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Rimpar market
Maidbronn coat of arms
Coordinates: 49 ° 50 ′ 49 ″  N , 9 ° 58 ′ 16 ″  E
Height : 245 m
Residents : 1032  (December 31, 2012)
Incorporation : May 1, 1978
Postal code : 97222
Area code : 09365

Maidbronn is a church village in the district of Würzburg and a part of the municipality and a district of the Rimpar market .


Maidbronn is about seven kilometers north of Würzburg in the Pleichach valley at about 250  m above sea level. NN south of Maidbronner and Gramschatzer forest. The original town center and the former monastery complex nestle in a loop of the Pleichach around the Mühlenberg.

The district of the former municipality of Maidbronn lies in the middle of the Maindreieck (Mainfranken) and borders on the Franconian plate, a flat and fertile strip of land between the eastern district boundary from Maidbronn to Schweinfurt. In the rain shadow of the surrounding low mountain range Rhön (in the north), Spessart (in the west), Odenwald (in the south-west) and Steigerwald (in the south-east), the mean temperature and the number of hours of sunshine are above average, and the precipitation is often below 600 mm per Year.

District Maidbronn and Maidbronner Wald

The federal autobahn A7 essentially limits the districts on the eastern border. To the south, the district boundary runs along the ridge, over height 304 between Estenfeld and Maidbronn, past the Versbacher Breitholz (Eichig), to the three-mark Rimpar-Versbach-Maidbronn. From then on, the western boundary runs below the commercial area in Rimpar to the Pleichach. From there the border runs to the northern end of the district near the Rimpar-Burggrumbach district road.

Part of the boundary goes back to the description of the mark by Charlemagne .

Flora and fauna

In the Franconian Platte, as shown above from the boundary between Maidbronn and Mühlhausen, the strictly protected Montagu's Harrier can be found occasionally. In the surrounding fields there are numerous hamsters (Cricetus criteus L.), on the stony slopes the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis L.). Several species of bats hunt in the Maidbronn and Gramschatzer forests and also like to use their temporary living quarters. These species are all protected by Annex IV of the Habitats Directive (Fauna-Flora-Habitat), ie the species protection regulations of the Federal Nature Conservation Act and the Habitats Directive must be applied to all measures in the habitat of these animal species.


Maidbronn, formerly also Meidebrunnen (Etzelhusen, Etzelnhusen, Bergherbrunnen, Bergerebrunne). 1169 first written mention of the place Ezzelshausen by Otto von Ezelenhusen. In 1232, Bishop Hermann I von Lobdeburg founded the Cistercian monastery Fons Virginis Sanctae Mariae at a place called Bergherbrunnen. As early as 1235, the Würzburg bishop had given the village (villa) Ezelenhusen to the monastery for a move to a more cozy area. Down below, in the Etzelhausen valley, there was plenty of water and forest available. Etzelhausen, to which an Etzilo gave its name in the second half of the 8th century, was in 1235 fiefdom of Boppo Count von Henneberg. Before Bishop Hermann could relocate the Cistercian Sisters to the new location, Boppo von Henneberg had to give the fiefdom back to the Würzburg bishop. In the document issued on August 1, 1235, the monastery already bore the German name Meidebrunnen (Fountain of the Virgin or Maid Maria). The Etzilo's houses had become Maidbronn.

The railway newspaper No. 25 Stuttgart, June 22, 1845 reported on construction plans for the western line from Bamberg to Würzburg and Aschaffenburg: The western line is being built entirely on the right bank of the Main. It goes from Bamberg in the very broad valley to the other side of Schweinfurt, and only requires corrections of the Main in a few places. Below Schweinfurt near the village of Wipfeld, it rises with a not insignificant gradient over the ridge and goes over Pleichfeld and Maidbrunn to Würzburg. In the end nothing came of that, and so only the district road WÜ 8 leads from Rimpar via Maidbronn to the connection to the B19 towards Würzburg.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Maidbronn was practically only connected to the public road network via dirt roads. On April 20, 1905, the 21 community citizens present at the community meeting began to raise an annuity capital of 3,000 marks to cover the costs to be borne by the Maidbronn community when taking over the Rimpar, Maidbronn and Estenfeld route (current district road WÜ 8).

Maidbronn grew from 236 inhabitants in 1860 to 436 inhabitants in 1939. Only after the currency reform in 1948 did a greater upward trend become evident. Then the community of Maidbronn grew again by leaps and bounds from 705 inhabitants in 1968 to 907 inhabitants in 1977. On June 30, 2007, 1012 inhabitants had their main or secondary residence in Maidbronn.

The development of the community of Maidbronn went hand in hand with the population development under the aegis of Mayor Albin Jörg:

  • 1960 - Construction of the local sewer system with expansion of the local road network
  • 1963 - Construction of the morgue
  • 1969/70 - Cemetery design and expansion
  • 1971 - Sports field construction
  • 1977 - New development area Kleines Flürlein

On May 1, 1978, the approximately 510 hectare community Maidbronn, which only had the place Maidbronn, was incorporated into the Rimpar market .

  • 1978/79 - Construction of the multi-purpose hall
  • 1991 - Dedication of the St. Afra Kindergarten in Maidbronn in the building of the old school (see below monuments / former school building)
  • 2001 - Expansion of the sports facility by a soccer field
  • 2003 - Inauguration of the newly dedicated fire station and youth center
  • 2010 - On August 10th, the Bachrundweg was opened as a cycle path . The Bachrundweg offers a rest area in Maidbronn on the premises of the model pond farm in the Lower Franconia district. From there, along with the cultural trail, it leads past the former Maidbronn monastery.
  • 2010 - On September 18, the Gramschatzer Wald 1 cultural trail was opened as a hiking trail . The cultural path of the Archaeological Spessart Project is particularly dedicated to the former Maidbronn Monastery and the Maidbronn Riemenschneider Altar and shows interesting details on the spot on picture panels

Maidbronn Monastery

The Riemenschneider Altar

See main article Maidbronn Monastery .

The Cistercian convent, which existed from 1232 to 1581, has been partially preserved. The church contains a stone relief of the Lamentation of Christ , an important late work by Tilman Riemenschneider , created around 1519 to 1522.

Architectural monuments in Maidbronn

See: List of architectural monuments in Maidbronn

Club life

  • SV Maidbronn
  • AMC Maidbronn
  • Maidbronn Farmers' Association
  • BUND local group Rimpar
  • DPSG Scouts Maidbronn
  • Field jury Maidbronn
  • Maidbronn Volunteer Fire Brigade
  • Maidbronn Volunteer Fire Brigade V.
  • Maidbronn Choral Society
  • KAB Maidbronn
  • Catholic Women's Association Maidbronn
  • Catholic Parish Council Maidbronn
  • Kindergarten St. Afra eV
  • Parents' council Kindergarten St. Afra e. V.
  • Maidbronn music band
  • Maidbronn Seniors Club

Hiking and biking trails

  • Franconian Marienweg
  • Rotkreuz hiking trail, from Würzburg via Maidbronn and the forest house Einsiedel (new since 2007 with high ropes course and forest adventure center) to Retzbach.
  • Cultural path Gramschatzer Wald 1 of the Archaeological Spessart Project eV
  • Main-Werra cycle path and Bachrundweg (cycle path).

Sons and daughters of the place

Web links

Commons : Maidbronn  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. according to the local chronicle, edited by Christian Will and Werner Siegler
  2. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 906 ( digitized version ).
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 756 .