|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Detmold|
|Height :||75 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||112.02 km 2|
|Residents:||100,861 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||900 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||33330-33335, 33311|
|Primaries :||05241, 05209|
|License plate :||GT|
|Community key :||05 7 54 008|
|LOCODE :||DE GOOD|
|City structure:||8 districts|
City administration address :
|Berliner Strasse 70
|Mayor :||Henning Schulz ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Gütersloh in the Gütersloh district|
Gütersloh ( Low German Gütsel ) is a large city in North Rhine-Westphalia . It is located in the state of Westphalia and belongs to the administrative district of Detmold ( Ostwestfalen-Lippe ). There it is a county seat with the status of a large county town . On September 30, 2018, the city's official population exceeded the 100,000 mark for the first time. Since then, Gütersloh has been the third East Westphalian city alongside Bielefeld and Paderborn .
Gütersloh is located southwest of the Teutoburg Forest on the northeastern edge of the Westphalian Bay in the Ems sand plain . According to the handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany , the natural spatial unit, the Gütersloh sand plain , is assigned to the East Munsterland sands within the Ems sand plain.
The Dalke flows through the city from east to west, crosses the city park and the city center and flows into the Ems not far from the city limits . Before that, Dalke recorded the Wapelbach near the “Neue Mühle” in the Pavenstädt district . The Lutter , which also flows into the Ems at Harsewinkel, flows through the Isselhorst district to the northeast of the city center .
Acid, nutrient-poor Podzol soils predominate in the urban area , which arose from deposits during the Quaternary period from glacial meltwater on the one hand and river sediments on the other. In places the deposits are covered by drift sands and form Podzol- Regosol floors. Such soils can be found in the Rheda forest, for example. Overall, the urban area is characterized by barren, fine to medium sandy soil.
Gütersloh is medium to good, in some north-eastern locations it is very suitable for the use of geothermal heat sources by means of a geothermal probe and heat recovery through heat pump heating (see the adjacent map).
Expansion and use of the urban area
The total area of the city of Gütersloh is 111.99 km² . The largest extension in north-south direction is about 13.5 km, in east-west direction about 15 km.
The use of the land area is divided into pastures / meadows (32 percent), fields (32 percent) and settlement areas (28 percent), each around a third. The remaining eight percent is accounted for by forests. In the period from 1975 to 2005, around eight km² of land was sealed, mainly at the expense of agricultural land.
In addition to the official district of “Gütersloh”, the city also includes the seven municipalities of Avenwedde , Ebbesloh , Friedrichsdorf , Hollen , Isselhorst , Niehorst and Spexard , which existed until 1969 and were incorporated as part of the North Rhine-Westphalian municipal reform.
The Gütersloh district only exists in its officially designated size on paper. In fact, it consists of the seven different districts of Gütersloh (city center) , Pavenstädt , Flughafen , Blankenhagen , Nordhorn , Sundern and Kattenstroth (see dashed lines in the graphic), which are only officially combined into one district, "Gütersloh", as it was incorporated as early as 1910 and thus have been connected to the core city of Gütersloh for longer than the other districts. In the population consciousness, in public transport and in local media, however, these are definitely differentiated and, like the other districts, have their own identities and areas. They are also recognized by the city itself as so-called “colloquial districts”. An exception is a part of the airport site, which in the consciousness of the population is more likely to belong to the neighboring Pavenstädt, but is designated by the city of Gütersloh as a separate "colloquial district".
|Gütersloh core town||?||1.25||?|
|Official district of Gütersloh (entire)||62,640||50.70||1,236|
Gütersloh borders on seven cities and communities: in the north on Steinhagen , in the north-east on Bielefeld , in the east on Verl , in the south-east on Rietberg , in the south-west on Rheda-Wiedenbrück , in the west on Herzebrock-Clarholz and in the north-west on Harsewinkel . With the exception of the independent city of Bielefeld, all of these cities and communities are in the Gütersloh district .
Gütersloh belongs to the moderate climate zone of Central Europe. It is in the range of the sub-Atlantic maritime climate. The winters are mostly mild under the influence of the Atlantic and the summers are moderately warm. The long-term mean from 1961 to 1990 was the annual temperature in Gütersloh 9.2 ° C. This means that the climate in Gütersloh is warmer than the German average (8.4 ° C). The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 17.2 ° C, the coldest month is January with 1.3 ° C.
Due to the location in the sub-Atlantic maritime climate, a humid climate prevails all year round with relatively evenly distributed rainfall. A total of 762 mm precipitation per year at the airport station, and 734 mm at the waterworks station close to the city center. This means that more precipitation falls than the German average (700 mm), but significantly less than on the south-western slopes of the adjacent Teutoburg Forest , where up to 1,200 mm of precipitation fall per year due to incline rain.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Gütersloh (1961–1990)
One of the oldest evidence of human settlement in Gütersloh is the "Pavenstädter Riesenbecher ", which is dated to the 17th century BC. The mug made of yellow, coarsely emaciated , brittle, crumbly clay is 40 cm high and holds 12 liters. The giant beaker was found in 1951 in Pavenstädt in the confluence of Dalke and Wapel and is now in the LWL Museum for Archeology in Herne.
The village of Gütersloh was first mentioned in 1184 in a document from the Bishop of Osnabrück . Places and districts belonging to the urban area today were z. Sometimes mentioned for the first time much earlier: Isselhorst in 1050, Spexard, Pavenstädt and Nordhorn in 1088, Ebbesloh in 1151.
Today's urban area of Gütersloh belonged to five historical territories in the 16th century: the rule of Rheda , to which the village of Gütersloh itself belonged, the Prince Diocese of Osnabrück , the County of Rietberg , the County of Ravensberg and the Prince Diocese of Münster .
From 1524 an open power struggle arose between the rule of Rheda under Count Konrad von Tecklenburg-Schwerin and the principality of Osnabrück over the borders and rights of the rule of Rheda. The Reckenberg Office of the Prince Diocese of Osnabrück, administered from Wiedenbrück, was militarily weak due to its geographical location as an exclave with no direct connection to the Prince Diocese and initially offered little resistance to the territorial claims of the Count, so that the Lords of Rheda gained considerable influence in the parish of Gütersloh. After the Count's death in 1557, the disputes in the Bielefeld Recess in 1565 and in the Wiedenbrück Treaty of June 9, 1565 were settled and the boundaries were redefined: The farmers in Blankenhagen , Pavenstädt and Nordhorn, including the not yet independent farmers in Sundern , fell under the rule of Rheda, the farming communities Avenwedde , Kattenstroth and Spexard remained with the Prince Diocese of Osnabrück.
During the Seven Years' War , the French Marshal d'Estrées moved into quarters near Gütersloh in 1757 . On July 1, 1758 in a battle near Gütersloh defeated five Prussian Hussar squadrons under Narzinski two French hussar regiments .
In 1803 the Principality of Osnabrück and with it Avenwedde, Kattenstroth and Spexard were added to the Electorate of Hanover after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , which in turn fell to Prussia in 1806 . After Napoleon's victory over Prussia, this part of today's urban area belonged to the canton of Wiedenbrück in the Paderborn district of the Fulda department in the Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 . The rule of Rheda came to the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1808 . The border between the Kingdom of Westphalia and the Grand Duchy of Berg in what is now the inner city of Gütersloh was the Dalke . In 1815, both the former Reckenberg office and the rule of Rheda and thus Gütersloh itself finally fell to Prussia.
On December 8, 1825, King Friedrich Wilhelm III. of Prussia in a cabinet order Gütersloh city rights . The council constitution (city council, magistrate, elected mayor) was only introduced with the adoption of the city ordinance in 1842. The farming communities Blankenhagen, Nordhorn, Pavenstädt and Sundern, which had previously formed a unified municipality with the city, separated as the new municipality of Gütersloh -Land from the common administration. On January 12, 1844, the town received a coat of arms from the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV .
