Bad Kissingen district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Bad Kissingen district Map of Germany, position of the Bad Kissingen district highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 13 '  N , 9 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Franconia
Administrative headquarters : Bad Kissingen
Area : 1,136.96 km 2
Residents: 103,235 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 91 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : KG, BRK, HAB
Circle key : 09 6 72
Circle structure: 26 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Obere Marktstr. 6
97688 Bad Kissingen
Website :
District Administrator : Thomas Bold ( CSU )
Location of the Bad Kissingen district in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture

The district Bad Kissingen lies in the north of the administrative district of Lower Franconia . The district town is Bad Kissingen . The district is a member of the Regiopole region Mainfranken .



The Bad Kissingen district is located northwest of Schweinfurt and has a share in the southern foothills of the Rhön and the northeastern foothills of the Spessart . In the south there is a flat undulating landscape with heights of up to 380 m. The Franconian Saale flows through the district area. It enters the district in the northeast, southwest of Bad Neustadt an der Saale, then flows in a south-westerly direction through Bad Kissingen and Hammelburg , before it leaves the district again in the southwest, west of Hammelburg, and then flows into the Main at Gemünden .

Neighboring areas

The district borders clockwise in the northwest, beginning with the districts Main-Kinzig-Kreis and Fulda (both in Hesse ) and the districts Rhön-Grabfeld , Schweinfurt and Main-Spessart (all in Bavaria).


Bad Kissingen district

On January 1, 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. Thus the district offices of Bad Kissingen, Brückenau and Hammelburg became the district offices.

On April 1, 1940, Bad Kissingen was temporarily incorporated into the Bad Kissingen district, but this was reversed on April 1, 1948.

During the regional reform in Bavaria on July 1, 1972, the three districts of Bad Kissingen (excluding the community of Strahlungen ), Bad Brückenau and Hammelburg (excluding the communities of Greßthal and Wasserlosen ) became the independent city of Bad Kissingen , parts of the district of Gemünden and the communities Bonnland and Gauaschach of the district of Karlstadt formed the new district of Bad Kissingen, which was nicknamed the spa district . Bad Kissingen had to give up its district freedom, but received the newly created status of a large district town and also remained the seat of the new district.

On May 1, 1978, the Burglauer community moved from the Bad Kissingen district to the Rhön-Grabfeld district.

Regional courts

Before 1800, today's district area belonged mainly to the Würzburg monastery , a smaller part to the prince abbey of Fulda and became part of Bavaria from 1816. In 1804 the district courts of Kissingen , Euerdorf and Münnerstadt were established. From 1808 they belonged to the Lower Main District . In 1819 the regional courts of Brückenau and Hammelburg were formed. From 1838 onwards, all district courts belonged to the district of Lower Franconia and Würzburg, which later became the administrative district of Lower Franconia .

District Offices

The district office of Kissingen was formed in 1862 through the merger of the district courts of the older order Kissingen and Münnerstadt. The district courts of Euerdorf and Hammelburg were also merged to form the district office of Hammelburg , while the district office of Brückenau followed the district court of Brückenau.

On the occasion of the reform of the layout of the Bavarian district offices, the Kissingen district office received municipalities from the Hammelburg district office on January 1, 1880.

On April 24, 1883, the Kissingen District Office was officially renamed the Bad Kissingen District Office .

On January 1, 1908, Bad Kissingen left the Bad Kissingen district office and became a city ​​directly within the district .

Population development

From 1988 to 2008 the Bad Kissingen district grew by over 6,000 inhabitants or by over 6%. Since 2000 the trend towards a high of approx. 109,500 inhabitants. In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population of the district rose from 99,484 to 103,218 by 3,734 inhabitants or remained an increase of 3.8%. The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2019
Residents 60,031 64,724 73,802 102,531 96,082 102,859 99.022 105.108 109.213 109,328 107,988 104,301 103.106 103.162


District administrators

In the local elections in 2008 Thomas Bold was re-elected and on March 16, 2014 he was confirmed for his third term with 91.9% of the vote. In the election on March 15, 2020, Bold received 60.48% of the vote.

District council

CSU SPD FDP / FB FW-CBB PWG GREEN / BfU ödp / PU AfD left total
2020 25th 7th 1 7th 5 9 2 3 1 60

(As of: Election on March 15, 2020)

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Bad Kissingen district
Blazon : “Under the blue head of the shield, split with three silver bowl wells: in the front above the base of the shield made of red and silver in gold, a growing, black, red-armored half eagle at the split; a black paw cross on the back in silver. "

(Coats of arms awarded May 29, 1973)

Justification of the coat of arms: The three fountains stand for the three state baths in a circle (Bad Bocklet, Bad Brückenau and Bad Kissingen). The front half of the shield shows the coat of arms of the Counts of Henneberg, who led the eagle over the chess field, and the paw cross stands for the Fulda monastery, which ruled the area of ​​the former districts of Brückenau and Hammelburg.

