Hamelin


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Hameln
Hamelin
Map of Germany, position of the city of Hameln highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 6 ′  N , 9 ° 21 ′  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Hameln-Pyrmont
Height : 68 m above sea level NHN
Area : 102.33 km 2
Residents: 57,434 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 561 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 31785, 31787, 31789
Primaries : 05151, 05158
License plate : HM
Community key : 03 2 52 006
City structure: 13 districts and the core city

City administration address :
Rathausplatz 1
31785 Hameln
Website : www.hameln.de
Lord Mayor : Claudio Griese ( CDU )
Location of the city of Hameln in the Hameln-Pyrmont district
Bad Münder am Deister Salzhemmendorf Coppenbrügge Hessisch Oldendorf Hameln Emmerthal Bad Pyrmont Aerzen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Holzminden Landkreis Hildesheim Region Hannover Landkreis Schaumburg Landkreis Hameln-Pyrmont Niedersachsenmap
About this picture
View of Hameln from the
Klüt mountain

Hameln is a large independent city in Lower Saxony . The district town of the Hameln-Pyrmont district lies on the Weser and is best known for the legend of the Pied Piper of Hameln , which is based on a tradition from 1284.

geography

Geographical location

Hameln is located southwest of Hanover at about half the straight line between Herford in the west and Hildesheim in the east. The city is located in the center of the Weserbergland Schaumburg-Hameln Nature Park and is surrounded by parts of the Weserbergland in the west and Leinebergland in the east. Hameln is traversed by a section of the Upper Weser, into which the Hamel (from the east) and the Humme (from the west) flow in the urban area .

Wappen-minden.svg
Minden
44 km
Nienburg wappen.jpg
Nienburg / Weser
86 km
Coat of arms of Hannover.svg
Hanover
47 km
Herford coat of arms.svg
Herford
59 km
Neighboring communities Coat of arms Hildesheim.svg
Hildesheim
50 km
Coat of arms bad pyrmont.svg
Bad Pyrmont
23 km
Coat of arms Höxter.svg
Höxter
53 km
Coat of arms Alfeld (Leine) .png
Alfeld (Leine)
41 km

* Distances are rounded road kilometers to the town center.

Directly west of the 68  m above sea level. NN located town rises the mountain Klüt (258 m above sea level), on which the Klütturm ( observation tower ) and the Klüthaus ( restaurant ) stand.

City structure

Excursion boat on the Weser in Hameln (2010)

climate

Hamelin, as part of the central Weser Uplands, is largely subject to the subatlantic climate, which is characterized by mild winters and humid summers. At the same time, there are weak continental influences with temporarily moderately cold winters and warmer summers.

Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Hameln-Hastenbeck (1981-2010)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature ( ° C ) 1.8 2.1 5.4 9.1 13.5 16.2 18.3 17.9 14.1 10.1 5.7 2.5 O 9.8
Precipitation ( mm ) 71.0 54.0 64.0 48.0 62.0 66.0 71.0 73.0 62.0 61.0 66.0 75.0 Σ 773
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.3 2.4 3.3 5.4 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.2 4.5 3.1 1.4 1.0 O 4th
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
N
i
e
d
e
r
s
c
h
l
a
g
71.0
54.0
64.0
48.0
62.0
66.0
71.0
73.0
62.0
61.0
66.0
75.0
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source:

history

Earliest traces

The first traces of settlement in today's urban area of ​​Hameln go back to the Stone Age. It is unclear when the first village structures began to emerge in today's old town. Around the year 790, the then 50-year-old Benedictine monk Erkanbert from the Fulda monastery was named bishop for the then newly conquered mission district between Oberweser and Leine. He initially chose the Romanus monastery in Hameln as the focus of his work before moving the bishopric to Minden in 803/804. Erkanbert was the brother of the then abbot Baugulf von Fulda . In 802 or 812 the Saxon Count Bernhard and his wife Christina built their own church in Tilithigau on their estate in Hameln . In the year 826 both died childless, the possessions passed to the imperial abbey of Fulda . This founded a Benedictine monastery in the year 851 at the conveniently located Weser crossing . The first place names referred to the place as "Hamela" or "Hameloa".

Founding of a monastery

In the course of time, a market settlement developed in front of the monastery, which was converted into a collegiate monastery (documented mentions 1054 and 1074), which is named as a town around 1200 . This makes Hameln one of the very first cities in the former Kingdom of Hanover. In 1209 a (monastery) mill in Hameln is mentioned for the first time.

In the 12th and 13th centuries, city sovereignty over Hameln lay with the Abbey of Fulda or its bailiffs in Hameln, the Counts of Everstein . The spiritual sovereignty lay with the Bishop of Minden . In 1259 the abbot of Fulda sold his rights to the city of Hameln to the Minden monastery . The Hamelin civil army refused to accept this, but was defeated by the Bishop of Minden in the battle of Sedemünder in 1260 . In the course of further disputes, Duke Albrecht I acquired the bailiwick of Hameln in 1268 . In 1277 he granted the city a privilege to confirm the rights it had previously reserved.

rat catcher

Lithograph from 1902: "Greetings from Hameln"
Paving stone in the pedestrian zone

Hameln gained worldwide fame through the Pied Piper legend , which is based on the departure of the "Hämelschen children" in 1284. As a historical background, it can be assumed that it was young Hamelin citizens who were recruited by noble territorial lords or locators for colonization in the east . From this later the Pied Piper legend developed. The date of this year 1284 goes back to the late Middle Ages. The oldest report on this comes from the period between 1430 and 1450. The pied piper legend plays an important role in the culture of the city, which is officially called the Pied Piper City of Hameln . With this symbolic figure, Hameln is also part of the German Fairy Tale Route .

