Amberg-Sulzbach district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Amberg-Sulzbach district Map of Germany, position of the district Amberg-Sulzbach highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 29 '  N , 11 ° 48'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Palatinate
Administrative headquarters : On the mountain
Area : 1,255.75 km 2
Residents: 103,049 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 82 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : AS, BUL , ESB , NAB , SUL
Circle key : 09 3 71
Circle structure: 27 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Schlossgraben 3
92224 Amberg
Website :
District Administrator : Richard Reisinger ( CSU )
Location of the district of Amberg-Sulzbach in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture

The district of Amberg-Sulzbach is located in the west of the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Palatinate . The independent city of Amberg is completely surrounded by the Amberg-Sulzbach district. The administrative district authority is the Amberg-Sulzbach district office . The district is a member of the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region .



The western district area to about Auerbach , Sulzbach-Rosenberg , Amberg and Schmidmühlen is determined by the Upper Palatinate Jura . To the northeast of it are Hahnbach , Hirschau , Schnaittenbach , Vilseck and Freihung in the Upper Palatinate hill country . There the border with the Grafenwöhr military training area forms the northern border of the district. Around the municipality of Freudenberg in the east rise the westernmost foothills of the Naab Mountains as part of the Bohemian mass .

Since the European main watershed crosses the district from southwest to north, Högenbach and Hirschbach drain the western Albrand into the Pegnitz . The rest of the district is part of the Naab catchment area . The Vils rises at Freihung, turns first a little to the north, then to the west and then flows to the south. It divides the district into roughly two equal parts. From the eastern Albtrauf it takes on the Rosenbach at Altmannshof and the Lauterach at Schmidmühlen . At Emhof the river finally leaves the district. After the Hohenfels military training area , the trout stream flows into the Vils before it reaches the Naab at Kallmünz . The Ehenbach and the Fensterbach flow directly into the Naab .

Neighboring areas

The district borders in a clockwise direction in the northwest on the districts of Bayreuth , Neustadt an der Waldnaab , Schwandorf , Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz and Nürnberger Land .


Regional courts

The area around Amberg has belonged to Bavaria or to the Wittelsbach lines Pfalz-Neuburg and Pfalz-Sulzbach since the 14th century . In 1803, the district courts of Amberg and Sulzbach were established in the area of ​​today's Amberg-Sulzbach district . From 1808 they belonged to the Regenkreis (capital Straubing, from 1810 Regensburg). In 1809, Amberg became a city in the immediate vicinity. In 1838 the Vilseck district court was also formed. All three regional courts then belonged to the Upper Palatinate .

District Offices

In 1862 the Amberg and Vilseck district courts were formed into the Amberg district office and the Sulzbach district office formed into the district office of the same name. After the town of Sulzbach was merged with the neighboring community of Rosenberg in 1934 and now had a double name, the district office was also renamed and was henceforth called the Sulzbach-Rosenberg district office.

On January 1, 1911, the municipality of Alfeld of the Sulzbach district office was reclassified to the Hersbruck district office.

On July 1, 1927, the district office of Amberg was expanded to include municipalities from the district office of Burglengenfeld.

On July 1, 1934, the town of Sulzbach was merged with the neighboring community of Rosenberg and now had a double name. As a result, the district office was renamed and was henceforth called the Sulzbach-Rosenberg district office.


On January 1, 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. The districts of Amberg and Sulzbach-Rosenberg became the district offices .

On January 1, 1963, the district of Amberg was enlarged to include communities from the district of Parsberg.

Amberg-Sulzbach district

During the regional reform in Bavaria on July 1, 1972, a new district of Amberg was formed from the following components :

  • All municipalities of the old district of Amberg with the exception of the municipalities of Ammersricht, Gailoh , Karmensölden and Raigering , which were incorporated into the independent city of Amberg
  • All municipalities of the dissolved Sulzbach-Rosenberg district
  • The Schmidmühlen market from the dissolved Burglengenfeld district
  • The city of Auerbach and the communities Degelsdorf, Gunzendorf, Michelfeld, Nasnitz , Nitzlbuch, Ranna and Ranzenthal from the dissolved district of Eschenbach in the Upper Palatinate
  • The municipality of Kemnath am Buchberg from the dissolved district of Nabburg
  • The Kastl market and the communities of Allersburg, Hausen, Pfaffenhofen, Ransbach, Thonhausen, Utzenhofen, Winkl and Wolfsfeld from the Neumarkt district in the Upper Palatinate
  • The community of Holzhammer from the Neustadt an der Waldnaab district

On May 1, 1973, the new district, the seat of which was the city ​​of Amberg, was given its current name "Amberg-Sulzbach district". The district office is housed in the former electoral palace in Amberg.