Old county coat of arms

Old county coat of arms from 1963 to 1974
Blazon : "Under the shield head with the Bavarian diamonds, split, in front in gold on a green three-mountain, a black rooster with red feet and a red comb, in the back three silver tips in red."
Justification for the coat of arms: The coat of arms contains references to the three dominant rulers in the district. In the shield head is the coat of arms of Bavaria, since the district is a part of Bavaria. The rooster on the Dreiberg is a speaking reference to the Counts of Henneberg, but not their coat of arms. The coat of arms of the counts is included in the new district coat of arms from 1973 under the head of the shield in the split part in front, they dominated the main part of the district until the 14th century. The silver tips on red (the Franconian rake ) are the coat of arms of the prince-bishops of Würzburg, who gradually ruled most of the district between the 13th and 18th centuries.

The coat of arms was awarded on February 12, 1963.

District partnerships

Economy and Infrastructure

The economy in the district is heavily influenced by tourism. The three state baths Bad Kissingen, Bad Brückenau and Bad Bocklet, which accommodate guests all year round, play a major role in this.

Larger industrial companies are in the Albertshausen district of Bad Kissingen (Takata-Petri PlasTec GmbH, plastic parts for the vehicle industry), in Münnerstadt (MGlas AG, primary packaging and injection systems for the pharmaceutical industry), Oerlenbach (Hegler Plastik GmbH, plastic pipe systems for civil engineering) , Wildflecken (Kunert, Wellpappe), Bad Brückenau (GKN, Sintermetall and Staatlicher Mineralbrunnen, Beverages) and Hammelburg ( Lutz Fleischwaren ). Otherwise, smaller companies and the trades dominate the picture. Agriculture only plays a subordinate role as an employer; this also applies to viticulture in the Saale valley.

Like many other areas, the Bad Kissingen district is also struggling with unemployment. In recent years, the unemployment rate has always been higher than the average in Bavaria, but also lower than the national average. Job losses in the 1990s were primarily related to changes in legislation in the health sector and the crisis in the rolling bearing industry in nearby Schweinfurt. The Rhön-Saale start-up center in Bad Kissingen is supposed to bring new impulses for the economy and thus new jobs. It is operated jointly with the Rhön-Grabfeld district, the city of Bad Kissingen as well as the Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK) and the Chamber of Crafts (HWK) and is intended as a start-up aid for young companies. Numerous other initiatives to stimulate the regional economy are related to the Rhön Biosphere Reserve.

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Bad Kissingen district was ranked 157th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 214 out of 401.


A bus from the company KOB-Bus at the central bus station in Fulda


In Bad Kissingen, local public transport is handled by the KOB. The Kreisomnibusbetrieb (KOB) based in Oberthulba (Bad Kissingen district) is a subsidiary of the OVF and the Bad Kissingen district. The KOB GmbH has a main depot in Oberthulba and two bus depots in Bad Brückenau and Hammelburg . The company's vehicle fleet consists of 30 intercity buses, 7 combination buses, 3 coaches and a minibus, which travel on a total of 13 lines in the Bad Kissingen district.


The district is crossed by the A 7 , one of the most important north-south connections in Germany. The connection points are Bad Brückenau- Volkers, Bad Brückenau / Wildflecken, Bad Kissingen / Oberthulba and Hammelburg . Another motorway connection is the A 71 from Schweinfurt to Erfurt . It runs through the district over a length of around 15 kilometers.


The Bavarian State Railways first built a railway from Schweinfurt to Bad Kissingen in the district in 1871 .

Münnerstadt was connected to the network in 1874 when the main line to Meiningen was added, which branches off in Ebenhausen . The single-track line ended in the course of the German division in Mellrichstadt (district of Rhön-Grabfeld). After reunification , the gap was closed and the route was reopened in 1991 for continuous traffic to Thuringia .

The Saale Valley Railway has been able to travel from Gemünden to Hammelburg since 1884 ; only 40 years later the gap to Bad Kissingen was closed by the Deutsche Reichsbahn .

Bad Brückenau received a connection to the main line Fulda - Würzburg in Jossa in 1891 ; this route was extended to Wildflecken in 1908 because of the military training area .

From the main railway Schweinfurt – Meiningen a branch was made in Rottershausen in 1900 to Stadtlauringen , which touched some smaller communities in the southeast of the district.

After the closure of passenger traffic on the two routes

  • 1959: Rottershausen – Stadtlauringen and
  • 1988: Jossa – Bad Brückenau – Wildflecken

a network of 56 kilometers with the stops Bad Kissingen, Diebach , Ebenhausen, Elfershausen-Trimberg , Euerdorf, Hammelburg, Hammelburg-Ost, Morlesau, Münnerstadt, Oerlenbach , Rottershausen and Westheim-Langendorf is served in the district area.