Fortification, Hanseatic League and Thirty Years War

Siege of Hameln in the Thirty Years War

The Hamelin city fortifications were probably built in the 13th century as a surrounding, around 9 meter high city ​​wall with towers and city ​​gates to protect against attacks. The Hamelin Landwehr built in the 14th century served as the outer protective ring . In 1426 Hameln became a member of the Hanseatic League , to which it belonged until 1572. The Reformation was introduced in 1540 . The city's mayor and council signed the Lutheran Agreement of 1577 in 1580 .

In the 16th century there was an economic rise that lasted until the Thirty Years War . In the competition between the rich merchants and the landed gentry, the magnificent buildings of the Weser Renaissance , which still adorn the cityscape in the old town today, were created.

During the Thirty Years' War, in May 1625, the city initially only accepted a small troop from King Christian IV of Denmark , who had been elected by the estates as colonel of war. When the situation against the League troops came to a head, Christian himself moved into Hameln on July 14, 1625. A week later, however, he suffered a riding accident and he rushed out of town with all the troops. The imperial general Tilly followed on August 2nd after agreeing a declaration of surrender with the city council. The imperial occupation of Hameln lasted until 1633, when Duke Georg von Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Swedish troops besieged the city from March 1633, where the imperial occupation troops were staying. After the defeat of an imperial relief army in the battle of Hessisch-Oldendorf , the imperial surrendered in Hameln on July 3rd . / July 13, 1633 greg. before the duke.

fortress

Plan of Hameln Fortress from 1777 (subsequently colored)
Last stone remnant of the Klüt fortress

In 1664, the city began to be expanded into a Guelph “main and principal fortress”. The first construction phase of the Hameln Fortress was considered completed in 1684. From 1664 to 1668 the city was surrounded with star-shaped bastions .

In 1690 refugees ( Refugiés ) from France ( Huguenots ) were settled in Hameln by ducal privilege .

In 1734, the first state-run Weser sluice was put into operation on the Werder near Hameln, which helped the boatmen to overcome the notorious "Hamelin Hole".

After the death of King George II of Great Britain-Hanover in 1760, during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) under his successor King George III. the fortress Hameln strengthened by the fortifications on the Klüt . Fort I. (Fort George) was built from 1760 to 1763 on the Klüt mountain . From 1774 to 1784 two more forts were built on the Klüt : Fort II. (Fort Wilhelm) and Fort III. Hameln thus became the impregnable Gibraltar of the north , the strongest fortress of the then Electorate of Hanover . During the Napoleonic period and under changing French and Prussian occupations, Fort IV. (Fort Luise) was built at the foot of the Klüt in 1806.

After the battle of Jena , Hamelin surrendered on November 20, 1806 under General Le Coq almost without a fight in front of General Savary's outnumbered French . The razing of the fortifications (except for two city towers) ordered by Napoléon in 1808 created the basis for further expansion of the city. From the stones of the former Fort George, an observation tower, initially called Georgenturm , was built in 1843 (heightened in 1887), which is now a popular excursion destination under the name Klütturm .

Independent city / district town

Hamelin around 1900, Osterstrasse

In 1866 Hameln became Prussian after 700 years of sovereignty by the Welfs . Since 1885 the city has been the seat of the district administration of the Hameln district (from 1922 Hameln-Pyrmont district ) until it became a district in 1923 . With the administrative and territorial reform in Lower Saxony in 1972/1973, the independent status was ended again.

1872 was railway line Hannover-Altenbeken by the Hannover-Altenbekener Railway opened -Gesellschaft, 1875 the rail link came to Hildesheim and wages ( Weser Railway added). Between 1889 and 1897 the Hameln – Lage line ( Begatalbahn ) with the Weser bridge and the Klüttunnel was built.

First World War

On April 1, 1897, the 4th Hanoverian Infantry Regiment No. 164 with two battalions was set up in Hameln. In 1902 there was a machine gun department and in 1913 the III. Battalion in Holzminden. The regiment took part in World War I in Belgium and France from August 1914 . 2423 soldiers of the regiment had died by 1918. On August 23, 1925, a memorial for the fallen soldiers of the regiment was inaugurated on 164er Ring (street).

As early as August 1914, the military administration began to build a camp for around 10,000 prisoners of war on the parade ground of the garrison. 90 percent of the funds of around 1.5 million marks spent on this in the first three months benefited companies from the city district. The earth huts initially built for the first prisoners from Belgium and France were replaced by 60 permanent barracks, in which around 4,500 prisoners and internees were housed by the end of the year. Since from 1915 most of the prisoners were distributed to labor camps in the entire military district, only around 1,000 people remained in the camp in Hameln. After the end of the war, around 3,500 Russians were interned in the camp and, after their departure in 1921, they housed borderland expellees from Upper Silesia and Posen for several years.

Early automotive industry

Monument to the Hamelin auto industry in the period 1907–1931

In 1907, the North German Automobile Works (N. A. W.) were founded by Hans Hartmann in the industrial area south of the train station . In 1908 the plant began production of the lower middle class Colibri passenger car . From 1911 the model Sperber was added, which was exported to numerous countries; including Russia, the Baltic and Scandinavian countries, Austria, Great Britain and overseas to South Africa and New Zealand .

During the First World War , production stagnated and only armaments such as trucks were manufactured. In 1917, the Selve company from the Sauerland took over N. A. W, but stopped production in 1929 as a result of the Great Depression. At the beginning of the National Socialist era, the plant was reactivated and continued as Deutsche Automobilwerke AG (DAWAG). The designer Robert Mederer designed a car with a new type of engine. The vehicle was supposed to cost 2300 Reichsmarks , which was too high for the government. It awarded the major contract to build an automobile industry in Wolfsburg , where the Volkswagen factory was planned to be built to manufacture the KdF car, which cost only 990 Reichsmarks . That put an end to the Hamelin automotive industry.

time of the nationalsocialism

During the National Socialist era, the Reichserntedankfest took place regularly from 1933 to 1937 on the Bückeberg near Hameln . With up to a million participants from all over Germany, it was one of the largest mass events of the National Socialists . Mainly people from the peasantry as well as leading National Socialists such as Hitler , Goebbels and other officials traveled there .

