Würzburg district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Würzburg Map of Germany, position of the Würzburg district highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 40 '  N , 10 ° 0'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Franconia
Administrative headquarters : Wurzburg
Area : 968.4 km 2
Residents: 162,302 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 168 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : , OCH
Circle key : 09 6 79
Circle structure: 52 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Zeppelinstrasse 15
97074 Würzburg
Website : www.landkreis-wuerzburg.de
District Administrator : Thomas Eberth ( CSU )
Location of the district of Würzburg in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
Ochsenfurter Gau near Wolkshausen

The district of Würzburg is located in the south of the Bavarian administrative district of Lower Franconia and completely surrounds the independent city of Würzburg , which is the seat of the district office . The district is a member of the Regiopole region Mainfranken .



The district is traversed by the Main from southeast to northwest . It cut into a valley 100 to 150 m deep. North and west of Würzburg are mainly deciduous forest areas ( Gramschatzer Forest , Irtenberger Forest, Guttenberger Forest), east and south of Würzburg the Ochsenfurter Gau , a fertile, intensively agriculturally used landscape.

Neighboring areas

The district borders in a clockwise direction in the northwest with the districts Main-Spessart , Schweinfurt , Kitzingen and Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim (all in Bavaria) and the Main-Tauber district (in Baden-Württemberg ).


Regional courts

Before 1800, the area of ​​today's Würzburg district belonged mainly to the Würzburg monastery and became part of Bavaria in 1803. In 1804 the regional courts "Würzburg links des Main" in Ochsenfurt and "Würzburg right des Main" in Röttingen as well as the city court Würzburg were established. They all belonged to the Lower Main District , which was renamed "Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg" from 1838 and later " Lower Franconia ". In 1840 the district court of Röttingen was renamed after its official seat in Aub .

District Offices

The district office of Würzburg was formed in 1862 through the merger of the district courts of the older order Würzburg left of the Main and Würzburg right of the Main. The regional courts of Aub and Ochsenfurt were also merged to form the Ochsenfurt district office . The city of Würzburg had been a district immediate since 1814 .

On the occasion of the reform of the layout of the Bavarian district offices, the district office of Würzburg received the municipality of Geroldshausen from the district office of Ochsenfurt on January 1, 1880 .

On January 1, 1930, the district office ceded the Heidingsfeld community to the city of Würzburg.


On January 1, 1939, the designation district was introduced as everywhere else in the German Reich . The district offices became the districts of Ochsenfurt and Würzburg.

Würzburg district

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the district of Würzburg, the district of Ochsenfurt , eight communities of the district of Marktheidenfeld , five communities of the district of Karlstadt , the communities of Dipbach , Oberpleichfeld and Prosselsheim of the district of Kitzingen and the communities of Obereisenheim and Untereisenheim of the district were incorporated on July 1, 1972 Gerolzhofen united to form the new district of Würzburg. The district seat remained the independent city of Würzburg.

On January 1, 1974, the district ceded the Rottenbauer community to the independent city of Würzburg, on July 1, 1976, Oberdürrbach and Unterdürrbach, and on January 1, 1978, the communities of Lengfeld and Versbach . On May 1, 1978, the district also gave the community of Gnodstadt to the district of Kitzingen, which was incorporated into Marktbreit there .

Population development

From 1988 to 2008, the Würzburg district grew by around 20,000 inhabitants or around 14%. Since then the population has changed little. In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population of the district rose from 140,334 to 161,834 by 21,500 inhabitants or 15.3%.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Residents 60,974 69,625 83,846 114.059 108.126 121,665 138,261 146,439 154.275 158.919 159,978 159,788 160,427


District election 2020
Turnout: 68.61%
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-5.07  % p
+ 7.32  % p.p.
+1.60  % p
-8.78  % p
+ 4.52  % p.p.
+ 0.73  % p
-0.24  % p
+ 2.17  % p.p.

