Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate

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Coat of arms of the city of Neumarkt idOPf.
Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate
Map of Germany, position of the city of Neumarkt idOPf.  highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 17 '  N , 11 ° 28'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Palatinate
County : Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate
Height : 424 m above sea level NHN
Area : 79.01 km 2
Residents: 40,277 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 510 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 92318
Area code : 09181
License plate : NM, PAR
Community key : 09 3 73 147
City structure: 45 districts or city ​​districts

City administration address :
Rathausplatz 1
92318 Neumarkt idOPf.
Website :
Lord Mayor : Thomas Thumann ( Free Voters )
Location of the city of Neumarkt idOPf. in the district of Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate
Pilsach Velburg Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Seubersdorf in der Oberpfalz Sengenthal Pyrbaum Postbauer-Heng Parsberg Mühlhausen (Oberpfalz) Lupburg Lauterhofen Hohenfels (Oberpfalz) Freystadt Dietfurt an der Altmühl Deining Breitenbrunn (Oberpfalz) Berngau Berg bei Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Berching Nürnberg Nürnberg Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Roth Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Eichstättmap
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Old town with St. Johannes, town hall and castle district
City logo since 2011

Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz (officially: Neumarkt idOPf. , Bavarian : Neimack , Neimoarkt ) is a large district town in the district of the same name in the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Palatinate and the administrative seat of the district. It is the seat of various companies and represents the economic and cultural center of the western Upper Palatinate between Nuremberg , Ingolstadt and Regensburg . With 40,277 inhabitants, Neumarkt is the fourth largest city in the Upper Palatinate after Regensburg, Weiden and Amberg and is registered as a regional center in the Bavarian state development program .

In the 15th and 16th centuries Neumarkt was a residential city of the Wittelsbach lines Pfalz-Neumarkt and Pfalz-Mosbach . From the 19th century the city increasingly developed into a business and industrial location, several larger companies have their headquarters here today. Landmarks of the city are the striking church towers in the old town and the Wolfstein castle ruins , which are located on a ridge above the city. In 1998 the Bavarian State Garden Show took place in Neumarkt .


The Neumarkt basin with Buchberg and Staufer Berg

Geographical location

Neumarkt is located on the western edge of the Franconian Alb and the Upper Palatinate Jura , embedded in a valley basin. The urban area extends in the east to the plateau of the Upper Palatinate Jura, otherwise it is limited by the witness mountains Dillberg , Staufer Berg and Buchberg . The Neumarkt basin drains to the north via the Schwarzach and Regnitz into the Main , to the south via Sulz and Altmühl into the Danube . The Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal crosses the city in a north-south direction and there overcomes the European watershed . The altitude varies between 406 meters at the Beckenmühle in the north and 595 meters near the Fuchsberg district, the height of the town hall is given as 423 meters above sea level as a guide .

The following municipalities, which all belong to the Neumarkt district , border the large district town. They are named starting clockwise in the north: Berg bei Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , Pilsach , Velburg , Deining , Sengenthal , Berngau and Postbauer-Heng .


Neumarkt is located on the western edge of a former coral reef of the former Tethys of the Jurassic period (today's Upper Palatinate Jura). The soil in the valley basin is predominantly sandy (hence the earlier name "Neumarkt auf dem Sand"), with isolated deposits of clay at the edge . The mountains and the Jura plateau consist of harder Jura limestone from which several sources arise, for example the Weisse Laber in the Voggenthal district.

Urban structure and land use

Districts of Kohlenbrunnermühle and Altenhof

Neumarkt idOPf. has 45 officially named municipal parts:

Area and land use
surface 7901 ha
Settlement and traffic areas 24.3%
Agricultural area 39.6%
Forest area 34.9%

The urban area of ​​Neumarkt consists of the actual core city of Neumarkt as well as several villages and remote farms. The large district town is made up of ten districts , which represent areas of the formerly independent communities.

District Area in hectares
Helena 01125
Holzheim 00473
Labersricht 00549
Lippertshofen 00549
Mills 00748
District Area in hectares
Neumarkt idOPf. 01461
Pelchenhofen 00715
Polling 01057
Stauf 00575
Woffenbach 00644

City of Neumarkt

Old town: Castle district with Palatine Palace, Court Church and Reitstadel

The core of the urban area is the old town in its still recognizable outlines. It is divided into the historic quarters of Schlossviertel, Kastenviertel, Johannesviertel and Kreuzviertel, which are separated by the axes Marktstraße and Hallertorstraße / Klostergasse. From 1850 the first housing estates were built outside the city wall to the east, along today's Mühlstraße, Mariahilfstraße and Badstraße. In the south the industrial area south developed from 1920. After 1945 the city was also expanded to the west and north and grew together with the communities of Woffenbach and Holzheim. Numerous other settlement areas arose around the center, clockwise from north to south these are: Altenhof, Koppenmühle, Kohlenbrunnermühle, Mühlen, Wolfstein, Weinberg, Schlosserhügel and Hasenheide.

Geographically, the closed urban area is bounded by the Berliner Ring or Munich Ring bypass in the north, west and south and by the Alb eaves of the Upper Palatinate Jura in the east (Mariahilfberg, Wolfsteinberg).

Former parishes

As a result of the regional reform on July 1, 1972, the previously independent municipalities of Helena, Holzheim, Labersricht, Lippertshofen, Mühlen, Pelchenhofen and Pölling as well as parts of the dissolved municipalities of Stauf and Woffenbach were incorporated and the urban area was thus considerably expanded.

In the north are the districts of Ischhofen and Rödelberg, which formed the former municipality of Mühlen , as well as the formerly independent Labersricht. The two municipalities of Pölling and Woffenbach as well as Rittershof, which are also incorporated, are the westernmost parts of the city, followed by the former municipality of Holzheim in the northeast . In the southwest, Stauf , the capital of the former municipality, belongs to the city.

On the Jura plateau of the Franconian Alb in the east are the districts of Frickenhofen, Fuchsberg, Höhenberg, Höhenberg im Tal, Lampertshofen, Lippertshofen , Ottosau, Pelchenhofen , St. Helena and Voggenthal, which are still villages.

There are also various mills and solitary farms in the city, for example Tiefenbrunn, Bodenmühle and Habershöhe.

Building distribution

Building stock on December 31, 2007
Residential buildings per 1000 inhabitants 243.0
Share of buildings with 1 apartment 72.3%
Share of buildings with 2 apartments 17.6%
Proportion of buildings with 3 or more apartments 10.2%
Average inhabitants per apartment 2.2
Average Living space per inhabitant 95.1 m²



Population distribution on December 31, 2014
Residents with main residence 39,011
Residents with secondary residence 2,241
Total population 41,318
of which male 48.4%
of which female 51.6%
Population per km² 523
Share under 6 years in% 4.8
Proportion 6 to under 15 years in% 7.6
Proportion 15 to under 18 years in% 3.3
Proportion 18 to under 25 years in% 8.0
Share of 25 to under 30 years in% 5.9
Share of 30 to under 40 years in% 11.4
Proportion 40 to under 50 years in% 14.8
Proportion 50 to under 65 years in% 23.0
Share 65 or more years in% 21.2
Births / deaths 2014
Live births per 1000 inhabitants 8.6
Deaths per 1000 inhabitants 10.8


Population development

Since the 19th century, the population has mostly increased and is currently (2018) at 40,147. The number of inhabitants stagnated from 2000 to 2005 and has since declined in the birth statistics and has even increased slightly again recently.

The population of Neumarkt, however, is clearly outdated. While the most populous group is the 37 to 47 year olds on average, here it is the over 60 to 70 year olds. About a third (32%) of the population is over 60 years old. As a result, Neumarkt achieved a population distribution in 2014 that is forecast as the national average for 2032.

Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew from 33,603 to 40,002 by 6,399 inhabitants or 19%.

Area of ​​the then city

Population development of Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate from 1840 to 2017. Red: former territorial status, blue: current territorial status
was standing Residents
1840 4,200
1855 3.810
1871 4,513
1880 5,071
1900 6,041
was standing Residents
1910 6,375
1925 7,766
1939 10,555
1961 20,320
1970 24,765

Today's area of ​​the city

was standing Residents
1961 22,320
1970 27,395
1972 28,735
1980 30,477
1991 36,564
1995 38,623
2000 40,977
was standing Residents
2005 40,957
2010 39.163
2011 ¹ 38,362
2015 39,333
2016 39,637
2017 39.902
2018 40.147

¹ 2011 census


Due to its location in Central Europe, Neumarkt is in the cool, temperate climate zone . The city lies in the transition area between the humid Atlantic and the dry continental climate .