In Hameln, the synagogue was set on fire by men from the Hamelin SA and SS during the November pogrom in 1938 . ( see also: History of the Jews in Hameln ). In this city too, people were persecuted during the National Socialist era, as evidenced by a number of stumbling blocks in Hameln today . 101 Jewish citizens were deported from the city and later murdered.

Hameln prison on the Weser around 1900

In prison Hameln , mainly Communists and Social Democrats were interned (but also homosexuals and Jews) from 1933 so-called political. Political prisoners from France and Denmark were later added. In 1935 the prison was converted into a penitentiary . During the Second World War there were around 300 deaths as a result of the inhumane prison conditions. At the end of the war in April 1945, the prison was partially evacuated and death marches took place .

Second World War, end of war and occupation

During the air raids on Hameln towards the end of the Second World War on March 14, 1945 , the city was the target of an Allied bombing raid . 177 people were killed, 93 injured and over 700 homeless. The train station and houses in Kreuzstraße, Hastenbecker Weg and Stüvestraße were hit.

On April 5, 1945, the 2nd US Panzer Division was in Groß-Berkel; German soldiers blew up the Weser Bridge as a raid troop marched on Hameln. Up to 500 soldiers are said to have stood ready for defense in Hameln under Major General Klockenbrink. The market church, Werdermühle, town hall and several houses, including on Osterstraße, were destroyed by artillery fire. The 17th US Engineer Battalion and parts of the 30th US Infantry Division under Major General Leland Hobbs prepared the transition with assault boats near the town of Ohr , built a pontoon bridge and crossed the tanks in the direction of Tündern. A unit of flag boys from the Sennelager was able to stop the US troops in the south of the city and shoot down two tanks. 1st Lieutenant Raymond O. Beaudoin of the 119th Infantry, 30th Infantry Division was fatally shot on April 6th while attempting to eliminate a German machine-gun position and received the highest honorary medal of honor . On April 7, 1945, the British 117th Regiment advanced from Tündern into the city. The German soldiers there were taken prisoners of war. On April 8, the British staff of the 123rd Military Government Detachment arrived, preparing to take over the city. Among the six officers on the staff was Major Lynden-Bell, who shortly thereafter became town commander of Hamelin.

On May 7, 1945, the day the Wehrmacht's unconditional surrender was signed , the Deister and Weser newspaper published a letter from Major Lynden-Bell to the citizens of Hameln, calling on them to “rebuild a healthy and clean Germany. All fair-thinking citizens must come together for this purpose on a local and regional basis without waiting for any outside help. The earlier and better this is done, the sooner the war as a whole will be over and the first steps can be taken to put Germany back in its rightful place as a member of the world community. "

On June 4, 1945, the military government appointed Walter Harm , SPD , as Lord Mayor of Hameln. Harm had been deputy mayor before 1933 and had been dismissed by the National Socialists. From December 1, 1945, Georg Wilke took over the office of senior city director. The first municipal elections were held in June 1946. The City Council of Hameln was composed of 30 councils, including 18 SPD, 9 Lower Saxony State Party (NLP), 2 CDU and 1 FDP. Lord Mayor Heinrich Löffler (SPD) was confirmed in office.

In the post-war period , the Hamelin prison served as a place of execution for the British occupying forces from December 13, 1945 until 1949 . 201 people were executed here, 156 of them as war criminals . Of these, 82 were convicted in the Hamburg Curiohaus trials . These included those convicted of the Bergen-Belsen trial , the concentration camp guards Irma Grese , Elisabeth Volkenrath and Johanna Bormann , the camp commandant Josef Kramer , the concentration camp doctor Fritz Klein , Fritz Knöchlein and Bernhard Siebken . Other people executed were concentration camp doctors, concentration camp kapos , SS guards and commanders of SS units (2nd SS Totenkop Regiment, SS Totenkopf Division ), such as Walter Sonntag . The last execution took place on December 6, 1949 on a displaced person for the use of firearms resulting in death.

The corpses were initially buried anonymously on the prison grounds, and from mid-1947 on at the Am Wehl cemetery, cemetery C III. All corpses from the prison grounds were reburied. For right-wing extremists, the cemetery became a place of pilgrimage, where, for example, the Freedom German Workers' Party held a memorial hour in November 1985 and in 2015 members of the neo-Nazi women's group Düütsche Deerns laid branches, candles and stones with the names of those who were executed. The resolution of the cemetery was founded in 1974 by NPD -based citizens' initiative prevented. The leveling took place in 1986 as a result of physical disputes in the cemetery. The neighboring CI cemetery with Nazi victims who died in the penitentiary before the end of the war was leveled in 1976.

In 1947, 120 houses and 1,014 rooms in Hameln were occupied by the British occupying forces.

Hameln from 1948

Osterstrasse in Hameln, 1960

Since the city was largely spared from war destruction, with a few exceptions, larger companies that had lost their former location settled in Hameln from the end of the 1940s (e.g. in 1947 BHW on the DOMAG site). The population grew due to the admission of refugees by the year 1950 to over 51,000 people at, with most expellees from Silesia came. The cultural boom was taken into account with the opening of the theater in 1953.

From the end of the 1960s, the decline of the half-timbered houses in the old town was stopped. With the renovation of the old town, the cityscape was significantly changed. Pedestrian zones were set up in the city center and a second bridge over the Weser was built.

Units of the British Rhine Army were stationed in Hameln during the Cold War . Since 1971, the 28th British Engineer Regiment with 846 soldiers and 500 civilian employees was located in the Linsingen barracks, built in 1938. Around 1400 family members lived in the city. British units were also stationed in the Scharnhorst Barracks, built in 1898, until 2001. In the course of the conversion of military facilities, a residential area was created there, partly in the listed and ensemble-protected former military buildings.

On January 1, 1973, Hameln was incorporated into the Hameln-Pyrmont district as part of the regional reform. Until the dissolution of the administrative districts in Lower Saxony on December 31, 2004, Hameln belonged to the administrative district of Hanover .