District Administrator

District council

The allocation of seats in the district council since 2002
Political party 2020 2014 2008 2002
CSU 27 30th 29 34
SPD 9 16 17th 19th
UWG-FW 11 10 11 7th
FDP 2 1 2 1
GREEN 14th 9 7th 5
ÖDP 2 2 2 2
REP 0 2 2 2
AfD 3 0 0 0
The left 2 0 0 0
Total seats 70 70 70 70

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the district of Würzburg
Blazon : “Divided and split below; above three silver tips in red, below in front in silver two striding, looking red-armored black lions; in the back a golden lily in blue. "
Foundation of the coat of arms: Since the district reform in 1972, the district of Würzburg has consisted of the old districts of Würzburg and Ochsenfurt, plus smaller parts of the earlier, now defunct districts of Gerolzhofen, Karlstadt and Marktheidenfeld and the predecessor of the current district of Kitzingen. The coat of arms refers to the most important rulers in the district before the end of the Old Kingdom in 1803. The three silver tips come from the coat of arms of the Würzburg bishopric, which ruled most of the district. The offices of Ochsenfurt, Röttingen, Bütthard and Aub belonged to him. The tips (the " Franconian rake ") were also part of the coats of arms of the Altland districts of Würzburg and Ochsenfurt. The lions come from the coat of arms of the Counts of Limpurg-Speckfeld, from 1412 Hohenlohe-Speckfeld; they had rulership rights in the area of ​​the Altlandkreis Ochsenfurt. The lily was taken from the coat of arms of the St. Burkardus-Stift in Würzburg, which also had rulership rights in the district. The lily was also part of the old district coat of arms (see below).

The coat of arms was awarded on December 19, 1974.

Old county coat of arms
Old Würzburg district coat of arms from 1957 to 1974
Blazon : "Divided, split at the bottom, three silver tips in red at the top, a moor with a green loincloth and a bouquet of three red roses in gold at the bottom, a silver heraldic lily in blue at the back."
Justification of the coat of arms: The divided coat of arms shows the so-called "Franconian rake" above. In the split lower part of the coat of arms the Mohr with three red roses from the coat of arms of Count Wolffskeel von Reichenberg can be seen in front, the lily on the back indicates the knightly monastery of St. Burghard in Würzburg. Both the counts and the monks owned substantial parts of the county area.

The coat of arms was awarded on January 16, 1957.

District partnerships

The district maintains partnerships with the Mateh Jehuda district in Israel and the Olomouc district in the Czech Republic .

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Würzburg was ranked 73rd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the places with "high future opportunities".



Würzburg is significant as a junction of the main railway lines beyond Bavaria. The first line was brought in from Bamberg via Schweinfurt as early as 1854 by the state-run Ludwigs-West-Bahn and further down the Main as the Main-Spessart-Bahn to Gemünden-Aschaffenburg, which is now known as the Royal Bavarian State Railways . Ten years later, the line to Ochsenfurt – Ansbach – Treuchtlingen was opened in 1864. In the following year, 1865, the direct connection to Nuremberg was completed and in 1866 the Franconian Railway via Lauda to Stuttgart was also available.

After the turn of the century, three state local railways opened up the rural areas in the surrounding area with routes 43 km in length in today's district: In 1907 the 33-kilometer Gaubahn was opened from Ochsenfurt via Bieberehren to Weikersheim, and in 1909 in Bieberehren a branch via Reinsbronn to Creglingen, four kilometers away received. Also in 1909, operations began on the branch line from Seligenstadt via Untereisenheimn to Volkach ( Mainschleifenbahn ), the length of which was 6 km. Scheduled passenger traffic was discontinued in 1967 between Bieberehren and Creglingen, in 1968 between Seligenstadt and Volkach and in 1974 between Ochsenfurt and Weikersheim. Freight traffic was also stopped later. While the Gaubahn is dismantled, the Mainschleifenbahn is used for tourism.

After that, a network of main lines 106 km in length remained in operation. In 1988 the Deutsche Bundesbahn shortened the Würzburg – Fulda connection with a new line, since then the old line has only been used for local and freight traffic.

Road traffic

The federal motorway 3 opens up the district of Würzburg in a west-east direction. At the Würzburg-West motorway triangle , the federal motorway 81 branches off to the south. The federal highway 7 crosses the north- east of the district in a north-south direction.