Average temperature and precipitation values
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2 4th 9 14th 19th 22nd 24 24 19th 14th 7th 3 O 13.5
Min. Temperature (° C) −2 −1 1 4th 8th 11 13 13 10 6th 2 −1 O 5.4
Precipitation ( mm ) 29.5 27.5 35.0 30.0 33.7 50.8 56.7 40 37.5 41.3 37.4 35.5 Σ 454.9
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


→ Main article History of the city of Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate

Friedrich II of the Palatinate
Neumarkt around 1644 (Merian)
Internment camp Wolfstein 1943

Traces of an initial settlement can be traced back to the Neolithic Age , there are numerous burial mounds and several Celtic ramparts around Neumarkt. The first local founding by the Bavarians is believed to have been in the 6th and 7th centuries, for example the current district of Pölling.

The exact founding dates of Neumarkt are not known, but the establishment as "new market" is assumed for the beginning of the 12th century on the trade route between Nuremberg and Regensburg. The city was first mentioned in documents in 1135 and 1160, and in 1315 a city fortification was reported for the first time. In the 13th century, Emperor Friedrich II granted freedom from customs duties between Neumarkt and Nuremberg and the city, thereby also allowing imperial immediacy . However, the city was never able to enforce this status, in 1329 the city fell to the Palatinate Wittelsbachers through the house contract of Pavia .

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Neumarkt was the Palatinate seat of residence and until 1531, when Emperor Charles V transferred it to the Count Palatine as hereditary property, it was a Free Imperial City . Count Palatine Johann moved his seat of government there and began to develop the city into a residence. Among other things, the Church of St. John , the Court Church and the Palatine Palace were built . This was followed by Count Palatine Otto I , his son Otto II and Friedrich II of the Palatinate , who later became elector and moved to Heidelberg .

After the Count Palatinate, Neumarkt lost its importance. In political and economic life, the city only played a role for the region, growth almost came to a standstill. Only in the middle of the 19th century did an upswing become noticeable. There have been no significant events in 300 years. During the Thirty Years War , Neumarkt was occupied by Swedish troops from 1633 to 1635 and from 1646 to 1649 , who looted and partially destroyed the city.

During the coalition wars, there was a dramatic encounter between French and Austrian troops in the summer of 1796, when the French barricaded themselves in the city and the Austrians threatened to destroy it completely. In this context, there is the legend of the rescuing of the city of Neumarkt by the Neumarkt blacksmith Veit Jung , who opened the Upper Gate on his own initiative in order to prevent worse.

It is true that Veit Jung actually lived; however, the first reports of his rescue of Neumarkt were only written down 47 years after his death, so that the truth of the Neumarkt rescue by Veit Jung can no longer be verified.

When Bavaria became a kingdom under Napoléon I from 1806 , Neumarkt received the status of a royal Bavarian city and became the seat of a regional court .

In the 19th century, Neumarkt gradually transformed into an industrial location. From 1830, several thousand people worked in the Neumarkt area on the construction of the Ludwig Canal, and when it was completed in 1846, Neumarkt became a port city. In 1884, the Express works was the first bicycle factory in continental Europe.

The economic and political effects of the First World War were soon felt in Neumarkt as well. Over 300 Neumarkters died in the war.

In the 1920s, the city administration tried very hard to establish new industries. In 1921 the former parade ground was sold to the wood wholesaler Pfleiderer from Heilbronn, which later relocated its headquarters to Neumarkt as Pfleiderer . In 1922 the Eberhard Faber pencil factory founded a factory on today's EFA-Straße.

In September 1923 a first local group of the NSDAP was founded in Neumarkt , which appeared publicly on the German Day on September 23rd. The departure of active partisans from Neumarkt, however, meant that the National Socialist movement soon disintegrated. It was not until 1928 that the party was re-established.

From 1933 the NSDAP also took over power in Neumarkt. As the birthplace of Dietrich Eckart , it had the official name affix "Dietrich-Eckart-Stadt". In 1942 the National Socialists set up an internment camp for the numerous forced laborers in industry in what is now Wolfstein. As in the rest of the Reich, extensive persecution of Jews took place there, the synagogue on Hallertorstrasse was destroyed in November 1938. Neumarkt became “ free of Jews ” on Good Friday 1942 when the last 15 Jews were taken to concentration camps . Shortly before the end of the war, Neumarkt was largely destroyed by two air raids on February 23, 1945 ( Operation Clarion ) and on April 11, 1945. Attempts by the population to hand over the city to the American troops without a fight failed because of the SS troops stationed in Neumarkt , which were also reinforced by a Hungarian SS division. Only when the resistance of the SS was broken on April 22, 1945 after a house-to-house battle, the American troops were able to take the city.

The reconstruction following the Second World War led to a predominance of the typical architecture in the cityscape. However, it was possible to preserve the historical character of the old town. As part of the regional reform of 1972 , the independent city of Neumarkt was incorporated into the Neumarkt district on June 1 and declared a major district town . The redevelopment of the old town, which began in 1990, revitalized the cityscape considerably; the Rathausplatz and Klostergasse were converted into a pedestrian zone . In 1997 the former slaughterhouse was demolished to make way for the Jura-Galerie, a modern shopping center. The project was controversial from the start, and a referendum in 2000 initially stopped the project. Max Bögl GmbH later acquired the site and began planning new areas for a new city quarter. On September 17, 2015, a new shopping and service center was opened under the name “ NeuerMarkt ”. In 1998 the 8th Bavarian State Horticultural Show took place in Neumarkt from April 24th to October 4th . The contract was only awarded in 1995, after Landshut had resigned for financial reasons. The much-discussed Lothar Fischer Museum was opened in July 2004, followed by the Museum of Historic Maybach Vehicles in 2009 .


St. John's Church in the old town
Court Church
Evangelical Christ Church
Pilgrimage Church of Maria-Hilf

As in the entire Upper Palatinate, the majority of the population in Neumarkt is Roman Catholic, the proportion is around 66.4 percent. 16.4 percent of the Neumarkt population are members of the Protestant Church. 17.2 percent are either non-denominational or belong to another religion.


The Catholic deanery Neumarkt belongs to the diocese of Eichstätt , the Protestant deanery Neumarkt belongs to the church district of Regensburg, which in turn is part of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church in Bavaria.

Roman Catholic Church

The first Catholic parishes were today's parishes of St. John and Our Lady . The St. Johannes Minster, in the place of which there was a previous church around 1200, is the parish church of the oldest parish in the city. With almost 13,800 Catholics, the parish is the largest in the Eichstätt diocese. It includes the churches of St. Helena in the district of the same name, St. Anna am Klinikum, St. Pius in the Hasenheide district and the pilgrimage church Maria Hilf on the Mariahilfberg as well as the monastery of St. Josef and the small clinic chapel under canon law. To Our Lady was built from 1410, the new church initially served as the court church for the neighboring Palatinate Palace. Today around 10,100 Catholics belong to it. The parish church Heilig Kreuz is the main church of the parish of the same name with around 3,100 Catholics in the districts of Mühlen, Labersricht and Wolfstein. The parish of St. Egidius, which has the same pastor as Heilig Kreuz, includes Pelchenhofen as well as the church in Lampertshofen and the chapels in Steinberg, Lippertshofen and Voggenthal. There are other Catholic parishes in the outer parts of the city: In Pölling there is the parish of St. Martin with the church of St. Martin, to which the churches and chapels in Holzheim and Rittershof also belong. It has about 3400 Catholics. The church of St. Willibald in Woffenbach is the center of the parish of Woffenbach with around 2900 Catholics, to which the church of St. Walburga in Stauf also belongs. The Protestant castle chapel is also located at the former castle in Woffenbach.

Evangelical Lutheran Church

When Martin Luther's teachings spread to the Catholic Upper Palatinate at the beginning of the 16th century , the Evangelical Church was increasingly favored here too and the Reformation was introduced under Count Palatine Friedrich II . The next 100 years were characterized by a constant change in religious teachings, depending on whether the Count Palatine was a Lutheran or a Calvinist . In 1628 Neumarkt came to the Electorate of Bavaria and was re-Catholicized, initially only for a short time, as Swedish troops occupied Neumarkt from 1633 to 1635 and from 1646 to 1649 and protected the Protestants. Only then did Neumarkt finally become Catholic. In 1655 the last Protestants had to leave the city.

