Rosenheim district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Rosenheim Map of Germany, position of the district of Rosenheim highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 53 '  N , 12 ° 10'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
Administrative headquarters : Rosenheim
Area : 1,439.54 km 2
Residents: 261,330 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 182 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : RO , AIB , WS
Circle key : 09 1 87
Circle structure: 46 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Wittelsbacherstrasse 53
83022 Rosenheim
Website :
District Administrator : Otto Lederer ( CSU )
Location of the district of Rosenheim in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture

The district of Rosenheim is located in Upper Bavaria . With over 260,000 inhabitants, the district of Rosenheim is the second largest district in Bavaria after the district of Munich and the second largest in Upper Bavaria in terms of area after Traunstein . The district town of Rosenheim is completely enclosed by the district, but as a district-free city itself is not part of it and is therefore not included in the individual data for the district.

The district of Rosenheim includes the towns of Kolbermoor , Bad Aibling and Wasserburg am Inn as well as 43 other communities.

The district is part of the Euregio Inntal and is designated as an independent tourism region "Chiemsee-Alpenland" within Bavaria after the Chiemsee Tourism Association was dissolved (1912–2009).


Aerial view of the Rosenheimer Land against the Alps towards the southeast


The district of Rosenheim is located in the foothills of the Alps and in the Bavarian part of the Lower Inn Valley . The moraine landscape left behind by the Worm Ice Age Inn glacier has many lakes. The Mangfall , which rises in the Tegernsee, flows into the Inn near Rosenheim . A small part of the Chiemsee (sheep washing) and the Chiemsee islands Frauen- and Herrenchiemsee belong to the district area . By far the largest part of Lake Chiemsee, including the part surrounding the islands, belongs to the neighboring district of Traunstein . In the south lie the Mangfall Mountains (the Wendelstein is at 1838 m the most striking (but not the highest) elevation in the district) and the Chiemgau Alps . The highest mountain is the Große Traithen with 1852 m.

Neighboring areas

The district borders clockwise to the west, beginning with the districts of Miesbach , Munich , Ebersberg , Mühldorf am Inn and Traunstein . In the south it borders on the Kufstein district in the Austrian state of Tyrol .

Protected areas

In the district there are 13  nature reserves (together with the city of Rosenheim), 34  landscape protection areas , 23  FFH areas and at least 34 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (as of April 2016).

See also


Until 1800

In the 1st century there was a bridge over the Inn (Latin "Aenus") near Rosenheim, which formed the border between the Roman provinces of Raetia and Noricum . This bridge was probably between the two places Leonhardspfunzen and Langenpfunzen, whereby the part of the name "-pfunzen" can be derived from the Latin Pons Aeni ("Innbrücke"). In the twelfth century the area became the property of the Wittelsbach family , and the old tribal duchies were replaced by the lordly courts and offices.

Regional courts

The Aibling district court was established in 1803 , but was dissolved again in 1807. At the same time, the Rosenheim Regional Court was rewritten. Furthermore, there was the Wasserburg district court in the north of today's district . From 1810, all regional courts belonged to the Isarkkreis , which was renamed Upper Bavaria in 1838 . In addition to the regional courts, there were still power or patrimonial courts and court brands in today's district , which were only dissolved in 1848. In 1838 the district court Aibling was re-established. The Hague Regional Court was also established . In 1853 the district court of Prien was established in place of the ruling court that was dissolved in 1848.

District Offices

In 1862 the district courts of Rosenheim, Prien and Aibling formed the Rosenheim district office as an administrative authority under a “Kgl. District Administrator ". The Wasserburg and Haag district courts formed the Wasserburg district office. In 1864 the municipality of Rosenheim received city ​​rights from the Bavarian King Ludwig II . On April 1, 1870, it became a district immediate city .

On January 1, 1900, a separate district office was established for the Bad Aibling area. In return, the Rosenheim district office gave 22 municipalities, but received four municipalities from the Traunstein district office.


On January 1, 1939, the designation district was introduced as everywhere else in the German Reich . The district offices of Bad Aibling, Rosenheim and Wasserburg became the district offices.

On July 1, 1967, the community of Happing was incorporated into the city of Rosenheim.

