District of Eichstätt

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Eichstätt district Map of Germany, position of the Eichstätt district highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 54 '  N , 11 ° 22'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
Administrative headquarters : Eichstatt
Area : 1,214.06 km 2
Residents: 132,881 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 109 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : EGG
Circle key : 09 1 76
Circle structure: 30 parishes
Address of the
district administration:
Residenzplatz 1
85072 Eichstätt
Website : www.landkreis-eichstaett.de
District Administrator : Alexander Anetsberger ( CSU )
Location of the Eichstätt district in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
At the Altmühl in Eichstätt

The Eichstätt district is the northernmost district of the Upper Bavaria administrative district and belongs to the Ingolstadt planning region .



The area of ​​the district of Eichstätt essentially comprises the Eichstätter Alb in the southern Franconian Alb with the core area of ​​the Altmühltal . The Altmühl reaches the district in the west near Solnhofen , then flows through it in an easterly, later in a north-easterly direction, and leaves it again east of Beilngries . In the extreme south the Danube grazes , in the northeast the Main-Danube Canal briefly touches the district area. This makes the Eichstätt district the only one in Upper Bavaria that is mostly or almost exclusively north of the Danube. In the district is close to the market Kipfenberg the geographic center of the State of Bavaria .

Neighboring areas

The district borders clockwise in the north, starting with the districts of Roth , Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz , Kelheim and Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm , the independent city of Ingolstadt and the districts of Neuburg-Schrobenhausen , Donau-Ries and Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen .

Protected areas

There are eight nature reserves , one landscape protection area , ten FFH areas and at least 85 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment in the district . (As of August 2016)

See also


Regional courts

Before 1800 the area of ​​the district of Eichstätt belonged to the Hochstift Eichstätt , the southern part belonged to Bavaria early on. In 1803 the district court of Ingolstadt was established. After the incorporation of the Hochstift Eichstätt into the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1806, the regional courts of Eichstätt and Kipfenberg were established. From 1808 all three regional courts belonged to the Altmühlkreis , whose capital was Eichstätt. In 1809 Eichstätt and Ingolstadt became urban districts . After the dissolution of the Altmühlkreis in 1810, the three regional courts belonged to the Oberdonaukreis , the capital of which was initially Eichstätt and from 1817 Augsburg . From 1817 to 1833, the Eichstätt and Kipfenberg regional courts belonged to the Principality of Eichstätt within Bavaria as rulership courts . After the reorganization in 1838, the two regional courts Eichstätt and Kipfenberg belonged to the district of Middle Franconia , the regional court of Ingolstadt to the district of Upper Bavaria .

District Offices

The Eichstätt district office was formed in 1862 through the merger of the older district courts Eichstätt and Kipfenberg. The Ingolstadt district office followed the Ingolstadt district court of the same area. The Ingolstadt district office underwent a change in 1880 when it had to hand over ten municipalities to the Neuburg adDonau district office.


On January 1, 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. Thus the district offices became the districts of Eichstätt and Ingolstadt. On April 1, 1940, the city of Eichstätt was incorporated into the Eichstätt district, which was reversed on April 1, 1948. On April 1, 1951, the district of Eichstätt was enlarged to include the municipality of Sornhüll in the district of Hilpoltstein .

District of Eichstätt

During the regional reform in Bavaria , the district of Eichstätt was significantly enlarged on July 1, 1972. New to the district came

The new district of Eichstätt was assigned to the administrative district of Upper Bavaria , to which the communities that had been added from the districts of Ingolstadt and Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm already belonged. The expiring license plate of the Altlandkreis Eichstätt used since 1956 was EIH.

On May 1, 1978, the Ensfeld community moved from the Donau-Ries district to the Eichstätt district and was incorporated into Mörnsheim .

During the COVID-19 pandemic , a provisional central test station for the entire district was set up in Eichstätt from the end of March 2020.

Population development

The district of Eichstätt gained over 25,500 inhabitants between 1988 and 2008 or grew by approx. 26%. Between 1988 and 2018 the district grew from 99,290 to 132,341 by 33,051 inhabitants or 33.3%.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Residents 49.113 57,539 62.179 84.045 77,693 85,585 97,347 106,438 112,844 119,561 123.233 125.015 128,805

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Eichstätt district was ranked 26th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with “very high future prospects”.

