzen School (play area 6)
- Elementary and secondary schools
- Hiort Lorenzen-Skolen (Danish elementary and secondary school, Königsberger Straße 3)
- Cathedral School (oldest grammar school in Northern Europe, Königsstraße 37)
- Vocational high school of the Schleswig-Flensburg district / [unofficially] high school at the Fürstengarten (Flensburger Straße 19b)
- Lornsenschule (Michaelisallee 1, Lutherstraße 9)
- AP Møller-Skolen (Danish high school, Fjordallee 1)
- Schleswig-Kropp Funding Center (Flensburger Strasse 120)
- Peter Härtling School (Holzredder 12)
- School Hesterberg (Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 5)
- Landesförderzentrum Hören, Georg Wilhelm Whitsun School (Lutherstrasse 14)
- State Funding Center See (Lutherstrasse 14)
- Vocational Training Center Schleswig (Flensburger Strasse 19b)
- School center for health professions Schleswig (Am Damm 1)
- Other schools
- Educational school
- Agricultural school
- District Music School Schleswig-Flensburg
The closest universities are in Kiel and Flensburg . Of the latter, however, the Institute for Schleswig-Holstein Contemporary and Regional History (IZRG) has its seat in Schleswig.
sons and daughters of the town
Born from the 11th to the 18th centuries
- Ansverus (1038-1066), Benedictine monk and saint
- Waldemar III. von Schleswig (1238–1257), Duke of Schleswig
- Waldemar IV of Schleswig (1265-1312), Duke of Schleswig
- Christian III of Denmark (1503–1559), King of Denmark
- Hieronymus Cypraeus (1516 / 17–1573), Canon
- Johann Münden (1564–1638), Hamburg senior senior citizen and senator
- Sophia von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1569–1634), regent of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- Erasmus Sartorius (1577–1637), composer, organist, music writer and poet
- Johann Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1579–1634), Archbishop of Bremen, Prince-Bishop of Lübeck and Bishop of Verden
- Johann Adolf Cypraeus (1592–1636), pastor
- Friedrich III. of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1597–1659), Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Adolf of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1600–1631), Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Johann von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1606–1655), Prince-Bishop of the Principality of Lübeck
- Magdalena Sibylla of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1631–1719), Duchess of Mecklenburg in the Mecklenburg-Güstrow region
- Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1634–1665), Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
- Friedrich Hans Gloxin (1635–1684), Gottorfischer councilor and curator of the University of Kiel
- Hedwig Eleonora of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1636–1715), Queen of Sweden
- August Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1646–1705), Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf and Prince-Bishop of the Principality of Lübeck
- Ulrich Petersen (1656–1735), lawyer and historian of Schleswig-Holstein history
- Christian Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1641–1695), Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Friedrich IV of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1671–1702), Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Claus von Reventlow (1693–1758), provost of the St. John's Monastery in Schleswig from 1736
- Friedrich von Eyben , lawyer, diplomat and chancellor of the royal shares of Schleswig-Holstein at the seat of government in Glückstadt
- Karl August von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1706–1727), Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf and Prince-Bishop of Lübeck
- Ludvig Harboe (1709–1783), Evangelical Lutheran bishop in Iceland, Norway and Denmark
- Heinrich Christoph von Baudissin (1709–1786), Electoral Saxon general of infantry, governor of Dresden and the Königstein fortress and landowner in Schleswig-Holstein
- Adolf Friedrich of Sweden (1710–1771), King of Sweden
- Johanna Elisabeth von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1712–1760), princess and regent of Anhalt-Zerbst and the mother of the Russian tsarina Katharina II
- Wilhelm Alexander Schwollmann (1734–1800), Protestant theologian
- Jakob Friedrich Feddersen (1736–1788), cathedral preacher at Brunswick Cathedral and provost in Altona
- Johann von Bruyn (1739–1799), Major, Oberlandinspektor (land reformer)
- Werner Hans Friedrich Abrahamson (1744–1812), Danish officer, writer, editor and translator
- Johann Christian Jürgensen (1744–1823), white baker, instrument maker and chronicler
- Asmus Jakob Carstens (1754–1798), classicist painter