The main Protestant church is the Christ Church on Kapuzinerstraße. It was the monastery church of the former Capuchin monastery, which existed until the secularization of 1803. When in the middle of the 19th century a Protestant congregation was established again in Neumarkt, the Capuchin Church was left to them. Other Protestant communities exist in the districts of Wolfstein, Altenhof and Hasenheide.


In the Badstrasse in the former Kurhaus Wildbad is now the St. Josef Monastery , which belongs to the order of the Niederbronn Sisters and was the Provincial Mother House until 2005.

In addition to the pilgrimage church on the Mariahilfberg, there was a monastery of the Order of the Discalced Carmelites from 1907 to 2001 . Polish Redemptorist Fathers worked there from 2004 to 2016 . In late summer 2016, they were replaced by members of the Argentine Order Institute of the Word Incarnate.

The building of the former Capuchin monastery , which existed from around 1650 to 1802 , is still adjacent to the Christ Church . Today the dean's center and the parish administration are housed in the listed buildings.

The Heilig Geist monastery was roughly on the site of today's clinic and also took care of the sick in the Middle Ages.


A Jewish community also existed in Neumarkt by the 13th century at the latest . In the course of the rint meat pogrom , which reached the northern Upper Palatinate on July 27, 1298, more than 66 Jews were killed in Neumarkt. This is the first evidence of the existence of Jews in Neumarkt. The plague pogrom of 1348/49 also claimed victims. The synagogue, which became the property of the electors at the time was on 27 April 1362 by Elector I. Ruprecht returned. However, as early as 1391, all Jews from the Electoral Palatinate were expelled from the country.

After the division of the Electoral Palatinate in 1410, Johann became ruler of the Palatinate Principality of Palatinate-Neumarkt . He assured the Jews safe conduct for four years. This marked the beginning of a period marked by a certain benevolence towards Jews. This time ended with the death of Count Palatine Otto II in 1499 and the relapse of his inheritance to the Kurlinie. The Neumarkt Jews had to leave the city and were finally expelled from all areas of the Palatinate from 1556 to 1577. Some of the Jews expelled from Neumarkt were taken in by the barons of Wolfstein in Sulzbürg .

Since then, Jews have only come to Neumarkt as traders. On May 13, 1661, the city council forbade sheltering Jews overnight. In 1712 the government of the Electorate of the Palatinate in Amberg reaffirmed the ban on the permanent settlement of Jews. On May 9, 1755, the ban on accommodating Jews was relaxed a little so that they could take quarters for at least one night.

Only in the second half of the 19th century could Jews settle in Neumarkt again. Twelve families had moved to Neumarkt by 1867, eleven of them from Sulzbürg. In that year it was decided to found a religious community. The community joined the Sulzbuerg rabbinate and finally received its first board on March 28, 1868.

In 1868 a property with an area of ​​around 170 m² in Hafnergasse 10 (today: Hallertorstrasse 9a) was acquired and then rebuilt and expanded. The building now housed the synagogue , the mikveh , an apartment for the prayer leader and, from 1872, the Israelite primary school. On August 1, 1868, the synagogue was inaugurated by Sulzbürger Rabbi Mayer Löwenmayer - in the presence of high secular and clerical dignitaries and with the participation of the city's choral society. The first religion teacher was also hired in 1868; he also took on the duties of prayer leader and slaughterer . In 1872 the government approved the establishment of a Jewish primary school, although at that time only six children were registered who had attended the Catholic school by then. In the following decades, an average of ten to twenty children attended classes. The school existed until 1923 when only one student attended the school.

In 1879 the community acquired a piece of land (today: Gießereistraße 3) and set up a cemetery there, which was surrounded by a wall in 1880. Until then, the community had been able to use the cemetery in Sulzbürg since 1868. From 1867 to 1885 the Jewish community grew from 53 to 150 inhabitants, then decreased again and had 138 in 1900, 114 in 1925 and 105 in 1933. In World War I, eleven community members lost their lives. A plaque of honor was unveiled for them in the prayer room of the synagogue at the 50th anniversary celebrations on April 6, 1919, in front of which an eternal light burned from now on .

The synagogue was demolished in the course of the November pogroms in 1938 and destroyed in air raids in February 1945. The last Jews were deported on Good Friday 1942 . Today there is again a small Jewish community in Neumarkt, a Jewish cemetery is located next to the main cemetery on Ingolstädter Straße.

Despite the smaller number of Jews, they played an important role in Neumarkt's economic life. The Goldschmidt brothers founded the "Velocipede Factory" in Ingolstädter Straße in 1882, where all the bicycle models common at the time were produced. The express works emerged from the factory .

Other religious communities

There is a small Islamic community in Neumarkt that belongs to the Turkish-Islamic Union ( DITIB ). In 2016 they moved into their own community center with a prayer room of around 200 m². The three-storey building with a usable area of ​​around 1100 square meters was built with a lot of personal contribution and support from neighboring communities. Previously, the community had resided in rented rooms on Regensburger Strasse for many years.

Other religious communities are:


Long controversial point of urban politics: the wasteland at the lower gate

From 1945 to 2008, the political life of Neumarkt was characterized by the dominance of the CSU, which until 2005 also provided the mayor. While the CSU, SPD and Free Voters in the city council agree at least in some areas on numerous issues, the city councils of the Free List Future and the Greens form the critical section of the body. The 2008 local elections shifted the majority in favor of the Free Voters for the first time. Since the 2020 local election, the CSU and Free Voters have been equally represented.

City council

The city ​​council consists of 40 voluntary city ​​councilors and the mayor and has been composed as follows since the 2020 local elections :

Party / list Share of votes
Share of votes in
Share of votes
CSU * 33.89% 39.34% - 6.45 13 16 - 3
UPW / Free Voters ** 31.82% 32.78% - 0.96 13 13 ± 0
Alliance 90 / The Greens * 13.47% 6.99% + 6.48 5 3 + 2
SPD * 11.32% 14.12% - 2.80 5 5 ± 0
Free List Future (FLitZ) 4.19% 5.04% - 0.85 2 2 ± 0
FDP * 2.90% 1.73% + 1.17 1 1 ± 0
THE LEFT. * 2.41% - + 2.41 1 - + 1

* In bold : with political groups in the German Bundestag represented
** Independent Party FDP Community / FDP city Neumarkt. eV

From 2018 to 2020, the Bavarian Party was represented by a member for the first time since 1960. After the death of City Councilor Karl-Heinz Brandenburger (SPD), Alexander Koll-Pfeiffer from the SPD list took his place in the 2014 local elections, but who had since joined the Bavarian Party.

Lord Mayor and Mayor

Thomas Thumann (UPW), Lord Mayor since December 2005
Surname Political party function In office since
Thomas Thumann UPW / FW Lord Mayor 2005
Markus Ochsenkühn CSU mayor 2020
Gertrud Heßlinger SPD 2nd Mayor 2014

List of the Lord Mayors of Neumarkt

Surname Political party function Term of office
Kingdom of Bavaria (1868–1918)
Josef Max Feldbauer Bavarian Patriot Party mayor 1868-1876
Josef Weissenfeld Bavarian People's Party mayor 1879-1915
Friedrich Gruber unknown Mayor (1916–1919), then Lord Mayor 1916-1920
Weimar Republic (1918–1933)
Georg Weidner DDP Lord Mayor 1920-1931
Thomas Rössert unknown Lord Mayor 1931-1934
Period of National Socialism (1933–1945)
Johann Baptist Dotzer NSDAP Lord Mayor 1934-1941
Karl Gortner NSDAP Lord Mayor 1941-1945
Allied administration (1945–1949)
Theo Betz CSU Lord Mayor under US control 1945-1949
Bavaria until the regional reform (1949–1972)
Theo Betz CSU Lord Mayor of the independent city of Neumarkt 1949-1972
Bavaria after the regional reform (1972 − today)
Kurt Romstock CSU Lord Mayor of the large district town of Neumarkt 1972-1990
Alois Karl CSU Lord Mayor 1990-2005
Thomas Thumann UPW / FW Lord Mayor since 2005


Neumarkt is repeatedly used as an example of a flourishing municipality. The per capita debt is currently given at 15 euros (the average for comparable cities in Bavaria is 636 euros). The reserves built up over the last few decades are given for 2010 at an amount of 90 million euros. This contrasts with investments of 48 million euros. The budget volume for 2012 is given as 135.1 million euros.