Economic structure

In October 2017, the unemployment rate in the Eichstätt district was 1.3%. The district thus had the lowest unemployment rate in the Federal Republic of Germany. Eichstätt also has the lowest unemployment rate of any regional authority in the European Union . For years there has been a high density of employees subject to social security contributions in the district, which means that the region has had full employment for years .

This full employment also means that the district has the lowest rate of debtors at 3.71%.

The district town of Eichstätt has had an unemployment rate in some cases below 1% or slightly above since 2008, making it the “most productive German district town”. The economic growth of the city of Eichstätt is estimated at around 7.0% and is thus well above the national average.

The economic structure is mostly from industry (Eichstätt / Ingolstadt), but also from services (in the district town of Eichstätt there are large authorities, e.g. the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt or the diocese of Eichstätt) as well as the focus within the five Bavarian ones Major centers (distances from Eichstätt) Munich (101 km), Nuremberg (82 km), Ansbach (78 km), Augsburg (77 km), Regensburg (98 km) and Ingolstadt (25 km). The rural areas also have enough jobs thanks to renewable energies and increasingly better rural structures.

Another important industry is tourism. The district lies in the middle of the "Altmühltal Nature Park" with the district town of Eichstätt as its center.

While Eichstätt is more of the administrative center, the communities around Ingolstadt, such as B. Gaimersheim, a higher industrial share. In addition, Beilngries, as the center of the Middle Altmühltal, is both a tourist center, but also has some metal processing companies in the city and thus represents another economic center that also has an impact on the neighboring districts of Neumarkt and Kelheim .



The A 9 motorway running from Nuremberg to Ingolstadt crosses the district in a north-south direction. In the west, the federal highway 13 coming from Weißenburg leads via Eichstätt to Ingolstadt. In the east of the district the federal road 299 runs from Neumarkt via Beilngries to Neustadt an der Donau .


The district-free city of Ingolstadt, which is adjacent to the district, is an important railway junction. Here the north-south route Nuremberg – Treuchtlingen – Munich, opened in 1867 by the Bavarian State Railway to Ingolstadt and completed in 1870, crosses with the Regensburg –Ingolstadt– Donauwörth line, which has been in the Danube valley since 1874 .

In addition, there was the connection to Augsburg in 1875 and in 1903/04 the local railway to Riedenburg, which began in Ingolstadt's north station .

The city of Eichstätt has been connected to the Treuchtlinger Hauptbahn since 1885 by a branch line that was narrow-gauge until 1934 , which from 1898 onwards continued down the Altmühltal to Kipfenberg and in 1929/30 in Beilngries was connected to the railway that came there from Neumarkt in 1888; this was extended to Dietfurt in 1909.

From 1916 the Dollnstein – Rennertshofen branch line ran from Dollnstein in the Altmühltal on the Treuchtlingen – Ingolstadt line via Wellheim to Rennertshofen an der Donau, which was also used as a tourist railway at times.

The majority of these local railway lines - 95 km - were shut down between 1954 and 1987:

  • 1954: Kipfenberg - Kinding - Beilngries 17 km
  • 1960: Eichstätt town - Kipfenberg 24 km
  • 1960: Dollnstein - Wellheim - Rennertshofen 11 km
  • 1966: Beilngries - Kottingwörth - Dietfurt 6 km
  • 1972: Ingolstadt North - Dolling - Riedenburg 35 km
  • 1987: Neumarkt - Beilngries 30 km
  • 2009: Neumarkt - Bögl-Werke Sengenthal 7 km

As a result, the rail network has shrunk from a length of 164 km by more than half to 69 km.

In 2006 the high-speed line Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich was opened. Since then, the Munich-Nuremberg Express has been running to the Kinding (Altmühltal) stop every two hours.

Culture and sights

Stone crosses

There are numerous stone crosses in the district , most of which are also listed as architectural monuments .