Incorporations

Rohrsen has been part of Hameln since 1923. On January 1, 1973, the twelve surrounding communities Afferde, Groß Hilligsfeld, Halvestorf, Hastenbeck, Haverbeck, Holtensen, Klein Berkel, Klein Hilligsfeld, Tündern, Unsen, Wehrbergen and Welliehausen were incorporated.

Population development

Population development of Hameln from 1689 to 2016 according to the respective territorial status. The blue upper curve indicates today's urban area - the red curve the earlier one.

City of Hameln within the boundaries of that time

  • 1689: 02,397
  • 1825: 05.326
  • 1905: 21.385
  • 1939: 29.978
  • 1950: 48.122
  • 1961: 50.443
  • 1968: 48.787
  • 1970: 47.414

City of Hameln within today's boundaries

  • 1961: 61.733
  • 1970: 63.010
  • 1973: 62.464
  • 1974: 61.722
  • 1975: 61.066
  • 1976: 60.328
  • 1977: 60.042
  • 1978: 59.671
  • 1979: 59.005
  • 1980: 58,390
  • 1981: 57.960
  • 1982: 57.271
  • 1983: 56,582
  • 1984: 55.992
  • 1985: 55,580
  • 1986: 55,390
  • 1987: 58.030
  • 1988: 57,642 *
  • 1989: 57.945
  • 1990: 58,539
  • 1991: 58.906
  • 1992: 59.294
  • 1993: 59.209
  • 1994: 58.923
  • 1995: 58.781
  • 1996: 58.762
  • 1997: 58.973
  • 1998: 58,762
  • 1999: 58,544
  • 2000: 58,807
  • 2001: 59.052
  • 2002: 59.156
  • 2003: 58.902
  • 2004: 58,676
  • 2005: 58,739
  • 2006: 58,517
  • 2007: 58,563
  • 2008: 58,267
  • 2009: 57.906
  • 2010: 57,771
  • 2011: 57,342
  • 2011: 56,756 ( census )
  • 2012: 56,281
  • 2013: 56,260
  • 2014: 56,310
  • 2015: 56,529
  • 2016: 56,747
  • 2017: 57,228
  • 2018: 57,510

* (from 1998 to December 31st)

The proportion of foreigners as of December 31, 2015 was 11.4% (2014: 10.1%).

religion

St. Nicolai Church and the Wedding House

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 53% of the population were Evangelical Lutheran , 13.5% Roman Catholic , 0.9% Orthodox , 4.1% belonged to another religious community ( Muslims , Jews ) and 27% were non-denominational members of no religious community. According to statistics from December 2018, 40.7% were Evangelical Lutheran, 11.2% Roman Catholic and 48.1% other or no religion.

Christianity

Hameln is a city ​​shaped by the Reformation .

Religious communities in Hameln: Christian communities in the ACK :

Other Christian Communities:

Other religions

politics

City council

The City Council of Hamelin consists of 42 members. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 50,001 and 75,000. The 42 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor Claudio Griese (CDU) is also entitled to vote in the city council.

Local election 2016

City council election 2016 + re-election 2017
Turnout: 49.48% (+ 3.23%)
 %
40
30th
20th
10
0
31.60%
31.12%
11.65%
7.47%
5.83%
5.29%
2.06%
1.79%
n. k.
3.14%
Independent
BL
Otherwise. j
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
-1.45  % p
-2.91  % p
-4.81  % p.p.
+ 3.59  % p
+ 5.83  % p.p.
+ 2.74  % p.p.
+0.02  % p
-1.33  % p.p.
-3.05  % p
+1.38  % p
Independent
BL
Otherwise. j
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
Remarks:
j 2016:
- Fresh wind: 1.73% (1 seat)
- UFB Hameln: 1.23% (1 seat)
2011:
- Fresh wind: 1.63% (1 seat)
- NPD : 0.13%

The local election on September 11, 2016 led to the following result:

AfD lawsuit

The District Association of Alternative for Germany sued a decision by the Hamelin election committee, which excluded the AfD from an election in District 5, before the Hanover Administrative Court . Since the AfD was not previously represented in the local parliament, it had to provide at least 30 supporter signatures in order to participate in the election. A total of 37 signatures were submitted on time, seven of which were declared inadmissible as obvious forgeries before and three more after the deadline.

The lawsuit was based on the assumption that the 30 signatures that were initially recognized were legal and relied on an act of trust. She argued that the responsible election supervisor should have recognized before the deadline that it was forgeries so that the AfD could have submitted more signatures. The Hanover Administrative Court dismissed the action on June 21, 2017 as unfounded. The judgment is final.

Changes in the legislative period

date change Comment / note
October 2016 Resignation Councilwoman Julia Maulhardt left the GRÜNEN and since then has been a non-party member of the city council.
March 2017 Leaving the party and founding a new parliamentary group The two AfD council members left the party and have since formed the non-party faction “Die Mitte”.
September 2018 Split of a council group The Group of the Greens has left the Red-Red-Green Council group. In future, the group will only consist of the SPD and the Left.
End of September 2018 A faction split When a council member (UFB) resigns, the CDU-DU-UFB becomes the CDU-DU parliamentary group.
Allocation of seats in the Hamelin City Council (as of March 2017)
           
A total of 43 seats
  • Left : 2
  • SPD : 13
  • Greens : 4
  • Pirates : 1
  • FDP : 3
  • CDU : 14
  • YOU : 1
  • UFB : 1
  • Fresh wind : 1
  • The middle : 2
  • Otherwise: 1

Current groups and factions

(As of October 2018)

Parties Group or faction Number of members Remarks
SPD / Left group 15th
CDU-YOU fraction 15th Mayor Griese also a member
Green fraction 4th
FDP fraction 3
Pirate fresh wind fraction 2
The middle fraction 2
UFB Individual 1
Others Individual 1 Julia Maulhardt (independent)

Lord Mayors

The full-time lord mayor of the city of Hameln is Claudio Griese (CDU). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, none of the three candidates (Ralf Wilde (SPD): 43.14%, Anke Blume (FDP): 8.79%, Griese: 48.05%) received the necessary absolute majority . The turnout was 43.97%. In the runoff election on June 15, 2014 between Wilde (43.29%) and Griese (56.70%), the latter prevailed. The turnout fell to 34.11%. Griese took office on November 1, 2014 and replaced the previous incumbent Susanne Lippmann (non-party).

