|legal form||legal foundation under civil law|
|main emphasis||Promotion of education, democracy, society, health, culture and science|
|sales||130,014,400 euros (2019)|
|Foundation capital||619,497,600 euros (2019)|
The Bertelsmann Foundation is an independent foundation under private law based in Gütersloh . It was launched in 1977 by Reinhard Mohn . Both social and corporate political motives as well as tax reasons played a role. The Bertelsmann Foundation promotes “reform processes” and “principles of entrepreneurship” in order to build a “sustainable society”. Its influence on politics and society has been repeatedly criticized.
The Bertelsmann Stiftung has held the majority of the Bertelsmann Group's shares since 1993 . Together with the Reinhard Mohn Foundation and the BVG Foundation, it has 80.9%, but has no voting rights.
Establishment of the foundation
At the end of the 1970s there were discussions about the successor to Reinhard Mohn as CEO of Bertelsmann . Against this background, and out of the conviction that the state must be able to count on the initiative and personal responsibility of its citizens, Mohn founded the Bertelsmann Foundation on February 8, 1977. It was officially approved by the authorities on March 14, 1977. The Bertelsmann Foundation was initially endowed with a capital of 100,000 German marks . It started working around two years later.
Structure of the foundation's work
In 1979, Hans-Dieter Weger became the first managing director. He developed the concept of an operational foundation that develops and supervises projects itself. One of the first activities of the Bertelsmann Foundation was the basic study “Communication behavior and books”, which was carried out in cooperation with Infratest . In addition, the Bertelsmann Foundation and the Bertelsmann Group participated in building the Gütersloh City Library .
In 1982 the Bertelsmann Foundation presented its first activity report to inform the public about its activities. The greeting of the report was written by Federal President Karl Carstens , who among other things praised the “public performance of foundations”. In the meantime, the Bertelsmann Stiftung had developed into the center of Reinhard Mohn's socio-political commitment. The founder acted as the sole director and from 1983 was supported by a newly created advisory board. In addition to Reinhard Mohn and Hans-Dieter Weger, the committee also included Kurt Biedenkopf , Gerd Bucerius , Friedhelm Farthmann and Eberhard Witte . In 1985 a publishing house was set up under the umbrella of the foundation in order to cope with the increasing number of publications. The Bertelsmann Stiftung publishing house still exists today.
In 1988, the Bertelsmann Foundation bestowed the Carl Bertelsmann Prize (now known as the Reinhard Mohn Prize) for the first time , and it was awarded to the collective bargaining partners in the construction, chemistry and metal sectors. The award honors internationally renowned personalities who have rendered groundbreaking solutions to social and political challenges. In addition to its domestic work, the Bertelsmann Foundation initiated several international projects in the 1980s, for example on the “European cultural area”. Further examples are the study program of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the establishment of the Biblioteca Can Torró in Alcúdia on Mallorca.
After Kurt Biedenkopf was elected first chairman of the advisory board in 1987, Reinhard Mohn took over this position himself in 1990. The change of Horst Teltschik also received more media attention : the former foreign policy advisor Helmut Kohls became managing director of the Bertelsmann Foundation at the beginning of 1991. In particular, he pushed internationalization. At the end of the 1980s, the Bertelsmann Foundation offices were set up across from the Bertelsmann Group's headquarters. Mikhail Gorbachev was a guest there as part of his first trip to Germany after the end of the Soviet Union .
Transfer of the majority of the shares
In 1993, in addition to Reinhard Mohn, Ulrich Saxer and Werner Weidenfeld were appointed to the Bertelsmann Foundation's executive board. The management was also newly appointed. In the same year Reinhard Mohn transferred the majority of the capital shares in the Bertelsmann group to the foundation. In this way he wanted to ensure the continuity of the company. At the beginning of 1993 the foundation still owned 21.3% of the Bertelsmann Group, but the transaction increased its stake to 68.8%. This made it the largest shareholder in the group. In the donation agreement of 1993, however, equity participation and voting rights were strictly separated so that the foundation cannot exercise any significant body influence over the Bertelsmann Group. This is still largely controlled by the Mohn family. Since the foundation receives dividends for its shares in the company, there was a significant increase in the budget when Reinhard Mohn transferred the shares.
