Calendar overview 1370
|Ludwig I becomes king of Hungary , Croatia and Poland .||
Construction of the Bastille begins in Paris .
|1370 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||818/819 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th house - Chicome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 6th Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1913/14 (southern Buddhism); 1912/13 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||732/733 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||771/772 (turn of the year 25/26 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5130/31 (September 20/21)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1680/81 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1681/82 (turn of the year October)
|Bikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1426/27|
Politics and world events
- February 17th : The Teutonic Order defeats Lithuania in the Battle of Rudau . The Order's armed forces repulsed the invaded Lithuanians and their auxiliaries with heavy losses . According to the legend, a Königsberg shoemaker named Hans Sagan rushed to the side of the falling standard bearer of the order marshal Henning Schindekopf in order to hold up the order banner until victory.
- November 5 : In Poland , Kasimir III dies with the death . the Piasts in the royal line, the Polish crown goes with Ludwig I to the house of Capet-Anjou from Hungary .
Waldemark War / Peace of Stralsund
- May 24th : The Peace of Stralsund ends the Second Waldemark War between King Waldemar IV of Denmark and the German Hanseatic cities on the Baltic Sea. The negotiators are the mayors of Stralsund and Lübeck, Bertram Wulflam and Jakob Pleskow , as well as the Danish Drost Henning Podebusk . Since the Hanseatic cities are not looking for territorial gains, but mainly advantages for trade, they leave the conquered areas in Skåne to Denmark and secure their former privileges again. You get the fortresses Helsingborg , Malmö , Skanør and Falsterbo for 15 years, to be redeemed for 12,000 marks of pure silver. This means that customs on Øresund come from Denmark to the Hanseatic League. In addition, the Danish Imperial Council may not elect a king in future without the prior consent of the Hanseatic League. The peace is concluded without Duke Albrecht II of Mecklenburg , so that he feels ignored and concludes his own separate peace.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- October 7th : The six Swiss towns of Zurich , Lucerne , Zug , Uri , Schwyz and Unterwalden sign a contract, the so-called Pfaffenbrief . He stipulates that secular and spiritual persons in the area of the contracting parties owe obedience to the local authorities. A feud ban is also issued.
- November 13th : Friedrich III. von Saar Werden is confirmed as Archbishop and Elector of Cologne after two years of vacancy .
- December 6th : After the death of Rudolf II , his brother Wenzel becomes Elector of Saxony-Wittenberg .
- After Prince Wilhelm II of Lüneburg died last year without male descendants, the older house in Lüneburg went out . According to the Guelph house laws, the Brunswick Duke Magnus II. Torquatus would be entitled to inheritance. However, Emperor Karl IV considers the imperial fiefdom to have reverted to the Reich and enfeoffs Albrecht von Sachsen-Wittenberg and his uncle Wenzel with the principality, which triggers the War of the Lüneburg Succession .
- April 22nd : Construction of the Bastille in Paris begins.
- September 19 : Edward of Woodstock , the Black Prince , punishes the reluctant city of Limoges in the Duchy of Guyenne , which has come under his rule . He and his people pillaged the city for six days, killing about 300 residents.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- August 14 : Emperor Charles IV. Granted Carlsbad , the town charter .
- First documented mention of Cunter , Hülschotten , Illgau and Lenk .
- around 1370: Rhens receives city rights.
Religion and culture
- September 2nd : After three years in Rome, Pope Urban V embarks again from Corneto under pressure from the French cardinals for Avignon , where he arrives on September 24th .
- December 30th : Following the death of Urban V on December 19th in Avignon , Pierre Roger de Beaufort is unanimously elected Pope by the conclave . The nephew of Pope Clement VI. takes the name Gregory XI. on. Only after his election does he become a priest and receive episcopal ordination. He is the last Pope to reside in France .
- The Counts of Württemberg became bailiffs of the Benedictine Abbey of Ellwangen .
- First mention of the Nuremberg Council Library , the oldest municipal library in the German-speaking area
- around 1370: Philip the Bold's book of hours is created.
- January 1st : Duke Louis II. De Bourbon founds the Order of the Thistle in France on the occasion of his marriage .
Date of birth saved
- April 11 : Friedrich I , Elector of Saxony († 1428 )
- June 22nd : Johann (Görlitz) , Duke of Görlitz († 1396 )
- July 23 : Pietro Paolo Vergerio , Italian humanist, physician, lawyer and statesman († 1444 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Rinaldo degli Albizzi , Florentine patrician († 1442 )
- Giles Daubeney , English knight and politician († 1403 )
- Johannes von Dinkelsbühl , Rector at the University of Vienna († 1465 )
- Engelbert I , Count of Nassau-Dillenburg († 1442 )
- Erich I. , Count of Hoya († 1426 )
- Gattamelata , Italian condottiere († 1443 )
- Heinrich the Elder of Plauen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order († 1429 )
- Jacques II. De Bourbon , Count of La Marche and Count of Castres († 1438 )
- John VII , Emperor of Byzantium († 1408 )
- Muhammad VII , Emir of Granada († 1408 )
- Johann von Quitzow , robber baron († 1437 )
- Angelo Tartaglia , Italian condottiere († 1421 )
Born around 1370
- Lorenz von Brösau , Czech writer and chronicler († around 1432 )
- Edward Charlton , Welsh Marcher Lord († 1421 )
- Archibald Douglas , Scottish nobleman († 1424 )
- Jan Hus , Czech reformer († 1415 )
- Isabeau , Queen of France († 1435 )
- Conrad IX. von Weinsberg, Imperial Treasurer († 1448 )
- John Lydgate , English monk and poet († around 1451 )
- Ital Reding the Elder , Swiss Army († 1447 )
- Conrad von Soest , German painter († 1425 )
- January 17th : Adolf I , Count of Nassau (* around 1307 )
- February 17th : Henning Schindekopf , Marshal of the Teutonic Order (* around 1330 )
- October 13 : Adolf VIII. , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Count of Schauenburg
- November 5th : Casimir III. the Great , King of Poland (* 1310 )
- December 6 : Rudolf II , Elector of Saxony-Wittenberg (* 1307 )
- December 19 : Urban V , French Pope (* 1310 )