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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Christopher III.  from Denmark
Christopher III. becomes
King of Denmark .
Friedrich II.
Friedrich II becomes
Elector of Brandenburg .
Battle of Anghiari (Peter Paul Rubens after Leonardo da Vinci)
At the Battle of Anghiari , the army of Florence defeated
a superior force of the Duchy of Milan .
1440 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 888/889 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1432/33
Aztec calendar 12. Tubes - Matlactli omome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th Rabbit - Matlactli ozce Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1983/84 (southern Buddhism); 1982/83 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the metal monkey庚申 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Sheep 己未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 802/803 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 818/819
Islamic calendar 843/844 (turn of the year 1st / 2nd June)
Jewish calendar 5200/01 (August 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1156/57
Malayalam calendar 615/616
Seleucid era Babylon: 1750/51 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1751/52 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1478
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1496/97 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

King's choice
Retreat of the people of Zurich across the lake after the meeting at Pfäffikon in the Swiss Chronicle
Mark Brandenburg
Brandenburg / Prussia from 1440

Kalmar Union

Prussian Confederation

Poland / Bohemia / Hungary

  • The Magyar magnates press Elisabeth of Luxembourg , the heavily pregnant widow of Albrecht V , who died in October and, as the daughter of King Sigismund, the legitimate heiress of Hungary , to deal with the much younger King Władysław III. of Poland and thus to combine the defenses of both countries against an impending attack by the Turks. However, she refuses, convinced that she will give birth to a male heir to the throne. Shortly before her confinement, her lady-in-waiting Helene Kottannerin was able to steal the Hungarian St. Stephen's crown on February 21 under adventurous circumstances and bring it to Komárom . The next day, Elisabeth gives birth to her son Ladislaus Postumus . Theoretically, Ladislaus is a duke and double king from birth, but his kingship is controversial in Bohemia and Hungary. In order to create facts, Elisabeth has the two-month Ladislaus crowned King of Hungary with the St. Stephen's Crown on May 15 in Stuhlweissenburg . The meanwhile called to Hungary Wladyslaw III. is also crowned King of Hungary on July 17th . A civil war of almost two years ensues. On August 23, Elisabeth hands over her son to the Habsburg Frederick III, who has meanwhile risen to the position of Roman-German King . and names him as the official guardian of the young Ladislaus.




Moctezuma in Codex Mendoza from the 16th century

science and technology



Coat of arms of the Gilles de Rais

In one of the most widely noticed trials of the 15th century, the French nobleman and war hero Gilles de Rais , one of the first known serial killers in history, is found guilty of heresy and executed by hanging on October 26th with two accomplices.


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1440


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1440

Web links

Commons : 1440  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files