|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Middle Franconia|
|Height :||294 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||63.35 km 2|
|Residents:||128,497 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2028 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||0911|
|License plate :||FÜ|
|Community key :||09 5 63 000|
|LOCODE :||DE FUE|
|City structure:||3 city districts with
18 statistical districts
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Thomas Jung ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Fürth in Bavaria|
Fürth ( Franconian : ) is an independent city in the Bavarian administrative district of Middle Franconia . It forms a city triangle with Nuremberg and Erlangen , the core area of the Nuremberg metropolitan area , which also includes Schwabach . Together with the surrounding area, this is the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region , one of three metropolitan regions in Bavaria and eleven in Germany .
Location and area
The historic city center is to the east and south of the Rednitz and Pegnitz rivers, which flow together northwest of the old town to form the Regnitz . To the west of the city, beyond the southwest bypass and Main-Danube Canal , the Fürth city forest rises . To the east of the city lies the city of Nuremberg at about the same height. To the north, the fertile garlic country , which is partly part of the urban area, extends . To the south of the city is a mixed area of wide motorways, canals and floodplains.
The area of the city is 63.36 km², the length of the city limits 50.05 kilometers. The distance between the easternmost and westernmost point of the Fürth urban area is 9.835 kilometers, between the northernmost and southernmost point 11.704 kilometers.
For the breakdown of Fürth into city districts and districts, see: List of city districts and statistical districts of Fürth .
From the beginning to the 17th century
The settlement of Fürth is mentioned for the first time in an Ottonian document on November 1, 1007, with which King Heinrich II , (later Emperor) bequeathed the place to the newly founded cathedral chapter of Bamberg . The market rights granted in the following years went under Heinrich III. lost to neighboring Nuremberg. Even if the market was allowed to be held in Fürth again from 1062, Nuremberg was already of greater importance at this time.
Due to the nearby Nuremberg, Fürth remained a rural community for a long time, which probably only had between 1000 and 2000 inhabitants around 1600. During the Thirty Years' War the place suffered a lot, in 1632 through the battle of the Alte Veste , in 1634, when Fürth was burned down except for a few houses.
In the 17th century, rule over the city lay in different parts and in changing forms with the Bamberg Cathedral monastery, the Principality of Ansbach and the Imperial City of Nuremberg (see map from 1717 on the right).
Growth from the 18th century until today
In the 18th century the urban character emerged, the main features of which can still be seen and partially preserved in today's old town. See map of the Bavarian original cadastre from 1808. In 1835, the Adler was the first German railway between Nuremberg and Fürth ( Ludwigseisenbahn ). The influence of industrialization was significant when the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal reached the city in 1843 . In 1864/65 the Ludwigs-Süd-Nord-Bahn and the Ludwigs-West-Bahn were the first long-distance rail connections in Fürth.
From 1914 the Fürth-Atzenhof airfield was built, followed by the Bachmann & Blumenthal works airport on Hardhöhe in 1919 . The amalgamation of Fürth and Nuremberg to form a large city was discussed for a long time and was ultimately rejected by a large majority of the population in a referendum in 1922.
During the Second World War , 90% of the historical building fabric was preserved despite the air raids on Fürth . In the post-war period, the barracks and the airfield in Atzenhof, in particular, were used by American forces for decades. A large number of the buildings that have been preserved are now listed .
Fürth achieved nationwide beacon character in the 1950s, the time of the economic miracle , through the large mail order company Quelle AG and Grundig AG , which, despite the fact that branches in Nuremberg and elsewhere had more employees and more sales, always remained legally based in Fürth. In 1980 the economic output per capita in Fürth was higher than in all other cities and districts of Bavaria.
The following communities or districts were incorporated into Fürth:
- January 1, 1899: the western part of the municipality of Höfen with the municipality of Weikershof (located in the south on Schwabacher Straße)
- January 1, 1900: the municipality of Poppenreuth (located east of the historical center, on the other side of the Pegnitz)
- January 1, 1901: the municipality of Dambach (located west of today's Südstadt) as well as Unterfürberg, Oberfürberg
- January 1, 1918: Atzenhof (located in the northwest, on the right bank of the Zenn between Unterfarrnbach and Vach)
- January 1, 1918: the community of Unterfarrnbach (located in the west, on the banks of the Farrnbach )
- December 3, 1923: the municipality of Burgfarrnbach (northwest, across the canal, not merged with Fürth)
- July 1, 1927: the community of Ronhof
As part of the Bavarian municipal reform :
- July 1, 1972: the municipality of Sack with Bislohe, which lies to the north in Knoblauchsland and is not listed separately in official documents
- July 1, 1972: the municipality of Stadeln (located north of Fürth, east of the Regnitz river and west of the Frankenschnellweg)
- July 1, 1972: the municipality of Vach (located north of Fürth, west of the Regnitz river and the Zenn stream , the Main-Danube Canal runs along the western edge of the village )
- July 1, 1972: Herboldshof and Steinach parts of the municipality of Boxdorf
The city used to be derogatory "Bavarian Jerusalem", since the 1880s, because of the tolerance and freedom felt by Jews, it was referred to as "Franconian Jerusalem " with positive connotations . The term "Kleeblattstadt" referring to the city coat of arms is widespread.
