Christian Carl Magnussen
life and work
The birth house of Christian Carl Magnussen (CC Magnussen), who was also known as "painter of the Frisians" or "Frisian painter", is located at Norderstraße 28 in Bredstedt. At the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen he was a student of Herman Wilhelm (Vilhelm) Bissen . From 1846 to 1848 he was in Rome , where he dealt intensively with Roman popular life. The Dane Lorenz Fröhlich was one of his closer Roman artist friends. When his application for a scholarship was rejected in Copenhagen, Magnussen joined the Schleswig-Holstein rebellion against Denmark in 1848 with the painter Detlef Conrad Blunck. He then settled in Hamburg as a portrait painter, where he made friends with the animal painter William Bottomley and fell in love with Meta Meyer, the daughter of the Hamburg Senator Georg Christian Lorenz Meyer, who sent the painter to Paris for further training. From 1851 to 1852 he was a student of Thomas Couture . Meta Meyer married in Hamburg in May 1853, after which Magnussen and his wife, thanks to their inheritance, settled in Rome, where they spent seven happy years and kept an open house in their apartment on Via Gregoriana. The most prominent guest was Crown Prince Friedrich, permanent visitors were the art historian Wilhelm Lübke, the painters Ludwig Knaus, Heinrich Hoffmann, Valentin Ruths and the brothers Gustav Adolf and Louis Spangenberg. The friendship with the march poet Hermann Allmers became particularly close. Magnussen mainly painted idealized portraits of women and pictures from Italian folk life in Rome.
When life in Rome became increasingly unsafe in view of the danger of war with Austria, Magnussen returned to Hamburg with his wife and children and spent several years here as a portrait painter . In 1875 he moved to Schleswig and opened a wood carving school that was supposed to revive the techniques of the "old masters". He restored sacred carvings from churches in northern Germany, with some pieces falling victim to his rigid restoration, which robbed the works of art of their source value.
Magnussen was considered a collector of furniture and church inventories from his home in Schleswig from the 16th and 17th centuries. He is said to have collected 500 pieces. Since his carving school was not very successful, he offered the collection for sale at an exhibition in the new Museum of Applied Arts in Copenhagen in 1894 . The collection was bought by Duke Ernst August von Cumberland and is now on display as part of the Cumberland Collection in Sønderborg Castle . Justus Brinckmann acquired another part in 1887 for the Museum of Art and Industry in Hamburg.
Magnussen's monumental painting of a historic senatorial meeting in the Phoenix Hall of Hamburg City Hall , which was inaugurated shortly before his death. Magnussen was a member of the Hamburg Artists' Association from 1832 .
Magnussen had sixteen children from two marriages. His children included the sculptor Harro Magnussen (1861–1908), the ceramicist Walter Magnussen (1869–1946) and the painter and writer Ingeborg Magnussen (1856–1946).
Works in public collections
- Self-portrait , 1848, oil on canvas, 61 × 44 cm, Kunsthalle Hamburg
- Interior of a Roman osteria , around 1855, oil on canvas, 718 × 92 cm, Schleswig-Holstein State Museum .
- Toda , 1859, oil on canvas, 74.5 × 62.5 cm, Museumsberg Flensburg
- Portrait of Klaus Groth , approx. 1863, oil on canvas, 46 × 38 cm (oval), Schleswig-Holstein State Museum .
- Portrait of Klaus Groth , oil on canvas, 74 × 92.5 cm, Lüttenheid Museum Island ( Klaus Groth Museum ).
- Hans-Dieter Loose : Christian Carl Magnussen and his group portrait of the Hamburg Senate. In: Contributions to Schleswiger Stadtgeschichte , vol. 18 (1973), pp. 25–35.
- Ernst Schlee : Christian Carl Magnussen. An artist's fate from the imperial era. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum 1991, ISBN 978-3-88042-577-4 .
- Ulrich Schulte-Wülwer, Longing for Arcadia - Schleswig-Holstein Painters in Italy, Heide 2009, pp. 257–267.
- Rudolf Jaworski , Witold Molik: Monuments in Kiel and Posen: Parallels and Contrasts , Verlag Ludwig, 2002, ISBN 3-933598-41-9 . P. 99 ( online at: books.google.de )
- Sønderjyllands Museum website ( Memento of the original from March 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Peter Sieve: Magnussen, Ingeborg. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 20, Bautz, Nordhausen 2002, ISBN 3-88309-091-3 , Sp. 967-970.
|SURNAME||Magnussen, Christian Carl|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Magnussen, CC|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 31, 1821|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bredstedt|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 18, 1896|
|Place of death||Schleswig|