District election 2020
Turnout: 66.61% (2014: 64.5%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-9.89  % p
-2.02  % p
-5.24  % p
+ 3.86  % p
+ 6.53  % p
+ 4.94  % p.p.
-0.04  % p
+1.89  % p
+1.76  % p

District administrators

District council - distribution of seats

year CSU SPD FUW / FW GREEN ödp FDP left JFW JU total
2002 34 13 9 2 2 0 0 0 0 60
2008 31 11 12 3 2 1 0 0 0 60
2014 30th 11 12 3 3 1 0 0 0 60
2020 24 8th 11 6th 2 1 1 3 4th 60

Mayor of the municipalities

  • CSU 14 mayor
  • FW 7 mayor
  • SPD 5 mayor
  • independent 4 mayors

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the district
Blazon : “Above the shield base with the Bavarian diamonds in gold, a red stake covered with a growing silver bishop's staff; in front a red torch on a black pipe, behind a vertical black stag pole. "


(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Beilngries (9867)
  2. Eichstätt , large district town , university town (13,377)


  1. Altmannstein (7076)
  2. Dollnstein (2854)
  3. Gaimersheim (12,182)
  4. Kinding (2506)
  5. Kipfenberg (5868)
  6. Koesching (9808)
  7. Mörnsheim (1563)
  8. Nassenfels (2242)
  9. Pförring (3849)
  10. Titting (2663)
  11. Wellheim (2690)

Administrative communities

  1. Eichstätt with the member communities Pollenfeld, Schernfeld and Walting (seat: Eichstätt)
  2. Eitensheim with the member communities Böhmfeld and Eitensheim
  3. Nassenfels with the member communities Adelschlag, Egweil and Nassenfels (market)
  4. Pförring with the member communities Mindelstetten and Oberdolling and Pförring (market)

Other communities

  1. Adelschlag (3020)
  2. Bohmfeld (1684)
  3. Buxheim (3655)
  4. Denkendorf (4922)
  5. Egweil (1178)
  6. Eitensheim (3055)
  7. Grossmehring (7278)
  8. Hepberg (2924)
  9. Hitzhofen (2947)
  10. Lenting (4947)
  11. Mindelstetten (1680)
  12. Oberdolling (1295)
  13. Pollen field (2984)
  14. Schernfeld (3272)
  15. Stammham (4063)
  16. Walting (2327)
  17. Wettstetten (5105)

Community-free area

  1. Haunstetter Forest (5.42 km²)
Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Roth Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Ingolstadt Haunstetter Forst Adelschlag Altmannstein Beilngries Böhmfeld Buxheim (Oberbayern) Denkendorf (Oberbayern) Dollnstein Egweil Eichstätt Eitensheim Gaimersheim Großmehring Hepberg Hitzhofen Kinding Kipfenberg Kösching Lenting Mindelstetten Mörnsheim Nassenfels Oberdolling Pollenfeld Pförring Schernfeld Stammham (bei Ingolstadt) Titting Walting Wellheim WettstettenMunicipalities in EI.svg
About this picture

Municipalities of the district before the territorial reform 1971/78

In the north, the Middle Franconian district of Eichstätt bordered the district of Hilpoltstein , in the northeast on the district of Beilngries , in the east on the district of Riedenburg , in the southeast on the district of Ingolstadt , in the south on the district of Neuburg an der Donau , in the south-west on the district of Donauwörth and in the northwest to the district of Weißenburg in Bavaria . The city of Eichstätt was independent.

Before the territorial reform in 1971/78, the Eichstätt district had 77 municipalities (see list below). Until 1951 it was one less: the municipality of Sornhüll , which was only founded in 1950, moved to the Eichstätt district in 1951. Before that, their area was part of the municipality of Altdorf in the Hilpoltstein district .