- Matthias Conrad Peterson (1761–1833) is considered a pioneer of Norwegian journalism
- Adolf Christian Hensler (1779–1842), pastor
- Wilhelm Johann Theodor Mauch (1788–1863), doctor and bryologist
- Friedrich Graf von Reventlou (1797–1874), Schleswig-Holstein politician
- Herman Wilhelm Bissen (1798–1868), classicist sculptor, Thorvaldsen student
- Friedrich Georg Wieck (1800–1860), writer and industrialist
Born in the 19th century
- Margarete Binder (1801–1870), stage actress
- Karl Christian Tadey (1802–1841), educator and pastor
- Nikolaus Thomsen (1803–1872), Protestant theologian
- Karl Philipp Francke (1805–1870), administrative lawyer and member of parliament in Schleswig-Holstein and Coburg
- Johann Bröker (1806–1890), politician (deputy of the clergy), member of the Holstein assembly of estates, Evangelical Lutheran theologian and provost
- Christian Friedrich Callisen (1806–1863), civil servant, lawyer and mayor of Flensburg
- Doris Esselbach (1808–1869), owner of the Hotel Stadt Hamburg
- Johannes Christiansen (1809–1854), professor of law at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel , politician (member of the German-minded Schleswig-Holstein movement), member of the Holstein assembly of estates
- Friedrich Adolph Mackrott (1811–1880), town musician
- Friederike von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1811–1902), Duchess of Anhalt-Bernburg
- Georg Johann Theodor Lau (1813–1873), Protestant clergyman and church historian
- Karl of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1813–1878), civil registrar
- Christian Rauch (1813–1887), educator and politician
- Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1814–1885), civil registrar
- Hermann Georg Krüger (1815–1897), architect and building inspector
- Franz Geerz (1816–1888), general staff officer and cartographer
- Gustav Ferdinand Thaulow (1817–1883), professor of philosophy at the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel and founder of the Thaulow Museum
- Julius Wagner (1818–1879), genre painter
- Rudolph Reichmann (1821–1908), pioneer of the German press in the USA
- Karl Heinrich Keck (1824–1895), writer
- Friedrich Eduard Krichauff (1824–1904), German-Australian botanist and politician
- Heinrich Marquardsen (1826–1897), legal scholar and politician
- Johann Adolph von Heintze (1829–1904), District Administrator
- Ernst Esselbach (1832–1864), physicist
- Berend Wilhelm Feddersen (1832–1918), physicist
- Christian Nikolaus Schnittger (1832–1896), painter, draftsman and photographer
- Heinrich von Heintze-Weißenrode (1834–1918), forest clerk and court clerk, member of the Prussian manor house
- Victor Hensen (1835-1924), marine biologist
- Edward Selig Salomon (1836–1913), Brigadier General in the American Civil War (Civil War), Governor of the Washington Territory (1870–1872)
- Christoph von Tiedemann (1836-1907), in 1878 by Chancellor Otto von Bismarck for the first head of the newly founded Reich Chancellery appointed
- Hermann Heiberg (1840–1910), writer
- Johannes Hoffmann (1844–1920), sculptor and diplomat
- Karl Nikolai Jensen Börgen (1843–1909), astronomer
- Bernhard Wieck (1845–1913), engineer, director of the Berliner Grundrentengesellschaft, first district and community head of Grunewald
- Julius Engel (1842–1926), judge and Hamburg city council president
- Adolf Jacobsen (1852–1902), leather manufacturer and member of the German Reichstag
- Heinrich Philippsen (1858–1936), Schleswig-Holstein local researcher
- Hans von Seeckt (1866-1936), General of the First World War, from 1920 to 1926 Chief of the High Command of the army, politicians (DVP), 1930-1932 member of the German Reichstag
- Magda Wiegand-Dehn (1867–1938), textile artist
- Wolf Ernst Hugo Emil von Baudissin (1867–1926), writer, journalist and publisher
- Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau (1869–1928), first foreign minister of the Weimar Republic
- Hans Roß (1873–1922), architect and building artist
- Fritz Engelke (actually Friedrich Engelke; 1878–1956), Lutheran theologian and 1934/35 "Vicar of the German Evangelical Church"
- Hermann Föge (1878–1963), German lawyer and politician (DDP, DStP, later FDP)
- Hans-Otto de Boor (1886–1956), legal scholar
- Niko Wöhlk (1887–1950), painter
- Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke (1889–1968), Lieutenant General in World War II
- Carl von Lorck (1892–1975), lawyer and art historian
- Elisabeth Sophie Dabelstein (1895–1976), alpinist and writer
- Hermann Jensen (1895–1946), doctor and head of the Reich Mother House of the NS Sisterhood in Dresden
- Karl Stumpff (1895–1970), astronomer
- Anton Franzen (1896–1968), politician (NSDAP), member of the German Reichstag, Braunschweig State Minister for the Interior and National Education