In 1847 Gütersloh was connected to the main line of the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft and the station was opened. The beginning of industrialization in the middle of the 19th century and the convenient location directly on the railway line led to the settlement of important companies and to strong growth of the city. The increasing movement of goods and people required the expansion of the road network. From 1877 to 1879 the road to Marienfeld was built , from 1879 to 1882 the connection to Brockhagen , from 1881 to 1883 the road to Verl and Neuenkirchen and from 1902 to 1903 the connection to Friedrichsdorf. The Teutoburger Wald-Eisenbahn- Gesellschaft (TWE), founded in 1899 with the financial participation of the city of Gütersloh, opened the branch line Ibbenbüren – Lengerich (Westphalia) –Gütersloh – Hövelhof between 1900 and 1903 . In 1907 the Miele company moved its headquarters from Herzebrock to Gütersloh.
In 1851 the Evangelisch Stiftische Gymnasium started its activities. In 1861 the Protestant Martin Luther Church was completed according to plans by the Barmen architect Christian Heyden . The gasworks opened in 1862, the town hall in 1864 , the brewery in 1868 and the Imperial Post Office in 1885. On October 15, 1890, Paderborn's auxiliary bishop Augustinus Gockel consecrated the Catholic St. Pankratius Church . In 1871 Johannes Kuhlo founded the Gütersloh high school trombone choir .
The persecution of the Jewish population in Gütersloh reached a climax during the November pogroms in 1938 . Three houses and the synagogue were burned down and two houses were devastated. From 1941 the Jewish population was deported to the concentration camps, 27 people died. In 1932, 67 people of Jewish faith were still living in the city; in 1943 there were no more. After 1945 there was no longer a Jewish community in Gütersloh.
In the Gütersloh Psychiatric Provincial Sanatorium (later Westfälische Landesklinik, today LWL-Klinikum), a total of 1017 patients were deported to killing centers such as Hadamar as part of the National Socialist “euthanasia” programs Aktion T4 and Aktion Brandt . Only 220 of them survived.
Between 1939 and 1945, around 3,800 foreigners were obliged to do forced labor in the city's factories and households, 156 of whom died. The Wehrmacht owned two facilities in the city between 1935 and 1945, Gütersloh Airport (now the Princess Royal Barracks) and an air intelligence barracks (now Mansergh Barracks). The NSDAP and its branches had set up 14 offices in Gütersloh. During the Second World War , Gütersloh was the target of Allied air raids from 1940. Several hundred people died and about 25 percent of the buildings were destroyed. On April 1, 1945, American troops occupied the city. In August 1945 the city and the airport were handed over to the British Army of the Rhine , which set up a garrison there.
On January 1, 1973 Gütersloh received the status of a district town with the entry into force of the “Law on the reorganization of the municipalities and districts of the reorganization area Bielefeld ( Bielefeld Law )”.
The Gütersloh City Museum offers a tour through around 800 years of Gütersloh history from the point of view of infrastructure development . The museum was opened in 1986 with departments on the history of industry and medicine and expanded in 1997 to include aspects of the city's history.
Gütersloh was under the influence of the Ravensberg Awakening Movement and was therefore strongly Protestant - Pietist for many years . The missionary Peter Heinrich Brincker and the theologians Hans Schöttler and August Hermann Franke come from Gütersloh, while the “Pietist General” Johann Heinrich Volkening and the “Trumpet General” Johannes Kuhlo , who founded the Gütersloh high school trombone choir in 1871, worked in Gütersloh . In the middle of the 19th century, the Gütersloh community in the surrounding area was considered a shining example of piety , so that the village was also called " Nazareth " (see also under curiosities ). The establishment of the Evangelisch Stiftisches Gymnasium in 1851 and the publishing activities of C. Bertelsmann Verlag , which printed hymns and theological writings from 1835, strengthened this reputation.
Since Gütersloh is a stronghold of the Arameans and Assyrians living in Germany, a relatively large number of Syrian Orthodox Christians live in the city . With St. Lukas , St. Maria and St. Stephanus there are three Syrian Orthodox communities.
A Baptist congregation has existed in the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches (BEFG) since 1949, with 210 members being given for 2015. A brother community in the Avenwedde district also belongs to the BEFG .
Since 2015 there has been a free church in the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden (BFP) with an average number of visitors of around 60 (as of 2018) who use the premises of the Weberei Gütersloh cultural center .
The Jewish community had between 1820 and 1900 always a little less than 100 members, representing a share from 4.3 percent in 1820 and 1.2 percent in 1900 in the total population. From 1900 the number of parishioners steadily decreased. When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, there were still 62 Jews living in the city, when the Second World War broke out in 1939 there were still 35, and from 1943 none. After the war there was no longer a Jewish community in Gütersloh. One of the few places in the city where Jewish community life in the past can be seen is the New Jewish Cemetery .
The proportion of Catholics in Gütersloh made up only between 10 and 15 percent until the former peasantry was incorporated in 1910; in 1950 around a third of Gütersloh were Catholic. In 2000, 34,419 of the 95,434 inhabitants were Protestant, 34,291 Catholic and 26,773 belonged to other religions or were non-denominational . According to the 2011 census, 30,465 of the inhabitants were Protestant, 31,118 Catholic and 32,589 belonged to other religions or were non-denominational . In 2019, of the around 100,000 inhabitants, 30% (around 30,000) were Catholic, 29% Protestant and 41% belong to other religions or are non-denominational.
In 1868 a small, uninhabited part of the community of Gütersloh-Land was incorporated into the city of Gütersloh. On April 1, 1910, Gütersloh-Land was completely incorporated. The village of Kattenstroth was also incorporated into the municipality of Kattenstroth-Spexard , which was then renamed Spexard . On April 1, 1939 and December 1, 1943, two smaller, inhabited parts of the communities of Marienfeld ( Warendorf district ) (76 ha) and Herzebrock (87 ha) were changed to the town of Gütersloh.
As part of the North Rhine-Westphalian regional reorganization of the "Law on the restructuring of the circle Wiedenbrück and parts of the district Bielefeld" of 4 December 1969, January 1, 1970 through § 2, the three municipalities Avenwedde, Friedrichsdorf and Spexard from the Office Avenwedde that four communities Ebbesloh, Hollen, Isselhorst (mostly) and Niehorst from the Brackwede district ( Bielefeld district ) as well as smaller parts of the communities Herzebrock, Nordrheda-Ems , Ummeln , Varensell and Verl incorporated into the city of Gütersloh. The Avenwedde office was dissolved; The legal successor is the city of Gütersloh. On January 1, 1973, in the course of the implementation of the Bielefeld Act, Gütersloh saw a smaller area increase when part of the municipality of Senne I , which had around 370 inhabitants at that time, was incorporated.
In the Middle Ages , Gütersloh was only a small village with a few dozen inhabitants. Even at the beginning of modern times , the place only had a few hundred residents. It was not until the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century that the city began to grow more rapidly. While only 2,844 people lived in the city in 1830, in 1939 there were already around 33,000. After that, the population continued to grow. On 31 December 2011, was official population of Gutersloh after updating State Office for Data Processing and Statistics 97127 (only primary residences and after comparison with other state offices and the about 2500 in Gütersloh stationed British soldiers and their families, a total of about 5,800 British citizens (as 2012), are therefore not included in these statistics).
The following overview shows the population figures according to the respective territorial status. The figures before 1818 are mostly estimates, up to 1970 and mostly census results for 1987, and official updates by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics for 1965 and from 1975 onwards . The numbers 1975-1985 are estimated values, the numbers from 1990 extrapolations based on the results of the census of 1987. The figures relate since 1871 and for 1946 to the local attendees population , from 1925 to the resident population and since 1985 the population in the Location of the main residence . Before 1871, the population figures were determined using inconsistent survey methods.