The population of Fürth grew only slowly in the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the modern era due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. During the Thirty Years' War the city lost about half of its inhabitants. When Croatian soldiers set fire to Fürth in 1634, the place burned for several days and was almost completely destroyed in the process. At the end of the war only 800 people lived in the city. In 1685 Huguenots and Reformed Christians from France settled in Fürth. Reconstruction was completed in 1700 and the population rose to around 6,000.
With the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century, a strong population growth began. In 1800 Fürth had 12,000 inhabitants, by 1895 this number quadrupled to 47,000. In 1950, the city's population exceeded 100,000, making it a major city . According to the excerpt from the register, over 129,000 people lived in the city at the end of 2017.
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Up to 1818 it was mostly an estimate, then census results (¹) or official updates by the respective statistical offices or the city administration itself (city statistics Fürth ). From 1843 the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the place of the main residence”. Before 1843, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey methods.
¹ census result
Religions and worldviews
According to the 2011 census , 37.1% of the population were Protestant, 24.8% Roman Catholic and 38.1% were non-denominational or belonged to another religious community. At the end of 2019, 38,840 (29.6%) of the residents of Fürth belonged to the Protestant Church, 27,254 (20.8%) to the Catholic Church and 65,024 (49.6%) were non-denominational or belonged to another denomination. At the end of 2018, 30.4% of the population were Protestant, 21.4% Catholic and 48.2% were non-denominational or belonged to another denomination.
Fürth initially belonged to the diocese of Würzburg , from 1007 to the diocese of Bamberg . In 1524 the Reformation was introduced together with the city of Nuremberg , so that Fürth was a Protestant city for many years . The city's Lutheran clergy were presented by St. Lorenz in Nuremberg. Since next to the imperial city of Nuremberg u. a. The Dompropstei Bamberg also ruled the city, but there were always Catholics - even if only very few in number - in the city. So were z. As the dompropsteiliche bailiff and his staff from the German religious house Nuremberg care.
After 1792 the Protestant parishes of Fürth were subordinated to the royal Prussian consistory in Ansbach , and after the city passed to Bavaria they became part of the Protestant Church of the Kingdom of Bavaria , which initially comprised Lutheran and Reformed parishes. The parishes then belonged to the Deanery Zirndorf. In 1885 Fürth became the seat of its own deanery, which belongs to the Nuremberg Church District .
Since the 18th century at the latest, the number of Catholics in the city has increased again. In 1829 the city's first Catholic church since the Reformation was consecrated, the Church of Our Lady . Later other parishes arose, which initially belonged to the Nuremberg deanery of the Archdiocese of Bamberg . In 1961, Fürth became the seat of its own Catholic deanery within the archdiocese.
The ratio of Protestants to Catholics in the 20th century was about two to one. Since the 1960s, the proportion of both Protestant and Catholic residents has been falling continuously.
The first evidence of Jewish residents in Fürth can already be found in the city's oldest surviving court book from 1440; a Jewish community did not yet exist at that time. In 1528, Margrave Georg the Pious von Ansbach allowed two Jews to settle in the city for six years for protection money. From 1556 the immigration of Jews was also approved in the area of the city subordinated to the Bamberg Cathedral Monastery.
In the 17th century there was a community Talmud school that was highly regarded. The first Jewish cemetery was laid out in 1607, a synagogue was built in 1617 and Germany's first Jewish hospital opened in 1653. In 1670 many Jews were admitted from Vienna, so that in 1716 there were around 400 Jewish families in the city. In 1807, Jews made up 19 percent of the total population. In 1824 the Talmud school was closed by the Bavarian authorities.
A Jewish elementary school was founded in 1862 and a middle school in 1882. The highest number of Jewish citizens was reached in 1880 with around 3300. In 1938, the synagogue was destroyed in the November pogroms of 1938 , and most of the remaining Jewish population was deported to extermination camps from 1941 onwards, despite the repression .
After the end of the Second World War, a DP camp for Jewish “ displaced persons ” was set up in Fürth . The camp, which already had 850 residents at the end of 1945, was disbanded in July 1950. The present-day Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Fürth is located at Blumenstrasse 31. It has around 475 members, most of whom are Jews from the former CIS countries .
