Transport association for the greater Nuremberg area
|Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg GmbH|
|Managing directors||Andreas Mäder,
|sales||€ 340.13 million|
|Mileage||88.3 million train / wagon kilometers|
|Catchment area||15,843 km²|
|Residents in the
|Length of line network|
|Railway lines||1 296 km|
|Subway lines||37 km|
|Tram lines||38 km|
|Bus routes||11,394 km|
The Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg GmbH (abbreviated: VGN ) is the transport and tariff association in the greater Nuremberg area . It is largely congruent with the metropolitan region of Nuremberg . With an area of around 15,800 km² (as of January 2018), the VGN is the second largest transport association in Germany after the Berlin-Brandenburg transport association and the largest in Bavaria .
In 2016, the VGN counted around 257 million journeys or "combined transport cases" (previous year: around 247 million). Income (fare income, grants, reimbursements) was around 399 million euros in 2016 and thus almost 17 million euros higher than in 2015. This was offset by expenses of 742.6 million euros in 2016. The cost recovery rate was 53.8 percent compared to 52.8 percent in the previous year.
The transport association covers the entire administrative region of Middle Franconia as well as parts of Upper and Lower Franconia , Upper Palatinate , Swabia and Upper and Lower Bavaria . There is also a stop in Baden-Württemberg (Michelbach an der Lücke, line 817).
In the Zweckverband Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg (ZVGN) are the independent cities of Amberg , Ansbach , Bamberg , Bayreuth , Erlangen , Fürth , Nuremberg and Schwabach as well as the districts of Amberg-Sulzbach , Ansbach , Bamberg , Bayreuth , Erlangen-Höchstadt , Donau-Ries , Forchheim , Fürth , Haßberge , Kitzingen , Lichtenfels , Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim , Nürnberger Land , Roth and Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen are represented. Parts of the districts of Eichstätt , Kelheim , Neustadt an der Waldnaab and Regensburg are also located in the network area, but are not represented in the administration of the network.
Adjacent associations are in the west the KreisVerkehr Schwäbisch Hall (KVSH) and the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar (VRN), in the northwest the Verkehrsunternehmen-Verbund Mainfranken (VVM), in the east and southeast the Regensburger Verkehrsverbund (RVV) and in the south the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund ( AVV). There are transitions or overlaps with the AVV in Otting-Weilheim, with the RVV in Amberg and between Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz and Parsberg and with the VVM between Iphofen and Kitzingen.
Means of transport
The main means of transport in the transport association are the regional trains and S-Bahn trains operated by Deutsche Bahn AG , the underground trains, trams and buses operated by the Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg (VAG) and the Frankenbus rail bus company, as well as numerous bus routes operated by municipal and private transport companies.
The 30 regional train lines to Cadolzburg , Markt Erlbach , Dettelbach , Hassfurt , boars , Schney , Redwitz , Mainroth , Ebermannstadt , Gräfenberg , Simmelsdorf-Hüttenbach , Ramsenthal, Weidenberg , Haidenaab-Göppmannsbühl, Thansüß, Amberg , Parsberg , Kinding , Hilpoltstein , Solnhofen , Otting - Weilheim , Schnelldorf and Marktbreit are operated by the DB Regio Bayern and Agilis railway companies.
The lines are numbered with an R and a consecutive number, starting with 1 in a clockwise direction, branch lines have a two-digit number based on the number of the main line (e.g. R11 ) from which they branch off.
Deutsche Bahn AG operates the four lines of the Nuremberg S-Bahn . The route network covers 247 km with 78 stations.
- Bamberg - Forchheim - Erlangen - Fürth (Bay) Hbf - Nürnberg Hbf - Lauf (left Pegnitz) - Hersbruck (left Pegnitz) - Hartmannshof
- Roth - Schwabach - Nürnberg Hbf - Feucht - Altdorf (b Nürnberg)
- Nuremberg Central Station - Feucht - Neumarkt (Oberpf)
- Nuremberg main station - Ansbach - Dombühl
VAG is the operator of the Nuremberg U-Bahn , which runs on three lines in Nuremberg and Fürth. On the 37.1 km route network, the underground transports an average of 410,000 passengers between the 48 stations every day.