¹ census result
With 100,194 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Gütersloh has been the 81st major city in Germany since 2018. After Bielefeld and Paderborn, it is the third largest city in the Detmold administrative region . In a Germany-wide comparison, the city ranks 81st among the most populous cities and in North Rhine-Westphalia 30th (as of December 31, 2018).
At 11.9 percent, the proportion of foreigners and migrants in the total population is in the range of the overall German average (11.8 percent), a value that has increased by about one per thousand as a result of refugee allocations from the end of 2015. The share of the population was highest in the city center (18.4 percent) and in the Blankenhagen district (15.5 percent), and lowest in Friedrichsdorf (0.6 percent) and Isselhorst (2 percent) (as of December 31, 2014).
Origin of name
The city name Gütersloh results from the words loh and Gu (n) ter , i.e. a cleared area owned by a person named Gunter.
The city council has 52 elected officials. These are the mayor and the council members elected in the local elections on May 25, 2014 , who represent the following parties:
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||38.33||20th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||28.20||15th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||11.35||6th|
|BfGT||Citizens for Gütersloh||11.06||6th|
|UWG||Independent voter community||2.85||2|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||2.84||1|
Gütersloh belongs to the Gütersloh II state electoral district , in which Raphael Tigges (CDU) was elected as a direct candidate in the 2017 state election . Together with Wibke Brems (Greens), who entered the state parliament through her party's state list, the constituency is represented by two politicians in Düsseldorf.
At the federal level, Gütersloh belongs to the Gütersloh constituency , in which Ralph Brinkhaus (CDU) was elected as a direct candidate in 2009 and 2013 . This was confirmed in 2017, and Elvan Korkmaz (SPD) also moved in via the state list for the constituency .
The election results of the last few years:
|Parties and constituencies||Bundestag election 2013||
Local election 2014
|Local election 2014
|European elections 2014||State election 2017||Bundestag election 2017|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union||41.0%||38.3%||39.7%||36.9%||35.3%||33.8%|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||31.5%||28.2%||31.0%||31.8%||31.8%||25.4%|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||8.9%||11.4%||13.6%||12.4%||7.4%||9.2%|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||4.6%||2.8%||3.1%||3.0%||11.0%||12.0%|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||3.5%||-||4.5%||5.4%||6.6%||9.5%|
|Pirates||Pirate Party Germany||2.1%||-||-||1.3%||0.8%||0.4%|
The current mayor is Henning Schulz . With a turnout of 31.78 percent, Schulz, who ran for the CDU, won the runoff election on September 27, 2015 with 61.92 percent of the vote (= 15,464).
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In a green shield, whichis framedby a sixteen black-and-silver shield edge , three silver oblique bars, covered with a six-spoke red wheel."|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The corrugated beams symbolize the location of the city in the water-rich landscape between Ems , Dalke and Lutter . The wheel stands for the flywheel of a spinning wheel - representative of the fine yarn spinning mill formerly located in Gütersloh (see today's cultural center Die Weberei ) - and symbolizes industry and progress . Green and white (silver) have been the established city colors since 1843. Black and white in the edge of the shield are the national colors of Prussia , which are derived from the white coat of the Teutonic Knights embroidered with a black cross.|
The logo of the city of Gütersloh shows the flywheel of the spinning wheel as a central element of the city coat of arms in a stylized form. The traditional city colors green and white were complemented by blue.
It all started in 1977 with the city of Châteauroux in central France . On the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the town twinning between Châteauroux – Gütersloh in 2012, a bridge over the Indre - the oldest connection across the river in the city - was named “Pont Gütersloh”.
In 1978 the English administrative district Broxtowe was added, in 1989 the Polish city of Grudziądz (Graudenz) on the Vistula , in 1994 the Swedish city of Falun , which is characterized by copper mining, and in 2008 the Russian engineering center Rschew .
A wine sponsorship is also maintained with the wine town of Lorch in the Rheingau .
The student body is represented by the Gütersloh Youth Parliament (JuPa for short). The schools in Gütersloh send committed pupils to this committee who plan activities and events for young people in Dalkestadt. In addition to the JuPa, there is the Gütersloher Junge Union , the Jusos , the Julis , the Grüne Jugend , Linksjugend Solid and the SDAJ .
Culture and sights
The city's old theater, the Paul-Thöne-Halle, was closed in 2003 for security reasons. After the closure, theater performances took place in the neighboring town hall of Gütersloh . The construction of the new Gütersloh theater , which is designed for 530 seats, began in early 2008. The theater for opera and drama was opened on March 13, 2010. The Gütersloh theater is a guest theater. Since Christian Schäfer took over the artistic direction in 2013, his own productions have also been shown.
Every two years, Gütersloh is the venue for the final week of the International Singing Competition New Voices , a project by the Bertelsmann Foundation . After a worldwide casting, the most promising young talents from the opera field will sing in the Gütersloh town hall .
The Die Weberei cultural center is an important venue, especially for rock-pop music events such as concerts, disco or parties, but also for cabaret performances, theater performances or readings . It includes a youth center, a pub, a cinema and disco rooms. → Main article: The weaving mill (Gütersloh)
Gütersloh is a venue of international standing in the jazz sector. Even greats like Miles Davis and Ray Charles appeared in the long-standing Jazz concert series in Gütersloh . In 2014, 2017, 2018 and 2019 the WDR 3 Jazzfest took place in Gütersloh.
In 1871 was the Evangelical School of Stiftisches John Kuhlo of high school-Posaunenchor Gütersloh founded. Since its inception, it has only been administered and directed by students (the conductors call themselves “Presidents”) and without the involvement of teachers. The Big Band and the ESG Stiftskantorei also shape concert life in the city.
The music school for the district of Gütersloh , founded in 1968 on the initiative of a string quartet made up of city director Diestelmeier, manufacturer Zinkann, architect Tödtmann and lawyer Wißmann, has its headquarters in Kirchstrasse. 18 and also resides in the old district court in Königstrasse 1. Responsible for the entire district area, she looks after almost 4,000 schoolchildren and makes her own contribution to the cultural life of the region in around 150 events every year. The music school's own symphony orchestra also represents the city and district on trips abroad under the name of the Gütersloher Philharmonic Orchestra (including 2004 Brazil, 2006 Argentina, 2008 Latvia).
The Westfälische Kammerphilharmonie Gütersloh , founded in 1990, is one of the leading independent orchestras in North Rhine-Westphalia. It consists of members of well-known German cultural orchestras, freelance musicians and students from renowned music colleges and thus forms a special feature in the German orchestral landscape. The director is a former president of the high school trombone choir of the ESG. The ensemble's repertoire also includes compositions by the Gütersloh composer Hans Werner Henze .
One of the most traditional institutions in Gütersloh is the Städtische Musikverein Gütersloh , whose roots go back to a choir founded in 1857. The association's documents can be viewed in the Gütersloh City Archives . Well known beyond the city limits is the Gütersloh Bach Choir , founded in 1946 as the choir of the Evangelical Church Community and led for a long time by KMD Hermann Kreutz and since 1992 by KMD Sigmund Bothmann , which can refer to several prizes in choir competitions.
The Gütersloh City Museum (Kökerstraße 7-11) is supported by the Gütersloh Heimatverein. The museum located in the middle of the city center shows an extensive permanent exhibition on the one hand on the history of the city and on the other hand on industrial and medical history , whereby the exhibits on these two topics go beyond the local framework. There are also changing special exhibitions.
In the Miele Museum (Carl-Miele-Str. 29), visitors can explore the history of Gütersloh's home appliance manufacturer Miele from 1899 to the present day. The individual Miele products are presented in the historical context of social events and technical developments. In addition to washing machines, dishwashers, milk centrifuges, bicycles and motorcycles, the only surviving example of the automobiles produced before the First World War is on display. The museum, founded in 1986, was part of the Germany - Land of Ideas initiative in 2006 .