Project: Sustainable Neumarkt

For the first time in Germany in July 2004, a model was adopted under this motto, which is intended to ensure a local sustainability strategy in urban development as part of the Agenda 21 project . Numerous citizen surveys , a day of visions , citizens' conferences and workshops with several thousand participants preceded this city council decision. The Neumarkt community center as an open forum for all interested and committed citizens is a first result of this process. For this project, Neumarkt was awarded the title “ Official City of the World Decade ” by UNESCO , along with Hamburg and Heidelberg . Neumarkt is the first city in Germany that is allowed to bear this title for the third time.

Municipality of the year 2010

In 2010 the city was named Municipality of the Year by the Oskar Patzelt Foundation as part of the Grand Prize for Medium-Sized Enterprises competition. The laudation emphasized: "The aim is not short-term success, but continuous development with a sense of proportion and understanding."

Social City project

Since January 2002 the old town has been part of the urban and district funding program with special development needs - the social city . This program not only consists of conventional urban development funding, but also primarily aims to increase the quality of life in neighborhoods by socially stabilizing problem areas. In addition to urban planning tasks, the focus is also on social, ecological and employment policy goals.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the city of Neumarkt around 1605 in Siebmacher's book of arms

The city coat of arms shows a black eagle on a red background, which indicates the at least theoretical imperial immediacy of the city from the 13th century to the 16th century.

The eagle first appeared on a seal in 1260. The coat of arms was shown in color for the first time in the Wernigeroder Wappenbuch from 1486. In the following centuries the coat of arms was not used uniformly: the black eagle on a red background predominates, but in some cases it shows the eagle on a silver or gold background.

On the central pillar of the Lower Gate there is a stone coat of arms from the 19th century, which was rescued from the rubble after the gate was destroyed in 1945, restored and after the reconstruction in 1989 it was put back in its old place.

City partnerships and sponsorships

Partnerships exist too

These partnerships are intensively cultivated, for example through mutual visits by official delegations during the old town festivals.

A Lufthansa CityLine aircraft has been called Neumarkt idOPf since March 2005 . The Canadair Jet CRJ 700 aircraft is on the move in large parts of the European route network. In October 2012, a Talent 2 multiple unit , which is used in the Nuremberg S-Bahn network that extends to Neumarkt , was also renamed Neumarkt idOPf. baptized.

Culture and sights

Wolfstein castle ruins

Sights include the historic old town with the St. Johannes Minster and the town hall, the castle district around the Palatine Palace with the Hofkirche and the Landesgartenschaugelände (today's LGS Park ) on the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal . On the outskirts or outside the city, the baroque pilgrimage church of Mariahilf and the Wolfstein castle ruins are worth a visit. In addition to themed city tours, tours in the museums and the Wolfstein castle ruins are also offered. Neumarkt can be reached via the tourist route Straße der Kaiser und König . Around 45,000 to 50,000 overnight stays are counted each year.


Museum Lothar Fischer in the city park

The Neumarkt City Museum in Adolf-Kolping-Strasse shows exhibits and changing themed exhibitions on the history of the city (for example “All nine for Neumarkt” on the 1972 regional reform). One section deals with rural and bourgeois life in the 19th century, while another section can be used to view old bicycles and motorcycles from the Express brand , which is produced in Neumarkt .

The Lothar Fischer Museum at the Stadtpark, which opened in summer 2004, shows works by Lothar Fischer on the one hand, but also offers space for changing exhibitions with works by other well-known artists on the other. These are mostly based on Lothar Fischer or are at least connected to him (for example members of the SPUR group ); In addition, an annual exhibition presents exemplary works by the recipient of the Lothar Fischer Prize from the previous year.

The museum for historic Maybach vehicles , which opened on March 31, 2009 in the former Express works, exhibits vehicles from the former luxury brand Maybach and also shows bicycles and motorcycles from the former Express works. It is the only museum in the world that is entirely dedicated to the Maybach automobile brand.

The brewery museum of the Glossner brewery in Schwesternhausgasse provides information on the history of brewing since the Middle Ages, which is illustrated using the example of the Glossner brewery family. Equipment, documents and a Braumeister gallery allow a closer look at this craft. It is part of the North Bavarian Industriestrasse .

In the Bahnhofstrasse, the Bavarian butcher and veal sausage museum deals with the craftsmanship of butchers and shows the operational processes of that time using completely preserved butchery equipment from the 19th century. In addition, the history and tradition of white sausage are examined in more detail.

Until 2003 there was a model railway museum in the cellars of the city library , which is now looking for a new domicile. In addition to typical model railway systems, a completely self-designed and constructed model railway could also be viewed here. The Bavarian National Museum maintained a branch in the west wing of the Palatine Palace until 1997, in which baroque nativity art was exhibited. A lack of interest led to the museum being closed and relocated to Munich .

In addition, the construction of a museum on the Wolfstein castle ruins is planned, on the one hand to present the finds and results of the excavation work there, but on the other hand to provide information about the geology and geological history of the Neumarkt area.


Palatine Palace on Residenzplatz
Court Church "To Our Lady"
town hall

In the old City

Despite severe destruction in the Second World War, the historic buildings in the old town were largely preserved. The old town is dominated by the three large church towers of St. John's Cathedral, the Court Church and the Christ Church. St. Johannes was built under Palatine Johann from 1404 to 1434 as a Gothic hall church and, especially in the tower, is strongly reminiscent of the Lorenz Church in Nuremberg . The Court Church of Our Lady , a former Marienkapelle, was expanded as a castle church from 1418 and completed around 1523 under Friedrich II . The Protestant Christ Church outside the city wall on the site of the former palace garden was part of the former Capuchin monastery , which existed from 1670.

The Pfalzgrafenschloss on Residenzplatz has existed since around 1200 and was completed as a former moated castle in the Renaissance style by Friedrich II between 1520 and 1539. The Reitstadel (around 1415), also located in the castle district, initially served as an armory and later as a horse stables. In 1945 the building burned down completely, it was not rebuilt as a concert hall until 1980.

The long street market as the main axis of the old town is divided by the town hall into the upper and lower markets. It was also erected around 1415 as a Gothic council building and after being destroyed in 1945 it was rebuilt true to the original in 1956 and 1957. The old town is surrounded by the city ​​wall , which, like the city moat, is only partially preserved. The Powder Tower , the Debt Tower , the Bertlein Tower and the Gimpl Tower are located on it . Of the former three city gates, only the monastery gate as a passage to the Christ Church and the lower gate , which was rebuilt from 1989 after the blast in 1945, have survived. The former barracks from 1720, which housed Bavarian Chevauleg regiments from 1814 to 1909, are part of the city fortifications . In the Bräugasse, what is probably the city's oldest surviving town house, the so-called Schreiberhaus, is being renovated . Parts of the walls can be dated back to 1430.

Outside the city walls

The restored baroque church of St. Anna stands at the former infirmary , which is now the district's clinic . Nearby is the port of the Ludwig-Donau-Main Canal, which runs through the city from north to south. On the slope of the Wolfsteinberg you can visit the modern Holy Cross Church , which was built in 1959 and 1960. Other modern church buildings are the Willibaldskirche (1966) in the Woffenbach district and the St. Pius Church in the Hasenheide.

The St. Josef monastery with the associated monastery church has housed the order of the Niederbronn Sisters since 1920 ; the buildings were previously used as the Wildbad spa house from around 1850 . A healing spring still present there enabled a comprehensive spa operation in Bad Neumarkt, which was only discontinued around 1900. In 2006, the Neumarkter Lammsbräu and the monastery built a spring that has since been known as the “Kloster St. Josef-Wasser”. There is also a small public bottling plant on the monastery grounds.

The Wolfstein castle ruins , a castle complex from the 12th century, can be seen high above the city from afar . There is a great view from here. Archaeological excavations and extensive repairs save the ruins from further deterioration.

On the neighboring Mariahilfberg, in the forest, lies the pilgrimage church Maria-Hilf with a Carmelite monastery, a true gem of the Baroque , which was built around 1727. The church is also the end of the Way of the Cross, on which the twelve stations of the Passion of Jesus Christ can be followed on 367 steps . Slightly below are the small chapel of the Holy Sepulcher and a replica of the famous Marian grotto in Lourdes .