- Fürth Hardhöhe - Fürth Central Station - Plärrer - Nuremberg Central Station - Exhibition Center - Langwasser-Süd
- Röthenbach - Schweinau - Rothenburger Strasse - Plärrer - Nuremberg main station - Rathenauplatz - northeast station - airport
- Gustav-Adolf-Strasse - Rothenburger Strasse - Plärrer - Nuremberg Central Station - Rathenauplatz - Friedrich-Ebert-Platz - Nordwestring
The VAG operates the Nuremberg tram , which currently runs on five lines in the city of Nuremberg. The tram network has been continuously reduced in size over the last 30 years, especially as part of the construction of the subway. In the meantime, the construction of new tram lines is being considered again. B. in the district of Kornburg or in the north towards Erlangen .
|Gibitzenhof - Landgrabenstrasse - Hallertor - Friedrich-Ebert-Platz - Thon - Am Wegfeld||19th||22 min||5-10 min / late time 20 min|
|Tiergarten - Mögeldorf - Marientunnel - Central Station - Aufseßplatz - Christ Church - Frankenstrasse - Worzeldorfer Strasse||26th||30 min||10 min / late time 20 min|
|Documentation Center - Dutzendteich - Schweiggerstrasse - Aufseßplatz - Christ Church - Landgrabenstrasse - Hallertor - Westfriedhof||22nd||30 min||10 min / late time 20 min|
|Tristanstraße - Wodanstraße - Schweiggerstraße - Marientunnel - Hauptbahnhof||5||8 min||20 min / late time 30 min|
|Documentation Center - Wodanstraße - Schweiggerstraße - Central Station - Rathenauplatz - Erlenstegen||20th||27 min||10 min / late time 20 min|
In terms of numbers, buses are the most common means of transport in the VGN. In addition to the city transport systems in Amberg, Ansbach, Erlangen, Forchheim, Fürth, Herzogenaurach, Schwabach, Roth, Neumarkt and Nuremberg, there are numerous regional bus routes operated by the DB Frankenbus and DB Busverkehr Bayern rail bus companies, and by DB Ostbayernbus in the Upper Palatinate districts of DB Ostbayernbus and private bus companies .
The bus routes in the VGN are numbered consecutively and are structured geographically. Nuremberg city traffic has two-digit numbers (e.g. 45 Ziegelstein - Frankenstrasse), the Lichtenfels district four- digit numbers . All other lines in the VGN have three-digit numbers, with the first digit each covering a large sub-area and the second digit then, if possible, referring to a smaller sub-area. In the district of Neumarkt or the south-eastern network area, for example, all lines begin with 5xx ; the numbers 56x and 57x are then reserved for Neumarkt city traffic, e.g. B. 563 Neumarkt train station - Altenhof.
Tariffs and ticket offer
|Ticket offer in the VGN|
|MobiCard||Season ticket for 7 or 31 days, transferable, for max. 2 adults and up to 6 people in total|
|Day ticket||for 1 (TT-solo) or several (TT-plus) person (s), valid for purchases on Saturday and Sunday|
|Annual subscription||Several individual options can be booked, which are tailored to the time and number of users|
|Company subscription||Employee ticket|
|Solo 31||Validity: 31 days, cheaper than MobiCard 31|
|Student ticket||for schoolchildren and trainees|
|Semester ticket||for students of the faculties in Erlangen and Nuremberg|
|Vacation ticket||Summer ticket for schoolchildren, trainees and students|
|Multi-trip stamp card||stampable according to requirements and tariff zone|
|Single trip ticket||Can be purchased flexibly and immediately before departure, without any time commitment, as it is only valid immediately after purchase|
|Nice weekend and Bavaria ticket||valid under the specified conditions in the VGN's means of transport|
|DB transport ticket plusCity||Trips with the long-distance traffic card (generally from a distance of 100 km) from the train station to the inner-city destination stop by underground , tram and city bus|
|Group ticket||10 adults (from 15 years; 2 children are counted as one adult) receive a discount of 50% on the prices of single tickets for adults and children|
|KombiTicket||Admission tickets (theater, sporting event, etc.) with the imprint "Drive with the admission ticket" entitle the holder to use the VGN's means of transport to the venue and back|
|Hotel ticket||available to guests of numerous hotels in Nuremberg, Fürth and Erlangen. Two consecutive days can be used at reduced rates with the public transport ticket|
|Reduced monthly ticket||Proof of authorization required from the social welfare office|
The network area is divided into zones and sub-zones, which start in segments from the Nuremberg, Fürth and Erlangen tariff areas. There are a total of ten tariff levels for single tickets and nineteen for season tickets. There are also tariffs for the time zones in which sub-zones are considered separately. Of these, the highest is 10 for single tickets and 10 + T (10 zones + sub-zone) for time tickets. In larger cities there are city tariffs with the designations A to FZB in the cities of Nuremberg, Fürth and Stein (tariff zone 100 and 200, price level A) or Erlangen (tariff zone 400, price level C).