The Selimiye Mosque has been in Schwabacher Strasse since 1977 and is maintained by the Turkish Community of Fürth. In 1994 the Mevlana Mosque was opened in Steubenstrasse and is managed by the umbrella organization DITIB .
Some of the non-denominational people are organized in the Humanist Association , a ideology community of non-religious people. In addition to its ideological work, the association is active in Fürth as the sponsor of several day-care centers, kindergartens and after- school care centers as well as a reform-educational humanistic elementary school in Fürth . With this nationwide first elementary school, the secular school movement, which was crushed by the National Socialists in 1933, is revived.
The city ecological nature trail was set up in 1999 (three kilometers, ten stations) and expanded in 2003 to include route B (seven kilometers, ten stations). The starting point for both tours is the Stadthalle underground station . In the course of the nature trail, individual habitats are explained in terms of their importance for the flora and fauna (e.g. St. Michael churchyard, municipal cemetery, Scherbsgraben); Reference is made to the designation of certain areas as landscape protection areas and the problem of environmentally-changing measures such as river straightening. The average sunshine duration is 1766 hours per year.
The Gustav-Adolph-Quelle is at Weikershof, right on the Rednitz. It was revived in 2000 and equipped with a pavilion . Until 1953, the spring water with its 19 degrees warm water was used in a nearby swimming pool. Since its demolition, the water has flowed unused into the river, at least 160 liters per minute. Due to the faint odor of hydrogen sulfide , the source is also called Gaggerlasquelle (Franconian dialect for " egg source ").
The 560 hectare Fürth city forest is home to rare animal species and is therefore a special protected area of European interest in the Natura 2000 habitat network. The forest consists largely of pines mixed with deciduous trees. In the quarries in the Fürth city forest , the castle sandstone was extracted as an important building material until the Middle Ages. Various bat species ( brown long-eared bat , fringed bat and water bat ) and the black woodpecker live in the city forest .
- List of landscape protection areas in Fürth
- List of FFH areas in the city of Fürth
- List of geotopes in Fürth
coat of arms
|Blazon : “A three-leaf green clover in silver. The three-leaf clover first appeared in the seals of the city in 1562, when it was held by a hand that was surrounded by two crescent moons. "|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The origin is not clear. There are three different versions of the history of creation:
The city received a new coat of arms in 1818 after it was promoted to first class. It consists of a green clover leaf surrounded by a green oak branch. Both are framed by the symbols of the city - a wall crown with four towers. This coat of arms was used for over 100 years. In 1939 the city arms were simplified. A letter from the Reich Governor Franz Ritter von Epp shows that the crown of the wall and the oak branch have been removed. Only the clover leaf with a border remained. The official coat of arms of the city of Fürth has not changed since 1939. For official occasions such as B. Honors of the city of Fürth, the original coat of arms from 1939 is always used, whereas since 1960 a slightly more "modern" version of the clover leaf with a border has prevailed in the relevant media.
At the same time, the city received a flag that showed two green stripes in white and the coat of arms in the green top. The flag was later simplified to the colors white (above) and green (below).
The city colors are white and green.
The city council of the city of Fürth is composed of 50 city councilors and the mayor. With 22 city councilors plus the mayor, the SPD parliamentary group has a relative majority. The second largest group are the Greens , then the group of the CSU . There are also individual city councils of the AfD , Left , Free Voters and FDP . (Status: 2020)
¹ until 2002 BL: Citizen List → from 2008 FW: Free Voters
Up until the end of the 18th century, the city was run by a bambberg bailiff. Two mayors were elected from the city, four until 1697 and eight from 1718. They were supported by “chiefs”.
After the transfer to Bavaria, Fürth became a second class town in 1806 and was directly subordinate to the district administration. Such cities were later called “district-free”. From 1818, Fürth became a first class town and was thus managed by a 1st mayor, who was assisted by a 2nd mayor. Since January 1, 1908, the 1st mayor has held the title of Lord Mayor.
Thomas Jung (SPD) has been Lord Mayor since 2002 .
Fürth maintains a city partnership with the following cities :
- Renfrew (formerly Paisley ) region in Scotland, United Kingdom, since 1969
- Limoges (France), since 1992, since 2003 the Limoges and Limousin house in Fürth
- Marmaris (Turkey), since 1995
- Xylokastro (Greece), friendship between cities since 2001 and twin town since 2006
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2016, Fürth generated a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 4.170 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 33,415 (Bavaria: € 44,215 / Germany € 38,180) and thus well below the regional and national average. In 2016 there were around 61,300 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 4.6% and thus above the Bavarian average of 2.7% (in the Fürth district it was 2.4%).
In the 2016 Future Atlas, the urban district of Fürth was ranked 96th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the places with “future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 85th out of 401.