Restructuring of the bodies
In 1998 Reinhard Mohn retired from the head of the Bertelsmann Foundation. Mark Wössner first became chairman of the board of directors and one year later also chairman of the advisory board. After the resignation of Mark Wössner in 2000, the management structure changed again: the board of directors was replaced by a presidium, and the advisory board became the board of trustees. At the end of 2000 Reinhard Mohn took over the chairmanship of the Presidium and the Board of Trustees for a transitional period until Gunter Thielen replaced him in both positions in mid-2001. With this step, Reinhard Mohn had given up all previous management functions, he remained a simple member of the board of trustees.
Gunter Thielen was followed by Heribert Meffert in 2002 , who remained CEO of the Bertelsmann Foundation until 2005. During his tenure, the committees were adjusted again, the presidium was converted back into a board. The aim was to strengthen corporate governance in terms of greater transparency and independence. After Heribert Meffert left the Bertelsmann Foundation, it was jointly managed by the board members Liz Mohn and Johannes Meier. In 2008 Gunter Thielen returned to the Bertelsmann Stiftung as CEO. From 2012 it was led by the former Dutch Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, Aart De Geus . In December 2019, he resigned from his position at his own request in order to devote himself to a new task in his home country. His successor is Ralph Heck , who has a doctorate in economics . He has been a member of the Bertelsmann Stiftung's Board of Trustees since 2012 and will leave the board when he takes office as CEO.
The Bertelsmann Foundation is an independent foundation under private law within the meaning of the Foundation Act of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia . It is a legal person with full legal capacity that is exclusively committed to the purpose defined in the statutes in internal and external relationships. The Bertelsmann Stiftung is subject to supervision by the Detmold district government and exclusively and directly pursues tax-privileged purposes within the meaning of the tax code .
Management and organschaftliche representation of the Bertelsmann Foundation responsibility of the Executive Board , which consists of at least three members according to the statute. These are appointed and dismissed by the Board of Trustees. The Executive Board develops the strategic direction of the Bertelsmann Stiftung, coordinates it with the Board of Trustees and ensures that it is implemented. Board members who also belong to the board of directors of Bertelsmann Management SE can only represent the foundation together with another member of the board who is not also a member of the board of directors of Bertelsmann Management SE . The Bertelsmann Management SE is the managing affiliate of Bertelsmann . The Bertelsmann Stiftung Executive Board is currently made up of Ralph Heck (chairman), Liz Mohn (deputy chairwoman), Brigitte Mohn and Jörg Dräger .
The board of trustees of the Bertelsmann Stiftung advises and controls the board of trustees . The Board of Trustees is involved in all decisions of fundamental importance. Its tasks also include the approval of the annual financial statements , the control of economic management, the receipt of the reports from the board of directors and its discharge . According to the statutes, the Bertelsmann Stiftung's Board of Trustees has at least six and no more than 14 members. These include the chairman or another member of the Bertelsmann Group's supervisory board , a successor to the founder Reinhard Mohn , Liz Mohn and three to eleven other people. The Bertelsmann Stiftung's Board of Trustees currently consists of Werner J. Bauer (Chairman), Liz Mohn (Deputy Chairwoman), Dominik Asam, Wolf Bauer , Carsten Coesfeld, Ulrike Detmers, Wolfgang A. Herrmann , Christoph Mohn , Carolina Müller-Möhl , Viviane Reding , Philipp Rösler and Jürgen Stark occupied.
The Bertelsmann Foundation is mainly financed from dividends from the Bertelsmann Group. The latter accounted for more than 96% of the total income of 130 million euros in the 2019 financial year. The Bertelsmann Stiftung holds its shares in the Bertelsmann Group indirectly through Johannes Mohn GmbH , of which it is the majority shareholder. Your shares are pure capital shares, and Bertelsmann Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH has voting rights . Further income comes from collaborations with other non-profit organizations, the management of own assets and donations. As provided for in the tax code , the Bertelsmann Foundation creates reserves in order to be able to fulfill the foundation's purpose independently of current income. In the 2019 financial year, they amounted to 534 million euros.
Since it was founded, the Bertelsmann Stiftung has made more than 1.5 billion euros available for charitable work. In the 2019 financial year, the expenditures amounted to around 90.5 million euros. The largest part (51.9 million euros) was used for programs and special projects. 11.7 million euros went to administrative activities and 8.6 million euros to communication. 4.7 million euros were spent on program-related services. In addition, the Bertelsmann Stiftung made donations to affiliated non-profit organizations amounting to 13.6 million euros.