Population development

Population development in the district of Amberg-Sulzbach from 1840 to 2017 according to the table below

From 1988 to 2008 the district of Amberg-Sulzbach grew by almost 11,000 inhabitants or around 11%. Since 2002 the trend towards a high of approx. 109,000 inhabitants.

Between 1988 and 2018, the district grew from 95,398 to 103,109 by 7,711 inhabitants or 8.1%.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2017
Residents 48.391 54,489 65,977 91.111 89,767 95.118 94,617 101.140 105,596 108,899 108.159 105.180 103,568 102,836


District administrators

District council

District election 2014
2002 28 19th 8th 3 1 1 60
2008 26th 15th 10 3 3 3 60
2014 26th 14th 9 3 4th 4th 60

(As of: local elections of March 3, 2002, March 2, 2008 and March 16, 2014 )

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Amberg-Sulzbach district
Blazon : “Through a curled, lowered golden tip, a black mallet and a black hammer crossed at an angle, split by black and red; in front a left-turning, red crowned and red armored golden lion, behind three, two to one, silver lilies. "
Justification of the coat of arms: The golden lion is the Palatinate lion from the Amberg coat of arms, the three silver lilies in red come from the coat of arms of Sulzbach-Rosenberg, the miner's symbol refers to the iron ore mining and also to the coat of arms of the former municipality of Rosenberg which has been canceled.


A partnership with the Scottish Council Area Argyll and Bute ( Great Britain ) has existed since 1967 .

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016, the district of Amberg-Sulzbach was ranked 218 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.


The AG der Bayerischen Ostbahnen built its first connection from Nuremberg via Schwandorf to Regensburg through the Upper Palatinate industrial area around Amberg and Sulzbach-Rosenberg as early as 1859 . It was not until 1875 that the Neukirchen – Vilseck – Weiden branch was added.

The main line from Nuremberg to Bayreuth, opened soon afterwards by the Bavarian State Railways , in 1877, only touched the outermost foothills of the district in the west near Michelfeld. From 1903 a branch line to the mountain town of Auerbach branched off in Ranna .

The district town of Amberg was the starting point for three local railways in the area, which did not continue to a neighboring main line: 1898 to Schnaittenbach via Hirschau , 1903 to Lauterhofen via Kastl , and 1910 to Schmidmühlen via Ensdorf .

The network used by passenger trains now comprised 154 km of routes and has been reduced to 80 km over the years due to the closure of all local railways. However, the Amberg – Schnaittenbach route still plays a major role in the freight traffic of the kaolin works. The closed connections in detail:

1962: (Amberg–) Drahthammer – Kastl – Lauterhofen, 24 km
1966: Amberg – Drahthammer – Ensdorf – Schmidmühlen, 21 km
1970: Ranna – Auerbach, seven kilometers
1976: Amberg – Hirschau – Schnaittenbach, 22 km

Stops in local rail transport are the train stations in Neukirchen bei Sulzbach-Rosenberg, Sulzbach-Rosenberg, Sulzbach-Rosenberg-Hütte, Amberg on the Nürnberg-Schwandorf route and Neukirchen bei Sulzbach-Rosenberg, Vilseck, Freihung and Thansüß on the Nürnberg-Weiden route. The entire region is a member of the Greater Nuremberg Transport Association , and the Amberg stop is also connected to the Regensburg Transport Association .