Honorary Lord Mayors (dual track, election by city council)

  • April 7, 1945 to June 1, 1945: Wilhelm Grote
  • June 1, 1945 to June 1, 1946: Walter Harm , SPD
  • June 7, 1946 to October 28, 1949: Heinrich Löffler, SPD
  • October 28, 1949 to October 29, 1951: Karl Schütze, NLP
  • October 29, 1951 to December 2, 1952: Heinrich Löffler, SPD
  • December 2, 1952 to December 4, 1953: Karl Schütze, DP
  • December 4, 1953 to December 3, 1958: Heinrich Janssen , DP
  • December 3, 1958 to March 2, 1959: Robert Denzler, SPD
  • March 24, 1959 to April 13, 1961: Helmut Greulich , SPD
  • April 13, 1961 to October 26, 1966: Friedrich Sander , CDU
  • October 26, 1966 to April 24, 1973: Friedel Leunig , SPD
  • April 24, 1973 to November 19, 1991: Walter-Dieter Kock , CDU
  • November 19, 1991 to February 28, 1999: Christa Bruns, SPD

Full-time Lord Mayors (direct election since 1999)

  • March 1, 1999 to October 31, 2006: Klaus Arnecke, non-party (nominated by CDU)
  • November 1, 2006 to October 31, 2014: Susanne Lippmann , non-party (nominated by SPD)
  • from November 1, 2014: Claudio Griese , CDU

Senior City Directors (1945–1998)

coat of arms

Coat of arms of hamelin.svg
Blazon : “The city's coat of arms shows an arc-shaped, sharpened silver millstone in a red field, covered with an upright blue mill iron. In its simple form, the shield is crowned by the stylized, double-towered, silver cathedral church of St. Bonifatii with four transverse gables, whose windows or doors, tower roofs and finials are tinged blue and the centralroof is tingedred.

In the form of the gem , the city coat of arms shows the cathedral church, which is covered with the coat of arms and equipped with different spiers, as a helmet ornament and two lions as shield holders. "

Signpost with the twin cities of Hameln, above the city coat of arms

Town twinning

Culture and sights

Theaters and museums

Town hall square in Hameln with the theater

The Theater Hameln (formerly Weserbergland-Festhalle), built in 1951/52 and opened on January 2, 1953, offers space for 658 visitors. The extensive program consists of over 150 theater performances, concerts, musicals, operas, comedies, cabaret and children's and youth theater.

The Hameln Museum is located in the historic Leisthaus and Stiftsherrenhaus buildings and shows the history and culture of the city of Hameln and the Weser Uplands. One focus is on the Pied Piper legend, which is also represented in a Pied Piper Theater installed in the museum using mechanical figures and sound and light effects.

Buildings

On the main streets, Hameln offers an almost closed historical cityscape with a large number of splendid half-timbered and stone houses, many of them from the Renaissance . Osterstraße and the horse market are the representative focal points of the old town.

Particularly noteworthy are:

The former Pfortmühle as the last Weser mill
Hefehof
Disused railway bridge over the Weser
  • Canons' house from 1558, rich figurative decorations on the half-timbered consoles. One of the few houses that do not have the gable facing the street, but rather face the eaves.
  • Leisthaus from 1585–1589, in the finest Renaissance forms, relief frieze of the seven virtues and Lucretia in the bay gable, today the Hameln Museum .
  • Pied Piper House with richly decorated Renaissance gable from 1603, well structured facade with bay window.
  • Dempter House, built 1607–1608 by the later mayor Tobias von Dempter (actually: van Deventer); the lower two floors in stone with a hollow , above half-timbered with an abundance of Renaissance jewelry.
  • Wedding house , monumental festival and celebration house in the city, built in the Weser Renaissance style 1610–1617; Pied Piper Art and Glockenspiel - plays five times a day with figures circulating at 13:05, 15:35 and 17:35; Pied Piper and Weser song in the morning.
  • Two preserved wall towers of the city ​​fortifications of Hameln ( Haspelmath Tower and Powder Tower ) with a reconstructed section of the city ​​wall .
  • Garrison Church, a simple baroque building from 1713 with a monastery for the Holy Spirit (today: Sparkasse).
  • Minster Church of St. Boniface (Protestant), three-aisled Gothic hall church with octagonal crossing tower and Romanesque crypt , restored 1870–1875 after being used for a different purpose.
  • Market Church of St. Nicolai (Protestant), built before 1200, destroyed in 1945, rebuilt between 1957 and 1959, Romanesque and Gothic parts reused, modern furnishings.
  • The last Wesermühle , the Pfortmühle , a former watermill in the style of the German Empire, today are u. a. the city library and a café.
  • In the Jewish cemetery on Scharnhorststrasse there are 173 gravestones for the Jewish deceased from Hameln and the surrounding area from the years 1741 to 1937.
  • The Hameln Garrison Cemetery is a historic cemetery where high-ranking military personnel from all over northern Germany and the Hameln Fortress are buried.
  • Hefehof , a factory building built in 1890 in the style of the early days of the Bremen sugar refinery , which ceased production in 1899 after almost 10 years of operation. From 1907 yeast was produced by Nord-West Deutsche Hefe- und Spritwerke Aktiengesellschaft and over time numerous other companies have settled on the site. The listed building was rebuilt in 2000 and has since been home to a shopping area, the technology and start-up center of the city of Hameln and a cultural event area.
  • Bismarck Tower , a 13.5 m high observation tower on the Knabenburg, inaugurated in 1910 .