Architectural monuments


"3 Riders" by Lothar Fischer on Residenzplatz
In the LGS park
The Ludwig Canal in the Holzheim district

City park with Ludwigshain

The old town is almost continuously surrounded by a green belt in the area of ​​the former city moat. Behind the castle is the city ​​park, which was partially redesigned in 2004, with relics of the former city fortifications. The park is traversed by the Pilsach-Leitgraben , to the east the castle pond adjoins. This was created in the 15th century and served as a fish pond for the castle kitchen. The ice for the cold rooms of the Neumarkt breweries was later extracted here. In the park there is a large, disused fountain, which was first erected in the 1930s as a memorial to Dietrich Eckart and rededicated after the war as a memorial to Christoph von Neumarkt, who was named Christoph III in the 15th century . ruled over Denmark, Sweden and Norway. A figure of St. Nepomuk stands at the crossing over the moat at the monastery gate. A sculpture trail with works by the artist is planned from the Lothar Fischer Museum to the Residenzplatz and the town hall. At the beginning of the 2000s, a town hall was planned to be built at the northern end towards Mühlstrasse, but this was not implemented.

Between Weißenfeldplatz and Theo-Betz-Platz, Ludwigshain forms another part of the green belt. Here is u. a. a war memorial for the fallen of the two world wars. However, Neumarkt's central memorial is in the Eichelgarten at the main cemetery. The green belt will be continued along Freystädter Strasse and Ringstrasse; A memorial stone at Hallertorstrasse preserves the memory of the Jews murdered in Neumarkt during the Nazi era. At the intersection of Viehmarkt and Freystädter Straße there is a former protective bunker from the Second World War. The starting point of the green belt behind the residence is reached again along the Kurt-Romstöck-Ring and the Mühlstraße.

Along the Ludwig Canal

→ Main article, State Horticultural Show Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz 1998

Along the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal, two more green spaces, reminiscent of Neumarkt's two twin cities, lead to the Volksfestplatz. An old wine press from Mistelbach was hidden in the Mistelbacher Allee , it has been restored and is now in the LGS Park. In the Parc d'Issoire various sculptures can be visited.

In 1998 the 8th Bavarian State Garden Show took place in Neumarkt . The area of ​​the former sewage treatment plant, which was converted into a park landscape for this purpose, is now a much-visited green and leisure facility in the city. The so-called LGS Park fits into the area between the Holzheim district and Altdorfer Strasse and is served by the Ludwig-Donau -Main channel pulled through. In summer, the “Summer in the Park” series of events invites visitors to visit with concerts and cabaret.

In the north, the LGS-Park has been extended along the Schwarzachaue to the outskirts on the Berliner Ring. In addition to a Celtic tree calendar and a sundial, a copy of the " gold cone " that was found near Ezelsdorf and is now in the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg and a bust of Sebastian Kneipp can be viewed there . In July 2005 a statue of St. Christopher was erected.

Parks in the neighborhoods

In the south of the city, hidden behind several industrial plants, is the Wasag Park . At the end of the 1980s, this green area hit the headlines because of pollution that still came from the weapons and explosives factory from the 1930s and 1940s. Their structural remains can still be found in the park today. Nearby, a memorial commemorated Friedrich Ebert , which was moved in June 2009 to a much more frequented place on Weinbergerstrasse.

The Faberpark on Pelchenhofener Strasse serves primarily as a local recreation area for the Mühlen district. Around the former castle in Woffenbach is the Woffenbacher Schlosspark , through which the Woffenbach flows.

On the eastern outskirts of the city, Wolfstein Park offers a fitness trail . This park flows into the forests of the Wolfsteinberg and the Mariahilfberg.

One of the largest war cemeteries in southern Germany is located on Föhrenweg . 5,049 foreign war victims are buried here, including 3,373 Soviet women, children and men who were victims of forced labor for which they were deported to Germany.

In the Mooswiese on the southern outskirts of the city, the Jura Zoo existed from 1989 to 2020 , at that time the only zoo in the Upper Palatinate.


Sports facilities and events

Aerial view of the airfield

There are numerous football and soccer fields distributed over the city, as well as a few tennis facilities, for example Holzheim, Höhenberg, Pölling and Woffenbach. In the Pölling district, the “Herrenhof” golf course was built as an 18-hole championship course. Together with the nearby golf courses “Am Habsberg” and “Jura-Golfpark Hilzhofen” in Lauterhofen, the region advertises with the slogan “Golfdorado Neumarkt”. There is a mini golf course in the LGS Park .

The outdoor pool offers a heated adventure pool in summer with water slides, diving towers, white water facilities, etc. and is currently being converted into a combined indoor and outdoor pool. The opening of the pool is planned for 2021.

The mobile ice skating facility at the Volksfestplatz extends the range of sports to include ice hockey and ice skating in the winter months.

On the Jura plateau, numerous cross-country trails are groomed from the Höhenberg district in winter, and a ski lift is operated in the Voggenthal district. During the winter months, the municipal utilities install an artificial ice rink on the fairground, which can be used up to temperatures of over 10 ° C. On the so-called Hanelschanze below the Höhenberg district, ski jumping competitions took place in the 1950s and 1960s .

There is an airfield for motor gliders on Nürnberger Straße, and an airfield for gliders on the Ottenberg near Pilsach. There is also an airfield in Günching. There is an airfield for model airplanes on the Mariahilfberg .

The most important sporting event is the Neumarkter Stadtlauf , a half marathon that takes place every September and attracts several thousand runners.


The main sport in Neumarkt is soccer . The two top football teams in Neumarkt are currently BSC Woffenbach and ASV 1860 Neumarkt , which currently play in the Central Regional League. There are also seven other football departments within the large multi-discipline clubs: DJK Neumarkt, FC Neumarkt-Süd, FC Holzheim, SV Pölling, SV Stauf, SV Höhenberg and TSV Wolfstein. FC Holzheim and TSV Wolfstein have now founded a joint project called JFG Neumarkt Stadt und Land. From 2007 to 2009, and again since 2012, the DJK Neumarkt has been a member of this association as the third association. With the start of the 2013/14 season, SV Pölling and its youth department will also be part of it.

To dance

In the area of dance sport / leisure dance there is the ADTV dance school Tanzcentrum Neumarkt (TCN), the ADTV dance friends, the blue-silver dance department of ASV Neumarkt and the rock 'n' roll club "Funny Rollers" (DJK Neumarkt). The dance sport department blue silver of the ASV Neumarkt has already several times placed the Bavarian champions and runner-ups up to the highest classes of the amateur league (S-class main group and seniors, A-class youth) in the area of ​​standard and Latin . The TSA Latin formation was already represented in the second Bundesliga. The dance floor formation of the ADTV-Tancentrum has also provided the German champion several times and won the German runner-up title in the field of formation dance floor. A small breakdance group trains in the G6 youth center. Hip-hop, breakdance and belly dance are also offered at ASV Neumarkt. Artico eV offers events and courses in the salsa area with its own department “Salsa Neumarkt”.


In the first decade of the 21st century, some major cycling events took place in Neumarkt. In 2003 and 2005 the city was the destination of the final stage of the Bayern Tour , in 2004 a stage of the Germany Tour led through Neumarkt. Various regional cycle routes have their starting point in Neumarkt, such as the Five Rivers Cycle Path or the Tour de Baroque .

There is a BMX facility in the Hasenheide district .


Traveling circus Neumarkt

Neumarkt is in the range of three quality hiking trails of the German Hiking Association : The Zeugenbergrunde leads as a 48.3 kilometer circular hiking trail around the city. The Frankenweg follows the Albtrauf of the Franconian Alb and leads through the districts of Labersricht and Höhenberg. The third quality hiking trail , the Jurasteig , leads east past the city on its main route, but one of its loop trails, the Mariahilf loop, reaches Höhenberg with the Maria Hilf pilgrimage church. In addition, numerous other marked trails lead, for example, through the Lengenbachtal to Deining or on the Buchberg . In and around Neumarkt these hiking trails are all marked with the label “Wander circus Neumarkt”.


