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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Edward V.
Edward V briefly becomes
King of England .
Johann II.
Johann II refuses to support Christopher Columbus .
1483 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 931/932 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1475/76
Aztec calendar 3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 2nd house - Ome Calli )
Buddhist calendar 2026/27 (southern Buddhism); 2025/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the water hare癸卯 ( at the beginning of the year water tiger 壬寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 845/846 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 861/862
Islamic calendar 887/888 (New Year 8/9 February)
Jewish calendar 5243/44 (September 1st and 2nd)
Coptic calendar 1199/1200
Malayalam calendar 658/659
Seleucid era Babylon: 1793/94 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1794/95 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1521
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1539/40 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Wars of the Roses in England

Elizabeth Woodville
War of the Roses

On April 9 died unexpectedly after only one week of illness the English King Edward IV. The Kingdom he leaves his eldest son, the twelve-year-old Edward V to guardian, nine years for Edward's brother Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York , he determined his Brother Richard , Duke of Gloucester . Together with the Privy Council , Richard is supposed to rule the country during the minority of the heir to the throne. In the Privy Council, however, two warring parties, the Richards and the Queen Dowager Elizabeth Woodville , try to win as many allies as possible in order to gain control of the minor heir to the throne, the treasury and the fleet. At the end of April Elizabeth Woodville was in possession of the treasury and the fleet, while Richard was able to win over the rich and militarily strong Lord Chancellor William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings , and Henry Stafford , the Duke of Buckingham , both members of the Council of Thrones. He meets the young king in Stony Stratford near Nottingham and informs his nephew that his mother has apparently disregarded the last will of Edward IV. Edward then, forcibly or voluntarily, places himself in Richard's care. His previous court is imprisoned. Elisabeth then goes with her daughters to Westminster Abbey , where they are granted asylum . Her brother leaves the country with the fleet. The rest of the Council of Thrones approves Richard's move, who moves into London with his nephew on May 4th .

King Richard III


The young Charles VIII.

Kingdom of Castile / Emirate of Granada

  • Conquest of the Kingdom of Granada : In March, a Castilian army marches towards Malaga . With the use of archers and light cavalry units, the defenders of the Emirate of Granada, led by Abu l-Hasan Ali and his brother Muhammad al-Zagal, can push back the attackers.
  • In order to distinguish himself in the fight against the Christians, Abu l-Hasan Ali's son and rival to the throne Muhammad XII also breaks . at the head of a troop formation consisting of 9,000 infantry and 700 riders to attack the city of Lucena , which is far in Castilian territory . Lucena can withstand the attack. On their retreat towards Loja , Muhammad XII. himself and 5,000 of his fighters in captivity.
  • In order to avoid that the emirate would be reunited without internal disputes under the sole rule of Abu l-Hasan Ali, the Catholic Kings concluded with Muhammad XII shortly afterwards. a two-year peace agreement. In it he undertakes to pay a ransom and recognize the Catholic Kings as his feudal lords. Muhammad will be released in early September. He initially resides in Guadix , from where he is preparing his return to the capital. The city of Granada then becomes the scene of a civil war.

Canary Islands

Portugal and its colonies


  • During the siege of the Spanish fortress of Alhama by the Moors , so-called siege notes, the first European paper money, were issued due to the acute shortage of coins .



Martin Schongauer : Elephant , copper engraving, around 1485


Date of birth saved

Martin Luther, 1529

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Edward IV of England

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1483

Web links

Commons : 1483  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files