The first offices of the Bertelsmann Foundation were in a residential building on Carl-Miele-Strasse in Gütersloh . In 1980, the Bertelsmann group's premises were rented instead . In 1986, the Bertelsmann Foundation moved into a representative building on Moltkestrasse, which was built in 1893 as a branch of the Reichsbank and until 1985 belonged to the state central bank of North Rhine-Westphalia. In 1989 the architects Gerkan, Marg and Partners won a competition for the new building of the Bertelsmann Stiftung headquarters opposite the Bertelsmann Group's headquarters . The topping-out ceremony for the building took place in 1990 and was expanded several times in the following years. In addition to the headquarters in Gütersloh, the commandant's house in Berlin also has a representative office for the group that was also used by the Bertelsmann Foundation. There is now a separate branch on Werderschen Markt in the immediate vicinity of the Foreign Office and the Humboldt Forum. The Bertelsmann Stiftung also has a liaison office in Brussels.
In the mid-1990s, the independent subsidiary Fundación Bertelsmann , based in Barcelona, was founded. The aim at the time was to promote Spanish reading and media culture. Today the Fundación focuses on vocational training and career guidance for young people in Spain.
The Bertelsmann Foundation has also been represented in the US capital Washington, DC , since 2008 . Another independent foundation was set up there with the Bertelsmann Foundation North America . She deals with the challenges of transatlantic cooperation.
According to the statutes, the purpose of the Bertelsmann Stiftung is to “promote science and research, religion, public health, welfare for young people and the elderly, art and culture, popular and vocational training, welfare, international attitudes, democratic states and civic engagement. “The Bertelsmann Stiftung works purely operationally and does not award any scholarships . It invests its resources in projects that it initiates, designs and implements itself. For example, the Bertelsmann Stiftung creates studies and rankings, organizes model projects, imparts knowledge and skills, organizes congresses and awards prizes. Important fields of work are education, democracy, Europe, health, values and economy, as well as megatrends such as demographic change . The Bertelsmann Stiftung is politically neutral. She works regionally, nationally and internationally.
The Bertelsmann Foundation regularly examines how much the German federal states are investing in early childhood education and care. One of their studies confirmed, among other things, that children's development chances strongly depend on their origin. In the field of school education, the Bertelsmann Stiftung has devoted itself in recent years to all-day schools and is calling for their expansion. Digital learning is also an important topic to this day, as it is viewed as a solution to various structural problems in the educational field. The Bertelsmann Foundation has also been involved in professional training and further education for years.
In the 1990s, the Bertelsmann Stiftung's university policy in particular received wide public attention. The establishment of the Center for Higher Education Development (CHE) by the Bertelsmann Foundation and the Foundation for the Promotion of the University Rectors ' Conference in 1994 attracted attention . The institution sees itself as a “reform workshop” for German higher education. The Bertelsmann Foundation holds 90% of the shares in CHE Gemeinnütziges Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung GmbH .
The Bertelsmann Stiftung advocates greater citizen participation in political decision-making and planning processes, both nationally and internationally , because this strengthens democracy. Its aim is to create more opportunities for participation and thereby counteract an impending social division. As far as cooperation between the federal, state and local governments is concerned, for example, the Bertelsmann Stiftung has been calling for a modernization of state financial equalization for several years . Internationally, the Bertelsmann Stiftung is examining existing governance structures and discussing proposals for changing them. Examples of activities in this area are the Bellevue Forum in cooperation with the Office of the Federal President and the Sustainable Governance Indicators (SGI).
Until 2010, the Bertelsmann Stiftung also helped finance the Center for Applied Policy Research (CAP). Both institutions worked together on issues relating to the development of European integration , for example .
Europe is one of the focal points of the Bertelsmann Stiftung's work. For years she has been advocating speeding up decision-making processes and promoting European integration. The aim is to enable citizens to participate in economic and technological progress. An example of the work in this area is the conception of a not-for-profit European rating agency , which was ultimately not implemented. On the basis of studies, surveys and indices such as the Eupinions project , various recommendations for action were developed, including for security and foreign policy, economic and financial policy, and regional and social policy. The foundation also runs projects to strengthen the economy and civil society in the neighboring countries of the European Union. She conducts the so-called Kronberg Talks. These are network meetings of experts and government leaders from Europe, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The foundation's Middle East expert, Christian-Peter Hanelt, regularly comments on political events in the Arab world in German and international news broadcasts , often emphasizing the need for a common EU foreign policy for the region.
