Edward V briefly becomes
King of England .
|Johann II refuses to support Christopher Columbus .|
|1483 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||931/932 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 2nd house - Ome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2026/27 (southern Buddhism); 2025/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||845/846 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||887/888 (New Year 8/9 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5243/44 (September 1st and 2nd)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1793/94 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1794/95 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1539/40 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Wars of the Roses in England
On April 9 died unexpectedly after only one week of illness the English King Edward IV. The Kingdom he leaves his eldest son, the twelve-year-old Edward V to guardian, nine years for Edward's brother Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York , he determined his Brother Richard , Duke of Gloucester . Together with the Privy Council , Richard is supposed to rule the country during the minority of the heir to the throne. In the Privy Council, however, two warring parties, the Richards and the Queen Dowager Elizabeth Woodville , try to win as many allies as possible in order to gain control of the minor heir to the throne, the treasury and the fleet. At the end of April Elizabeth Woodville was in possession of the treasury and the fleet, while Richard was able to win over the rich and militarily strong Lord Chancellor William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings , and Henry Stafford , the Duke of Buckingham , both members of the Council of Thrones. He meets the young king in Stony Stratford near Nottingham and informs his nephew that his mother has apparently disregarded the last will of Edward IV. Edward then, forcibly or voluntarily, places himself in Richard's care. His previous court is imprisoned. Elisabeth then goes with her daughters to Westminster Abbey , where they are granted asylum . Her brother leaves the country with the fleet. The rest of the Council of Thrones approves Richard's move, who moves into London with his nephew on May 4th .
- June 13th : Richard's former ally William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings , is convicted and executed on charges of conspiracy . In this context, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers , brother of Elizabeth Woodville, was also executed a few days later .
- June 26 : Richard III. usurps the throne of England after the English parliament had declared him the rightful heir to the throne the day before . He drops his nephew Eduard V and spends him with his younger brother in the tower , where the two later perish under circumstances that have not yet been clearly clarified.
- November 2nd : Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , is also executed as a traitor. He may have contacted Heinrich Tudor to persuade him to take over the throne.
- August 30th : The 13-year-old Charles VIII is born after the death of his father Louis XI. King of France under the reign of his sister Anne de Beaujeu .
Kingdom of Castile / Emirate of Granada
- Conquest of the Kingdom of Granada : In March, a Castilian army marches towards Malaga . With the use of archers and light cavalry units, the defenders of the Emirate of Granada, led by Abu l-Hasan Ali and his brother Muhammad al-Zagal, can push back the attackers.
- In order to distinguish himself in the fight against the Christians, Abu l-Hasan Ali's son and rival to the throne Muhammad XII also breaks . at the head of a troop formation consisting of 9,000 infantry and 700 riders to attack the city of Lucena , which is far in Castilian territory . Lucena can withstand the attack. On their retreat towards Loja , Muhammad XII. himself and 5,000 of his fighters in captivity.
- In order to avoid that the emirate would be reunited without internal disputes under the sole rule of Abu l-Hasan Ali, the Catholic Kings concluded with Muhammad XII shortly afterwards. a two-year peace agreement. In it he undertakes to pay a ransom and recognize the Catholic Kings as his feudal lords. Muhammad will be released in early September. He initially resides in Guadix , from where he is preparing his return to the capital. The city of Granada then becomes the scene of a civil war.
- April 29th : The island of Gran Canaria is ruled by the Kingdom of Castile after the last resistance from the ranks of the Guanches has been abandoned . The indigenous people are enslaved.
Portugal and its colonies
- The Portuguese navigator Diogo Cão is the first European to land in what is now Angola . He established a padrão and declared the area a Portuguese colony .
- Christopher Columbus tries to win Portugal for a search for a sea route to India , which is rejected by King John II .
- During the siege of the Spanish fortress of Alhama by the Moors , so-called siege notes, the first European paper money, were issued due to the acute shortage of coins .
- December 20 : Johann Snell prints the first book in Sweden , the collection of fables Dialogus creaturarum .