The 1st Motorsport Club Neumarkt (MSC) organized the Jura hill climb on the Mariahilfberg from 1968 to 1982 with the support of the German Motorsport Association . On the road between the districts of Höhenberg im Tal and Höhenberg, which is still popularly known today as the race track, motorcycles and racing cars, including those from the Formula 2 and Formula 3 series, competed against each other and attracted up to 15,000 spectators to the track. Falling spectator numbers and increased safety requirements finally led to the end of the Jura mountain races in the 1980s.

Other sports

Furthermore offer the local sports clubs martial arts like Judo , Brazilian Jiu Jitsu , Karate , Taekwondo , Aikido , boxing and Thai boxing and handball , hockey , table tennis , wheelchair sports , athletics , bowling , volleyball , wrestling and tennis at. In addition, the circus club trains children and young people in circus arts such as acrobatics, artistry and juggling.

Theater, cinema and night life

Regular events take place primarily in the Reitstadel and in the ballroom of the Residenz ( Neumarkter Konzertfreunde , cabaret in the Residenz ). The Neumarkter Schlossspiele , a theater group, perform in the inner courtyard of the residence in summer. Since 1973 the Woffenbacher Bauerntheater has performed a cheerful folk play in the Bavarian dialect every year in late autumn. And the Neumarkt Kolping Family theater group also performs regularly with comedic pieces.

The Cineplex chain operates a multiplex cinema in the “ NeuerMarkt ” district . In the old town there is another cinema with the "Rialto Palace". The "Bavaria-Filmtheater" on Unteren Markt was closed in 2015. Every year in August, the Kino im Park series is an open-air cinema in LGS-Park, where selected films and the season’s cinema highlights are shown for around ten days.

The nightlife is characterized by several pubs, cafes and discos that have settled in and around the old town. But the nightlife of Nuremberg and Regensburg was also able to expand its catchment area to Neumarkt.


Since the rebuilding of the Reitstadels as a concert hall, the Neumarkter Konzertfreunde e. V. and the Neumarkter Musikverein e. V. established a music scene that regularly performs classical concerts there, with some international stars. Because of the very good acoustics, the Reitstadel is also often used for CD recordings by various choirs and orchestras.

Well-known artists of rock and pop music such as Die Ärzte , Robert Plant , the Ramones , Tokio Hotel or Wir sind Helden performed in the Great and Small Jura Halls . Open-air concerts are always held on the Volksfestplatz.

There is an active music scene in the city, with groups and artists from various directions. Punk, rock and metal bands can be found as well as brass bands , choirs and folk music groups. Several pubs provide young talents with stages.

There has also been a larger audience for jazz in recent years, with concerts taking place regularly as part of the "Jazz in the Residence" series.

Zambezi Circus

At first glance, the Circus Sambesi is an ordinary circus , but it differs considerably from its world-famous counterparts: Karl Nidermayer has been running this circus on a voluntary basis since 1987, and all artists also perform for free. Admission is free, but donations are welcome, which then go in full to the Afrika-Stiftung Menschen für Menschen under the direction of Karlheinz Böhm . To date, over € 500,000 has been collected for people in need in Ethiopia . The tour usually takes the circus through the Upper Palatinate, Middle Franconia and Upper Bavaria during the summer months .

Regular events

Celebrations and festivals

In August: Jura fair

The spring festival takes place at the beginning of May on the Volksfestplatz and in the Jura halls and has been expanded to include an agricultural exhibition since 2003.

During the old town festival in June, the old town is transformed into a lively promenade for three days. Concerts of various musical styles on several stages, guided tours and theaters offer a colorful mix of events that is well attended.

The Neumarkt vintage car meeting takes place annually on Pentecost Sunday. At a large vehicle exhibition on the Upper and Lower Market, around 800 historic cars, motorcycles and agricultural machinery can be viewed. This is followed by an exit through the district.

The large ten-day Neumarkt Jura Folk Festival in August is the highlight of the annual calendar of events. Each event attracts up to 20,000 visitors.

From May to August, various concerts and other artistic performances take place in the LGS-Park as part of the Summer in the Park series , followed immediately by the open-air cinema on the canal bank in mid-August .

Every two years in September, museums and galleries open for the Neumarkt Culture Night , during which numerous installations, performances and performances from the fields of painting, sculpture, literature, music and street art can be visited in the old town.

Under the motto Bands & Clubs , the Neumarkter Kneipenfestival takes place in April and October , with live bands performing in numerous pubs, discos and cafés.

Numerous church fairs and rifle festivals take place in the city districts throughout the year, especially the Willibald church dedication in Woffenbach in July attracts numerous visitors from the surrounding area.

Weekly and annual markets

There are two weekly markets on the lower market. The weekly market (Thursdays) offers goods of various origins (including clothing, groceries, household appliances, jewelry). At the farmers' market on Saturday, mainly regional farmers offer their products.

In addition to the popular monthly flea markets, there are also several annual markets on the Volksfestplatz, such as the Michaelismarkt or the Candlestick Fair , which are usually associated with a Sunday shopping in the old town.

On the square in front of the town hall in the immediate vicinity of the Johanneskirche, the Neumarkt Christmas market takes place during Advent and, since 2007, an artists Christmas market takes place on the Unteren Markt , where private individuals or social projects from the Neumarkt area offer self-made and self-produced goods.

Neumarkt Passion Play

Passion plays were staged in Neumarkt as early as the 17th and 18th centuries , the last time in 1793. In 1901 the Catholic Journeyman's Association organized a new performance, which was repeated in 1922. The idea to perform the games every five years already arose here, but this no longer happened due to the economic and political circumstances.

Later the Kolping Family resumed the Passion Play and arranged performances in 1959, 1964, 1984 and 1989. This is where the current ten-year rhythm was introduced. In 1999, 2009 and 2019 the Passion Play took place again.

Economy and Infrastructure

Until the middle of the 19th century, Neumarkt was completely insignificant industrially. Only then began again, first with wood and metal processing industry, the industrialization prevail. The favorable location to the greater Nuremberg area and the creation of a good infrastructure contributed to the fact that important traditional companies such as Express Werke (until 1959), Pfleiderer (company) , Max Bögl GmbH and Co KG or DEHN SE were located here + Co KG settled. The unemployment rate has been between 6% and 7% for several years.


Map of Neumarkt with main traffic arteries

Private transport

Neumarkt is located directly on the federal motorway 3 between Nuremberg and Regensburg, the Neumarkt idOPf junctions are located in the urban area. and Neumarkt-Ost. Federal motorways 9 ( Hilpoltstein and Allersberg exits ) and 6 ( Alfeld and Amberg- West exits ) run to the west and north, each 20 kilometers away .

The federal highways 8 and 299 intersect in Neumarkt and are now guided via the city bypass ( Berliner Ring and Münchener Ring ). The construction of a complete ring around the city with a tunnel under the Mariahilfberg was planned in the 1970s. From 2001 to 2008 a tangent from the southern parts of the city to the Jura plateau to the new Neumarkt-Ost exit was discussed, which was rejected for economic and ecological reasons. The last section of the city bypass was opened in August 2008; coming from the south, the B 299 no longer leads directly past Sengenthal and Neumarkt-Hasenheide, but goes directly into the Münchener Ring.

Significant streets in the urban area are Amberger Strasse , Dammstrasse and Kurt-Romstöck-Ring , which are almost continuously built with two lanes in each direction. The Nuremberg street , the Freystädter road that Pelchenhofener road and the Regensburger Street make another important arterial roads. The construction of roundabouts is always continued.

In Neumarkt there are two multi-storey car parks ( Ringstrasse and Rosengasse ) and an underground car park ( Residenzplatz ), which are operated by Stadtwerke Neumarkt, and another underground car park in the "Neuer Markt" district . There are also larger parking spaces at the fairground next to the Jura halls as well as on the Ringstrasse and Freystädter Strasse. All multi-storey car parks and underground garages are integrated into a dynamic parking guidance system.

The cycle path network is around 70 kilometers long and connects almost all parts of the city. Almost all of the main roads have cycle paths on both sides of the road, and there are still problem areas at the crossing of some roads. By building traffic lights, underpasses or crossing aids in the form of traffic islands, these danger points are increasingly counteracted.

The Marktstrasse was converted into a pedestrian zone in the area of ​​the Rathausplatz, as was the entire Klostergasse. Several streets are traffic-calmed in the residential areas.