For the so-called “health monitor”, the Bertelsmann Foundation regularly analyzed health care in Germany. In addition, it has created several offers in recent years to strengthen the health literacy of citizens. This includes, for example, the Internet portal “ Weisse Liste ”, which helps in the search for doctors, hospitals, nursing homes and nursing services.
With the support of the Bertelsmann Foundation, the Center for Hospital Management (CKM) was founded in 1994 as an affiliated institute of the Westphalian Wilhelms University of Münster . In addition to research on hospital IT and logistics, the center offers further training for hospital staff for management tasks. Today the Bertelsmann Foundation is no longer a partner of the CKM Center for Hospital Management GmbH , the institute works completely independently.
The Bertelsmann Foundation promotes volunteer work and other projects for social cohesion, including through the “All Kids are VIPs” initiative, which advocates diversity in schools. Social justice and intergenerational justice are also important concerns, especially to narrow the gap between rich and poor. The Bertelsmann Foundation wants to promote integration and diversity in society. It calls for a "comprehensive and long-term migration architecture" for Germany. Other projects concern young people and families: For example, the Bertelsmann Foundation advocates the compatibility of family and work in the modern world of work and against child poverty.
The oldest project of the Bertelsmann Stiftung is the international singing competition New Voices , which was launched in 1987 by Liz Mohn and is still taking place today. It is one of the most important young opera singing competitions and is known as a “talent factory”. The Bertelsmann Foundation is also active in promoting music. Since the end of the 1990s, corresponding model projects have been carried out time and again, for example with the aim of strengthening music-making in day-care centers . The reason for the Bertelsmann Stiftung's commitment in this area is that it wants to promote social participation by singing and making music.
The effects of globalization on society are examined in terms of opportunities and risks. The Bertelsmann Stiftung advocates that industrialized countries open their markets so that emerging countries also benefit more. Again and again she published analyzes and studies on changes in the German labor market. Their results flowed partially into the Hartz reforms during Gerhard Schröder's chancellorship . The Bertelsmann Foundation is also committed to sustainability and promotes an ethical corporate culture in German companies. In collaboration with the Hans Böckler Foundation , she presented a study on employee participation in German companies. By awarding the “My good example” prize, it honors the social commitment of small, medium-sized and family-run companies.
The Bertelsmann Foundation has repeatedly been the subject of public debate in recent years. In 2007, Jens Wernicke and Torsten Bultmann published an anthology entitled “Network of Power - Bertelsmann” which critically examines the structure and activities of the Bertelsmann Foundation. Thirty authors attacked in particular the status of the public benefit and political influence. The anthology provoked a broad public debate about the Bertelsmann Foundation.
The author and journalist Thomas Schuler achieved even greater publicity with the book “Bertelsmann Republik Deutschland - Eine Stiftung macht Politik”, published in 2010. In it he describes how the Bertelsmann Stiftung seeks contact with leading politicians and advises them. He criticized the Bertelsmann Stiftung as “undemocratic” and complained about a lack of transparency. In his opinion, the good idea of a foundation turned into a “wrong world”, the construct of which he fundamentally questioned. Thomas Schuler also criticized the German foundation law, which allows foundations like the Bertelsmann Foundation at all. The expert for foundation law Peter Rawert noted that the Bertelsmann Foundation was granted a return on its participation in the group that should be lower than what could be achieved with an investment in fixed-term deposits . In the United States, such results would have negative consequences for non-profit taxation. In addition, the situation does not correspond to the "efficiency standards" of the Bertelsmann Foundation.
Because of its majority stake in the Bertelsmann Group, the Bertelsmann Stiftung is repeatedly accused of mixing charitable and commercial interests. The journalist and author Annette Jensen criticized in 2009 that her suggestions created an artificial demand for the Bertelsmann Stiftung, especially with regard to the allegedly necessary streamlining of local government , which she then satisfied herself, for example through the group subsidiary Arvato . The RTL Group television stations (e.g. RTL, VOX and n-tv) and numerous Gruner + Jahr magazines also serve to publish her messages . The sociologist and foundation researcher Frank Adloff calls it an untenable situation that the foundation does not have to justify itself to any parliament or audit office for the use of its funds. In the United States, tax-privileged foundations are not allowed to own more than 20% of a company to avoid potential conflicts of interest . In addition, they would have to publicly account for their expenses.