- On a mission to the Terraferma , the 18-year-old Venetian Marino Sanudo begins keeping his travel diary.
- Schongauer's elephant comes to Germany.
- Johannes Burckard becomes master of ceremonies at the Roman Curia and begins recording the Liber notarum .
Date of birth saved
- January 8 : Wenzeslaus Linck , German Lutheran theologian and reformer († 1547 )
- January 12 : Heinrich III. von Nassau , Count of Nassau and Lord of Breda († 1538 )
- February 4 : Ridolfo Ghirlandaio , Italian painter († 1561 )
- February 14 : Babur , founder and ruler of the Mughal Empire in India († 1530 )
- March 6 : Francesco Guicciardini , Florentine politician and historian († 1540 )
- probably April 6th : Raffael (Raffaelo Santi), Italian painter and builder († 1520 )
- April 19 : Paolo Giovio , Italian writer († 1552 )
- October 10 : Dmitri Ivanovich the grandson , Russian Grand Duke († 1509 )
- October 16 : Gasparo Contarini , Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1542 )
- October 27 : Hans Buchner , German organist and composer († 1538 )
- November 10 : Martin Luther , German reformer († 1546 )
- November 16 : Elisabeth von der Pfalz , Landgravine of Hessen-Marburg and Margravine of Baden († 1522 )
- December 3 : Nikolaus von Amsdorf , German reformer and theologian at the time of Luther († 1565 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Laurentius Autenrieth , abbot of the Benedictine monastery Lorch near Schwäbisch Gmünd († 1549 )
- Chen Chun , Chinese painter of the Ming period († 1544 )
- Jakob Gresel , German humanist and cleric († 1552 )
- Vincens Lunge , Danish and Norwegian councilor († 1536 )
- Johann Travers , Swiss lawyer, governor, military leader, pioneer and co-founder of the Rhaeto-Romanic language in the Engadine († 1563 )
First half of the year
- January 13 : Heinrich III. , Landgrave of Upper Hesse (* 1440 )
- January 19 : Wilhelm von Egmond , Flemish nobleman, governor of Gelderland (* 1412 )
- to January 23 : Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Ferrers of Groby , English aristocrat (* around 1419 )
- March 23 : Jolande , Duchess of Lorraine and Bar and titular queen of Jerusalem (* 1428 )
- April 5 : Martin Römer , Saxon merchant (* 1432 )
- April 9 : Edward IV , King of England (* 1442 )
- April 24th : Marguerite de Bourbon , French noblewoman (* 1438 )
- before April 27: Albrecht VI. , Duke of Mecklenburg (* 1438 )
- June 13 : William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings , English nobleman, executed (* around 1431 )
- June 21 : Elisabeth of Burgundy , Duchess of Kleve (* 1439 )
- June 25th : Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers , English nobleman, executed (* around 1440 )
- June 25 : Thomas Vaughan , Welsh politician, courtier, military man and diplomat (* around 1410 )
- June: Richard Gray , English nobleman (* around 1456 )
Second half of the year
- July 16 : Alvise Cadamosto , Venetian merchant and explorer in the Portuguese service (* around 1432 )
- 5th August : Josse de Lalaing , Burgundian nobleman, governor of Holland and Zealand (* around 1442 )
- August 30 : Louis XI. , King of France (* 1423 )
- 21 / October 22 : Francesco Gonzaga the Elder , Bishop of Brixen and Mantua (* 1444 )
- November 2 : Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , English nobleman, executed (* 1455 )
- December 1st : Charlotte of Savoy , as wife of Louis XI. Queen of France (* 1441 )
- December 20 : Stephan Grube , Archbishop of Riga (* 1450 )
- December 31 : Gilles Joye , Flemish theologian, poet, singer and composer (* 1425 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Amadio da Milano , Italian goldsmith (* around 1420 )
- Thuringia von Ringoltingen , Swiss writer and mayor of Bern (* around 1415 )
Died around 1483
- probably 1483, after June 25th: Edward V , King of England (* 1470 )
- probably 1483, after June 25th: Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York , prince and younger brother of the King of England (* 1473 )