Despite the minor damage caused by the war, there were willful losses of listed buildings after the war:

  • The Kiepehof , built by Justus Kipe in 1646 , was demolished in 1971, although still intact, by decision of the city council.
  • The infirmary in Wangelist, first mentioned in 1431, gave way to Bundesstrasse 1 in 1969.

Green spaces and recreation

City forest and the Bürgergarten near the old town of Hamelin .

The Bürgergarten in the east of the old town is a beautiful, centrally located park. It is very popular with both tourists and Hamelin residents. In the summer it is a venue for open-air concerts . It was laid out on May 5, 1962 on the site of a former parade ground (until 1924), or later a sports field.

Sports

Weser Uplands Stadium

Hameln is known as the location of the rowing club Weser from 1885 (RVW), which has already produced several Olympic participants and world champions in rowing. The RVW has its own boathouse on the southern edge of Hameln as a clubhouse. Acting chairman of the RVW is Peter Dennis.

The Weserberglandstadion serves as a football and general stadium . The Spielvereinigung Preußen Hameln 07 was at home here until 2010. The football club played for many years in the amateur league, the former third-highest division. In 2010 he had to file for bankruptcy. The newly founded FC Preußen Hameln tries a new start in sport.

The Weserberglandstadion was the venue for several open-air concerts, for example Michael Jackson and Pur , as well as games of youth world and European football championships. During the 2006 World Cup , the French national football team trained here several times and became vice world champions. She stayed for four weeks in the Golf and Castle Hotel Münchhausen in Aerzen- Königförde.

Bundesliga handball was also played in Hameln in the 1990s. The VfL Hameln is known for the departments Basketball (2nd Regional), Handball (Oberliga) and athletics.

TSV Schwalbe Tündern , based in Hameln-Tündern, was represented in the table tennis Bundesliga from 2005 to 2007. The Olympic third and European champion Dimitrij Ovtcharov developed into a top player there. National player Ruwen Filus played for Schwalbe as a child and teenager.

Among other things, PSV Hameln offers hockey for children and young people; The game is played on the large artificial turf pitch in the Afferde district.

The HIC, Hamelin Inline Connection, offers the possibility of practicing various sports with inline skates . Inline hockey , which is similar to ice hockey and practiced by the Boomtown Ratz teams , is enjoying growing popularity.

Regular events

Pied Piper open-air game
Musical RATS

Open-air theater in the city center (wedding house terrace):

  • Pied Piper open-air game. 80 Hamelin citizens and children present the Pied Piper legend after the Brothers Grimm in historical costumes. The free open-air theater is performed on Sunday noon from mid-May to mid-September. The 30-minute game attracts an average of around 2000 visitors.
  • Musical "RATS". It is a 45-minute, humorous interpretation of the Pied Piper's legend. The musical includes catchy tunes such as waltzes, marches, ballads and rap. It will be performed free of charge on Wednesday afternoons at 4:30 p.m. on the wedding house terrace from the end of May to mid-September.

Hameln has also had a medieval / fantasy market called Mystica Hamelon since 2014 .

The Autumn Moon Festival has been taking place every October since 2015, bringing thousands of visitors from the black scene to Hameln year after year .

Venues

Pied Piper Hall

The city of Hameln's multi-purpose sports hall, the Pied Piper Hall, is located directly on the Weser promenade. With around 2155 m², it has been the largest event location in the city since 1988. The use ranges from sporting competitions to balls, markets, trade fairs to concerts and conferences. It offers seats for up to 2300 people. There is a public underground car park under the complex. A bus parking lot is right next door. The hall can be easily reached by public transport. A four-star hotel with further seminar rooms is located right next to the hall.

Sumpfblume cultural and communication center

The Sumpfblume cultural center, which was founded in 1979, is also located directly on the Weser promenade. The building has two floors and an attached concert hall.

Weser Uplands Center

The Weserbergland-Zentrum (WB-Z), which was completed in 1996 and is located near the city center, is a three-storey venue for conferences, seminars, cabaret, trade fairs and festivities. A mobile wall system enables room design for 20 to 700 people. Three further group rooms are available on the upper floor. The basement is used as a cloakroom and exhibition space. The Weserbergland-Zentrum has a restaurant and a public underground car park.

Economy and Infrastructure

Companies

Company headquarters in Hameln

Larger branches of foreign companies

Former companies

media

The Deister and Weser newspaper , or Dewezet for short, founded in 1848 is of regional importance ; it appears as the main edition “Hameln” and as a secondary edition “Bodenwerder” as well as under the title “Pyrmonter Nachrichten” in Bad Pyrmont. In addition, the Zentralredaktion - since 2004 partly in cooperation with the "Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung" - has provided the national pages for the "Schaumburger Zeitung" (Rinteln), the "Schaumburg-Lippische Landeszeitung" (Bückeburg), the "Neue Deister Zeitung" (Springe ) and the "Deister-Leine-Zeitung" (Barsinghausen). The online service "dewezet.de" is becoming increasingly important. The broadcaster Radio Aktiv , which covers large parts of the district of Hameln-Pyrmont and produces a program rich in word contributions every day in its glass studio in the Hameln Bürgergarten , is financed from license fees . The NDR also has an editorial studio in Hameln.

Public facilities

Hameln is the location of the Sana Clinic Hameln-Pyrmont , which is located on the Weser site. The Wilhelmstrasse location was closed. Then the building was expanded. Today the Ameos Clinic Hameln is located on Wilhelmstrasse.

The Hameln District Court and the Hameln Labor Court have their headquarters in the city.