Rosenheim district

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the district of Rosenheim was significantly enlarged on July 1, 1972. New arrivals to the county

On May 1, 1978, the community of Aising and major parts of the dissolved communities of Pang and Westerndorf St. Peter , which was renamed on September 26, 1951 (previously: Westerndorf ), were incorporated into the city of Rosenheim. At the same time, most of the Lampferding community from the Ebersberg district was incorporated into Tuntenhausen in the Rosenheim district.

Population development

The district of Rosenheim gained almost 53,000 residents between 1988 and 2008, or grew by around 27%. Between 1988 and 2018 the district grew from 195,417 to 260,983 by 65,566 inhabitants or by 33.6%.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Residents 52,966 76,095 104.061 151.937 143,825 158.819 190.104 210,510 224.712 236,480 247.057 249,772 256.074

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Rosenheim took 63rd place out of 402 districts and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the places with "high future opportunities". In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 84th out of 401.

The income taxpower per inhabitant was 279 euros in 2004 (national average 216 euros). The purchasing power per inhabitant in 2005 was 8,890 euros (national average 8,523 euros). In July 2020, unemployment in the district was 3.2% and thus significantly below the national average.

The cultivated area is mainly used for dairy farming. Larger industrial companies are located in Kolbermoor, Wasserburg and Raubling.

The Chiemgau and the Inntal are tourist areas; Large spa and rehabilitation facilities are located in Bad Aibling, Bad Feilnbach, Bad Endorf, Prien and Vogtareuth.


The district of Rosenheim was, together with the district of Traunstein, a member of the Chiemsee Tourism Association (1912–2009), whose dissolution at the end of 2009 was decided by a large majority. In contrast to many Traunstein municipalities, the former district administrators of the two districts took the view: "Each district should advertise for tourists with its own association." Thus, since January 1, 2010, the communities of the Rosenheim district have been organized in the Chiemsee Alpenland Association , that of the district of Traunstein in the Chiemgau Association .

As a result, the district of Rosenheim within Bavaria is now designated as an independent tourist region "Chiemsee-Alpenland", which u. a. is advertised with its own web presence. Despite its name, this tourist region is only partially congruent with the Chiemgau cultural landscape of the same name .

Basic tourist data

  • Beds offered (commercial establishments and camping): 14,618
  • Open accommodation establishments (commercial establishments and camping): 374
  • Guest arrivals (2012): 860,702
  • Overnight stays (2012): 3,055,632
  • Campsites: 17
  • Medicinal and spa baths: 3, as well as other Kneipp and climatic health resorts
  • Alpine pastures and mountain inns: around 62
  • Hotels: approx. 200
Source: State Statistical Office

The most important sights

Rail transport

Neighboring districts of the district of Rosenheim

The city of Rosenheim is an important railway junction in the foothills of the Alps, which was connected to Munich via Holzkirchen and Bad Aibling as early as 1857 by the Bavarian Maximiliansbahn ( Mangfall Valley Railway ). In the same year it was continued via Kiefersfelden to Kufstein in Tyrol . The route via Prien, Traunstein and Freilassing to Salzburg has also existed since 1860 .

It was not until 1871 that the Bavarian State Railway opened the direct connection from Munich via Grafing to Rosenheim and from here in 1876 the railway downwards via Wasserburg to Mühldorf . In Wasserburg Bf, the connecting line to Wasserburg Stadt branched off from 1902 and the line to Ebersberg from 1905 .

Further state local railways were added: In 1878 the Prien – Aschau line, also known as the Chiemgau Railway, was opened. 1897 followed the branching of the Mangfalltalbahn electric local railway Bad Aibling – Feilnbach of the AG for E-Werke vorm. OL Kummer & Co, Dresden , which was shut down in 1973 and later dismantled after electrical operation had already been given up in 1972. Furthermore, the Endorf – Obing railway line was opened in 1908 , on which passenger and freight traffic was discontinued in 1968 and which was reopened in 2006 as a museum railway by the private Chiemgauer local railway .