The Westphalian Small Railway and Steam Locomotive Museum ("Mühlenstroth", Postdamm 166) is operated by the Mühlenstroth small steam train . Located halfway between Gütersloh and Isselhorst , historic locomotives run there in summer on an almost 1 km long circuit. The public perceives the site less as a museum in the classic sense, but more as a popular destination for cyclists, especially for families with children. There is a restaurant with a coffee garden and a children's playground, and you can take the train around the site in an open or saloon car. "Mühlenstroth" is open on all Sundays and public holidays between May and October.
The Evangelical Apostle Church , the oldest church building in the city, was destroyed in 1944 except for the west tower. The simple nave vaulted by a pointed barrel was rebuilt from 1951 according to plans by Werner March .
The Martin Luther Church was built by Christian Heyden from 1857 to 1861 . It is a neo-Gothic hall church with a west tower. The interior is provided with circumferential galleries. Inside hangs a chandelier from 1659. The (probably) original zinc cast of a baptismal angel by the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen, which was donated to the community in the 19th century by the then Prussian crown prince, is particularly noteworthy.
The Catholic parish church of St. Pankratius is a large neo-Romanesque brick basilica with a west tower and was built in 1889–1891 by the Paderborn diocesan master builder Arnold Güldenpfennig . Remnants of the contemporary furnishings have been preserved. There is also a Romanesque crucifix from around 1100 and the statue of St. Pancras from the second half of the 14th century.
The Gospel Church on the northern outskirts is one of the city's youngest monuments. The church with the unusual hexagonal floor plan was completed in 1960.
In the Isselhorst district, the local Evangelical Church in the center of the village is worth mentioning. It houses a wing of the so-called Isselhorster Altar, which was built around 1400.
Other churches in the city are the Christ-König-Kirche in Nordhorn , the Heilig-Geist-Kirche in Pavenstädt , the Liebfrauenkirche in Kattenstroth , the Matthäuskirche in Sundern, the Holy Family in Blankenhagen , St. Brother Konrad in Spexard, the Church in Isselhorst Church of Maria Königin , in Avenwedde the Herz-Jesu- and Christkirche , in Friedrichsdorf St. Friedrich and Johanneskirche as well as the Kreuzkirche - a simultaneous church - on the premises of the LWL-Klinik.
The church ring development in the area of the Apostle Church with half-timbered houses from the 17th and 18th centuries is almost completely preserved. Of these are worth mentioning:
- Veerhoffhaus, Am Alten Kirchplatz 2: Gabled house with a large hall, marked on the archway in 1708 and 1790 (conversion). The upper floor protrudes far over Knaggen . The three-storey rear building, decorated with fan rosettes, was probably built as a warehouse between 1647 and 1649. Today the house serves as the gallery of the art association Kreis Gütersloh. It was Monument of the Month in Westphalia-Lippe in December 2011.
- Kirchstrasse 4: hall house from 1658, the side opening was added in 1721.
- Kirchstrasse 11: In 2016, post holes dating from at least the 12th century were discovered in the cellar of house No. 11. They are evidence of a post structure typical of the time, which was later replaced by half-timbered buildings.
- Alte Vikarie, Kirchstraße 10: The half-timbered eaves house with a late baroque portal was built in 1779.
- Villa Bartels, Kirchstrasse 21: slated half-timbered eaves house with 11 axes; the five-axis core structure was built in 1778. In the first half of the 19th century it was rebuilt and expanded by the textile entrepreneur Bartels. The façade was slated from this time. The entrance door still shows rococo forms . Today the Villa Bartels houses the registry office.
Outside the church square, only a few older half-timbered buildings have survived, including the building at Kökerstraße 7 , which was built around 1800 and is now used as the city museum . Just like the hallway at Königstraße 7 , which was designated in 1801, it has a street-side opening. The Weberhaus in Münsterstrasse 9 from 1649 forms the last remnant of the buildings on this street that used to consist of half-timbered houses . Together with the Veerhoffhaus, it is one of the two oldest secular buildings still preserved in the inner city area.
The theater of the city of Gütersloh is one of the most modern and, according to architecture experts , one of the most beautiful theaters of recent times. Designed by Jörg Friedrich (Hamburg) as part of a competition, it was opened on March 13, 2010. The theater is located in the immediate vicinity of the historic water tower and the city hall, which opened in 1979.
The Meierhof is a courtyard area surrounded on all sides by a moat and probably the nucleus of the city of Gütersloh. The residential building, erected between 1811 and 1813, is a single-storey half-timbered building with a gabled middle section.
The Evangelisch Stiftische Gymnasium (Feldstrasse) is a three-story brick building with a roof turret and was built in 1928. The structure, strictly structured by triangular projecting wall pillars, is strongly reminiscent of the buildings created by Fritz Höger in northern Germany.
The Schlütersche Villa (Moltkestraße 10a) is a clinker brick building with a flat roof in the New Objectivity style and was built in 1927/28 by the architect Fritz Viemann.
The Gütersloh water tower on Friedrichstrasse was put into operation in 1888.
The former weaving mill Greve und Güth (Bogenstrasse 1-8) was founded in 1874. The boiler house and machine house, as well as the piece goods store and the former weaving rooms have been preserved from the early days. The office building was added in 1901, the other buildings were built between 1912 and 1927. Today the cultural center Die Weberei is located here.
The former district court (Berliner Platz) is a building complex built in 1907/08 in the neo-renaissance style . The main building is equipped with a roof turret and a front bay. Today it is a music school building and a police station.
In the rural outskirts of Gütersloh, a number of main and auxiliary agricultural buildings have been preserved:
The Spexard farmhouse on Lukasstraße in Spexard was originally the main house of the Meier to Berens farm, first mentioned in 1370. From 1993 it was moved to Lukasstraße in coordination with the Westphalian Office for the Preservation of Monuments. The half-timbered building is now available to all clubs and groups for events as a community center.
The former main building of Hof Amtenbrink (Amtenbrinksweg 208), a two-column half-timbered building designated in 1591, was renovated shortly after 1800.
On the Meierhof Rassfeld at Meier-zu-Rassfeld-Weg 15 in Blankenhagen there is a storage facility built in 1578 . The two-storey building with quarter-circle footbands was extended to the north in 1754. The ground floor was massively renewed later. In 1975 the building was restored. The sheepfold dates back to the 17th century. The historic Deele is used today for festivals and other events; There is also a farm shop and a guest house on the farm.
For other structures see → List of architectural monuments in Gütersloh .
The Stadtpark Gütersloh was built in 1908/09 on a site on the Dalke . In 1912 the park was expanded to include a botanical garden . City park and botanical garden are part of the garden route Ostwestfalen-Lippe of the European Garden Heritage Network - EGHN and have been awarded the Green Flag Award.
The 38,505 m² Mohns Park leisure facility has a children's paddling pool, a miniature golf course with billiards golf course, which was renovated in 2007 , several sports fields, a Kneipp pool and a roller hockey facility that can be flooded in winter and used for ice skating . An open-air stage with 1,100 seats, which was built from the rubble of the war and is the scene of the Gütersloher Sommer series of events, has been on the site since 1949 .
The park of the LWL-Klinikum Gütersloh , in which the partly listed clinic buildings as well as the Kreuzkirche and the clinic cemetery are embedded, is open to the public. Among other things, there is a fallow deer enclosure and a duck pond on the site.
The Riegerpark is a green area on the site of the former Rieger nursery with a direct connection to the Dalkepromenade. The park was renovated from 1998 to 2002.