In Hameln- Tündern there is the Hameln juvenile institution with 793 prison places , which is the only juvenile institution (JA) in Lower Saxony. The Hameln juvenile institution is the largest facility for closed youth prisons in Germany.

education

University of Applied Sciences

High schools

Vocational schools

Comprehensive schools

Upper and secondary schools

Elementary schools

  • Pestalozzi School (elementary and high school)
  • Wilhelm Raabe School (elementary and high school)
  • Klütschule (primary school)
  • Elementary School Hohes Feld (Elementary School)
  • Primary School Sünteltal (Primary School)
  • Basbergschule (elementary school)
  • Hameln-Rohrsen primary school (primary school)
  • Afferde Elementary School (Elementary School)
  • Primary School Tündern (Primary School)
  • Papenschule (primary school)
  • Wangelist Primary School (Primary School)
  • Primary School Klein Berkel (Primary School)
  • Primary School Am Mainbach (Primary School)
  • Niels Stensen School (Catholic Primary School)
  • Elementary school Hastenbeck (elementary school)

Special schools

Other schools

traffic

Road traffic

In the inner city ring of Hameln, the federal highways 1 , 83 and 217 converge in a star shape. The B 1 takes you west to Paderborn and Bielefeld and east to Hildesheim , while the B 83 north-west to Minden and the A 2 (AS Bad Eilsen ) and south to Holzminden and Höxter . The B 217 begins in Hameln and heads north-east to Hanover . The B 1 crosses the Weser on the Münsterbrücke , the B 83 on the Thiewallbrücke .

Local public transport in Hameln-Pyrmont is operated by Verkehrsgesellschaft Hameln-Pyrmont mbh (VHP). Local transport in Hameln-Pyrmont is known under the name of "Public Transport".

Rail transport

Hameln train station, reception building
Hameln-Klüt stop on the route to Bielefeld, which was dismantled in 1985

The Station Hameln is located on the double track , electrified main line Hannover-Altenbeken , the two tracks trassierten here with, but now only, single-track non-electrified Weser railway crosses wages (Westphalia) -Hildesheim. The railway line Hameln-Lage-Bielefeld with Weser Bridge and the Klüttunnel , also leading to Hameln , was closed for passenger traffic in 1980 and dismantled in 1985.

The station is served by the S-Bahn line 5 Hannover Airport - Hannover Hbf - Hameln - Altenbeken - Paderborn . In addition, the regional train " Weser-Bahn " runs Bünde - Löhne - Hameln - Hildesheim .

Local rail passenger transport for the S-Bahn is carried out by DB Regio Niedersachsen, which uses electric multiple units of DB series 424 and 425 for speeds of up to 140 km / h. The NordWestBahn uses Alstom Coradia LINT (class 648) diesel multiple units for the “Weserbahn” .

shipping

To the south of the old town there is a harbor basin where various companies and warehouses are located. There is also a rail link to the train station. The port no longer plays a role in freight traffic. Today passenger ships of the Weser fleet and other boats are moored here .

Personalities

Honorary citizen

The honorary citizenship is the highest honor given to the city of Hameln. The city has awarded the following people:

  • Victor Lebrecht von Prott (1781–1857), on November 2, 1839, major general and builder of the chain bridge over the Weser
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Heise (1802–1883), on July 19, 1878, head of the post office, chairman of the Hamelin Beautification Association
  • Adolf Buchholz (1803–1877), on December 18, 1869, hydraulic engineering inspector, builder of the Hamelin lock
  • Karl Wermuth (1804–1867), Senator and Police Commissioner on February 21, 1846, improvement of the city's accounting system
  • Carl August Brekelbaum (1804–1884), on August 28, 1874, master bricklayer and building contractor, founder of the C. A. Brekelbaum Foundation
  • Heinrich Friedrich Meyer (1819–1894), on November 22, 1889, member of the Hamelin magistrate
  • Julius Wolff (1834–1910), on June 28, 1884, author of the verse epic Der Rattenfänger von Hameln and of "Singuf, Rattenfängerlieder"
  • Victor Ernst Nessler (1841–1890), composer on June 28, 1884, wrote the opera "The Pied Piper of Hameln" in 1879
  • Johannes Ludwig Daniel Thies (1846–1933), merchant and senator on August 23, 1919, built the hostel for his home in Hameln

Deprivation

In 1979, in order to distance itself from the award of honorary citizenship to Adolf Hitler and Margarete Wessel, the City Council of Hameln passed the resolution that the honorary citizenships of both persons had already expired upon death and that Adolf Hitler and Margarete Wessel were neither legally nor politically honorary . According to the Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law, honorary citizenship ends with death. Because of unworthy behavior, it can only be withdrawn from the person during their lifetime.

At the beginning of 2016, Hamelin historian Bernhard Gelderblom campaigned for the city council to be repositioned. Due to the election campaign ( local election ) and the refugee crisis , however, it was hardly noticed. In 2017, the council finally devoted itself to the topic, with the withdrawal of honorary citizenships being met with great approval.

On September 20, 2017, the following people were deprived of their honorary citizenship unanimously with one abstention:

  • Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), on April 13, 1933 by decision of the Citizens' College
  • Adolf Hitler (1889–1945), on April 13, 1933 by resolution of the Citizens' College
  • Margarete Wessel , on August 9, 1933, because the mother of Horst Wessel (1907–1930) was born near Hameln; Handover to her daughter Ingeborg on March 25, 1937 .

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities with a connection to the city

literature

  • Friedrich Lindau: Memories of a soldier from the campaigns of the Royal German Legion. A citizen of Hameln tells about the period 1806–1815. Aurel Verlag, Daun 2006, ISBN 3-938759-02-X .
  • Sprenger's history of the city of Hameln . Schmidt et al. Suckert, Hameln 1861. (Reprint: v. Hirschheydt, Hannover-Döhren 1979, ISBN 3-7777-0072-X )
  • Heinrich Spanuth : History of the city of Hameln. 1963, DNB 560506333 .
  • Bernhard Gelderblom , Mario Keller-Holte: Foreign forced labor in Hameln and in the Hameln-Pyrmont district 1939–1945. Holzminden 2006, ISBN 3-931656-96-9 .
  • Gerhard Fließ: Hameln back then: the pied piper town at the turn of the century in 137 pictures. Niemeyer, Hameln 1977, ISBN 3-87585-041-6 .