Rail and bus transport

Railway station with Bahnhofplatz
City buses at the Upper Market

Neumarkt has two train stations on the Nuremberg – Regensburg railway line . The Neumarkt (Upper Palatinate) train station is served by regional trains at least every hour. Since the timetable change to the 2019/2020 winter timetable, long-distance trains no longer stop there. The S3 line of the Nuremberg S-Bahn has been running from here to Nuremberg Central Station since December 2010 . The Pölling stop is located on the edge of the district of the same name and is only served by S-Bahn trains. Another stop in Neumarkt-Woffenbach was to be built in the course of the S-Bahn on Woffenbacher Straße, these plans have been suspended for the time being. The Sulztalbahn with the Neumarkt-Hasenheide stop in the south was finally shut down in 1988.

The regional bus traffic is centrally oriented towards Neumarkt. Numerous bus routes serve all the municipalities in the district, and other routes lead to Amberg, Allersberg and Kinding.

Stadtwerke Neumarkt (SWN) operates local public transport with 13 bus lines (lines 561–570 and 573–575), some of which run every 20 minutes on weekdays from around 5:45 a.m. to 7:00 p.m., Saturdays from 8 offered every 60 or 30 minutes until 2 p.m. The aim is to extend bus traffic to the evenings and weekends.

Neumarkt is integrated into the transport network for the greater Nuremberg area (VGN) and the Regensburg transport network (RVV).

In the winter months, night owls run on Saturdays, New Year's Eve and Carnival : six bus routes connect the surrounding communities with Neumarkt between 7 p.m. and around 3 a.m. The supply of the urban area is only unsatisfactory, only in the outlying districts such as Pölling or Höhenberg are individual stops served. Stops in the urban area itself or directly in the center are not integrated into the network, all lines only stop at the bus station at the train station. The buses run on behalf of the district and are not integrated into the VGN tariff system.

Ship and air traffic

The Neumarkt / Opf airfield. is located on Nürnberger Strasse near the Neumarkt Clinic in Upper Palatinate , which has its own helicopter landing pad.

The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal crosses the Neumarkt district. The Mühlhausen , Berching and Dietfurt locks are located in the southern district . The nearest permanently manned inland ports with full handling are in Nuremberg and Kelheim . Spatially closer road / ship transhipment options are available at the Mühlhausen , Roth and Dietfurt sites ; However, there are no siding there and no customs clearance takes place.

Shipping traffic on the leading also through Neumarkt built from 1835 to 1846 Ludwigskanal was discontinued in the 1950s. A few years ago, in the southern district of Neumarkt, sporadic museum operations were resumed without a motorized vehicle on the remaining sections for tourist purposes. Only in the summer months, two museum ships are here, 150 years ago, with horses towed .

The historic trading port for cargo handling and locks 23 - 32 in the Neumarkt district have also been preserved and protected as a monument .

Established businesses

Industrial area south
Pfleiderer GmbH headquarters

Neumarkt is the location of industrial companies in various branches of industry, a total of 3780 commercial enterprises have their headquarters here.

The most important commercial enterprise was Pfleiderer (company) , which has been active in wood processing and plant construction at the Neumarkt location for almost 90 years. In 2012 the AG was wound up because it had become insolvent. The previously very extensive production range has now been loosened up and some branches have been sold, for example the production of steel, GRP and concrete masts, which Pfleiderer Europoles GmbH & Co. KG now continues to operate independently in Neumarkt. In the spring of 2006, the Pfleiderer Infrastructure Technology division , which is now called RAIL.ONE GmbH, produces Pfleiderer track systems sleepers and track systems for the railways.

Other well-known production companies in Neumarkt are, for example, the pharmaceutical manufacturer Bionorica SE , the supplier for the aviation industry Industrio GmbH and Staedtler Mars GmbH & Co. KG , whose pens and office supplies are sold worldwide.

In the field of electrical and lightning protection technology, DEHN SE + Co KG and DEHN INSTATEC GmbH , which are active here and in Nuremberg, should be mentioned, as well as Delphi Product & Service Solutions , which has two plants in Neumarkt, and the Lightning protection Pröpster GmbH . Klebl GmbH operates internationally as a construction company and also mines sand in the south of the city.

The Fritz Berger GmbH (camping equipment) and the Tchibo GmbH operate in the industrial area Haber amount each a logistics center. Food manufacturers based in Neumarkt include Burgis GmbH , whose potato specialties , which have been awarded the regional seal of "Geprüfte Qualität - Bayern" (Certified Quality - Bavaria) by the Bavarian State Ministry , are sold throughout Germany, and Der Bäcker Feihl , a family business from Neumarkt-Pölling, which now has 35 branches in the Nuremberg- Neumarkt and has meanwhile created a second mainstay in Berlin, where it in turn has 21 branches in the city. The Otto Richter KG is Germany's largest producer pillow.

The Fischer Automobile group operates several VW group dealerships in Neumarkt and Amberg.


Of the once numerous breweries in Neumarkt, three private companies have remained to this day. Every three years you will receive the serving rights at the Jura-Volksfest.

The Glossner brewery, which has existed since 1574, offers beers and soft drinks as well as its own mineral water, which is taken from the company's own well on Ludwigshain from a depth of around 70 meters. Its own museum provides information about beer production.

The Neumarkter Lammsbräu , first mentioned in 1628, is today the largest Neumarkt brewery. As early as the 1970s, ingredients from organic agriculture began to be used for brewing, since 1980 only organic raw materials have been used and the products are generally only bottled in reusable bottles. With this strategy, Lammsbräu developed into one of the top-selling beer producers in the organic sector. In 2001 the lamb brewery was the first to be awarded the German Environment Prize.

The goose brewery is the smallest of the three and focuses on the production of pils, light and dark beer. Since the city's anniversary in 2010, she has also been brewing the internationally award-winning "Rotbier anno 1160".


In addition to the two daily newspapers Neumarkter Nachrichten (local edition of the Nürnberger Nachrichten ) and Neumarkter Tagblatt (local edition of the Mittelbayerische Zeitung ), an internet newspaper also appears under , which offers online access to current news from the city and the district. The monthly city magazine Hugo Neumarkt and the online magazine report on nightlife and cultural life . The radio station Radio Charivari is a private radio station for the Eastern Bavaria region and also reports from Neumarkt.

The local broadcaster intv shows a fixed weekly news program from Neumarkt ( studio neumarkt ). The Neumarkter station neumarkt TV produces two magazines a week, marktplatz neumarkt and, finally, weekend , which are broadcast on Franken Fernsehen . There are also monthly programs, including the youth format G6-TV .

The transmitter Dillberg , which is located on the mountain of the same name near Neumarkt, has been broadcasting radio and television programs since 1955. By a transmitter on the Burgfried the Burgruine Wolfenstein the program of the transmitter is Charivari broadcast to the local window Neumarkt. On May 30, 2005, Bavaria's first DVB-T service started from Dillberg (in addition to Munich, the Wendelstein and Nuremberg broadcasters) . Also, from there, the campus radio Nuremberg , a student of Georg Simon Ohm University of Applied Sciences in Nuremberg operated college radio , the DRM spread mode.

Public facilities

Neumarkt Clinic

As a district town and a possible regional center, the city is also the seat of various authorities and institutions. In Neumarkt, for example, you will find the tax office for the city and the district, the district office for the district of Neumarkt as well as the health , water management and food, agriculture and forest departments of the district, as well as the seat of the administrative community Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , which serves the City itself does not belong. The district court has its seat in the former Palatine Palace. The employment agency has a branch in Mariahilfstrasse and a training center in Regensburger Strasse. The road maintenance department looks after the road network of the northern district, the motorway maintenance department on the A3 is responsible for the section of this highway between the Nuremberg motorway junction and the Parsberg exit .

The youth office YES! is the municipal contact point for leisure and cultural events for children and young people. Among other things, it offers the holiday games in the LGS Park every August. The house for youth, education and culture was built on the Volksfestplatz in 2006 and today offers children, young people and adults space for events from a wide variety of areas.

The Neumarkt Clinic in Upper Palatinate is the largest hospital in the district with 429 beds, and it also serves as a teaching hospital for the University of Erlangen .


Willibald-Gluck-Gymnasium and Ostendorfer-Gymnasium

General education schools

As the center of the western Upper Palatinate, Neumarkt has a wide range of educational opportunities, with almost all common types of schools represented.

Basic care is provided by seven elementary schools and three middle schools , which are spread across the city. A state secondary school for boys and one for girls are available at secondary schools . This gender-related separation of a general education school is rarely found today. Two grammar schools , the Ostendorfer grammar school as a humanistic, linguistic and musical grammar school and the natural science-technological or economic and social science Willibald-Gluck grammar school enable the way to the Abitur .