The Bertelsmann Stiftung is "privatizing politics" through preliminary arrangements with politicians outside the parliaments. This follows the principle of mutual instrumentalization: civil servants and politicians are given a protected space where they can receive information and discuss free of charge and exclusively, while the Bertelsmann Foundation ensures access to all projects it wants to influence. As a result, it does not matter who is elected, the Bertelsmann Foundation is somehow always involved. In 2007 Albrecht Müller called it an "anti-democratic institution" on Deutschlandfunk .
In 2008, the FDP politician Julika Sandt criticized the Bertelsmann Stiftung's increasing influence on the German health care system . Concepts created by it contained a favor for privatized clinics and medical care centers to the detriment of freelance doctors. Since Brigitte Mohn is both a member of the Bertelsmann Stiftung Executive Board and the Rhön-Klinikum AG Supervisory Board , the Bertelsmann Stiftung's neutrality in the health sector is in question.
In 2012, Josef Kraus , President of the German Teachers' Association , was critical of the Bertelsmann Foundation's influence on education policy. He described their studies as "unscientific" and "horror scenarios". Their impulses were almost always based on the scandal of some supposed grievances. Kraus called on politicians to free themselves from the influences of the Bertelsmann Foundation and to take the criticism of it seriously.
The non-profit association Lobbycontrol sees the Bertelsmann Foundation as a business-oriented initiative, similar to the New Social Market Economy initiative or the Market Economy Foundation . For example, the "location check", which corresponds to a canon of neoliberal reforms, is criticized.
The Bertelsmann Stiftung repeatedly rejected criticism of the lack of democratic legitimacy and impermissible political influence. For example, the former CEO Gunter Thielen made it very clear that they were not a “secret government”. Political opinion-forming is not a "top-down process". It is an illusion that a foundation or a company can shape and shape a country like the Federal Republic according to their ideas.
Party political neutrality
The Bertelsmann Stiftung describes itself as politically neutral. The practical implementation of this principle is, however, doubted from various sides, especially because left parties only have contacts with “radical market exponents”. Instead, the Bertelsmann Foundation is often characterized as economically liberal , which is also controversial. Some critics also described the Bertelsmann Stiftung as neoliberal .
Not for profit status
In 2006, the author and journalist Harald Schumann discussed the charitable status of the Bertelsmann Foundation in Tagesspiegel . According to him, the “subsidiary government in Gütersloh” is actually operating with public money, because Reinhard Mohn saved a good two billion euros in inheritance or gift tax by transferring three quarters of the share capital to the foundation . In addition, the annual dividend payment to the foundation is tax-free. With its annual budget of around 60 million euros, the Bertelsmann Foundation does not spend nearly as much as it costs the tax authorities. The sociologist and political scientist Arno Klönne argued similarly : He considered the charitable status of the Bertelsmann Foundation questionable because it actively promotes Bertelsmann's business. Ultimately, the aim is to steer society with entrepreneurial methods and to privatize public tasks.
In 2009, a study by independent lawyers revealed that the Bertelsmann Stiftung no longer met the requirements for tax-privileged non-profit status. Rather, the tax exemption is being used unjustifiably for the purpose of redesigning the community according to the ideas of the founder Reinhard Mohn by means of tax-financed private policy advice while circumventing democratic will-formation through public discourse in the constitutional organs.
The Bertelsmann Stiftung always rejected the allegations. The charitable status is recognized by the tax office and is constantly checked.
Privatization and social cuts
In 2007, ver.di stopped working with the Bertelsmann Foundation. The trigger was that Arvato , a division of the Bertelsmann Group, declared the privatization of public services a strategic business area. A corresponding motion was decided at the federal congress against the federal executive committee. Critics complained that the Bertelsmann Foundation is the driving force behind privatization and the dismantling of social benefits. This assessment was also supported by the participants in conferences critical of Bertelsmann under the title “The Shadow Cabinet from Gütersloh”. In addition to ver.di, Attac , GEW , IG Metall and the Otto Brenner Foundation also took part. The Bertelsmann Stiftung rejected the criticism from ver.di in particular as a “misunderstanding”. When looking at social problems, one is not far apart.
- Frank Böckelmann, Hersch Fischler: Bertelsmann . Behind the facade of the media empire. Eichborn Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-8218-5551-7 .