- Waldemar Augustiny (1897–1979), writer
- Heinrich Hoffmann (1899–1979), party functionary (SPD / SED), Thuringian state politician and member of the 1st German People's Council
- Bernhard Rogge (1899–1982), naval officer, ship commander, most recently rear admiral in the German Navy
- Hilde Wernicke (1899–1947), psychiatrist who was involved in Nazi crimes as part of child euthanasia
Born in the 20th century
- Hans Kudszus (1901–1977), writer and aphorist
- Erwin Hinrichs (1904–1962), painter
- Heinz Marten (1908–1991), oratorio tenor and lieder singer
- Heinrich Wolff (1909–1975), politician (CDU), member of the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament
- Erich Duggen (1910–1989), painter
- Uwe Sörensen (1920–2006), naval officer, most recently flotilla admiral of the German Navy
- Harald Kracht (1927–2018), educator and founder as well as long-time chairman of the DLRG youth
- Erich Martensen (* 1927), mathematician
- Manfred Hansen (1928–1987), politician (SPD), member of the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament
- Jannpeter Zopfs (* 1934), judge at the German Federal Court of Justice
- Jürgen Miethke (* 1935), bank manager, chairman of the Savings Banks and Giro Association for Schleswig-Holstein, honorary professor of the state of Schleswig-Holstein
- Klaus Jepsen (1936–2005), actor and voice actor
- Ingo von Bredow (1939–2015), regatta sailor, world champion and Olympic participant
- Heinz Kruse (1940-2008), opera singer (tenor)
- Volker Lemke (* 1942), politician (CDU), member of the state parliament of Schleswig-Holstein
- Ludwig Schmahl (* 1943), professor of law at the Federal University of Applied Sciences, head of the master's degree in "European Administrative Management", Catholic deacon
- Bernd Kröplin (1944–2019), engineer
- Christian Redl (* 1948), film actor
- Jobst Hirscht (* 1948), track and field athlete
- Hans-Hermann Tiedje (* 1949), journalist, a. a. Former editor-in-chief of “Bild” and “Bunte”, advisor to Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl, TV presenter, CEO of WMP EuroCom
- Günter H. Seidler (* 1951), Professor of Medicine at Heidelberg University
- Ralf Rothmann (* 1953), writer
- Sibylle Weischenberg (* 1954), journalist and media expert
- Norbert Nieszery (* 1960), politician (SPD), member of the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- André Bawar (* 1962), writer and journalist
- Ekkehard Wölk (* 1967), jazz musician
- Kay Richert (* 1973), politician (FDP)
- Marcus Werner (* 1974), TV presenter
- Claas P. Jambor (* 1970s), Christian rock and pop musician
- Claudia von Lanken (* 1977), soccer coach
- Florian Hossner (* 1982), handball player
- Annika Ernst (* 1982), actress
- Jan-Ingwer Callsen-Bracker (* 1984), football player
- Tim Wulff (* 1987), soccer player
People who grew up in Schleswig and who were born in other places
- Jacob Alberts (1860–1941), professor of art, painter
- Georg Asmussen (1856–1933), writer
- Adelbert Heinrich von Baudissin (1820–1871), writer and founder or co-founder of the “City of Heilbrunn” in the USA
- Georg Beseler (1809–1888), professor of law at the universities of Basel, Rostock, Greifswald and Berlin, politician (member of the German-minded Schleswig-Holstein movement / casino parliamentary group), member of the Frankfurt National Assembly, vice-president and member of the Prussian mansion and member of the German Reichstag
- Wilhelm Beseler (1806-1884), politician (member of the German-minded Schleswig-Holstein movement / casino parliamentary group), member of the Schleswig Assembly of Estates, member and vice-president of the Frankfurt National Assembly, president and governor of the provisional government of Schleswig-Holstein from 1848 to 1851
- Friedrich Bluhme (1797–1874), professor of law at the Universities of Halle, Göttingen and Bonn
- Johann Adrian Bolten (1742–1807), Lutheran theologian, historian, writer and Bible translator
- Cäcilie von Brockdorff (1837–1912), painter and editor
- Johann Leonhard Callisen (1738–1806), Protestant theologian and general superintendent of Holstein
- Udo Corts (* 1955), politician (CDU), member of the State Parliament of Hesse, State Secretary in the Ministry of the Interior of the State of Hesse, Minister for Science and Art in Hesse
- Jürgen Drews (* 1945), pop singer and "King of Mallorca"
- Hans-Uwe Erichsen (* 1934), Professor of Law and Rector of the University of Münster, Former President of the German Rectors' Conference
- Johannes Ewald (1743–1781), poet
- Asmus Finzen (* 1940), professor of psychiatry at the University of Hanover, science journalist
- Lone Fischer (* 1988), handball player
- Johannes Gaye (1804–1840), art historian
