expansion policy of the Teutonic Order
ends with the defeat against the Poles and Lithuanians
in the Battle of Tannenberg in Masuria .
Jobst of Moravia becomes the
Roman-German king .
, Hamburg receives
its first constitution .
|1410 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||858/859 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8th house - Chicuei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 7th Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1953/54 (southern Buddhism); 1952/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||772/773 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||812/813 (turn of the year May 5th / 6th)|
|Jewish calendar||5170/71 (29/30 August)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1720/21 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1721/22 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1466/67 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Lithuanian Wars of the Teutonic Order
The defeat of the German army on July 15 against the Poles and Lithuanians in the Battle of Tannenberg in Masuria , in which Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen , Grand Commander Kuno von Lichtenstein and Supreme Marshal Friedrich von Wallenrode fell, marked the temporary end of German expansion to the east. After the defeat succeeds the Teutonic Order under Ulrich's successor Heinrich von Plauen , the Marienburg to defend against a Polish-Lithuanian army, which after nearly two months of fruitless siege on September 19 withdraws. Within 14 days, the order's army succeeds in reoccupying almost the entire territory of the order and quickly recapturing the castles taken by Poles and Lithuanians. On November 9 Heinrich von Plauen is the Grand Master elected.
Holy Roman Empire
- May 18 : After the death of King Ruprecht of the Wittelsbach family, three members of the Luxembourg family strive for the Roman-German royal crown:
- September 20 : Three electors vote for Sigismund as German king. On October 1st, Jobst of Moravia was elected Roman-German King with four votes . He receives the decisive vote from the Bohemian King Wenceslaus , Sigismund's older brother.
Further events in the empire
- August 10 : The first recess , which is distributed to every Hamburg parish, is considered to be Hamburg's first constitution .
- October 3 : According to Ruprecht's will, the Palatinate County near Rhine is divided up among his four sons. The oldest surviving son Ludwig III. receives the Electoral Palatinate , Johann establishes the Palatinate-Neumarkt line and in the same year makes Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate the Palatinate residence city , Stefan , who married Anna von Veldenz in June , becomes Duke of Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken with the Simmern residences and Palatinate -Mosbach goes to the youngest son Otto I , who moves his residence to Mosbach .
- April 15 : Charles de Valois, duc d'Orléans , son of Louis de Valois, duc d'Orléans , who was murdered in 1407 by Duke Johann of Burgundy without fear , marries Bonne, the eleven-year-old daughter of Count Bernard VII of Armagnac . Charles and Bernard form a league at the wedding that soon becomes known as the Armagnacs and is directed against Johann's followers, the Bourguignons . Count Bernard recruited soldiers in the south of France who soon devastated the area around Paris, advancing to the Faubourg Saint-Marcel in the southeast of the city.
- November 2 : The Treaty of Bicêtre , signed in the house of Jean de Valois, duc de Berry , aims to bring peace to the Armagnacs and Bourguignons in the French civil war . However, the agreement is just as neglected as the Chartres contract from the previous year.
Sicily / Iberian Peninsula
- May 31 : The death of Martin I , who leaves no heirs, leads to disputes for the throne over Aragon and Sicily , which lasted until 1412 .
- September 16 : As part of the Reconquista , the army of the pretender to the throne Ferdinand I of Aragón conquers the Andalusian city of Antequera , called Medina Antaquira by the Moors .
- March 9 : The bull of antipope Alexander V is known in Prague , which calls for the delivery of the writings of John Wyclif and the revocation of his teachings. Jan Hus is not impressed by this and continues to preach in the Bethlehem Chapel about church grievances.
- May 14th : Occidental schism : After the death of antipope Alexander V , Baldassare Cossa is elected as his successor. He calls himself John XXIII. and will be ordained a priest on May 24th . The next day he was made a bishop and crowned pope on the same day. Its papal seat is initially Bologna.
Date of birth saved
- July 14th : Arnold von Egmond , Duke of Geldern († 1473 )
- August 1 : Johann IV. , Count of Nassau-Dillenburg († 1475 )
- October 14 : Jacques Juvénal des Ursins , French Archbishop of Reims († 1457 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- John Clinton, 5th Baron Clinton , English nobleman († 1464 )
- Lekë Dukagjini , Albanian prince († 1481 )
- Nikolaus Eseler the Elder , German builder († 1483 )
- Zdenko von Sternberg auf Konopischt , Bohemian nobleman, diplomat and politician from the Sternberg family († 1476 )
Born around 1410
- 1409/1410 : Thomas Palaiologos , Byzantine prince, despot of Morea and prince of Achaia († 1465 )
- 1410/ 1411 : Heinrich Steinhowel , early humanist German translator and writer († 1482 or 1483)
- Gomes Eanes de Azurara , Portuguese historian († 1474 )
- Wildhans von Breitenlandenberg , Swiss nobleman and captain of Greifensee († 1444 )
- Everard Digby , English squire († 1461 )
- Ludwig von Erlichshausen , 31st Grand Master of the Teutonic Order († 1467 )
- Martin Le Franc , French author and cleric († 1461 )
- Johann von Goch , German theologian and church reformer († 1475 )
- Johannes von Köln , master builder of the Gothic († 1481 )
- Thomas Vaughan , Welsh politician, courtier, military man and diplomat († 1483 )
- Domenico Veneziano , Italian painter († 1461 )
First half of the year
- March 5 : Matthew of Kraków , Rector of the University of Heidelberg, Bishop of Worms (* around 1335 / 40 )
- March 14 : Spinello Aretino , Italian painter (* 1346 )
- March 16 : John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset , English aristocrat (* around 1371 / 73 )
- March 26 : Matěj z Knína , Czech representative of the Hussites
- April 26th : Johann Münch von Landskron , Bishop of Constance
- May 3 : Pietro Philargi of Candia, under the name of Alexander V. Antipope in Pisa (* 1340 )
- May 18 : Ruprecht , Roman-German King as well as Count Palatine and Elector Palatinate (* 1352 )
- May 31 : Martin I , King of Aragón (* 1356 )
- June 13 : Bolko III. , Duke of Munsterberg
Second half of the year
- July 15 : Ulrich von Jungingen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* 1360 )
- July 15 : Kuno von Lichtenstein , Grand Commander of the Teutonic Order (* 1360 )
- July 15 : Friedrich von Wallenrode , Commander and Supreme Marshal of the Teutonic Order
- July 28 : Johanna Sophie , youngest daughter of Duke Albrecht I of Straubing-Holland (* 1377 )
- August 16 : Francesco Datini , Tuscan wholesaler, leaves behind largest dealer archive of the Middle Ages (* 1335 )
- August 19 : Louis II. De Bourbon , Duke of Bourbon (* 1337 )
- September 28 : Johann Sokol von Lamberg , Moravian military leader in the battle of Tannenberg (* around 1355 )
- October 16 : Giovanni Migliorati , Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- before October 22nd: Hermann Stakkelwege , German priest and official in Cologne
Exact date of death unknown
- John Badby , English martyr
- Erwin Hartrad , German Mayor of Frankfurt am Main
- Przemislaus I , Duke of Teschen
- Simon III , Sovereign of the rule Lippe
- Berthold von Wehingen , Bishop of Freising (* around 1345 )
- Zhang Yuchu , Chinese patriarch and 43rd heavenly master of Zhengyi Daoism (* 1361 )