Industry, energy and administration
The toy industry is a major economic factor in Fürth; From small craft businesses to large industrial companies, everything is represented in this sector.
The Quelle GmbH , until their liquidation largest mail-order house in Europe, had its headquarters in Fürth. In the post-war period, Grundig founded his empire in Fürth with the Heinzelmann radio model (do-it-yourself kit), see also Fürth Broadcasting Museum . In addition, uvex was founded in Fürth in 1926 and has had its headquarters in Fürth ever since.
Fürth is increasingly relying on solar energy for its energy supply . Fürth is the seat of the non-profit solar information and demonstration center Solid . As early as the end of 2004, photovoltaic systems generated an average of two megawatts of power during the day in sunshine , which were fed into the grid via the local energy supplier infra Fürth . The plant on the former residual waste dump in Atzenhof produced the majority with almost one megawatt of output. At the end of December 2013, 838 photovoltaic systems with a maximum output of 19.2 MW were in operation.
On the Regnitz, shortly after the confluence of the Pegnitz and Rednitz, a new pumping station was built by 2003, which is supposed to ensure the artificial irrigation of the northeastern garlic region.
After several years of renovation of the former headquarters of the Quelle mail order company , it has been the headquarters of the Bavarian State Office for Statistics with around 290 employees since October 1, 2016 .
In 1914, an airfield for the third Bavarian Army Corps was built in Atzenhof , which was expanded in the following years. The architecture of the Flugwerft testifies to the great importance of aviation during the First World War .
As Fürth-Nuremberg airport , the airfield was added to the list of international airports after the First World War. This saved him from being completely dismantled. The Fürth-Nuremberg Airport was the eighth largest among the 88 German airports. The Junkers-Werke initially relocated their central repair workshop and later the final assembly of their aircraft from Dessau to the airport, where they produced a.o. a. the first civil all-metal aircraft Junkers F 13 and the Junkers G 24 .
The city of Nuremberg took over the majority of the airport operations in 1928. Until the end of civil flight operations in Atzenhof in 1933, the airfield was called Nürnberg-Fürth , it was replaced by a larger airport at Nuremberg's Marienberg .
The National Socialists had the airport expanded and used it as a flying school. Two large halls, a new shipyard, a command post and a fire station were built . After Fürth was occupied by the Allied troops, the US Army used the site as barracks until 1996. During this time a golf course was built on the site of the Monteith Barracks and the historic buildings were repaired.
After the former Nuremberg airport at Marienberg was destroyed in the Second World War, the former works airfield of the Gothaer Waggonfabrik , later the company " Bachmann von Blumenthal & Co. KG" on the Hardhöhe was set up as a temporary Nuremberg-Fürth airport and from January 2nd 1950 used until April 6, 1955.
In addition to Fürth main train station, Fürth is connected to the rail network via several other train stations and stops. The Fürth-Unterfarrnbach and Vach stations on the Nuremberg – Bamberg line are served by the S1 line of the Nuremberg S-Bahn . At the main station as well as in Unterfarrnbach there is a possibility to change to the Nuremberg underground . The Fürth-Unterfürberg and Fürth-Burgfarrnbach stations are on the Fürth – Würzburg railway line and two regional train lines stop every hour. The stations Fürth Westvorstadt, Fürth-Dambach and Alte Veste on the Rangaubahn to Cadolzburg are served every half hour.
In the 1840s, Fürth became a port city when the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal , built from 1835 to 1846, reached the city. This was between the city center and Poppenreuth . There was the commercial port of Fürth for the handling of goods. In 1950 the Ludwig Canal was closed again in the entire Fürth district and in the 1960s it was completely overbuilt with the Federal Highway 73 .
Since the summer of 1972, a small, high-performance trimodal ship / rail / road freight center has been available on the Fürth site between the Atzenhof and Unterfarrnbach districts on the Main-Danube Canal .
Infra fürth verkehr gmbh (infra) is responsible for city traffic and operates eight bus lines, two night bus lines and, together with Verkehrs-AG Nürnberg, an underground line and one further bus line and one night bus line. All of these lines are part of the Greater Nuremberg Transport Association .
There are also numerous parking spaces and multi-storey car parks. In 2004 the multi-storey car park on Mathildenstrasse was built for 6.2 million euros and put into operation at the beginning of 2005, although the available parking space was not fully utilized in 2003.
In 1881 the first horse tram operated in Fürth , which was converted to electrical operation on May 2, 1896. It was part of the Nuremberg-Fürth tram , became the property of the city of Nuremberg in 1903 and was continued under different names . On June 20, 1981, the tram in Fürth was stopped.