The range of tickets includes single and multi-trip tickets ("Streifenkarte"), day tickets and time tickets ("MobiCard" and "Solo31") as well as subscriptions for schoolchildren, trainees, students and companies. In cooperation with various institutions in Nuremberg, Fürth and Erlangen, a KombiTicket is offered which, for example, enables you to travel to and from a theater performance or a football match with the event ticket you have purchased.
As part of a project for the development of traffic in the city of Erlangen with the participation of the citizens to help shape public transport, the pricing for short distances and the lack of a dedicated offer for senior citizens were criticized.
Cell phone ticket
On June 1, 2006, the Association of German Transport Companies , the VGN, the VAG and other transport associations and companies and partners from the industry signed a contract to develop an e-ticketing process . The start of a model test was planned for mid-October 2006: passengers should be able to buy single and day tickets for public transport with their mobile phones . The different operating systems of the Java-enabled cell phones posed a problem. Since April 26, 2007, it has been possible to purchase tickets with a cell phone in the VGN area ; only single tickets and day tickets are offered during the test.
Since the timetable change on December 13, 2015, a complete timetable book is no longer sold. However, timetable booklets are available. In order to cover all the lines in the city of Nuremberg, you need six different timetable booklets. All line timetables and overview plans are available as PDF downloads.
The 2013, 2014 and 2015 annual timetables were published as a two-volume timetable book with the following subdivision:
- Volume 1: S-, R-, U- and trams, bus routes in Nuremberg, Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach
- Volume 2: Bus routes from other cities (including Bamberg, Bayreuth, Ansbach, and Neumarkt)
There was a timetable slipcase for the two volumes.
Up until the 2012 annual timetable, the entire network timetable was available in a one-volume timetable book.
Shareholder of the Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg GmbH
The following public and private companies are shareholders in the transport association:
- DB Regio AG
- VAG Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg (VAG)
- infra fürth verkehr gmbh (infra)
- ESTW Erlanger Stadtwerke AG (ESTW)
- Stadtverkehr Schwabach GmbH (formerly Wutzer)
- Stadtwerke Bayreuth Verkehr und Bäder GmbH
- Omnibusverkehr Franken GmbH, OVF
Society of private transport companies in the VGN mbH (GPV)
- Bauer & Schlecht GmbH, Arberg
- Rangau Reisen Matthias Steinmetz GmbH, Cadolzburg
- Omnibusverkehr Bernhard Genthner, Colmberg
- VU Braun GmbH, Heilsbronn
- Meidenbauer Stadtbus GmbH, Hersbruck
- Bus company Friedrich Bauer, Markt Taschendorf
- Reck and Sons, Inh. G. Reck eK, Rohr
- Omnibus Koch, owner Rainer Koch, Rohr
- Röhler Stadt Bus GmbH (RSB) , Roth
- Fritz Wellhöfer GmbH & Co.KG, Saxony
- Ehard Touristik GmbH & Co.KG, Spalt
- Omnibus MOSSNER eK, owner Manuel Moßner, Thalmässing
- Engeler Reisen, Treuchtlingen
- Association of municipal transport companies in the VGN GbR (GkV)
The VGN holds a 5.06% stake in VDV eTicket Service GmbH & Co. KG (Cologne).