The last to be opened in 1914 was the Landl (Oberbay) Abzw – Frasdorf railway, which branches off the main Rosenheim – Salzburg line in Landl. The Rohrdorf – Frasdorf section was closed in 1970; the Rosenheim – Rohrdorf line is only used for freight traffic.

Two narrow-gauge railways are used almost exclusively for tourism:

  • The Chiemseebahn , a feeder line from the Ludwig Feßler company that opened in 1887 and is still privately operated today, from the Prien train station to the Stock boat station
  • The cog railway operated by Wendelsteinbahn GmbH, which has been climbing the 1700 m high mountain from Brannenburg since 1912 .

The “ Wachtlbahn ” is a previously six-kilometer-long electrical works railway that led from Kiefersfelden to the quarry of the former HeidelbergCement plant in Wachtl (Tyrol). Until 2016, only tourist trains were offered on the route, which was shortened to five kilometers, in the summer season, which ended directly after the national border. Since then, the Wachtlbahn has been renovated due to a lack of an operating permit.

The railway network of over 220 km was reduced by the closure of some branch lines by 45 km:

  • 1968: Endorf – Amerang – Obing, 12 km
  • 1970: Landl – Rohrdorf – Frasdorf, 16 km
  • 1973: Bad Aibling – Bad Feilnbach, 12 km
  • 1987: Wasserburg Bf – Wasserburg Stadt , 5 km

(but see the comments on the partial setting or leisure track)

Road traffic

The federal motorway 8 runs through the district in a west-east direction from Munich to Salzburg ; At the Inntal triangle south-southwest of Rosenheim, the federal highway 93 branches off in the direction of Kiefersfelden (border with Tyrol / Austria). The federal highways 15 , 15a , 304 and 305 also belong to the regional transport network .


Coat of arms of the district of Rosenheim.jpg

District administrators

District council

Distribution of seats in the district council (2014-2020)
A total of 70 seats

The local elections in 2002, 2008 , 2014 and 2020 led to the following allocation of seats in the district council :

Party / list 2002 2008 2014 2020
CSU 410 340 330 26th0
GREEN 4th 8th 9 14th
SPD 120 100 8th 5
Non-party / non-partisan voter communities 6th 8th 6th 6th
FW - 1 6th 8th
ÖDP / party-free environmentalists 3 3 3 3
BP 1 2 3 2
REP 2 2 1 -
FDP 1 2 1 1
AfD - - - 4th
DIE LINKE / mut Bayern / PIRATES / The PARTY / V-Party³ - - - 1
total 700 700 700 700

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the district of Rosenheim
Blazon : “Split under the shield head with the Bavarian diamonds; front split by silver and blue, covered with two sea leaves on stems crossed at an angle in mixed up colors, behind in silver a gold crowned and gold armored red lion. "
Foundation of the coat of arms: The Bavarian white and blue diamonds were taken over from the coat of arms of the former Bad Aibling district , the oldest dominion of the Wittelsbach family . The two sheets of the lake on the heraldic right side are taken from the coat of arms of the Frauenchiemsee island monastery and stand for the Chiemgau , which forms the east of the district. The red lion on the left comes from the coat of arms of the city of Wasserburg.

The coat of arms was introduced in its current form on May 14, 1976.


Chiemsee (Gemeinde) Chiemsee (Gemeinde) Chiemsee Österreich Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Erding Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Traunstein Rosenheim Rotter Forst-Süd Rotter Forst-Nord Albaching Amerang Aschau im Chiemgau Babensham Bad Aibling Bad Endorf Bad Feilnbach Bernau am Chiemsee Brannenburg Breitbrunn am Chiemsee Bruckmühl Edling Eggstätt Eiselfing Feldkirchen-Westerham Flintsbach am Inn Frasdorf Griesstätt Großkarolinenfeld Gstadt am Chiemsee Halfing Höslwang Kiefersfelden Kolbermoor Neubeuern Nußdorf am Inn Oberaudorf Pfaffing (Landkreis Rosenheim) Prien am Chiemsee Prutting Ramerberg Raubling Riedering Rimsting Rohrdorf (am Inn) Rott am Inn Samerberg Schechen Schonstett Söchtenau Soyen Stephanskirchen Tuntenhausen Vogtareuth Wasserburg am InnMunicipalities in RO.svg
About this picture
Residents on December 31, 2019
  1. Bad Aibling (19,056)
  2. Kolbermoor (18,532)
  3. Wasserburg a.Inn (12,796)