Natural monuments and nature reserves
In the area of the city of Gütersloh, three nature reserves are designated (see illustration), which cover a total of 2.66% of the city area: Am Lichtebach , the nature reserve Spexard and the Große Wiese , which is partly in the area of the city of Verl. All three nature reserves are wet meadow reserves .
The major Gütersloh events opened in the second half of March, the Gütersloh Spring around the house and garden. The local horticultural companies present their skills in the city center. In May / June, the long night art follows , when many museums, galleries and other institutions are open into the night. At Whitsun there is the Gütersloh wine market on Kolbeplatz with wines from German growing areas, while the Whitsun fair takes place on the market square .
Throughout the summer holidays, numerous concerts, theater performances and cabaret will take place on the open-air stage in Mohns Park under the motto Gütersloh Summer . Present in late summer in Gütersloh for connoisseurs selected local dining establishments in the Dalke floodplains haute cuisine under the stars. Since 1976, Gütersloh International has been multicultural in and in front of the town hall , where folklore and music groups from foreign cultural associations from Gütersloh put together a colorful program. In the summer, national and international artists present their program for free on the Dreiecksplatz on five evenings during the week of small arts . This small square between the town hall and the city center also hosts the weekly cultural meeting Friday 18 from May to September , where local and regional artist groups are given the opportunity to perform. These cultural events are organized by the Dreiecksplatz cultural community with voluntary helpers and with the help of sponsors who are enthusiastic about culture.
At the end of September the Michaelmas week starts with the big Michaeliskirmes . Hearty specialties not only from Westphalia are on sale for four days in October at the Gütersloh ham market. Traditionally, the year ends with the Christmas market , which takes place on Berliner Platz, Kolbeplatz and on the Alte Kirchplatz.
Other regular events:
- Parkour Camp (for 3 days, traceurs from all over Germany meet)
- Short film festival in the arthouse cinema "bambi"
- Literature Summer, a series of literary events organized by the Gütersloh City Library in late summer
- Reading Spring, a joint series of events organized by the Gütersloh and Bielefeld city libraries for children aged 3 to 13 years
- European Culture Week, since 1984, in September / October, readings, concerts, films and other events on a European country (2007 France, 2008 Great Britain, 2009 Poland, 2010 Russia)
- Duck race on the Dalke in the city park, charity event for the benefit of the child protection center, swimming competition between plastic ducks
- Rock the tower, concert at the water tower
- German Open, Speed Cubing Championship
- Youth culture festival in the youth center component 5 and in the cultural center Die Weberei
Customs and Traditions
Several Gütersloh rifle clubs maintain the tradition of shooting. Some of their respective shooting festivals have a much longer history than the aforementioned events. The first festival of the Gütersloher Schützengesellschaft took place in 1832.
At Easter, numerous Easter bonfires are lit in the vicinity of Gütersloh .
The Martin Luther Church is home to the night singing bell , a tradition that can be traced back to around 1790. From Reformation Day on October 31 to Candlemas on February 2, a bell ringer sits in the church tower above Gütersloh every Saturday evening and before every public holiday. They control the bells and their rhythm by hand and with ropes. For years, this old custom has been almost unique in Germany and has been documented in some film recordings.
On St. Martin's Day in November and partly on the days before and after, children and kindergartens organize St. Martin's parades . They ring the doorbell, sing Martinslieder and expect a small gift in the form of sweets in return. This custom has been declining more and more in recent years. The largest Martinszug is organized by the tourist office on November 11th in the city center. In the 1980s, the Michaeliswoche association tried, with little success, to revive the old custom of Michael’s singing on Michael’s Day. Children go from door to door with the Michel song sung in Low German and ask for sweets and fruit.
A special Gütersloh custom is associated with the high school trombone choir . During Advent blowing , the trumpet choir plays Christmas carols in the morning hours of the Advent Sundays from 3:30 in the morning at various locations throughout the city. The highlight of the Christmas season is the blowing of the tower on Christmas Eve, when the trumpet choir recites its songs from the tower and balcony of the Evangelical Collegiate High School. Although the concert, which starts at midnight, lasts less than a quarter of an hour, several thousand people meet in front of the school every year.
Advent singing is even older. In almost all of Gütersloh's districts, singers from the Protestant parishes roam the streets on Advent Sundays and sing traditional Advent songs under almost every street lamp.
The hearty Westphalian cuisine is traditionally to be found in Gütersloh .
Gütersloh's specialty is pumpernickel , topped with Westphalian ham . In 1989 the tourist office tried to create further “specialties” with the “Gütersloher Bierbraten”, the Gütersloher Art green cabbage run, the “Gütersloher Ratsherrenteller” and the “Gütersloher Flammchen”, an alcoholic hot drink, but failed due to the resistance of the restaurateurs. Also popular is the Pickert , which around 1900 the people of Gütersloh liked to bake according to a special recipe from a dough made of flour, milk, eggs, currants and yeast in the form of a large bread box, which is now served in restaurants but also in other variations. The Möpkenbrot, a blood sausage-like specialty with grain, is also popular. It is usually fried and served with heaven and earth (potatoes and applesauce).
Beverage specialties are the Steinhäger juniper schnapps from neighboring Steinhagen, the bitter Schroeders Boonekamp (“ Verler Heimatwasser”) and the beer specialties brewed in the Gütersloh brewery .
In 2006 there were 95 sports clubs in Gütersloh with a total of 25,000 members. The city has 24 sports fields and 39 sports halls , eleven of which are 22 × 45 meters and larger, as well as three outdoor and two indoor pools .
The most famous sports club in town is FC Gütersloh , which played with its first men's team from 1996 to 1999 in the 2nd Bundesliga before it was re-established in 2000 . The women's team spun off before the 2009/2010 season and was active as the newly founded FSV Gütersloh 2009 in the 2012/13 season in the women's Bundesliga , while the first men's team of FC Gütersloh in the Oberliga Westfalen , the 5th division, plays. SV Spexard 1950 plays in the Westphalia League.
The FSV Gütersloh 2009 (previously the women's department of FC Gütersloh) has been organizing the Gütersloh Indoor Masters since 2000 , Germany's largest indoor tournament for B junior teams (U17s) that is now international. Since 2005, the local radio station has been organizing the Radio Gütersloh Cup , where the district's top men's teams meet in preparation for the season. In Gütersloh, one of the largest youth tournaments in the region has also been held since the mid-1980s with the Strenge Cup (until 2010 Thiel Cup ). The organizers are the Gütersloh gymnastics club, the Gütersloh district youth committee and a local company for packaging and occupational safety.
Up to 400 children and young people have been playing in the Gütersloh street soccer league since 2005 . It is played in two seasons per year, from the Easter to the summer holidays and from the summer to the autumn holidays. This project is led by the mobile youth work of the city of Gütersloh and, due to the high number of participants, is one of the most successful youth projects in the city. Important tasks of the project include a. Integration , inclusion and fair play . In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2014 the teams SEK Xzimmi (1 title) and Streetfighter FC (3 titles) were able to bring the German championship title in street soccer, category Ü-18, to Gütersloh.
The 2006 soccer World Cup was a sporting highlight in the city's history . As the official World Cup training facility, the Heidewaldstadion was the venue for three training sessions for the Portuguese national team, which was followed by a total of 35,000 spectators. Up to 5000 spectators came to the public viewing on Konrad-Adenauer-Platz in front of the town hall, where the largest video wall in East Westphalia-Lippe was set up. In the run-up to the World Cup, Gütersloh was one of the few German cities where the FIFA World Cup trophy was exhibited on the “FIFA World Cup 2006 Tour” .