The Fürther Nachrichten appears as a daily newspaper in Fürth . The paper first appeared in 1946 as a page with local news in the Nürnberger Nachrichten and now appears under its own name, but expands the Nürnberger Nachrichten with a local section for the city and district of Fürth consisting of one or two newspaper books . The Fürther Landkreisnachrichten also appear on Fridays ; they originated in 1979 from the former local sections Steiner Nachrichten and Zirndorfer Nachrichten . The product is the responsibility of the publishing house Nürnberger Presse Druckhaus Nürnberg GmbH & Co.
Zweirad-Verlag , founded in 1985 and located in Fürth since 2003, publishes the free regional motorcycle newspaper Zweirad (circulation 24,000) as well as regional books on the subject of motorcycles . The publisher is Mathias Thomaschek, who also organizes the Franken-Bike motorcycle fair in Fürth .
Gustav Schickedanz founded the Quelle mail order company on October 26, 1927 . The insurance group Ergo Direkt Versicherungen emerged in 1984 from the former retail group Quelle. BSH's central warehouse (BSH Hausgeräte GmbH) has been located in Sack since 1967, from where the products are shipped all over the world.
The Grundig AG entertained from its founding until mid-2000, its headquarters, at times the entire product development, as well as several manufacturing facilities in Fürth. The bond was shown in the corporate logo, which was a crowned city coat of arms for a long time. The former headquarters of Grundig on Kurgartenstrasse (formerly Fürth's first thermal baths) was converted into the Technologiepark Uferstadt Fürth , in which the Fürth Broadcasting Museum , the New Materials Technology Center , a Fraunhofer Institute , Sellbytel and the IT service company Atos have found a location. In addition, Computec Media , a subsidiary of the Swiss Marquard Media Group , founded in 1989, has its headquarters there.
The LEONHARD KURZ Foundation & Co. KG (foils, holograms, hot stamping technology) on Schwabacher Strasse is one of the largest employers in the city today.
The sports and occupational safety goods manufacturer Uvex has its headquarters and production facilities in the city.
The toy manufacturers Simba-Dickie-Group and Bruder are based in Fürth. The ammunition manufacturer RUAG Ammotec , which emerged from Dynamit Nobel AG, has its headquarters and a production site in Fürth-Stadeln.
Fürth is the administrative headquarters and logistics center of the Tucher Bräu , until 2008 the Humbser brewery on Schwabacher Straße was also the only active brewing location. The the company Flabeg became independent Centrosolar Group was one of two global manufacturers of Nano-coated PV module glass.
The housing association Fürth has existed since 1957 .
In 2007, Fürth was awarded the title of City of Science by the Bavarian State Minister for Science on the 1000th anniversary .
General education schools
There are a total of 22 primary and secondary schools in the city of Fürth. In addition, three grammar schools (in the order in which they were founded): The Hardenberg grammar school (1833), the Heinrich Schliemann grammar school (1896) and the Helene Lange grammar school (1907). With the Hans-Böckler-Schule and the Leopold-Ullstein-Realschule there are two secondary schools and one business school, as well as three state vocational schools and the north and south support centers. Fürth is also the location of a technical and vocational college run by a special purpose association, the Max-Grundig-Schule . The Fürth Clinic operates vocational schools for nursing and children's nursing, the Hans-Weinberger-Akademie der Arbeiterwohlfahrt e. V. has its largest branch in Bavaria in Fürth with vocational schools for geriatric care and geriatric care assistance and a department for advanced training in geriatric care.
There are two universities in Fürth: since the founding of the Central Institute for New Materials and Process Technology (ZMP) at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg at the end of 2004, Fürth has become a university town . In 2012, the Wilhelm Löhe University of Applied Sciences was opened, offering courses in the health and social sectors.
With the topic of "Material Future", Fürth, together with Nuremberg and Erlangen, is one of the ten German cities for the meeting point of science in the 2009 Science Year.
Indoor and outdoor pools at Scherbsgraben: Outside there is a 50-meter pool (with eight lanes), a large, two-part non-swimmer pool with water features and a small slide, and an octagonal outdoor sauna pool. Indoor swimming pool in Stadeln: a swimmer and a non-swimmer pool.
The outdoor pool, which is over 50 years old, has been completely renovated. This resulted in an outdoor adventure pool with a slide. The diving tower was removed and the outdoor pool opened on June 24, 2006 with restricted operations. This was joined by the Fürthermare thermal baths, which opened at the end of 2007 . The indoor swimming pools, the new thermal baths and the outdoor swimming pool have been completely privatized and are now known as Bäderland Fürth.
The holdings of the Städtische Volksbücherei (Vobü) Fürth and branches have been available online since the end of 2003. The district of Burgfarrnbach has a city library and a city archive. The Fürth Citizens' Registration Office can also use digital innovations on its own website to provide information about the rush and the expected waiting time for applications at the Citizens Registration Office.