In the future, according to plans, the four-lane motorway-like federal highway 26n will lead from the Helmstadt junction of the A3 via Karlstadt and Arnstein to the Schweinfurt / Werneck motorway junction on the A7 and the federal motorway 70 , in order to connect the Main-Spessart district and at the same time to provide through traffic within the city of Würzburg relieve. The section from the Schweinfurt / Werneck motorway junction to Karlstadt is in urgent need. Planning rights already exist for the rest of the section up to A3.


(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Aub (1447)
  2. Eibelstadt (3065)
  3. Ochsenfurt (11,296)
  4. Röttingen (1668)


  1. Butthard (1305)
  2. Eisenheim (1334)
  3. Frickenhausen am Main (1244)
  4. Gelchsheim (812)
  5. Giebelstadt (5538)
  6. Helmstadt (2702)
  7. Hoechberg (9503)
  8. Neubrunn (2304)
  9. Randersacker (3402)
  10. Reichenberg (4115)
  11. Remlingen (1505)
  12. Rimpar (7653)
  13. Sommerhausen (1897)
  14. Winterhausen (1367)
  15. Zell am Main (4428)

Community-free areas
(55.16 km², uninhabited)

  1. Gramschatzer Forest (22.27 km²)
  2. Guttenberger Forest (18.07 km²)
  3. Irtenberger Forest (14.82 km²)

Other communities

  1. Altertheim (1988)
  2. Bergtheim (3815)
  3. Bieberehren (909)
  4. Eisingen (3398)
  5. Erlabrunn (1792)
  6. Estenfeld (5239)
  7. Gaukönigshofen (2461)
  8. Gerbrunn (6492)
  9. Geroldshausen (1337)
  10. Greussenheim (1584)
  11. Güntersleben (4481)
  12. Hausen near Würzburg (2451)
  13. Hettstadt (3625)
  14. Wooden Churches (950)
  15. Kirchheim (2126)
  16. Box (2648)
  17. Small cattle field (2099)
  18. Kürnach (4767)
  19. Leinach (3123)
  20. Margetshöchheim (3133)
  21. Oberpleichfeld (1126)
  22. Prosselsheim (1177)
  23. Riedenheim (702)
  24. Rottendorf (5340)
  25. Sonderhofen (832)
  26. Tauberrettersheim (866)
  27. Theilheim (2371)
  28. Thüngersheim (2704)
  29. Uettingen (1861)
  30. Unterpleichfeld (3038)
  31. Veitshochheim (9525)
  32. Waldbrunn (2852)
  33. Waldbüttelbrunn (4905)

Administrative communities

  1. Aub
    (City of Aub, Markt Gelchsheim and municipality of Sonderhofen)
  2. Bergtheim
    (municipalities of Bergtheim and Oberpleichfeld)
  3. Eibelstadt
    (city of Eibelstadt, markets in Frickenhausen a.Main, Sommerhausen and Winterhausen)
  4. Estenfeld
    (Markt Eisenheim, communities Estenfeld and Prosselsheim)
  5. Giebelstadt
    (Bütthard and Giebelstadt markets)
  6. Helmstadt
    (Markets Helmstadt and Remlingen, communities Holzkirchen and Uettingen)
  7. Hettstadt
    (communities Greußenheim and Hettstadt)
  8. Kirchheim
    (municipalities of Geroldshausen and Kirchheim)
  9. Kist
    (municipalities of Altertheim and Kist)
  10. Margetshöchheim
    (municipalities Erlabrunn and Margetshöchheim)
  11. Röttingen
    (City of Röttingen, communities Bieberehren, Riedenheim and Tauberrettersheim)
Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Baden-Württemberg Irtenberger Wald Irtenberger Wald Guttenberger Wald Guttenberger Wald Gramschatzer Wald Würzburg Winterhausen Uettingen Sommerhausen Remlingen (Unterfranken) Reichenberg (Unterfranken) Altertheim Zell am Main Waldbüttelbrunn Waldbrunn (Unterfranken) Veitshöchheim Unterpleichfeld Leinach Thüngersheim Theilheim Tauberrettersheim Sonderhofen Rottendorf Röttingen Riedenheim Randersacker Prosselsheim Ochsenfurt Oberpleichfeld Eisenheim Neubrunn (Unterfranken) Margetshöchheim Kürnach Kleinrinderfeld Kist Kirchheim (Unterfranken) Holzkirchen (Unterfranken) Höchberg Hettstadt Helmstadt Hausen bei Würzburg Güntersleben Greußenheim Giebelstadt Geroldshausen Gerbrunn Gelchsheim Gaukönigshofen Frickenhausen am Main Estenfeld Erlabrunn Eisingen (Bayern) Eibelstadt Bütthard Bieberehren Bergtheim Aub Landkreis Ansbach RimparMunicipalities in WÜ.svg
About this picture