In Gütersloh there was great interest in cycling in the 1930s and 1940s . So it was the cycling club Staubwolke Spexard who made sure that the Heidewaldstadion , which opened in 1933, was expanded into a cycling stadium by increasing the curves. It was not until the early 1950s that the curves were redesigned into spectator stands. This is where today's peculiar floor plan of the arena comes from: a pure football stadium without a running track, which is nevertheless laid out in a curve behind the goals. Today Gütersloh can no longer be called a stronghold of cycling. Nevertheless, cycling, represented by RSV Gütersloh 1931 and the annual “City Night” road bike race, which attracts thousands to the city center, is still an integral part of the city's sporting life. The focus is less on sport than on entertainment in the cycle race over water , a fun race over planks on the pond of the Neue Mühle, which was held for the first time in 1954 and attracted around 5,000 spectators over two days in 2009.
Gymnastics: One of the largest gymnastics clubs not only in the city, but in the region is the gymnastics club Isselhorst, founded in 1894, which had around 1,150 members in 2011. From May 21st to 25th, 2008, Gütersloh was the venue for the 1st Rheinisch-Westfälische Landesturnfest.
Golf: Beyond the Gütersloh city limits to Rietberg is the 18-hole golf course of the Westphalian Golf Club Gütersloh in Rietberg-Varensell, designed by the architect Bernhard von Limburger . The Peugeot golf guide voted the 60-hectare course along the Wapel among the 20 most beautiful courses in Germany. In 2006 the association had more than 900 members.
Wrestling: In 2006 there were only six places in East Westphalia-Lippe where you could learn to wrestle - including in Gütersloh. KSV Gütersloh 02 is one of the traditional clubs in North Rhine-Westphalia. The first team will start in the top division, the third highest class, from the 2010/2011 season.
Running: Several fun runs have become established in Gütersloh. They include the Isselhorster Night, a night run that has been taking place in the Isselhorst district since 1998 , and the traditional New Year's Eve run that leads through the Rhedaer Forest. The Spexarder Volkslauf has been taking place in May in the district of the same name since 1984. In addition, in conjunction with the Gütersloh Laufcup there are the runs in the park on the premises of the LWL clinics, Gütersloh runs in the city park as well as the already mentioned Spexarder Lauf and the Kattenstrother Lauf . From 2012 the Dalkelauf was also included in the Gütersloh Laufcup.
Volleyball: Gütersloh TV plays in the major league and is the top-class club in Gütersloh.
Badminton: With TuS Friedrichsdorf, Gütersloh's top-class club plays in the top league. The CfB Gütersloh hosted the International German Youth Championships from 1985 to 1990.
Baseball: With the Verl / Gütersloh Yaks team, the city is represented in the Northwest Regionalliga of the German Baseball and Softball Association.
Triathlon: The 1st Tri-Team Gütersloh GTV (triathlon department of the Gütersloh Turnverein) organizes the Dalkeman Triathlon every year in May. Triathletes have been competing at different distances since 2003. The swimming takes place in the Gütersloh Nordbad, then the fast and flat bike route and then the running route leads through the beautiful poppy seed park.
Economy and Infrastructure
Gütersloh is primarily known as the headquarters of the two global companies Bertelsmann and Miele . In 2015, the Bertelsmann media group, including its subsidiaries, employed around 10,700 people at the Gütersloh location. One of these subsidiaries, the Gütersloh publishing house , which specializes in religious books , also bears the place name in its name.
Around 5500 employees work in the main factory in Gütersloh of the home appliance manufacturer Miele. Both companies have other workplaces in the vicinity of Gütersloh and are the largest private employers in the East Westphalia-Lippe region .
The largest employers in the city after Bertelsmann and Miele are the Wertkreis Gütersloh (formerly "Workshop for the Disabled") and the Gütersloh district administration with 1,500 employees each, followed by the Gütersloh city administration with 1,200 employees and the two hospitals, the municipal clinic with 1,000 and the Sankt -Elisabeth-Hospital with 800 employees.
In addition, more than 5000 medium-sized and small companies are registered in Gütersloh. Almost all of these companies, like the two global companies in Gütersloh, are family-run.
The resident companies provide around 46,000 jobs, 37% of them in goods production. In addition to metal processing companies such as Miele and Westaflex , Bertelsmann is also based in Gütersloh. Other food production companies include Mestemacher , FrieslandCampina and Marten as well as Gehring-Bunte as the administrative headquarters of Christinen Brunnen .
In contrast, the importance of other industries has decreased significantly. Numerous furniture production companies were based in Gütersloh. In 2007 the last well-known manufacturer, Flötotto , went bankrupt and relocated its headquarters to the neighboring town of Rietberg.
Of the once many important textile companies in the city (see also the weaving mill ), only the belt and ribbon weaving mill Güth & Wolf and the protective clothing company Niemöller & Abel are still active.
The Volksbank Bielefeld-Gütersloh is based in Gütersloh. In terms of its total sum, it is the third largest Volksbank in North Rhine-Westphalia and, with almost 100,000 members, the largest association in East Westphalia-Lippe (as of 2014).
Gütersloh is located on the major east-west axes A 2 and the main line of the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft . Therefore, the city has very good connections to the Ruhr area and the Hanover area and further to Berlin . The good transport connections were and are a determining factor for the economic boom in the city.
The Gütersloh road network covers around 575 kilometers, of which 63% are local roads, 16% farm roads and 8% each on district and country roads. The remaining 13% are on the A 2, the B 61 and private roads.
Gütersloh has its own junction with the A 2. However, the districts of Pavenstädt and Kattenstroth in particular are easier to reach when coming from the Ruhr area via the Rheda-Wiedenbrück / Gütersloh-Süd junction . For 2010, a load of 64,200 vehicles per 24 hours was determined between the Gütersloh junction and the Bielefeld motorway junction. The proportion of heavy traffic was 21.2%. The Friedrichsdorf district has been connected to the A 33 via the Bielefeld-Senne / Gütersloh-Friedrichsdorf junction since 2012 . Gütersloh will receive a more efficient connection to the Osnabrück area via the motorway, which is still to be completed.
The B 61 , which connects the Ruhr area with the Bremen area and leads from Gütersloh to Rheda-Wiedenbrück and Bielefeld , runs through the city in four lanes (but not without intersections) and takes on the function of a city ring. On the Nordring, the most heavily used section of the federal road within Gütersloh, more than 3000 vehicles per hour drive during rush hour. In the manual road traffic census for 2010, the most heavily loaded section between Brockhäger Strasse and Marienfelder Strasse had a load according to DTV of 33,000 vehicles per 24 hours and a heavy traffic share of 6.5%.
Rail and bus transport
The station Gütersloh main station is located on the electrified railway mainline Hamm-Minden , a section of the former Cologne-Minden trunk line . At first glance, this railway line appears to be four-track, but from an operational point of view it is a combination of two parallel, double-track lines. In long-distance traffic , the station is served every two hours by the IC line Cologne - Wuppertal - Hanover - Magdeburg - Leipzig . Some ICE trains stop at the edge of the day .
In local public transport there is an approximate 30-minute cycle between Gütersloh and Hamm . After Bielefeld there are three possible journeys per hour. The lines RE 6 " Westfalen-Express " Düsseldorf - Minden , RB 67 " Der Warendorfer " Münster - Bielefeld (sometimes further to Rahden ) and RB 69 " Ems-Börde-Bahn " Münster - Hamm - Bielefeld stop in Gütersloh .
The Gütersloh Nord terminus of the Teutoburg Forest Railway (TWE) is located in the immediate vicinity of the main train station . It is still used sporadically for the museum railroad of the Teuto-Express . The TWE uses its single-track branch line Ibbenbüren - Lengerich (Westphalia) - Gütersloh - Hövelhof for freight transport. The main customer is the agricultural machinery manufacturer Claas , which is served via a siding in Harsewinkel . The railway also operates the KLV terminal in Spexard . It was opened in 1998 and operated by TWE. There are three loading tracks, each 150 meters long, and a 15-meter high portal crane with a load-bearing capacity of 38 tons.