The communities of the Eichstätt district before the community reform in the 1970s (communities that still exist today are written in bold ):

Former parish Today's church
Nobility strike Nobility strike
Altendorf Mörnsheim
Arnsberg Kipfenberg
Attenzell Kipfenberg
Badanhausen Kinding
Biberg Kipfenberg
Biesenhard Wellheim
Bitch Denkendorf
Bohmfeld Bohmfeld
Boehming Kipfenberg
Breitenfurt Dollnstein
book Kipfenberg
Beech cover Eichstatt
Buxheim Buxheim
Denkendorf Denkendorf
Dollnstein (market) Dollnstein
Dörndorf Denkendorf
Dunsdorf Kipfenberg
Eberswang Dollnstein
Egweil Egweil
Enkering Kinding
Erlingshofen Kinding
Gammersfeld Wellheim
Gelbelsee Denkendorf
Grösdorf Kipfenberg
Gungolding Walting
Hard Wellheim
Haunsfeld Mörnsheim
Haunstetten Kinding
Hirnstetten Kipfenberg
Hitzhofen Hitzhofen
Hofstetten Hitzhofen
Inching Walting
Irfersdorf Beilngries
Irlahüll Kipfenberg
Kinding (market) Kinding
Kipfenberg (market) Kipfenberg
Konstein Wellheim
Landershofen Eichstatt
Lippertshofen Gaimersheim
Marienstein Eichstatt
Mileshofen Nassenfels
Möckenlohe Nobility strike
Mörnsheim (market) Mörnsheim
Muhlheim Mörnsheim
Nassenfels (market) Nassenfels
Obreichstätt Dollnstein
Oberemmendorf Kipfenberg
Oberzell Hitzhofen
Oxfield Nobility strike
Stake village Kipfenberg
Pfalzpaint Walting
Puddle Walting
Pietenfeld Nobility strike
Pollen field Pollen field
Preith Pollen field
Rapperszell Walting
Rieshofen Walting
Sappenfeld Schernfeld
Schelldorf Kipfenberg
Schernfeld Schernfeld
Schönau Schernfeld
Schönbrunn Denkendorf
Schönfeld Schernfeld
Seuversholz Pollen field
Sornhüll Pollen field
Tauberfeld Buxheim
Unteremmendorf Kinding
Guard cell Pollen field
Walting Walting
Wasserzell Eichstatt
Weigersdorf Pollen field
Wellheim (market) Wellheim
Wintershof Eichstatt
Wolkertshofen Nassenfels
Workerszell Schernfeld
Zandt Denkendorf

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign EIH when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . On February 12, 1979, it was replaced by the EI, which is still valid today, as part of the regional reform .

Former letter combinations could be requested from the Federal Minister of Transport in 2013 ( license plate liberalization ). However, the district of Eichstätt did not use this for BEI , EIH and RID .


In March 2014, the district was named Germany's most livable region by Focus magazine .


Web links

Commons : Landkreis Eichstätt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 455 .
  3. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  4. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into rural districts and independent cities of December 27, 1971
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 599 .
  6. ^ "Safer than with a family doctor" , Eichstätter Kurier of March 30, 2020; Accessed April 7, 2020
  7. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 24, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  8. Current figures from the employment agency for the Eichstätt district
  9. Susanne Pfaller, Tessa Siebenhüner: Eichstätt helps unemployed Spaniards. Bayerischer Rundfunk, May 14, 2013, archived from the original on January 7, 2014 ; accessed on November 27, 2015 .
  10. boniversum.de: “Creditreform - Debtors' Atlas 2013”, arranged by district. Responsible for Boniversum Creditreform GmbH, Neuss, 2013. ( Memento of the original from June 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on November 18, 2013; PDF. 218 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.boniversum.de
  11. Local election on March 15 , 2020 - 176 Eichstätt, district , kommunalwahl2020.bayern.de of March 17, 2020; Accessed March 19, 2020
  12. Overall result of the elections for the district council in the district of Eichstätt 2020 , landkreis-eichstaett.de; Accessed March 28, 2020
  13. Entry on the coat of arms of the district of Eichstätt  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 5, 2017 .
  14. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  15. Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Eichstätt. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  16. BayernViewer of the Bavarian Surveying Administration
  17. Eichstätt: old license plates remain outside. Donaukurier, July 12, 2013, accessed on July 7, 2019 .
  18. FOCUS title: District of Eichstätt is the most liveable region in Germany , Focus Online from March 16, 2014; Accessed March 17, 2014