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- Thomas Schuler: Bertelsmann Republic of Germany . A foundation makes politics. Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010, ISBN 978-3-593-39097-0 .
- Literature on the Bertelsmann Foundation in the catalog of the German National Library
- Official website of the Bertelsmann Foundation
- ↑ On behalf of the Patriarch . Bertelsmann Stiftung commemorates Reinhard Mohn. In: New Westphalian . May 1, 2010.
- ↑ Ralph Heck new CEO of the Bertelsmann Foundation. In: Radio Gütersloh. August 3, 2020, accessed on August 3, 2020 .
- ^ Death of an economic wise man . In: Spiegel Online. October 4, 2009, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Learning from the world: Why Reinhard Mohn founded the Bertelsmann Foundation. Bertelsmann Stiftung, accessed on November 24, 2015 .
- ↑ Thomas Schuler: The Bertelsmann Method: A foundation governs the country. In: The daily newspaper. August 9, 2010, accessed October 1, 2015 .
- ↑ Sonja A. Sackmann: Success factor corporate culture . Achieve corporate goals and create identification with culture-conscious management. Springer Verlag, Wiesbaden 2004, ISBN 978-3-322-82623-7 , pp. 275 .
- ↑ The tone generator. In: Friday. June 16, 2006, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Bertelsmann is now majority owned by the foundation . In: German printer . October 14, 1993, p. 4 .
- ↑ Shareholder structure. Bertelsmann, accessed December 12, 2016 .
- ↑ 175 years of Bertelsmann . A future story. C. Bertelsmann Verlag, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-570-10175-9 , pp. 44-45 .
- ↑ a b c d e f Chronicle. Bertelsmann Stiftung, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Thomas Schuler: The poppies . From provincial bookseller to global corporation: The family behind Bertelsmann. Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 978-3-593-41565-9 , pp. 291 .
- ↑ Competition and civic engagement. State Center for Civic Education North Rhine-Westphalia, accessed on October 1, 2016 .
- ^ The Gütersloh GmbH City Library . Cooperation attempt between media company and municipality. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1983, ISBN 3-447-02370-8 , p. 48 .
- ↑ An instigator of the good . In: New Westphalian . September 16, 2004.
- ↑ Bodo Franzmann (Ed.): Communication behavior and book . Final report. Infratest, Munich 1978, DNB 790489295 .
- ^ The Gütersloh GmbH City Library . Cooperation attempt between media company and municipality. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1983, ISBN 3-447-02370-8 , p. 50 .
- ^ Thomas Schuler: Bertelsmann republic of Germany . A foundation makes politics. Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010, ISBN 978-3-593-40832-3 , p. 49 .
- ↑ Personal details . In: Handelsblatt . June 27, 1986, p. 24 .
- ^ Profile view: Bertelsmann Stiftung publishing house. In: Address book for the German-speaking book trade. Marketing and publishing service of the book trade, accessed on October 1, 2016 .
- ^ Carl Bertelsmann Prize . In: Handelsblatt . April 18, 1988, p. 5 .
- ^ "Foresight and skill": Schwab receives Reinhard Mohn Prize. In: n-tv. June 16, 2016, accessed December 12, 2016 .
- ↑ Kai Franke: Introduction and chronology of the project “European cultural space” . In: Chronicle of the Bertelsmann Foundation . Gütersloh 2011.
- ↑ Liz Mohn: Key Moments: Experiences of a Committed Life . C. Bertelsmann Verlag, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-641-07123-3 , pp. 20 .
- ↑ Alcudia makes Reinhard Mohn an honorary citizen . In: New Westphalian . September 14, 2005.
- ↑ Personal details . In: Handelsblatt . September 11, 1987, p. 22 .
- ↑ Kohl's head at Bertelsmann . In: The daily newspaper . December 6, 1990, p. 2 .
- ^ Teltschik wants to sharpen the profile of the Bertelsmann Foundation . In: Bonner General-Anzeiger . February 6, 1991, p. 9 .
- ^ Bertelsmann Foundation . Teltschik relies on expert seminars and project funding. Work should be expanded to new countries and current developments implemented more quickly. In: Handelsblatt . February 6, 1991, p. 7 .
- ↑ a b projects. Gerkan, Marg and Partner, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ locations. Bertelsmann Stiftung, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Clearly below . In: Der Spiegel . March 9, 1992 ( spiegel.de [accessed October 1, 2016]).