The urban area is accessed by a star-shaped city bus network operated by Stadtwerke Gütersloh . In addition, there are regional bus connections to neighboring cities. The transfer point for all lines is the central bus station directly opposite the main station. The Westphalia tariff (Netz TeutoOWL) and the NRW tariff apply to all local public transport .
Bicycle and pedestrian traffic
Thanks to the largely flat topography , Gütersloh has a relatively high proportion of bicycle traffic. Gütersloh is on the R1 European Cycle Route , which connects Boulogne-sur-Mer in France with Saint Petersburg in Russia . The wellness cycle route touches the urban area in the west. Also, the Emsradweg , the Ems from the source at Hovelhof to the mouth in Emden accompanied, and the BahnRadRoute Hellweg-Weser of Soest according Hameln lead over Gütersloher urban area.
The most famous footpath and bike path within the city is the Dalkepromenade (also Paul-Westerfrölke -Weg ), which, apart from a short stretch in the inner city area, runs the Dalke from Spexarder Straße in the east of the city to Herzebrocker Straße near the mouth of the Dalke on the New mill accompanied away from motor vehicle traffic.
The tourist office created the "Fuhrmannsweg" (named after the Gütersloh symbolic figure "Gütersloher Fuhrmann") around the city about twenty years ago. It is marked by a stylized wheel on trees and street lamps.
A pedestrian zone has existed in Gütersloh since autumn 1972. Today it is around 850 meters long. In 2000, the pedestrian zone was completed in its current form by incorporating Kolbeplatz, where there was previously a parking lot.
Gütersloh had an airport that was requested as a civil place in the 1930s. However, the square was mainly used for military purposes. First from the German Air Force, then, until 2016, from the British Armed Forces. In the future commercial enterprises are to be established here; Parts of the extensive area are also to be placed under nature protection. → Main article: Gütersloh Airport
The closest commercial airport is Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport, about 45 kilometers from Gütersloh .
The district of Gütersloh is one of the few districts in Germany in which three local daily newspapers appear, because it lies at the intersection of the individual areas of distribution. In order of their circulation size in the city of Gütersloh, these are the Neue Westfälische (with headquarters in Bielefeld ), Die Glocke (with headquarters in Oelde ) and the Westfalen-Blatt (with headquarters in Bielefeld).
Four free city magazines are published every month, distributed as in-house mail or available in shops . The oldest is GT-Info (“Güterslohs Stadtmagazin”) from Flöttmann Verlag since 1976. Gütsel (“Güterslohs Stadtmagazin”) was added in 1996, GTEXTRA magazine in 2008 , and Carl magazine in December 2014 . There are also the district publications Bonewie (for Avenwedde, Friedrichsdorf and Spexard), Der Kattenbote (for Kattenstroth) and Der Isselhorster . The gastronomy guides Gütersloh geht aus and Gütsel Gastroguide , as well as the Gütsel Garden Guide , the Gütsel Health Guide and other special-interest magazines are also published.
The local radio station is called Radio Gütersloh , produces more than six hours of its own program with news and reports from the Gütersloh district during the day and otherwise switches to the supporting program of Radio NRW . The station can be received in the city on the VHF frequency 95.9 MHz.
Mention should also be made of GüterslohTV as a local Internet TV broadcaster with current reports on news, culture and sport.
Education and Research
Gütersloh is the location of the Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences and there is a study center of the FOM University of Economics & Management in the premises of the Bertelsmann headquarters. In addition, the city has 18 primary schools , 7 special schools , 1 Waldorf school , 2 secondary schools , 3 secondary schools , 2 grammar schools , 2 comprehensive schools and 4 vocational colleges . A list can be found in the list of schools in Gütersloh .
One of the vocational schools is the Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA vocational college , which is located in the Bertelsmann headquarters. Reinhard Mohn founded the company's own school in 1962 as the “Private Vocational School of Bertelsmann Verlag”. However, it should not be confused with the Reinhard Mohn vocational college run by the district in downtown Gütersloh, which bears the name of the Bertelsmann publisher.
In addition to the Blankenhagen Primary School, the children of the British Army can use the Haig School (Primary School) and the King's School (Secondary School) on the site of the former air intelligence barracks (now “Mansergh Barracks”).
The Gütersloh town hall , built in 1979, has a large hall with 1,000 seats and a small hall with up to 395 seats.
In January 1997, after a construction period of 29 months, the new district building in the Pavenstädt district was inaugurated. In connection with this, seven offices and the district council moved to Gütersloh, and the previously rented premises in Rheda-Wiedenbrück, Halle and Gütersloh could be given up. The district police authority is located right next to the district building and has also moved from an old building in downtown Gütersloh to new premises. The district court of Gütersloh , located in the city center, is responsible for Gütersloh, Harsewinkel and Verl.
There has been a tax office in Gütersloh since the early 2000s . It has taken over taxpayers from the tax offices of Wiedenbrück and Bielefeld-Außenstadt and is responsible for the entire northern district including the area of the city of Gütersloh.
The Federal Agency for Technical Relief is also represented in Gütersloh with the Gütersloh local association , the Bielefeld managing director . The local association also operates its own practice area.
With the leisure and outdoor pool Die Welle and the Nordbad, two covered swimming pools and two outdoor pools are available to citizens . There is also the listed park pool at the city park operated by a private leaseholder or association (as an air pool without admission) and the Wapel pool in the Kattenstroth district.
The wave is a sport and leisure area with an outdoor area . As with the indoor pool and the north pool, the operators are the pool operations of Stadtwerke Gütersloh . In 2013 the wave recorded 445,000 visitors.
The shaft was built in 1992 in the Sundern district and renovated in 2007/08 for 4 million euros. The wave pool gives it its name . There is also a toddler pool, an 85 meter long water slide , a so-called adventure pool with a current channel, a whirlpool and a bistro. The outdoor area is open from May to September. The lap pool is 25 meters long and 1.80 meters deep. It serves as a training facility for the Gütersloh swimming club.
Integrated into the area is the Järve sauna, a sauna area with an 800 m² swimming lake, a quiet house and several saunas, etc. a. a tecaldarium , a steam bath and an earth sauna. A bistro and the bakery, where bread and pizza are baked, are available as gastronomic options.
The fire protection and rescue service in the city is ensured by the Gütersloh fire department . This consists of the professional fire brigade and five volunteer fire engines from the volunteer fire brigade .
There are also the two works fire brigades Miele and Mohn Media (Bertelsmann), the Pfleiderer works fire brigade and the Defense Fire & Rescue Service of the British armed forces in Gütersloh. These fire brigades are called upon to support the Gütersloh fire brigade for operations in the city area.
In addition to the fire brigade, the Malteser Emergency Service is involved in the rescue service of the city of Gütersloh. The local group provides an ambulance every day between 7 a.m. and 11 p.m. and an ambulance and the corresponding full-time crew on workdays from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
sons and daughters of the town
Carl Bertelsmann (1791–1850) was born in Gütersloh . After training as a bookbinder, he founded C. Bertelsmann Verlag , which initially published ecclesiastical publications. From this publishing house, today's media group Bertelsmann developed .
Karl Kuhlo (1818–1909), pastor of the Lutheran revival movement, hymn composer
Adolph Bermpohl (1833–1887) went to high school in Herford and then to sea. In 1849 he experienced an average on a merchant ship. With these impressions he became a navigation teacher and began building rescue stations on the North Sea. In 1863 he founded the Bremen Association for the Rescue of Shipwrecked People , one of the forerunners of the German Society for the Rescue of Shipwrecked People (DGzRS).
Reinhard Mohn (1921–2009) headed the Bertelsmann printing and publishing company in the fifth generation and founded the Bertelsmann Foundation in 1977 . In 1981 he moved from the company's board of directors to the supervisory board and withdrew from active business life in 2000.
Horst Hamelmann (* 1924), emeritus for surgery.