The Deutsche Bahn offers direct trains from Würzburg Hbf to Bad Kissingen, the regional train journeys are carried out by railcars of the Erfurt Railway .


There are no major airports in the district. The closest are in Frankfurt am Main, Nuremberg and Erfurt. The Haßfurt airfield, which is at least regionally important , is also not located in the district area. However, there are several airfields for small powered aircraft and gliders.


(Population figures as of December 31, 2019)


  1. Bad Bruckenau (6462)
  2. Bad Kissingen , major district town (22,443)
  3. Hammelburg (11,023)
  4. Münnerstadt (7598)


  1. Bad Bocklet (4591)
  2. Burkardroth (7420)
  3. Elfershausen (2794)
  4. Euerdorf (1486)
  5. Geroda (799)
  6. Maßbach (4334)
  7. Oberthulba (5054)
  8. Schondra (1703)
  9. Sulzthal (852)
  10. Wild spots (2869)
  11. Zeitlofs (2036)

Other communities

  1. Aura on the Saale (863)
  2. Fuchsstadt (1857)
  3. Moths (1665)
  4. Nüdlingen (3909)
  5. Oberleichtersbach (2072)
  6. Oerlenbach (5012)
  7. Ramsthal (1121)
  8. Rannungen (1133)
  9. Riedenberg (994)
  10. Thundorf i.UFr. (1030)
  11. Wartmannsroth (2115)

Community-free areas
(122.75 km², all uninhabited)

  1. Dreistelzer Forest (0.85 km²)
  2. Forst Detter-Süd (11.38 km²)
  3. Geiersnest-East (19.63 km²)
  4. Geiersnest-West (2.42 km²)
  5. Großer Auersberg (4.68 km²)
  6. Kälberberg (2.35 km²)
  7. Motten Forest South (5.05 km²)
  8. Neuwirtshauser Forest (20.73 km²)
  9. Omerz and Roter Berg (6.52 km²)
  10. Römershager Forest North (12.92 km²)
  11. Römershager Forst-Ost (3.76 km²)
  12. Roßbacher Forst (21.15 km²)
  13. Waldfensterer Forest (11.31 km²)

Administrative communities

  1. Bad Brückenau
    (Geroda and Schondra markets, communities Oberleichtersbach and Riedenberg)
  2. Elfershausen
    (market Elfershausen and municipality of Fuchsstadt)
  3. Euerdorf
    (Euerdorf and Sulzthal markets, communities Aura adSaale and Ramsthal)
  4. Maßbach
    (Markt Maßbach and the municipalities of Rannungen and Thundorf i.UFr.)
Dreistelzer Forst Forst Detter-Süd Geiersnest-Ost Geiersnest-West Waldfensterer Forst Kälberberg (Unterfranken) Mottener Forst-Süd Neuwirtshauser Forst Omerz und Roter Berg Römershager Forst-Nord Römershager Forst-Ost Roßbacher Forst Waldfensterer Forst Großer Auersberg Münnerstadt Thundorf in Unterfranken Maßbach Rannungen Nüdlingen Oerlenbach Bad Kissingen Aura an der Saale Bad Bocklet Euerdorf Sulzthal Ramsthal Elfershausen Fuchsstadt Hammelburg Elfershausen Wartmannsroth Oberthulba Oberthulba Oberthulba Burkardroth Burkardroth Zeitlofs Zeitlofs Bad Brückenau Bad Brückenau Oberleichtersbach Geroda (Unterfranken) Schondra Schondra Schondra Riedenberg Motten (Bayern) Wildflecken Hessen Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Haßberge SchweinfurtMunicipalities in KG.svg
About this picture

Municipalities in the old district of Bad Kissingen before the 1972 regional reform

Before the regional reform, the Bad Kissingen district had 56 municipalities (see list below). (The churches that still exist today are written in bold ):