- Hans Hensen (1786–1846), head of the royal institution for the deaf and dumb in Schleswig, budget adviser and professor
- Hans Holtorf (1899–1984), theater founder, writer and painter
- Ferdinand Hucho (* 1939), professor of biochemistry at the Universities of Konstanz and Berlin, member of the board of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, initiator and co-author of the First German Gene Technology Report
- Uwe Jensen (* 1943), politician (SPD), Member of Parliament and Vice President in the Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament, State Secretary in the Schleswig-Holstein Ministry of Justice
- Christian Kortholt the Elder (1633–1694), professor of Greek and Protestant theology at the Universities of Rostock and Kiel
- Walter Prüschenk von Lindenhofen (1857–1916), politician (FRP - Free Conservative Party), member of the German Reichstag
- Uwe Jens Lornsen (1793–1838), pioneer of a unified German Schleswig-Holstein
- Heinrich Lysius (1670–1731), professor of theology and rector at the University of Königsberg
- Christian Carl Magnussen (1821–1896), painter
- Nicolaus Mattsen (1847–1924), politician (NLP - National Liberal Party), member of the Prussian House of Representatives and member of the German Reichstag
- Christian Karl Meissner (1801–?), Theologian and author
- Joachim Meyerhoff (* 1967), actor and writer
- Kay Nehm (* 1941), lawyer, retired federal prosecutor D.
- Berthold Otto (1859–1933), reform pedagogue and founder of the private school in Berlin-Lichterfelde
- Dierk Puls (1913–1994), writer and Germanist
- Edvard Rambusch (1846–1934), politician (Denmark), member of the Upper House of the Danish Reichstag
- Karl Friedrich Lucian Samwer (1819–1882), professor of law at the University of Kiel
- François Smesny (* 1968), actor
- Hermann Tast (1490–1551), reformer
- Marcus Tönsen (1772–1861), professor of law at the University of Kiel
- Ekkehard Winterfeldt (1932–2014), professor of chemistry at the University of Hanover, former president of the Society of German Chemists and member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
- Georg Friedrich Witte (1799–1865), city counsel and appellate judge
People related to Schleswig
- Jacob Georg Christian Adler (1756–1843), general superintendent for Holstein and Schleswig
- Elisabeth Beling (1595–1679), founder of the Trinity Church in Friedrichsberg
- Carl Gottlieb Bellmann (1772–1861), organist and composer of the Schleswig-Holstein song
- Matthäus Friedrich Chemnitz (1815–1870), lawyer and lyricist of the Schleswig-Holstein song
- Carl Diercke (1842–1913), educator and cartographer
- Friedrich Karl Gotsch (1900–1984), painter and graphic artist, Friedrich Karl Gotsch Foundation, Gottorf Castle
- Daniel Hartnack (1642–1708), Protestant theologian, schoolmaster and writer
- Asta Heiberg (1817–1904), writer
- Jürgen Hoika (1941–2005), from 1971 at the Schleswig-Holstein State Museum for Prehistory and Early History, where in 1981 he became senior scientific adviser
- Paul Holz (1883–1938), draftsman
- Heinrich Christian Horn (1837–1899), shipowner
- Peter Jochims (1762–1844), Judicial and Budget Councilor
- Rochus von Liliencron (1820–1912), provost of the ladies' monastery of St. Johannis in front of Schleswig
- Friedrich Lübker (1811–1867), classical philologist
- Edwin von Manteuffel (1809–1885), after the victory in the German-Danish War in 1864, he was appointed governor of Schleswig on August 22, 1865; In 1867 he was granted honorary citizenship
- August Mommsen (1821–1913), teacher and historian
- Adam Olearius (1599–1671), writer, diplomat and explorer
- Friedrich Ernst Peters (1890–1962), writer and director of the state school for the deaf in Schleswig (1946–1955)
- Wilhelm Petersen (1835–1900), lawyer and literary critic
- Georg Wilhelm Pfingsten (1746–1827), teacher of the deaf and dumb
- Ulrike von Pogwisch (1798–1875), prioress in the St. Johannis monastery and sister of Ottilie von Goethe
- Joachim Rachel (1618–1669), satirist
- Johann Reinboth (1609–1673), General Superintendent of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Adolph Wilhelm Schack von Staffeldt (1769–1826), Denmark's first romantic poet
- Christian Schlee (1579–1646), Lutheran clergyman, theologian and university professor
- Georg Friedrich Schumacher (1771-1852), teacher
- Friederike Sophie Seyler (1738–1789), was considered the most famous German actress of the second half of the 18th century
- Hermann Siemonsen (1882–1958), Lutheran clergyman, provost of Schleswig
- Johann Skondelev († 1421), Bishop of Schleswig
- Christian Sledanus (1579–1646), clergyman, theologian and university professor, pastor and provost at Schleswig Cathedral, died in Schleswig.