Hans Werner Henze (1926–2012) composer.
Rudolf Miele (1929–2004) was the third generation of the family to head the family business as the grandson of the Miele founder Carl Miele and was also made an honorary citizen of the city of Gütersloh.
Axel Hinrich Murken (* 1937) is a German medical and art historian. His father, Diedrich Murken, founded the gynecological clinic in Gütersloh in 1946. Murken. This was converted into a retirement home in 1982. In 2006, Axel Hinrich Murken founded the Christian Heyden Prize, which has been awarded every two years in Gütersloh since then.
Heinz-Günter Bongartz (* 1955) is auxiliary bishop and vicar general in the diocese of Hildesheim.
Some personalities in Gütersloh gained their fame through Bertelsmann . Such was Manfred Köhnlechner (1925-2002) not only medical practitioners and lawyers, but also general manager of the Bertelsmann Group from 1957 to 1970. Gunter Thielen (* 1942) is since 1980 Manager of the Group, Thomas Middelhoff (* 1953) from 1986 to 2002 for the media company. Liz Mohn met her future husband Reinhard Mohn in the group. Today she controls 76.9% of the company's share capital and is the founder and president of the German Stroke Foundation . Another important entrepreneur in Gütersloh was Carl Miele (1869–1938), who founded the Miele family business of the same name in Herzebrock and relocated to Gütersloh in 1907.
Johannes Kuhlo (1856–1941) was the founder of the Gütersloh ESG high school trombone choir . Carl Theodor Hütterott (* 1926) was a music teacher at the same school and composed, among other things, a Gütersloh musical.
The Austrian painter and writer Albert Paris Gütersloh used the name of the city for his stage name.
Miscellaneous and curiosities
Syriacs in Gütersloh: Around 10,000 Syriacs (also known as Assyrians , Arameans and Chaldeans) live in Gütersloh , making the city one, if not the Syriac stronghold, in Germany (more than 13,000 Syriacs live in the Gütersloh district, depending on the source an eighth to one one fifth of the members of this people in Germany; as of 2007). They are therefore an important economic factor. Around 100 Gütersloh shops and companies were run by Assyrians / Arameans in early 2007. The international Aramaic television station Suryoyo Sat has its Germany studio in Gütersloh. Four Aramaic / Assyrian football clubs play in the local leagues: Tur Abdin Gütersloh, Aramäer Gütersloh, Assyrer Gütersloh and the ASC Suryoye Gütersloh. The Central Association of Assyrian Associations in Germany and European Sections (ZAVD) operates its federal office in downtown Gütersloh, where it provides information in a permanent exhibition on the history of migration and the social commitment of the Assyrians in Germany and maintains an archive on these topics.
Gütersloh's nickname: A synonym for Gütersloh frequently used in the local media is “ Dalkestadt ”. In the Catholic neighboring communities, the city is still called "Nazareth" or "Little Nazareth" among the older residents. The comparison with the hometown of Jesus comes from the fact that the Protestant inhabitants in the middle of the 19th century had a reputation for a particularly pious and hard-working, quite joyless interpretation of the faith. The Low German name of the city, which is also often used in current reports in the local media, is "Gütsel". In Gütersloh dialect, "Gütsel" becomes "Chütsel". Among the younger residents of Gütersloh, the city is also colloquially called "G-Town" (because of the GT label and - based on "K-Town" for Kaiserslautern - because of the British soldiers stationed in Gütersloh), or jokingly called Bertelstown or "Lülaloh" .
The Gütersloh carter: The Gütersloh carter is a symbol of the city. Unlike his Bielefeld counterpart, the Leineweber (or in Münster the Kiepenkerl ), he is relatively young. The figure was conceived in 1983 for city marketing purposes by Hans-Dieter Musch , who referred to the tradition of the Gütersloh trucking trade - before and after the construction of the Cologne-Minden railway line , the local wagoners took on goods transport to the region, but also far beyond, they also acted as couriers and intelligence services. The figure does not only exist in a drawing created by Gerhard Ulrich, but is portrayed at city festivals and other public and private celebrations by a Gütersloher wearing a suitable costume, first on April 22, 1983 for the opening of the Parkhotel. Numerous foods such as ham, beer, honey, sausage and pralines, but also a cream are marketed under the wagoner's logo.
Gütersloh and seafaring: The city of Gütersloh, although far from the nearest coast, has several connections to seafaring. The Gütersloh naval association has existed since 1906 , which is today the Adolph Bermpohl naval comradeship. The namesake Adolph Bermpohl was born in Gütersloh, Am Alten Kirchplatz 14, and was one of the co-founders of the German Society for the Rescue of Shipwrecked People (DGzRS). There are three shanty choirs in Gütersloh (Shanty Choir Gütersloh, Shanty Choir Nordwind and Die Luttermöwen) and the “Stammtisch Hamburger Jungs von 1993”, an association of native Hamburgers who also represent a piece of “maritime Gütersloh”.
Gütersloh in music: “The last cowboy comes from Gütersloh” is a country-style hit by Thommie Bayer , which, however, only superficially has something to do with Gütersloh. According to the interpreter, the city only got the honor because of the rhyme and the melodious name. Nevertheless, this song is often intoned by the fans of FC Gütersloh 2000 in the Heidewaldstadion and also serves as a hook for actions by opposing fans. The band Fury in the Slaughterhouse also celebrated the Dalkestadt in their title "Homesick (... to Gütersloh)", published on July 28, 2006. Amazingly, it is a country song again and, like with the “last cowboy”, the rhyme played the decisive role in choosing Gütersloh.
The television doll Bernd das Brot also sings about Gütersloh. On his CD "Rockt das Brot" the notoriously depressive pastry enthuses in a song for the wasteland of the city, which in his opinion is only surpassed by the conditions in neighboring Bielefeld .
Meteorite impact: In 1851 Gütersloh- Kattenstroth was the scene of a meteorite impact . On April 17, 1851, a stone meteorite weighing around 1 kg from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, a so-called ordinary chondrite of the H3 / H4 type, hit the urban area of Gütersloh. Friedrich Wilhelm Stohlmann dealt with contemporary research into the incident . Most of the stone (760 grams) is now in the Museum of Natural History at the Humboldt University in Berlin; further fragments of 111 and 74 grams respectively in the Natural History Museum in London and in the Natural History Museum Vienna . Another, smaller stone was found in 1852.
The HVP: When Gütersloher meet at the HVP , the central square in Gütersloh's city center is meant, namely Berliner Platz. The abbreviation stands for H ertie - V or p latz. Although Gütersloh's only department store has had the Karstadt nameplate for years , this somewhat disrespectful name is still in use today.
World record run: The ICE forerunner InterCityExperimental set a short-term new world record for three-phase rail vehicles on November 26, 1985 at 11:29 a.m. on the railway line between Gütersloh and Hamm at 317 km / h. The record run with the fully occupied train, like the previous high-speed runs, took place under considerable safety precautions. Among other things, all train stations and bridges were guarded.
Train and flight sponsorships: Since July 14, 2004, the ICE 1 multiple unit No. 158 (power unit 401 056-3 and 401 559-0) of Deutsche Bahn has been provided with the Gütersloh city arms. Furthermore, there is a flight sponsorship for the Lufthansa - Airbus A321-231 D-AISJ, which also bears the name "Gütersloh".
Paranormal in Gütersloh: A legend tells of a witch by the name of Görken Ginken , who lived in the Sundern district and was able to fly to witches' dance floors . After she passed away from grief over an unhappy love, she was spotted for a long time as a ghost during the witching hour. At the time of the Thirty Years' War there was a miracle tree between Kökerstrasse and Kirchstrasse, after which this area was then called the “Green Tree”. It was a dried-up tree whose miraculous re-blooming is said to have predicted the end of the war.
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