  1. Bad Endorf (8376)
  2. Bruckmühl (16,606)
  3. Neubeuer (4300)
  4. Prien a.Chiemsee (10,789)

Administrative communities
  1. Breitbrunn a.Chiemsee
    (municipalities Breitbrunn a.Chiemsee, Chiemsee and Gstadt a.Chiemsee)
  2. Halfing
    (communities Halfing, Höslwang and Schonstett)
  3. Pfaffing
    (municipalities Albaching and Pfaffing)
  4. Rott a.Inn
    (communities Ramerberg and Rott a.Inn)

Unregulated areas (10.37 km²)
  1. Rotter Forst-Nord (7.33 km²)
  2. Rotter Forst-Süd (3.04 km²)
Other communities
  1. Albaching (1759)
  2. Amerang (3659)
  3. Aschau i.Chiemgau (5760)
  4. Babensham (3186)
  5. Bad Feilnbach (8233)
  6. Bernau am Chiemsee (6977)
  7. Brannenburg (6473)
  8. Breitbrunn am Chiemsee (1603)
  9. Chiemsee (203)
  10. Edling (4546)
  11. Eggstätt (2976)
  12. Eiselfing (3129)
  13. Feldkirchen-Westerham (10,932)
  14. Flintsbach am Inn (3025)
  15. Frasdorf (3111)
  16. Griesstätt (2933)
  17. Großkarolinenfeld (7374)
  18. Gstadt am Chiemsee (1206)
  19. Halfing (2791)
  20. Höslwang (1272)
  21. Kiefersfelden (6844)
  22. Nussdorf a.Inn (2657)
  23. Oberaudorf (5236)
  24. Pfaffing (4207)
  25. Prutting (2885)
  26. Ramerberg (1370)
  27. Raubling (11,472)
  28. Riedering (5562)
  29. Rimsting (3969)
  30. Rohrdorf (5853)
  31. Rott a.Inn (4098)
  32. Samerberg (2793)
  33. Schechen (5018)
  34. Schonstett (1369)
  35. Söchtenau (2677)
  36. Soyen (2862)
  37. Stephanskirchen (10,593)
  38. Tuntenhausen (7213)
  39. Vogtareuth (3049)
Former parishes

The following municipalities lost their independence while they belonged to the Rosenheim district:

WS The community belonged to the district of Wasserburg am Inn
AIB until July 1st, 1972. Until July 1st, 1972 the community belonged to the district of Bad Aibling

Name changes

On June 26, 1953, the municipality of Kirchdorf am Inn was renamed Raubling . See also: List of places in the district of Rosenheim with all parts of the municipality.

Churches and chapels

Architectural monuments

See architectural monuments in the district of Rosenheim

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive RO mark when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.

Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old districts received special identification numbers:

area Letters numbers
Altkreis Rosenheim AA to JZ 100 to 999
Altkreis Bad Aibling KA to SZ
Altkreis Wasserburg am Inn TA to ZZ

Since July 10, 2013, the license plate liberalization has also made the distinguishing marks AIB (Bad Aibling) and WS (Wasserburg am Inn) available.


  • Bayerlacher: Brief description of the royal Bavarian regional court in Rosenheim and the Count's Preysingian rulership court Hohenaschau , Munich 1841 (online) .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Rosenheim  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics : Tourism regions in Bavaria Status: January 1, 2017, online at
  3. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 560 .
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  5. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into rural districts and independent cities of December 27, 1971 .
  6. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 561 .
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 588 .
  8. ( Memento from January 4, 2018)
  9. Future Atlas 2019 | Handelsblatt. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
  10. ^ Statistics from the Federal Employment Agency
  11. Chiemsee Tourism Association: No anniversary , updated report from December 16, 2009, online at .
  12. ^ Website of the "Chiemsee-Alpenland Tourismus GmbH & Co. KG"
  13. Entry on the coat of arms of the district of Rosenheim  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 4, 2017 .
  14. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).