former parish today's parish today's district
Albertshausen Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Althausen Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Arnshausen Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Aschach Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Bad Bocklet Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Brno Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Burghausen Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Burglauer Burglauer District of Rhön-Grabfeld
Burkardroth Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Ebenhausen Oerlenbach Bad Kissingen district
Eltingshausen Oerlenbach Bad Kissingen district
Frauenroth Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Fridritt Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Garitz Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Favor Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Grossenbrach Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Großwenkheim Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Haard (Nüdlingen) Nüdlingen Bad Kissingen district
Hassenbach Oberthulba Bad Kissingen district
Hausen (Bad Kissingen) Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Derision Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Katzenbach Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Kleinbrach Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Kleinwenkheim Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
volume up Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Maßbach Maßbach Bad Kissingen district
Münnerstadt Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Nickersfelden Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Nüdlingen Nüdlingen Bad Kissingen district
Oehrberg Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Oerlenbach Oerlenbach Bad Kissingen district
Poppenlauer Maßbach Bad Kissingen district
Poppenroth Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Premich Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Rannungen Rannungen Bad Kissingen district
Reichenbach Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Reiterswiesen Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Roth on the Saale Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Rothhausen Thundorf in Lower Franconia Bad Kissingen district
Rottershausen Oerlenbach Bad Kissingen district
Schlimpfhof Oberthulba Bad Kissingen district
Seubrigshausen Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Rod red Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Steinach (Bad Bocklet) Bad Bocklet Bad Kissingen district
Radiations Radiations District of Rhön-Grabfeld
Stralsbach Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Theinfeld Thundorf in Lower Franconia Bad Kissingen district
Thundorf in Lower Franconia Thundorf in Lower Franconia Bad Kissingen district
Volkershausen Maßbach Bad Kissingen district
Forest window Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Directions Maßbach Bad Kissingen district
Wermerichshausen Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Windheim Münnerstadt Bad Kissingen district
Angle Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen district
Wollbach (Burkardroth) Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district
Zahlbach (Burkardroth) Burkardroth Bad Kissingen district

Protected areas

The Feuerbach moor

There are 16 nature reserves , two landscape protection areas , 17 FFH areas and 39 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment in the district . (As of August 2016)

See also:

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign KG when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.

Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old districts received special identification numbers:

area Letters numbers
Bad Kissingen district A to P, Z 1 to 999
AA to MZ 1 to 99
ZA to ZZ
AA to AZ 100 to 999
Altkreis Bad Brückenau R to T, X 1 to 999
NA to NZ 1 to 99
RA to TZ
XA to XZ
NA to NZ 100 to 999
Altkreis Hammelburg U to W, Y 1 to 999
PA to PZ 1 to 99
UA to WZ
YA to YZ
PA to PZ 100 to 999

The distinctive signs BRK (Bad Brückenau) and HAB (Hammelburg) have also been available since July 10, 2013 .

See also


(in chronological order)

  • Bavarian State Office for Statistics : District data Bad Kissingen. District Office Bad Kissingen, Bad Kissingen 1980, DNB 810099144 .
  • Josef Wabra: Small art guide through the Bad Kissingen district. A short report on home and monument preservation. (= Regional Studies Series of the Rhön / Saale Working Group. Issue 11). Bad Kissingen district, Bad Kissingen 1972, DNB 740719580 .
  • Bad Kissingen district (Ed.): 120 years of district self-government, 110 years of Bad Kissingen district office. District Office Bad Kissingen, Bad Kissingen 1972, DNB 740657968 .
  • Landratsamt Bad Kissingen (Ed.): Official Journal of the Landratsamt Bad Kissingen. Bad Kissingen District Office, Bad Kissingen since 1972, DNB 011418494 ( digital copies since 2011).
  • Bad Kissingen district: Our Bad Kissingen district. Yearbook. Schachenmayer, Bad Kissingen 1979–1984, DNB 010246908 .
  • Josef Lisiecki (Ed.): Legends and legends from the Bad Kissingen district. Bad Kissingen district, Bad Kissingen 1982, DNB 830163956 .
  • Werner Eberth : In the footsteps of the saints ... in the Bad Kissingen district. Schachenmayer, Bad Kissingen 1994, ISBN 3-929278-02-2 .
  • Werner Eberth: The secularization 1802/03 in the area of ​​today's Bad Kissingen district. Theresienbrunnen-Verlag, Bad Kissingen 2003, DNB 969788630 .
  • Werner Eberth: The municipal coats of arms in the Bad Kissingen district. Theresienbrunnen-Verlag, Bad Kissingen 2006, DNB 983200726 .
  • Bad Kissingen district (Ed.): Bad Kissingen district - gem of the middle. BVB-Verlagsgesellschaft, Nordhorn 2006, DNB 980697603 .
  • Wolf-Dieter Raftopoulo: Rhön and Grabfeld culture guides. A complete documentation of the old cultural landscapes in terms of art and cultural history. RMd Verlag, Gerbrunn 2017, ISBN 978-3-9818603-7-5 .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Bad Kissingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  3. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 426 .
  4. ^ District elections in Lower Franconia: These are the results. Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR 24), March 16, 2020
  5. Bad Kissingen district election: Greens gain, CSU and SPD lose , Saale-Zeitung , March 18, 2020
  6. Entry on the coat of arms of the Bad Kissingen district  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 4, 2017 .
  7. 20th anniversary of the partnership on the district homepage , accessed on January 19, 2019
  8. Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  9. Future Atlas 2019 | Handelsblatt. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
  10. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  11. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. kissingen.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).