Other transport companies in the VGN (selection)
- DB Regio Bus Bayern GmbH
- Stadtwerke Bamberg Verkehrs- und Park GmbH
- Ansbacher Bäder und Verkehrs GmbH
- Stadtwerke Neumarkt
History of the association
The idea of a joint transport and tariff association in the Nuremberg / Fürth / Erlangen region based on the model of the Munich transport and tariff association and the Rhine-Ruhr transport association came up in the 1980s. A preliminary stage to the transport association was set up on January 28, 1978 with the transport association for the greater Nuremberg area. There was a transitional tariff for the local trains of the DB (then called N-Bahn ) on the four S-Bahn routes planned at the time to the Nuremberg U-Bahn . The first step towards its realization was the signing of the basic contract on December 19, 1986 by the mayors of the cities of Ansbach, Erlangen, Fürth, Nuremberg and Schwabach, the district administrators of the districts involved and the representatives of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Free State of Bavaria. The second step took place almost exactly one year later when the network came into effect on September 27, 1987, one day after the S-Bahn to Lauf (left of the Pegnitz) went into operation. At that time, the network area covered an area of 4,593 km² and extended to Ansbach, Neustadt an der Aisch , Forchheim , Neuhaus an der Pegnitz , Neukirchen near Sulzbach-Rosenberg , Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate and Weißenburg in Bavaria .
The network area was expanded in 1992, 1993 and 1996 through the integration of further communities in the districts of Ansbach, Forchheim, Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim and Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen. The largest expansion to date took place on June 1, 1997, when the mostly only partially integrated districts were completely included and the network area increased by 80% to 11,358 km². In 2005, the southern part of the Bayreuth district with Pegnitz was included in the network area, and in 2007 further communities in the Kitzingen and Donau-Ries districts were added. On January 1, 2010, the district and the city of Bamberg, the rest of the district and the city of Bayreuth and the communities in the Haßberge district on the railway line to Ebern were included in the association.
A few years ago there were plans to include the partially integrated district of Kitzingen completely in the VGN. Talks about integration into the VGN were held with the city of Weiden and the districts of Neustadt , Tirschenreuth , Wunsiedel and Eichstätt (northern part).
The district of Lichtenfels decided in mid-July 2014 to join the network area and has been part of the VGN since January 1, 2015. On January 1, 2018, the Haßberge district fully joined the VGN, which means that the network area has an area of 15,843 km².
Refusal to join the VGN
The district of Kulmbach decided on April 12, 2013 against joining on January 1, 2014, on April 22, 2013 the Kronach district decided against joining on January 1, 2014. The Lichtenfels district administrator Christian Meißner was upset because the railway company was agilis GmbH sent him a letter on June 27, 2013, in which membership on January 1, 2014 was rejected; the company already has experience with the VGN tariff. Agilis, proper name "agilis", operates in Upper Franconia the routes Coburg - Lichtenfels and Bamberg - Lichtenfels - Kulmbach - Hof Hbf. The news about the non-accession of the Lichtenfels district was not published by Agilis, but by the Lichtenfels district office.
- Transport association website
- Web presence of the GPV - Society of Private Transport Companies in VGN mbH
- on VGN.de: Verbundraumerweiterung Haßberge ( Memento of the original from December 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed December 16, 2017
- Lohss / Rupp: Verbundbericht 2016. Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg (VGN), 2017, accessed on July 2, 2018 .
- VAG-Mobil (Edition 2/2017) - Page 5: U3 is well received ( memento of the original from September 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Tickets on VGN.de
- Traffic Erlangen
- Erlangen traffic development plan, buses and trains - where do we have to go? ( Memento of the original from November 9, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Feedback on the top 10 citizen participation ( memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Peter Millian: Erlangen bus traffic could be improved immediately. nordbayern.de, September 29, 2014, accessed on November 5, 2014 .
- NN: shareholders. 2018, accessed on June 30, 2018 (German).
- Growth also in the future. March 19, 2009, accessed August 9, 2013 .
- Lichtenfels district as of January 1st, 2015 at the VGN. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on July 26, 2014 ; Retrieved July 16, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- VGN is expanded to include the Haßberge district. Bayerischer Rundfunk, January 11, 2018, archived from the original on June 14, 2018 .
- Accession of the Lichtenfels district to the Greater Nuremberg Transport Association (VGN). agilis GmbH cancels membership on 01/01/2014. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 22, 2014 ; accessed on February 11, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Hof does not join VGN. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on June 3, 2009 ; Retrieved September 18, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Coburg says "No" to the VGN. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013 ; Retrieved January 5, 2013 .
- district of Kulmbach does not join the VGN for the time being. Retrieved March 22, 2013 .