The Art Gallery Fürth , located on Königsplatz in the former building of the Sparkasse, is a municipal art gallery. Six to eight exhibitions on contemporary art have been held there every year since 2002.
The following institutions are responsible for maintaining public safety and order in Fürth:
- Fürth police station and the Fürth traffic police
- Federal Agency for Technical Relief , Local Association Fürth
- Professional fire brigade Fürth
- Fürth volunteer fire brigade
The rescue service is provided by the aid organization Bavarian Red Cross (BRK).
Culture and sights
Theater, comedy and cultural forum
The Stadttheater Fürth offers cross-disciplinary theater and music events at three venues . With the "3-step model" consisting of guest performances, co-productions and in-house productions, the Stadttheater Fürth presents drama, music theater, dance, concerts and children's and youth theater.
The building was built in 1902 according to plans by the Viennese theater architects Fellner and Helmer , which were based on the forms of the Italian Renaissance and Baroque. The Fürth City Theater is very similar to the City Theater of the Ukrainian city of Chernivtsi, which was built by the same architects .
The Comedy Fürth in the Art Nouveau building Berolzheimerianum was founded by the Franconian comedians Volker Heissmann and Martin Rassau . Both are nationally known in their star roles of Waltraud and Mariechen in Fürth dialect. For this purpose, the Comödie Fürth acts as a venue for ensembles from other renowned German boulevard theaters.
In addition to the established event locations, the Fürth Culture Forum has been developing since 1989 . In the old slaughterhouse you will find, among other things, the community-funded art-house cinema Ufer-Palast of the Fürth e. V. and two halls. The Kulturforum is also the preferred venue for the Stage Recreation 27, an amateur theater association.
In 2002 the slaughterhouse was completely renovated and converted into today's Kulturforum Fürth. On the area of the former slaughterhouse , on the banks of the Rednitz near the old town of Fürth, there is the Kulturforum Fürth with two venues and a program of concerts, cabaret and cabaret, literature and readings, visual arts, films (art house cinema Uferpalast), theater productions, other events (such as a puppet theater festival or an international klezmer festival ).
Gastronomy and retail
The Geismannsaal (access Alexanderstraße) built in 1895 was the most important and largest hall in Fürth. The famous poculator (a strong beer) was served in it. The Geismannsaal was demolished in 1982 to make way for the City Center Fürth shopping center .
A number of restaurants have existed since the 16th century on Gustavstrasse near the town hall in the historic center of the city. The street was named after Gustav Adolf in 1632 because he is said to have dined there in an inn. Small pubs, cafés, cocktail bars and restaurants with Franconian cuisine lined up there on both sides. For a number of years there have been disputes (17 complaints) between individual residents, some of whom have moved in with knowledge of the local situation, and the landlords about the noise pollution caused by the catering trade. The city of Fürth has also been sued several times by these residents. At the "Green Market", which is directly adjacent to Gustavstrasse, the restrictions are less and the local restaurants have different requirements.
Further shopping possibilities are mainly offered by the retail stores in the city center, two shopping centers and the weekly markets .
In contrast to many other cities in Germany, Fürth was relatively little destroyed by bombing raids during World War II, around twelve percent ( air raids on Fürth ). As a result, the historical townscape has largely been preserved, only in a few places was it disturbed by modern additions (e.g. the high-rise buildings at the train station, urban redevelopment south of Königstraße 1978/79, town hall on the Gänsberg ). Measured by the number of inhabitants, Fürth has the fourth highest density of architectural monuments among German cities (17 per 1,000 inhabitants).
Several streets with closed buildings from the 19th and early 20th centuries shape the image of the city center, which is why Fürth is considered a city of historicism in terms of art history . In the old town in the area of the town church St. Michael there are also ensembles from the 17th and 18th centuries. Particularly noteworthy are Gustavstrasse and Hornschuchpromenade and Königswarterstrasse in the old town quarter with their diverse apartment buildings from the Wilhelminian era and Art Nouveau . The historical cityscape continues into the southern part of the city, but here you can find former rental houses for workers, which is reflected in a less splendid facade design.
- The main location of the Jewish Museum Franconia was opened in Fürth in 1999. The core of the house dates back to the 17th century; it was owned by Jewish families until the late 19th century. Stucco ceilings, a historical arbor and a ritual bath in the cellar have been preserved. The museum presents the history and culture of the Jews in Franconia in a permanent exhibition . With the help of special exhibitions, the museum provides new insights into Franconian-Jewish history and into general Jewish culture. A bookstore and a café are attached to the museum with the Rachel Salamander literary shop.
- Fürth Broadcasting Museum .