School system in the 2007/2008 school year
Average class size at elementary schools 23.3
Share of foreign students in primary schools 6.6%
Share of foreign students at secondary schools 11.8%
Average class size at secondary schools 29.0
Proportion of foreign students in secondary schools 1.1%
Average class size at grammar schools 29.0
Proportion of foreign students in grammar schools 1.8%
Kindergartens in 2005
Number of kindergartens 15th
Number of kindergarten places 1070
Share of all-day-care children 59.9%

Vocational schools

In addition to a vocational school and a technical school with the fields of civil engineering and electrical engineering ( technical school ), which forms especially in skilled trades are in Neumarkt also a Vocational High School Bavaria ( Maximilian Kolbe School ), the State Economic School Neumarkt Oberpfalz. , as well as vocational schools in the areas of housekeeping, child, social and elderly care and a specialist academy for housekeeping ( St. Marien house next to the St. Josef monastery) and a nursing school at the clinic.


University of Applied Management in LGS Park

The University of Applied Management in LGS-Park, a private but state-recognized university of applied sciences, has been offering business administration and construction management courses since 2001 . As at the other locations in Erding and Bad Tölz , it pursues the concept of a virtual course in which the course content is conveyed online and the students rarely come to the university for advanced seminars and exams. An expansion of the range of subjects is planned.

The Georg-Simon-Ohm University of Applied Sciences in Nuremberg has a branch in the nursing school at the hospital, which initially offers the business administration course with a focus on health economics .

Again and again in the 1980s and 1990s, Neumarkt tried to establish a state university of applied sciences , but this did not happen because of the proximity to the existing universities and technical colleges in Erlangen , Nuremberg , Regensburg , Amberg , Ingolstadt and Eichstätt .

Special schools and centers

The special education support center (SFZ) as a special school for children with learning disabilities takes on support and preparatory tasks with regard to school life for children from preschool age. The education and support of disabled and mentally ill people takes place in Neumarkt mainly at Lebenshilfe Neumarkt e. V. takes place, for example in the learning pedagogy center in the Höhenberg district or in the Jura workshops.

Other educational institutions

Fritz Weithas Observatory on the Mariahilfberg

The Neumarkt adult education center offers a wide range of further training opportunities in the city and also in the district, as does the Catholic and Protestant district education centers.

The municipal singing and music school trains the population on numerous instruments and also in singing.

The Fritz Weithas Observatory on the Mariahilfberg, which has been run there on a voluntary basis since 1972, offers lectures, tours of the sky and short courses on astronomy and space travel .

The Niederbayern-Oberpfalz Chamber of Crafts offers various advanced training courses (master classes, business administrators , IT courses, IT specialists, etc.) in its vocational training and technology center .

The city ​​library in Martin-Schrettinger-Haus includes an extensive repertoire of books, various church libraries complete the offer.


Sagas and legends, heroes

Legends are mainly about the Wolfstein castle ruins . There is a report of a great treasure guarded by a black poodle in the cellar vaults. A secret underground passage is supposed to connect the ruins directly with the Palatine Palace.

The blacksmith Veit Jung made a special contribution to Neumarkt after the Battle of Deining on the Upper Market. When French troops barricaded themselves in the city in the First Coalition War in 1796 , Austrian soldiers besieged Neumarkt and threatened complete destruction. At the risk of death and fire from the French, Jung finally went to the Upper Gate and hit the castle with his blacksmith's hammer. The Austrians invaded the city while the French fled through the Lower Gate. Neumarkt was spared from destruction. Veit Jung earned this heroic act the nickname "Torschmied".

Spoken version


Various books report on the history of the city of Neumarkt, provide more information about buildings and cultural monuments in the city or show historical views, including the books

  • Old views and pictures from Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , MK-Verlag, Fürth 1979.
  • Destruction and reconstruction of the city of Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate 1945–1995 , Wünsch Offset-Druck Neumarkt, 1995.
  • Simon Federhofer: Rulership in the Neumarkt area from the 12th to 17th centuries , Hist. Association for Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate and Surroundings, 1995.
  • Kurt Romstöck: The Neumarkt Residence and its Regents , MZ-Druck Regensburg, 1980.
  • Kurt Romstöck: Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz from 1500 to 1945 , MZ-Druck, 1985.
  • Kurt Romstöck: Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz from 1945 to 1995 , printing center of the Mittelbayerische Zeitung, 1994.
  • Friedrich Mader, Hans Braun: Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz - image of a city , Hoffmann, 1992.
  • Gabriele Moritz, Hans Braun: City walks - Neumarkt old town guide, Neumarkt tourist office, 1996.
  • Petra Henseler, Rudolf Müller-Tribbensee, Stefan Weithas: City of Neumarkt idOPf.- 25 years old town renovation . 2002.
  • Frank Präger: Archive pictures Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2006, ISBN 978-3-86680-053-3 .
  • Christine Rädlinger : Generation after generation / history of the Gloßner brewery family . Neumarkt 2009, ISBN 978-3-9813190-4-0 .
  • Eberhard Krauß: Migration in the Neumarkt / Opf area. in the 17th century. Exiles in the imperial county Wolfstein-Sulzbürg-Pyrbaum, emigration from Ev.-Luth. Deanery Neumarkt / Opf. to Franconia. Nuremberg 2009 (sources and research on Franconian family history, 24), ISBN 978-3-929865-55-4 .

Web links

Commons : Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. GKSt Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on October 29, 2017.
  3. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
  4. a b c Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing: Regional Maps ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. historical population figures Neumarkt / Opf.
  6. Inhabitants according to current information from the city of Neumarkt, accessed on January 30, 2015
  7. City Neumarkt .: population development. Retrieved February 17, 2018 .
  8. Neumarkter Nachrichten - Was the goal smith just a product of the imagination? Lecture by Ludwig Härtis at the Historical Society: October 20, 2006
  9. Figures from the City of Neumarkt 2008 , as of December 31, 2008; distributed to all households on April 9, 2009
  10. a b Eva Gaupp: Once the Protestants had to leave Neumarkt - and are now celebrating a hundred years return . In: Evangelisches Sonntagsblatt from Bavaria , November 2, 2014, p. 7.
  11. a b c d Neumarkt . In: More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria, Volume 1, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2007, p. 253
  12. Neumarkt . In: More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria, Volume 1, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2007, p. 254
  13. Neumarkt . In: More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria, Volume 1, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2007, p. 254 f.
  14. a b c Neumarkt . In: More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria, Volume 1, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2007, p. 256
  15. Neumarkt . In: More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria, Volume 1, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2007, p. 259
  16. City Council. Retrieved June 12, 2017 .
  17. Neumarkt idOpf .: Final results of the election of the City Council on March 15, 2020
  18. Neumarkt: The Bavarian party is back in the city council Message from: Neumarkter Nachrichten from July 26th, 2018, online version from
  19. ^ Press release from the City of Neumarkt ( Memento from September 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  20. Municipality of the year  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  21. Neumarkt goes up in the air., March 11, 2005, accessed on December 16, 2017 .
  22. S-Bahn is called "Neumarkt"., October 21, 2012, accessed on June 12, 2017 .
  23. - Tourism figures ( Memento of the original from April 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  24. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 177 ( PDF )
  25. Salsa in Neumarkt
  26. ^ “When Neumarkt was the scene of the racing circus for the last time” , Neumarkter Nachrichten, April 19, 2014.
  27. ^ Website for the Neumarkt Passion Play: Neumarkt Passion Play
  28. Bahn depends on Neumarkt from long-distance traffic. Mittelbayerische Zeitung, December 14, 2019, accessed on December 17, 2019 .
  29. Press release "Burgi's convinces Helmut Brunner with regional quality" ( Memento of the original from January 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. Franken TV on the Neumarkt regional format ( Memento of the original from September 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  31. The homepage of "neumarkt tv"
  32. The homepage of "G6-TV"
  33. Broadcasting technology: DVB-T in the Nuremberg region | Technology | Company | BR  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  34. Campus-Radio project ( Memento of the original dated November 2, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  35. Page not found! Retrieved June 12, 2017 .
  36. ^ Home page Neumarkt Education Center. Retrieved June 12, 2017 .
This article was added to the list of excellent articles on October 2, 2006 in this version .