- Zacharias Stampeel (1654–1731), Lutheran theologian, educator and librarian
- Carl Ferdinand Suadicani (1753-1824) was one of the most important doctors of his time in Schleswig-Holstein
- Carsten Redlef Volquardsen (1824–1875), classical philologist and teacher
- Karl Wilhelm Struve (1917–1988), curator and director of the Schleswig-Holstein State Museum
- Bendix Friedrich Zinck (1715–1799), town musician and organist in Schleswig Cathedral , composer
On January 8, 2004, Deutsche Post issued a special stamp with a face value of 55 cents on the occasion of Schleswig's 1200th anniversary. It shows motifs from history as well as important buildings in the city.
- Heinrich Philippsen: Brief history of the city of Schleswig and the Schleswig Knudsgilde . Schleswig 1926.
- Joachim Skierka: Schleswig in the governor time 1711-1836.
- Theo Christiansen: Schleswig 1836-1945.
- Theo Christiansen: Schleswig and the Schleswig-Holstein 1945–1962.
- Theo Christiansen: Schleswig 1945–1968. Photo documentation
- Torsten Schulze: Schleswig - as it was. Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1996.
- Reimer Pohl: Streets in Schleswig.
- Volker Vogel: Schleswig in the Middle Ages, archeology of a city.
- Oliver Bruhns: Schleswig city stories. In: Reimer Witt, Oliver Bruhns: 1200 years of Schleswig. ed. from the Lions Club Schleswig, 2006.
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Jens Byskov: Modersmaalet , 1947, p. 215
- Johannes von Schröder: Topography of the Duchy of Schleswig , 2nd edition, Oldenburg (Holstein) 1854, p. 242
- or "Schlei Bay or Schlei Harbor". See: Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory: Praehistorische Zeitschrift. de Gruyter, Berlin 1930, p. 259.
- Københavns Universitet: Afdeling for Navneforskning / Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
- See representation of the Society for Leprosy under Documentation: Medieval Leprosoria in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg ( Memento from February 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) and Medieval Leprosoria in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg - Annex, Details of the Leprosoria ( Memento from December 10th 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed December 7, 2014
- Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution Schleswig (PDF; 578 kB; accessed on April 27, 2016)
- The witches of Schleswig. In: Hamburger Abendblatt. January 11, 2014, p. 26.
- Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany: Church and city of Schleswig remember burned witches ; Retrieved April 27, 2016
- Bernd Philipsen: The First World War. The hunger for news at the "gruesome abyss". on sh: z online
- Website of the Schleswig City Museum , accessed on March 9, 2016.
- Website of the Advisory Board for History with detailed information on the most important actors in the NSDAP rule in Schleswig , accessed on March 9, 2016.
- The surrender on the Timeloberg (PDF, 16 S .; 455 kB)
- Alte-Schleihalle. War Chronicle 1939–1948 , accessed on: June 3, 2017
- Alte-Schleihalle. War Chronicle 1939–1948 , accessed June 3, 2017.
- Alte-Schleihalle. War Chronicle 1939–1948 , accessed on: June 3, 2017
- Schleswig-Holstein History
- schleswig.de ( Memento from July 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- City history of Schleswig. Stadtsiegel Schleswig ( Memento from February 20, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on: February 19, 2017
- Museums North. Seal , accessed on: February 19, 2017
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
- Ev.-Luth. Church in Northern Germany: Schleswig congregations celebrate union
- Dansk Kirke i Sydslesvig: Slesvig og omegns danske Menighed
- Society for Schleswig-Holstein History: Jews in Schleswig-Holstein ( Memento from February 3, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Schleswig observation tower on the website ppp-architekten.de
- Start | NORTH - the nordic arts festival. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
- The sugar factory. Retrieved July 3, 2020 .
- Sven Windmann: The plastic scandal heats the mind. Schleswiger Nachrichten , accessed on March 29, 2018 .
- The new subnetwork south in the Schleswig-Flensburg district. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
- Documents from the Schleswig city administration, main office
- Official website
- Thorsten Dahl: History of Schleswig in numbers ( Memento from May 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Private website with numerous old photos from Schleswig