- Stadtmuseum Fürth , (in the old Leopold-Ullstein-Schulhaus, Ottostraße).
- Ludwig Erhard Zentrum (LEZ), opening in June 2018.
- Since the end of 2002 there has been an exhibition space in the city for modern art with changing exhibitions in the form of the art gallery fürth in the rooms of the old district savings bank Fürth.
- Dialysis Museum Fürth in the Jakob-Henle- House on Robert-Koch-Straße.
The oldest surviving church in Fürth is the Protestant Church of St. Michael . It originates mainly from the Gothic period, but was later rebuilt several times. The church is probably the only building still in existence today that survived the great fire of September 8, 1634. An elongated, polygonally broken choir adjoins its nave hall with an asymmetrically integrated, mighty west tower in the east. The atmospheric interior dates back to the 19th century. A specialty is a sacrament house (around 1500).
The Catholic Church of Our Lady (1824–1828) is a classicist building, as is the Protestant Church of the Resurrection (1825/26) in today's city park, which is a former cemetery church and faces north-south. It was only when the plan drawing was discovered in 2001 that it became clear that Leo von Klenze was the architect of the Church of Our Lady .
The neo-Gothic church of St. Paul and the neo-baroque church of St. Heinrich and Kunigunde are located in the southern part of the city . There is also the Catholic parish Christkönig on the Hardhöhe with a church building from the 1970s.
There are also significant church buildings in the other parts of the city, especially the Protestant parish church of St. Peter and Paul in Poppenreuth ; it was the mother church of St. Sebald in Nuremberg until the 13th century .
Profane architectural monuments
The restored Liershof was built in 1621 (date) as a two-storey square building with high gable walls and a two-storey half-timbered half-timbered house. The Lochner garden house (Theaterstrasse 33) was built around 1700, to which the polygonal stair tower was added in 1750 (dated).
Burgfarrnbach Castle, built between 1830 and 1834, is one of the largest classical palace complexes in southern Germany and today houses the city archive. It was built on behalf of Count Pückler-Limburg by the Royal Bavarian Building Inspector Leonhard Schmidtner on the site of the former moated castle in Burgfarrnbach.
The Fürth town hall , with its 55 m high tower in the Italian style, was built by Georg Friedrich Christian Bürklein with the assistance of Eduard Bürklein , both of Friedrich von Gärtner's pupils , from 1840-1850. The tower is an adapted imitation of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence and is considered a symbol of the city. The construction of the town hall was the result of the elevation to the city II class, i.e. H. the granting of the right to own administration. In the time of the old Reich (before 1806) each of the three Lords of Fürth (Provost of Bamberg, Council of Nuremberg, Margrave of Ansbach) had his representative office in Fürth (office building - today supermarket on the Green Market , St. Michael's Church , escort house - Replaced in 1799 by a new building, which fell victim to the renovation). The building described by the owner as the “former town hall” (300 m south-west of the Michaelskirche) is the old shooting house (house of the shooting society), on the upper floor of which the “whole community” gathered if they wanted to meet without the supervision of the cathedral proponent bailiff. All citizens belonged to the “whole community”; H. all landowners and traders.
The entrance building of the historic train station , which Eduard Rüber designed, was built in 1863/1864.
The former slaughterhouse , now the Kulturforum, is located below the town hall, directly on the Rednitz. The Humbser brewery, now Tucher, extends on Schwabacher Strasse, with buildings from the beginning of the 20th century and the important Art Nouveau brewhouse from 1912.
In 1928 one of the first parking garages in Bavaria was built, the Central Garage, which was closed in 2003.
To the east of the Main-Danube Canal, on the site of the EuromedClinic, which opened in 1994, is the hotel pyramid with a glass facade, which is visible from a great distance .
The juggler fountain on the Green Market, created by Harro Frey in 2004 , is the youngest fountain in the city; it is composed of three independent groups of figures, two of which are connected by water elements.
The city park, which merges into the floodplains, extends along the Pegnitz . In addition to walking paths and benches, the park offers, among other things, duck ponds, a children's playground, a mini golf course, a rose garden, a meadow orchard created around 2001, various monuments and a botanical school garden.
In autumn 2004, the Südstadtpark was opened to the public on a former barracks site.
- May: Burgfarrnbach Citizens' Festival
- Spring: Grafflmarkt
- Spring: International Klezmer Festival (every two years)
- Summer: Beach volleyball tournament on the Fürther Freiheit
- Summer: New Orleans Festival at Fürther Freiheit (Blues & Rock)
- Summer: Fürth Festival (music events throughout the city center)
- Summer: Green Night at the Green Market (folk, blues, songwriter)
- Summer: Summer festival on the Hardhöhe
- Summer: Parish celebrations in the various districts and districts
- Summer: Metropolitan Marathon
- Autumn: Grafflmarkt
- September / October: Michaeliskirchweih , one of the largest and most important street church consecrations in Bavaria and at the same time the largest and most important folk festival in the city, for more than 800 years (start: Saturday after Michaelmas (= 29 September) )
- October: The Long Night of Sciences (since 2003 every two years)
- December: Christmas market on the Fürther Freiheit
- December: Old Town Christmas of the Old Town Association on Waagplatz .