Web links

Commons : Hameln  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Hameln  - travel guide
Wikisource: Hameln  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. German Weather Service , mean values ​​1981–2010 for the current station location (2012).
  3. Lexicon of the Middle Ages. Volume VI, Artemis - & - Winkler-Verlag, Munich / Zurich 1993, column 631.
  4. See BSLK , p. 766; see. P. 17.
  5. Hameln City Archives, Tilly-Briefe , Best. 2607, No. 1, H. 11
  6. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . tape 8 , 1905, pp. 691 ( online [accessed October 9, 2011]).
  7. Refugees in Hameln
  8. Großer Generalstab (Ed.): 1806 - The Prussian officer corps and the investigation of the war events. Ernst Siegfried Mittler and Son, Berlin 1906.
  9. The railway bridge and the Klüttunnel. In: Hamelner-Geschichte.de. Jörg Meyer, accessed on October 9, 2011 .
  10. Wilfried Altkrüger: city and district of Hameln in the First World War. Hameln City Archives, 2014, accessed on March 9, 2019 .
  11. Autostadt Hameln. In: Hamelner-Geschichte.de. Jörg Meyer, accessed on October 9, 2011 .
  12. ^ History of the city of Hameln , p. 31 and interesting facts from the history of the city of Hameln and its surroundings. The British Garrison , accessed on: March 13, 2018
  13. Deister and Weser newspaper : It was an unconditional surrender. On May 8, 1945 the Allies took over government power in Germany at all levels , from: May 7, 2005; accessed on: March 13, 2018
  14. ^ The Hamburg Curiohaus Trials - Nazi war crimes before British military courts , p. 60, publisher: Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial, January 2017
  15. Silke Schulte: History of the City of Hameln . In: Lower Saxony Book 2009 . 2009, p. 32 ( PDF file; 5.3 MB [accessed October 9, 2011]). PDF file; 5.3 MB ( Memento of the original from December 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hameln.de
  16. a b c d e Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 189 .
  17. Development of the population in the city of Hameln. (PDF; 15 kB) 1980–2009. (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, 2010, archived from the original on December 21, 2011 ; Retrieved October 9, 2011 .
  18. Development of the population in the city of Hameln. (PDF; 21 kB) 1973–2006. (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, 2007, archived from the original on December 21, 2011 ; Retrieved October 9, 2011 .
  19. Population of the city of Hameln as of December 31, 2010. (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, archived from the original on November 21, 2011 ; Retrieved November 15, 2011 .
  20. Development of the population in the city of Hameln. Federal Statistical Office, accessed on August 19, 2013 .
  21. Issue Statistical Data of the City of Hameln, October 2013. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on August 5, 2014 ; Retrieved April 11, 2014 .
  22. Issue Statistical Data of the City of Hameln, November 2014. (PDF) (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, archived from the original on August 5, 2014 ; accessed on March 18, 2015 .
  23. Issue Statistical Data of the City of Hameln, November 2015. (PDF) City of Hameln, accessed on November 7, 2017 .
  24. Issue Statistical Data of the City of Hameln, November 2016. (PDF) City of Hameln, accessed on November 7, 2017 .
  25. ^ City of Hameln - statistical data, publications on urban development. (PDF; 3,326.71 kB) (No longer available online.) November 2016, archived from the original on August 5, 2014 ; Retrieved December 19, 2016 .
  26. Census database - Hameln, city , population in regional comparison by religion (detailed) -in%, 2011 census
  27. City of Hameln - Department of Urban Development and Planning: Statistical data 2019. Accessed on February 11, 2020 .
  28. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on February 16, 2015.
  29. hameln.de - City Council election 2016/17
  30. ↑ Allocation of seats in the City Council - local elections in Hameln 2016 , accessed on December 19, 2016.
  31. ^ Lars Lindhorst: No new election in Hameln. Dewezet, June 17, 2017, accessed February 25, 2018 .
  32. ^ Lars Lindhorst: No new election in Hameln. Dewezet, June 21, 2017, accessed February 25, 2018 .
  33. 1st Chamber rejects claims for review of the local elections in Hildesheim and Hameln. Administrative Court of Hanover, June 21, 2017, accessed on February 25, 2018 .
  34. Hameln: Councilwoman Julia Maulhardt leaves the Greens , accessed on April 3, 2017
  35. ndr.de : After Hetz-Chat: Two AfD members resigned , accessed on April 3, 2017
  36. Birte Hansen: The AfD parliamentary group becomes “Die Mitte”. Dewezet, April 11, 2017, accessed April 10, 2017 .
  37. hameln.de - Mayor election 2014
  38. hameln.de - Mayor election 2014 (runoff election)
  39. main statute. (PDF)
  40. https://www.hameln.de/de/buergerservice-verwaltung/die-stadtverwaltung/kooperation-partner-und-patenschaften/staedtepartektivenen/ Entry about the twin cities on the homepage of the City of Hameln. Retrieved on April 22, 2019, 23: 21st
  41. ^ Theater - city portal of the Pied Piper City of Hameln. Retrieved November 19, 2018 .
  42. History of HefeHofes as the nucleus Regional Economic Development ( Memento of January 5, 2014 Internet Archive )
  43. Bismarck Tower Hameln on bismarcktuerme.de
  44. demolition of Kiepehofs 1971
  45. ^ Demolition of the Wangelist poor house in 1969
  46. Mystica Hamlon homepage
  47. Autumn Moon Homepage
  48. ^ Pied Piper Hall. (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, archived from the original on July 6, 2011 ; Retrieved April 12, 2011 .
  49. ↑ Sumpfblume Culture and Communication Center. Retrieved March 5, 2020 .
  50. ^ Weserbergland Center. (No longer available online.) City of Hameln, archived from the original on July 6, 2011 ; Retrieved April 12, 2011 .
  51. OB wants to devote himself to the subject of Hitler
  52. City of Hameln recognizes Hitler's honorary citizenship