Municipalities of the district before the territorial reform 1971/78

Before the regional reform, the Würzburg district had 45 municipalities (see list below). (The churches that still exist today are written in bold ):

former parish today's parish today's district
Albertshausen Reichenberg Würzburg district
Bergtheim Bergtheim Würzburg district
Burggrumbach Unterpleichfeld Würzburg district
Eisingen Eisingen Würzburg district
Erlabrunn Erlabrunn Würzburg district
Estenfeld Estenfeld Würzburg district
Gerbrunn Gerbrunn Würzburg district
Geroldshausen Geroldshausen Würzburg district
Greussenheim Greussenheim Würzburg district
Güntersleben Güntersleben Würzburg district
Hettstadt Hettstadt Würzburg district
Hilpertshausen Unterpleichfeld Würzburg district
Hoechberg Hoechberg Würzburg district
Kirchheim Kirchheim Würzburg district
Box Box Würzburg district
Small cattle field Small cattle field Würzburg district
Kürnach Kürnach Würzburg district
Lengfeld Wurzburg Independent city of Würzburg
Lindflur Reichenberg Würzburg district
Maidbronn Rimpar Würzburg district
Margetshöchheim Margetshöchheim Würzburg district
moss Geroldshausen Würzburg district
Mulhouse Estenfeld Würzburg district
Oberaltertheim Altertheim Würzburg district
Oberdürrbach Wurzburg Independent city of Würzburg
Oberleinach Leinach Würzburg district
Randersacker Randersacker Würzburg district
Reichenberg Reichenberg Würzburg district
Rimpar Rimpar Würzburg district
Rossbrunn Waldbüttelbrunn Würzburg district
Rottenbauer Wurzburg Independent city of Würzburg
Rottendorf Rottendorf Würzburg district
Steinbach Altertheim Würzburg district
Theilheim Theilheim Würzburg district
Thüngersheim Thüngersheim Würzburg district
Uengershausen Reichenberg Würzburg district
Unteraltertheim Altertheim Würzburg district
Unterdürrbach Wurzburg Independent city of Würzburg
Unterleinach Leinach Würzburg district
Unterpleichfeld Unterpleichfeld Würzburg district
Veitshochheim Veitshochheim Würzburg district
Versbach Wurzburg Independent city of Würzburg
Waldbrunn Waldbrunn Würzburg district
Waldbüttelbrunn Waldbüttelbrunn Würzburg district
Zell am Main Zell am Main Würzburg district

Protected areas

There are 18 nature reserves , eight landscape protection areas , twelve geotopes and 14 designated FFH areas in the district . (As of March 2016).

See also:

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.

Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old district of Ochsenfurt received license plates with the letter pairs HA to JZ, MA to MZ and ZA to ZZ and the numbers from 1 to 99 and also with the letters J and Z and the numbers from 1000 to 9999.

Since July 10, 2013, the license plate liberalization has also resulted in the OCH (Ochsenfurt) distinguishing mark .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Würzburg  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 596 .
  3. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  4. http://www.wahlen.bayern.de/biz/kowa2014.php?schluessel=679
  5. Entry on the coat of arms of the Würzburg district  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 5, 2017 .
  6. Würzburg district. In: Internet portal Historisches Unterfranken. District of Lower Franconia , accessed on January 8, 2011 .
  7. [1] - Life in the district. Accessed August 12, 2020.
  8. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  9. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  10. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. wuerzburg.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).