City of Fürth prices
Since 1954 the city has awarded the Golden Citizen Medal of the City of Fürth and since 1970 the City of Fürth's Culture Prize and the Culture Promotion Prize . In 1996, the Jakob-Wassermann Literature Prize was added in honor of her great son . The special culture award has been a supplement to the list of art awards since 2012 . Also in 2012, the annual Louis Kissinger Prize for outstanding teachers at schools in Fürth was donated.
sport and freetime
Fürth became known in the sports world through the traditional club and three-time German soccer champion SpVgg Fürth (after joining the soccer department of TSV Vestenbergsgreuth , the club name is now SpVgg Greuther Fürth ). The club played in the Bundesliga in the 2012/13 season . The stadium on Laubenweg is located in the Ronhof district and goes back to the venue built by the game association in 1910 as the “Sportpark am Ronhofer Weg opposite the central cemetery”. At that time, the site was the largest sports field in Germany, and the “clover leaf” is one of the longest traditional clubs in Germany that have been playing at the same location for the longest time.
Until the 1950s, a natural swimming pool fed by the Rednitz had existed below the railway line towards Erlangen / Würzburg from the turn of the century . Two separate entrance portals for boys and girls have been preserved in the northern Rednitz bank area upstream and downstream of the bridge to the barbecue area. The immediately adjacent Waldmanns pond was also used for the natural pool.
There are mini-golf courses in the city park, on the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal near Burgfarrnbach and on the Pegnitz, just before the confluence with the Rednitz below the city cemetery. There is an indoor mini golf course in Südstadt.
People born in Fürth or people associated with the city (selection)
According to a survey of Fürth citizens from 2018, the ten most famous personalities are Ludwig Erhard , Max Grundig , Wilhelm Löhe , Grete and Gustav Schickedanz , Henry Kissinger , Alfred Nathan , Leopold Ullstein , Jakob Wassermann , Hans Schiller and Frieda Fronmüller . Also to be mentioned are the pathologist and doctor Jakob Henle , the philosopher Hermann Glockner , the footballer Karl Mai and the Austrian neuropediatrician and author Andreas Rett .
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- Alexander Mayer : On water, on land and in the air. A traffic story in Fürth. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2010, ISBN 978-3-86680-594-1 .
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- Barbara Ohm: Fürth. History of the city. Fürth: Verlag Jungkunz 2007, ISBN 978-3-9808686-1-7 .
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- Audiobooks: Volume chronicles “Fürth 1933.” to “Fürth 1982.” Volume chronicles Authors: Gert Kuntermann, Alfred Spitzley, Lothar Berthold.
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- Fürth: Pious legend
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- On the history of the Catholic Church in Fürth and the parish UL Frau ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- More and more people from Fürth decide against the church , October 22, 2017.
- Mosques in Fürth
- Website of the Humanist Association
- Facilities listed at HVD Bayern ( Memento of the original from November 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Concept of the Humanist Elementary School as a PDF file ( Memento of the original from May 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Humanists in focus - resistance of a diverse movement , website for the Berlin theme year Destroyed Diversity, 1933–1938–1945
- Adolf Schwammberger: Fürth from A to Z. A history lexicon. Self-published by the city of Fürth, 1968, p. 159.
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- Future Atlas 2019 | Handelsblatt. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
- Press release of the State Office on the occasion of the handover of the keys at the new headquarters in Fürth ( Memento of the original from October 28, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 28, 2016.
- Stadtentwicklung Fürth , loaded April 24, 2015.
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- http://www.fuerth.de/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-473/816_read-15915/ Fürth is a city of science
- Spa region Fürth
- Faster to the municipal identity card on August 21, 2017
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- City council of Fürth: Noise problem in gastronomy Gustavstrasse. City of Fürth, November 13, 2011, accessed on June 24, 2015 : “... that some of the complainants moved here at a time when the restaurants, especially on the weekends, were already attracting numerous visitors to this quarter and some traditional events, e.g. Some of them had already been established for decades (see newspaper clipping from 2008) or, as in the case of a resident of Waagstrasse who moved in on November 1, 2011 and complained about noise pollution on November 29, 2011. It must also be expressly pointed out that there were no noteworthy complaints from residents up to the summer of 2010. "
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- History of the sports facilities in Ronhof
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