The Amberg-Sulzbach region runs through the A6 motorway as a section of the main line from Paris to Prague. The last, open section between the Amberg-Ost junction and the Oberpfälzer Wald motorway junction was completed in September 2008 and thus continues the economic and traffic-related development that Emperor Charles IV had begun with the “ Golden Road ” in the 13th century . The federal highways B14 , B85 , B299 and B470, which intersect in the Amberg-Sulzbach region , are also of supraregional importance .


Auerbach in der Oberpfalz Königstein (Oberpfalz) Hirschbach (Oberpfalz) Etzelwang Weigendorf Birgland Kastl (Lauterachtal) Edelsfeld Edelsfeld Vilseck Neukirchen bei Sulzbach-Rosenberg Sulzbach-Rosenberg Eichen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Freihung Hirschau Gebenbach Schnaittenbach Hahnbach Illschwang Freudenberg (Oberpfalz) Ursensollen Ebermannsdorf Ensdorf (Oberpfalz) Kümmersbruck Rieden (Oberpfalz) Hohenburg Schmidmühlen Poppenricht Ammerthal Amberg Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Weiden in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neumarkt in der OberpfalzMunicipalities in AS.svg
About this picture

(Population figures as of December 31, 2019)


  1. Auerbach idOPf. (8781)
  2. Hirschau (5630)
  3. Schnaittenbach (4232)
  4. Sulzbach-Rosenberg (19,410)
  5. Vilseck (6306)


  1. Freihung (2466)
  2. Hahnbach (4886)
  3. Hohenburg (1532)
  4. Kastl (2502)
  5. Koenigstein (1717)
  6. Vineyards (2660)
  7. Schmidmühlen (2336)

Administrative communities

  1. Hahnbach
    ( Hahnbach market and municipalityhabenbach)
  2. Illschwang
    (communities Birgland and Illschwang)
  3. Königstein
    Königstein market and Hirschbach municipality)
  4. Neukirchen near Sulzbach-Rosenberg
    (municipalities Etzelwang, Neukirchen near Sulzbach-Rosenberg and Weigendorf)

Other communities

  1. Ammerthal (2092)
  2. Birgland (1797)
  3. Ebermannsdorf (2421)
  4. Edelsfeld (1937)
  5. Ensdorf (2066)
  6. Etzelwang (1402)
  7. Freudenberg (4138)
  8. Give Bach (891)
  9. Hirschbach (1189)
  10. Illschwang (1985)
  11. Kümmersbruck (9838)
  12. Neukirchen near Sulzbach-Rosenberg (2512)
  13. Poppenricht (3383)
  14. Ursensollen (3710)
  15. Weigendorf (1230)

Community-free area
(area in km², area uninhabited)

  1. Oak (2.78)


Protected areas

Pegnitzau nature reserve between Ranna and Michlfeld

The district has five nature reserves , 33 landscape protection areas , three protected landscape components , 19 FFH areas and at least 99 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (as of November 2016).

See also

Nature reserves

License Plate

On August 5, 1974, the district was assigned the AM that has been valid since July 1, 1956 for the Amberg district. On February 12, 1979, it was replaced by the distinctive symbol AS, which is still valid today .

Since July 12, 2013, the license plate liberalization means that the former distinctive signs BUL (formerly for Burglengenfeld ), ESB (formerly for Eschenbach in the Upper Palatinate ), NAB (formerly for Nabburg ) and SUL (formerly for Sulzbach-Rosenberg ) can be selected again, regardless of the keeper's actual place of residence in the district.


  • Ursula Pfistermeister: In the heart of the Upper Palatinate. The Amberg-Sulzbacher Land. Kunst- & Druck-Verlag Oberpfalz, Amberg 1998, ISBN 3-924350-51-5
  • Franz X. Bogner: City and district - Amberg and Sulzbach from the air. Battenberg-Verlag, Regenstauf 2019, ISBN 978-3-95587-066-9

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  3. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into rural districts and independent cities of December 27, 1971
  5. Entry on the coat of arms of the Amberg-Sulzbach district  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 4, 2017 .
  6. Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  7. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  8. Stamped out of the ground. In: Amberg-Sulzbacher-Land. Amberg-Sulzbach district, accessed on June 4, 2020 .
  9. Desired license plate number - In the district of Amberg-Sulzbach , District Office Amberg-Sulzbach