- ↑ "Nobody will be able to solve the problems for us" . In: Handelsblatt . March 11, 1992, p. 5 .
- ↑ a b c Bertelsmann Foundation . Mohn announces a significant budget increase for 1993/94. Research program aims to sound out reform of the social market economy. In: Handelsblatt . May 28, 1993, p. 10 .
- ↑ 175 years of Bertelsmann . A future story. C. Bertelsmann Verlag, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-570-10175-9 , pp. 274-276 .
- ↑ a b Bertelsmann is now majority owned by the foundation . In: German printer . October 14, 1993, p. 4 .
- ^ After the death of Reinhard Mohn: Bertelsmann preserves tradition. In: n-tv. October 5, 2009, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Shareholder structure. Bertelsmann, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ^ Media monarchy from Gütersloh. In: Handelsblatt. January 30, 2011, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Thomas Hoffmann: The lead wolf leaves the pack . In: horizon . September 24, 1998, p. 14 .
- ↑ Matthew Karnitschnig: The Complicated Romance of Liz Mohn. In: Der Tagesspiegel. December 8, 2003, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Mohn sets the course . In: Allgemeine Zeitung . September 29, 2000.
- ↑ Bertelsmann Stiftung receives new management structure . In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung . September 29, 2009, p. 28 .
- ^ Mohn becomes President of the Bertelsmann Foundation . In July 2002 Gunter Thielen will take over the office. In: The world . September 29, 2000, p. 17 .
- ↑ The patriarch withdraws . In: Berliner Zeitung . August 5, 2001, p. 18 .
- ↑ The patriarch saves energy . In: Der Tagesspiegel . August 25, 2001, p. 31 .
- ↑ Reinhard Mohn resigns . In: Bonner General-Anzeiger . August 25, 2001, p. 25 .
- ↑ "Marketing Pope" takes over the Bertelsmann Foundation . In: Der Tagesspiegel . August 10, 2002, p. 27 .
- ↑ Thomas Knüwer, Hans-Peter Siebenhaar: Meffert leaves the Bertelsmann Foundation . In: Handelsblatt . June 17, 2005, p. 20 .
- ↑ Stefan Brams: The founder as the client . In: New Westphalian . July 20, 2004.
- ↑ Marc Beise, Hans-Jürgen Jakobs: “We don't want to be secret ministries” . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . April 29, 2005 (interview with Heribert Meffert).
- ↑ Meffert leaves earlier. In: Manager Magazin. June 16, 2005, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Thielen becomes head of the foundation. In: Manager Magazin. July 19, 2004, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Gunter Thielen goes back to the Bertelsmann Foundation. In: horizon. January 3, 2008, accessed December 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Oliver Horst: Back chairs at Bertelsmann . In: Westfalen-Blatt . April 28, 2012.
- ^ Change of government in Gütersloh . In: Westfalen-Blatt . 4th August 2012.
- ↑ David Hein: Head of the Bertelsmann Foundation from August . In: horizon . May 3, 2012, p. 10 .
- ↑ New boss for Bertelsmann Foundation: Heck replaces De Geus. In: Welt Online. October 2, 2019, accessed December 12, 2019 .
- ↑ Dr. Ralph Heck succeeds Aart De Geus as CEO of the Bertelsmann Stiftung. Bertelsmann Stiftung, October 2, 2019, accessed on January 28, 2020 (press release).
- ↑ a b c d e Articles of Association of the Bertelsmann Foundation. (PDF) April 5, 2019, accessed March 6, 2020 .
- ↑ Joachim Paul: Practice-oriented introduction to general business administration . With examples and case studies. 3. Edition. Springer Verlag, Wiesbaden, ISBN 978-3-658-07106-6 , pp. 225 .
- ↑ a b Organization. Bertelsmann Stiftung, accessed on August 3, 2020 .
- ↑ Dominik Asam on the Board of Trustees . In: The bell . January 18, 2019, p. 19 .
- ↑ Look out for ... Carsten Coesfeld . In: Manager Magazin . No. 8 , 2008 ( manager-magazin.de [accessed July 20, 2018]).
- ↑ New member in a well-known circle . In: Gütersloher Zeitung . October 25, 2017, p. 10 .
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Coordinates: 51 ° 54 '30.9 " N , 8 ° 25' 8.3" E