in favor of France in the Hundred Years War .
|Joan of Arc succeeds in breaking the English siege of Orléans .||Cimburgis of Mazovia , Duchess of Austria and mother of Frederick III. , dies.|
|1429 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||877/878 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 13th pipes - Matlactli omey Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1972/73 (southern Buddhism); 1971/72 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||791/792 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||832/833 (turn of the year 29/30 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5189/90 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1739/40 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1740/41 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1485/86 (turn of the year April)|
The year 1429 marks the turning point in favor of France in the Hundred Years War . The charismatic warrior Jeanne d'Arc succeeds in breaking the English siege of Orléans , relieving the city and in several subsequent battles repulsing the English troops to the north. In the summer, Charles VII is crowned King of France in Reims .
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War
- February 12 : In the battle of the herrings during the siege of Orléans in the Hundred Years War , English troops under John Fastolf win over a joint French - Scottish army under the command of Charles I. de Bourbon , which tries to supply an English supply of herrings for the To intercept the siege ring of Orléans .
- April 29th : Contrary to expectations, Jeanne d'Arc , coming from Chinon, succeeds in breaking through the English siege of Orléans accompanied by her brothers Jean and Pierre with a supply troop. Your initial efforts to persuade the British to withdraw with messages are ridiculed by both commanders.
- On May 4th, the only English bastion, Saint-Loup, on the east side of the city, was taken by the French, the first French success in several months. After a one-day break on Ascension Day, the fighting resumed on May 6th , with the result that the English had to retreat to the fortress of Les Tourelles , abandoning the other fortresses south of the Loire.
- May 7th : The French storm Les Tourelles . Joan of Arc is wounded by an arrow.
- May 8th : The English give up the siege of Orléans after seven months, which marks a turning point in the Hundred Years War. Your military leader William Glasdale drowned in his armor the day before when a bridge that caught in flames collapsed.
- June 12 : After the attacking French had been routed by the English defenders the day before in the Hundred Years War, those who returned succeed in the second attack in the battle of Jargeau . The French, brought in by Jeanne d'Arc and Duke Jean II. De Alençon , then control the strategically important bridge at Jargeau over the Loire .
- June 15 : The Battle of Meung-sur-Loire brings another victory for the French led by Joan of Arc.
- June 17th : After the two-day battle of Beaugency against an English occupation, the French gain control of another crossing over the Loire .
- June 18 : The Battle of Patay wins the Hundred Years' War under the decisive influence of Joan of Arc, the French armed forces against the English troops under Sir John Fastolf and John Talbot . The English are pushed north in the battle for Orléans .
- July 17th : Charles VII is crowned King of France in Reims .
- November 6th : Henry VI. At the age of eight, he was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey .
- May 4 to 8 : In the sea battle at Dänholm in the Danish-Hanseatic War , the Danish-Swedish fleet suffers another defeat.
Holy Roman Empire
- April 26 : In the Pressburg arbitration award , the Roman-German King Sigismund orders the distribution of the former Duchy of Straubing-Holland to the dukes of the other Bavarian duchies of Bavaria-Munich , Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Ingolstadt .
- August: An army of the Hussites besieges the city of Dresden , which cannot be taken. However, Altendresden , the Elbe Sorbian village around the Frauenkirche and numerous other villages in the area are cremated.
- October 12 : An army of 4,000 Hussites appears in front of the city of Bautzen during the Hussite Wars and demands the surrender of the place. When this is refused, the first siege of Bautzen begins . The death of the general, hit by two arrows, led to the withdrawal of the Hussites after three days.
First documentary mentions
Asia Minor / Mediterranean
- From the Genoese colony of Kaffa in the Crimea , where he was in exile after an attempted coup, John, the son of Alexios IV , the Emperor and Grand Comn of Trebizond , returns to Trebizond with a galley manned by mercenaries. With the help of some Trapezuntian aristocrats who defected to him, he had his father murdered in his sleep, who went to meet him with loyal troops after landing. His brother Alexander, who has meanwhile been appointed heir to the throne, cannot oppose the Genoese and flees, so that at the end of October John is proclaimed John IV as the new Emperor of Trebizond. One of his first official acts is to punish his father's murderers, whom he gives a solemn burial.
- A Moorish fleet tries in vain to conquer Malta .
- Autumn: After the death of his father Isaac, Andreas becomes Negus negest of Ethiopia from the Solomon dynasty for only six months .
- King Shō Hashi of the united kingdom of Chūzan / Hokuzan on the island of Okinawa conquered the neighboring Nanzan and founds the kingdom of Ryūkyū . This ends the Sanzan period on the Ryūkyū Islands .
- King Erik VII of Denmark introduces the sound tariff . From now on, all non-Danish ships that the Öresund are crossed in Elsinore a ship duty payable.
Date of birth saved
- May 7 : Giovanni Pontano , Italian scholar, humanist († 1503 )
- October 1 : Andreas Proles , German theologian († 1503 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Peter of Aragón , Portuguese politician and military († 1466 )
- Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh , English nobleman († 1472 )
- Niccolò Perotti , Italian humanist and poet († 1480 )
- Ludovico Podocathor , Archbishop of Benevento († 1504 )
Born around 1429
- Gentile Bellini , Venetian painter and medalist († 1507 )
- George Douglas , Scottish nobleman, 4th Earl of Angus († 1462 )
- Thomas Neville , English knight († 1460 )
- Johann von Pfalz-Simmern , German Bishop of Münster, Archbishop of Magdeburg († 1475 )
- Guiniforte Solari , Italian architect and sculptor († 1481 )
Date of death secured
- February 8 : Eberhard IV. Von Starhemberg , German Archbishop of Salzburg (* around 1370 )
- May 7th : Friedrich Theis von Thesingen , German bishop of Lavant and von Chiemsee (* around 1365 )
- June 3 : Johann II von Heideck , German prince-bishop of Eichstätt
- June 15 : Paul of Venice , Italian philosopher and theologian (* around 1369 / 72 )
- June 22nd : Jamschid Masʿud al-Kaschi , Persian doctor, mathematician and astronomer (* around 1380 )
- July 2 : Philip I , German nobleman, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (* around 1368 )
- 4th July : Carlo I. Tocco , Italian Count Palatine of Kefalonia, Despot of Epirus (* around 1370 )
- July 12th : Jean Gerson , French theologian, mystic and chancellor of the Paris Sorbonne (* 1363 )
- August 9 : Jakob von Mies , Czech priest and writer (* around 1372 )
- September 28 : Cymburgis of Masovia , Duchess of Austria (* around 1394 / 97 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Alexios IV , Emperor of Trebizond (* 1382 )
- Boček III. from Podebrady , Bohemian-Moravian nobleman
- Giovanni di Bicci de 'Medici , Florentine merchant and banker (* 1360 )
- Heinrich the Elder of Plauen , 27th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* 1370 )
- Isaac , Emperor of Ethiopia
- Phommathat , fourth king of Lan Xang